Newspaper Page Text
-TWCNEWBERRY,_S.C., A, 0 A Y
4 AGRIV'JLTURAL INTERESTS
ENDANGERI'2 BY FLOODS.
Millons at Stake-Orop Depends Upon
When the Water Recedes-A Good One
May Yet be Made.
.-Whshington, April 11.-A state
mont on the agricultural interests of
the submerged districts of the Mis
sissippi valley south of Cairo, Ills.,
has been issued by the department
of agriculture. It is based upon a
chart prepared under the direction
of the chief of the weather bureau,
showing the extent of the flood on
April 0. To this chart the depart
mont has applied the crop statements
of 1896 as representing moro closely
than any other available data the
acreage and value of the .- ps
of 1897 'now in dang;*.
The statistics o pulation, of the
number and cage of farms, and of
the value of farins and farm imple
ments a those of the consus, and
the a istics of live stock are the de
part'int's own figures for Jan. 1,
The total area under water on
April 6 was about 15,800 square
miles, of which 7,900 square miles
was in Mississippi, 4,500 square
miles in Arkansas, 1,750square miles
in Missouri, 1,200 in Tennessee and
450 in Louisiana. This region con
tained in 1800, so far as can be do
termined, in view of the somewhat
indefinite boundary lines of the
flood, a population of 379,685, of
which 180,489, or about one-half,
was in Mississippi, 100,235 in Arkan
sas and the remaindor almost equally
divided between Missouri and Ten
nessoo. Taking the entire region,
the colored population outnumbered
the whites in the proportion of 12 to
7, the colored predominating in the
flooded districts of Mississippi in the
ratio of more than 5 to 1, and in
Arkansas in that of 2 to 1. In Mis
souri and Tennessee the population
of the flooded districts is largely
white, in the former State in the
proportion of 10 to 1, and in the lat
ter in that of 2 to 1.
The flooded districts coutain, it is
estimated about 39,500 farms of
which about 18,500 are in Mississippi,
noarly 10,000 in Arkansas and a like
number equally divided between
Misiourj an.1 Tonnesseo. Th3se farm
containa total area of about 3,800,
600:6res, one-half of which is in
Mississippi and rather over one
fourth in Arkansas, the proportions
in Missouri andTennessee being about.
the same in the caselof the number of
farms. The total value of these
farms with their improvements, farm
implements, etc., is close upon $65,
000,000, and here also the propor
tion in the diffrent States are about
the same as above noted. The to
tal number of acres improved at the
taking of the last census was about
2,000,000, and about 1,500,000 acres
were last year devoted to cotton and
corn, to which crops nearly 95 per
cent of the entire acreage cultivated
The live stock-on hand January .1,
of the p)rosent year was valued at
over $7,500,000, divided in very
much the same proportion as other
farnm pi-oporty. It is estimated that
ovjlho crops of last year over $3,
7,000) wor-th remained on hand in
tod~ submerged region on the lasi
~of the inornth-cotton representing
about two-thirds of this and corn
p)ractically all the remainder.
The lasgest interests at stake so
far are those of Mississiuppi, whose
flooded districts represent an invest
ed capital in agriculture alone of
close upon $42,000,000. Over 18,
000 farms containing 2,000,000
acres of land of an average value of
about $18 an acre are under water in
the country lying between the Mis
sisippi tAhd Yazoo rivers, including
some of the most p)roductive lands of
the State. Tihecir live stock, even at
the present lowv prices, is worth
nearly $3,500,000, and the farmers
and p)lanters are estimated to have
-abput $2,000,000 worth of the crops
of last year still on hand.
Arkansas stands next in the cx
tent of its imperilled intorosts, nearly
10,000 farms containing 1,000,000
acres of land worth over $14,000,000,
being submerged. Those farms con
tain live stock to tho value of over
$1,500,000 and crops unsold and un
consumed to the value of nearly
$900,000, the entire agricultural in
torests of lands representing a valuO
not far short of $17,000,000. The
agricultural interests affected in
Missouri represent a total capital of
over $9,000,000,00, the 5,300 sub
merged farms containing an area of
about 470,000 acres, worth about
$7,250,000, the live stock represent
ing nearly $1,500,000 more and the
the crops on hand another half
T'6nnesseo is not far behind Mis
siiri in the extent of its imporilled
interests, the number and acroago of
the submerged farms being very
noarly the same. Tho entiro value,
including $1,250,000 for live stock
and $400,000 for crops on hand, is
What offect the flood will have
upon the crops of the present season
(open.ds upon the length of its con
nuance and the practicability of
.hoat planting after the subsidence
of the flood. Tho ent-iro region under
water April 6, produce last year
about 370,000 bales of cotton, valued
it close on $13,000,000; over .11.000
)00 bushels of corn, worth about $3,
-00,000, and wheat, potatoos aud hay
worth over $800,000 more. The
most valuable portion of those orops
was raised in Mississippi, whose
region now submerged producod
tioarly a quarter of a million bales of
cotton, besides other products mostly
for local consumption.
The counties wholly or partially sub
merged are among the largest cotton
producing counties in the United
States. Yazoo county, which alone
ins produced over 50,000 bales in a
season, is one-half under water,
while Bolivar, Coahoma, Issaquena
and other famous counties are part
ially submerged. The weather bu
,01a predicts a further extension of the
doodod area, but no attempt. of
course, has been mado to estimato the
serious po.ssibilities of such oxtonsion.
The weather buroau publishes a map
of the country flooded on April 1, and
says: "The flood water now in Mis
sissippi is just beginning > - - t - i
the Mississippi river through the
Yazoo at a point just n(rth of Vicks
burg. It is expected that this flood
will pass into the Mississippi botwoen
the mouth of the Yazoo and Mili
ken's Landing; a few miles to the
north. The gradually increasing
strain expeted during the next few
days on the Louisians side opposite
the place where the Yazoo floods5 re
turn to the Mississippi renders it
possible that the levees 'ma break
and the flood pour through, and
northeastern Lou isi ana, fonnmerly
covered by floods will be flooded
again this year. Heroic wvork is nowv
being done on the levees of northern
Louisiana, and it is hoped that they
will be heldi int act."
Why take Johnson's
Chill & Fever Tonic?
Because it cures the
most stubborn case
of Fever in ONE DAY
A Notabule Uo,nversionu
To the Editor of the New York
World: Who: after a lifetime do
voted to woman suffrage, Miss
Phoebe Cousins, of St. Louis, advises
all young women to marry and let
public life alone, it is certainly good
advice. Miss Cousins has been one
of the most p)ractical of new women.
I remember when she was deputy
United States marshal andi in active
charge of the oflice under her invalid
father. She armed a large force of
"specials" and sent them to the 1)0118
with a display of bull-dog revolvers,
which exasperated everybody on the
other side. But sho did not mind
that in the least. When a woman
of that kind decidos that, afteor all. it
is best to be feminine, her conversion
is indeed notable.
Nenw York, April5.,1897.
Associate Justice Ira B, Jones
A NATivE, OF NEllitRY, NOW A VITI
ZEN OF LANCASTER.
As it Lawyer, Legislator and Jutdge-iIe
wins imn 1roiotlon by the Faithful
Diseiargo of Duty.
Mr. Associate Justice Ira B. Jones
is 45 years old, and the high posi
tion he has attainod his been earned
by his own individualwort.h, integrity
and high consientious character. He
was born Decomber 29th, 1851, in
Newberry, as statod by Mr. Thur
mond in nominating him to the Sn
promo Court, his inhoritanco was a
good name and honost character.
With this solid foundation to build
upon, Mr. Justice Jones at an early
ago developed a character that has
not brought him political honor, but
which has stamped him as a man
head and shoulders with his follow
citizens. His rise to high and
meritod honor is but another illue
tration of the adago "overy man is
the architect of his own fortune."
The early years of his life wore
I)otit in Newberry, where he entered
the Lutheran College there and
went through tho sophomore class.
In 1868 lie ontored tho junior
class of Erskine Collogo and grad
unted in the class of 1870. Among
the distinguished men in church
and state who were members of this
class was James Calvin Hemphill,
editor of the News and Courier. At
Erskine Collego Mr. Jones was a
momber of the Euphomlian Literary
Society, in which he distinguished
himself as an orator and debater.
IHe was medal orator of his society at
After graduation ho returned to Now
berry and taught school two years in
that county and Edgeliold, studying
law ill the meantime. While in
Newberry he was associate editor of
the Herald of that town. He wits
dmitted to the bar when 2L years
ld and since that time has followed
is profossion with zeal aid succoss,
s is evidenced by bis elevation to
>o of the highest and most rospon
ble positions in the gift of the Poo
In the fall of 18751 Mr. Justice
Jones removed to Lancaster and has
ince resided in that town. It was
then a town without a railroad or
tlegrapli facilities, but there were
great possibilities open to an activO,
mnorgetic young iap. The town and
-ounty were undeveloped, but a rail
road was heading towvards Lancaster
foim Chester. Mr. Justice Jones,
thn a lawyer just beginmg profess
ional life, induced by his cousin,
Capt. WV. L. DePass, late of Camden,
cast his lot in Lancaster. When lie
got there lhe had ten dollars in his
pocket and no friends and acquaint
ance's. Hol had energy and( p)luck,
however, which ftonj counit for
more than dollars, and always bring
As a lawvyer jno has been at the
head of the profession in tihe State.
In recent years his services were
largely in deimand by the State.
In the celebrated cases in reference
to the railroad taxes, which Goev
rnor Trilhinan pushed so vigorously,
Judge Jones was chief counsel of the
Attorney General. From tho in
coptioni of the railroad tax cases his
advice was alwvays most valuable,
and it is generally conceded that mie
victory of the State in these cnsos
was largely due to his services as
Politically Mr. Justico Jones has
nlways taken a prominent p)art in the
affairs of the State. In the politi
cal revolution of 1890 hie showed
that his sympjathies were with the
peopll as against the then "domi
nant elomniit" andu hie was sent as a
member of the Legislature from.
Lancaster. He immediately to, i
prominent part in the deliberations
of that body and was appointed as
chairman of the ways and means
committee and by common consent
was the acknowvledgod le'nker of the
House. On the election of Speaker
Irby to the United States Senate ho
wa chosen Spakre of the House,
which position ho filled until Jan
uary 30th, 180, when he was unan
imously ol.-cted Associate Justice.
By his uniform courtesy, kindness
and fairness as Speaker lie received
the approbation of till factions and
parties. No Speaker had boon more
popular or won more praise from
members of all political faiths for
his manner of conducting and ox
poditiig the businoss of tho body
over which io prosided. He was
electod a membor of the constitu
tional conveition, in which body ho
took a prominent part and was
chosen vice president. Bosides
theso honors, Mr. Justico Jones was
for years county chairman of the
Democratic party, chairman of the
Congrossional district and a membor
of the State exOcutivo committo.
While thus full of political honors
from his follow citizens, Mr. Justico
Jones has|uot boon noted only in a po
litical wiy. In edtucational matters
he has always boon. foremost. Bo
sides being a momber of the board
of trustoos of the South Carolina
Collogo and Erskine Collego, he is a
member of the board of the Lan
caster graded school, a school which
was started largoly through his
instrumentality, and has assumed a
high position among such schools ill
tho State. At the opening of Win
throp Collogo lie took a promliielt
part in the corner stono laying exor
cises, delivering the dedicatory ad -
dress. In charitable works lie lots
not his left hand know what his right
hand dooth. His goo. doods have
mado many a poor man, womni and
child happy of which the world has
Mr. Justice Jones married Miss
Rebecca Wyse, daughter of the late
Capt. Joseph Wyso, of Edgofiold,
now SalIda. He has living two sons
and three daughters. Io is a con
sistent member of the Associate lie
formed Presbyterian Church, being
an older of the church at Lancastor,
as well as the superintendant of the
Sunday School of the samo church.
As a Judge, Mr. Justico Jones is
making one of the ablost. His
opinions are clear tnd to the point.
His mind is marked by great fair
noss, vigor and acutoliess.
Qainine and other fe
ver medicines take from 5
to 10 days to cure fever.
Johnson's Chill and Fever
Tonic cures in ONE3 DAY.
AN EASTER HYMN.
Aleuia I Alleluia
Now at last the battle's done,
Nowv tiho victory is wvon.
So with heart and soul and voice
Let the Church of Christ rejoice;
Lot heaven and earth with anithems ring
To hail tile great triumphant Kin1g.
Lo, as from the grave Hie p)assed,
The gates of Death wvere closed fast,
While these of Hleavent were op)oned
To Christ and all for wvhom Hie died.
Let us then rejoice, and sing
Hlosannas to our Saviour King.
Alleluia !Alleluia I
Jesus Christ hlathi overcome
The powver of Death, hth burst thle
The gates of Hell have striven inl vaini
To hold( him in its dark dlomain;
Let all tile earth with one )r-"ord
Praise Christ tihe Victor, Jhrist the
In the grave His body13 lay,
To rise again on the third dlay
In celestial glory bright,
In kingly majesty and might;
Then let us magnify and land
Jesus resurgent, Christ our G~od.
Jesus, by Thy wounids we're healed,
By Thy blood( our p)ardoni's sealed,
Thou from Death hath set us free
With Thee to live eternally:
That, living with Thee, we may raise
Unceasingly our hymns of praise.
--John Franci; Waller, LL. D.
TIhlat .*oodl's Narsaparilla pr rifles the
blood and( relieves ai vast amount of
sull'ering is not at theory but a well
MR. JUSTICE E. B. GARY
IHE SERVECS THESTA'T'P, WITIA DIGNITY
Sketch of IlII Career-Am it, Lawyer ho
iassked Amviong the Mot '.r*7ninrmuat-Am
at Judgo hs lieptiat4,ii In l1rilliajt.
short ieview of Ilia Liiieage.
It iR iipossiblo, ill writing at moro
sketch, to narrato oven the important
Ovouts in the life of on11 who hals!
played so important a part on the
stago of actioni as Associato Justico
Eugono Blackburn G1ary, and wo
Shall only attempt to give an1 outlino
of his caroor. On the 22nd of Au
gust, 185.1, ho wis born lit Cokes
bury, South Carolina, and after at
tending tho schools at that place, in
til .1872, entered the South Caroli
lina Univorsity, and that your received
his diploma inl the classicil branclies.
At the ago of eighteon Ie com
monticed the study of law inder his
uncle, Gen. L. W. Gary, of Edgo
field, South Carolina, and was id
mitted to the practico i few weeks
after attaining his majority. Io
taught school Onlo year at .1o0dges,
South Carolina, after gradualtilig at
the South Carolina University.
Shortly after being admitted to
the bar, Mr. Gary located at Abbe
villo, S. C., whero 1h( colt iliously
practiced his profession till .189.1.
ks. a lawyer ho ranked among the
nost prominont, in his profession inl
ioutlih Carolina, and was (.ngagod iln
i great many important viasos, ill
4om1e of which the imost important
principlos of law have been settled
by the Supremo Court of the Stato.
[n 1881, wIe Gell. Carlos J. Stl
rand contested the election of Hon.
1). Wyatt, Aikei to Congross, Mr.
(11ary represented Ion. D. Wyatt
Aikon, in whoso favor Congress do
elarod the election.
In iasonry the subject of this
iketch wis a bright and conspicuous
ligare, and the archives of the Grand
Lodge contitin many te8timionials of
In 1882, 1881, 1891) and 1892 ho
,vas Olected County Chairman of the
Democratic party inl Abbovillo Coin
y-his election bein(g uim11111os 3
Inl 1882 and 1888 he WaS eIected
ai m1emnber of the Stato Deiocratic
Executive Connittee. One of tho
manifestations of colifideneo which
hIe most highly approciated was
when the rtles of th cont.y conven
[ion woro musponded, and hto ai s not
onily elcteid a delegate to * State
of the delegation, lifter he hald de
Blned a iininiat ion and lifter the
ballots had heen cast but niot counit
[ad. Mr. Gary served one term ini
Legislaturo anid ' r gineld such aL
reputation that inl the niext campa)ligni.
lie was elected Lieutenant11f Governor,
o which ollico lie wasI elected at soc
It was while serving hiis scond1(
Lormi as Lieuitenanit (Governior that lhe
waus electedl Associate Justice of the
Supreme Courti, in wvhich hiigh ollic
lie is niow serving wvith dlignlity, aibil1
ity, and to thie satisfaiction of the( bar.
'h'hio journials of the Senaito conitin
resolutions unnilimlously adoptedl 1by
[lie Senate attestong the hiigh esteemi
in whliich Lieutenant Governor Gary
wasH regardledl by that 1)0(1y on aiC
lonnt of hiis piromplt , able and( imp1.r
biail rulings 1as its presidling officer,
mclh t,ime when lie retired fromi that
MNr. J1usticeoJll) Gary arried Miss
I'lZla Tu'ston1, ai dIirect descenidanit
rromu Hon. B3enjamnini 'Tusten, umom-i
ier of (lie first Colonial Congress of
N4ow York, anfd whose son,~ Benljamliin
Tuisteni, wasi ha colonel dunrinig t,he
Rlevoluttionahry' wa1r. Col. Benijamini
Tuisteni wast killed while at the hiead
of his regiment lighting for A mori -
11nn inideponnl(eo, and1( hiis brave
[loeds lire commflemorated b)y a miag
nlificent mnonumenit erected by the
putbi li t Goshen, N. Y.
T1hie mnother of Mr. .Justico Gary,
who is no~w living, was5 Miss Mary
Carolino Blackburn, a lineal descenid
antt fromn Willham Blackburn, an othi
c(or whlo wais killed lit King's Mouni
tinin (luring the Rnynonution, 'anil
bravoly fighting for American indo
His fathor was Dr. F. F. Gary,
who was an ominiont, physician and
hold many positions of powor and
trust during his lifetiio. On his
father's side, Mr. .Justico Gary is a
linoal descendant from John With
erlpoon, eiontionod inl sovoral of our
historical sketchos, Who was born uar
Glasgow, Scotland, in .1679, and on
account of the porsecuitions suttforod
thorv, during the timo of tho Stu
arts, Imoved to Ireland and from
thoro to Villiamnishnrg county in
1 134. John Wit,borspeo k was tho
grandson of Mrs. Lucy Welch, the
granddaugihtor of John Knox, the
great Reformor, Who, woe1 are inform.
ml, 1narried a linoal (lsondanlilt of
.tobert the Bruce, of Scotland.
lon. Ernest Gary, Jdgo of the
5th circuit, anid lion. Frank 11. Gt
ry, Speakor of the flouso of Repro.
SOitatt.ivos, 110 his only brothers, and
Mrs. .Janes M. Eason, of Charlos
ton, is their only sistor.
Tho high esteem inl which the do
cisions of our Supreme Court aro
held, oven outside the State, is duo
in great measiluro to the analytical
and judicial casto of Imind of the
Subject of this skotch, who is now in
the zonlith of mantilhood and t.horo is
Overy asSurafice that. he will add to
his already groat reputation as a
Rev. iam emJ,li- TMIA' liow N, wspapors
Rev. SaIn 1.). Jolies, together vith
sOveral other ministers of Atlanta, has
complained Soiewlat, hitterly of lato
against tho newspaiors instructing
the clergy What to preach about.
WNhat Mr. Jonos considors is news
an(I what, hie conidIers is not news is
cortaiil interesting, whether it, ho
inst.ructfivo or. not.
, "A n(.vspaepor," said Mr. Jonos, in
rosponso to a question, "should print
all the news but 1iasty news. I do
Iot coinsidor the fact that Bill Smit,h
committm suicido or lJohn Brown
shot a woliall of had reputo is the
rigL:. kind of nsuuif with which to fill
up a reputablo newspaper. Every
day I Seo at choice, assortmeint of
nmir,lers, arsons, suicidos, prizo
fights, dog fights, bull fights and
other back-alloy nitrations (lished up
in the (ily paper for 111y dolecta
tion. 'I'hatt sort of news may be
plblished inl an--wor to it demand
from a part of the pipor's consti
tieiits, b)ut this in ioit. the m,at that,
given it permnnit suipport.
"'I think Th'io New York- Times is
the ideal newspaper. The late Joe
McCullaghi, of the St. Louis (Globe
D)emocrat, said thle best newspaper'
maii w~as the fellowv whoi knoew whoro
1h(l1 wouild brealk looso( next. T1hait's
at fair doefinlitionl of the averanigo 1)10od
and thiund(er writer. I like best the
newspaper that cani tell wvhore
heaven is going to (10 somothing
"The p)ages of a niewsp~aper are
like thme roomis of at house. If I have
a (lead rad ~t n11n roomi of my houne,
a (1ead( cat ini aniothier, ai dead1( dog ini
aniother, a dead sniake ini another, a
(dead( cow~ iimy dloor yard, and a
dead horse in mys lot, I will either
inove my)3 dead ainimals or faumily.
There is a dead thIiing of, some sort
on nearly every page of the news
)1papes I pick upi these dalys. Either
the dead tinigs imuist. be moved out
of the ne0wspaper) o1 the newspaper
thrown, out the town."
TVho Gospel Temperance Unmon
wvill bo sent. free a111 over SonthI Care
l inn to those nnable to subscribe, and
at 25) cents a1 year to all others.
Two cents extrai gets a beautiful
Th'ie pap ~er in inltendedo to he a rodl
hot flaming wvitniess on church teom
pOeranco line~s agatinst the (demon0 of
strong drink in al1 its phases, en
pecially the liquor t ralie.
Send aiddresses to thle
(lospel Tempora pnce RI[Unioni,
(!olinmian S. C.
Pert4onal Traits of the Founder of Amer.
Ht wias born in Virginia on April
Ho lived to be 83 years'old.
le died on July 4.
Ie was 0 foot 21 inches tall.
His face was angular and not
His eyes had hazel spots in them
on a bitcdground of gray.
1 is friends said his hair was chost
nut; other peopl said it was rod.
Io never swore.
Ho never used tobacco.
lie never played a gamoof chance.
Ie did not know one card from
lie never ontorod a horso in but
one race. The horso won.
Ie wam tin export player on the
Ho was noted as a graceful dancer.
lie liked to ride horseback at a
Io liked to take long, uphill walks.
Ito never road but one work of fic
ti,, the second timo. That one was
The only other fiction lie road was
tha,t of Storno, Fielding, Monmar
tl's 'Talos" and "Gil Blas."
Ito said in youth that Ossian was
the groatost poot that ever existed.
Whon time demonstrated that "Os
sian" was Macpherson, and that Mac.
phorson was something of a literary
fraud, lie did not like to talk about
Wheni he was in the city lie went
to bod at 10 o'clock; in the country
Io put himsolf to sleep compos
ing it "love and murder" fiction.
le got uip when it was light
enough to see the hands of the clock
in his room.
Ie dotested alcoholic drinks.
Io never had a personal encoun
No ono over offered him a person
When lie was a college studon t'io
fell in love with Robecca Burwell.
le called her Bolinda and mado
atrocious Latin pooms on her name;
he likowise wroto poetry about her
very drivelling poetry.
Ito said in the poetry that if Be
linida married somebody olso lie
Belinda married somobody olso.
Tlion JoTorson married a widow.
Tio widow Jofforson married was
named Martha, the same as the wid
owv Wasihiington married, and both
these widows woero rich.
The wid1ow Jefferson married was
the widow of Bathurst Skelton, and
she wasi the daughter of John Kay
When he was married Jefferson
was gottmug an incomo of $3,000 a
year from bis law p)ractice and $2,000
for his estate.
lie inherited from his father 1,900
acres of land and thirty slaves.
His wife inherited 40,000 acres of
landl andl .13l5 slaves.
lit hated titles of all kinds, even
:>bjectinig to "Mr."
lie regarded slavery as a moral
md( p)olitical evil.
lie tested religious anid all other
:nattors by abstract reason.
lie admired the moral character of
,he Saviour, but denied His divino
"THEY ALSO SERVE WHO ONLY
STAND AND WAIT."
['here is so little, Lord, thait I can do;
VIy strength is small; my talents are so
?'or deeds in human eyes accounted
TheouIhast deniedl me strength; I can
Iut if in waiiting I can serve Thee best,
L'henm weaknctess is to m1e1 supIremeirly blest.
k.n emptied vessel I wouli ehuwt io,,
doet for the ser vico Thou dost ask of me;
0mnptied of self that I may wait Thy will,
issu red that Thou my emptiness will fill,
and( if, pierchantuce, I only stand andt wait,
l~et would I serve, in whatsoever state.
know not wvhat my life may hold in
Jpon the future's dim,, mysterious
wait for whatsoe'er Thou gendest me;
L'hrico happy if that waiting prove to be
Llie very service that Thou holdest
'They also servo, who only stand and,
-Edith Virginia nrandt