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ESTABLI 'ED 3865 NEWBERRY, S. C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 81897. ]I tjW t,,. A YEAR
UR TILLA THUK THAT KNOWLESUR
'. .,VdjNVRYTHINO - IssE4TIAL.
Xe. Also Advise 0
res are 'Beet for
'to'1Which They 'are
Here is a letter for the boys. -
I believe that oven an imperfect
knowledge of many callings rendors
a man happier than perfection in
any pne and comparative ignorance
of all the rest. Great scientists,
discoverers and inventors seem to
be neces*ary for the world's progress
an4 the good of mankind, but their
work is generally ,t the expeaso of
their health and happiness. Sir
Isaac Newton in his last days ox
claimed with a sigh, "I have made a,
Olave of myself." His great mini
was always on a strain in one dirl.
tion. It is said of him that he 4ad
a hole cut- in the lower part of the
door for his favorite ,at-to6enter and
exit, and wjn-shfihad a pair of kit
two smaller holes cut for
them. The mind is like the body.
It m.ust. have a variety of food. It
is.like the muscles in the arms or
legs. If only one sot are usld the
others become weak and will grad
ually perish away.
I was talking not long ago to a
learned judge, a man of fine judicial
mind and literary attainment3, but
who acknowledged his very limited
knowledge of uature and naturo's
laws. "I hardly know one tree frow
another," said lie, "excepting, of
course, the chestnut, hickory nut
and walnut. Yes, of course, I know
the pine and the oak. Indeed I
have never had any occasion to know
more for I was raised in towi; and
books have absorbed' me."
I was ruminating about this be
Aause our little girl's mother is
eaching her to draw and to paint,
and I asked her to draw me a chest
nut tree, an oak tree and a maple
tree. She is working on them now
and has to go out and look at them
and examine the bark on the trunk.
Und the shape of the limbs and the
leaves. I wonder how many boys
okind girls can draw a hickory leaf
without looking at one. I should
like to see their specimens. Thous
ands of boys, especially country
boys, know all the common trees of
their neighborhood, but it requires
close and careful observation to de
scribe them ...d point out the differ
ence. Now there are ten different
kinds of oris.ja~ thijs-country, but
e'ify!gw4own raised people can
name half of them. Then there are
different kinds of hickories and pines
and ash and elm trees, besides the
hackberry, box elder, poplar, beech,
locust and cottonwood. Eugene Le
Hardy was a very learned and scien
tific Frenchman, but thought that
a. American cotton grew~on the cot ton
wood trees and that we gathered it
by using ladders. It is said thiat a
Mr. Jackson, of Atlanta, is trying to
introduce the ladder kind now and
has got, the trees up to fourteen foot
The study of the trees and shrubs
of this southern country is a delight
ful and instructive recreation for
young people, and I wish they would
pay more attention to it. Of course
this study requires some knowledge
of botany, but that is easily ac
quired. This kind of knowledge is
more useful and more comforting
than a college smattering of celculus
and d~jie sections and rhetoric and
d.I do not believe thoi-o are
ten men in Bartow county who
would know ginseng if they woe to
sqe it. Not many more know wvhat
is father graybeard -or white ash,
the medicinal shrub from which old
A. Q. Simmons first made the origi
nal Simmons liver medicine in 0 win
nott county. I know about that,
for when I was a young mierchanrt I
* sold the first he ever made and con
* tinued to sell it -for him for several
years and he told me what it was
made of. I think, though, that the
father graybeard gave out about the
time the old man died.
I wish that our young people
would acqjuire habits of observing
things inore closely as they journey
see -rough life. Some people
erything and some see nothing
y. When should trees be cut.
own that are wanted for wood?
What kind of wood is the strongest
and will boar tho groatest burdon?
What kind is the most elastic?
What kind the hardost to split?
What kind will Ist the longest in
the ground! What kind most suit
able for pianov. chairs, furniture or
wainscoting? What kind for mauls
or wedges or canoes? Dr. Oliver
Holmes must have studied all about
these when he wrote the "One Hoss
"So the doecon liquired of the village
Wherp. he could find the strongest oak
rhatfcouldn't be split nor bent nor
Pfiat was for spokes and floor and sills;
Re sent for lancewood to make the
t4h ill ;
rhe crossbars were ash from straight
Phe panels were white wood that cuts
And the hubs of logs froim the sottler's
But perhaps Dr. Holmes got it all
Irom some old honest wagon maker,
ror they know. I'll bet that Mr.
Bradley, of our town, can answer
)very question. The boys ought to
lind out that black locust and chest
aut and osage orange make the best
posts, and black gum the best hubs,
,nd persimmon the best wedges or
glute, and sassafras the best bow,..
ind white oak the best baskets. In
England it is claimed that a yow
ree post will last longer than an
iron one. The boys ought to know
Ohat the barj<s of all trees are non
3onductors of heat and cold and
keep them cool in sunimor and warm
n winter, and the green leaves are
ho lungs that inhale the carbon
rrom the air and not only make
wood for the tree, but purify the at
mosphere that we breathe. And
hence every habitation ought to
have some trees about it. The boys
>ught to know about those beautiful
elands in the sea that are of coral
lormation and kept growing until
hey got above the water, and then
3ome cocoanuts camue floating along
and lodged there and sprouted and
grow and the leaves of the trees fell
iown and rotted and made a soil for
more cocoanuts, aid in course of
Lime the island became a paradise.
rhat is the testimony of the rocks.
rho boys should watch the little
gassomnor ball that floats away in the
air from the sweet little dandelion
plant. So light and so feathery that
it wvould take a thousand of them to
weigh an ounce and yet the seed are
there for more planta and they are
wrapped, as it wocro, in a blanket to
protect thenm from the wvinter's cold.
So it is with the seed of the Scotch
thistle that is blown about by a
breath of air like it wvas nothing, but
it has the germ, the embryo of life
in iIt, and will find a lodging place
somewhere and sleep until spring,
and then make no mistake. It will
not come up a dandelion, but wvill
surely make a tilistlo. In the horti
cnltural gardens at London are rasp
berry plants- that camoe from seed
found in a man's stom)ach wvho had
been buried 1,700 years.
Study nature a little as you go
along, boys, and it will make you
wiser and better and happier men.
Find out why it is that ii de'ad bird
weighs mnore than a live ofie and by
what forco or power a buzzard can
sail round and round in the air
above you and never hat a wing nor
wave a feather.
It isent every boy wvho can be a
Ben Franklin, but every boy can
learn something every (lay, and even
one fact a day will in course of time
make him a wvise man. What a boy
vwas Frankl.in I What a man! The
youngest of seventeen children, ap -
prenticed to a candle maker, next to
a printer; ran away from Boston to
Philadelp.ihia when seventeen years
0o(1 and -hired to a Mr. Read, and
fell in love with Deborah, his daugh
tor; was never idle; read and studied
in every leisure moment; mastered
French, Italia[n, Spanish and Latin;
became postmaster of Philadelphia,
then postmaster- general of all the
colonies; established the Phmiladol
phia library, the Philosophical So
ciety and the University of Pennseyl
vania, and not long after he drew
lightning down from heaven with a
kite and a string and a key.
What a man he was! What a
30W 1o ANY!
.In this day of extravagant advertising we
wish to come before the good people of New
berry County and the counties adjoining,
among whom we have so many good and
faithful friends and customers, with some
simple and true statements as to what we are
doing and what we are selling.
In Dress Goods
We have everything desirable. Serges, in black and
colors---all wool imported goods from 25cto 5Oc. Hen
riettas all wool, imported and cannot be excelled any
where, at 5Oc, 60c, 75c, $I, $1.25. - -- Our silk warps
Henriettas are all that they should be.
In Fancies, Novelties
And all the new things in Dress Goods we have them.
The prices range from 121c to $1.25.
Is one of our specialties and we have an excellent line.
Our lOc and 12'c grades are COOD. Our 25c line isof
Union Suits for ladies and children--cotton, wool, wool
and silk, we have fine lines.
Blankets! Blankets! Blankets!
We have just o ened a number of cases of these and
are going tc sel them very low. Prices begin at 50c
per pair and end with large all wool 11-4 at 4.50,
12-4 at $5. Call for these.
JACKETS AND CAPES
We carry in great variety and in specially good values
for the money asked for them.
*Ilr D oMestics
We can please you. We carry Androscoggin, Barker, Fruits, Pride ofri
WAest, Wamsutta, etc , etc. Sheetings, TJickings, Casings. WVe have a
line of' Table Damask of good variety and prices from 25c to $1.50 per
yard with the Doilies to match.
OUlR MILLINERY DEPARTMENT]
I lIn charge of Mrs. Redus is as attractive as it has ever been. We
have the newest dIesigns'and are up to date.
In Our Otlier Store
III ~ Are things to please the housekeep)er. C'arpets, Mattings, Floor Cov
ermgs~ generally. Crockerywvare of the best makes only. We (do not
carriy any stuff which will craze or crack. Prices are very little J
if' any higher than the cheap goods.
OUR SHOE STOCK
Ivery' large. WeV mrake no effort to advertise the lowest pr'ices. ~
We do give the very best to be obtainedl anywhere for the price
paid. We do not carry shodldy Shoes at all, we guarantee satisfaction.
We Name a Few Lines: . &CO'ClbItdij(of
Little Giant School Shoes $ o$.0 .T od&C.sclbae ieo
children's and misses' She 75 to $2.50), Allen &Co.'s liofine Shoes 81 to$2.
Our own line Ladies' fine Shoes, Welts, Turiins, Bluttoned(. Laced aal1iA prce
in Goat and Dongola stock. We have the heavier goods which we know from '
experience to be equal to any maiide.
WE PAY CASH bny ~t the l>west prices and always give our customer's the benefit of it.
COME AND SEE US....
_ C. &G._S. MOWER_0.
HE WAS A GENTLEMAN
TRAITS OF TIIEC 011) 1 so1 HO-11111
E1tNEl THEAT sril,l. ASIDI..
i0 Didt Not Wear a Musttimnhko.- I ek All Tlingm
Ito led 11i* HWordl of liossor l'relom
ligh Tirttt InI womn.
[I. S. Caniold, in Chicago Ilorald.J
"No gentloian will wear a ius.
ta.Cho." That was the dictum of Gon.
Montfort Wels, over whoso quiet
rst in the thOe heart of Louisiana
magnolias have drowsily nodded for
many windless sunniors. Ito be
longed to the old regim3-tho clean
shaven regimo, the anto-bollum
regine, the slave-holding regime,
the dancing, singing, lighting regimo,
the aristocratic regime. Fors non
Iutat genus, said the l,114il--chanceo
does not change the kind. His typo
exists in tho Sjuth today. It is not
(Inywhero else, and, most of all
places, not on the f4tage. Looking
odd timos at the black- im ustached,
swaggering caricaturo who treads t he
mimic boads and says "sah" and
"suh," I lng for throo things: To
kick the actor, to kick the dramatist
and to find sone man able and will.
ing to toll the people who and what
a Soutbrr gentloman is. lIe is dis
tinct onough to be painted, and I be
lievo that, his painting would pay. It
is timo that we had hii as he is -
creature e3entially difT01r0nt from
the buffoois of Hoyt or the serio
comic liasco given us by Clay Cl
The Southern gentleman was, and
is, a man 1 bove the middlo height,
with clear cut, feathuros. As in ninety
nino cases :ut of a hundred li has
not a drop of foreign blood in his
veins, he looks like a transplanted
Englishmiitni-an EniglishmanI modi
lied by sonto centurios of climato and
othorialized by a less commercial
modo of life. Long contact with
naturo has made him a manm of broad
views and of healthy instincts. He
does not know the valuo of a dollar
so well as ho ought, but, to balance
tha defoct, he is utterly inac
quiainted with the many shady ways
of getting a dollar. Ito is well vdl .
cated in a literary way and is not. in
frequently a linguist. 11o carries
him.elf unobtrusively and leaves the
swagger to the negro out. for a Sun
n1K LOVES T1E OPEN.
lie and the New Englander, who
is his antithosis in mally things,
speak the best English to be found
on tis side of the Atlantic. The ac
cent is somewhat soft and slurring,
and there is somiethiing too much of
vowel elision, but it, has a pleasing
soundi(, and lhe (does not burr his "rm' s"
until they rattlo like castanets, as is
the case in many p)arts of the West.
The Southern gentleman comes of
agricultural stock, lie is used to
woods and fields and horsosn arid dogs.
lie is dlevoted to the chase, and he is
a good shot. Except in cities lie
does not bestride the bicycle, but lhe
sits ini his saddle with a sure grace;
lie has the huntsmnan's sont- toes ini
--and lie ridoes from the knee, not
from thme stirrup. WVoodcraft lhe es
teems as a noble craft, anid the art of
venery as oneO of thle fine arts. H ir
phlysip9al ar(d momntal ap)petitos are
b)orni of the fresh air anid they arne
sound1(. HIe has p)oetry ini him, as
what count ry-bred people have noti
--anid lie finds much of it in animated
nature. T1he song of birds, the clear
bolling of the dleer, the saddening
cry of wild fowl in the niighmt, all
spealk to thme soul of him. TJhough
its liqjuid anid varied niotes have been
familiar to him since infancy, lie is
never tiredi of the mocking bird, a
music that por-s from green thrones
through al: the moonlit nights. Host,
hostess anm guests in a Southern
home will 'requently (drop) all comn
voesationi and1 move to thme fronit voer
andat to li en to t he wild trilIls anrd
roulados anid bravuras of the match -
less minstral in gray.
The Sou~hmern gent leman is linost.
It is a boast handed from father to
son that his word1 i'i as good its his
bond, andl surely there could b)o no
prouder boast. All of his recent od1
ucation in a c'ommnercial way has not
boeoi able to grind this out of him.
instnnens are niot infreqnnnt* of the
surrondor of homesteads in payment
of debts, in pyoof of which existed
only verbal obligations. The homie.
stead, it should be remembered, is
protected from execution by law in
overy , Stato of the South. The
Southerner rogards an execution
proof dobt as he regards a gambling
debt--ono that must be'paid at any
sacrifico since it is not recoverable by
legal process. Whore the honor of
it family is involvod women will sell
their jewels to wipe out the obliga
EROlIC IN BUsINESS.
Business in the South is transacted
in groat degroo by word of mouth.
There aro such things as promissory
notes, but they are not common. I
am speaking here of the country
Dommu1n11nities, and not of the larigo
cities. There is no marked diffur
11n1co botweoll tilt businosli Imethols
of Atlanta and Boston. Indeed,
since the closo of the war and the in
setting of tho immigration tido tUe
South has boon much commercialized.
The typo has not eliatigod. That
would bi a work of centuries. But
methods of life and modes of thought
have undorgono modification. This
may bo better for the country at
largo. We hear much of the glory
and bnauty o! the "now South." But
I doubt that it is better for the up.
per classei of the people. A happier
man than the old Southernor never
"Mark Twain" declares that Wal
ter Scott is responsible for the ci,il
war. io iians that much reading
of "Ivianhoo" and "Tho Talimmau"
mi1ado the young mnn11 mad. 'I'hoy
dronmed or riding with visor down
and Itince in rest for tlie honot of
the ino and tle resmio of bo.
lcmiguerod dainsels. Ile is mistaken.
The popularity of Scott was an
effOt, not a cause. The pO1a11 n Ald
prost) of tho wizard of the North
woro popuilar bocauso the Southern
or is by birth and brooding chivalric.
Il1 was so before Scott was born and
will reIminti so while tie samelo blood
is in him. At least. I hope he will.
Thi chivalry 1inds its most notic0
able outlet iii the Southerner's atli-.
('u1do toward women. The female if
his species is * on it pedeStal. Now
and thOn in tle ohl days she strug
gled bravely to got down, but he
would not, lot her. lie objOets to tbe
now woIman, not blcause iho fears her
compt1tition, but. because he thinls
sho is not. t ruo to horself.
The Southerner's feeling for wo.
man is a (qu1er inixture of passion
anmd respet. Hie regards her as
somiethiing to Iso loved, to be cherish
(1d, to bet p)rotectedl. lie cannot get
over the belief that she is fragile,
and( lie cannot be conivinicd that she
is able to withstand hard knocki..
To him all womi-n are pure until
demonoustrat ed otherwise, and they
are to be treated with deep respet.
Thiey airt madoi of finer clay, andi are,
ini fact, ai superior order or being.
It is 0110 or thme strongest tributes
to tiht worth of Southern mother
hood that. Sout,bern 80on8 gm-ow up in
this belief, andi it noevr leaves them.
If ai mani impJrudenItly attempt to de
cry womanhiilood to a Southernior that
Southerner's mind inistinictively goes
hack t,o his mothmer, and( lie is apt to
eniforce his~ d1isbelief with the strong
arm. Marriages are very happy in
thie South aind there are few divorcei'.
Inidood, in the lower Carolina there
is no such thing as dlivorce. Bo
trayal'i are rare. Suits for breach of
poise are p)ractically unknown.
InviVt5ons of the hiouisehold seldom
occur. A Southerner who sued a
mian for dlamalges for alienating his
wife's affoe.ions simp~ly could not
live ini the counitry. in every South -
ern honie standls the silent sentinel
of the lireside the shotgun. This
masy be aigains. tihe lawv, hut it keej a
I suppose that somse day woe will
have a Southlern gent lemnli ill drama
anud in lit eraturze. It ought to be on- y
to drawv him, but the painter shonid
forget all thait lie has so0on of Hoyt,
or Clay Clement, or Augustus
Th'iornais. We have hiad the true Now
Eniglanider in books mnanmy times. W o
have had him on the stage. '"Shore
Acres'' is at notabloh inistance. Weo
have had1( t lie true westerner, al
though Brot Harte is not to be
'eodite,d with hiis creat1on. Let na
lbopo) for till true Southerner. There
is at literary lead in the South if somo11
publlisher or magaine editor has the
skill aind enternrise tonmine for it