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1ThST A RTJTSIIFJD 1865. ~NEWBRRYl S., WEDNESDAY,9UY2,19.PIC 1~jAYA
THE CAMPAIGN WEEK
AN ANGRY UPROAR OCCURS AT EDGE
Lively12Liderto at Barnwell and Aiken
TtIman is ' Hands Ofr" as to Ellarbe
and Evans Larry Gantt Scored by
BARNWELL, S. C., July 17.-Gov
ernor Tillman annnunced today thal
neither Evans nor Ellerbe was entitled
to a place on his coat tails in the gub
eruatorial handicap. The campaigu
meeting here today elicited some inter
esting contributions to the general mi
up in reform polit'cs.
Gubernatorial Candidate Ellerbe an
nounced that Tillman was largely re
sponsible for his being in the race, and
called upon the governor to "enumer
ate"'himself, as some wag did with
The governor's specifications were
not very detailed, but he informed thE
Marion swamp fox and the Aiken game
cock that; they must light it out be
tween themselves, ind that he wa.
It begins to appear as if matters are
coming to a bead in the gubernatorial
There were about 800 people here to
day. The meeting was held under thf
trees whereon the eight negroes were
lynched five six years ago, and the
platform is made memorable as being
that upon which Governor Tillman,
.two years ago, at the firsc meeting ol
the campaign, declared he would, a.
governor, le,%d a mob to lynch a negrc
% ho raped a white woman.
General Ellerbe, referring to an arti
cle in the Laurens rierald, an Evans
organ; charging that there was nc
longer doubt of his treachery to Till
man, said that this was the first time
he bad been called a traitor and nc
man dared characterize him so to hi
face. -He had been the personal and
political friend of Tillman ever siuc
he began his fight, nine years ago, and
he would ask if Tillman had evei
doubted it. He challenged the Herald
to prove him guilty of treachery.
ELLERBE JUMPS ON GAYTT.
Ellerbe said that Larry Gantt mis
represented him in regard to favoring
a snapshot convention. Before ex
pressing himself concerning such a con
vention he had visited Governor Till
man, as representative of the reform
movement, and found that he favored
an early convention. The Governoi
afterwards changed his mind. Ellerb(
denied having attended any caucus al
Wright's Hotel in Columbia as charged
by Gantt. The only one he attended
was at Tillman's house, and no mah
was mentioned for governor. As tc
Gantt's charge that he attended the
Sunday caucus in Spartanburg, Ellerbe
said that be, W. D. Evans, Neal, Shell
and McLaurin were in the parlor fo
several hours during a rain, but did
not discuss the governorship. On thai
day Neal asked Shell and McLauri i
a-ey were going to vote for Tillmat
for the Senate, and they replied "Yes.'
"Fellow citizens," Ellerbe continued,
I" dislike to say what I am going t
do, but I won't stand slander and mis
representation any longer, and I wil
tell you whose candidate I am: Severa
leaders of the Alliance and Reforn
movement, Governor Tillman amonf
them, asked me to make this fight, anc
I agreed to only after I had told then
I wished they would get another far
ier, as my health was not good then
I want to know how_ it is these met
continue misrepresenting me. Till
man said the people wanted a farmel
for governor, and I was persuaded t<
make the tight."
A voice-"Why do the conservativel
Ellerbe-"I don't know. I woul<
rather have the good will of a dog thai
his bad will. If they vote for me witl
the expectation that I will compromnise
the principles of the Reform party the2
will be badly mistaken."
Ellerbe urged the people not to turr
the farmers' movement into a iawyers
movement by electing Evans. He wa:
loudly applauded throughout bh:
LIKE A 'POSSUM DOG.
John Gary Evans was the next t<
speak. He compared Ellerbe to a 'pos
sum dog that had to be pulled into thb
race by the ears, and jerked out by the
tail. Ellerbe talked about Allianc
principles, but bad quit the Alliano
to make money.
A voice-" Well, you want to maki
some too." (Laughter.)
Governor Tiliman unlimbered him
self to explain things. He said he wa:
glad to have two such friends as Eller
be anid Evans, anid either one woul<
make a good governor for South Carc
lina, "but I don't want either one ti
say he is my candidat<>. You knov
who you want, and it is none of m,
business." The governor declared tha
Ellerbe was mistaken in saying tha
he favored an early convention of RE
formiers. He had favored a convenJ
tion snme time or other in order to se
leet one man among the Reform candi
dates to pit againist the antis. He ha<
nothbing to do with the caucus tha
called it. An effb;rt had recently beel
made to call it ofi'. "Why, I do n.
ktnow. You can gu1esr"
Trhe committee refused to riscin
the call, and intimated thereby to t b
people that they were not going to giv
the antis an opportunity to get int
power. The governor exonerated El
lerbe from attending any caucus 1
SIMPLY ExCoU'RAGED ELLERBE.
"As for my bringing out Ellerbe fo
governorn," said Governor Tiliman,
-have this to say: There had been tal]
of a farmer for governor, and I hai
t.een giving lawyers the devil now an<
Iben, and wben Ellerbe mentioned tb
matter to me I asked him where ther
was a farmer to bring o'ut. He name
several and I said I didn't believe tb
people would elect any of them.
then said, 'why don't you run?'
told him if he did I would 'hands ofi
A voice-"Evans will get my vote.
The governor-"All right. Vote fc
him if you want to, but don't do so he
cause he is my candidate, for TilImal
would be equally satisfied with either.
A voice-"Tillman is the head of th
whole damn business." (Laughter.)
The governor abused Judge Simor
ton right anid left, deec!.ring that whel
Judge Bond died, Receiver Chamber
lain, of the Southb Carolina road, sen
word to New York: "Here's a bull;
'fellow. He will do our dirty worl
every time," and Cleveland appointe
Simonton in Bond's Place.
A voice-"How about the Chicag
Tillman-"There's a lot of devilmen
among those judges up there, to(
They in famously usurped power whie
they forbid men to quit work."
Genera! Butler only ispoke five mit
utes on account of the terrific rait
He pleaded for peace and harmon'
declaring that Tillman did not wat
.unity and that he could live onlyi
AN ATTEMPT AT HOWLING DOWN
TILLMAN AND THE DISPENSARIES.
AIKEN, S. C., July 18.-"I am going
to open the dispensaries on the 1st of
August, I think," said Governor Till
man in his campaign speech here to
This announcement and an attempt
to howl down General Butler and the
Governor's vitriolic attack on Cleve
land and the Democracy constitute
about all of the interest developed in
the meeting. There were 1,000 persons
pre ent and they were disposed to be
orderly, with a few exceptions.
G-neral Butler stated that he was
glad personalities had been dropped,
and be hoped Tillman would not throw
any rocks at him any more, as be
(Butler) was bound to hit him about
thirty-nine times in return as sure as
"Tillman! Tillman! Tillman!" rang
out from many throats, led by a few
obstreperous fellows, and for a while
nothing else could be heard.
"Oh, I understand that, but you are
not going to howl me down," cried
At this the shouts were redoubled,
but they caught a tartar. General
Butler caught sight of a howler with a
committee badge on and he pitched
into him. "You have no right," he
'shouted, "to stand there with a com
mittee badge and howl me down, and
you shall not do it."
NOT TO BE HOWLED DOWN.
Chairman Gaston started to take
hold of the crowd, but General Butler
waved him back and said he was going
to speak if he had to stay there till
night. The General looked at one or
two fellows who were still lustily shout
ing for Tillman and told them if there
was any person who had anything
personal against him he would give
him all the fight he wanted after the
"I am not going to be bully-ragged,"
he declared. "I see through the whole
business. I saw it this morning and
saw these men were put there for the
purpose. But you can just make up
your minds that I am going to speak."
There was fire in the General's eye,
and the bowlers quailed before the old
warrior, and his determined talk soon
A Voice-Shake hands with me and
say that Wall street owns e United
General Butler-I won't doanything
of the kind, because it is not true.
[Applaue.] It does not own me. There
is not enough money in the United
States to buy me,with all your rings and
cliques, and whoever says the Senators
were bought by Wall street commits a
deliberate slander upon them, no
matter who be is."
TILLMAN IS Vi[OLENT.
In his speech Governor Tillman said
that Cleveland had commended the
formation of national Democratic
leagues in the South, as it would help
make the people redeem their pledges.
"My God," the G-vernor continued,
why does a man have so much cheek?
What has become of the Democratic
platform on which he was nominated?
As soon as he got in office he carried
out the trade he made with those
bondholders, scoundrels and thieves of
Wall street. He called Congress to
gether and used his patr'onage to seduce
and debaunch and buy enough Con
gressmen and Senators to demonetize
silver by the repeal of the purchasing
clause of tue Sherman act.
IN A BAD WAY.
"Who can trust such thieves and
sconndrels as they are? Whbo wilt care
to go in anotber Democratic conven
tion, with them? He and his minority
of Democoratic traitors are cheek by
jowl with Sherman, the arch devil of
the Republican party, in this conspiracy
against the people, and are united to
squeeze and rob them. These people
w bo quit thbe Democratic party in the
West quit too soon. I had a mighty
strong leaning that way himself. But
Cleveland has now shown that he re
gards us as his bond slaves, to be
robbed in the interest of the people in
that part of the United States where
he lives. I say to you when Butler
say the Democratic party has not had
a fair chance, he knows it has, and
that it has failed to redeem its pledges.
Now we are in the woods and the
Democratic party is broken to pieces.
They are trying to pull the old hulk
together, hut I tell you that the elec
tion next November will show that the
Republicans and Poptilists will gain
eveythng'and the Democratic party
will lose every thing,"
SENSATIONA L INCIDENTS IN TH E COUN
- TY OF THE CANDIDATES.
IEDGEFIELD, S. C., July 19.-The
campaigners have escaped Edgefield
with w hole bones, and they are devout
ly thankful for a safe deliverance. It
had been said that when we reached
this "land of fights and funerals" we
would tind a people withb the devil in
tem. And thbat devil was as big as an
-DIanger lurked in the bre'ze that
fanned thbe cheeks of the 1,200 persons
assembled in Academy Grove to-day.
T 'he atmosphere was surcharged with
iit and it needed only one more thunder
tlap to condense it into the leaden bail
of death that would have scattered its
pellets on fair women and brave umen
alike. Two years ago we had something
eof the si me sort of rumpus, but it was
'not as danger-fraught as was thbe mJeet
ing to-day. Somet>ody remarked that
ibtis was a qtuit t meeting for Edge.
ield but circumstantial evidentes is
"again" this and a wbole family could
be found across the Savannah that
would unite in calling it asort of "h
b rokeloosein-Georgia" affair. That
the meeting was not transformed into
a carnival of blood was a mercy. It all
occurred over an insult to Gen. Butler
eto whbich he gave the lie. He hurled it
point blank at a matn on the stand, anid
in an instant the plat form wasoccupied
by an enraged crowd of bot h factions.
The man's political friends backed him
up while Butler's friends sprang to his~
;,side and repeated his denunciation.
Pistols were clasped and a deadly pre.
cipitate was looked for. Angry words
were excbanged and for several mmn
utes fate trembled in the balance. It
seemed as if some of the very flower of
Edgetielo's figh tingstock had gathbered
here. There were Hammond and
Townes and Hardy and Bladon and
Reese and H olland and Scot t and many
-others. The com mendable bearing of
Sboth Governor Tillman and Genera]
Butler was probably what calmed the
storm. A single word or lo0k that
might have escaped them in the excite
ment of the occasion might have red.
"dened the grove with blood, but they
went to work to calm the hot, suJrging
passions, and men came to their senses
Right here I wish to call attention to
and protest against the habit of allow.
ing men to crowd upon and all around
the stand during the speaking. It is a
fact that there has been the best order
SIat those meetings where the chairman
have roped ofT a dead line iround the
stand and insisted that the crowd hold
its base. Tbecandidates and newspaper
men have enough to do in trying to
keep cool and attend to business with
out being bemmed in by a miscellane
Had it not been for this crowd on
the stand to-day it is very probable
that there would not have been any
trouble, for the man who started it was
perched up on the platform shooting
off his mouth right and left. Thp wo
men of Edgefield are dead game. W hat
ever may be said of men who forget
themselves so far as to start a blooty
fight when. women and children are in
The thick of it, there is no doubting the
high courage of these ladies. There
were scores of them here to-day, and
they acted like heroines in the presence
of impending danger. General Butler
acted like an old Roinan to-day. While
the maddening throng was encircling
him he told them be could not be in
timidated by the blatant bleatings of
wild jackasses. A white man and a
negro became involved in a difficulty
during Gen. Ellerbe's speech and for a
few moments there was some indication
of a more serious row, but it ended in
the negro, who works on Gen. Butler's
plantation, being cut in the arm and
the white man being led away.
TILLMAN AT HAMBURG.
A second ebullition was looked for
when Gen. Butler read an affidavit of
seven men as to Gover nor Tillman not
being in the fight at Hamburg, inas
much as the Governor had previously
announced that he would prove the
men who made the affidavit liars, but
this ended in smoke. The Governor
read a counter-affidavit signed by
eighteen men and now it's all settled
cock sure both ways and everybody is
COUNTY CHAIRMAN TIMMERMAN
was as modest as a woman to-day and
as he presided over the meeting, which
be did gracefully and well, and did not
speak in behalf of his own candidacy.
THE GENERAL'S TREAT.
Gen. Butler provided a splendid bar
becue for the crowd and everybody had
a good dinner. Messrs. Holland and
Xeese were the caterers and they cooked
things brown. They fed nearly 700
The crowd is claimed for both But
ler and Tillman and not unreasonably
by either, as it was well divided and a
correspondent with a conscience is not
prepared to swear which faction was
numerically the greater.
WILD OVER TILLMAN.
[The following is taken from the
I Columbia Register's account of the
Governor Tillman was greeted when
be advatced to the front with a tu
mult of applause, wild cheering and a
waving of bats. His partisans rose to
their feet and jumped in the air and
I have known Governor Tillman for
years and have reported many a speech
of his, but I never saw a tear in his
eye until to-day. It came when be
opened his speech by saying that his
heart was filled with gratitude to the
people of Edgefield, to home people,
those who bad stood by him on every
occasion. He talked of his previous
campaigns and of what he has done
for the people.
Voice: "How is it that taxes are
Tillman: "They are not and you
Governor Tillman said that the peo
ple are divided, but it was through no
fault of his. He said that Butler now
spoke of the antis and the uncles. He
told how the uncles bad been imposed
on for years until they rebelled. Butler
is hustling to get the votes of the
uncles, but will not get them. "If ever
a man tried to ride two horses, my
friend, the General is that man. He
has lost the love .and respect- of the
men who supported Sheppard, but
they are going to support him because
tey hate me.
One of the proudest days of his life
Governor Tillman said, was when the
Edgefield Rifies.came to bis. assistance
during the Darlington trouble and
were followed on the next train by the
Edgefield Hussars. Irrespective of po
litical feeling, the men of Edgefield
A literal volcano of applause follow
ed the Governor's remarks on this sub
Mr. Tindal advises, said Governor
Tillman, that the uncles allow the
antis to come tback into the family. I
don't object if they are penitent and
honest;.and if they no longer claim to
be the best people on earth. For God's
sake let's have peace if these people
really want it."
The Governor turned his attention
to national politics and said that:a
shaking up of thbe antis in Washington
is needed. (Laughter and applause.)
Taking a silver dollar from bis pocket,
Governor Tillman said: "The News
and Courier and those other little flee
dos say this is a dishonest dollar."
Voice-"Hand it over here; I will
About fifteen minutes was given to
national aflairs and ended his speech
by saying to Butler: "I want to notify
you that unless you withdraw your
accusation that I ran at Hamrburg 1
am prepared to prove that the men
who make that charge are liars." The
Governor said this in the most dra
matic manner imaginable and sat
down amid a whirlwind of applause,
and a waving of hats which was
Senator Butler, who was sitting in
his chair, turned to Tillman and band
edbim the certificate which appears
Tillman told him to read it when his
time came and he (Tillman) would
read thbe one he had.
Four or five beautiful bouquets were
handed Governor Tillman.
Butler was received with strong ap
plause. He said that there was appre
hension all over the State that thbe men
of Edgefield would get the devil in
them to-day, but he believed there
would be good ordt r. With pathos in
his words, Butler said he was glad to
see so many of the fair daughters of
Butler made a fervent appeal foi
peace and for the cessation of bickering
General Butler said that he endorsed
the noble sentiments of Mr. Tindal.
He endorse-d every word and believed
that Tindal's advice could be accepted
by every man of every faction.
Tillman, General Butler said, ae~
cused him of riding two horses. If he
(Butler) was any judge Tillman isrid*
Tillman: "But keeping in the mid.
dIe of the road."
Butler: "Yes, but allow yourself
plenty of margin on each side."
"How much sugar has he put it
your gourd?" asked Butler of' the an
Voice: "How much nave you put in
there during eighteen years in the Sen
ISenate?" (Counter cheers and ap
Bulr ''iS~. Just keep quiet now. ]
know I am hitting you in sore places,
but you must take it."
Butler jumped on Tillman harder
than he has for days and accused him
of being stingy and penurious. He
ebarged Tillman with not paying his
subscription to a Reform paper.
The yells and applause for Tillman
partially drowned Butler's voice and
the noise was terrific.
When it was over Butler said that
every time he bit Tillman the Govern
or's supporters wince and try to drown
his voice by cheering.
Butler said he bad been riding only
one horse since 1876 and that horse was
the deliverance of the people. He told
what he hd done in 1876 and of his
participation in the Hamburg riot.
THE ROW BEGINS.
While speaking of the Hamburg riot
H. A. Townes asked Butler if his (But
ler's) house had not been t'urned by
negroes because he took part in the riot.
"Yes," answered Butler.
J. 0. Atkinson, a Tillmanite, who
standing on the stand to the right of
Butler, said: "Yes, but you denied it
Butler turned like a panther and
said: "That is a lie; an infernal lie."
If he had stopped at this there might
not have been any trouble at that time,
but be repeated what he said several
Men began to surge toward the stand
wbile Butler continued his denuncia
tion. In an instant Charles Ham
mond jumped upon the stand, followed
by H. A. Townes, each with his band
resting un the 6utt of his pistol in bis
hip pocket. It was then that the des
perate men of toth sides jumped upon
the stand and those of less- courage
Hammond and Townes got behind
Butler, and Tillman's friends crowded
around him. The antagonists began
to glare at each other and to talk in
strong language to each other. Pistols
were changed from one pocket to the
other to be convenient for quick use.
It waa a' squally time. The excite
ment was beyond description.
Atkinson did not move one inch
from where hebad been standing. He
was surrounded by excited men.
General Butler quickly recovered his
wits anri worked masterfully to check
the riot which seemed imminent. Till
man did licewise. Each appealed to
the men of both sides to stop jowering.
They begged those trying to get on the
stand to stay off and those who were
already on to get off.
Among some of the men toying with
their pistols were several known to
have been in thrilling affrays and noted
for coolness and recklessness.
The uproar :ontinued for what ap
peared to be ten minutes. During this
time the hundreds of men who had re
mained on the stand had gotten ready
I know it to be a fact that almost
every man had singled out a target for
his pistol and merely awaited the sig
nal to turn loose.
The excitement gradually subsided,
but was really oppressed.
Butler resumed his speech to try to
get the audience back to its former dis
position. He gradually grew salty
again and there was another outbreak
of cheering for Tillman. Butler got
mad again and said there was an at
tempt to drown his voice with their
braying. "Any common jackass," he
said vehemently, "may bray, but I do
not propose to be stopped in free speech
by a lot of blatant jackasses. I have
seen too much of real danger to be in
*"Governor Tillman says I am not in
this race. He says he will beat me. I
say if he will leave out his rings and
give me a separate box I will beat him
three to one. I will beat him three to
one in Merriwether Township, where
both of us live."
Butler charged Tillman with being a
ring and caucus man and said it was
charged that there is a ring controlling
the gubernatorial race. Tillman, he
said, had not denied this charge.
Turning to Tillman, Butler exclaim
ed: "I dare y.u-I dare you, sIr, to
give me a primary. You will-never do
it because you are afraid. Even rings
won't save you."
Butler attacked Tillman for his de
nunciation of Cleveland.
Butler took from his pocket the cer
tificate relating to TiHmnan at Ham
burg. He said that he had not con
sidered it a matter of much importance
and had not intended to refer to it
again, but as Tillman demanded it he
would give it. The certificate is as fol
"This is to certify that at Hamburg,
July, 1875, we, the undersigned, were
present, and that Mr. B. R. Tillman
was not seen by any one of us when the
firing began. That we were in the
thickest of it from start to finish, and
if he had been there we should have
seen him, and certainly did not after
te firing began.
(Signed)-"W. H. Hammond, T. P.
Hammond, L. V. Strom, H. D Strom,
John M. Hightower, G. W. Walker,
Jos. B. McKie, John A. Butler."
The readirg of the certificate finish
ed, Butler sat down.
The Governor waited a few seconds
and walked to the front. His eyes
were flashing. He read the following
certificte, refuting the charges of the
otes* "Aiken County, S. C.
"To all concerned: This is to certify
that on the night of the Hamburg riot,
in 1876, we, the undersigned, were in
the town of Bamburg from the begin
ning to the end of said riot, and that we
know of our own knowledge that B.
R. Tillman staid in said town and did
his whole duty until the ending of the
(Signd)-Henry Girzen, L. WV.
Reese, J. 0. Holder, W. H. H. Butler,
J. C. Hammond, P. 0. Thurmon, L.
D. Reese, G. W. Medlock, J. F. Atkins,
S. B. Mays, T. A. Hays, J. A. Tim mer
man, S. W. Miller, WV. F. Roper, J. C.1
Lanhamn, J. A. Vvhite, Timmerman,
W. F. Dobey."
(Some of thbese men are Butlerites.)
As the Governo~r read each name he
asked the signers if tbe were not with
with him, and they answered in the
Another row was expected at any
minute during the reading of the cer
tificate, but it did not materialize.
A large number of men who had not
signed the certificate shouted to Till
man: "Yes, you were there. We were
with you and saw you."
The Hamburg riot incident was
wound up by thbe following from Gov
ernor Tillman: "If any man doubts
that (referring to thbe certificate) let
him meet me on the public square."
While Tillman was reading, ten or
fifteen of his friends surrounded him.
A whirlwind of applause followed him
and a hundred of his admirers warmly
shook his hand.
The scrofulous taint which may
have been in your blood for years, may
be thoroughly expelled by giving
Hood's Sarsa 'l. a trial.
TAKES A HAND.
President Cleveiand is at Last Pushing the
Tariff, and Wants at Least One
Fledge Redeemed. .
WASHING'rON, July 19.-The follow
ing is President Cleveland's letter to
Representatives Wilson read as a part
of his remarks in the House this after
"Executive Mansion, Washington,
July 19, 1894.-(Personal.)-Hon. Wil
liam L. Wilson-My Dear Sir: The
certainty that a conference will be
ordered between the two Houses of
Congress for the purpose of adjusting
differences on the subject of tariff legis
lation makes it also certain that you
will be again called on to do hard ser
vice in the cause of tariff reform.
"My public life has been so closely
related to the su1ject; I have so longed
for its accomplistment, and I have
so often promised its realization to
my fellow countrymen as a result of
their trust and confidence in the Dem
ocratic party that I hope no excuse is
necessary for my earnest appeal to you
that in this crisis that you strenuously
insist upon party honesty and good
faith and stidy adherence to Demo
cratic principles. I believe these abso
lutely necessary to the constitution of
"I cannot rid myself of the feeling
that ibis conference will present the
best, if mot the only hope of true Dem
ocracy. Indications point to its action
as tbe reliance of those who desire the
genuine truitioH of Democratic effort,
the fulfillment of Democratic pledges
and the redemption of Democratic
promises to the people. To reconcile
differences in the details comprised
within the fixed and well defined lines
of principle will not be the sole task of
the conference, but as it seems to be,
its members will also have in charge
the question whether Democratic prin
ciples themselvea are to be saved or
abandoned. There is no excuse for
mistakiug or misapprehending the
feeling and the temper of the rank and
file of the Democracy. They are down
east under the assertion that their
party fails in ability to mansge the
govern ment, and they are apprehensive
that efforts to bring out tariff reform
may fail, but they are much more
downcast and apprehensive in their
fear that Democratic principles may be
THE PEOPLLE DID LOOK TO CONGRESS.
"In these circumstances they cannot
do otherwise than to look with confi
dence to you and those who, with you,
have patriotically and sincerely cham
pioned the cause of tariff reform within
Democratic lines, guided by Demo
cratic principles. This confidence is
vastly suggested by the action, under
your leadership of the House of Repre
sentatives upon the bill now pending.
Every true Democrat aad every sincere
tariff reformer knows that this bill, in
its present form and as it will be sub
mitted, to the conference, falls far short
of the consummation for which we
have long labored; for which we have
suffered defeat wit bout discouragement;
which,n its _anticipation gave us a
rallying cry in our day of triumph, and
which in its promise of accomplish
meLt is so interwoven with Democratic
pledges and Democratic success that
our abandonment of the cause or the
principles upon which it rests means
party perfidy and party dishonor.
"One topic will be submitted to the
conference which embodies Democratic
principle so directly that it cannot be
compromised. We have in our plat
form, and in every way possible, de
clared in favor of the free importation
of raw materials. We have again and
again promised that this should be
accorded to our people and our manu
facturers as soon as the Democratic
party was invested with the power to
determine tbe tariff policy of the coun
try. The party now has the power.
We are as certain to-day as we have
ever been of the great benefit that
would accrue to the country from the
inauguration of this policy and nothing
has occu red to release us from our
people. It must be admitted that no
tariff measure can accord with Demo
ratic principles and promises, or bear a
genuine Democratic badge that does
not provide for free raw material. In
the circumstances it may well excite
our wonder that Democrats are willing
to depart from this, the most Demo
cratic of all tariff principles; and that
the inconsistent absurdity of such a
proposed departure should be empha
sized by the suggestion that the wool
of the farmer be put on the free list and
the protection of taxation be placed
around the iron ore and coal of corpora
tion and capitalists. How can we face
the people after indulging in such out
ragious discriminations and violations
A PLEA FOR SUGAR.
"It is quite apparent thisquestion of
free raw material does not admit of
adjustment on any middleground, since
teir subjection to any rate of taxation,
great or small, is a like violation of
Democratic principle and Democratic
"I hope that you will not consider it
intrusive if I say something in relation
to another subject which cau hardly
fail to be troublesome to thbe conference.
I refer to the adjustment of tariff taxa
tion on sugar. Under our party plat.
form, and in accordance with our de
cared party purposes, sugar is a legiti
mate and logical article of revenue
taxation. Unfortunately, however, in
cidents have a'companied certain
stages of thbe legislation which will be
submitted to the conference that have
aroused in connection with this subject
a natural Democratic animosity to the
methods and manipulations of trusts
and combina.tions. I confess to sharing
in this feeling, yet, it seems to me, we
ought, if possit>le, to sufficiently free
ourselves from prejudice to enable us
coolly to weigh the considerations
which in formulating tariff legislation
ought to guide our treatment of sugar
as a taxable article. Whbile no tender
ness should be entertained for trusts,
and while I am decidedly opposed to
granting, under guise of taxation, and
opportunity to further their pecular
methods, I suggest that we ought not
to be driven away from the Democratic
principle and policy which leads to the
taxation of sugar by the fear, quite
likely exaggerated, that in carrying out
this principle and policy we may in
directly and inordinately encourage a
combination of sugar retining interests.
I know that in present conditions this
is a delicate subject, and I appreciate
the depth and strength of the feeling
which its treatment has aroused. I do
not believe we should do evii that good
may come, but it seems to me, that we
would not forget that our aim is the
completion of a tariff and taxing sugar
for proper purposes and within reasou
able bounds. Whatever else may be
said of our action, we are in no danger
of running counter to Democratic prin.
ciple. With all at state there must be
in the treatment of this article some
ground upon which we are all will.ing
+ to tnd, where tolation and conclia
tion may be allowed to solve tbe prob
lem without demanding the entire sur
render of fixed and conscientious con
THE PARTY'S WILL BE DONE.
"I ought not to be prolong this letter.
If what I have written is unwelcome,
I beg you to believe in my good inten
tions, In the conclusion of the con
ference touching the numerous items
which will be considered the people
are not afraid that their interests will
be neglected. They know that the
result, so far as these are concerned,
will be to place home necessaries and
comforts easier within their reach and
to insure better and surer compensa
tion to those who toil.
We all know that a tariff covering all
the varied interests and conditions of a
county as vast as oirs must of necessity
be largely the result of honorable ad
justment and honorable compromise.
I expect very few of us can say when
our measuie is perfected that all its
features are entirely as we would
"You know how much I deprecated
the incorporation into the proposed
bill of the incomq tax feature. In a
matter of this kind, however, which
does not violate a fixed and recognized
Democratic doctrine we are willing to
defer to the judgment of a majority of
our Democratic brethren. I think
there is a general agreement that this
is the party duty. This is more palpably
apparent when we realize that the
business of our country timidly stands
and watches for the result of our efforts
to perfect tariff legislation; that a quick
and certain turn of prosperity waits
upon a wise adjustment, and that a
con fiding people still trust in our hands
their prosperiLy and well being.
"The Democracy of the country
pleads earnestly for the speedy comple
tion of the tariff Legislation which our
Representatives have undertaken, ut
they demand not less earnestly that no
stress of necessity shall tempt those
they trust to the abandoment of Demo
cratic principle. Yours very truly,
PROVED HIS SHEILD BULLET-PROOF.
W. J. F. Leonard of Brooklyn Was a Tar
get for ap5-Calibre Ballet.
[New York Times.]
W. J. F. Leonard of Brooklyn yester
day strapped on his breast a shield of
his own invention, with himself as a
target al with WilliamF. Richards as
marksman, proved that the shield was
proof against a forty-five-calibre bellet
fired from a repeating rifle at a dist4nce
of thirty-six feet.
This and other tests were made in
presence of a large number of spectators
in Atlantic Park, Prospect Place and
Rlph Avenue, Brooklyn. A commit
tee examined the shield the rifle, and
the cartridge, and pronounce the test
genuine. The bullet s rock the shield
about in its centre and penetrated it
not more than half an inch.
Mr. Leonard says that the shock was
very slight, not sufficient, in fact, to
cause him to stagger. He showed to a
reporter--for- tbe-Times a number
of bullets which had beed shot into his
shield. They were all flattened. Some
of them looked as though pieces had
been torn from them when they
peneterated the sheild, while others
eppeared as if they has been melted,
so great was the force with which they
Mr. Leonard's shield, which he de
clares has no iron, steel or metal of any
kind in it, is made of acotnbination of
cotton, felt , wool and a compound of
mineral and vegetable matter. It is
lI inches thick, 13 by 17 inches on its
urface, and weighs 11 pounds. Herr
Dowe's weighs 16 pounds.
Before Mr. Leonard adjusted his
shield for the final test, he placed it
and another one upon dummies and
had five shots fired at themi, none of
whbic pased through. For the purpose
of showing in public the penetrating
power of the ammunitIon which he in
tended to use he erected an iron-backed
target, consisting of twenty-seven one
inch pine boards fastened side by side,
and had It shot at. The t'ullet passed
through the wood and drove the iron
from its fastening. He then make the
test by wearing the sheild under fire.
Mr. Leonard says that he has been
at work on his invention for two years,
but not with the idea of having it used
as a shield for soldiers. His invention
was originally to perfect something
that could be applied to men of-war in
place of heavy plates. His invention
he-believes will be of immense value
when applied to light-built war vessels
as it will prevent penetration and will
add but slightly to their weight. He
said he would not have brought his
shield to public notice at present had it
not been for Herr Dowe's claim for his
Mr. Leonard lives with his wife and
family in a cottage at Park Place and
Schenectady avenue, Brooklyn.
politics in Newberry.
There are all sorts of political rumors
afloat. Slates, combinations, trades,
unions, caucuses among the various
factions, by day and by night. With
out endorsing, repudiating, contradict
ing, defending or denouncing them
(because of not knowing "where they
are at"), we simply state them for
what they may be worth. It is hinted
that some alleged Reformers expect to
go to the Legislature by Conservative
votes; that some alleged Reformers
have made a bargain wit h Butlerites;I
that a few Prohibitionists would like
to go to the Legislature as a proof of
their devotion to the temperance cause;
that the Conservatives are using the
Prohibitionists as a blind and as tools;
tat the Conservatives and Butlerites
will concentrate their strength on one or
more alleged Reformers; that there has
been a caucus of some of the leading
Conservatives; that there has been a
caucus amorig the Reformers; that the
Reformers will unite on three certain
men, who can be depended upon to
vote for Tillman for Senator; that the
Conservatives will all be Butlerites at
the proper time; that Keitt and Son
would both like to be Senator, and that
Kett or Son will be in that race; that
the Prohibitionists, anti-Prohibition
ists, Conservatives, Haskellites, Till
manites, Populists, and those who are
simply anti anything or everything
just for the sake of being anti, would
all like to know just exactly what the
others are going to do; that the Con
servatives are playing a 'possum game.
We don't know w bet her we bave it all
down or not; or if any or all of it is
true or not; but we do know that nearly
every other man you meet.-with now is
politically untruthful, so matter what
faction he belongs to.
"Have tried others, but like Ayer's
best" is the statement made over and
over again by those who testify to thbe
benefit derived from the use of Ayer's
Sarsaparilla. Disease never had a
greater enemy than this pbwerful blood
purfi. t makes t.he weak strongt.
THE PROSPEROUS C. N. & L.
Annual Meeting of the Stockholders-Off.
LTbe State, 19th.]
Yesterday the annual meeting of th
stockholders' of the Columbia, New.
berry and Laurens railroad was held
in this city in the office of the presi
dent of the campany. The report ol
the president was presented, and-while
no figures were made public, the state
ment was made that the road had been
more successfnl financially during the
past year than it has ever been. The
road, under its term lease with the
Coast Line and Seaboard Air Line sys
tems, is now being operated by the At
lantic Coast Line system, the Seaboard
Air Line system having operated it
during the past year.
The following board of directors was
elected for the ensuing year, all being
members of the old board except Mr.
R. A. McCreery, who succeeded Mr. C.
W. McCreery: H. Walters, J. R. Ken.
ly, W. G. Elliott and W. A. Riach, all
of Wilmington, N. C.; R. C. Huffman,
of Baltimore, G. S. Mower, of New
berry, J. C. Winder, of Portsmouth,
Va., H. C. Moseley, of Prosperity, and
W. T. Martin, W. A. Clark and R. A.
NfcCreery, of Chlumbia.
The directors at a subsequent meet
ing re-elected Mr. W. G. Childs, the
efficient president of the road, and Mr.
H. C. Moseley, the vice :resident, to
Lheir respective positions.
For Superintendent of Education.
f From the Columbia Register.]
Our State .needs a faithful, earnest
and energetic m9n for the head of her
ommon school department. She needs
a progressive man who knows the
wants of the public schools, and who
will be untiring in his efforts to im
We feel that Newberry Countv has
[ust such a man. Mr. T. W. Keitt, the
present School Commissioner of New
berry County, is in every way well
cuahfied to make a good and progres
ive Superintendent of Education, and
as one who knows his worth we take
pleasure in suggesting him to the Dem
ocracy of the State for the position.
While. we fully appreciate the past
;ervices of our present Superintendent
of Education, and give him credit for
all that he has dose, yet.we feel that
ahanges are frequently in the line of
progress, and in keeping with the spirit
of Democracy. It is to be hoped that
Mir. Keitt will enter the race.
&N ENDORSEMENT FROM FAIRFIELD.
[From the Columbia Register.]
I wish to suggest a man for Superin
tendent of Education, as the only
new candidate thus far for this. most
important position (that of "guardian
of the-youth of the land?) is wholly
anfit in morals as well as intellect. Mr.
Mayfield may be offering for re-election
out of a sense of duty though anxious
The great problem before this State
now is the improvement of the com
mon country schools. An educated
gentleman who lives in the country
and farms, has been a progressive
country school teacher, and is now a
County School Commissioner, distin
guished for activity in devising means
for the greater efficiency of the schools,
a young man in the prime of mental
and physical vigor, such is the man to
feel the educational needs of the farm
ers and of the State and to take charge
of our educational syst- at this time.
If there be such a man,an additional
reason for his elevation is that a worthy
school commissioner should be recog*
nized and able men encouraged to serve
as school commissioners. That man
is Thomas W. Keitt of Newberry. An
able graduate of Virginia Military In
stitute, belonging to a family of the soil
of South Carolina and distinguished in
Alliance ranks, popular, and in touch~
with the, people, he is in no sensea
politician, and if brought out he would
truly be, what candidates often farci
ally claim to-be, put forward by fellow
I have not consulted with him or any
of his friends and he barely knows me.
But one needs only to meet him to
know him, as a modest, but progressive
man-honest, frank, genial, intelligent,
practical and manly. It is hoped that
he will not stand back because of Dr.
Pope's candidacy for Governor. If Dr
Pope stands a good chance of election.
still we want the best man for Super
intendent of Education, even if we
have to honor Newberry, as it has usu
ally been the lot of Edgefleld alone tc
be honored. It is hoped .that the Re
form papers will speak out.
DR. POPE ON THE DISPENSARY.
An Interview in which Governor Tilianan'j
Th~reats, to Reopen the DiRpensary is
Sharply CrItIcised-Does not Wish
to see the People Stirred up.
[From the Columbia Register.)
Dr. - Sampson Pope came to the cit3
yesterday to arrange about issuini
writes of election for two vancan1
Senatorships. The writs are to b4
signed by the President of the Senat4
and by himself as clerk in order thal
the candidates for Senator may be
voted for at thbe coming general elee
tion. T wo Senators-Messrs. Bazard
of Georgetown, and Smythe, of Char
leston-have resigned, and an eleccior
must be held to fill the vacancies.
Dr. Pope was seen by a reporter and
with other matters the liqpor questioz
"What do you think of Governo.
Tillman opening the dispensary, Doc
"I see b)y the papers that at Hamptot
Governor Tillman said that he wouic
open the dispensary in two or threi
weeks. I am sorry to see this, as]
think that it will irritate our peopl4
and possibly may lead to bloodshed
and I cannot see how he can do 5<
without the sanction of a majority o:
the board of control. The Act of 1891
has been declared by the Supreme
Court to be unconstitutional andJ
t hink that it would be much better t<
wait until the Supreme Court meets
in November and test the Act of 1893
which Act is really about the samt
as that of 1892.
"There are cases I believe which wil
come before the Court at that tiw6 ane
it would be better to wait until then
The Legislature will then be in sessior
and if the Court should declare thal
Act unconstitutional the Legislature
could pass an Act disposing of the stoci
on hand and at the same time coule
enact a high license law. I have favore(
the dispensary, but I had rather see i
go forever than cause the loss of a singl
citizens or the sheding of another droi
"Everything is quiet now, our peo
pIe are coming together, why disturi
this peace and quiet? It has beer
demonstrated that prohibition does no
prohibit. At least, let the people hay
a chance at the coming election to pas
upon the matter and settle it for one
your case, if
you're an ova.
Favorite Pre -
of the female
w build up,
ins and bur
ens of ebHil
sures h ,
vigorous offspring, and promote.-an
abundant secretion of nouriAment
on the part of the mother.
It is an invigorating tonic mad.
especially for woman, and the oniy
garanteed remedy for her week.
cesses and ailments. For periodical
pains, bearing-down sensations, di.
placements, and all "female coxa.
pints" and disorders, if it eve
ails to benefit or cure, you have
your money back.
Can you ask more?
For a perfect and perma
nent cure of Catarrh, take Dr.
Sage's Catarrh Remedy. Its
proprietors offer $500 reward
for an incurable case of Ca.
tarrh in the Head.
Can reduce your expenses materially
by purchasing your Groceries, Fruits
and Confectioneries from
H. G. NC F.
You afford to pay fancy prices, when
by comparison you find you can
enough to pay you for the trouble of
investigating the quality and quantit
willget foryou. A fresh, eboicestockof
Syrup, Canned C-oods,
Tobaccos, Cigars, Oranges,
Plain and French Candies,
Look to Your Interest and
Give Me a CalL
H . G. HOOF.
Min Street. Niewberry.
FOR SUMMER WEAR!!
We wish to call your attention to our
line of Summer Fabrics. In every class -
of light weight and attractive style of
Dress Goods, we have a very complete
Fignred Lawn, fast coko........... 5
Figured Colored Swiss...........7
Fancy French Lawns............. 10
Crepe Moire, new weave.........12j
White Dotted Swiss..............10
Black Lawns, new patterns.....10 to 12}
Imported Fancy Dimities.......2
Light Colored Crepe, very styl
ish..........................121 to 15
Merrimac Light Prints...........5
-Simpson's Light Prints..........6
IWhite Goods-Plain Checks, Bro
ken Plaids, Stripes and Fancies
in every style and description
and quality.................6 to 25
Call and See These Things.
Cash or lnstalhuents.
New Machnes Traded for
- Old Ones.
A Well ' Bicycle re
GONZALES & WITHERS,
Golumbia, 8. C.