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IOr A n.TqffrnD 165NEWBERRY S. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 591894
.00L. L KEITT 0,_ SILVER.
fe Shows Concusively from the Acts of
Caogress that the %Hver Dollar is
the Unitof Va1C.
The monetary conference held at
Brussels in 1892, on the invitation of
the United States, settled that the
nations of the earth c(n not agree on a
money of tha world. It wat cbarged
by some of the delegates, aud justly,
that the United States is responsible
for the muddle of the silver question.
Its condition was brought aoout by
treachery, trickery &nd fraud to bene
fit the few. If our people could save
tbemselves from slavery and degrada
tion by the loss of their homes and all
of their property they should promptly,
through their representatives, assert
their rights by a display of intelligent
manhood in applying-he right remedy.
By a careful reading of Secretary of
the Treasury Carlisle's last monthly
statement of the public debt, the intr
est bearing bonds of the government,
exclusive of United States bonds issued
to the Pacif railroads outstanding on
the 1st of November were $635,042 800.
Of these bonds:585,037i!00 were au
thorized and issued under the acts of
July 14th, 1870, andJanuary 20th, 1871.
See acts. The following is a copy of
"This bond is issued in accordance
with the provisions of an act of Con
gress entitled 'An Act to authorize the
refunding of the National debt,' ap
proved July 14th, 1870, as amended by
an act approved January 20th, 1871,
and Is redeemable at the -pleasure bf
the United States after the first day of
July, 1907, in eoin of the standard value
of the United States on said July 14th,
1870, with Interest- in such coin from
the day of the date hereof at the rate
of four .cent. per annum, payable
A, on the first day. of October,
Cana -y.:April and July in each year.
T e I and interest are exempt
from te payment of all taxes or duties
of the United States, as well as from
e.zatipan In any form by or under State,
municips, or local authority." It is
clear,:from the face of the bond that
all the government bonds outstanding,
$585,037,100 are redeemable, principal
and interest, in coin of the standard
value of the* United States. on said
jAihab t date the standard silver dol
lar 4121 grains 940 fine was the unit of
nioney, the dollar of account of the
United States, and had been from the
passage of the first mint act on the 2nd
of April, 1792. Even Senator Sherman
admitted this in an able speech which
he delivered on the 30th of August,
1893, in the United States Senate in his
efforts to extricate himself from the
p'rthe took in the passage of the act
of Febieary 12th, 1873, known as "the
crime of the ages." He quoted as fol
)aws from the report of Mr. John Jay
- Knox,. comptroller of the currency,
which 'accowpanied the original bill
introduced by himself in the Senate on
the!0h.Of April, 1870, giving the his
tory of- the silver dollar, which bill,
after many"failures, resulted by strat
In the act of February 12th, 1878.
~. -. 'oTbe,tIation reads:
"ThiISr- unit, -as -money of ac
0onqowas,.e '?Olied by the act of
003g"%%ns4kprtk2nd, 1892, and the same
- 'iVideifor-lie.coinage'of the sil
.4of tt*Value-of- a Spanisb
milled'6r-'pillardollar, as the same is
now cWent. The silver dollar was
coInedin 1791, weighing 416 grains,
-2fwhich-.3711 grains were pure silver,
the flnFness being 892 4-10.' *. I .t is
by law the dollar,.unit."
In eodrroborationi of the writer's posi
tion that 'every outstanding bond of
4 the-United.State's government ;s pay
able-in theateudard silver dollar 4121
grains 9-40 fn-e, he will give the fol
lowing concurrent resolution of the
two houses of Congress, adopted in
1878. It reads, "That all the bonds of
the United States, issued or authorized
to be issued under said acts of Congress
hereinbefore recited, and payable prin
cipal and interest, at the option of the
government of the United States, in
silver dollars of the coinage of the
United States containing 4121 grains
each of standard silver, and that
to restore to Its coinage such silver
* coins as . legal tender in payment
of such bonds, principal and in
terest, is not in violation of the pubbe,
faif,h nor ip oerogation of the rights of
-the publid creditor."
This-resblution passed the Senate
January 25th, 1878, by a vote of 42 to
20, and the House of Representatives
on the 28th of January, 1878, by a vote
of 189 to 79. 00.o
The $50,000.0 ofgovernment bonds
issued and' sold by Secretary of the
Treasury Carlisle, for gold, the early
pat of this year, are illegal and void.
Tey are fraudulent. There is no law
on the, S.tatute .books authorizing "any
one to,sell bonds for gold. It is a fun
damental. principle in the scdence. of
government that all obligations of the
governmenlst ar'e payable in the unit of
money existing at the time of the pass
-age of the act authorizing their issue.
The standard silver dollar was the
*unit of mnoney-at the time of the pess
age of the acts of the 14th of July, 1870,
* anid January 20th, 1871, having been
made the unit ofi money^and dollar ac
count by. the fii'st mint act 2nd of A pril,
1792, aid bdtog' such.: 'without dispute
up'to ther12th of February, 1S73, all the
governspengboeds.issued by authority
of those kets'ire payabi'e in that dollar.
The actioft.tire 2nd:of April,1792,: made
the do ar..tfia,.limit and authorized
them to'be str^uck .and coined out of
silver only.'Mo other dollar was struck
and coined until after the passage .of
the act of fiarch.3rd, 1849. It reads,
"Be itenate byi.tte Senate andiJouse
of RepresetAtives of the United States
of America in' Congress assembled,
That there shall b4, from time to .time,
struck and coined at the mint of the
United States, and the branches there
of, con formably in all respects .to law,
except that on the reverse of the gold
dollar -the figure of the eagle shall be
omitted .and conforma bly in all respects
to the s.tandard for gold coins now es
tablished by law, coins of gold of the
following - denomination and values,
viz., double, eagles, each to be of the
~value.of twenty dollars, or units, and
gold dollars each to be of tho value of
one dollar or unit." As the standard
silver doljar'was the unit of money at
the time'the'above act was passed, the
gold dollar.was made to conform to it
in valuegfQr . it says each gold dollar
must "beef te:value of one dollar or
unit." Of whab dollar or unit? The
standard -silver dollar, of course, as
there was at that& ime no other dollar
or unit but the standard silver dollar.
The gold dollar was -made to conform
to it, and is the ratio and not the unit.
By the act of ]2th February, 1873, the
attempt was made to change the unit
of value from the standard silver dollar
to the gold dollar. If the gold dollar
had been the.u nit of value the attempt
would not have been made. Section
14th of the Act reads, "That the gold
coins of. the United States shall be a
one dollarpiece, which, at the standard
weigh't of twenty five anid eight tenths
...an shall be the unit of value."
This act has been justly called "the
crime of the ages."
That the attempt to change the unit
of value from the standard silver dollar
to the gold dollar was a fraud, we ask,
where is the gold dollar now? Let the
act of September 26, 1890, tell us:
Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assem
bled, That from and after the passage
of this act the coinage of the three dol
lar gold piece, the one dollar gold piece
and the turee cent nickel piece be, and
and the same is hereby prohibited, and
the pieces named shall not be struck or
issued by the mint ef the United States.
Sec. 2. That as fast as the said coins
shall be paid into the Treasury of the
United States they shall be withdrawn
from circulatior and be recoined into
other denominations of coins.
Sec. 3. That all laws and parts of
laws in conflict with this act are here
If the act of the 12th of February,
1873, changed the unit of value from
the standard silver dollar to the gold
dollar, where is the unit of value now
that the gold dollar has been dead and
buried over four years? If the stand
ard silver dollar is not the unit of value
of the Nation we have no unit, as the
statdard silver dollar is the only dollar
the Nation has.' The legal 1ender qual
ities of the standard silver dollar have
never been impaired by any law since
its adoption, it is i the plentitude of
its debt paying powers, it is a full legal
tender, and best of all, the government
basan ample supply of them in her
treasury, or the bullion to have them
struck and coined to meet all of her
Having shown that all outstanding
interest bearing bonds of the govern
ment, principal and interest, are pay
able in the standard silver dollar, they
having been issued under acts passed
while the standard silver dollar was
-the unit of money, I will now proceed
to show that all the outstanding non
Interest bearing obligations of the gov- .
ernment are payable in the same coins
except the gold certificates. These are
special contracts, and must be paid in
the coins nominated in the certificates.
Of the debt bearing no interest, there
are outstanding $346,681,016.00 United
States notes issueti under the acts Feb
ruary 25, 1862, July 11, 1862 and March
Old demand notes $54,847.50 issued
under the act of July 11, 1861, and
February 12,1862. Fractional currency
$6,897, 137.42 issued under the act July
17, 1862, March 3, 1863, June 30, 1864.
National ba.ak notes $28,163,475.50.
These bank notes are based on the
government bonds, all of which are
payable in standard silver dollars,
hence they are payable in the same
coins. Aggregate of debts bearing no
The above notes were issued when
the standard silver dollar was the unit
of money and dollar of account of the
Natiovs, without dispute, and are pay
able in standard silver dollars.
Of the certificates and notes issued
on deposit of coin and legal tender
notes and purehases of silver bullion
there are in circulation
Gold certificates.............. $ 64.252.000
Silver certificates............... 331,143,301
Certificates of deposit......... 54,045,000
Treasury notes of 1890......... 122,715,396
All the above obligations except the
gold certificates are payable in the
standard silver dollar. Section 3 of the
act J .:ly 14th, 1890, makes it mandatory
on thbe Se'cretary of the Treasury after
July,~1891, to coin of thbe silver bullion
purchased "as much as may be neces
sary to,provide for the redemption of
the treasury notes herein provided for."
The law is equally mandatory that the
Secretary of thbe Treasury shall redeem
on presentation all treasury notes issued
in the purchase of silver bullion with
standard silver dollars struck and
coined frorn the silver bullion .pur
u-ased with such notes. The silver
cerificates show on their face they are
payable in silver. According to the
statement of the Secretary of the Treas
ury the aggregate debt, including cer
tificates and treasury notes is $1,626,
154,037 68. Casb in the treasury aggre
gate $754,546.247 84. Ded uct thbe cash
in the treasury from the outstanding
obligations and the debt of the Nation
based on her credit is only $871,607,
The debt of England and her depen
dencies is 85,695 265,000. The debt of
France is $4 982,810,000. The debt of
the United States is insignificant by
the side of the debt of England or
France. She has in her treasury in
Gold coin................$ 81,416,460.73
Gold bars............... 44,197,435.00
In silver dollars.........$365,332,738.00
Subsidiary coin......... 15,424,112.90.
-Total Silver in coin
.: adbars...........8.506,018,713 74
Inaddition she has fine ounces of silver
bullion sufficient for 180,000,000 or more
of standard silver dollars when struck
and coined* which Secretary Carlisle
failed to mention in his monthly state
The selling bonds for gold in a time
of profound peace, and the increase of
the interest bearing debt, there is no
such thing as a gold reserve. Thbe gov
ernment has in the treasury, as the
last monthly report of the secretary
shows, nearly two dollars of gold for
every dollar of outstanding gold obliga
tions. Every sale of bonds forgood con
tracts the currency to the amount of the
sale and lowers the pricesof all products
and property of all kinds. The value
of a thing depends on supply and de
mand, its utility and desirableness.
The price of it depends on tbe volume
of money in circulation. Inc-ease the
volume of money and prices rise, de
crease the volume and prices fall.
Prices and not value pays debts. For
the people of a nation to be prosperous
and content, the volume of money in
circulation should be ample for trans
actions of business, and put beyond the
power of combinations of men to dis
turb its stability.
No country on earth is in as healthy
financial condition as the United States
if the laws are executed in tbe interest
of the people. In thbe face of the figures
and facts, and in violation of the iaws,
President Cleveland, not long after his
inauguration on the 4th day of March,
1893, declared every note of the govern
ment on presentation will be paid in
gold. He forced the gold standard on
the Nation in the interest of native and
foeign gamblers in stocks, to the great
detriment of the people. He has made
himself and his ad ministration so odi
os that the people in the late election
crushed the party that elected him.
No man can be a statesman unless he
is a student. No man can control and
lead a nation to peace and prosperity
unless he knows the history of past
Iages, and is familiar with the roads the
nations that perished and passed away
forever travelled, and the rocks. -on
which they foundered. Nations that
ble on the same rocks and perisb; hence
we are told "History repeats itself.'
Congress, as soon as it meets, if it acts
wisely, will promptly put an end to
Mr Cleveland's injudicious and ruinous
management of the finances of the
Nation, and enact laws that will give
permanent relief to the business inter
ests of the country. If they fail to do
it the Nation is on the road to dire dis
aster. For.lack of knowledge and de
termination on the part of our law
makers to do the right and just thing,
swift destruction will s weep the multi
tude and reduce them to slavery and
degradation. It is near at band. The
United States under Mr. Cleveland's
domination is as much a province of Old
England ar- Ir-ia is where the misera
ble multitude work for six and a quar
ter cents a day and pay their board.
The industrial people of the United
States are fast getting into that condi
ELLISON S. KEITT.
DECLARED WAR AGAINST CUPID.
A Preacher's Peeuliar Doctrines Create a
Sensation In Pennsylvania.
LFrom the Philadelphia Inquirer.]
PiTsBRG, October 25.-Three suits,
three separations of husbands from
their wives and at least a dozen broken
marriage engagements are the result sD
far of a new religion being spread by
the Rev. W. J. McCroly, of the Free
Presbyterian church, of Rochester, Pa.
For preaching the practical application
of the Biblical laws concerning un
equal marriages he was dismissed by
the Presbytery. He continued to
preach about "sanctification on earth,"
and turned the heads of many women
who thought their marriage relation
The preacher has created a great sen
sation all over the Beaver Valley by
his war against Cupid and in favor of
celibacy. Dr. McCrory firmly believes
-and be backs it with an unlimited
amount of Scripture-that his doctrine
is necessary to salvation. On this be
lief he preached sermons that struck
home in his former Bridgewater Pres
It is the application of this doctrine
of sauctifie-ation to the practical side of
inter-marriage that led to the rumpus
which now furnishes gsssip for the en
tire Beaver Valley. The minister
based his statemeLts on a portion of
the verse of the 6th chapter of the Sec
ond Epistle to the 0orintbians, which
reads: "Be ye not unequally yoked
together with unbelievers; for what
fellowship hath righteousness with un
righteousness, and what communion
bath light with darkness?"
The preacher's utterances created a
great sensation. By the young people
they were accepted as an outspoken
declaration of Biblical grounds for celi
bacy. By those whose cases tally with
the example used by the minister it
was looked on as the explanation of a
plain duty-the renunciation of the
marital vow. Those a:-quainted can
point to a dozen cases where well-to-do
and worthy young men have been
"jilted" by young women of McCrory's
ciurch because they were unsanctified.
Three women who have been married
for years and are mothers of families
have also accepted the doctrine and
separated from their husbands. An
other known case is that of a husband
who has given notice to his wife that
he will no longer live with her.
Effect of a Receipt in Full.
Tt was a rule of tlpe common law that
an express promise of a creditor, if a re
lease was not given,or the evidence of
the debt was not surrendere(a, to accept
in payment a less sum than was really
owing him would not operate as a pay
ment or as accord and satisfaction.
But the Code declares thbat "all receipts,
releases and discharges in writing,
wether of a debt of record or a con
tract under seal, or otherwise, must
have effect;according to the intention of
the parties thereto." The uniform con
struct ion of this statute has been that,
though the sum paid may be much
less than the debt really due, if a re
cipt in writing is given, intended as a'
full discharge of the debt, in the ab
sence of evidence of a mistake of ma
serial facts, or of concealmnent of such
facts, or ofn.misrepresentatiou, the receipt
must have operation according to the
intention of the parties. Eufaula Nat.
Bank vs. Passmoro. Supreme Court
of Alabama. 14 So. Rep.683.
To prevent the hardening of the sub
cutaneous tissue of the scalp and the
obliteration of the hair follicles, which
causes baldness, use Hall's Hair Re
Woric of the Pension Ofmce.
The report of the Commissioner of
Pensions for the fiscal year ended June
30, 1894, states that the number of Pen
siners on the rolls June 30, 1893 was
966,012; that during the year 30,085
new pensioners were asided to the rolls
and 2,308 previously dropped were re
stored, w hile 37,051 have been dropped
for death, and other causes, and on
June 30, 1894, the number of pen
sioners upon the rolls was 960,544.
The number of pension certificates
issued during the year was 80,213 and
132,873 claims of- all classes were re
There were undisposed of and in
different stages of preparation and ad
vancement, on July 1, 1894, claims for
pension and for increase to the amount
of 619,027, of whbich 287,209 claims-orig
inals, widows, and dependents--are on
behalf of persons not already on the
rolls. These claiws, save some recent
ly filed, have been examined more than
once and found lacking in essential
New claims of all kinds have fallen
off from 3t3,799 in 1891 to 40,148 in 1894
the fact being that original claims for
pensions under existing laws are sub
stantially all in, and the bulk of new
claims are for increase or for widows
Thbe amount paid for pensions during
the year was $138,804,461.05, leaving a
balance in the Treasury of $25,205,71.265
of the apropriation.
There were 194 convictions in the
United States courts within the year
for pension frauds, perjuries, and
As an emergency medicine, Ayer's
'herry Peetoral takes the lead of all
ther remedies. For the relief and cure
of croup, whooping-cough, sore throat,
and the dangerous pulmonary troubles
to which the young are so liable, it is
invaluable, being prompt to act, sure to
If a Christian's love has any
special value, it ought to be operative
at times when a godless person'sj
love would fail.'
THE SOUTH CAROLINA LEGISLATURM.
The Open!ng of the Session-Officers Elect
ed-Some New Bills Coming Forward.
One General Pat In Each End of
the State House.
[Special to News and Courier.]
COLUMBIA, November 27.-The clock
in the ball of the House of Represent
atives was a little fast, and that seemed
to be the humor of the legislators when
they met this morning. The city clock
had not yet announced the bour of
noon when Mr. Braezeale moved that
Mr. Frank B. Gary, of Abbeville, be
made the temporary chairman. Mr.
Gary had tosuperintend the swearing
in of the members and that function
took up considerable time. The mem
hers were called up by delegations.
They appeared in blocks of six and
eight and took the prescribed oath. To
some of twe members this was an en
tirely new responsibility and they were
proportionately serious while taking
In some way it seems that the mem
bers could not sign the Constitution as
readily as they were sworn in. When
they got around the writing table they
exchanged greetings, and very soon
there was a blockade in that line. Any
way the swearing in process was ended
without interruption or suggestions as
to contests or challenges. When the
members were sworn in the roll was
read, showing all the members except
three to be present.
After the rolls had been properly
igned the Speaker pro tern announced
that the House was ready to select its
SPEAKER JONES UNANIMOUSLY RE
With one accord Mr. Ira B. Jones,
the old Speaker, was the choice of the
members. The first member to get the
floor was Mr. Carroll, who simply an
nounced Ir. Jones, Mr. Tatum, Mr.
Bacot, Mr. Belton Watson, Mr. Magill,
Mr. McSweeney and a host of others
heartily seconded the nomination.
There was no use to delay matters and
the nominations were closed without
any opposition or a suggestion of it. .
According to- the Constitution all
such officers have to be elected by a
viva voce vote, and the process of call
ing the roll and recording each indivi
dual vote had to be gone through with.
When the tellers announced the vote
the Hdn. Ira B. Jones had receiv, d all
of the votes cast.
Mr. Jones was conducted to his seat
and at once began _ctive work, but be
fore doing so be asked to express his
very deep. appreciation of the honor
conferred on him. An election would
have been an honor to anyone, but to
have it as unanimous as his was doubly
so. He was proud to feel that it was
done with such apparent unanimity
and heartiness. Hesaid that hethought
the interests of South Carolina were
safe in the bands of the present Legis
lature. While a large proportion of the
members were strangers to him, yet he
knew by their honest faces and the
reputation they brought with them
from home that the interests of the
State were perfectly safe in the hands
of the members.
He hoped that harmony and unity
would mark the deliberations of the
body and that nothing would be done
that would mar the peaceand harmony
of the people. He a.-ked for the co
operation of the members in bis work,
for after all be was the mere mouth
piece of the House. He hoped that all
of the members would take an active
interest in the dispatch of business.
Speaker Jones then called for the
OTHER OFFICERS CHOSEN.
There was a little fight over the clerk
ship, Mr. J. Walter Gray, the incum
bent, had an opponent in Editor Koes
ter, of the Register. When the vote was
announced J. WV. Gray had 110 and
Koester 11, so Gen. Gray, who was
nominated as a soldier and a member
of tbe Wallace House, was elected, and
all e had to do was t;o record the elec
tion and go right along with the work
of the office..
Sergeant-at-arms St;ansell had opposi
tion in the nominations, but they all
fell by the wayside and-sergeant Stan
se-lI received 901 votes, while Mr R D.
Bullock, of Fairfield, got 13, and Mr. J.
J. McCarley, of Spartanburg, received
14. Mr. Stansell is the present efficient
sergeantatarms and the newspaper
men especially are glad of his re-elec
The Senate got ahead of the proces
sion and sent in wordl that it was ready
to go to work. The House was glad to
hear it, but went on with the election
of its officers. Rea.ding Clerk J. S.
Withers, who has ani enduring voice,
well moduated, was unanimously re
OLD RULES ADOPTED.
Without any objection the rules of
the last session were ordered printed
and all of the members will be provided
with copies, which they can "read up"
at their leisure.
Speaker Jones asked to announce the
following appointments Assistant
clerk, S. W. Vance: Journal clerk W.
W. Prince; bill clerk, T. C. Hamer;
doorkeepers, Joseph R. Witherspoon,
Peter Sanders and H ugh WV. Taylor.
The committeee ap.pointed to wait on
the Governor reported that Governor
Tillman would communicate with the
House in the morning. Soon afterwards
the Governor extended an invitation
from thbe may or and commit tee of Rock
Hill to visit and inspect the magnifi
c-nt work that has already been done
at the Winthrop Normal and industrial
College. Upon motion t e invitation
was accepted, and the members of the
House will celebrate Thanksgiving Day
by visiting Rock Hill.
CONTEST FOR CHAPLAIN.
The only election in which two bal
lots were necessary was that of chap
lain. The nou,inees were the Rev. J.
H. Tillinghast, L. T. Carroll, and L.
E. Wingard. On the first hillot the
Rev. Mr. Carroll received 37 votes, the
Rev. Mr. Tillinghiast 32 and the Rev.
Mr. Wingard 30. On the second ballot,
after the changes, so as to secure an
election, the Rev. Mr. Carroll received
6 votes Mr. Carroll is a Baptist min
ister living in Columbia.
SOME NEW BILLS.
Some of those prepared were interest
ing. Mr. Earle has a salary reduction
bill. He proposes to have the Governor
after Mr. Evans paid $2 000 and the
other officers in propostion. All of the
changes, excepting those of the Gov
ernor, Lieutenant Governor, Judges
and State Treasurer, are to go into
effect on the 1st of January, if the bill
ever gets through.
AGAINST SWEARING AND DRUNKEN
Mr. Burns has a unique bill on
drunkenness. It provides:
Section 1. Any person or persons who
shall be found on any highway or at
any public place or public gathering
under the influence of liquor or in an
intoxicated or drunken condition, or
,any person or persons who shall use
vulgar, obscene or profane language on
any highway or at any public place or
public gathering, shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor and upon conviction of
any of said oflences shall be fined not
less than ten dollars nor more than
fifty dollars, or imprisoned not less
than five days nor more than thirty
Section 2. That all fines collected for
any and all of the offences enumerat
ed in Section I of this Act shall be paid
to the county treasurer and become a
part of the public school fund of such
Section 3. All Acts and parts of Acts
inconsistent herewith be, and the same
are hereby, repealed.
REGULATING THE TELEGRAPH COM
Mr. Earle has a bill that proposes to
permit damages for the non-deliver
ance of messages where no actual dam
age can be shown. It provides:
Section 1. That every electric tele
graph company with a line of wires
wholly or partly in the State and en
gaged in telegraphing for the public
shall during the usual office hours re
ceive dispatches, whether from other
telegraphic lines or from the indivi
viduls, and on payments or tender of
the usual charges shall transmit and
deliver forthwith the same with im
partiality and good faith and with due
diligence under penalty of $50, which
penalty may be recovered by suit in a
Court having jurisdiction therefore by
eitber the sender of the dispatch or the
person to whom sent or directed,
whichever may first sue, and this pen
alty shall be recoverable in every-case
where a dispatch has been accepted for
transmission by any agent of such
electric telegraph comp inies, whether
charges have been prepaid or not: Pro
vided, that nothing herein shall be con
structed as impairing or in any way
modifying the right of any person to
recover damages for any such breach of
coutract of duty by any telegraph com
pany, and said penalty and said dam
ages may, if the party so elect, be re
covered in the same suit.
Section 2. That such companies shail
deliver all dispatches to the persons to
whom the same are addrecsed or to
their agents on payment of any charges
due for the same, provided such per
Sons or agents reside within one mile of
the telegraph station or within the city
or town in which such station is, or if
not residing in said limits that the
sender of the dispatch specify in the
dispatch the place at. which in said
limits the dispatch is to be delivered.
STATUTE OF LIMITATION FOR MISDE
Another bill reads:
Section 1. That no person shall be
convicted of any misdemeanor unless
the prosecution be first commenced
within two years after the offence
charged shall have been committed.
Section 2. That all Acts and pai ts of
Acts inconsistent with this Act be, and
the same are hereby, repealed.
PAYING FOR MURDERS.
Section 1. That in every case where a
person suffer death at the hand of an
other person, and where the felon shall
have been duly and finally convicted,
the county in which such bomicide
shall have occurred, or where the
wound was inflicted that resulted in
death, shall pay to the widow or hns
band of the deceased, or to the heir or
legal representatives of the deceased,
$200, to be paid as other claims.against
THE WORK STARTEDIN THE SENATE
GEN. Rt. R. HE31PHILL ELECTED
COLUMBIA, November 27.-The Sen
ate assembled at noon. Dr. Sampson
Pope, whbo was clerk of the preceding
senate, was present to nut the ball in
motion and at 12 o'clock he called the
body to order. Prayer was offered by
the Rev. Mr. Blalock, the blind chap
lain from Edgetield.
Preseident Timmerman then took
charge of the pr:ceedings and indulged
in a short welcoming address to the
Senators, giving them a cordial greet
ing and hoping that the session would
be a pleasant one.
-Se.nator Harrison was unanimously
he.d Prt'sdent pro tem.
'1 be e was something of a muddle
about this time, some of the members
making an effort to adjourn and post
pone the election of officers until to
morrow. It was shown that the Senate
could not adjourn until the organiza
tion was completed by the election of
Senator Wilson first made the mo
tion to postpone, which he after some
conversation withdrew. He then
moved to hold the elections by ballot.
This brougbht the junior Senator from
Charleston, Mr. Barnwell, to his feet
and he made the point of order that the
Constitution required that all elections
by the General Assembly, except Cir
cuit Judges, be vivavoce. This point
was sustained and the election for clerk
was entered into. The candidates
were: Gen. R. R. Hemphill, of Abbe
ville; the Rev. J. A. Sligh, of Newber
ry, and 1i. M. McCown, of Florence,
who was assistant clerk of the pre
vious Senate. On the first ballot the
For Hemphill: Barnwell, Barton,
Brice, Buist, Dennis. Fuller, Mayfield,
McCalla, Miller, McDaniel, Norris,
Rain, Sanders, Turner, Wilson-15.
For Sligh: Douglass, DuBp~se, Efird,
Jordan, Mauldin, Moses, Mower,
O'Dell, Sinan, Stribling, Watson'-11.
For McCown-Brown, Byrd, Der
ham, Finley, Harrison, Kirkland,
Stackhouse, Verdier, Williams-s.
On the second ballot Gen Hemphill
was elected, receiving 20 votes to 16 for
J. C. Elliott was re-elected sergeant
at-arms, getting 29 votes, J. - E. Smith
When it came to the election of a
reading clerk Mr. Jordan moved that
each candidate be required to read three
minutes before the Senate. After this
interesting and timely performance
the vote was announced as follows: W.
H. Stewart 28, R. L. Gunter 4, N. K.
Under a resolution of Mr. McDaniel
the President was authorized to make
the same number and character of ap
pointments as heretofore. Pressident
immermian announced the following
appointments: Journal clerk, Jessa T.
Ganttr bill clerk, E. A. Perry; door
keeper, Thomas Whittle; assistant, J.
R. Boyes; gallery doorkeeper, Marion
Darr; assistaint, S. M. Scott; pages.
Edward L. McDaniel and Caldwell
Smith; postal clerk, E. 0. Jenkins.
Dr. Pope, through a petition intro
duced by Senator Mower, by request.
Conservative Senator from Newberry,
began his fight for the exposure of
fruds in the recent general election
and his contest of the election of Mr,
Evans as Governor. Tbr petition was
referred to the committee on elections.
DR. POPE'S PETITION.
sets forth that the election for Gover
nor was not a legal one, and not held
under and in accordance with the Con
stition of South Carolina. but was an
illegal one, held under the provisions
of the Act of 1682, whose registration
provisions are in direct violation of
Sections 31, 33 and 34 of Article 1; of
Sections 2 and 3 of Article 2; of Section
2 of Article 3; of Section 2, 3, 7, 8, and
10 of Article 8 of the Constitution of
this State, and of divers provisions of
the Constitution of the United States.
The petition alleges that :he consti
tutional provision of Section 31, of
Article 1, requiring that all elections
shall be free and open, was forcibly,
grossly and shamefully violated in the
increase of John Gary Evans, depriv
ing thousauds of voters or their right
to select their public servants.
It is alleged that "under guise of
complying with the statutory pro
visions that a space or enclosure be
ratled off at each precinct, managers of
election erected at the precincts, in
utter defiance and mockery of the spirit
and letter of the Constitution and
statutory provisions, such barricades
and obstructions as to utterly cut off all
views of their action and prevent the
election from being free and open.
"That said managers and others by
intimidation and physical force drove
thousands of legally qualified voters
from the polling places. That maha
gers so frequently shifted the position
of the ballot-boxes and refused to read
the names thereon as to succeed in the
intended fraud of depriving illiterate
voters from voting. That many mana
gers unlawfully rejected the votes of a
great numberof legally qualified voters,
alleging that the numbers on their
registration tickets and the book did
"That the managers fraudulently
abstracted Pope ballots from the boxes
and substituted Evans ballots. That
many managers fraudulently delayed
voters so as to deprive others of voting.
That many supervisors fraudulently
issued certificates to voters who desired
to vote for Evans and thus was his vote
increased by thousands of illegal votes."
The petition declares that these
frauds, intimidations and acts of
violence committed by supervisors,
managers and partisans of John Gary
Evans were oommitted in very many
cases at the immediate instance of the
county chairmen of the Democratic
party, who in turn received their in
structions and orders as to such action
from John L. M. Irby, chairman of the
Democratic State Executive Commit
tee, and United States Senator from
South Carolina, and from Benjamain
R. Tillman, Governor of the State of
South Carolina, commander-m-chiet of
tne imilita of the State, its highest civil
and military chief, whose sworn duty
it was to care that the laws be faith
fully executed in mercy, but who so far
from doing so in some instances in
structed baid county chairmen to call
to their aid in executing these frauds,
acts of intimidation and violence,
sheriffs, constables and armed forces of
the State if necessary for their accom
The petition further alleges that but
for these frauds Dr. Pope would bavp a
large majority of -the votes cast. The
request is made that this contest of
election of Governor be determined by
legal procedure, stating that the pe
titioner stands ready to prove his
allegations by competent and credible
Accompanying this petition was a
concurrent resolution that Dr. Pope be
beard before each body of the General
Assembly and that he have process to
issue from said bodies for the forth
coming of witnesses to prove the allega
tions of his petitions, that pending said
contest the returns for Governor shall
not be opened and tabulated.
Among the bills introduced were the
A bill to amend an Act entitled "An
Act to protect primary eleetions and
conventions of political parties and to
punish frauds committed thereat,"
approved Dece.nber 22, 1888.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the
Senate and House of Representatives
of the State of South Carolina, now
met and sitting in General Assembly,
and by the authority of the same, That
Section 1 of an Act entitled "An Act to
protect primary elections and conven
tions of political parties and to punish
frauds committed thereat," approved
December 22, 1888, be amended by
adding after the words "by such rules"
on the tenth line of said section the
following: "Provided, that in addition
to the managers selected in the manner
prescribed by any political party,
organization or association for the pur
pose of choosing candidates for office or
the election of delegates to conventions,
each candidate for any office at said
primary election shall have the right
to name at each polling precinct at
which such primary election involving
his candidacy is held one person as
watcher to represent him at such
polling precinct, and such person or
persons so selected by each candidate
shall be entitled to be present at said
polling precinct from the opening of
the polls until the votes cast at said
election shall be counted and tabulated
by the managers, and shall be per
mitted to watch the conduct of said
election and the count of the ballots
cast: Provided further, that no person
shall be entitled to vote at any primary
unless he produces his registration cer
tificate and is qualified to vote for the
ofiers to be nominated thereat on the
day of the election. So that said Sec
tion 1 when so -amended shall read as
"Section 1. Be it enacted by the Sen
ate and House of Representatives of
the State of South Carolina, now met
and sitting General Assembly, and by
the authority of the same, That every
political primary election held by any
political party, organizati or associa
tion, for the purpose of choosing candi
dates for offce or the election of dele
gates to conventions, shall be presided
over and conducted in the manner
prescribed by the rules of the political
party, organization or association hold
ing such primary election by managers
selected in the manner prescrib'ed by
such rules: Provided, that in addition
to the managers selected in the man
ner prescribed by any political party,
organization or association, for the pur
pose of choosing candidates for office, or
the election of delegates to Convention,
each candidate for any office at said
pimary election shall have the right to
name at each polling precinct at which
such primary election involving his
candidacy is held one person as watch
er to represent him at such polling
precinct, and such person or persons
so selected by each candidate shall be
entitled to be present at said polling
precinct from the ..pening of the polls
until the votes cast at said election
shall be counted and tabulated by the
managers, and shall be permitted to
watch the conduct of said election and
the count of the ballots cast: Provided
further, that no person shall be entitled
to vote at any primary unless he pro
duces his: registration certificate and is
qualified to vote for the officers to be
nominated thereat on the day of the
election. Such managers shall, before
entering upon the discharge of their
duties ea take and snhseribe an oath
that he will fairly, impartially and
honestly conduct the same aecording to
the provisions of this Act and the rules
of such party, organization or associa
tion. Should one or more of the mana
gers appointed to hold such election
fail to appear on the day of election the
remaining manager or managers shall
appoint others in their stead and ad
minister to them the oath herein pres
cribed. The managers shall take the
oath herein prescribed before a notary
public or other officer authorized to
administer oaths, but if no such officer
can be conveniently had the managers
may administer the oath to each other.
Such oaths shall, after being sub
scribed by the managers, be filed in the
office of clerk of Court for the county
in which such election shall be held
within five days after such election."
Section 2. That Section 4 of said Act
be amended by adding the words "or
watcher" after the words "and any
manager" on the fifth line of said Sec
tion 4, so tiat said Section 4, as amend
ed, shall read as follows:
"Section 4. Any manager who shall
be guilty of wilfully violating any of
the duties devolved upon such position
hereunder shall be guilty of a mis
demeanor, and upon conviction thereof
shall be punishea by line not to exceed
one hundred dollars or imprisonment
not to exceed six months; and any
manager or watcher who shall be guilty
of fraud or corruption in the manage
ment of such election shall be guilty of
a misdemeanor and upon conviction
thereof shall be fined in a sum not to
exceed five hundred dollars or imprison
ment for a term not to exceed twelve
months, or both, in the discretion of
Leads to nervousne-s, fretfulness,
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TIRED, WEAK, NERVOUS,
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For this great good I give Dr. Miles'
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r.ee Mha th fit botle wilm eft
gsell it at $1,6 bottles for IS5 or
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We have marked our entire line
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For your-choice.... .. ..
COME AT ONCE.
NOTICE OF ELECTION.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN
.l. that an election for Mayor and
Aldermen to serve for the ensuing year
will be held in the Council Chambers
on the 11th day of December, 1894, with
W. J. Lake, D. WV. T. Kibler and Dr.
Jno. C. Halfacre as Managers of said
election. The polls will open at 8
o'clock a. in., and close at 6 o'clock
By order of the Council.
C. A. BOWMAN,
Clerk and Treasurer.
noemhar 27th. 1894.
A UFE POUCY IN THE
Uoion IRtRl Lifo
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vided for is exhausted in Extended Insurance.
The Union -d#&'
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ture Law, provisions which can apply only
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The Union Mutual
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The undersigned, General Managa for
South Carolina, respectfully, and the
utmost'conftdence in this company cals the
attention of the people of Newber and of
the tate, to the solid merits of THE UNION
MUTUA L. And those wishing Insurance, or
any informrtion relating thereso. will have
their wants cheerfolly and prompty coin
pied with by applying to the underiI
person or by letter, or to any of -his Local
To whom liberal contracts will be offered
B. B. EVANS,
General M3'anager for S&tah Ca ri
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Cash or Instalmienss
New INachines Traded .for
AWell Euio BicycleR
GONZALES & WITHiERS,
Columabia, 8. C. -
HEREAS toAMS D.uf COZBY.
ath' mad-e. sunict toze me to ran
whim Laa et of dmso,int atin f th
ish al and Finllr e kiroaed nde
Eseredcs ofesi Ja.mes S. Cozby,
deceased, that they be and appear be
fore me, in the Court of Probate, to be
held at New berry Court House, en the
8th day of December next, after publicla
tion hereof, at Il o'clock in the forenon,
to show cause, if any they have, why
the said Administration should not be
Given under my hand this 24th day
of November, Anno Domini 1894.
J. -B. FELLERS, J. P. N. C.
I HAVE OPENED AN OFFICE
in building occupied by F. Z. Wil
son, Insurance Agent,- two doors north
of Postoffiee, where I will attend to the
collection of accounts of8Smith& Wearn.
All parties indebted to said firm will
please call and see me, as this business
will have to be settled up at once.
R. D. SMITH,
For Smith & Wearn.