Newspaper Page Text
-~i t eberrptenib aiii ems.
-NEWBER1Y.. S. C., FR.IDAY,'NOV EMBER 19, 1897. T WICE AiWEK, $I.5O 6 A1
to nd by
U~of tseluoOathu, had V.r ewaoun
tit he xvidence to lFind the Ms
Qulity, but who, Relieved oti heir.
iosponsIbIlIti as Jurors. did
not Mind Signing a-Peti
(Syec(al to News and Courier.)
Co,lmbia,. November 1.-Gov,
nor Ellerbe has issued a full an
pardon to J. H. Buice and J. A
ayy who were convicted of the kill
of John T. Sims. May ani
iej were State constables, wh(
t,0d into the "DArk Cornet" o
irtenburg County. The story o
killing is very well known. -Th6r*
a g&neral skirmish. S-ims use<
ims and the 0ofslables.got th'
r of the, fi1l.- Sims was s,o
Inuch. ' The Jury convicte<
_.9A- May They made an ap
'to the Supreme Court for a nev
fAl. The motion for a new tria
Wiasabandoned, and today Goverlaoi
Ellerbe granted a full pardon fo:
ther State constables who had gottei
into the trouble.
The case was not similar to that o
Constables Elliott' and Bladon, ir
which the other side used no firearms
but, tied fact remains that the consta
bles were convicted and sentenced t<
two years in the Penitentiary, and
those who want to find fault witt
the, Governor's action will do so
whether Sims w as a desperado ai
eharged or not.
Strange to say, seven of the jury
men who brought in the verdict o
manslaughter'. now petition for th(
pardon. The other five have no
been beard from.
So far the records show that therc
were numerous and generally signed
petitions asking for the pardba
These petitions came from the hoiet
of the constables involved as well a
The records do' not show that.thc
papers were referred to the prose
cuting Solibitor or the presiding
Jtidge, sa is nsually the case.
What seemed to decide Governo:
Ellerbe.more than any feature of th<
papers presented to him in conneo
lioh with the case was the voluntar)
tatu. ent of Mr. Thomason, of coun
set for: the.prosecution. Mr. Thoma
SOn9 i Will be recognized, is XkoV
iguring !i the Newbold case, anm
haw written-several cards 'relative t<
his connection with the matter.
*Mr. Tho jg;ite'trid
*Gigor M9ibe, which is appended t
the petition of county officials an<
others of Spartanburg County, says
"I assisted the solicitor in th
prosecution of the defendants, Ma;
and Buice, and, in my opinion, the;
would not have been convicted i
they had not been State cnal>b1e
and I v-ill state further that I replie<
to the argument'made on the part o
the defendants for a new trial, and
believed, after hearing the argumen
of the attorneys for the defendante
that the presiding Judge would gran
their motion for a new trial.
thought then that he ought to hay
granted it, and I still think that h~
ought-to.hsv# granted it."
Messrs. Hydrice' & Wilson writ
that the aceomnpauiying petition con
tainsI the namne of' all the county of
Aeials except the shpervisor and coun
ty t reasurer,.. and that the treasure
was absent . and the supervisor wa
not to b4 seen after two or thre
visit. t<yfis offiee.
A'ofthe. other county officer
rt appears that a general petitioi
wea circulated in Aiken County, a
(Graniteville, and 'in Greenwooc
County for the pardon of Buice ani
'1%e form used in- Aiken daunt
reads at ftilows:
To his Excelleney, Governor Wu~
II. Ellerbe: We, the undersignet
oltizens of Aiken County, hereby pt
titiou you to pardon Mr. John A
May, who wtas convicted of man
slaughter at the, June term of th
$ossiona Court for Spartanburi
(ounty an4 sentenced to serve
te*hn'of twoyiaare la the State Peni
entiary. W4 submit to yotir Er-.
ellency's consfdRration the fact that.
om what we have Ieard of Mr.
ay he has alway* borne a repute.
dtid for peace aud good or4er; that
hiV reputatiod I1i the coinanitf i3
which he .ies and IA.. Aikn
County, .foi peace and good order,
moral character, sobriety and indus.
try has always been good' and that
we have never. board of his having
been engaged in any disorderly con
dot, and in our opinion we do not
think that he would commit an act
like the one with which he is charged
unless he was compelled to do so to
protect his own life. And, there
fore we humbly petition you to grant
hini full pardon, etc. t
.The sheriff, county supervisor,
-1 clerk of Court, auditor, treasurer,
Representative Cushman, Master and
other officials of Aiken County were
among the signers of the petitiou.
* A like petition was presented in
May's behalf by the citizens of Gran.
iteville, in Aiken County. Six pages
of foolscap paper, covered with signa.
tures, two to the line, are attached.
Tho following are the jurors who
now petition .for a pardon: W. S.
Foster, J. H. Bookman, Taylor
Smith, W. K. Barnett, E. B. Loch
man, W. C. Berry and R. C. Gassett.
The form of their petition reads:
"Your petitioners respectfully show 8
that they were jurors in the trial of 1
the State vs J. A. Buice and J. A. t
May for the killing of John Sims. t
We respectfully ask that a pardon be t
granted them by your IVxcellency." 9
There were also potitions from a
Greenville, Cherokee and Greenwood
-counties. May is from Aiken Coun.
ty, and Buice from Cherokee County.
In the Greenwood petition the sher
iff, clerk of Court, mayor, Probate
Judge and others join in asking for
Governor Ellerbe simply referred
to the papers on file in his office as
to the occasion for the pardon.
It is suggested that May and
Buice have been paid during the
progress of their trial and until the
removal of the entire force. They
were not removed when Governor
Ellerbe went into office, as it was
thought that this would unnecessari
ly prejudice their case.
The case of Buice and May has at.
tracted considerable attention, and
now that the pardon has been
granted while the State is agog over
the Newbold killing, It will be of
much interest, and on that scount
the full record is given in justiflos.
tion of the action takern.
The Hick. 1Ses ALimanmo and Paper,
We are informedAhat the 1898 Al.
manac of Prof. Irl R2. Hicks is now
Sready, and judging from its past
history, it will not be many weeks ii.
finding its way into homes and offices
all over America. It is much larger
and finer than any previous issue.
It contains 116 pages, is splendidly
printed and illustrated on fine book
paper, having the finest portrait ever
given of Prof. Hicks. It can no longer
be denied that the publications
of Prof. Hicks have become a neces
e sity to the family and' commercial
life of this country. His journal,
"Word and Works," aside from its
storm, weather and astronomical fea
turee, has taken ranhk with the baa)
literary, scientific and family *naga
zines of the age. Do not believe.
' hearsay and reports. See the Hicks
Almanac and paper for yourself.
You will then know why they are so
popular. They are educatoR. of the~
millions, and unrivaled safeguards to
~property and human life. It is mat
ter of simple record that Prof. Hick.
.has foretold for many years all great
,storms, floods, drouths and torna
-does, even the recent 4routh over all
.the country. The Almanac alone is
-25 cents a copy. The papee is $1.00
a a year with the Almanac as a pro-.
g mium. -Send to
a WOaD AZ4n Wonxs Pus. Co.,
- 2201 Loanat St, St n Lol, o
THE CALL ISSUED
rois Y"*TiNas Of CoTrN GROWS4
6 Coiang Convention or Delegates'Mept
stating Ou the southta stAtes ts
Aif.t-Mr. WUbora .osing
(The State, 16th.)
Preparations are being rapidly
nade for the holding of the conven
ion of the cotton growers of the
louthern States in Atlanta on De.
ember 18. This convention has
een called by those in eharge of
he recent convention held in thin
ity in consequence of the action
aken at that time. President Wil.
>orn of the State Farmers' Alliance,
who was president of the State eon.
ention is confldent that the gather.
ug in Atlanta will be a most re.pro
The following was Issued by Mr.
By direction of the South Carolina
3otton Growers' Oonvention, which
esembled in Columbia November 10,
.807, I hereby call upon every cot.
on grower and each person inter
sted in producing cotton to assem
le at their respective coun'y court
Louses on the first Monday of Do
ember for the purpose of effecting
r permanent organization to join in
vith the other Southern States in
aking such action as will enable
he cotton growers to in some way
etter control the produotion and
ale of the cotton crop of the south
nd in some measure obtain the full
narket value of this great staple
rop. J. C. WILaORX,
resident of S. 0. Cotton Growers'
Mr. Wilborn was iN the city yes.
erday. He fears that the ootton
rrowers in the various States will
iot have time to meet and elect dels.
rates to represent them at the con
ention because of the nearness of
he date appointed, and he will ask
lovernor Ellerbe to write a personal
etter to each of the Governors of
he other Southern States asking
hem to appoint two delegates at
arge and one from each oongression
J district in their respective Stat-s.
)overnor Ellerbe, it is understood,
vill write these lettecs today. The
everal Governors will bo asked to
ippoint men who are directly eon
ierned In the matter and sash men
The coining convention will doubt
es attract widespread attention both
n the north and the south and the
esult of its deliberations will be
iwaitad- .itih no little concern, par
tieularly by those who manipulate
he price of cotton.
Predaettie Power eftthe Unlibed State.
(North American Review.)
16 appears, that, as regards quan
ity, three Americans now export as
nuch as five did twenty years ago,
rhich suffices to show how ground.
ens are the predictions of some
ir'ters who toll us that as population
ias risen from 45,000,000 to 71,000,.
)00 souls, an increase of 58 per,
ient, and at the same time the
reight of exports hasi risen 175 per
sent-that :s, three times as fast as
The quantities If food yearly ex
orted are sufficient to feed 80,000,.
)00 persons in Europe, from which
6 appears that American farms raise
ood for 100,00(0,000 of people year.
y. The western prairies are capa.
>le of carrying double the present
iumber of live stock and producing
en times as much grain as they do,
o0 that for at least a century to come
here is every probability that ex.
ortation of food will increase with
?opulation. The same as true as
regards cotton, the crop having risen
L25 per cent in twenty years.
The world is only beginning to
hasve evidence of the enormous pro.
Anetive power of the United States.
Why will you buy? blt.ter nauseating
tonios when GRoVn 's TASTI.Isa CurLL
TONIO is as pleasant as L6mon Syr'up.
Your druggist Is authorised to refund
the money in every case where it fallo
bo aure. Prioa. 6u cnts.
MM. DAD1's FLAX TO PLANT COr.
Now e ReduoecAeretago One Half, Mak"
Fatr Crop and Enriehes the Land.
To the Editor of The State:
It is a fAct .,well known to every
one that our floancial condition is
depressed- I mean the Southern
States--and it is all due to toe fact
that we are getting nothing for cot.
ton, our money crop; and this is
caused, as we all know, by over
production. Various remedies have
beea suggested. It is a problem
that has taxed the minds of our.,best
thinkers and most practical farmers
for years. That something must be
done is evident, or we cannot see fu.
1 suppose it will not come amiss
for nie to give my experience in the
fond hope that what I say will be
the means of doing something to re
lieve the situation. I have made a
study of this subject and shall at
tempt to giVe you my experience.
It is universally conceded that re
duction of the acreage is the cure
for all the ills. How to bring about
this reduction is the question. Any
of the plans suggested would bring
the desired relief if carried out.
My plan is this: Let the farmer
prepare as much land for cotton as
he may wish, but when he is ready
to plant, let him plant every other
row in cotton, and in June let him
plant the remaining rows in peas.
This, you will observe, reduces the
acreage one-half but does not reduce
the yield so much, as my experience
I make at least three-fourths of a
crop of cotton, vad peas without
limit. You enrich your land, so that
in a few years you can make a bale
per aere with every alternate row in
peas, have an abundance of fed,
and consequently fat stock and your
bacon at home. Besides, you save
one-half fertilizer, one half hoeing
and one-third plowing.
We have in nitivation this year
24,000,000 acres. We will make (in
round numbers) 10,000,000 bales.
This cotton is worth at the present
price $250,000,000. Now, to follow
the pea suggestion, we w6uld have
12,000,000 in cultivation, whiah
would yield 7,500,000 bales, or $800,.
000,000 at 8 cents per pound, a gt.n
of 850,000,000, to say nothing about
the cost of production, which, as I
hav akowa, would be ab9ut ona,
If It is not desirable to plant so
many peas, you can plant pindars,
sweet or Irish potatoes, with equal
success. I bought ten acres of very
poor land and farmed it as above
suggested, and today I am offered
$400 for the ten acres. I am making
a bale per acre, and corn, e., in
Now, Mr. Editor, what has been
done on a small scale can be done on
a large one. Let any man follow
this plan and he will have a like ex
perience. W. T1. Bradley.
Troy, 8. 0., Nov. 11, 1897.
A Great Magamine Feature.
The Ladies's, Home Journal has
secured what promises to be the
great miagasine feature of 1898. It
it entitled "The Inner Experiences
of a Cabinet Member's Wife." In a
series of letters written by the wife
of a Cabinet member to her sister at
home, are detailed her actual experi
ences in Washington, frankly arnd
freely given. The letters were writ
ten without anys intention of publica
tion. They give intimate peeps be
hind the curtain of high offioial and
social life. They are absolutel:- fear
less, they study Washington life un
der the searchlight as it has never
been before presented. T1he Presi
dent anid the highest offleials ot the
land, with the most brilliant, men
and women of the Capital, are seen
'in th. most familiar way. As these
are all actual experiences the name
of the writer is withhold. 'rho let
ters will 4oubtleus excite much shrewd
guessing Lv readers and study of
Internal e-'idence to discover the
secret. The "Experiences," which
will be beautifully illustrated, 'so
gin in the December number nnid will
TUINGS DONN rOll LUo.
Old foperetitions, Not Anl ot Whieh ave
We are nontent today to throw
rice at a newly married couple or an
old shoe or two, and the bride tosses
her bouqiet among the girls to in
form her who is lucky enough to
catch it that sho will bo the next one
married. But wheat is really the
thing to throw, because the evil
spirits hate the color yellow above
all things-if white grain like rice
is used it asttracts them, and, to be.
come efficacious, should be colored
yellow with turmeric or some Rim.
ilar dye. Ghosts and the things
that bring ill luck hate leather, so
old shoes are proper, except in those
instances when it was suggested that
the guests throw the carriage and
let the couple drive away in the
shoe. But a shoe under your pillow
is a radical cure for nightmare, and
cramps in bod can be averted by
placing a slipper upside down at the
foot of the couch. The use of trunk
straps, slippers, leather whips and
the like on small boys also prevents
the approach of now spirits of mis
chief, and drives off the old ones. It
is well for the bridegroom to sow
garlic cloves and rosemary in his
waistcoat before the ceremony--no
spirit gets depraved enough to stand
that combination. The route at a
wedding must be arranged so that
everything is done as tle sun travels
or as the hands of a watch go round;
anciently there used to be a sacred
fire about which the bride and groom
danced in this manner.
It is all right enough to find a
four-leaved clover, a horseshoe, or
like, but mere picking them up is
not lucky. It must be an assured
fact that the finding is a thing of
pure chance; then as the object is
tU-ken inl hand you must say: "I do
not pick up this horseshoe (or four
leaved clover, as the case may be),
but I pick up good luck. May it
never leave." Horseshoes are useful
for more things than one. A crooked
nail from one is a sure curo for fits,
or if placed in the nest of a setting
hen will keep her from being
frightened off by thunder. Made in
to a ring and worn on the third-fin.
ger of the left hand It cures rhen
matism. But It cannot be insisted
upon too strongly that all these
things must be found--you cannot
Mirrors are good things to have If
they remain whole. It is always
wise to have a littl, one set in a
ring, brooch or bracelet. You know
evil things are unable to withstand
a sight of themselvns. If they catch
the slightest glance of ther ugly
visages they flee for their very ex
istence. This makes a barber shop
a lucky place to have your hair cut
in, but the barber must be particular
to go to the top of a hill with all his
clippings and let them be blown
awvay, else son-rathing undesirable
may find the hair and work you a
mischief. There are some barbers in
Ohicago who ar-e known to be0 care
less about climbing hills for this
purpose. Holdmng a mirror in front
of a man -A hen he is sleeping will
put a stop to any hailstorm if per
sisted in. An , by the way, the un
luckiest thing in the warld is to steal
from a blacksmith. Many a man has
boen known to be defeated on elec
tion day because in his boyhood he
took things from the smithy 'without
permission. And it is also unfortu
nate to make any disposition of the
the parings of your finger nails ex
cept to bury them.
The evil eye is an ancient Institu
tion, and one worthy of regard. The
aniimus behind the owner of the had
eye is always envy. He sees some
thing he wants andl looks askance at
it, and after that the thing never has
any luck. Then when the evil.eyed
one sees that she cannot wish for it
and her power is gono. In some
places this is done by putting a littl<
piece of court plaster or something
similar on the face. Lamnpblack or
the eyelids is famous, though paini
should be taken not to mnake it looli
like long eyelashes. In Chicago thb
favorite oonaatin for thia pnnenea I
Boot-what. the British call "blacks."
These are generally worn; and it
has been eruditely surmised that
this is one reason why the city and
its inhabitants have such good luck
no ervious visitor has ever been able
to make the evil eye work through
the smoke iuisance.
THE REDIVTUIOTINU HILL
It Will be rushed at the contog session of
of the luegislature.
IThe State, 10th.]
One of the matters remaining upon
the calendar at the last session of
the general assembly was the redis
tricting bill. It will be high up on
the calendar at the approaching ses
sion and its author proposes to push
it. There may be a few changes in
the bill, but they will be of an im
material character. Tho author of
the bill yesterday stated that he had
conferred with many of the members
of the body during the recent State
fair and had found that a great deal
of the opposition developed at the
last session has disappeared. Thore
will be some opposition of courso,
but he hopes to got the bill through
after presenting the argument. show
ing the necessity for such a measure.
TIE CONFEDERATE ROLLs.
A Request Froim the state llsorilan - more
[The State, 10th.]
Col. J. P. Thomas, the State his.
torian, requests all parties in the
State having in their possession Con.
federate rolls sont them by the late
General Farley for revision to sond
thoso rolls in to hitj oilo at once.
He is very desirous of taking an in
veritory of all the rolls and getting
the work thoroughly systematised.
A number of these rolls have already
been returned, but thoro are still a
number of them that cannot be lo
With the approval of Governor El
lebe'an arrangiment has been made
whereby the adjutant general is at
once to turn over all the 0onfeder
ate .records of every character now
on file in him ofiloe to the State his
Eughty-nine Plaintiffs, Two Datendants and
Might landred Aures Involved.
(From the Lincoln Journal.)
Just fifty-one years ago--October
30, 1864--MUj,r H. W. Borton, of
this place, sold Misses Sallie and
Caroline Luckoy a tract of land in
East Lincoln for a certain note for
$2,500, which they had inherited,
along with tihe other p)ersonal and
real property, under their father's
will. Some few months after this
Miss Caroline Luckey died and Miss
Sarah Luckoy remained in posses
sion of the property until lhar death,
some ten or twelve yenrs ago. She
willed the prop)erty to lier nephews,
Messrs. Riobert and( James Sims,
who have remained in poaceaable,
(barring the recently closed "Sallie
Luckey Lane" i ncide nt) possession
of the property ever since.
Now, however, a storm has arisen,
and the heirs of Miss Caroline Luckey,
who has been (dead fifty years, have
brought sumt, in Mecklonburg C1ounity
against the Sims brothers to recoveir
Miss Caroline's intorost in the prop.
Lawyers toll us Lhore are many
"pretty" points of law involved, af
feeting many of the rights to real
property, succesion, inherit ance, etc.
T1he do.'ondants, we are informe1,
claim that the note for $2,500, which
was the considerationa paid Ma',or
Burton for the land, was the indi
vidual property of Miss Sallie Luck.
(oy, and the settlement of this ques
tion involves a recom.truction of the
terms of the will und(er which the
- sisters Inheritedl their property.
Another matter of great- inmportance
that will be doubtless considered by
the Courts in the right of succession
involved in the questioni of Miss
Sarah's inboeritanoc from her sister
upon the latter's death.
There ara 89) plaintitfs in the sumt
and 800 acres of land involved. It
promises to be a long and costly liti.
ROMN WONDERFUL CLOCKS.
The Marvels of Astronomical and Chronce
smei riu'Meehauisan-t.1 Peteelburgj use
a Tiuarpi-ce With Ninety-Five Faoes
amid Utrne One With Vtwous
Of course, every Briton has hear4
at one time or other of the famous
olock tower adjoining the houses of
parliament. No doubt ho imaginea
it to be a very line structure, "nd, as
a matter of fact, it is regardod as the
best specimen in our country; but
there are many more wonderful
3looks in existence today, perhaps
not in size, but corla'nly in their
The most w%onderful clock in tLe
world is exhibited in St. Potersburg.
Its magnificenceo may be imagined
from the fact of this colossal time
pioco having no fower than ninoty.
ive faces. It indicates simultane
:usly the time of day at thirty difior
Lut spots on the earth's surface, bo.
5ides the movement of the earth
iround the sun, the phasos of the
noon, the signs of tho zodiac, the
passage over tho meridian of more
Lhan fifty stars of the northorn
[emisphore, and the dato according
to the Gregorian, Greek, Mussulman
ind Hobrow calondars.CTho works
book two years to put together after
the clock had boon sont in detached
Pieii from Switzerland to Russia.
A certai'A watchinaker constructed
a clock whose mechanism represents
overy fifteen minutes all the activi
ties of a winiiatur6 railway station.
The tolograph operator sends a dia.
patch, the doors of the station open,
the stationmastr and his assi.tant
appear on the steps, the clerks open
the windows and distributo the tick
ots; soveral travolors rush toward
the train that comes in at full speed.
In short, until the train has gon(,
the usual stir of such stations is ex.
As the train leaves, each autown.
ton roturns to its place, and for a
quarter of an hour everything is
peacoful. The clook's dimensions
are not known, and it is said to havo
had aix years' labor expended upon
Another remarkable clock is that
made by Villingen, the clockmaker
of the Black Forest, Gormany. It
shows the seconds, minutes, quarter
hours. hours, days, weeks, month-,
seasons, yours and leal) years to the
last second of the year A. 1). U999,
bosides a host of other astrononica',
geographical and historical facts.
T'horo is a celebrated clock tower
at Borno, in Switzerland. Theoap.
proaoh of the hour is announced by
the crowing~ of a cock. At the same
time may bo soon at the very top of
the towver a man clad in a coat of
mail striking the hours with his
sword on a large bell. As the hours
are striking a. troupe of bears make
their appoarance anid parade round
the tower, then makco thneir ('xii.
Long strings of carriages draw up
every hour for thme occupants to wit.
ness this int eresting spectacle.
A gigantic clock, made(1 of cycle
parts, was shiown at a rcent exhibi.
tion held in Paris, Tho hour figures
are compousod of brightly plated
brnnks. All the smaller wheels re.
volvo by mneanst of gear chains, but
this was only for attraction. The
olock kept excellent timoe, and struck
hours, half and (Iiarter hours, the
real mechanism being c!oncoaledl ini
At the time of thme coronationl of
the Empress of Russia at Moscow ini
1724, she was prosented with a
watch as wonderful ini every partiou
lir as the famous Strasburg clock.
On the op)posito side of the time
keeping part there was an exact
counterpart of the holy sopulcher,
with a carved image of the Roman
guard, tho scenc being viewed
through the glass in the case. Upon
opening the case the imitation stones
would roll away from the mouth of
the miniature sepulcher, the guard
kneel, angels appo.lr at oppo cite sides
of the opening, and( at this time the
music would begin i. play, in so't,
sweet strains, thme Mstr songs so
well known to all Russians. The
watch on ly weighed sovein ounces.
The maker of this wonderful piece
of mechanism is said to have worked
upon it almost uninterruptedly for a
nor;( A of nine years.