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E~TABLISHED 1865. ___ __ NEWBERRY, S. C., TUESDAY, JULY 1~, 1897. -~ TWICE A WEEK41.50 A YEAR
lIPOR OF TIlE STATE IIOAitD OF
A Typhohl 34A It" 6 :o1j Text of the
Repo the Investigatlon - Some
(The State, 8th.)
In strango contrast to the state
ments made about the existence of
the typhoid fever epidemic at Clem
son college is the report given below,
filed yesterday with the governor by
the committee of the State board of
health asked by Governor Elletbo to
visit . Ulemson and investigate the
To His Excellency, Governor Eller
Dear Governor: Your committee
hVa the honor to report that in obed
ience to your excellency's instrue
tions we visited Clemson Agricultu
ral college and investigated the.
cause and character of tho prail
ing sickness at that poit;, and noth
0iZ9rg-4tMIiW6 l to render to you of
ficially the results of our- examina
Upon our arrival at Clemson on
Tuesday, the 27th of June, we were
waited upon by President Craig
head and the faculty, who expressed
much gratification at our arrival and
an earnest desire to give us all pos
sible aid in solving the serious prob
lom by which they were confronted
and which had excited painful ap
prehension throughout tho State. It
may not be inelegant to refer to the
extremely picturesque appearance of
Clemson college, crowning the grace
fully undulating hills and st.anding
an enduring monument to its found
. ers. With silent and irresistible olo
quence in behalf of generations to
come, who, sheltered in its beneficent
arms, shall learn tho lessons of stal
wart, enlightened citizenship upon
which oul government must rely for
peaceful, prosperous and happy per
In advance of making a tour of
sanitary inspection, we visited the
hospital, in which there were a few
patients, probably a dozen, some
convalescing and others quite ill.
We regretted the absence of Dr. Red
fern, himself sick, probab' with the
prevailing fever, and we found Dr.
Hardin in cheerful and efficient
dischargo of the duties of resident
physician. We were informed that
approximately between 70 and 80
cases of sickness had occurred among
~ e students Within a few weeks, no
cessittng tdo disbanding of the col
lege. Of that number of fever cases,
not more- than 30 were of prolonged
duration and several had died. The
fever was thought to be malarial, but
there were two cases in hospital, don
corning which there was some doubt
but might be typhoid fever.
As to the causation of this fever,
various theories wvoro enter-tained.
One theory was that the studentm
had bathed in the river near whert
the sewerage emptied. Another the
ory wvas that a number of studentE
had wvorkled in the lowv swvamp lands,
rich in alluvial deposits and had in
haled the noxious exhalations from
stagnant wvater, the outflow of whicli
had boeen recently checked by a dam.
A third theory wvas thait a large per.
centage of the students hiad comt
from their homes in malarial sec
tions of thge State, and that the lat.
ent mn in in them had developed
by a lher latitude, by an 'oxcessivt
amuonn of work and the severe mili.
tary ~~ discipline of the institution.
That these causes had gradually do
vitalized the students, rendering
them easy prey to sickness. Th<
disproof of the first theory was thai
soime of the sick students disclaimei
ever having been in the river. The
second theory could not hold be
cause the sickness was not entirol3
confined to the students who han
wor-kod in the swamp land, and ii
reply to the third theory it may b<
sraid that the sick students repro
sented all sections of the State.
v In the presence of smo many con
2N ing opinions entertained by gen
tIloVen of intelligence, discriminatio'
and observation, your committe<
proceeded toRg a systematic and
vigor . , mination of every place
wh might possibly suggest a clue
'i he solution of the problem in
question. Your excellency, will re
call the physical appearance of Clem
son, its hills and valleys, and the
relative distances and positions of
the various buildings. Taking the
college building as a center, it will
be obsorved that the watershed of
the hill upon which it stands causes
a part of the storm water to flow
north to the river, west to the bar
racks and south and east through a
gradually developed valley, round
and about the dairy and into the ra
vine on the oast, north and southern
sides. On the northern edge of the
ravine, -in the valley, - is located the
dairy, a puilding probably 50 foot
square. The Pita upon which it
stand? had boon a small pond -which
had,.boon filled in with dobris of var
ipblo character organic and inorgan
ic and had boon partially tiled drain
ed. Between the dairy and the ab
rupt hills north there is a small
space in -which two springs riso. The
larger spring was said to 'become
muddy after a rain, and accordingly
it had been enclosed with brick on
three sides. The smaller spring, be
side the door of the dairy, is includ
ed in a casing of impervious mator
ial about two foot in length by one
foot in width. This spring some
times becomes milky and is used ox
clusively in preparing the products
of the dairy. The day of our arriv
al it rained heavily, and the next
morning we traced the storm water
from the adjacent hills over and
around the imperfectly constructed
storm ditch, besides the spring and
upon the limited area occupied by
the dairy. On the surrounding hills
over which the storm water flows are
open privies to which no especial at
tention had been given, and the con
tents of which must be washied by
each recurring rain into the valley
and thence into the ravine.
Your committee, in continuance of
their duty, exqmined the barracks,
which they found defective in loca
tion, in construction, in ventilation
and in its system of sewerage. Mois
turo is an essential elemolit in the
process of organic decomposition in
the soil by which mysterious and
dangerous products are evolved, heat
and a moderato supply of air being
necessary to this process. In the
construction of a dwelling the sani
tiarian adopts the most officient
means for excluding dampness from
the foundation walls and from the
basement floors, for protecting the
soil from impurities and to rendor- it
dryer by underground drainage and
by opening the out flow. To prevent
the pollution of the ground air is of
imp)ortance, and it is to be accom
plished by removing the source 'f
contaminat'on; by facilitating the
natural process of purification and
by relheving the overtaxed powers of
the soil, by drainage and storation.
In the second place protective
measures must be resorted to for ad
ditional security. Be it remenA
bored that cellars as usually con
structed (10 not constitute a barrier
to the escape of air from the sub
soil, and this is especially so in
buildings which are heated artific
ially, in wvhichi case ishere is super
added a suction force created by the
ascending rarified air. WVhilo it is
impossible to prevent the aeration of
ground air, it can by suitable devices
be-diverted into other andl less hurt
ful channels, and its dangerous in
The foundation wvalls and the
basement flooring of the entire build
ing should rest upon a hed of imper
vious material, and should have a
ventilating chamber under the entire
surface of the cellar floor separated
from the basement by an intervening
pavement. TheI chamnber should be
connected with a chimney flue to
carry off the ground air wvhich risca
in autumn, winter and spring. Dur
ing the summer when the ground
air sinks a current of fresh air lmnr
rics downward and rises to the heat
ed surface outside of the building.
Your committee failed to find that
those ordinary sanitary requirements
for the ptotection ag-tust ground air
and moisture had hoon mot in the
construction of the dairy and the bar
racks. In the matter of ventilation,
thoro is no adequato arrangements
in the barracks to got rid of thostag
nant air charged with carbolic acid
gas which must abound to an injur
ions extent in stich an unscientifical
ly constructed building with its hun
IreLds of inmates. In addition the
water closets aro improperly located
mid should not be with the nain
Juilding, for the piping for the dis
posal of excretion is liable to be do
ranged by the gradual subsodenco of
he building, and by other causes,
ahich may loosen the joints and al
ow the escape of sower gas. Assum
ng the numbor of inmates of the
3arracks to b 300, the aggregato
unount of said oxcrotia for 12
nonths would probably be soven tons
md about 12,000 gallons of urine.
To secure the continuous and ral)
d removal of this oxcreta and to pro
vent pollution of air and soil by their
:emporary detention, is an intorost
ng problem in sanitary science. To
iccomplish this purposo the sewors
must be perfectly tight taroughout,
io that whatever enters may pass to
'ho outlet without leakage. The
movement throughout the sewer must
Lbe continuous from head to outlet
wvithliout halting to purify. Besides,
Aho sower must be perfectly vontilat
3d, so 'hat accumulated gases may
iot it rm and force thomselves
hrough the traps to- the dwellings.
Adequate means must. be provided
for inspecting and flushing the sow
MrH, the size and form of which must
b)o perfectly adjusted to its flushing
ippliances, that the usual dry weath
.r flow may bo made to koop it free
rrom stilt and organic doposits.
The following conclusions have
been reached by your comittoe:
First-That while it is not im
probable that there has been some
malarial fever at Clemson, it is un
ruestionable that the prevailing fo
vor is typhoid.
Second-That the open privios
havo be0n the primo cause of infec
tion, and we view with suspicion the
products of the dairy of which spring
water at that place is used.
Thero are soveral recommendations
yoir committee would respectfully
make. Discontinue the open privies
absolutely, and by a system of sow
ers have all the exclota from the va
rious residences conducted to the riv
or. Mant,imo enfoirce what. is known
as the "dry system," which consists
in the admixt.ure of dried eart.h or
coal ashes with the excrement in suif
licient q1uantities for absorbing and
reducing it to an inodorous and
harmless form. TIb 3 material must
be perfectly dry, anid applied im
mediately and( iln sumflcient quantity
to cover the,.excretions and to remove
all fluidity of the material. Tihe wamt
er closet should be detached from
the house and thor.ough ventilation
insured, .arnd should1( be frequently
inspetodl and( kept in pormfoet work
Tholi dairy should be0 removed from
its present sito, and constructed in
obedience to sanitary laws, and pcer
haps it would b)0 botter to discontin
no0 its opoerations and avoid tihe pos5
sibility of its posing as a factor in
the possess5ion of diseases.
Assuming that the barracks will
be continued as a b:n for the stiu
deny)ts, th lie)st recommendation wo
can make is to und(erdrainl the nIar
row area between tihe east side of the
building and( the high embankment,
the latter to b)e faced with granite.
An implroved system of ventilation
should be int roduced1, sluch as is used
iln army institutions north-for in
staneo, at Johns IIopinifs University,
b)y wvhich perfect venltilationl is ob.
tainedl and regulated at will. The
most modern system of sewerage
shiould 1bo used, and to provent the
possibiilty of contamiuaqtion of the
building by noxious gases the water
closets shouHl be detached fromn the
building. The dlistant end of the
sewer at the edge of thoe river should
be so arranged as to escapeosuibmerg
ne 'r river wate nn prot:ent. it.
against whatever 'might intorfore
with its offico.
We recommend further, from the
standpoint of- sanitation, that vaca
tion be given in the summor months,
and your committee are impressed
with the belief that it can be done
without conflicting with the agri
cultural features of education at
Clemson, and would subserve the
highest interests of the professors,
the students and the college. The
recent unfortunate experience of
sickness and death at Clemsan has
awakened the spirit of criticism
against the institution on the ground
of unhealthfulness, which it may not
be wise to ignore.
In conclusion, your committoo
might have discussed the laws rog- I
ulating the evolution and extension
of typhoid fover, and how in origi
nating in soil and air pollution it
gives rise to opidomics. Theyrmight
have also cited abundant parallel
casos corroborative of the position
they have taken in this report, but
they do not think these would lond
additional mphlasis to the plain fact
of the existenco of typhoid fever at
Clomson and the imperativo necessi
ty of proventing its recurrence.
We have the honor to be
CHARLES I. TABEI, M. D.
JAMES . El VANs, M. D.,
C. A. REEsE, M. D.
CHILL & FBVER
TONIC. ee -
The following a1re the appoint
monts for the senatorial canipaign
now in progress in this State:
Barnwell, Tuosday, July 13.
Aikon, Wednesday, July 14.
Edgoiold, Thursday, July 15.
Saluda, Friday, July 16.
Lexington, Saturday, July 17.
Winnsboro, Mofiday, July 19.
Columbia, Tuesday, July 20.
Orangeburg, Wednesday, July 21
Dorchester, Thursday, July 22.
Bamborg, Friday, July 23.
Union, Monday, July 26.
Spartanburg, Tue9day, July 27.
Cherokee, Thursday, July 29.
Greenville, Friday, July 30.
Pickons, Saturday, July 31.
Oconoo, Monday, Aug. 2.
Anderson, Wednesday, Aug. 4.
oo1enwood1, Thursday, Aug. 5.
Abbeville, Friday, Aug. 6.
Lauro-ns, Saturday, Aug. 7.
Newbrr-y, Monday, Aug. 9.
Chlester, Wednesday, Aug. 11.
York, Thursday, Aug. 1 2.
Lancaster, Friday, Aug. 13.
Kershaw. Saturday, Aug. 14.
Cho stto:Iiold, Monday, Aug. 16.
Marlboro, WVednesday, Aug. 18.
Darlington, T1hursday, Aug.' 19.
Marion, Saturday, Aug. 21.
Hiorry, Monday, Aug. 23.
Georgetown, Wednesday. Aug. 25.
WVill iamsburg, Thursday, Aug. 26.
Manninrg, Friday, Aug. 27.
Flornenco, Saturday, Aug. 28.
'In One Dayo
Th le New Ta,rlfT Law
WVhich hmaP j'.3t loon signied by the
President, may be appropiriately
conisidiered anm Industrial Declara -
tion of Independence. An oflicial
text of t,he law has just boon1 pub
lisheud by the American Protective
Tariff League, and should he care
fully examined by every citiz&'n.
Protectionists ought to have a ft w
copies of this lawv for distributio~n.
Five copies wvill be0 sent to anmy ad
dress for ten cents. Ask for D)ocu
mont No. 30 and address WV. F.
Wakemnan, General Secretary. 135
West. 28d Street New York.
STATE BOARD OF
4TATEMENTOSTAINED WIIHI . SHOWS
UP EM1lTEEN 8siOtTAGES.
uly One1 Uootd 1on(l in State--ospenoanry
Law Doen Not Suit Some Reform Loaed
orm-Wilamitin Wi,niN Plailn specill
catIont-Memberm of the Hotly
Ank That the (loversor
Call Namev Who,s
Columbia, S. C., July 9.-Aftor
vorking hard and late tho State
)oard of control has adjourned for a
nonth, but its last work was its most
After repeated efforts the board
ins obtained a statomont of short
igos of the county disponsaries, and
hoy now report on them. They
Ihow eightoon shortagos, no prose
mutions, and only one good bond
imong the iinoty dispensarios in the
This coming on top of Mr. May
iold's statement yesterday at Water
>oro, gives strengt.h to his position.
Ur. Mayfield, the Roform leador in
he Sonato, said he was afraid that
,he State dispensary at Columbia
vould pollute and corrupt affairs
md make the people distrustful of
Ihir own government, and this was
indesirablo. This was without miy
orsonal reference to those now in
-hargo. The now constitution had
-iven common ground for all to
3omo together on. The old bar
room was not wantod, but the pros
mt dispensary was also undosirablo,
ind he wanted to soo prohibition to
tart with local option. If nocos
iary, make further restrictions of
.alo, but got rid of an institution
brooding corruption and scandal.
Ho favorod tho foat1krs of the law,
but not through State management.
The shortagos from February 1,
1895, to Decombor 1, 1890, are as
Fobrup I, 1895-A F Dixon ...............* 038 84
March 18- 1 Urao 1...................... 555 0%
A pril 10, 1895-n0 Cyas-......... 1,708 70
June 20, 1895-0 M 1.angtdoi..... ..... (174 71
Februar.y 1,'1895-11 A Dickurt........... 28 t9
Augu .t27 1895-0 Varn....................... fit (I
July 13, 1895-A It McDontald......... .... All 6i
Starch 30, 18901-M Clarknon................. 76 0-1
Unrchl 31, 1896-w 11 Barron............... 48 49
A uguat 31, 189 --T A Scott.................... 4,1,2) 28
septcmber 3l) 1 DO- Wado Lam.ar........ 25.
mitarch 81. %69A- ii, 7 ilolzelaW. ...... 1,3 1 a6
Decomber 1, It96-K woll........ ...... 370 :1
November 1, 1896-J . Gamton........... .107 41
Dec(mlber 1890--0 W n111.41be0........... lHi 12
Novi'mbor 18 189-Tr A Fe nnell......... 242 7-1
Novomber 30, 1896--1 0 J W ood........18m 15
November 3o, 1810--J 1 P'lait ............... 208 58
ot al........ .........................................412.702 82
In addition to the statomont of
shortages from February 1, 1895, to
April 1, 1890, aggregating $12,702.
82, the following havo occurred since
the (dispensary has been undeor tihe
management of the State board of
control, from A pril 1st to the present:
J. M. Daniel, Chester; W. Tr. Cross
wvell, Fort Motto; RI. R1. Stutts,
Kingstree; W. HI. Williams, Mount
Pleasant; E. W. Venning, St. Sto
phons; .J. 0. Mayer, Sycamore, ag
This placos the, tot,al shiortages
under the State hoard at $1,102.85,
anid for tihe poriod from February 1,
1895, to the prosent at $10,805.07.
L. ,J. Williams, of the State hoard
of control, this (weoning was asked if
he had anything to say ab)out the
governor's interview condemning the
mismanagement of the hoard anti
intimating that he would be glad to
acceopt the resignation of all five
Mr. Williamns reliedl that he
thought, like thle governor, thlat it
was very unlfortunato for the dis
uensary that there had booen "wranig
ling and(l mismnanagemlent,' andc had
(dono all in his p))~oe to avoid bo0th
or either, and1( hoped yet that the
evils named would boe cured. The
only criticism, if it could be called]
such, that he had to make upon thc
governor's inlterview was that h(
failed to specify who was responsi
lo for thme "muismanagement" comn
p)lained1 of. Ho said1 that he wvantoe
no mian conisured for his mistakes
and1 neither was lhe willing to beai
censure for the mistakes of others
that if he was guilt,y of '"mismanage
ment" anid injunry to the dlisp)ensar2
or to the governor's adumiinistration
lhe called uponi th.' jovornor to spe
cify wherein it had occurred; that
thoulght he had been in a minority
lhe had done his best for the morn
and financial success of the dispon
tary, and had boon ably assisto. by
Mr. Douthit along thoso lines, and
if he had beon guilty of any mis
takes, ho wanted the governor to
call namos and say that L. J. Wil
liams was guilty or innocont. Ho
said that. lie woild be glad to be ro
licved of the annoyanceo of trying to
hlp riu the dispensary, but said
that ho could not retiro mider tho
gonoral chargo of the governor, but
that his responsibiliny must first b
PRE8s1DECNT OF FURMAN.
Dr. liurgall, A Former Pastor of the Vita
iel 2itairo 11aptIt.At turch, CluarIce.
tolk, Elected, but Ie M1ay Not,
[Nows and Courior.]
Groonvillo, July 8.---The trustcos
of Furman University after a long
s0SHiOll unanimously eleCted the R(v.
E. C. Dargan,). D., prosident. of' the
University to succood Dr Charles
MLanl.y, whoso resignation was ac
copted. Tho board passed resolitions
fully endorsing the splendid man
agoiontof the institution by Dr. Man -
ly and regrotting the sov0eran11C0 of
tho relations which had existed for
the past sixtevi years. Dr. Manly
retiros with the good will of the
board, the faculty and all friends of
Dr Dargau is at. prsent profossor
of homilitics and occisiology at the
Southern Baptist Thoological Semi
nary at Louisvillo, Ky. Ie is a nu
tive of Darlington, in this Stat<-. -1i
years old, a gradiute of Furman -umd
the 'I'heologicial Sominary. Be fillod
pastorat..in Vir(ginia, Californiia and
also of tlie (itadel S(laro Bapt.ist
Church of Charloston. It is not.
known that Dr. Darganl will accept.
and the fact that the board of tiru
teos adjourned to meet in (olnibia
on the 20th of this month would in
dicato that. the body was not entiro.
ly cortain of his accoptance.
TiUE RISIS AT C.EMSON.
Metllig of toie Hlourdl of Trietei , ati wihl,
Every MeIser IN PreNnt --io Itonmril
A dlpim I he su ggemi 1ossaet if (11 iti,aui-I
of flealth Comuumitile -Urstlgi.ad
Ia ti I I nn isk i cottid-o-Ne, itew
Premitdent E1ect e Yil.
[Nows and ( Courior.]
Clemsoi, July 8. --Ti hboard of tris
Cos mIot ioro yostorday and held an
unimportant moeting 111a.tnight begin
ning at 8. 30 and adjourning at I I
o'clock. Sonator Tillman arrived on
the atftor'noon traini fr'om Wash ington.
All the membIilers are p reseut consist
ing of Sonator Tilhnanm, (lovernar
Ellerbo, Messrs Norris, D)onialdson
Simipson, Wannamakeor,TIindall1, Ieod -
foarn, Bradley, Mauldini, I owen,
Stack house andl Hard in.
The board had a coniferencee with
Mr. 1). A. Tompkins, of Charlotte on
the subject of a textile school. Mrtz.
Tomp)kins talked interestingly onth
subject for some time showing that
a school wais necessar'y ini t,he South,
as the North was having thiem anl
England, too,beinig forced into estabt
lishing themi by the action of thIe
Continental Powers. H Ie says that ii
school to have onie machinoe of enel.
kind can be establishedl at a cost ol
Tho11 resignations of IPresCidliI
(Craighead, Prof. rTomfpk(ins anid Mr'
Wright were presen(3Ited to the board
but no action was takoni.
It has boren thought for two o1
three (lays p)ast that Presi<doi
(Craighead would ble ask1d( to r'ecoi
sidoer his resigrant,ion and1( relnail
here, but he staltedl to the boariid at, iti
meeting this morning that he posi
lively would niot stay. Th'lis lut!
the question of the presOidecyI!3 in
very unsettled condition, for th<
board (loes not scomt to have any avail
able mtanidefinitely in view.
Th'le board hats decidled thaut till
sessions of the College shiall begini om
Sept.ember 8 and close in 1Jutno, witl
no wintor holiday. TIhe presen
nenior' class will be graduated ii
February, 181)8. IIleretofore ti
session hashoeen through the sulc~m
months, the vaction (embIracing th<
wintor moinths. After niext year' til
cormncnoinni will hn0 hnl(1 n1
Wednesday before the second Thurs
day in June.
The board passed a resolution to
day adopting all the recommenda
tions made by the board of health,
with two unimportant exceptions.
The following resolutions were
passed to day:
Wlioroas,President E.B. Craighead
has declined peremptorily to recall
his rosignation as the head of Clem
son Collogo: Be it,
Resolved, That we, the board of
trusteoo desire to express our regrets
at parting with him and to extend
our best wishes for his success in
his now 1ield of labor.
Resolved, That the Secretary be
instructed to furnish President
Craighoad with a copy of these res
Whoreas, Prof. Stonewall Tomp
kiiis has sovered his connection with
Clemson Collogo: Therefore be it
Ro'solved, That the board of trus
teos desire to express our regret at
parting with him and to extend our
hearty good wishes for his success
in his new liold of labor.
tosolved, That the secretary bein
sit reted to furnish Prof. Tompkins
with a copy of thoso resolutions,
Dr Wyman has returned from the
1neiglit borhood of Camden, whoro he
went to look into an opidomic of hog
cholera that is prevailing in th.
Watereo swampis, north of Camdeo.
He says that about 90 por cent. ?f
1 h ogs are (lying.
TAKES A SUAIMlt 1 4T
Tpamtees of CQlmmqn Conlegeo re a IR11#6.
Clemson College, S. C., July s.
Eivory intorost of the inatitixtign it
being thoroughly considered by tho
board of trustons now in session. It
has long booi the desire of the fac
llty an1d cadots of the college to
have the summor instead of the win
tor vacation. They now have it by
Olor of ti bomrd. The next ses
sion will bogin on tho8th of Sep
tomber and closo the second week in
Junie, 1898. Theo present senior
class will be graduated in February,
The resignations of President
Craighead and Professor Tompkins
w0re accepted by the board and res
ohitionw of regret at the departure of
Hose genleinen wore adopted.
Now York Faimlion Letter.
Up to this time we have had a
great. deal of color in our gowns and
combinat ions which liorotoforo were
considered far too gay for stroot
wear. Violot and rod has perhaps
bovin the most odd Combilation,
whii ( blum and groon, coriso nd
purl, black and gold, have attract
ed theiir owin share of not,ice. Now
that thle weather has settled anid has
beco:ano peOrmianiontly warm, such
combilinat.ions as5 thoso5 are almost oni
tiriely ab andtonied and dove gray and
yellow, slate gray and pale pmnk,
blue1( anmd wvhite lavender anid corn
color hold( sway in t.he soft miatoriaun
for (extriemiely warm weather. A
large variety of shades in green are
worn, soimet,imies twvo or three shades
ini on1 gown, and often one shado
combined with (creamn, white or linen.
Almost all of thini b)altistos, (imi
ties, lawns, swiss and1 linens are
mntado over colored slips and trimmed
with ribbons, the same color as tihe
slipI or a conitrastinig shade. As silk
is rather exp)ensivo for these summer
gownis, the stores aioe showing a
large variety of lawns in solid colors,
which miako a cool and (durablo lini
ing. Somoe skirts have the outsidle
materials cut away to make curved
or pointed( yoke effects, leaving the.
plain lining for the yoke. This is
ofteni outlined with a band of lace,
iisortionm, or two inch wide ribbon
gathered in the centor to make a
Thle skirts are trimmned around
the b)ottolm quite a little. Three and
four niarrow rn fils, either diouble or
single, with lace at both edges, make
a p)retty linish for thin dresses.
The t.raivling gowns aron sometimes
trimined with bias bainds of the
goodls. Somne of t hose are graduat
ed, thme narrow omnes being nmear thet
top), while ot.hors use inich wide
Large varieties of latest models
can be found in tio late numbnlers of
McD)owell's Fashion Journals (pub
hished at 4 West i 'th St reet, New
York.) "La Mode Do Paris"' in
$3. 50 a year, 35 cts. a sinmgle copy).
"F"rench D)ressmnaker" is $8.00 a
year, amnd 31) ets. a single copy.
I"or saile by 11. 0. Matthews , New..
bnIerryw, S-. C. LI.