Newspaper Page Text
EST ALISHED 1865w __NEWIBERRY, S. C., T UESDAY, SEPTtEMBER 14, 1897. T WICE A E 1.OAYR
V qRNM 8TON19 OF IIBR COURT IIOUS
Weborge5.P533tig~n-coo. Johnstone the
OV of the Day-Grand Master J. T.
ron Conducts Masonic Cerenontes.
Greenwood, Sept. 7-Today was
red letter day in the history of
Gkeenwood county. The corner
tone.of the new court house was
aid with Impressive ceremonies in
he presence of fully 1000 people,
gathered from the town and from
all portions of the new county.
Lidies formed the great majority of
the audience. Everybody turned
out, and it was ( general holiday
hero. The site of the new court
house is about three hundred yards
from the business portion of th
town, and the building is compos
ot,granite and brick. It is a V y
The exercises were oorducted by
the MasonioOrdef,J. T. Barron, of
tmt >grand master. The exer
cises were begun at 12.25 by the
singing of the opening Masonic
song, "When earth's foundations
first were laid."
Mrs. H. W. Brittian, of this city,
presided at the piano on the stand,
and was ably assisted by about
twelve gentlemen and ladies. The
singing throughout was very fine
On the stone, which was lowered
at the northeast corner of the build
ing, was engraved tht year of
Masonry mnd the name of Grand
Master J. T. Barron.
Prayer was offered by the grand
chaplain, in which be made a fer
vent appeal to heaven for its guid
ance and blessing upon these people.
That this building may alw6ys be
the temple of justice, where the law
is dispensed according to the holy
word of God. Help us to escape
the dispensary, package stores and
blind tigers. Keep us from mur
durs, lynchings and other crimes.
May our hearts be as a polished
stone. May the foundations of this
building be very deep and strong,
and may the roof always be an orna
ment. May we settle all our diffl
culties by arbitration without going
to law. Help us to always vote for
the beat wen-men who fear God
and love the truth; men who will
fill their offices with honor; and, 0
Lord, save our country from scandal
and shame. Help us to do our duty
in the da~ >com9, and finally save
u -h en. Amen.
After the choir had sung the an
them, "Lejt there be light," the grand
treasurer deposited the box. (See
annexed paper for contents.) The
stone was then lowered by three
gradual movements and sealed.
Grand Master J. T. B3arron then
spoke for fifteen minutes and had
the closest attention at all Limes. He
spoke of the work of Free Masonry
in the past. Especially in the mid
dle ages, when darkness hovered
over all the world, was Masonry a
6right star which shone through all.
We point with pride to the history
of Masonry in the past. Dynasties
have arisen and fell and pestilence
has swept the world with -a blighton
ing hand, but still Free Masonry
continues. It teaches that in his
graudest era, man is a dependent be.
ing. Dependent upon God for fu
ture lope, but when he is strength-.
se by fraternity, his soul is borne
2yond the twinkling stars to the.
~'city of God. Happy is the man who
can, when the storm bursts, find 're
fuge in the bosom of a brother Ila
son. Masonry makes men, religion~
redeems their souls. It Is for Ma
sonry to make that casket in which
to lay that precious jewel, the im
Dr. Maxwell, the chairman of the
board of oourt house building com
mittee, then Introduced Prof. Hodges
who read a very beautiful - poem
written by a young lady of this
place. It is entitled "A Prophecy."
It dwelt on the coming growth of
Greenwood, and was well ;received,
and many- were the praises heard
Col. George Johnstone,' of N~ew
berry, the orator of the day, was
then 10;Zduced by Dr. Maxwell in
a f4w well chosen words. He spoke
er about fifty minutes, and was re
ceived with grout applause. The
large audience enjoyed ;his magnifl
cent speech very much. Colonel
Johnstone, In beginning, spoko of
the first settlement of the new coun
ty by the white man, and also paid a
fine tribute to the character of the
Indians as a race of people noted for
their bravery and generosity to their
friends, and also for their extreme
cruelty to their enemies. He spoke
of their belief in the great hereafter,
and said that their notions of the
great intellectual truths were genor
ally simple and philosophical. He
spoke in fitting terms of the great
mep'that this county has given the
country at large, Brooks, the Perrins
fthe lamented Colonel Aiken, the
Cothrans and many others who have
brought honor on the county on the
field of battle and in the legislative
halls of the country. He also
touched on the rich resources of this
county. Its railroads, banks, cotton
mills and churches. He begged of
the people to follow the teachings of
the men of God, and to help them
with their prayers at all times. He
spoke of the present population of
the county and towns and showed
conclusively how they had doubled
their population within the last few
years. At the closo of the lato war
Greenwood had only about 500 in
habitants noiv she has a population
Your peoplo have always boon an
educational people, They have al
ways valued its importance. He
spoke of the Methodist school which
was at Cokesbury, and of the num
ber of prominent men it had sent
forth from its halls of learning. A
passing thought brings to my mind
the recollection that there the pro
found juriRt, the skilful general, the
fervid patriot, the great brained and
greater hearted Wallace, the guider
of your legislative councils in the
struggle of '70 first had his mind
and his heart moulded into form.
That near it sleeps the finished or
ator, the determined leader and the
wise counselor, Gary, sleeps near to
the institution which first awakened
the energies of his soul.
He also spoke of the institutions
of learning in this place and urged
upon this people the importance of
attempting to take the lead in all
things pertaining to education. Ed
ucation should be brought home to
each and every citizen, and all should
be prepared for the duties of citizen
Government, too, should be lo
calized and brought home to him.
This great American republic, lead
ing the vanguard of human pro
gress, is founded upon the idaa, that
while general and common interest
affecting us as a nation and in our
relation to other nations, should be
controlled by the general govern
meat, the domestic affairs of each
State should be managed by that
State. The State has delegated to
the different counties the rights to
which It reserved for itself, and why
shonld wve stop here? Why not
carry it to its logical conclusion and
relegate to the different townships
the purely local affairs of those com
munities? Why should we not lo
calize our government? Let the peo
ple of each township elect their own
officers; build their own roads and
bridy~; oeet their own school trus
tees, and determine how much money
is needed for local purposes and
how it shall be expended. In the
American States~ power has been
disseminated with admirable skill,
for the purpose of interesting the
greatest possible number of persons
in the common weal. These local
administrations thus afford an un
failing source of profit and interest
to a vast number of Individuals. In
this manner the activity of the town
ship is continued perceptible and a
constant motion is thus kept up in
society which animates without dis
But where and how, being per
footed for duties of citizenship, are
these rights and liberties to be pro
tected? Here on .this spot and ,in
this building which you have. just
dedicated to justice. By the jury
system the spirit of judges N cum
muLiCated to the minds of all the
citizens. They, who already have
charge of the executive and legis
lative departments, are by the jury
brought into the clostest relaiion
ship to the judicial department, a0
well. It puts the administration, as
well as the enactmnnt of the law, in
to the hands of the people. Hence
the signifiance of these ceremonies.
In conclusion ho said: This is
your life work. In the progress of
the State it has taken you 150 years
to raise this building. May in all
future years, when yon are gone,
when you have passed to the great
hereafter, may this temple of justice
and the righteous administration of
the law, which you have therein ren
dered and compelled, be a monument
to your wisdom and your civic vir
He was complimented highly up
on his deep and learned address and
was applauded greatly upon its con
clusion: Every one knew what to
expect when Col. Johnstone was in
r oduced and none went away disap
The benediction was pronounced
by the grand chaplain, and at 1.45
p. m. the exercises closed.
Thus ended a most joyous occasion
and one long to be remembered by
all who had the good fortune to be
The thriving little town of Green
wood has already pushed herself
into the front ranks of tho towns of
upper Carolina, and no whero is
there to be found a better, more en
lightened and more prosperous peo
ple. One may well prophesy for
this town a bright future. It has
always been noted for its schools and
the general refinement and intelli
genco of its people.
CONTENTS OF BOX.
1 copy Holy Bible.
1st. Names of mayor and town
council, town of Greenwood.
2nd. Names of the Greenwood
3rd. Names of the Greenwood
4th. Names of the Greenwood
Masonic Lodge, No. 91, A. F. M.
5th. Names of building commis
th. Names of physicians city of
7th. Officers county board of ed
8th. Pastors of different church.
9th. Presidents of cotton mills,
banks and oil mills, and officials of
10th. Connie Maxwell orphanage
superintendent and teachers.
11th. Founder of "new county,"
George D. Tillmnan, of Edgefield.
12th. Orator at laying corner
stone, Hon. George Johnstone, New
13th. Names of choir.
14th. The Greenwood Journal
15th. Ivy leaf from grave of
President Jefferson Davis.
16th. Arborvitae leaves from
monument of same.
17th. Richmond Dispatch sou
venir edition Confederate reunion.
18th. Names of teachers of grad
19th. Bullet from battlefield of
20th. Bullet from battlefield in
2 1st. Postmaster at Greenwood.
22nd. Copy proceedings Grand
Lodge, 1800, signatures of officers
and oficers pro tempore who took
part in ceremonies hero ti day.
The now .county, it 'will be re
memored, was formed 'at the last
session of the general assembly from
portions of Abbevillo and Edgoileld
'Thy Electric Bitters as a remPdy for
you: tro ables? If not, *;et a t>ottle now
and y,et, relief. Thias miedicine has
been found to be peculiarly adapted to
the relief and cure of all Female Com-.
plaints, exerting a wonderful direct in
fluence in giving strength and tone. to
the organs. If you 'have Loss of Ap
petite, Constipat Ion, Headache, Faint
ing Spells, or are Nervous, Sleepless,
Excit able, Melancholy or troubled wit h
Dizzy Spells, Electric Bitters Jq the
medicine you need. Health and
Mtrengthi are guaranteed by its use.
Fifty cents and $1.00 at Robertson &
Gilder'n Drug Store.
Alexander, Lathsan & Co Revicw thme Cot
ton Crolt anti Olvo Prices tor geverat
New York, Sept. 7th, 1897.
Dear Sir: The following is a com.
parative statement of the price of
citton contracts for Future Delivery
in Now York, for the year: men
1897. 1898. 185. 1891.
Septomber Delivery......7.08 8.40 7.91 0.63
Ootober " ..... 0.83 8.55 7.98 0.60
November . . ......0.74 8.55 8.01 6 72
December 8......6.70 8.03 8.10 0.78
January .8 8.68 8.17 681
February 6.83 8 7M 8 22 0.U0
larch . .8? 8.77 H..7 6.96
April 0......6.93 8.81 8.82 7.(2
The price of cotton is now 1.88
coents cheaper than last year, 1.37
cents cheaper than in 1895, and .0.1
cents cheaper than in 1894, for Janu
The cotton year began on Septei
bor 1st in the midst of the most ex
citing Presidential campaign and
universal trade depi ossion ever known
throughout the United States; but,
on account of reported serious dam
age to the crop and depleted stocks,
the price of cotton was highly satis
factory to the planter, middling up
lands selling at 8jc. in New York
and 4 23-32d. in Liverpool -thoso
were about the highest prices of t1ie
During September and October
the price declined to 7 15-10c., but
the market reacted to 8bc. about the
time of the election-November 3d
under the belief in the South that
better prices might rule should free
silver Ideas prevail.
After the election the course of
the market was downward, influenced
by large receipts, increased crop es
timates, stringent money and less
favorable advices from Europe.
In December and January, al
though speculation at times was ac
tive, the tendency of the price was
almost continuously downward.
On February 8th, middling up
lands in New York touched 7hc.,
and this was the lowest price of the
year. From this time until the close
of the season, with the exception of
a short period, when a marked ad
vance occurred in August contracts,
slight fluctuations occurred and the
cotton year closed with middling up
lands in New York at 8jq.
Such a long period of inactivity
and absence of outside interest and
speculation in cotton have hardly
ever been experienced as that pre
vailing from January to July this
year, in faco of depleted stocks and
scarcity of cotton.
While the consumption of cotton
hns boon large throughout the world,
trado has not been altogether profit
,The plague and famine in India
rendered uncertain the operations of
English mills, and the long delay in
passing tihe now Tariff Bill, coupled
with the general depression in trade,
caused the business of American spin
ners to be unsatisfactory.
The future prospects of the cotton
trade now seem to us most pronmis
ing. The visible supply of cotton
throughout the world is 384,624
bales smaller than last year, when
the supply was exceptionally short.
It is 1,306,7[:8 bales smaller than
in 1895, and the stock of cotton in
the hands of American spinners and
the quantity of old cotton on planta
tions Is less than for many years.
The prico of contracts for future de
livery, except the near months, is 2c.
a pound lower than at this time last
The phenomenally rapid restora
tion of confidence, revival of business
and great enhancement in values of
all kinds, especially wheat and other
farm products, putting in the hanxds
of the people large sums of money
to spend, will doubtless cause dur.
ing the year a large demand for
cotton goods, and greatly benfit the
cotton spinning industry. Then,
too, it- is niot unreasonable to boliove
that a speculative dlemandl will spring
up in an article so current P.nd uini'
versally in request as cotton. With
whoat at nearly a dlollar a bush4
and other commodities higher, it it
not probable that cotton in moder
ate supply will continue to s011 at
low as 7c. for middlings in Nev
It is too early now to closely ap
proximate what the total incoming
crop will be and any estimato is of
little value. Planting was from
three to four weeks late throughout
the South, and a vast aroa of land iv
four States of tho Mississippi Valley
was overflown and planting was from
six to eight weeks later than usual,
and with the exception of a short
period in July, reports concorning
the progress of the crop in ill tho
States havo been conflicting.
According to the Government ro
ports, the number of acres planted in
cotton in 1894--95 was 23,088,000.
This was a remarkably favortxblo
year from start to finish, and the to
tal crop proved to be 9,901,000
this was the largest crop ever raised.
This year the Governmont reports
the acreage at 24,091,000, and even
had the season been as favorable in
every respect as that of 1804-95
the outcome of this year's crop could
only be 10,117,000 bales; but, from
the beginning up to this date, the
sensor- has boon notoriously far loss
promising than in 189-945, oven with
the increased acreage it is not un
reaonablo to expect a marked fall
ing off from the yield of that year.
At the opening of oach year thoro
is a vast deal of irresponsible, vio
lently conflicting, guessing with
reference to the cnrrent cotton crop,
and high authorities have gono
astray as much as 1,000,000 bales in
Ono of the peculiarities of cotton
planting is that the crop is never
made until it is picked, ginned,
baled, and oven a cotton planter on
a small plantation cannot tell how
much his crop will turn out until
the bales are counted.
As 315,000 bales of cotton, in ad
dition to a crop of 8,757,9614 bales
in all 9,072,906- bales-passed out of
sight. luring this yoar of unfavor
able conditions, it ig not likely that
the growing crop will prove in ox
coss of the legitimate demands of
the world, when trade revival is
rapidly spreading in every other
commercial industry and branch of
The future prospects of the South
are most flattering, and no section of
the Union affords such advantages
for profitable planting.
Last year the South doubtless do
rived the largest not profits from the
cotton crop nceo the war, because
the year previous in nearly all sec
tions of the South ample food crops
for man and boast wore raised at
home and1 by this means the crop
was produced cheaply, the p)roduc
tion wams not excessive and the pre
highly remunerative. So long as
such a p)olicy is ndhoredl to, satisfac
tory results must ensue.
ILATHAar, ALExANDER A Co.
CHILL & FEVER
Ne5wbe-rry CJollege Note~s.
"The College needs additional schol
arsh ips for assistin g poor students."' I
quote~ frm the catalougo. Within the
last two years six scholarships have
been established. but all of them have
been awar-ded for the [next session, and
still a number of a pplienttions are on
tile, asking the FaiculIt v to aidi mer-itor
ious poor bo1ys by giving themi free
tuition. Tihi merICo statement is a
strong appe)al to the benev-olent fr-iends
of Christian education. And those who
are seeking ab worthy object for- their
beneficene can find it at Newborr-y
College. Expenses hero are ver-y low,
but mnany young mien who desiro- to fit
thomuselvyes for largoer useful ness are
niot able t.o pay tuition.
$43 will pay the tuition and fees of at
student for one year. A scholarship
yielding this amount annually is a
th reffld benefit: It is a per-petuial
memnorial to tile one whose Iname It
bears; it, is a constanlt help to some
worthy young mlan; it is a contribution
to the Tlnaintenlance of a Christ ia,n col
lege, and, thereby, a relief to the,
synod that is pledged to its support.
A ud, besides, there is tile great truth.
thait eery aot of benielleene b)lesses himi
that g lie more1 than Ithim that takes.
Only three weeks remain inl whlich to
pr-opar-e for the next session. T1he pros
p)ects are encouraging, but all fr-iends
of the college are urgedI to make an
earnest effort to increasot the at-tend
anee of students. TIhe futur-e of the
Icollege neverI scorned more pr-omising;
thle students never- more enthusiastic;
and our friends never- mTor-e confident,
and hopeful; but it was never more im
poertant that we work together to build
up tin institution.
Unanianously Chosen Prealdent of Furnian
University-The lreotdrnt-elect Ig Dean
of Columbla University of Wasihing.
The board of trustos of Furman
University mot last night at the
Baptist churcb. and unanimously
DlOctCd Professor A. P. Montague, of
Washington, D. C., president of Fur
man University of Groenvilo, vice
Dr. Charlos Manley, who resigned
soveral months ago.
Professor TM,ntagu( is a Virginian
by birth, but q riow a resident of the
national capital. He is a celebrated
3ducator and a scholary gentleman,
%nd the university has added lustre
o the time-honored institution by the
%ddition of Profemsor Montagno to
Profossor Montague was born in
Virginia, and is a graduate of the
University of Virginia and the Co
lumbian University of Washington.
He is 43 yoars old.
Ho enjoys the distinction of hav
ing the titles of LL. D. from Rich
mnond college and Ph. D. from the
Uolumbian University of Wnshing
ton. Prof. Montaguo is now dean of
the faculty of the Columbian Uni
vorsity and also professor of latin.
The now president was highly re.
commnended by J. L. M. Curry, soc
rotary of the labody fund, ex-Oov.
%rnor Northern of Georgia. Dr. J. M.
Frost, an eminent Baptist divine,
and Dr. W. E. Potors of the Uni
vorsity of Virginia.
Professor Montague was notiflied
by a tologram of his election to the
proiidency of Furman University
soon after the board mooting, and
while the trustees had not received
an acceptance last night, they havo
reason to beliove that the president
elect will accept the position.
The trustees say the outlook for
the university during the approach
ing sesaion is remarkably bright,
and the attendance at Furman will
be very largo. The univetsity opens
on September 22, and there is every
reason to anticipate a successful and
1in One Day.
Accounting for McLaurIn*s Large Voto-.
Tiiiman's Power Curtailed.
(New York Evening Post.)
Chlarleston, S. Ci., Sept. 7.--There
is an intimate connection between
the recent sonlatorial primary and
tile formal announcement that the
State constabulary system is to be
abandoned on October 1st, except in
the country districts whoe there is
no local police. This system was es
tablishted as an adjunct of tile dispen
sary, the excuse for it beinp the
claim that the local police forces
could not be trusted to enforce tihe
law. It quickly became a political
machine, and its members were gen.
orally of an unprincipled class,
whiose spying and searchling of citi
zens' hlouses for contraband liquor
becamo almost unbearable. The
system cost the State over $50,000
a year, and its continuance would
render the dispensary unp)rofitable
in the competition in tihe original
package stores. Th'Iat was a good
reason for its discontinuance, but its
abandonmoi,t was given a politi
cal turn in the interest of McLau.
Governor Ellerbo doa.ired the elec
tion of McLaurinl and on the day
preceding the primary word was
quietly passed among the conserva
tive (anti-Tillman) democrats that if
McLaurin won the constables would
be withdrawn. Thus McLaurin 's
large majority is explaine(d. If the
conservative democrats had divided
thne votes between tho three candi
dates, according to personal prefer
ences, there would have been no
election in' the first primary, and
Tillman, with his enemies divided,
would havo remained a power in the
Stato. As it is there is an end to
factionalism and Tillman is no long
or a dictator.
IRADS LIKE A RODIANOE.
Tirlling Eeape From Death In a Storm
Uraphic Story of Mr. W. U. White
Saved lls Wife and Baby.
The following account of the narrow
escape from death of Mr. W. 1. White,
wife and child, in a storm in Virginia,
is condensed from the Norfolk Dispatch.
Mrq. Whito neo Miss Lelia Norris is i
native of Newborry and was on her
way to visit her old home at the time
of the recent terrible storm.
So far as has been learned no lives
were lost in this part of Hampton
Roads, but a number of very remark
ablo rescues are reported; and narrow
escapes, thrilling in detail, are told of
by fortunato survivors of the great blow,
which Is said to have been the worst in
Among many almost miraculous de
liverances from almost certain death
in the tempest laghed waters, that of
W. 11. White, of York County, was
tylical and exciting. The story as re
lated by himself this morning, Septom
her hit, Is as follows:
I left l'O(luoson River in the hugeye
.1. F. White about 11 o'clock Monday
morning with nmy wife and 7-nonth-old
baby, who were going to vieit my
wife's mother, Mrv. Lizzio 11. Norris,
inI Newberry, S. C. My wife's maiden
name was l.olia Norris. I was bring
ing hor hero to tako the train. My
mulato, H1. M. Moreland, was also of the
The storm struck us between 4.30 and
5 o'clock in the afternoon just outside
the ip-llaps. We had ston it coming
and had taken in all sail. having only
the peak of the foresail on. This was
left on in order to keep from being
dlashed to )IeCOs against the Rip Rlaps.
We were quartering the waves when
the storm st. uck us in the side and the
hugeye wit capsized in the twinkling
of an eye. Water began to pour Into
her, and through this I rushed to the
cabin after my wife and child. I caught
the little one under one arm an(d seized
my wife with the other and fought my
way up the companion way against, the
water, which was pouring down in tor
We had a desperate struggle to got
to the windward side, which was lying
up, but finally succeeded in reaching
the monkey rail, to which all handa
clung, while the waves wore rolling
tho beat about liko a foot ball.
My wife took the baby and held it
close to her breast. I put one arm
around her and hold on by the other
and the foreman was clinging oi with
both hands. The Iave covered us
likec a sheet. It, p)oured down r'ain anid
hail stones Pelted us for an hour and a
half. We tried hut could not get any
one to come to our aid.
In this porilous position we remained
for perhaps an hour and a half.. Then
the b)ugeyo dr'ifted around between the
ip Rlaps and the shore to smoother
waiter. Hefre we managed to get the
canoe free of. waiter andl after a while
put, off in it for the Rip ilaps, which
we r'eached conaiderably the worst for
wear. We wvoi'o wvet, cold and ex
hausted. M.y wife's tr'unk and all of my
Own clothinag hadl been lost.
The watchman, or rather his wife,
Mrs. K(cister, for he was sick, gave us
shelter, food and drink until noon yes
terday, when I hired a canoe and three
meon and started for 01(1 Point to lind a
boat that would hlp me r'ighmtthe J. I..
White, which I had anchored before
W e met with the schooner 'Z. F.
ileauchamp.in the Roads and Capt.ain ~
Smith kindiy consented to help me.
Hoe camne ever' to where my vessel was
wr'ecked and succeedeod by good work
in righting the bugoyo, after' which we
bailed her out and Captain Smith
towed mte to Norfolk. I want to say
right here that, Captauin Smith did not
charge me a cent. It was the kindest
thing I ever' knew a man to do.
My vessel is now on Hiunloy's rail
way being refitted. It will cost mc
about $100. The boat had lost her r'ud
dor, tiller, cabin dloor's, anchor hawser,
malnmnast and potmast. I am gping up
the .James in her Mo,nday. My wvife
aanidlchildl go on South Friday.
Mrs. White's trunk was picked upl by3
Captain Cotton, of the sloop Virginia
andl taken to Scott's Creek. Hie also
p)icked ill two meon whoum lhe found
hainging to a canoe which had cap)sizedl.
Three boats, one of them a canoe,
capsized near' the J. 1'. White.
TIhe sloop H. J1. Brmadshaw, of iIamp
ton, loaded with sand, sank to tile bet
tonm. Her crew of three meni floated
on a plank for near'ly three miles and
were picked tup near the Hforso Shoe
light by Captain Thomas Gibbons.
Mrs. White's trunk was recovered
hilt. its contents wen' hbad1y darnaged.