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Es A-IHD16.NEWBERRY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUTGUS_619.PIE$.0AYA
The Lawmakers are Assembled Ae
cording to Cleveland's Call.
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAG ".
For the Firt Time In an Age the D m
oeratic Party Rules In All Branches
of the American Govern
ment at Wahinaton.
WAsHNGToN, Aug. 7.-Opening day
of the fifty-third congress brought .with
it as most welcome and refreshing
change in the weather. The cool
breezes replaced the torrid heat of the
previous week, and it was supplement
ed by improved ventilating fans, mak
ADLAI E. STEVENSON.
Vico President of the United States. and
President of the :_enate.
ing the temperature of the house and
senate chamber quite endurable, not
withstanding the crow'1s of spectators
who, as usual, packed the galleries and
thronged the corridors.
Among the latter there were many
who were thoroughly not American.
At this season of the year there appears
to have been a sudden impetus in for
eign travel to the World's Fair and Eu
ropean tourists are familiar figures on
the streets of Washington. Many of
these were about the capital at an early
hour, anxious to see, what one typical
Englishman called, our *Hamerican
'ouse of commons."
- The Senate Opened.
The senate was called to order at noon,
and the opening prayer' made by the
outgoing chaplain, Mr. Butler. After
the president's proclamation was read,
the oath of office administered to Sena
tors Quay of Pennsylvania, and Pasco
of Florida, a communication was read
from Beckwith, of Wyoming, annoinc
ing that, owing to a combination of cir
cumstances, he had placed his resigna
tion as senator in the hands of the gov
ernor. The communication was placed
The secretary elect of senate, Cox, of
North Carolina, had the oath adminis
Ured to him, and took possession of the
The usual resolutions to notify the
house and president were adopted, and
kthen at 12:30. the death of late Senator
Stanford. of California, was announced
by Senator White, of that state, and as
a mark of respect, the senate adjourned
for the day.
The House Org.,nfzed.
As early as 10:30) the house galleries
devoted to public use were filled to re
pletion. The doors leading to them
were crowded, and spectators less for
tunate than their associates peered over
the shoulders of mo.re favored ones and
waited patiently for the hour of noon.
At 11 o'clock the reserved .galleries
opened, and in one minute seats even
there were at a premium.
The pioture then presented was an
animated and interesting one. The gal
leries constituted a frame and a hand.
Borne frame it was. Ladies, who made
uu more than one-half of the audience,
were attired in their prettiest summer
costumes. Many of .them discarded
their headgear, and the fluttering of
-cans and the buzz .of female conversa
tion mingled pleasantly with the sterner,
mnanly tones which arose from the floor.
Called to Order.
The house was called to order at
noon, the president's proclamation
read, and the call of names of members
elect begun. Three hundred and thir
ty-six members responded to their
names and the house proceeded to vote
* for speaker. the candidatc beihg Crisp.
Red and Simpson. Crisp was elected
For the second Time Premi'ine OfHeer of the
. United States House of Re. re entaiv es.
speaker, receiving 214 votes, against 122
votes for Reed and 7 votes for Simpson.
There was hearty handclapping from
members and generous applause from
the galleries when the announced induc
tion into office of Charles F. Crisp for
speaker the second time was made.
He was escorted by Reed, Holman
and Jerry Simpson, who, minus his
moustache, created much amusement.
Speaker Crisp briefly acknowledged
THE SECOND DAY.
President Cleveland's Messago Read Be.
fore Both Houses of Congress.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.-Immediately
after the assembling of congress a mes
sage from the president was announced
and received by both houses assembled
in separate session.
The reading of the message was list
ened to with profound attention from
all parts of the house.
It is as follows:
To the Congress of the United States:
The existence of an alarminz and ex
traordinary business situation, iuvo
ing the welfare and prosperity of all
our people, has constrained me to call
together, in extra session, the people's
representatives in congress, to the end
that through a wise and patriotic exer
cise of tha legislative duty with which
they solely are charged the present evils
may be mitigated and the dangers
threatening the future may be averied.
Our unfortunate financial plight is
not the result of untoward events, nor
of conditions related to our natural re
sources; nor is it traceable to any of the
afflictions which frequently check nat
ural growth and prosperity. With
plenteous crops, with abundant prom
ise of remunerative production and
manufactures, with unu3ual invitation
to safe inveptment, and with satisfacto
ry assurance to business enterprise, sud
denly a financial distrust and fear have
sprung up on every side. Numerous
moneyed institutions have suspended
because abundant assets were not im
mediately available to meet the demands
of frightened depositors. Surviving
corporations and individuals are con
tent to keep in hand the money they
are usually anxious to loan, and those
engaged in legitimate business are sur
prised to find that the securities they
offer for loans, though heretofore satis
factory, are no longer accepted. Val
ues supposed to be fixed are fast becom
ing conjectural, and loss and failure
have invaded every branch of business.
I believe these things are principally
chargeable to congressional legislation,
touching the purchase and coinage of
silver by the general government: This
legislation is embodied in a statute pass
ed on the 14th day of July, 1890, which
was the culmination of much agitation
on t'he subject involved, and which may
be considered a truce, after a long strug
gle between the advocates of free silver
coinage and those intending to be more
Uundoubtedly the monthly nurchase
by the government of 4.500,000 ounces
of silver, enforced under that statute,
was regarded'by those interested in sil
ver production as a certain guaranty of
its increase in price. The result, how
ever, has been entirely different, for
immediately following a spasmodic and
slight rise, the price of silver began to
fall after the passage of the act, and has
since reached the lowest point ever
known. The disappointing result has
led to renewed and persistent effort in
the direction of free silver coinage.
MeaLwhile, not only are the evil ef
fects of the operation of the present
law constantly accumulating, but the
result to which its execution must ine
vitably lead is becoming palpable to all
who give the least heed to financial
subjects. This law provides that in
payment for the 4,500,000 ounces of sil
ver bullion which the secretary of treas
ury is commanded to purchase monthly,
there shall be issued treasury notes re
deemable on. demand in gold or silver
coin, at the discretion of the -secretary
of the treasury, and that said notes
may be re-issued. It is however, de
clared in the act to be "the eablished
policy of the United States to maintain
the two metals on a parity with each
other upon tbe present legal ratio or
such ratio as may be provided by law."
This declaration so controls the action
of the secretary of the treasury as to
prevent his exercising the discretion
nominally vested in him, if by such ac
tion the parity between gold and silver
may be disturbed. Mianifestly a re
fusal by the secretary topav thesetreas
ury notes in gold, if demandedl, would
necessarily result in their discredit and
depreciation as obligations payable only
in silver, and would destroy the parity
between the two metals by establishing
a discrimination in favor of gold. Up to
the 15th day of July, 1893, these notes
had been issued in payment of silver
bullion purchases, to the amount of
more than $147,000,000.
While all but a very small quantity
of this bullion remains uncoined and
without usefulness in the treasury,
many of the notes given in its purchase
have been paid in gold. This is illus
trated by thie statement that between
May 1st, 1899, and the 15th day of July,
1893. the notes of this kind issued in
payment for silvei- bullion amounted
to a little more than $54,000,0001, and
that during the same period about $49,
000,000 were paid by the treasury in
gold for redemption of such notes.
The policy necessarnly adopted of
paying these notes in gold has not
spared the gold reserve of $100,000,000
long ago set aside by the government
for the redemption of other notes, for
this fund has already been subjected -,
the paymient of new obligations amount
ing to about $150,000,000 on account of
silver purchases, and has as a conse
quence, for 'he first time since its crea
tion, been encroached upon. We have
thus made the depletion of our gold.
easy, and have tempted other and more
appreciative nations to.add it to-their
stock. That the opportunity we have
offered has not been neglecte~d is shown
by the large amounts of gold which
have been recently drawn from our
treasury and exported to increase the
financial strength of forilnidiens.
The excess of exports of gold over its
imports for the year ending June 80,
1893, amountsd to more than $87,500,
000; between the 1st day of July, 1890.
and thie 15th day of July, 1893, the gold
coin and bullion in our treasury de
creased more than $132,000,000, while
during the same period the silver coin
and bullion in the treasury increased
more than $147,000,000.
Unless government bonds are to be
constantly issued and sold to replenish
our exhausted gold, only to be again
exhausted, it is apparent that the oper
atin of the silver purchase law now in
force, leads in the direction of the en
tire substitution of silver for the gold
in the government treasury, and that
this xut.a folediam by the navmenlt
of alrgovernment obfigations in depre
ciated silver. At this stage gold and
silver must part company and the gov
ernment must fail in its established
policy to maintain the two metals on a
parity with each other.
Given over to the exclusive of a cur
rency greatly depreciated according to
the standard of the commercial world,
we could no longer claim a p4ace among
nations of the first class, nor could our
government claim a performance of its
obligations so far as such an obligation
has been imposed upon it, to provide for
the use of the people the best and safest
money. If, as many of its friends
claim, silver ought to occupy a larger
place in our currency and the currency
of the world through general interna
tional co-operation, and agreement, it
is desirous that the United States will
not be in a position to gain a hearing
in favor of such an arrangement so
long as all are willing to continue our
attempt single handed. The knowl
edge in business circles among our own
people that our government cannot
make its fiat equivalent to intrinsic
value, nor keep inferior money on a
parity with superior'money, by its own
independent efforts, has resulted in
such a lack of confidence at home, in
the stabilities of currency values that
capital refuses its aid to new enter
prises while millions are actually with
drawn from the channels of trade and
commerce to become idle and unpro
ductive in the hands of timid owners.
Foreign nations, equally alert, not
only decline to purchase American se
curities, but make haste to sacrifice
those which they already have. It does
not meet the situation to say that ap
prehension in regard to the future of
our finances is groundless, and that
there is no reason for lack of confidence
in the purposes or power of the govern
ment in the premises. The very exis
tence of this apprehension and the lack
of confidence, however caused, is a me
nace which ought not for a moment to
be disregarded. Possibly, if the under
taking we have in hand w6re the main
tenance of a specific known quantity of
silver at a parity with gold our ability
to do so might be estimated and gauged
and perhaps in view of our unparalleled
growth and resources, might be favor
ably passed upon. But when our
avowed endeavor is to maintain such
parity in regard to an amount of silver
increasing at the rate of $50,000,000
yearly, with no fixed termination to
such increase it can hardly be said that
a problem is presented whose
solution is free from doubt.
The people of the United States are
entitled to a sound and stable currency,
and to money recognized as such on
every exchange and in every market of
the world. Their government has no
right to injure them by financial exper
iments opposed to the policy and prac
tice of other civilized states, nor iit
justified in permitting an exaggerated
and unreasonable reliance on our na
tional strength and ability to jeopar
dize the people's money. This matter
rises above the plane of party politics.
It vitally concerns every business and
calling and enters every household in
the land. There is one important as
pect of the subject which especially
should never be ovrerlooked. At times,
like the present, when the evils of un
sound finance threaten us, the specula
tor may anticipate a harvest gathered
from the misfortunes of others. The
caitalist may protect himself by hoard
ing or may even find profit in the linc
tuation of values; but the wage-earner
-the first to be injured by a depreci
ated currency and the last to receive
the benefit of its correction-is practi
He relies for work upon the ventures
of confident and contented capital.
This failing him, his condition is with
out alleviation, for he can neither prey
on the misfortunes of others nor hoard
One of the greatest statesmen our
country has known, speaking more than
50 years ago, when a derangement of
the currency had caused commercial
distress, said: "The very man of all oth
ers who has the deepest interest in a
sound currency and who suffers most by
mischievous legislation in money mat
ters, is the man who earns his daily
bread by his daily toil."
These words are as pertinent now as
on the day they were uttered, and
ought ts impressively remind us that a
failure in the dischargre of our duty at
this time must especially injure those
of our countrymen who labor, and who,
because of their- number and condition,
are entitled to the most watchful care
of their government. It is of the ut
most importance that such.relief as con
gress can afford in the existing situa
Uon be afforded at once. The muaxim,
"Se gives twice who giyes quickly," is
It may be true that the em?barrass
ments from which the bnsiness of the
bountry is suffering, arise as mach from
evils apprehended, as froin thoe. acsu
ally existing. All may hop., too, that
calm counsels will prevail and that
neither the capitalists nor the wage
earners will give way to unreasoning
panic and sacrifica their property or
their interests under the influence of
Nevertheless, every day's delay in re
moving one of the plain and principal
causes of the present state of things en
larges the mischief already done and in
creases the responsibility of the govern
ment for its existence.
Whatever else the people have aright
to expect from congress they may cer
tuinly demand that legislation con
demned by the ordeal shall be removed
from the statute books as soon as their
representatives can legitimately deal
It is my purpose to summon congress
in special sessin early in September,
tha we might enter promptly upon the
work of tariff reform which the true
WicsoW large a majority CA me peopLe,
as shown b their suifrages desire and
expect, andto the accomplishment of
which every effort of the present ad
ministration is pledged.
But while tariff reform has lost noth
ing of its immediate and permanent im
portance and must in the near future
engage the attention of congress, it has
seemed to me that the financial condi
tion of the country should at once and
before all other subjects be considered
by your honorable body.
I earnestly recommend the prompt
repeal of the provisions of the act pass
ed July 14, 1890, authorizing the
purchase of silver bullion, and
that other legislative action may
put, beyond all doutt, or mis
take the intention r.aid the ability of the
government to fulfill its pecuniary ob
ligations in money universally recog
nized by all civilized copntiies.
[Signed.] GROVER CLEVEL.ND.
Executive Mansion, Aug. 7, 1893.
THE, BONE- OF CONTENTION.
ull Text of the Sherman Silver Pur
chasing Act of 1890.
An act directing the purchase of silver
bullion and the issue of treasury notes
thereon. and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the senate and house
of representatives of the United States of
America. in congress ssembled, That the
secretary of the treasury is hereby direct
ed to purchase from time to time silver
bullion to the aggregate amount of 4,5,0,
000 ounces, or so much thereof as may be
offered each mouth. at the market pricc
thereof, not exceeding $1 for three hun
dred and seventy-one aid twenty-live
hundredths grains of pure silver, and to
issue in payment for aucu purchase of sil
ver bullion treasury notes of the United
States to be prepared by the secretary ,f
the treasury in such form and of such de
nominations-not less than $1 nor more
than $1,000-as he may prescribe, and a
sum sufficient to carry intoeffect the pro
visions of this act is hereby appropriutei
out of any money In the treasury not oth
Sec. 2. That The treasury notes issued in
accordance with the provisions of this act
shall be redeemable on demaud, in coin,
at the treasury of the United States, or at
the office of any assistant treasurer of the
United States,and when so reaeemed may
be r*is*ued, but no greater or less amout
of such notex shall outstanding at anj
time than the cost of the silver bullion
and the standard silver dollars coined
therefrom, then held in the treasury pur
chased by such notes; and suck treasury
notes shall be a legal tender in payment
of all debts. pubuc and private except
where otherwise expressly stipulated in
the contract. and shall be receivable for
customs, taxes and public dues, and when
so received may be reissued; and such
notes, when held by any national bank
ing association, may be counted as a part
of its lawful reserve. That upon demand
of the holder of any of the tie esury notes
herein provided for 'the secretary of the
treasury shall, under such regulations as
he may prescribe, redeezu such notes In
gold or silver coin at his discretion it be
ing the established policy of the United
States to maintain the two metals on a
parity with each other upon the present
legal ratio, or such ratio as may be pro
vided by law.
Sec. . That the secretary of the treasu
ry shall each month coin 2,030,000 ounces
of the silver bullion purchased under the
provifions of this act into .standard silver
dollars until the 1st day of July, 1891, and
after that time he shall coin of the silver
bullion purchased under the provisions
of this act as much as may be necessary
to provide for the redemption of the
treasury notes herein provided for, and
and any gainor seigniorage arisi.ng fro.n
such coinage shall be accounted for and
paid into the treasury.
See. 4. That the silver bullion pur
chased under the provisions of this act
shall be sul-ject to the requiren.e its of
existing laws and the regulations of the
mint service governing the mietho.is of
determining the amount of pure silver
contained and~ the amount of charges of
deductions, ii any, to. be made.
Sec. 5. Ths t so much of the act of Feb.
28, 1878, entitled "An act to authorize she
coinage of the standard silvcr dollar, and
to restore its legal tender character," as
requires the monthly purchase arid coin
ag.e of the same into silver dollars of not
less than $.000,000 nor more than $4,000.
000) worth of silver bullion is here by re
Sec. 6. That upon the passage of this
act the balance standing with the treas
urer of the United States to the respec
tive credits of national banks for dep,>slts
made to redeem the circulating not,es of
such banks and all deposits thereaf ter
received for like purpose shall be covered
into the treasury as a miscellaneous re
ceipt, and the treasurer of the United
States shall radeem from the general cash
in the treasury the circulating~ notes of
said banks which may come into his pos
session subject to redemption, and upon
the certificate of the comptroller of the
currency that such notes have been re
ceived by him, and that they have been
destroyed by him and that no new notes
will be issued in their p lace, reimburse
ment of their amount shall he made to
the treasurer, under such regalations as
the secretary of the treasury may pre
scribe, from an appropriation hereby
created, to b,e known as national bank
notes redemption account, but the provi
sipns of this act shall not apply to thne de
posits received under section 3 of the act
of June 20, 1874, requiring every national
bank to keep in lawful money with the
treasur'er of the United States a sum
equal tp 5 per eeottzu of its circulation,
te be held and used for the redemption of
its circulatfng notes, and the balance re
maining of the deposits so covered shall
at the close of each month be reported on
the m'onthly public debt statement as
debt of the United States bearing no in
Seo. 7. That this act shall take effect 80)
days from and after its passage.
A pproved July 14, 1890.
Going to the World's FaIr.
[Special to News and Courier.1
COLMBIA, August 11.-Governor
Tillman is arranging to take a two
week's vacation. He will leave here
about the 15th instant with members
of his f-.mily and go directly to Chicago,
where he will spend his time at the
World's Fair. Governor Tillman has
worked hard ecough and had enough
to attend to to deserve a rest, although
he seems as strong and vigorous as
secretary Herbert to Feather his Nest.
NEW YORK, August 10.-A special
to the World from Atlanta says: It is
reported here that Secretary Herbert
and Miss Sallie Brown, youngest
doughter of Ex-Senator Joseph E.
Brown, are engaged to be married.
Miss Brown is a blonde, still on the
sunny sideof 40. She is a woman of
literary tas tes and many social graces.
Her father is worth $10,000,000.
Ayer's Ague Cure is an antidote for
malaria and all malarial diseases,
whether generated by swamp or sewer.
Neither quinine, arsenic, nor any
other injurious drug enters into the
composition of this remedy. WVar
ranted to cure fever and ague.
WV. F. Harwood, of Richmond, Va.,
died August 10th. His life was insured
SHORT, SHARP AND DECISIVE.
Jim Tillman Knocks Down a Register Cor
respondent and Jumps on Him and
Beats Him Until He is
[Special to News and Courier.]
EDGEFIELD, August 9.-Capt. J. H.
Tillman has.drawn first blood as a re
sult of the Farley-Irby-Tillman contro
versy. Yesterday afternoon he liter
ally wiped the ground up with the
Register's traveling correspondent,
W. J. Shelton. The latter gentleman
was sitting on the Court House steps
when Capt. Tillman walked up to him
and accosted him concerning a portipn
of the recent correspondence having
reference to the part wherein Shelton
They engaged a minute or two in a
pretty hot controversy, when Tillman
challenged Shelton to walk down the
road and fight it out. The challenge
was accepted. When they reached a
point in front of an old stable about
three hundred yards down the public
road from the Court House Tillman
turned to Shelton and said: "Here is
about as good a place as any. I am
armed, and if you are we can fight it
Shelton said that he was not armed,
and therefore Tillman made no effort
to draw his pistol, but stepped up
closer to Shelton, and on being given
the d-d lie by Shelton he gave him
the regular combination Corbett-Sulli
van lick under the chin, which sent
Shelton to the ground. Tillman jumped
on top of him and was punishing him
severely when the policeman of the
town came up and separated them.
Both parties were fined two dollars ty
the town authorities.
WHAT MR. SHELTON SAYS:
To theEditor of theNews andCourier:
Please publish the following as an ex
planation of the Tillman and Shelton
fight at Edgefield:
"I was not armed; did not receive
but one blow and no blood was brought.
I could have managed him in a fair
fight if let alone. W. J. SHELTON."
Aiken, August 10, 1893.
[Special to The State.]
EDGEFIELD, August 7.-Yesterday
afternoon Capt. James H. Tillman and
W. J. Shelton, traveling agent of the
Tillman organ at Columbia, met on
the street, and had some words about
the voluminous Farley-Irby-Tillman
correspondence. The lie was passed
and Tillman knocked Shelton down
and straddled him. They are well
matched in size. Shelton had an iron
stick in his hand.
. It is said that Shelton, while down,
acknowledged that Irby dictated to
Tigbe the. dispatch which so abun
dantly convicts himself (Irby), and
that Tighe translated his stenographic
notes to Shelton, and that Irby and
Tighe themselves filed the dispatch in
the Washington telegraph office.
''TIGHE AND I ARRANGED" THE CRAD
GRANITEvILLE, S. C., August 10.
To the Editor of The State: Please
allow me space to correct part of your
Edgefield correspondent's report of the
trouble between Mr. J. H. Tillman and
myself, viz: "That while Shelton was
down he acknowledged that Irby dic
tated to Tighe, his secretary, the Wash
ington dispatch, which so abundantly
convicts himself (Irby), and that Tighe
translated his stenographic report to
Shelton, and that Irby and Tigho
themselves filed the dispatch at the
I made no such statement at any
time; but in conversation with Mr. J.
H. Tillman, before the fight, I did say
that Tighe and I arranged the report,
and I sent the telegram off. Mr. Tighe
introducing me to the operator as the
general traveling agent and correspon
dent of the Columbea Register.
W. J. SHELTON.
NOT THE "CRADDOCK" LETT'ER.
To the Editor of The State: A card
of mine having been construed as an
admission on my part I wrote the
"Craddock" dispatch, which would be
a foolish claim, as it has already been
proven that the dispatch on file in the
Washington telegraph office is in Mr.
Tillman's handwriting, I desire to
make this statement:.
Mr..Tillman and I were not discussing
the "Craddock" letter, but a letter
written by Mr. Tillman in which he
charged that Senator Irby dictated to
his secretary, Mr. Tighe, a dispatch
concernig the blacklisting conference
before Postmaster General Bissell, and
which contained some very compli
mentary allusions to Senator I rby. I
stated that this report, not the "Crad
dock" letter, was prepared by Tighe
and myself, and that I filed it in
Washington telegraph office, Tighe
introducing me as the correspondent
of the Columbia Register.
This explanation should correct the
wrong impression given by hasty peru
sal of my first card.
W. J. SHELTON.
Columbia, August 12.
Gone Back to Buzzard's Bay.
WVASHrNGTON, D. C., August 11.
President Cleveland Left Washington
this morning at 7 o'clock over the
Pennsylvania Railroad, accompanied
by Secretary Lamont. Colonel Lamont
will leave him at New York, and the
President will go direct to Buzzard's
Be sure and put a box of Ayei's Pills
in your satchel before traveling, either
by land or sea. You will find them
convenient, efficacious, and safe. The
best remedy for costiveness, indiges
tion, and sick headache, and adapted
to a ny climate.
ALLIANCE RALLY AT SARDIS.
Congressman Shell Speaks and Defes His
.Position-Qnestioned by Mr. Dn="n
There was an outpouring of the peo
ple and an enthusiastic gathering of
the friends of the Alliance at Sardis
last Thursday. The ladies were there,
too, and a host of them at that. At II
o'clock a. m., the Chairman, W. H.
McCrary, mounted the stand-and asked
the Rev. W. A. Pitts to open the meet
ing with prayer.
First speaker, Col. D. P. Duncan,
President of the State Alliance Ex
change, made a thoroughly practical
business talk, concerning Alliance de
mands, the workings of the Alliance
Exchange, the drilling and preparing
for the Alliancemen for the conflict
that will certainly revolutionize the
governmental policy of our country.
His was an instructive address, well
Speeches were made by Capt. Jno.
M. Hudgens, President, of the Laurens
County Alliance, Auditor O. G.Thomp
son, Representative 'Le. Smith, of
Laurens county, Representative John
Duncan, of Newberry, and Congress
man Shell. Representative Shell said:
"It was announced that I needed no
introduction, which was well said. I
have always been your invited guest
on all like occasions and I always re
spond. I came to-day because I was
invited and Iam truly glad to be with
you. In 1890 yoa elected me to Con
gress, and since that time the 52d Con
gress has met and discharged itg'work
-my stewardship is already known to
"Our country is at present in a most
threatening condition. No time in 400
years anything like the present.
"I am not here to condemn the Demo
cratie party, nor to commend it; neither
am I here to commend or to condemn
the Republican party, and the Third
party is the last party I would assail.
Captain Shell spoke at considerable
length concerning the Ailiance, the
Reform Movement, the financial issue,
etc., at the conclusion of which Mr. S.
M. Duncan came forward and pro
pounded the following questions to
Capt. Shell, which he answered:
Mr. Duncan: Do you still consider
Ben Perry a Reformer and Is he not
supporting Butler against Tillman, and
can you endorse him for official position
against a Reformer?
Mr. Shell: I am not Ben Perry's
keeper. I endorsed him because he was
my friend in 1890 and 1892. I have
never gone in person and asked for his
Duncan: Have you been advising the
people to let politics alone and attend
to their farms?
Duncan: Are you using your influ
ence in the interest, and do you intend
to actively engage in the coming cam
paigni against Butler, and have you
been advising a division in the party?
Shell: Tillma-i knows where I stand,
ask him, No, I have not advised a
division in the party, nor do I intend
to engage in the next campaign. I
have already stated that when my
congressional term expIres I will retire
to private life and spend my few re
maining years with my family in peace
Duncan: Do you expect to give your
influence to the Reform Administration
to the exclusion of your personal friends
among the antis?
Shell: No, I don't. Wherever I have
a personal friend who is an anti, and I
know him to be Gualified, I will endorse
him with pleasure.''
NOTE.-We did intend giving. a
fuller account of the proceedings, but
on Monday, when we come to write up
and to join together our rambling notes,
the writer is very unwell, and must be
Word comes from all quarters that
the neatest and most satisfactory dye
for'coloring the beard a brown or black
is Buckingham's Dye for the Whiskers.
Mado Plain at Last.
We feel much relieved since we have
found out how the crisis has been
brought about. Bill Nye makes the
matter as plain as the noonday sun.
He says: The engorgement of the
channels of trade with overproduction
of unearned increment over the per
centage of former years, and making
the bimetallic and baser metals sub
servient to gold and the reserve of gold
and paper money the general funeral
currency and noticeable hesitation of
goods to go out during the r eason of
mourning, together with shrinkage of
values of things you have got, while
things that you want real bad become
suddenly of great value, causes what
you might call stagnation of satisfac
tion and a general revival of sadness in
the realms of traffic.
Root and Branch,
the poison in your blood, however it
may have come or whatever shape it
may be taking is cleared away by Doc
tor Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery.
It's a remedy that rouses every organ
into healthful action, purifies and en
riches the blood, and through it cleanses
and invigorates the whole system.
Salt-rheum, Tetter, Eczema, Erysipe
las, Boils, Carbuncles, Enlar~ged Glands,
and the worst Scrofulous Sores and
Swellings, are perfectly and perma
nently bured by it.
Unlike the ordinary Spring medi
cines or sarsaparillas, the "Discovery"
worzs equally well at all seasons. All
the year round and in all.cases, it is
guaranteed, as no other blood inedicine
is. If it ever fails to benefit or cure,
you have your money back. You pay
only for the good you get.
Isn't it safer to say that no. other
blood-purifier can be "just as go?"
TIf it were, wouldn't It be sold so?
.SOUTHERN FACTORY LABOR.
Composed Principauy of Native Whites,
and Very Efficient.
LNew York Evening Post.)
RALEIGH, N. C., July 29.-It is a
common impression in the North. ed
pecially among Northern laborers, that
the factory labor bf the South is com
posed largely or exclusively of negroes.
This is a very erroneous impression.
With the exception of the tobacco fac
tories, where, aside from the foremen
ind "bosses of sections," "receivers,"
etc., negroes are exclusively employed,
the black man or woman is an excep
tion in the Southern factory. And
where negroes are employed there are
no white "hands" except those in au
thority over them.
Take the cotton factories, for in
stance. The operatives are exclusively
white natives, mostly women and
children, and they are expert and
most excellent operatives, too. Manu
facturers say they would not exchange
them for any class of labor in the
world. The continued growth of man
ufactures in the South reveals the fact
that the material for the production
of skilled white labor is abundant in
the native population.
North Carolina, while it Invites im
migration of the desirable kind, boasts
that It has long been the most homo
genous State in the Union. Nowhere
in the United States is labor more con
tented or more competent than that
now employed in the production of
course cotton goods in the factories of
this State-hence the rapid growth of
cotton factories numerically, and the
increased and increasing output of the
old ones. The success of each effort to
make finer goods than had before been
made in the South attests the fact
that the Southern laborer is quick to
acquire both the knowledge and skill
to make progress in the art of cotton
In speaking about this matter Mr.
Jos. P. Caldwell, one of the best-in
formed men in the State, said: "It is
reasonable that this should be so. In
the early part of this century this sec
tion led in manufactures in the United
States. In 1810 the manufactured
products of Virginia, the Carolinas
and Georgia exceeded in quality and
in value those of all the New England
States. These people who are now
learning to spin and to weave are the
descendants of the mechanics of those
days, and there is naturally an inher
ited capacity to acquire skill as me
chanics. This was once the gold-pro
ducing region of the United States.
It was also an important iron-pro
ducing region, and the day was when
iron was made at no great distance
from Charlotte, N. C., that found a
market in Boston. We are acquiring
again something of the thrift of our
grandfathers, and we have about
reached the point where we can again
find in Boston a market for products
made in this section by the skill of'
native labor and with native raw ma
The situation and the outlook in the
South are very encouraging, There
can be no reasonable doubt that the
labor of this section will continue to
advance and improve. Manufacturers
already prefer it to any other, and this
mea:ns that Investments made here
wial continue as in the past to make
good returns, and as to cotton spinning
and weaving, to make better returns
than any other section. Notwith
standing the "hard times," the cotton
factories of Raleigh and in other sec
tions of the State this week declared
the usual semi-annual dividend-this
time ranging from A to 8 per cent.
THE El-PRESIDENT'S PAUPER COUSIN
County Poor Farm Officials Smiled at the
Story, but Found It True.
DENVEa, August 9.-Some weeks
ago a fine-looking man, nearly 80 years
old, with snow-white hair and beard,
applied to the County Commissioners
for aid and was sent to the county poor
farm, where he still remains. He gave
his name as William Harrison, and
said he was a first cousin of the ex
President. The officials smiled at the
pauper's story, but Secretary Thomp
son, of the Humane Society, investi
irated it and has received letters con
firming the old man's statement in
George S. Cunningham of Lancaster,
0., formerly Mr. Harrison'w attorney,
gives the facts, and a daughter, Mrs.
Rebecca Williamson of the same place,
has been written to. Mr. Harrison
charges his daughter and former at
torney with base Ingratitude, but says,
"Benjamin," his cousin, does not know
of his sad straits. The old man's re
semblance to his distinguished relative
-Don't You Know
That to have perfect health you must
have pure blood, and the best way to
have pure blood is to take Hood's Sar
saparilla, the best blood purifier and
strength builder. It expels all taint of
scrofula, salt rheum and all other hu
mors, and at the same time builds up
the whole system anad gives nerve
HooD's PILLS may be had by mail
for 25c. of C. L. Hood & Co., Lowell,
A Big Meteor Passes Over savannah.
SAVANNAH, ,August 10.-A meteor,
apparently the size of a barrel, passed
over the city at 9 o'clock and struck in
the marsh niear Isle of Hope, a suburb
of Savannah, six miles out. Theshock
was felt in the city and created great
excitement in the section near where
the meteor fell
GEN. FARLEY IMTERVIEWED.
Gives His Position on the Congresloial
[Spartanburg Herald, 10th.
Yesterday s reporter for the Daily
Herald found Gen. Farley in the bist
He did not seem to be contemplating
a hostile meeting with anybody and
was not scared to death over the recent
In answer to the allusion to the re
cent Interview with Captain Shell,
which we reproduced,yesterday, he
stated that he had lust had an inter
view with Mr. Gibbes, of The State,
who was passing through, the sub
stance of which was as folk-ws: 4
"I see that Congressman She has -
announced your candidacy for Con
gress to succeed him, and also that you
have diasolved with Senator Irby and
Answer.-"Yes; I saw Capt. Shell's
interview by The State, and although
I know that he Is a good frled-of
mine, and I appreciate hisInterest Iin
me, I am afraid be has allowed :his
just indignation in the Irby matter to
carry him too far. I am net an 'an
nounced' candidate for Congress, nor
has there been any disturbance of the
relations between Governor Tillman
and myself that I know of. Thqse are
matters of which I must be allowed to
speak for myself at the proper time
"But are you not a candidatefor
"Oh! well, I do not hesitate to spy
that if at the proper time our pepe
and my friends should desire me to
run, I should do so, but although the.
'matter of my candidacy is being agi
tated now, I think it rather too soon
to 'jump that fence,' and am willing
to give the people, aswellasmyself,
time to think.Z.
"Don't you think your Xmas article
likely to have some effect on the gov
"For good-yes; but as for the gI
clsm-no. Governor Tilman- IJf no
baby, and besides, you antis bae
treated him to so much gatultoas
abuse that I think he will find a N$die
frank and honest criticism, by way .of
example, both pleasant and refresh
"TheGovernor knows what criticism
is,for he indulges in It himself sowe
times, and is willing, I think, to give
and take honest blows like a man-.
When the Sherma Zow's Eepsa.;
[New York Sun.
With money at a premium and with
many daily scares,
There is trembling down in Wall street
among the bulls and bears:
With wheat gone down to nothing, and
no stuff to pay the hands,
There is enwsingon the hillaies arid in
the pasture lands;
There is moaning and groaning end
hoarding up ofgold,
There is stuffing of old stockings, there
are failures manifo1ld:
Bu't a great sunburst of glory'll flood the
whole financial field,
When Grover fires his message and
There is rage in Colorado, in the' young
They are shouting and hurrahing for old
Out in Kanasn they are 'yelling, "Down
with Wall street and its stocks!"'
And they swear by Peffer's whiskers and /
by Jerry Simpson's socks- ;
They will battle with the Gold Bugs, and
will die before they yield,
But they'll all get good and peoseful
Old Governor Waite will then not wish to
wade through bloody seas,
But he will sing, "There never were such
bully times as these."
And wheat and corn will go right up, and
every kind of stocks
Will boom, and every broker'll have his
pockets full of rocks,
And every merchant in the land will do
a humming trade,
And every Populistic man will swing his
pick and spade,
And frmthe goden glory of each happy
Will ring the cheers of Grover when
The song of the silverite.
[From the Denver News.j
Oh. rin the poor man's dollar;
rm coming, hear me holler!
rve been within the toils since the fated
rm the dola of the fathers,
And rul jingle in the pocket when Con
gress sets me free.
I serve the common people,
Build the schoolhouse, church and
And T11 bless each home with plenty -in
this land from sea to sea.
Pm the dollar of the sexes, .
Pay the servant,
And Pll jingle in the pocket when Con
gress sets me free.
Hear my eagle's wing a flapping,
For tlie goldbug I'm ore tapping,
I'm coming, Uncle Samuel, at the rate
sixteen to one.
With the mines and factories hum
And the farmer
When I'm jingling in the pocket-Oh!
won't there then be fun!
The goldbug bunzing through the air
Now ceases its repining,
And all forgot its recent scare
By coud ofsilver lining.