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ESTABLISHED 1865. NEWBERRY. S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 14,1894. PRICE $1.50 A YEA
TOM JACKSON'S STOUT HEAET.
How He Gained His Cadetship at West
Point-The Story of a Plucky Boy.
[From the Philadelphia Times.]
Some twenty years before the break
ing out of the civil war it became the
duty of a certain Congressman from a
then Virginia district to recommend to
the President some one for the position
of cadet at West Point.
Among other applicants the two
most favorably known to him were a
couple of youths named Gib Butcher
and Tom Jackson. The Congressman
submitted each of them to a personal
examination and told them he wculd
communicate his decision in writing on
the following day. As may be supposed,
the intervening time was not a restful
period for either of the lads.
Jackson thumped over an algebra he
had picked up in the sitting room of
the little tavern where they were st'p
ping. Whatever anxiety he really felt
was veiled under an appearance of
shrewd indifference. Young Butcher,
however, was very nervous and fidgeted
about a good deal. Tom's quiet manner
was to him rather incomprehensible.
"I hardly believe you care at all," he
exclaimed, after loitering about for
several hours in a fretful way.
"Well," replied Tom, "what is the
use of worrying over what you cannot
help? Time enough to fret when
the appointment or disappointments
"Then you don't really hope to
"I haven't bothered my head about
it since I saw Mr. Hays. I did my best
before him. It is his affair now."
Early the next morning the landlord
opened the door of the room occupied
by the young men.
"Here is a letter for you, Gib," said
he, "I reckon you must be in luck."
Butcher seized and tore open the
fateful missive. Tom, who had the alge
ba again, inserted a finger between the
leaves before closing the book. Sudden
ly Gib began an impromptu war dance
over the floor.
"Tom," he cried, "I've got it! I'm
sorry for you, but Mr. Hays has decided
in my favor."
Then he gave a mild imitation of
what afterw-:rds became famous as the
"rebel yell." Tom, still retaining his
bool was the first to shake Butcher's
band and congratulate him upon his
suceess. Then he sat down and finished
a problem he had been attempting to
solve when the interruption came.
Aferthat-be paid his bill, sadaled sn
old gray mare that was his sole earthly
piece of property and rode quietly home.
The succeeding day he resumed his
duties as constable of his district as if
nothing had happened. To this posi
tion he had been elected, notwithstand
ing his youth, because of a general. con
fidence in his honesty and self-reli
In due time Butcher went to West
Point, passed his examination -there
and wa admnitted as a cadet. Then
.we montheorso elapsed, during which
Tom rode the o'd mare here and there,
serving papers, posting notices and
other'wise attending to his official
duties. At -night he could usually be
found poring over a few dog-eared vol.
umes in plodding, persistent way. One
day when riding by the house of Gib's
father he was amazed to behold young
Butcher sitting in a dejected attitude
upon the front porch.
"Hallo!" exclaimed Tom, reining up.
"[ thought you were at West Point?
We all heard that you had passed in
"I passed the exams well enough,"
returned Gib, "but Icouldn't stand the
after wear and tear. I tell you, Tom.
it's a terrible life. Nothing but orders,
drills, dress and discipline. Then there's
~ A~e.J3rd studying and the bullying by
-. lte seniors I1 swear I won't get the
roaring of those guns out of my ears in
"Do you mean to say, Gib, thai
you h2ave thrown up your appoint.
"It is a dog's life, I tell you. I
wouldn't go through with it to be made
a general at the end."
Tom's astonishment was great enough~
to partially conceal his contempt foi
Butcher's irresolution. He rode home
ward in deep thought. Then he con
suited a copy of the war department
regulations concerning the appoint
ment of cadets. and saw that the privi.
lege of recommending one rested with
the Congressman only for a specified
time. A fter that it reverted to the Se
cretary of War. He also consulted an
almanac and made brief calculations.
Then he got up and walked to and fro,
but presently paused with,. an air o:
"I in;t' just seven days' grace," he
reflected, '-then the appointment will
go out of the hands of Mr. Hays. It n
more than three hundred miles tc
Washington, and he may decline 20
recommend me after all. But it is myi
only chance. I've got to get there, anc
I will get there."
An hour later on Tom and the old
mare were on the road. He stopped at
the house of the nearest justice of the
peace to turn over his official paperi
and resign his constableship. Afti
settling up his accounts be had but
two dollars and a half left.
"Tom," said the 'squire, "you will
never get to Washington on two dollars
and a half."
"ll get there on the old mare,
though," replied Tom, not insensible t<
humor. "That is, if she doesn't givi
out too soon."
"Well, in case she does, here are fivy
dollars to come back on. You've made
a good constable, and I'll keep the offico
"I'd better not take the money," saii
Tom, "for you need not look fv7 in
back under four years."
"Gib Butcher didn't stay that le.g
Yet you better take it, anyhow. Ycu'
be more'n apt to need it bad."
Tom concluded to accept it as a loanr
Three hundred miles upon a hall
broken down mare. over mountainou
roads, with creeks and rivers mostly t
ford, and with but seven days to mak
the trip, was a very serious task. Ther
was no swift running railroad in thos
days along his rugged route, and wha
is now a ten hours' easy rnn was alon
and tiresome journey even for a stron
Some fifty miles from the Capital th
old mare gave completely out. Tor
left her with 4 farmer, shouldered hi
saddle-bags, and trudged along upo:
foot. By hard pusHng he barel
reached Washington a little befor
midnight of the seventh day. Whe
he pounded.at the door of Congressma:
Hays his strength was nearly ea
"Well, sir, what does this mean?
said that gentleman rather sterrly, foi
though kind-hearted enough, he di
not relish being roused from his be
upon a cold night.
When the servant who had reluctani
ly admitted him withdrew Tom ea
plained while the great man shivere
in his dressing-gown.
"Could you not wait until morning?
complained .the Congressman, mildl3
however, as he noted the lad's utt
Tom mentioned that the last hour <
the last day wherein the power recou
mendation rested with Mr. Hays wa
about to expire. -
"Sure enough; you are right, my bol
I had forgotten. So Butcher gave it ui
did he? Well, Tom, if you do get thern
I hope you can stand up to the raci
In fact, I believe you will. A boy lbs
can ride and tramp from Weston boi
in seven days will be apt to go to Wei
Point to stay-eb Tom?"
Toni intimated that if he could pa
the examinations he would risk tb
-'I fear the board may pinch yo
hard, Tom. Gib was somewhat bett
posted in his studies than you."
"I've been reading up since then,
replied Tom. "If you will only r
commend me now-this night-v.hi!
there is yet time, I think I can pas
I've got to pass, sir, that is all there
to be said..
-3r.Hays, re-entering his bed roon
slumbers, th.n made ready ti sacrific
himself. Hrtold Tom to make himse
comfortable in the ante-room, and pr
ceeded to dress. When he returned ti
lad was fast asleep in his chair, H
saddle-bags lay beside him on the floo
his shoes and clothing were coarse an
"Poor fellow," thought the (Congres
ma pityingly. "He certainly deserv<
Then he woke Tom-up, called a haC
and drove with him to the residence<
the Secretary of War. On the wi
Tom related his recent experiences. H
indomitable resolution made a dei
impression upon the Congressmal
Something unusual would certainly I
necessary wherewith to mollify a gre:
official on being thus unceremonious
routed out at a heathenish hour to a
tend to the desires of a baok..counta
youth. Perhaps a recital of Tonm
story would be their best excuse for;
rude a violation of the routine of offici
The Secretary was~reached after son
difficulty. He was naturally in no ye
amiable frame of mind. But Tom to
his simple tale, and then fell into a do
while the Congressman pleaded la
cause. The undeniable proofs of t
lad's determination finally overcar
the Secretary's intention of assertii
his own later prerogative in favor of
protege of hia own, and he agreed
have Tom's papers made out at ont
so as they might conee within the leg
limit of the Congressman's power at
A subordinate was sent for and t]
task accomplished while the .you
still slumbered. Then Mr. Hays wo
him up and thie great Cabinet offic
shook his hand.
"'Young man," said the Secretar
"your methods though unusual, a
justified by the emergency. You eo
tainly ought to succeed."
Tom came to his senses sufficiently
express his thanks, but once more we
to sleep on the way back to the Cc
gressman's boarding house. Mr. Ha
was indulgent, however, and soon h
the young man comfortably bestow
Tom rose bright and early. ]
changed his ..'irt. blacked his sho<
and otherwise made himself presen1
ble. Yet his rustic appearance at t
breakfast table was amusingly notic*
ble. He made a hearty meal, howevi
and thought only of getting on to W<
"How are you off for money, Tomn
asked the Congressman, when th
we re again alone together.
Tom pulled out the remainder of]I
seven dollars and a half.
"That will never see you throui
'Did you expect to walk to West Poi
like a tramp?"
To:n knew he was in a close plai
Ibut he had reflected upon such a cc
"No, sir, I did not," he replied bol
ly; then added, after a pause. "noi
you continued to be my friend."
This astute reply completed his et
quest of the Congressman, who laugh
and patted Tom upon the shoulder
"If you should fall, my boy," said I
"it will not be for lack of nerve. Coi
with me to my bankrs."
i After this Tom's most serious diffi
e culties were at an end. He obtained
the money he needed, went ou to West
Point, passed a successful examination,
1 and soon convinced others that he had
come to stay. For fouryears he patient- E
ly worked his way through the differ
ent grades with the same persistence
s wbich from the first, bad carried him
D over obstacles that would have daunted
e a less determined soul. On receiving
e his lieutenan'cy he returned home
e with the first money he could draw, s
t paid his Congressional benefactor in t<
g full and held his memory always in
g greatest esteem. He also sought out the j
justice under whom he had served as a v
a "Squire," said Lieut. Tom, "here a
a are your five dollars with interest to
a date." .,
y The Squire, clad in homespun jeans, S
e surveyed the young officer in his neat R
a fatigue uniform and noted the shoulder
a straps. Then he pocketed the money. d
- "You were heartily welcome to the
money, Touh," said he, "but as you
' don't seem to be needing it now I may p
-, as well take it back. I had 'my doubts
i then, but it has turned out a right a
I good investment." a
"The best you ever made, Squire
that is-for me. Without it I might t
never have reached there in time."
1 Shortly after this the lieutenant was
ordered to the West, where he served
' upon the frontier for several years and b
, through the Mexican War. He finally f
r returned to Virginia and accepted a a
military professorship in a noted educa
f tional institution, which he held until
- the beginning of the civil war.
e When Virginia seceded he followed
his native State, drew his sword in be
. half of the late Confederacy and bece'me
, known to fame under the name of
, Stonewall Jackson.
t THE UNITED PRESS SPECIAL TRAIN.
Over the Florida Central & Peninsular R. R.
makes the Quickest Trip on Record n
between Jacksonvi:le and Savan- t
5 nab-What the Atlanta Con
e stitution says atout the
New Florida Short
u - -. C
r Immediately after the fight on the a
25th of January, the United Press cor
" respondent took the train of the Florida
Central & Peninsular Railroad for Sa
vannah, the object being to get the use
of the wires at that point, the business i
- being too heavy for the wires at Jack
s sonville. Every arrangement had been
made by the officials of the F. C. & P. .
to carry out the plan of the correspon
dents, and this was done to perfection.
d The start wvmade,at 2 45-.p. in. from .
e Jacksonville, anir sthough the roid
if is new, the run was made in three
hours and twenty-nine minutes, arriv
ing in Savannah at 6.14 p. n., at least
0 f)rty six minutes in advance of any t
is other train from Jacksonville. As "1
r stated, the arrangements of the man
d agement of the road were such that
there were no delays of an unnecessary
m- The actual running time was consider-f
s ably less than three hours.
Th.~is line, the Florida Central & Pe
ninsular, is a portion of the new route
k between Jpcksonville and New York,
>f and apropos of the matter of speed, we
ytake the following from the Atlantat
Constitution of the 28th of January:
THE QUICKEST Y ET.
The Corbett Train Makes Remarka'ie Time
3. to New York over the R. & Ar'. Short Line.
>The Richmond & Danville road's
at new Florida Short line, which handled
yall the prize fighters and their friends <
to and from Jacksonville, did them
tselves proud and made the quickest
Yrun ever made from Jacksonville to
'a New York with the special Corbett
o train. This train left Sacksonville at
1 120 o'clock a. mn., central time, Fri
aday, and. at just 3 20 o'clock p. in.,
' eastei-n time, yesterday rolled into the
le Pennsylvania road station at Jersey
.City,-the actual running time being
Stwenty-seven hours, the quicker-t trip
Id ever made. The route is over the new
ze Florida Central & Peninsular road from.
.is Jacksonville to Columbia, thence over1
the Richmond & Danville and Penni
2sylvania lines. Tbhis -rout. handled
ie practically all the travel from. t-he east
ig to the fight-,.and their very fine sched
a' ules will certainly .wi for the line a
to large patronage. The line has only
been open a month.
The Gowernor and the Typesetting Ma
ae [From the Galveston Daily News.]
th The Governor was shown 'the me&
tchanism of the machines, and invited
al to take a seat and set up his name. It
is. necessary in operating the keys to
'" touch lightly and quickly. In the first
re ettort the Governor's touch was not
r- delicate enough, ai.d as the ty pe poured
down ths Governor thought the ma
to chine was coming to pieces.
nt "Whbat's the matter with that blamed
n- thing?" inquired the Governor.
ys He was told not, to press the keys so
along, and he proceeded to finish his
ename, and here is what he set, print,ed
from the identical line he made with
~'JJJJJ... SSSS. H HH H 3 GGG&.
a."All human history attests
rThat happiness for man-the hungry
'at Since Eve ate apples, much depends
?" And a good liver is absolutely es
sential for appreciating a good dinner,
ey Lord Byron knew that as well as any
body. One of his greatest regrets was
s for his weak stomach.. "Gad, man!"
his lordship would say, "whby don't one
h of these infernal doctors invent a liver
nt Byron would never have asked that
questions were he now living. Why?~
e, Because he would have been using Dr.
n-Pierce's Pleasant Pellets, an absolutely
sure cure for Constipation, Indigestion,
Billions attacks, and all derangements
d- of liver, stomach and bowels.. There
if is no griping or violence, about these
pillg, and they're guaranteed to give
satisfaction, or your money is refunded.
n- Don't live with the stomach weak,
ed when the cure is within your reach for
e, Thousands of cures follow the use of
ne Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy. It's $500i
reward= for-an incubewha se.a
"uth Carolina's Reform Movement from
an Opponent's Standpoiat.
WAsHINGToN, January 24.-Mr. A.
Williams, editor of the News, of
reenville, S. C., has been in Wash
gton several days. Mr. Williams is
ne of the most independent and
:rongest writers on the press of south
arolina. He talks as well and as for
ibly as be writes. Of the political
tuation in the Palmetto State he said
"The signs in South Carolina are
ropitous from a journalistic point of
iew. It looks as if we are to have the
lost complicated, venomous and lun
tic political tarantula dance ever seen
i this country. We haven't got a very
ig floor but it's powerful hot. Some
tates can show up more voters than
'e can but we can, count out more
oters per capita and work out more
evilment to the voter than any other
eople on earth.
"'Somewhere in the solar system there
a special South Carolina moon, invis
>le but effective. She has a big orbit
nd swings arpund once in.tbirty years
nd then we unanimously go looney,
nd when we regularly set ourselves to
) work to turn fool and go on a good
Id howling political debauch we paint
bings red. Along in the thirties it
ras nullification and before that we
ad gone tolerably crazy over the
'rench revolution and liberty, equality
nd fraternity. In the sixties it was
ecession. Now it is just general poli
ics. Every man in our State is now a
olitician in full practice: every other
aan is a candidate or applicant for
omething and there is mighty near a
iction or party for every citizen.
"You remember in 1890 Governor
'ilman jamped to the front of the
rmers' movement. He had been
vorking up an organizing a strong po
itical groundswell.. The 'farmers'
novement' was a loose jointed, scat
ering kind of a ghost, which had been
:nocked together a year or twe before
,nd held up on a pble to scare politi
ians with. G. Wash. Shell, clerk of
ourt of Laureus county, was chairman
f the executive committee. He issued
manifesto-a famous and historic
locument in our State-abusing near
y everything with striking impartial
ty and calling upon the people to rise
gainst the ring which he alleged ex
sted and was oppressing -and despoil
"You know the result, I reckon.
Cbere was a good deal of result. The
farcbiuenion was cailec' b acked
and worked. Shell called it and Irby
vorked it. It came within two or
bree votes of smothering the reform
novement whicn was saved only by
:rby's magnificent 4emonstration of
Verve, gall energy. Once started, how
ver; the movement took. Our time
'or insanity had come. Ono side was
stark, staring, raving mad as the
"Wbat's the quotation about mak
nig stepping stones of our dead selves
o higher things? It was most appro
ria'iely paraphrased in our State with
he-statement that Tillman had made
4epping stones of our darned fools to
2igher spheres. He was governor. Ir
Sy defeated Wade Hampton for the
enate. Shell was sent to ,Congress.
Bo far so good.' And it was all right
ast year.when the anti-Tillman peo
pie made a fight.- The reformers just
renominated their old tickot and sailed
n again with a hurrah.
"You understand, of course, that all
>fthis is inside the Democaatic party.
All our fights are preliminary to and
eading up to the general primary.
"In :1892 t.he Tillmanities, as we call
them,the reformers, as they call them
elves, polled' in the primary 50,000
votes while we anti-Tillmanites, or
onsrvativss, squeezed out but 30,000.
Tiey wiped up the earth with us and
have been danciBg on our remains with
what Mr. Cleveland calls ghoulish
gleepv.'er since. They held the legisla
ture, turned out all the old judges with
off exception,. tIghtened up the dis
pensary liquorilaw, and from our point
of view, played the deuce generaly.
We have been like' Brown, of Caleve
ras. The subsequent proceedings in
terested us no more. We could only
lie and look and groan.
"Now,;however, the time of travail
for the reformers has come. The pe
riod is here for a new divide and it is
"In Columbia some .time ago there
wal'a confersnee which included Mr.
B6wdeni, ed o"and.rner of the Cot
ton Plant"Mr.- Koeste?, editor of. the
Clunbia Register, the jotdrbalistic
prop of the reform movement, and sev
eral others of the most progressive and
active leaders of the- Reform party.
Those men believed and declared that
their party could not continue to live
and grow on the strength of one man.
They claimed that as Governor Tillman
was to be a candidate for the Senate
his supremacy in State matters should
end-and that Senator Irby must be set
"This movement within the move
ment has spread as fast as the move
ment itself did. In two weeks it has
shaken things tremendously. It even
jarred Tillman, and it looks now like a
kind of political day of judgment, the
wind and sea roaring and men's hearts
failing them for fear, because they
don't know where they are at.
"It has been generally claimed that
Governor Tillman is a man of great
backbone and much shrewdness. I
have never been satisfied about that.
You can't judge a man's nerve until
you see him playing a losing game.
Governor Tillman has been four years
sitting behind astraight flush of hearts,
,.nning from ae doawn tn ten spot.
Any chump can pay that kind of a
hand with only one man in. I want
to see what he is going to do now that
the betting is going against him a little
and he will have to draw with care.
"Senator Irby is a fiuffer and fighter
from the old country, and he has with
him John Gary Evans, who is of the
same kind. Irby and Shell hate each
other with the warm enthusiasm which
marks the hatreds in laws and neigh
bors. They are from the same county.
Shell is with the Bowden, Koester and
Ellerbe party. Ellerbe is the present
comptroller general and the probable
candidate of his element for governor.
John Gary Evans, father of the dispen
sary law, is the Irby candidate for gov
ernor, but the first fight will come in
on attempt likely to be made to oust
Irby from the chairmanship of the
State Democratic Executive Commit
"Irby claims that Bowden is a third
party man and the movement he is en
gaged in is an attempt to carry the re
formers bodily into the third party
camp. He says that he will fight this
this to the death and that. Tillman is
"The other side deny this charge.
They say Bowden's position in federal
politics has nothing to do with his feal
ty to the white man's party in the State
and that he is really the man whose
wisdom has kept the third party down;
that by conservative management and
intelligent recognition of conditions he
is in position to keep the third party !
men inside the Democratic organiza
tion instead of taking that organization
instead of taking that organization into
the third party.
"Representative McLaurin a evi
dently disposed to go with the Bowden
party. He has snag and grit and grit
and an eye on future senatorial level
"Representative Shell, who did most
of the finest work in organizing the
original Tillman movement, is evi
dently in this new development and,
the pretty way in which the machin
ery has moved off at the touch tells of
his workmanship. Representatives Lat
imer and Talbert are swinging their
legs on the fence so far.
"Governor Tillman is in and out.
Both sides want him, but. both dis
trust him; and he seems to return the
compliment by wanting and distrust
ing both. Just now he seems to be
leaning toward Irby a nd Evans, but he
hasn't dropped permanently any
"The reformers are split. The con
servatives are not much more harmon
ious. There is among them a strong
feeling against Senator Butler. It, is
not in favor of anybody. It is a gen
eral antagonism-against the reform
faction generally and each fraction of
the faction individually. Nobody can
tell how long this will last. Just now
it looks as if the conservatives will ac
cept the situation and stay out of the
fight altogether. They were invited to
retire by a majority of 20,000, and, like
the man who was kicked down the
front steps, they can take a hint.
"1, The Bowden reformers.
"2. The John Gary Evans reform
"3. The Tillman element, which will
go with him.
"4. The Alliance.
"5- The third party.
"6. The Butler conservatives.
"7. The anti-Butler conservative..
"8. Some thousand men up a tree.
"That is a fairly good complication
among 80,000 voters. Now add in the
Tillman anti-dispensary people, the
anti-Tillman dispensary people, the an
ti-dispensary people, the anti-Tillman
dispensary people, the prohibitionists,
Wage Workers' League,-some scatter
ing republicans, advocates and oppo
nents of a constitutional convention,
and the normal sup'ply of general
kickers anid floaters and deadbeats, all
hatting. each other like sin and furious
ly suspicious of each other and if we
haven't got a political hell broth I w ant
to know where you are going to find
"Yet the old State will scuffle through
it some how and turn up all right, just
as she came through the reconstruc
tion stage and tbe row of 1876, when
we had one solid riot lasting six
straight months and dropped out of it
into a boom. You watch. Our lucid
interval is coming out of all this thing."
SPARTAN MILLs BLOWN UP.
The Engineer Instantly Killed and Other
[Special to The State.]
SPARTANBURG, February 6.-At 6:20
this morning, the large driving wheel
of the Spartan Cotton Mill went to
pieces suddenly, and falling on some of
the large pipes, broke them and caused
a terrific explosion. Both cylinders
were torn to pieces. F. A. Lewis, en
gineer, was instantly killed. Noah
Greene, who worked in the engi~ne
room, had both legs broken. The en
gine house was shaken to pieces, the
roof being blown off. Geo. Poore, the
assistant engineer, *as not hurt much.
He thinks the driving wheel was the
first thing to give way. It was a fear
ful crash and it will be several days be
fore the mill starts up again. Engineer
Lewis was a Northeru man, perhaps
from New York. The main building
was not injured.
More Acquittais Under the Dispensary
ANDERSON, S. C., Febuary 7.-There
were two more dispensary trials to-day
one a white man the other a negro.
The verdicts were "not guilty." Chief
Constable Fant and Constable Massey
came home tn-day.
HE TELLS BrS OWN STORY.
George W. Cbilds' Account of His Life and
The history of George W. Childs'
life as told by him in a newspaper ar
iele published about two years ago
will be found exceedingly interesting
tt this time:
I began to support myself when I
was twelve years old, and I have never
seen dependent on others since then.
[ had had some schooling, but not
much; I never went to college, not be
3ause I did not think a college career.
might not be a good thing for those
who could afford it, and could make a
good use of it, but because I did not
eel that it was so important for me as
lo be earning my own living. When
[ hft home to come to Philadelphia
one of my relatives said that I would
soon have tnough of that, and would
be coming back again.
But I made up my mind that I
would never go baca-I would succeed.
[ had health, the power of applying
myself, and, I suppose, a fair amount
)f brains. ] came to Philadelphia with
$3 in my pocket. I found board and
lodgings for $2 50, and then I got a place
is office boy for $3. That gave me a
surplus of 50 cents a week. I did not
merely do the work that I was abso
lutely required to do, but I did all I
eould, and put my heart into it. I
wanted my employer to feel that I was
more useful to him than he expected
me to be.
I was not afraid to clean and sweep
,nd perform what might be:considered
by some young gentlemen nowadays
as menial work, and therefore beneath
them. I did not think it beneath me
then, and I should not now. If it
were necessary I would sweep out my
office to-day; and I often carry bundles.
But the other day a youth came to me
to see if I could find some employment
for him. His father had died, and his
mother could not support him. I
looked at him, and saw that he had on
very nice clothes and kid gloves. I
asked him if he would like to wheel a
He seemed,surprised, and answered
that he didn't think he would like
tilat. Then I asked him if he would
object to carrying bundles. Well, he
wasn't anxious to carry bundles either.
He was like many young men, who
talk about wanting to work, but when
it comes to the point they want to do
only kid-glove sort of work. I must
say I don't. have much sympathy with
that sort of feeling. Men are all broth
ers, and what is worthy of one is not
unworthy of any one. The Bible says
it is what cometh out the mouth that
defileth a man. -It is not work, but
character, that can be discreditable.
But a man can be industrious, and
yet hisindustry may not achieve much
valuable result. You must not only
work, but you must order your work
with intelligence. You must be pepar
ing the way for what you intend to be
come as well as to do what lies to your
hand. While I was working as errand
and office boy I improved such oppor
tunity asl b ad to read books and at
tend book sales, so as to learai the mar
kei, value of books and anythlng else
that might be useful to me hereafter.
It was my aim always to be in a po.
sition where I could use my best tal
en is to tbe best advantage. I[ fixed my
ambition high, so that, even if I did
not :ealize the highest, I might at least
always be tending upward. A man
should not only use all - his faculties,
but be constantly developing them sc
that he can do more. If you jump at a
thing with your whole heart and mind,
though you may not be exceptionally
able, it' is wonderful how much you
But if you are half-hearted you wilt
fail. You must not yield to the temp
tation to relax your efforts and turn off
and amuse yourself. W ben I was young
I lived near a theatre, and many of th4
actors knew me, and I might have gong
in any time and witnessed the per
formance witifout having to pay for it
Other' boys, acquaintances of mine
used to do it, and I would like to hav<
done it. But I thought it over, anc
made up my mind that I would not.]
never did. This self-denial, if it may bi
called that, did not make me morose o:
unhappy. On the contrary 1 was al
ways cheerful. I took an interest ir
my work, and took pleasure in doing i
well, and in the feeling that I was get
ting on and in a way to become some
thing. And that sort of pleasure is
after all, more real and lasting than is
to be got from going to a theatre wher
one might be doing something useful.
As time went on I kept bettering m3
position, and when I had an office it
the Public I.edger building I believe.]
said to myself that some time I wil
own that paper. At any rate, I directe<
my work in such a way that, when th<
time came that I was able to buy it,.
was also able to manage it rightly
There is little use in procuring a valua
ble property unless you have traine<
yourself to use it in a proper manner
The changes that I made in the Ledge
at first had the effect of decreasing th<
circulation; but before long, it increase<
again, until it greatly surpassed wha
it had ever been before. I have alway
believed that it is possible to unite sue
cess in business with strict moral in
tegrity. I am aware that many peopl
think that the ethics of business, or o
politics, are quite distinct, and that
man may do things in his public em~
ployment which he will not thinki
right to do in his domestic or privat
life. I do not agree with this view
and if the record of my life has an;
value it is in showing thab at least it]i
not necessary to sueceed in busines
th..t a man soulnd indulge in "sharp
practices. But even if it were necessari
ly, still it would not follow that it is
worth while. There are higher satafac
tions than the mere getting of money,
and riches cannot compensate a man
for the cocscionsness of having lived a
dishonorable and selfish life.
Speaking of selfishnes leads one to
speak of generosity. I think the habit
of generosity may be cultivated like
other habits. And I have felt that it
is a great mistake to put off being
generous until after you are dead. In
the first place, you lose the pleasure of
witnessing the good that you may do:
and, again, no one can administer your
gifts for you as well as you can do it
for yourself. It is a great pleasure to
be brought into personal relations of
that kind, and to make people feel that
you are not a philanthropist in the ab
stract but that you are interested in
them personally and care for their wel
fare. In that way you benefit them
not merely in a natural way, but you
make them feel that men are really
brothers, and that they wera made to
help one another. That feeling Is no"
only agreeable in Itself, but it will be
apt to prompt them to carry out the
principle themselves. Put yourself
into all you do and let others feel that
you are there. Do not contribute to a
charitable fond, but go yourself and
and help. It may seem an inconve
nience at first, but soon you will come
to consider it worth any Inconve
Perhaps I ought to say a word about
the companions a young man should
choose for himself in life. You should
try to make companions of the best
people you can become acquainted
with. In order to do this you must
have something in yourself that may
be a return to them for what they give
you. It is not necessary, for this pur
pose, to be a genius, or have a remark
able intellect, or extraordinary erudi
tion. But, be yourself and be a man,
and learn to think of others before
yourself, and you will have friends
enough and of the best. To be inti
mate with the magnanimous and the
noble aids to form those qualities in
oneself. Aman is known by the com
pany he keep*, and those who know
what friends you have will be able to
form a very correct guess of what you
yourself are. You should see to it that
his estimate be as high as your oppor
tunity may secure.
But perhaps I cannot better sum, up
advice to young people than to say
that I have derived, and still find, the
pleasure in my life in deing good to
others. Do good constantly, patieitly
and wisely, and you will never have
cause to say that your life was not
GE0BRGE W. CSfLDS.
WITH STEaGE DEVICE.
The Youth Who ]kW* the Buer of the
There was ayouth, a sweet and gentle
boy, wih aspirations to soar with the
eagle to dizzy heights, a mind which
grasped mighty metaphysical laws,
whether applied to mentalpjhenomnena,
philosophy or psychology, a warm
hearted, generous, self-eacrinding,
gent'e youth, yet manly, courageous,
bold; the champion of the weak and
helpless-a model in every grace and
virtue. Having nobly and gallantly
passed threagh a .eason of measles,
mumps and toothache, having grad
uated at the ancient seat of learning
near his father's home, beentered upon
the duties of manhood fiearlessly and
with the ambition to take his place in
the "serried phalanx" of rushing, paw
ing, snorting patriots and- write his
name high on the pillar of fame.
There was riot and rebellion in the
State of his nativity. Wicked and
perverse men rose In opposition to a
righteous law, whose object was to de
stroy the sale of vicious and fight-pro
ducing whiskey by sinful avaricious
bar-keepers, and replace this a1Iful
soul-destroying liquor by an ,article
"chemically pure," bearing the pal
metto brand and XXXXeseal.
His patriotic soul burned within him.
Throving aside the fascinating associa
tions of the corner gr-ocery, where he
spent the days of spring time Gentle
Annie, in whittling a soft pine stick
and expectorating tobacco juice, while
his wife chopped wood and toted water,
he sacrificed himself on his country's
bleeding altar, rushed to the front "ac
cepted a position," pinned on his coat
a badge of authority and honor, buckled
about his manly waist a big revolver
and entered the service of his 8 ateat
the miserly and beggarly pIttance of
two dollars a day.
The war was on, the signal was
sounded, the enemy was flaunting the
flag of treason, the:authority of the
State was held In contempt.
The gal'ant defender of the principles
of the great movement rushed to the
front, gallantly risked his life In the
cause of liberty and exalted patriotism
and heroiczally struck a defenceless wo
man, and his name Is-Dispensary
Why Hood's Wiss.
President Lincoln:said, "You cannot
tfool the people a second time." They
5are too quick to recognize real merit or
-lack of it, and cling only to those
things which they find to be what Is
claimed for them.
BIt is especially gratifying that the
fsale of Heod's Sarsaparilia increases
Smost rapidly In those sections where it
-Is best known.
The inference is plain. Hood's Sar
Bsaparilla has proven that It poss ee
Bgenuine merit.'It maintains a high
standard, which others cannot even
approach. It is the people's favorite
blood-purifying and balding up medi
cinue, and Is more popular this year
athan ever before. All this because
EAR TE oTHE8 srDE. =
Iovvrnor TIHma Defends the Auea at
the Clem.n Trstees In .Beard to
Prof. .ewiman's Chardes.
The meeting of the Board of Trus
tees of Clemson College in this city last
night occuring at the same time with
the appearance in the News and Cour
ier of a long and abusive interview
with Colonel Newman has caused the
officers of that Institution to be broughC
prominently before the public mind.
The people of the State learned shat
Colonel Newman's resignation had
been demanded, and then accepted,
but as nothing was said other than the
brief announcement from the Board
that there was lack of harmony be
tween him and the Board of Trustees
and the President of the college, ery
little was known as to the causes
which led to this. The Board did not
give out any stateiient on the subject .
last night and refused to take aa: '>1
eiaI notice of Professor Newman's
terview: As that Interview, however
is aimed altogether at GovernorTli.,
man, a reporter - of The- Register
broached the subject yesterday .and'
asked for an expreesionof opInion frot .
the Governor on the subject. He
"My inclinations were to treat this
man and his interview with silent con
teagpt, just as I do all of the abuse and
misrepresentations of me which is:eon
etantly appearing in the News and
Courier. The editoriat in to-day's
News and Courier, and the interview
itself, are full of insinuations and as
sertions that the authors of both know
to be false. The trustees, as a body,
did not feel disposed to dignifysCol
onel Newman by answering his tirade,
and I would not do so, were It not the f
evident purpose of the News and
Courier to war upon the college, under
the guise of friendship, by attacking
its administration through Newman.
We have nothing to conceelandare re
sponsible to the people, and itis for
their benefit I make this explanatio
In the first place, there-is not amem
ber of the Board or of-the faculty who raR
does,not know that politics haveeer
had anything to do with the actions of
the Board of Truse, least of alt with
Colonel Newman's.zemovaL My con- =
nection with the Board of oe ees.<
ias nothing to do with ?1t'
Governor. I am a lifemember -
Mr. Clemson's will, andso far front .
trustees being "puppets" to -do my
bidding and wreak vengeance forpolit
lea derence, it well
have on several occasions in ta
grav6importance been outvoted, ad
seen things that I did not approve;re
celve the sanction of the Board. 'We
are a hard-headed setind every man
does his own thinking."'
"Governor, what was the trouble
about -the water works and edaad
"T1hose were mere Incidents of Pro
fessor Newman's removal, and not the
canse. Why, so far as the stand pipe
business is concerned, .two-thirds of
those who voted to call fer his resigna
tion voted to sustain him In that mat
"What was the vote calling for his
"It was sixto four, and the movero of
it a man who.Is not a Reformer In polk.
"How did the vote stand for accept
lng the resignation?"
"Eight to four, and the division was
not along political lines."
"Why did the Beard not give Pro
lessor Newman a hearing?"
"Beaus there were no charges
against him except from trustees
"What was the matter-with him and
"He would neither obey orders or en
operate with the President, although
the Board of Trustees had placed the
President in absolute control of all the
"In what way did his behavior die
please the Board?"
"Well, that's too long a story, and It
Is not necessary togolinto particulars. K
We recognize Colonel Newman's abill
ty, but he never recognized anybody
else's right or ability, but thought he
knew Is all. After his resignation had
been called for, there was a possibility I
of matters being adjusted, had he
shown any spirit of subordination, but
Instead of this he wrote a most out
rageous and insulting letter to one of
the trustees between the meetings of -
the Board, and that fizer't. His un- -
dignified and ungentemaaly attack on
President Craighead shows what man
ner of man he be."
"Has the episode created any divi
slon among the trustees?'
"No. There is perfeet harmony, and
the News and Courier, which has
always been known as the enemy of '
the college, can keep its advice and Its
sage observations as to our duties, to it
self. We neither want any advice or
pretence of friendship from that
source. The people have confidene'a
the trustees and success of the college
thus far is aguarantee we can takeA
care of it without any help from the
News and Courier."
"Onemorequestion, Governor: Why
did the Board bind themselves to s- -
"It was to spare Colonel Newman.
We did not want to injure his chances
of getting educational work else
Pretty Heavy Tax Now.
Bullion-Well, if tis income tax goes
throughI supposewe shall have to get
Billion-It won1tc eely1c tiring on
my pr ogtue oT
Billion-No, siree. Ihaveasoisty wife.