Newspaper Page Text
ESTABLISHED 1865. NEWBERRY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26,1894. PRICE$1.50A YEAR
TH STATE COU ENTOI.
FULL REPORT OF ITS DOINGS ON
Democracy Discussed, an Omnibus Flat
form and a New Constitution Adopted
A DIRECT PRIMARY GIVEN.
The NomInations Made According to the
Slate--The Demands of the 'True"
Democrats Ignored-Some Dis
app Anted Candidates.
LSpeclal to News and Courier.1
COLUMBIA, S. C., September 19.
There is a political suit in progress for
the copyright to the word "Democracy"
more aggressive and earnest than that
of the Administration for the use of
the word "Palmetto." With this con
ten tion and the touchiness over the use
of the word "Democracy" it would be,
perhaps, difficult to say in technical
political terms what kind of a conven
tion it was that, met here to-day.
The majority c, the delegates were
Reformers, and they iwsi.,ed that every
thing done was Democratic, platform
aid all, while the minority urged and
acted, after the adoption of tbe plat
form, upon the principle that the Con
vention was not Democratic, that its
nominees were not standing upon a
platform built of Democratic timber.
They declined to participate in elee
The minority made a gallant fight
for the adoption of the platform,
undeniably and unequivoc-Ally Demo
eratic, but the unyielding majority was
'wedded to -its Ocala idol. It did not
worship at its shrine as boisterously as
it has done, but it could not, or would
not, renounce it. The organic platform
did not denounce Cleveland, that clause
was. killed in the committee on plat
form, but the d0legates could not neg
le -t the opportunity of imitating Gov
ernor Tillman an"' prod at his figura
tive ribs. -
resolutions of the Convention of
h were received as information,
_t_J - hey might have tempered
tfi of the Convention, for there
was reali as barrah than customary,
but nothing 'more was accomplished.
The platform had been prepared in ad
vance by the leaders, and as indicated
was practically adopted as it was pre
pared at the Jerome Hotel.
- The most important action so far as
the constitution *is concerned is the
provision for a direct State primary
and the consequent abandonment of
The nomination of the State ticket
wasjust about as everyone expected,
execpt the surprise of the defeat of
The standard-bearers of "Reform"
for two years will be:
Governor,* John Gary Evans, of
Lieutenant Govirnor, W. H. Tim
merman, of Edgefield.
Secretary ofState, D. H. Tompkins,
State Treasurer, W. T. C. Bates, of
Attorney General, O. W. Buchanan,
Comptroller General, James Norton,
Superintendent of Education, W. D.
Mayfield, of Greenville.
Adjutant and Inspector General,
John Gary Watts, of Laurens.
Railroad Commissioners, W. D.
Evans, of Marlboro; B. R. Tbomas, of
lSamter; J. C. Wilborn,.of York.
Nominee Evans made a long and
vigorous speech, defending the platform
adopted on the line that it was Demo
cratic, and that with a single exception
the Ocala demands were in the Chicago
platform or had been adopted in some
shape by a Democratic Congress.
The proceedings of this Convention
of Representative Reformers will no
donbt mark an epoch in the political
history of South Carolina, and as usual
The News and Courier gives below a
tall account of the proceedings. The
work of the day, and it-was a busy one,
speaks for itself.
* IEBY AND BUTLER WERE PRESENT.
Both the senior and junior United
States 8enators were at the Conven ion.
Senator Irby was on the floor of the
House and Senator Butler was in the
gallery as a spectator. There were a
great gn3any Columbians present during
-the entire session of tbe Convention.
TH E CONVENTION CA LLED .TO OEDER.
.The Convention was opened by Chair
man Irby shortly afternoon. He called
n the Rev. Dr. S. M. Smith, of Co
-lum ia, to open thesession with prayer.
He delivered a fervent prayer, calling
for unity of action and praying that
the Convention work for the interests
of the people.
Chairman Irby then called for nomi
nat,ions for temporary chairman of the
Mr. Shuman, of Greenville, started
things going for the Piedmont by no
minating Mr. A. H. Patterson. of
The nomination was generally se
conded and Mr. Patterson was elected
by acclamation. When he assumed
control of the Convention he remarked
that the Important work of the Conven
tion would be very much facilitated by
all of the delegates co-operating with
PATYEBSON ON THE ISSUES AT STAKE.
"This," he went on to say, "was one
of the most important conventions
held in the State in many years. It
was an important epoch in the Demo
cratic history of the State. You are not
only called upon to nominate your
State officers and standard bearers,
but you must act upon your constitu
tion as well as upon issues that strike
at the ver life of the Democratic party
in South Crolina. Let me ask you,"
he said, "to conduct your debates in a
respectful and dignified manner." He
aked that the debates be fair, liberal
addirected to t' e welfa e of the party
'.In the State. The party success and
white supremacy, he said, were more
Important than the success of any fac
tion. He asked that all questions be
fairly and squarely met. He was bearti
Mr Patterso is a youngr man and
made a good presiding officer during
his brief period.
Mr. Henry H. Brunson, of Orange
burg, and F. M1. Mixon, of Rieb land,
were elected as secretaries.
THE EOLL OF DELEGATFS.
The roll was made up and upon in
quiry it was developed thbat t bere.were
nocontests,so the roll was accepted withb
outa committee on credentials to pass
C. M. EFIRD, CHAIRMAN.
-As soon as the roll was made up
- Chairman Patterson called for nomina
~tions- for permanent chairman. Dr.
Oscar Rt. Lowman placed bdfore tbe
-Convention the name of the regular
conference nominee, Senator Efird, of
Lexington. Mr. Buist,. of Greenville,
and Mr. 'Montgomery, of Marion, se
conded the nomination of Mr. Efird.
A delegate from Sumter, who thoubt
that the temporary officers were getting
along very well, wanted them to- be
kept in their plac s. Mr. Patterson
said that so far as he was concerned be
hoped that the Convention would not
want him as its permanent chairman,
and that be would very much prefer to
have some one else selected. This
settled the matter, and Mr. Efird was
then unanimously elected by acclama
"NEVER SACRIFICE PRINCIPLES."
Chairman Efird was escorted up to
the chair, and he begged to thank the
Convention for the honor it had con
ferred;upon bim,and through him upon
his county. He said:
"You have assembled as the organ
ized Democracy of South Carolina.
[Applause.]. You, are looked upon as
the men who are the guardians of the
lives and liberties and the property of
South ,Carolina." (Applause.1 The
eyes of the whole State, as well as the
country, he went on to say, were upon
the Convention. The result of to-day's
deliberations was being closely watched
from one end of the land to the other
and he hoped that the delegates would
do what was for the good of the State.
He said that he felt that he expressed
the sentiments of every man in the hall
that he was here doing what he thought
was for the good of the entire State.
"Let me say that there is only one rule
in politics and that is the rule of order
and the rule Of frankness. When men
differ with you in politics give them
a patient hearimg; treat them fair
but never sacrifice principles for which
you have fought and which you think
In conclusion he said that it was
necessary for the Convention to co
operate with him in his work. Nothing
could be done except the nomination
for vice-presidents of the.Convention.
The following were selected: .
First District-Thos. Talbird, of
Second District-S. G. Mayfield, of
Third District-Belton Watson, of
Fourth District-J. D. M. Shaw, of
Fifth District-Ira B Jones, of Lan
Sixth District-J. E. Ellerbe of
Seventh District-D. H. Bebre, of
Messrs. Mixson and Brunson were
elected as secretaries of the permanent
PLATFORM OR NOMINATIONS FIRST?
Them came a preliminary spat when
the platform should be adopted,.
whether prior to or after the nomina
tious. When it was suggested that the
nominations had better be made after
the platform had beel'adopted there
was a great outburst of imagined in
dignation. The suggestion came from
a! Conservative and that seemed to
strike fire from the anxious breast of
the Reforners. Yet. there were just
plenty of the delegates who said that
this was the only proper course to
pursue. It was really amusing to see
with what rapidity-the latent Reform
enthwmiasm of some of the delegates
The suggestion was made that the
Convention take a recess to 4 o'clock as
soon as the reports of the committee on
platform and constitution was adopted.
Mr. Patterson moved that the con
mit tee receive and report back a plat
form and such amendments to the
party constitution as were deemed
advisatle. The committe was then
made up as follows:
COMMITTEE ON PLATFORM AND CON
Abbeville, J. C. Klugh; Aiken. W.
N. Marchant; A.nderson. S. N. Pear
man; Barnwell, A. H. Patterson;
Beaufort, Joseph S. Reed; Barkeley,
J. B. Morrison; Charleston, WV. Huger
Fitzsimons; .Chester, J. K. Henry;
Chesterfield, R. E. Rivers; Clarendon,
B. J. Bradham; Colleton, L. E. Parlers;
Darlington, J. E. Miller: Edgefield, WV.
P. Tim merman; Fairfield, J. R. Cu riee;
Florence, R. M. McCowan; George
town, R. J. Donaldson; Greenville, S.
W. Scruggs; Hampton, W. J.Gooding;
Horry, J. P. Derham; Kershaw, C. L.
Winkler; Lancaster, H. J. Gardner;
Laurens, H. D. Gray; Lexington, W.
A. Goodwin; Marion, J. E. Ellerbe;
Marl noro, J. R. Sampson; New berry,
Jno. T. Duncan: Oconee, J. R. Earle;
Orangeburg, J. WVm. Stokes; Piekens,
Jno. T. Boggs; Riehiand, Wilie Jones;
Sumter, W. A. James; Spartan burg, T.
L. Gantt; Union, D. P- Duncan; York,
WV. N. Elder; Williamsburg, J. P.
A CLAP OF CHARLESTON THUNDER.
After tbe committee wap named Mr.
Magill moved to take a recess. Mr.
Stanland, the redoubtable chairman
from Berkeley, said that this was a
working Convention,and that it might
be as well to go on with the business.
Mr. Watson, of Anderson, suggested
that the committee on platform had
better retire, anid in the meanwhile the
candidates who were without Opposi
tion might be elected.
Here camne the clap of thunder. Mr.
WV. St. J. Jervey, of the Charleston
delegation, in the most innocent marn
ner possible, made the point of order
that the candidates could not first be
elected and then the platform be
adopte d. Questions of principles were,
he argued, more important than men,
and he hoped that the platform would
first be adopted, and then it would be
known whether the candidates would
stand upon it.
Mr. Fitzsimons, of Charleston,;who
was on the committee, said briefly but
eloquently that he did not believe that
the men in a Democratic convention
were afraid to say how they stood or
what were their principles. He did
not believe a convention of Democrats
would nominate any man for an office
who was not a Democrat, and if lie
was a Democrat then let him stand
upon a Democratic platform. Indeed,
he did not believe in first electing
candidates and putting them on a plat
form w'ithout their knowing anything
about it,. First put up your platform
ad( then your candidates.
Mr. Behre, of Colleton, who is quite
a new factor in convention life, was up
as soon as Mr. Fitzsimons finished his
talk. He was very vigorous in his
stleof oratorv. Said lhe: "We are all
D~emocrats. WVe are in a convent ion of
Democrats arid will elect none but
Democrats to any offices. What we
want to do is to first nominate our
candidates and p)ut thiem on our plat
form, as it ca'i be nothing but a Demo
ratic platform when made by Demo
crats. He saidl that he did not believe
iiein any mnit dlown to a platform,
but he did believe in tieing a party
down with a platform." [Cheers]
Mr. .J. K. Henry, of Chester, said
that he believed in doing the work of a
convention decently and in order and
'that as there was only one correct way
of doing the thing that the platform
the candidates should be nominated.
Anyt hing else would be irregular.
DR. WYCHE ON TRUE DEMOCRACY.
Dr. Wyche, who once ran for the
Senate in Newberry County and is now
doing his orating in the conventions
instead of in the Senate, said that it
was an insult to the Convention to
suggest that any of the candidates be
fore it was -not a Democrat. White
supremacy was a greater principle than
anything in this State. As far as
Democratic principles were concerned
Democrats differed, and if his Demo
cracy was to be measured by that of
Grover Cleveland then he was not a
Is not Jobn Gary. Evans a Democrat?
["Yes, yes," and hurrabs for Evans.J
Is there a candidate before this Con
vention who is not a Democrat? If
there is I do not know him and I wait
to hear his name. He paused,for reply.
None came. Then he went on to say
that no set of men had any right to
dictate to this Convention what they
should or should not do. He said that
a crisis had been reached in the history
of the party and that he for one hoped
that it would be passed without trouble.
He was lustily cheered.
DUNCAN OBJECTS TO THE CART BEFORE
Mr. John Duncan, who is also a
member of the Newberry delegation, is
a red-hot Reformer, but just as soon as
Dr. Wyche had taken his seat he got
up and said tnat there was no use for
by-play. The delegates had come to
work and the best way to get through
with the work was to go about it in a
regular way, and that was to adopt a
platform and then to elect the candi
dates who were to run on that plat
form. There was no use to put the cart
before the horse. "Let us do our work
in a manly and straightforward way,"
Mr. Patterson explained that the
suggestion was made merely to save
time and with no idea in the world of
forcing anything or of taking snap
Mr. Cowan moved that the Conven
tion take a recess until 2 30 o'clock.
Others suggested that it would perhaps
be better to take a recess until 330
o'clock, and, after a little talking, a
motion t take a recessu u tii &30 o'clock
MR. JERVEY'S INQUIRY.
Before adjourning MrJervey inquired
particularly whether resolutions should
be introduced and read from the secre
tary's seat or whether they were to be
submitted directly to the committee on
platform without being read. Chair
man Efird announced that resolutions
or platforms should be submitted
directly to the committee and that they
were not to be read in advance.
The committee on platform met in
the ball of the House, and, the only
Conservative to. sit with it was Mr.
Fitzsimons, of Charleston.
THE CONVENTION REASSEMBLES.
It was not until after 4 o'clock that
the Convention reassembled. The
committee on the cosstitution and
platform hadn't finished :lts work at
3,30, as there had been a lively and
vigorous contest on the platform, es
pecially on the paragraph referring to
The original platform as presented to
the committee, and which had been
prepared by the leaders, contained this
"We dvnouoce the action of Presi
dent Cleveland in appointicg Republi
cans to office, and joining. forces with
Republican leaders against tbe ma
jority of his party in the demonetiza
tion of silver, his veto of tbeseigniorage
bill, the invasion of State's righ ts and
his efforts to improperly control the
House of Representatives, as undemo
eratic and unworthy of thse successor
of Jefferson and Madison, and the
betrayal of the platform upon which
he was elected."
It was upon this paragraph that the
big .tight took place in the committee,
and it is said that it was knocked out
by a vote of 15 to 14. It was put in by
thbe leaders. When the Convention met
Chairman Duncan read the platform.
It was minus the denunciatory para
pragh of President Cleveland.
CHAIRMAN DUNCAN REPORTS.
Upon reassembling Chairman Dun
can, of the comm.ittee, was called upon
for the report of the committee.
He said that he had 'a platform,
a new constitution and a memorial,
together with a minority reporL,
and that all others had been re
jected. He then read the platform,
which the majority had agreed upon,
THE PLATFOEM THAT WAS ADOPTED.
1. The representatives of the Demo-.
cratic party of South Carolina, in Con
vention assembled, do reaffirm their
allegiance to the principles of the party.
as formulated by Jefferson, and exem
plified by Madison, Jackson and Cal
houn, and their successors in Demo
2. We reaffirm our allegiance to the
platform adopted by the Democratic
National Convention at Chicago in
3. We demand the free and unlim
ited coinage of silver at a ratio of 16 to
1 and insist upon its immediate enact
ment without waiting for international
agreement. We insist upon it for the
protection of our farmers and laboring
classes, the first and most defenceless
victims of unstable money and fluctu
4. We reaffim our allegiance and ad
herence to and advocacy or the prin
ciples set forth In our State Demo
cratic platforms adopted in 1890 and
5. Recognizing the great evils of in
temperance and the curse of bar rooms
and their corrupting influences, we
eartily endorse the dispensary law as
the happiest and best solution of the
vexed whiskey problem, and we call
upon the Christian men and women
of the State to see that the law is fairly
tested and assist in its enforceament.
6. We urge upon all good Det~ocrats
to Ivote for the calling of aConstitu
tional Convention at the general elec
tion in November.
7. We endorse the present Demo
ratic Administration of our State as
wise, prudent and just and fully ex
emplifying our motto of "equal rights
to all and special privileges to none."
THE NEW CONSTITUTION.
Mr. Fi zsimons annonceed that he
had a mmilority report, and asked
when was the proper time to have it
read. He was advised that it would be
better to do so after the committee
had read its entire report. The consti
tution which had been agreed upon in
the committee was reported by Mr.
George Evans,. of the Edgefield1 delega
tion, and 'it might be said-4hat l,ihiad
more to do with these resolutions t'han
anyone else. He went to the Bpeaker'a,
desk and read.the revi&ed onst1iinn
constitution as recommended by the
committee would pass without objec
tion, but slight and comparatively im
material changes were made. The es
..anla toilet prE
sential difterenees in the new constitu
tion are the abandonment of the Sep
tember Convention for the nomination
of candidates and a direct State pri
mary for all offices.
WHITE DEMOCRATS ONLY SHOULD
Mr Hill, of Abbeville, raised the
first objection to the constitution as
presented, and said that he thought it
best to restrict the primaries to only
such as could vote in the general elec
tions, and that he did not believe in
having men who were in the State for
a few years to vote in a primary which
was virtually an election, and moved
as an amendment that voting in the
primaries be restricted to white Dem
oerats, who shall be entitled to vote
according. to the laws of the State at
the next succeeding general election,
A motion was made to table this, and
in the confusion some one was asked to
explain the matter and the features of
the new constitution, whereupon Mr.
George Evans, on behalf of the com
mittee, said that the only material
changes were-in doing away with the
September Convention, as it was un
necessary, as the committee had de
cided to advise that .hereafter the
Democratic party have a direct pri
MR. EVANS AS A RING SMASHER.
It was, he said, thought that there
would be objection to,this provision as
it may be thought that it placed the
lower tier of counties at a disadvan
tage. He was glad to report that there
were only two dissenting voices in the
committee to this provision, and he
hoped and thought that this direct pri
mary system would- stop the division
among the people of the State. There
could no longer be any charge of rings
and cliques when the officers were di
rectly elected by the Democratic voters
of South Carolina. The matter, he said,
had been made so plain that anyone
could understand it.
There were to be no more nominat
ing conventions or any accusation of
trading and swapping. The machilery
had been done away with, but in most
other respects the constitution remain
ed the same as heretofore and he
thought it would be acceptable to the
white people of the State.
Mr. Hill, at the conclusion of Mr.
Evans' general statement insisted on
his motion that only those qualified to
vote be entitled to participate in the
primary. He kept it up like a little
man and finally won his point. Mr.
McCowan, of Florence, explained that
the trouble with the committee was it
realized that many good Democrats
were disfranchised from voting from
their failure to get registration tickets,
and that it would be unfair to force
these men out of a primary.
Dr. Ogier Lowman, of urangeburg,
had the happy solution of the problem
by suggesting that the amendment
read: All white Democratic voters who
have been residents of the State twelve
months and of the county sixty days
preceding the next general election.
Mr. Buist thought this unfair and
wanted the motion tabled, but lost, so,
after all, Mr. Hill had bis way.
Then came another little polt from
Mr. Louis Appelt, of Clarendon. He
wanted to know how the clubs and
counties would be represented, and he,
together with Mr. Klugh, of Abbeville,
had it so fixed that any county com
mittee may permit the organization of
any club or clubs it m4ay see fit.
After this went through Mr. Appelt
wanted the representation based on
club lists and -not on poll lists, as all on
the rolls may not have voted, and he
said that one of his ideas was to 14t
those who did not vote this year or
could not get into a club two years
hence organize clubs. He, too, had an
up-hill road trying to show what he
meant, especially as the Convention
was not disposed to tamper with the
constitution as reported.
Mr. Behre asked what was to be rep
resentation in any county conventiion
of clubs of less than twenty-five mem
bers. Chairman Efird replied that it
was not a question for him to decide.
A delegate from Sumter remarked that
there would be great dissatisfaction if
no provision were made for clubs of less
than twenty-five members, but the
Convention was looking ahead for
some bigger fray, and so upon the cry
for the question the constitution as
recommended, with the few amend
ments noted, was adopted without a
murmur of objection or disapproval.
So much for what was said a month
a.:o on the stump about the inequality
of a direct primary and what was so
easily done at the Convention to day.
CHARLESTON'S FIGHT FOR PURE DEMO
The Charleston delegation had to
make single-handed the fight for what
it conceived to be true and honest De
mocracy. The celegation had a hope
less fight, but under the exceedingly
demoralizing effect of a pre-arranged
verdict did the best it could. Charles
ton emphati.'ally and unequivocally
placed herself, as well as those in sym
pathy with her views, on record against
the fallacious doctrines of Ocalaism.
Sbe stood up boldly and manfully for
true Democracy, and although van
quished and taunted Charleston's vote
went on the record.
Mr. WV. St. Julien Jervey led the
fight, and was ably seconded by Mr.
W. Huger Fitzsimons. The opposition
did not care for argement, but they felt
it the duty they owed the people of the
State to warn the Convention of its
dangers. When the platform came up
Mr. Fitzsimons had the following uii
nority report read:
Resolved, That we, as representatives
of the Democratic party of the State of
South Carolina, do he.reby renew and
declare our unswerving allegiance to
the principles of Democracy as set forth
in the platform adopted at Chicago by
the National Democratic Convention of
2. That it is the sense of this Conven
tion that no one is a Democrat and
entitled to represent us as Democrats
who is not in full accord with the prin
ciples and plattorm of the National
Democracy, nor one who advocates the
principles of the Populist party or seeks
to force the demands of the Ocala plat
~form upon Democrats as the test of
political principles or action.
3. That we condemn as undemocra
tic and subvertive of the principles of
the party the platform adopted and
promulgated by the Reforrm Democratic
Convention at Columbia, 16th August,
There was some laughter when the
platform of an u ncom promising Demo
crat was read. Some of the Ocalaites
thought it funny. Mr. McCown moved
that the majority report be adopted.
Mr. Jervey held that the minority
report be accepted as a substitute, and
lt>on such a motion held that the
ztinority report had precedent. This.
..as-admitted by Chairman Efird.
'iDgone mnoved to table. the report,
but:theuAnnority was at least given the.
opportunity of placing itself on- record
and of warding them of the dangers of
leaving the Democratic-fold.
Mr. W 8ti Jullen ,Tervey,as soon as
the minority report was read, went to
the front and said:
I speak as a Democrat to Democrats
and expect to be heard respectfully and
judged fairly. I do not expect, by any
thing I may say, or by any logic which
I may bring to bear up(.n the subject
under discussion, to convince the ma
jority of this body that I am right and
that they are wrong, but representing
as I do a constituency which professes
to be Democratic, a constituency which
has for years, for generations, fostered
and cberished the principles of true and
simple Democracy which have been
handed down to us by tradition and
example, principles which have been
taught and illustrated bysuch patriots
as Hayne and Miles and Connor, I do
not feel that I would do justice to them,
to the cause or to ourselves if I did not
say a word in defence of these principles,
and raise my voice in protest against
what I believe and know to be a perver
sion of these principles and a departure
from the true and simple faith of our
Democratic fathers. I will not announce
myself a Jeffersonian Democrat, not be.
cause I profess a political faith different
from that of that great statesman, but
-because the term "Jeffersonian" is
hackneyed and has been used by every
ignoramus who,;not understanding the
meaning of the term, uses it to cover
his ignorance and to add to his profes
sion higher sounding phrases, and to
his insane vaporings &he appearance of
wisdom and learning. For practical
purposes a Democrat may be said to be
one who is in accord and sympathy
with the great political party which
under that name has controlled the,
Government of this great country for,
the greater part of this century, which
has developed from the germs sown in
the Constitution of -the Confederacy,
the grandest and most progressive Gov
ernment in the world. Whatever may
be the political doctrines adopted or
cultivated by any man, or set of men,
if they are contrary to or in conflict
with the principles of that great party
they are not Democratic principles. The
test of Democra:y,- the badge .of mem
bership with the National Democratic
party, must be conformity to the prin
Iiples enumerated by the party itself.
It needs no argument, then to show
the propriety, nay, the absolute neces
sity, of declaring our allegiance to the
great Democratic party and to the
doctrines as set forth in its official plaa
form. This being granted the other
resolutions must be adopted as a matter
of course, as a matter of consistency. If
we yield allegiance to the National
Democratic party, if we recognize-its
political authority, it must be political
heresey to bend to any other authority
or power as paramount to that of De
But I may be told t'jat I am dealing
in truism, that no one disputes so plain
a proposition. Let him ask has the
Democratic party of 8outh Carolina
been so free from this heresy that it
needs no profession of faith to relieve. it
from the suspicion, at least, of being
fallen from grace? Examine its history
for the past few years. A politica.lparty
must be judged by the utterances.of its
leaders,-of those whom it eleets to-OMee
and power, by its platforms and public
declarations. Have we not seen.a plat
form solemnly adopted by thiDemo
cratic party in 1892 which was at vari
ance with the principles of true Demo
cracy, and the same thing repeated on
a smiller scale by a smaller cobven
tion which convened for a smaller pur
pose in August, 1894, and have we not
been told by those in authority, by
those who set themselves up as the
arbiters of the Democracy of the State,
that no man should be admitted into
the full fellowship of Democrats unless
he is willing to subordinate his Demo
cratic principles to the demands of
some other order or faction? We there
fore need abpolution. It is meet that
we should confess otur sins and make
professions of eur faith. Unless we do,
when the test is made in 1896 as to who
is the Democratic party in 8onth Caro
lina, and who is entitled to affiliation
with the Democrats of the nation, we
may find ourselves unrecognized and
turned away to consort with the Popu
list of the West. He said that he has
always been a Reformer. The greatest
reform ever accomplished was when
white supremacy was secured [Ap
plause.] He was In that fight, he said,
and has always been fighting for white
man's supremacy. He said that it was
abuse of rings that was objectionable.
The rings became objectionable when
the cohesion between the leaders and
followers become so great that other
good Democrats were excluded. Every
political party has its .leaders, every
leader hab his sattelites, sycophants,
coat-tail swingers, if yotu will, who
"bend the pregnant binges of the knee
that thrift may fellow fawning." And
it is when the collusion between the
leaders and the coat-tail swingers be
comes so clear that other honest Demo
crats are kept out and defrauded of
their rights that there is a time'when
the ring must be broken. It is a notori
ous fact that by the methodsemployed
two-thirds of the Democrats have had
no voice in the selection of the candi
dates before you.
Delegate Scruggs, of Bishopville:
"Whby did they niot vote?"
Mr. Jervey: "There was no Demo
cratic primary. I use the word 'Demo
raic' in its broad sense."
Mr. Scruggs: "They could have voted
had they wanted to." [Applause.1
- Mr. Jervey: "You know I would not
ave b>een allewed'to vote, although a
Mr. Jervey, in closing, begged that
the Convention do nothing undemo
cratic, and that it should not adopt
and endorse undemocratic principles.
During his taik he appealed to the
Convention as gentlemen of the jury,
which excited much merriment.
Mr. Belton Watson said he was glad
to see Mr. Jervey here asa "Reformer."
He wanted to extend the right hand of
fellowship to Charleston. They had
adopted the platform of 1890 and 1892,
and been endorsed by the people. The
only objection now is to the Ocalaism
that has been endorsed. The question
is whether the tail shall wag the dog
or not, he remarked. We have the
majority, and why do what we are
told. There is a ring, but it is of the
whole people. The farmers must have
their rights respected. The platform
is in good keeping with our principles,
and we have held out the olive branch
to our Conservative friends. He fav
ored anything that would bring the
white people together again.
Dr. \Vyche, of Newberry,had another
little speech. First of all, the Con Yen
ion has adopted a constitution pro
viding for a general primary. Is that
true Democracy? Be believed the plat
form was in the interest of the masses.
It was Democratic. The Convention
was entitled to an expression of opin
ion. and it proposed to adopt the
Jat nal platform. He said he only
di'fcred with Mr. Cleveland as to his
way .of carrying out Democratic prim
ci pes.. - -
FITZsIktFI NB TH?'MINRITY.
Mr Ftzimans aid he had heard
and the views of those he representei
would not be allowed a fair expression
He did not believe it. He did not be
lieve that a convention of South Caro
linians would refuse to allow a minorit3
a full and fair presentation of the view,
of their constituents. Then taking ul
the majority report on the platfort
Mr. Fitzamons said the first and secont
planks affirming allegiance to the Na
tional Democratic platform were cor
rect and proper. The third plank was
he considered, undemocratic and vio
lated the coinage plank in the nations,
platform. He said in the absence o
an international agreement it would
be impossible for the party to insisl
upon such a ratio. There could be b-I
one unit of value. To stamp upon
silver dollar coined in such a ratio, il
in fact and intrinsically the silver wa
not worth so much, was to stamp a
lie upon the face of the dollar.
A delegate asked whether the Cbica
go Convention did not provide for fref
Mr.Fitzsimons explained his position,
Larry Gantt said that Speaker Cris:
had advocated free silver at the ratic
of sixteen to one.
Mr. Fitzsimons said Mr. Crisp did
not make the Democratic party. He
considered the platform proposed by
the majority undemocratic and could
not vote for it. The most vital objection
was in insisting upon the Ocala- de.
mands, many of which were undemo
cratic, as a test of true Democracy.
He, too,. believed in white suprem
acy, and would, tl&refore, never en
dorse an Administration which placed
Charleston in the black district. Mr.
Fitzsimons closed the brief debate, as
the Convention was impatient Zur a
vote, and there were frequent calls for
"Question!" "question!" The Conyen
tion had Jong ago made up its mind,
and as soon as the majority report was
read it knew what was expected.
Mr. Earle, a "light in the West"
man, renewed the call for the majority
reprt. He was satisfied.
J. Donaldson, nominee for Sena
tor of Georgetown, wanted some tone
and force added to the voting, so he
called for a rising vote on the majority
report. The minority report went down
Then came the hurrah over the Ocala
Democrat - dispensary - Constitutional
All to favor of the majority report
arose with the unanimity that hands
went up in the campaign, and accom
panied with a hurrah. "All opposed
to the msjf)rity report rise and stand
until counted," said Chairman Efird,
and up rose the members of the Char
leston delegation. The vote was never
announced, but, if the majority report
got the votes, the minority had the
satisfaction of knowing it had done its
full duty, and of receiving thA plaudits
of the many spectators. Mr. Fitzsimons
then called for the reading of the me
morial presented by the committee.
Mr. Duncan said it had been agreed to
The secretary then read the .follow
To the Presiding Officer and the
Delegates of the-State Democratle Con
vention, convening September 19; 1894
-Gentlemen: By instruction and reso
lution of Democrats asseinbled in Co
lumbia, on September 17, 1894, we, the
undersigned, appointed an executive
committee, hereby present the follow
ing Democratic resolutions and enun
ciation of Democratic principles adopt
ed by that body, and demand that you,
claiming to be the regular Democratic
party of the State of South Carolina,
adopt the same in full as a clear decla
ration of Democratic doctrine and as
your purpose to stand by and fight for
the Democratic platform as therein out
lined, being as It is perfectly in line
with the platform and principles of the
national party, and demanding.the re
pudiation and the rescinding of the
platform adopted by the State Demo.
crstic Convention in 1892.
SIgned: J. L. Carson, Mike Brown,
S. P. Smnitb, T. B. Woods, E. B. Hodge,
W. S. Allen, J. B. C. Wright, S. A.
Townes, C. P. Quattlebaum, W. L.
Gray, J. W. Johnson, Geo. 8. Mower,
M. 0. Dantzler,'John G. Capers, ..
Singleton, N. T. Hurst, M. P. Tribble,
W. J. Verdier, F. C. Fishburne, W. F.
Stevenson, W. D. Coker, John Brat
ton, 3. B. Steele, W. E. Martin, John
C.. McDow, C. S. Bradford, W. A.
Sparks, G.W. Prap R. G. Gains, A. P.
Butler, L. J. Brpwning, 0. W. S. Hart.
The secretary stopped without call.
ing the names. 'I hey were called for
and when announced there were sev
eral, "Oh my!" and "Oh ghee!" and
such remarks. Mr. Fitzsimens 'called
for the reading of the body of the reso
lutions. This was done. The following
resolutions were then read:
AN OVERTURE FOR PEACE AN~D PARTY
WHEREAS, men prominent in the
:ff'idrs of the State, claiming to be
.Democrats, some of whom are- now
seeking nomination for high offices as
Democrats, have declared themselves
bound by the principles announced at
a convention held at Ocala, in theState
of Florida, on the third day of Decem
ber, 1890, as paramount to all other po.
litical principles whatsoever; which
principles are centralizing in their ten.
dency and opposed to those of the
Democratic party; and
Whereas, others so now claiming to
be Democrats have allied themselves
with members of a new party styled
the P,opulist party and have declared
themselves ready to abandon the Denm
ocratic party whenever an opportunity
favorable to the success of the so-called
Populist party shall present itself; and
WVhereas, under such circumstances
it becomes the duty of the Democratic
party in this State, through its official
representatives in convention assem
bled, explicitly to declare its position in
regard to these disturbing influences:
.Resolved, That this convention, com
posed of loyal Democrats from all parts
of the State, demands of the Conven
tion to assemble on the 19th instant,
under the call of the executive com
mittee of the Democratic party of the
State, (as heretofore organized), ex
plicitly to declare the true and loyal
allegiance of the whole Democratic
party of the State of South Carolina to
the principles and organization of the
National Democratic party, and to re
p udiate and rescind the action of the
State Convention of 1892, adopting the
Ocala platform as that of the Demo
cra tic party of this State.
2. That the Convention also de
mands of the said State Convention to
be held on the 19th inst., to nominate
us one for office who is not in full ac
cord with the principles of the Nation
al Democracy, nor one who acknowl
edges allegiance to the said Ocala plat
form or to the principles of the Popu
3. That the nomination by the Con
vention on the 19th instant of any can
didate for any office at the hands of the
Democratic party holding allegianee to
any other than the Democratic princi
les and policy shall absolve all.mem
bers of the. Democratie party in the
State from .obligatian to suvport such
rominees at the general election,
I whether or not they participated in
the recent primary election.
4. That an executive committee con
sistinx of one member from each coub
ty shall be appointed by the respective
delegations, which committee shall be
charged with the duty of the better or
i ganization of the Democratic party,
and the presentation of the foregoing
resolution to the Convention which
meets in Columbia on the 19th inst.,
and with recalling this Convention at
such time as th .y may see fit prior to
I the first day of October.
Upon motion of Mr. Mayfield the
memorial was received as information
and nothing more was said about the
THE NEW EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
The following executive committee
was then elected:
Abbeville-J. Y. Jones.
Aiken-W. M. Jordan.
Anderson-J. P. Glenn.
Barnwell-8. G. Mayfield.
Berkeley-J. A. Harvey.
Charleston-Philip H. Gadsden.
Chester-T. J. Cunningham.
Chesterfield-G. J. Readfearn.
Clarendon-J. T. Davis.
Colletoni-A. E. Williams.
Darlington-J. N. Parrot.
Edgefield-R. B. Watson.
Fairfiefd-Thomas W. Taylor.
Florence-R. S. McCown.
Georgetown-R J. Donaldson.
Greenville-J. W. Gray.
Hampton-M. B. McSweeney.
Horry-J. P. Derham.
Kershaw-T. J. Kirkland.
Lancnster-Ira. B. Jones.
Laurens-J. L. M. Irby.
Lexington-C. M. EfIrd.
Marion-J. D. Montgomery.
Marlboro-W. D. Evans.
Newberry-J. A. Sigh.
Oconee-W. J. Stribbling.
Orangeburg-O. R. Lqwman.
Pickens-T. C. Robinson.
Spartanburg-N. L. Bennett.
Sumter-D. E. Keels.
Udion-A. C. Lyles.
W,illiamsburg-A. H. Williams.
Tork-N. T. Jackson.
LARRY GANTT'S SUGGESTION.
The road was then clear for nomina
tions as the constitution had been
adopted, the platform agreed upon and
the executive committee named But
it was found that the convention did
not exactly know how it wanted to get
at this work, as everybody's friend
seemed to thit3k the other man had
some scheme for his favorite candidate.
It was at this juncture that Larry
Gantt sprung his plan of voting a secret
and omnibus ticket. He wanted.all of
the officers, excepting those without
opposition, to be voted for on one ticket.
Mr, Gantt Insisted that there was
nothing unfair about his proposition.
After some debate it was finally deci
ded to make the nominations of those
officers who were without opposition.
Mr Patterson moved that no speeches
Mr. Gunter, of Aiken, nominated
John Gary Evans for Governor. The
nomination was- secondedoy .atum,
of Orangeburg, and Watson,'of Ander
son. There being no other nominees,
upon motion Mr. Evans was nomi
nated by acclamation and Chairman
Efird announced that John Gary
Evans was declared the Democratic
nominee for Governor.
CHARLESTON DID NOT VOTE.
After the announcement Mr. Jervey
said that he did not like to interrupt
the chairman, but would take occasion
to announce that the Charleston dele
gation bad refrained from voting as it
did not regard the platform of the Con
vention as Democratic. "Oh Lord!"
said one delegate. There came hur
rabs'from the galleries by way of en
couragement for this little speech from
Then the Convention went right
along in its work and without any to
do nominated W. H. Timmez man for
Lieutenant Governor. -Mr. Jervey
made the same annonneement that the
Charleston delegation could not vote
for nominees unless they stood on a
This seemed to arouse tne ire in Mr.
Patterson. He got up, with Mr. May
field and others tugging at his coat,
and said that the Convention had
stood this long enough and if the Char
leston delegation did not like it, it had
better leave the hall. When he had
gotten this far he was induced to take
Many of the Charleston delegates had
gotten up ready to leave the hall, but
nothing more was said and a number
of delegates walked up to the Charles
ton delegation and were very solicitous
for its members to remain in the halL
The Charleston delegates told them
they would remain. In the Convention,
but would take no part In the ballot
ing, but defend the Democracy should
the occasion arise. Things went along,
but the Ckrarleston delegates were not
asked to leave the hail, though many
might have liked it.
Mr. Tatum, of Orangeburg, nomi
nated Dr. W. T. C. Bates for State
Treasurer, and he was nominated by
Mr.8ecruggs noninated Mr. Osmund
W. Buchanan for Attorney General
and he, too, was elected without a ques
tion and by acclamation. After these
four candidates who were fortunate
enough to be without opposition, were
nominated Mr. Gantt got back at the
Convention with his plan. HRe wanted
his tickets printed and an adjournment
to 8 o'clock. It was decided by a vote
of 136 to 102 to accept the proposition
of Mr. Gantt and have the omnibus
Then the Convention got into a
speech-hearing humor, decieed to send
a committee for Nominees Evans and
Timimerman and to hear them. Messrs.
A ppelt, Cooper and Mayfield were ap
pointed a committee to wait upon the
nominees, but the Convention decided
that it would rather vote itself to sup
per before taking the oratory-so a mo
tion was made and carried to take a
recess until 8 o'clock.
At the nigh t session some of the del
egates seemed to see spooks in the
Gantt resolutions and that there was
some jack in the box in these secret
ballots. Mr. Geo. Evar's started the
opposition and insisted that a free and
open ballot was wanted and that the
Convention should not vote a combina
tion ticket. Mr. Watson of Anderson,
als' made a vigorous speech against the
adoption of the ticket scheme. Ander
son had no candidates. This is the
last Nominating Convention, so why
was it with a secret ballot, he askea.
He wanted the election held open and
Col. Gantt replied and said he cer
tainly had no ticket or scheme and
thai the plan had been suggested to
him. He was very sorry such an im
p ression should have arisen. Mr. John
Duncan explained that he would take
all the responsibility for the tickets
that had been presented in the Con
vention. He simply thought it woald
facilitate the work to have a number of
blank tickets print4 He had no idea
of womrking any n1nn nd had noavandi
date in the field, yet he thought the
Ilan a very good one. He assured the.
onvention tbat Mr. Gantt knewnoth
ing of the tick.-ts )ting rinted~ and -
that he had t. Mr. tt after he
made his mI mu o havib
tickets priit .
Mr. Putt i)n saicLie thought the
plan a go-woidne, but after discussing it
thought it tiad better be abandoned
especi-s here was so much obje
tion to it. It would be better to go
b'ack to the old plan and the Conven
tion thought it would rather go through
the old form than talk all night.
THE VOTE FOR SECRETARY OF STATE.
Nominations for Secretary of State
were first in order and Mr. Shman
put up Senator Harrison. Mr. Can- ->:
ningham nominated Col. Dan H.
Tompkins, and Mr. Lancaster put up
Mr. Lem R. Hill. The vote was an-.
nounced by each delegate and resulted
Counties, kin&. Hill son
Abbeville...........- 4 7 1
Aiken..... ..... 1 7 0
Anderson........ 7 0 6
Barnwel.............. 1 0 11
Rea ort............. . 10 0 0
Berkeley................. 14 0 0
Charleston.................. 0 0 -
Chester ...............a 0 0
Chesterfeld............... 2 2 2
Clarendon....... 6 0 2
Colleton..........-.......... 3 6 1
Darlingtou............ 0 . 8
Edgeled..... ...... 9 0 3
Fairneld.. . - 0 4
Florence.... .....a 0 3 >
Georgetown-....... 6 0 0
Greenville- -.............. 0 0 12
Bampton..................... 6 0. 0
H .... .... ... 0 4
0 0 6
Lancaster...... 6 0 0
Marlon........................ 1 0 7
Marlboro................... 4 0 4
Newberry.................... 5 1 2
Oconee ...... ... 2 0 4
orangebarg --. .- -l
Pickens....................... 6 0 e
ichland. . 8 1 3
Spartanburg......... .. 10 0 14
Sumter......................... 7 1 4
Union ........................10 0 6
Wllabmaburg......... 7 0 1
Yorz..................... .. 5 8 2
Totals.... . ...... 39l 45 112
TOMPKINS ON TOP.
As soon as it was seen how things
were going Spartanburg changed.Its
vote to Col. Tompkins. Whenthevom
was announced there was great hur.
rahing for Col. Tompkins.
Daniel H. Tompkins Is too wel
known to the public to need an Intro
duction through the press, especially
to that portion of it that had occasion
to visit the State Hourse dung the
past three or feur years. Hisgenlal
disposition has secured to him a boseof
friends among those who have, come
in contact with him as private,eee
retary to Governor Tilman d
that period. and he has been
considerate to the newspaper
Mr. Tompkins was born in Edgefeid
village in 1847. His school days were
not yet over when the call of his con
try summoned- him to arms. Atthe
age of 17 he enlisted in J1ampton'a
Legion, then commanded by Matt
Gary, and served. under the distin
guished leader through totieend o
the struggle, being among w
followed Gary from A
After 'the close ofA .-2b
sent 'to Edinburgh Ugiversfty
plete his education. e zema
in 8cotland three years. Amonghfe
low students while atEdinburgw
the Hon. George Johnstone.and J
W. C. Benet. The latteracop
Mr. Tompkins home on his retOrn j
Since that time, and up to 1890,M
Tompkins has lved in Sdgefield and ~
pursued the vocation -of a farmer,
residicng about twenty-five miles frona
Edgefield Court Houzse, near Ninetyr
Six. Soon after his- election- In 1890
Governor Tillman, who has 'long been
a personal friend of Mr. Tompkins,
made him his private secretary.
Mr. Tompkins is a man - oCf de
physique and pelished manners. His
conduet of teposition ofprvatsee~
retary has made him quite popular
here. He is the secretary of the,exeen
.tive committee and has all along been
The next of -the nominations was
that of Comptroller General Mr. A.
W. .Jones, of Abbeville, was named, 7
and Mr. Jas. Norton's arnnouncemenit
folIo .ved. Mr. Derham's nhe wa-o -
nresented. The vote for Comptroller
was a surprise to most. Fo! om -
reason Mr. Jones *as left out. Some
attribute iZ to a desire togive the Pee.
Dee representation on the State.ticket,
but it is sufficient to know the vote,
which was as follows:
Counties. Jones Norton.
Abbevi11e........ .-......... 12 0
Aiken. ..................... ...... a 0
Barnwe11... ...................... 1
Berkeley....................... 3 1
Chareston ................ 0 6
Chester.............-.......... 0 s
Chesterfield............... 1 s
Co1tn................ 3 7
Clarendon................. ... 0!/ 8
F1rfeI.....................-. 3 .65
Florence..................0 8 /
Borry -.-....................-.. 0 6
Kershaw................ ....... 0 6
Laurens....~................. a S
Oconee . ..... ............. ..... 0 6
Orangeburg.-...............-. 4 8
Richland..................... s 7
sumter........... ...... ...... 4 8 -
Union........ ................... 0 8~
Wila sug........... 0 8
York ............ -. .... .. . .. 5
Totals............... ......126 176 .
With 176 against 126 votes Nortonl won in aI
SKETCH OF BEFOEMER NORTON.
Jas. Norton, the nominee for Comp
troller Genera, is a native of Marion
County, and is about 49 years of age.
His ancestors were among the first
settlers of Marion and Herry Counties.
Mr. Norton received his education in A
the common country schools of Marion
County. When a mere boy he volun-A
teered in Company E., 1st south Caro
linaVolunteers,( 3Waxeyciregg's old regi'
ment,) and served with that command
throughout the war. He was slightly
wounded both at Fredericksburg and
Chancellorsville, and at Malvern Hill
was desperately wounded, the bal
passing through the entire length of
his body, penetrating his lungs. From - --
CONCLUDED ON PAGE FOUL.
Tired, Weak, Nervous,
Means impure blood, andoverwork or
too much strain on brain and b
The onlj way to cure is to feede
nerves on pure blood. Thonnand of
people certify that the best blood pur
fier, the best nerve toniecand ii
builder is Hood's S8arsaparilla.W
it has done for others it will alsodorr'
you-Hood's Cores. .
Hood's Pills enre cenlpatiooy
storing peristaltic action or tb mni