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T LBLS ED18.
>NEWBERRY, S., C., FRIDAY, OCTCBER 8,97TWIEAEK,1.0AYR
HM TCLLV THU THAT KNOWLIDOE
Ae Also Advise 0
The on-Into) m1
reeM are Dest for
d'to 'Whiah They 'are
Here is a letter for the boys. -
I believe that oven an imperfoct
knowledge of many callings renders
a man happier than perfection in
any ne and comparative ignorance
of all the rest. Great scientists,
discoverers and inventors seem to
be necessary for the world's progress
and the good of mankind, but their
work is generally &t the expenso of
their health and happiness. Sir
Isaac Newton in his last days ox.
claimed with a sigh, "I have made a,
Plave of myself." His great mi
was always on a strain in one dir e
tion. It is said of him that he ind
a hole cut- in the lower part,of the
door for his favorite gat40'enter and
Oilt, and wUhQ-siA'ad a pair of kit
k W 6tM*rid two smaller holes cut for
the'. The mind is like the body.
It m.ust,have a variety of food. It
is. like the muscles in the arms or
legs. If only one set are usdd the
others become weak and will grad
ually perish away.
I was talking not long ago to a
learned judge, a man of fine judicial
mind and literary attainments, but
who acknowledged his very limited
knowledge of nature and nature's
laws. "I hardly know one tree from
another," said he, "excepting, of
course, the chestnut, hickory nut
and walnut. Yes, of course, I know
the pine and the oak. Indeed I
have never had any occasion to know
more for I was raised in to\vrq and
books have absorbed, me."
I was ruminating about this be
ause our little girl's mother is
teaching her to draw and to paint,
and I asked her to draw me a chost
nut tree, an oak tree and a maple
tree. She is working on them now
and has to go out and look at them
and examine the bark on the trunk.
'and the shape of the limbs and the
leaves. I wonder how many boys
4.nd girls can draw a hickory leaf
without looking at one. I should
like to see their specimens. Thous
ands of boys, especially country
boys, know all the common trees of
their neighborhood, but it requires
close and careful observation to de
scribe them and point out the differ.
once. Now there are ten different
~~kinds of ogai.n--this -country, but
* eisfeW4'own raised people can
name half of then: T[hen there are
different kinda of hickories and pines
and ash and elm trees, besides tbe
hackberry, box elder, poplar, beech,
locust and cottonwood. Engene Le
Hardy was a very learned and scien
tific Frenchman, but thought that
American cotton grew on the cot ton
wood trees and that we gathered it
Sby using ladders. It is said that~ a
Mr. Jackson, of Atlanta, is trying to
introduce the ladder kind now and
has got the trees up to fourteen feet
Tfhe study of the trees and shrubs
of this southern country is a delight
ful and instructive recreation for
young people, and I wish they would
pay more attention to it. Of conirde
this study require9 some k'uowledge
of botany, but that is easily ac
quired. This kind of knowledge is
more useful and more comforting
than a college smattering of calculus
and ~pic sections and rhetoric and
d.A I do not believe there are
ten men in Bartow county wVho
* would know ginseng if they were to
sge it. Not many more know what
is father graybeard -or white ash,
the medicinal shrub from which old1
A. Q. Simmons first made the origi
nal Simmona liver medicine in 0 win
nett county. I know about that,
for when I was a young merchant I
sold the first he ever made and con
tinued to sell it for him for several
years and he told me what it. was
made of. I think, though, t,hat the
* father graybeard gave out about the
time the old man died.'
I wish that our young people
would acquire habits of observing
things rr clnsely na they Jonrnay
Boog0 rough life. Some people
erything and some see nothing
ly. When should trees be cut
own that are wanted for wood?
What kind of wood is the strongest
and will boar the greatest burden?
What kind is the most elastic?
What kind the hardost to split?
What kind will last the longest in
the ground I What kind most suit
able for pianos, 'chairs, furniture or
wainscoting? What kind for mauls
or wedges or canos? Dr. Oliver
Holmes must have studied all about
those when he wrote the "One Hoss
"So the deacon Inquired of the village
Whurt he could find the srongest, oak
ThatVcouldnt't be split nor bent nor
rfiat was for spokes and floor and sills;
Re sent for iftneewood to make the
rhe crossbars were ash from straight
Pie panels were white wood that cuts
And the hubs of logs from the settler's
But perhaps Dr. Holmes got it all
From some old honest wagon maker,
ror they know. I'll bet that Mr.
Bradley, of our town, can answer
svery question. The boys ought to
[Ind out that black locust and chest
Iut and osage orange mako the best
posts, and black gum the beat hubs,
and persimmon the best wedges or
luts, and sassafras the best bows,
and white oak the best baskets. In
England it is claimed that a yew
,ree post will last longer than an
ron on'e. The boys ought to know
hat the barjs of all trees are non
.onductors of heat and cold and
keep them cool in sumnior and warm
n winter, and the green leaves are
he lungs that inhale the carbon
trom the air and not only make
wood for the tree, but purify the at
mosphere that we breathe. And
[ience every habitation ought to
aave some trees about it. The boys
)ught to know about those beautiful
slands in the sea that are of coral
lormation and kept gowing until
;hey got above the water, and then
iome cocoanuts came floating along
and lodged there and sprouted and
grew and the leaves of the trees fell
lown and rotted and made a soil for
aore cocoanuts, and in course of
.ime the island became a paradise.
rhat is the testimony of the rocks.
rho boys should watch the little
gassomor ball that floats away in the
air from the sweet little dandelion
plant. So light and so feathery that
t would take a thousand of them to
wveigh an onnteo and yet the seed are
there for more plants and they are
wrapped, as it weore, in a blanket to
protect thema from the winter's cold.
So it is with the seed of the Scotch
thistle that is blowvn about b)y a
breath of air like it was nothing, but
it has the germ, the embryo of life
in it, and will find a lodging place
somewhoro and sleep until spring,
and then make no mistake. It will
acot come up a dandelion, but will
mroly make a tilistle. In the horti
3ultural gardens at London are rasp
berry plants- that came from seed
bound in a man's stomach who had
boon buried 1,700 years.
Study nature a little as you go
along, boys, and it wvill make you
wiser and better and happier men.
Lind out why it is that a dead bird
weighs more than a live omho and by
what force or power a buzzard can
sail round and round in the air
above you and never hat a wing nor
wave a feather.
It isent every boy who can 1)0 a
Ben Franklin, b)ut eury boty can
learn something every day, and even
one fact a day will ini course of time
make him a wise man. What~ a boy
was Franklin I What a man! The11
youngest of.seventeen children, ap)
prenticed to a candle maker, next to
a printer; ran away from Boston to
Philadelphia when seventeen years
old1 and hired to a Mr. Read, anid
fell in love with Deborah, his daugh
ter; was never idle; read and studied
in every leisure moment; mastered
French, Italian, Spanish and Latin;
became postmaster of Philadelphia,
then postmaster general of all the
colonies; established the Philadol
phia library, the Philosophical So
ciety and the University of Pennsyl
vania, and not long after he dIrew
lightning down from heaven with a
kite and a string and a key.
WVhat a man lhe was! What a
In this day of extravagant advertising we
wish to come before the good people of New
berry County and the counties adjoining,
among whom we have so many good and
faithful friends and customers, with some
simple and true statements as to what we are
doing and what we are selling.
In Dress Goods
We have everything desirable. Serges, in black and
colors--all wool imported goods from 25c to 50c. Hen
riettas all wool, imported and cannot be excelled any
where, at 5Oc, 60c, 75c, $1, $1.25. - - Our silk warps
Henriettas are all that they should be.
In Fancies, Novelties
And all the new things in Dress Goods we have them.
The prices range from 12'c to $1.25.
Is one of our specialties and we have an excellent line.
Our lOc and 124c grades are COOD. Our 25c line isof
Union Suits for ladies and children--cotton, wool, wool
and silk, we have fine lines.
Blankets! Blankets! Blankets!
We have just opened a number of cases of these and
are going to sell them very low. Prices begin at 50c
Per pair and end with large all wool 11-4 at 4.50,
'12-4 at $5. Call for these.
JACKBTS AND CAPES
We carry in great variety and in specially good values
for the money asked for them.
We can please you. WVe carry Androscoggin, Barker, Fruits, Pride of
WVest, Wamsutta, ec,ec heig,Tcig,Cdns ehv
line of Tfable Damask of good variety and prices from 25lc to $1.50 per
yard with the Doilies to match.
lIn charge of Mirs, Redus is as attractive as it has ever' beeni. We
have the newvest designis and are up to date.
In Our BOe Store
Are things to please the housekeeper. Carpets, Mattings, Floor Cov
111 erings generally. Crockeryware of the best mnakes only. We (do not
carry an*y stuff which will craze or crack. Prices arc very littleLI
if' any higher than the cheap) goods.
OUR SHOE STOCK
I's very large. We inake no efTort to advertise the lowest price.
We do give the very best to be obtained anywhiere for the price
paid. We do not carry sho(ddy Shoes at~ all, we guaranitee satisfaction.
Wo Name a Few Lines:
Little Giant School Shoes $1 to $1.50, RI. T1. Wood & Co.'s celebrated line of
children's and misses' Shoes 'i3e, to $2.50, Allen & Co.'s line fine Shoes $1 to $2.
Our own line Ladies' fine Shc s. WVelts, Turns, Buttoned, Laced at all prices
ini Goat and Dongola stock. Vn c have the heavier goodse which we know from
experience to be equal to any maitde.
WE PAY CASH, ny st the lowest prices and1( always giv'e our customers the benefit of it.
COME AND SEE US....
C.& G._S. MOWER 0.
HE WAS A GENTLEMAN
TIAITS OF TilE OL1 TIME sOUT11
EtNEt THAT STILL AIDE.
Ito Did) Not Woar lusta.ho-- i All Thlntig
Ito fleuld Ilis Wori of 1ionor Freelotim
liigh Trust In volmkan.
[H1. S. Canuield, in Chicago Herald.J
"No gentleman will wear a m1us
tacho." That was the dictum of UoGn.
Montfort Wells, over whoso guliet
rost in the the heart of Louisiana
magnolias havo drowsily nodded for
manly windless summoris. iHo bo
longod to the old regime-the clean
aluvou regimo, the anto-bellum
regimo, the slavo-holding regimo,
the dancing, singing, fighting regime,
the aristoerat-ic regime. Forti non
mutat genus, said the Lat in---clianceo
does not chiange tho kind. His typo
existi in tho S,nth today. It is not
anywhero else, aid, most of all
placos, not on the stage. I_joo1:ing
odd times at the bllack-mustacLIed,
swaggering caricaturo who treads the
mimic boa.-ds and says "sah" aid
"suh," I Iong for throo things: To
kick the actor, to kick the dramatist
and to find some man able and will
ing to toll the people who and what
a Sout-horiu gentle-nan is. He is dis
tinct enough to bo painted, and 1 bo
Hoe that hiis painting wvould pay. li.
is timo that we had himi as h1e is -a
creaturo essentially lifforont from
the buffoons of Hoyt or the serio
comic fiasco given us by Clay Clo
The Southern gentlomai wis, anld
is, a man bove the middle height,
with clemr cut featuros. As in ninoty
nino casos :out of a hundrod ho hits
not a drop of foreign blood in his
Veisli, lie looks like it transplanted
E"n'glishmfan--an Englishman mo0(1di
lied by somo centuries of climiato and
otherialized by a loss conmuorcial
modo of life. Long contaA with
nature has made him a iman of broad
views and of healthy instincts. lie
does not know tho valuo of a dollar
so well as ho ought, but, to balanco
that dofout, lio is utterly unac
quainted with the manny shady ways
of getting a dollar. He is well edii
cated imi a literary waly and is Iot inl
frequently a linguist. lo carries
himself unobtrusively and leaves the
swagger to the negro out. for a Sun
INi LOVES THEf OPL1N.
HIo and the Now Eniglander, who
is his antithesis in many things,
speak the best English to bo found
onl this side of the A tlant ic. Theli ac
cent is somewhat soft and slurring,
and there is something too much of
vowel elision, but it has a p)leasinig
sound, and 1ho does niot burr his "r's"
until they rattle like castaneots, as is
the case in many parts of the West.
The Sout hern gentleman comes of
agricultural stock. Hie is used to
woods and fields and1 horses and (logs.
Ho is devoted to the chase, and( he is
a good1 shot. Except in cities lie
Idoes not bcestrido the bicycle, but he
sits in his saddle with a sure grace;
lie has the huntsmnan's seat-toes in
--and lie rides from the knee, not
from the stirrup. WVoodcraft lie es
teems as a noble craft, and the art of
vonery as one of the fino arts. Hlir
physical ar.d miontal appetites are
borun of the fresh air and t hey are
sound. lio has poetry in hiimi, as
what country-bred p)eople have noto
- --arid lie finds miuch of it in animated
nature. Th~Ie song of birds, the clear
belling of the (leer, the sadldening
cry of wild fowl in the nighit, all
speaLk to the soul of himi. Though
its liquid aind varied notes h1av boon
familiar to him since infancy, lie is
never tired of the mocking bird, a
miusic that pours from groeni thrones
through al: the moonilit nig'hts. Host,
hostess anc guosts in a Southern
home will "requently (drop) all con -
versation and m1 iove to the front ver
anda to lisioen to the wild trilIls and
roulados anid bravuras of the maiitch
loss mninst ral ini gray.
T1he Southern gent lam an is honest.
It is a b)oast handed from father to
son that his word i's as good as his
b)ondi, and surely there could 1)0 no
p)roudor hoast. All of his recent ed
ucationi ini a co. .mercial wvay has niot
been able to grind t.hiis out of him.
Instances nre not. infreqnnnt* of tha
surronder of homesteads in payment
of debts, in proof of whioh existed
only verbal obligations. The home
stead, it should be remembereJ, is
protected from execution by law in
overy -State of the South. The
Southerner regards an execution
proof debt as he regards a gambling
dobt--ono that must bo'aid at any
sacrifico sinco it is not recoverable by
legal process. Whore the honor of
a family is involved womon will sell
their jewels to wipe out the obliga
IImtOlC IN 11UsINEss.
Business in the South is transacted
inl great degroo by Word of mouth.
Thero are such things aq promissory
n1otes, but they are not common. I
am speaking hero of the country
commIunities, and not of the large
cities. There is no markod difitr
Oco botween the bin11eoss methols
of Atlanta and Boston. Indeed,
since the close of the war and the in
setting of the immigration tido the
South has been much commnercialized.
The typo has not changed. That
would bo a work of conturios. But
miethods of life and modos of thought
hav(e undorgono modification. This
may bo botter for the country at
largo. Wo hoar much of the glory
and beauty o! the "now South." But
I doubt that it is botter for the up.
por clahses of the peoplo. A happier
man than the old Southernor never
"Mark Twain" declaroo that Wal
ter Scott. is responsible for the ci-iL
war. lie uas t1,1% munch reading
of "Ivniuihoo" and ' The Talisman"
1made the Young 11m 11111d. Thoy
dreamed of riding with visor down
and lanco in rest for the honor of
the name and 1ih resMu of bo
lvoguered damsels. IHo is mistaken.
The popularity of Scott was an
effect, not, a caus0. T1he pOeIM an1(d
prose of tho wizard of the North
woro popular becauso the Southern
or is by birth and brooding chivalric.
lIo was so bofore Scott was born and
will reniivin so while the same blood
is inl him. At least. I hope l0 will.
This chivalry finds its most notie
able outlet, in the Southerner's atli
tido toward womnii. The female af
hik species ii oil a pedestal. Now
and tlhen in the old days she strug
gled bravely to get down, but he
would not lot lei'. Ie objoets to the
now woman, not hociuso he foars her
coim]pet ition, but because lie thiIks
she is not t rue to horselr.
The Southerner's fooling for wo.
man11 is a queer mixture of pasiIonl
anmd respet. lie regards her as
somuethinig to tio loved, to be cherish
ed1, to he p)rotected. Hie cannIot get
over the belief that she is fragile,
and ho cannot he convinced that she
is able to withstand hard knot km.
To him all women are pure tntil
demmonstrated otherwise, anid they
are to b)0 treated with (1001 respect.
Thley are miade of Iinoer clay, and( are,
in fact, az superior order of being.
It is one of the st.rongest~ tributes
to thme worthI of Southern mot' or
hood that Sombhorn sons grow up in1
this belief, and it neover loaves thorm.
If a Jmn impiruden1tly attempt to de
cry wvommanhood to a Southeruor that
Southernersa mind( inlstinicti vely goes
back to his mothuer, and( lie is apt to
(enfor~ce his disbolief with thle strong
arm. Marriages are very happy in
the South and there are few divorcer.
Indeed, ini the lower Carolina there
is no such thing as divorce. Boe
trayals are rare. Suits for breach of
pr1omfis(e are prlactically unknown.
Invasions of the household seldomt
occur. A Southerner who sued a
manai for dlamnages for alienating his
wife's all'ections simpl)y could not
live in the country. in every South
ernm hmoime staInds the si lent sentinel
of the fi rosido th111 shotgun. Th;s
may ho against the lawv, but it keel S
I supp,ose that somo1 (lay we will
have a Sout hern gentleman in drama
and in l iterature. It ought to be ea- y
to dlraw him1, but the painitor shoeuld
forget all that he has seen of Hoyt,
or Clay Clement, or Augustus
Thomas. We have had the true New
Englander in books mnany times. W e
hav(i had him on the stage. ''Shore
Acres'' is a notable inista[nco. We
hlav() had thle true westerner, al -
though Bret Harto is not to ho
ceodit(ed with his creat1on. Let ms
b'ope for the true Southerner. Thri
is a literary lead in the South if some
publhisher or nmagaz/ine editor has the
skill and( eantnrlrisn to mine for it