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."TABnLISHED 1 . NEWBERRY, S. C., FRIDAY, JANUARY 7,1898. -TWICE A WEEK
GENo "JOHNSON HAGOODS
DX&TH1 OF TH1E EMIM.CINT SOUT 1
An Honorable Career-8ucefsful Farmer,
Drave Confedirato Commander, Wliso
Oblet Eroutive and .High-Toned
General Johnson Hagood died at
his. home in Barnwell, S. C., Tues
day afternoon, at 1 o'clock.
Gen. - Hagood was born in Barn
well County, February 21, 1829.
His early education was received at
the Richmond Academy in Augusta,
and at the age of sixteen he entered
the Citadel, where he graduated in
1847 with the highest honors of his
class. Hestudied law and was ad
mitted . to the bar in 1850. In 1851
be was elected commissioner of
equity for Barnwell county, which
office he held until 1861 when he re
signed to enter the Confederate
army. He was elected colonel of
the First South Carolina volunteers
and took part in the bombardment of
Fort Sumter. He was promoted to
a brigadier generalship in 1802.
At the termination of the war he
returned to the active supervision of
his planting interests. In 1871 he
was elected a delegate to the tax
In 1870 he was nominated for
comptroller general, on the ticket
with Hampton, and he contributed
largely to the. great political vic
tory which freed the State from
radical rule. During the time of
the Ellenton riots lie was appointed
by the repubican Judge Wiggins in
charge of a possee to repel the dis
turbance. In May, 1877, he for
mally took possession of the office o!
comptroller general and applied him
self to thoroughly organizing and
systematizing the department.
He was re-elected in 1878 and
continued in office two more years,
when he was elected Governor. His
'idniinistration as 4overnor was a
success and notwithstanding the
efforts of friends to induce him to
accept a second term, he resolutely
refused. Since then he has not
taken an active part in politics.
As a citizen, he has done his duty
to his country and party. His atten
tion has been given chiefly to agricul
tural pursuits and the development
of enterprises in Barnwell. He took
great interest in education, and at
the time of his death was chair
man of the board of visitors of the
In 1854 he married Eloise, daugh
ter of Judge A. P. Butler, and he
has one son; Mr. Butler Hagood.
THlE ATLANTA (OA.) JOUItNAL--DAILY
I)any S5 a Year--Weekly 50 Cents a Year.
The Weekly Journal is a large
paper, containing ten papes of seven
It is filled with the LATEsT NEWA
of the day, both domestic and foreign.
Owning its own leased telegraphic
wires, which are used for no other
purpose but to bring the latest newvs
to its editorial rooms, The Journal
is prepared to get all the news up to
the latest moment.
In addition to the news, it contains
more special features than any other
southern weekly. Among other
things it-has a weekly letter or ser
mnon from Rev. Sam Jones, a contri
bution from Hon. John Temple
Graves, letters of travel, biographies
of distinguished men, and many
other attractive features.
The Weekly Journal is beautiful
ly illustrated by its own artist.
In fact neither energy nor money is
spared to make it the GItEAT SOUTH
And the price is only Fifty cents
a year. To every subscriber send
ing fifty cents for a year's subscrip
tion and a two-cent postage stamp
extra (to pay postage) a beautiful
lithographed calendar for 1898 will
be sent free.
Specimen copies free.
View- of Ilishop Turntr, ani Euthuulast oi
the Subject--Africa the Natural Home
of the Itaco-Perpetual Enslaveinent
of thoa who Rnittin Here.
Whites Itign Suprente.
(From the Washiigton Star.)
Bishop Henry M. Turner, -o
Georgia, who is one of the bost
known and most highly educated
negro ministers in. the United States
was in Washington a fow days thik
week, and gave the Evening Star
the following interview touching th(
emigration of negroes to Africa, it
which ipovement the Bishop is the
recognized head, and with which he
has been identified for a number o:
years. Bishop Turner ig an nnthu
siast on the emigration question, ani
does not hesitate to say that it is
only a question of oxtormination or
emigration for the negro. He has
given the question years of study,
and has been censured and abused
by both the white and colorei
races, but this has not caused him to
depart one iota from his beliefs and
purposes regarding African emigra.
Replying to a question Bishop
"Some of you gentlemen of th<
press have seon fit to give mot at
occasional roasting, but I am pleased
to say that in most instances th(
press has boon ready to give my fol
lowers and mysolf .ustico. We havc
done nothing in this matter excepi
in an open and straightforward man
nor, ad we have kept no one in the
dark about anything concerned wit
the movement. It has boon our aiu
to give it the widest publicity possi
ble, and I am even willing that I
should be caricaturod and lam
basted by the pross if by so doing i
will aid in any way in spreading the
truths of our mission aud our work
THE NEOnO's NATURAL HOMM.
"I think the future of the negr<
race lies in Africa, his natural home
and the richest country on earth
Africa is the negro's fathorland, and
the sooner he goes the better fo:
him. This movement is far-ronch
ing, and will chango the entire his
tory of our race. It has simply comi
down to exterminatiou or emigratioi
for the negro. Any intelligent mat
who has given the matter conside
ration realizes that. Why is it sol
Simply from tho fact that statisticE
show that the negro race is dying
out. It is not growing healthier
happier, wiser or anything els(
which goes to make life worth
"God Almighty, in His infinit<
goodness and wisdom, made Africt
for the negro and1 the negro fo:
A frica. I bolievo this just as muel
as I do that the sun shines. If ]
had $5,000,000 1 woulid invest over3
cent in ships, and would see thai
every negro who wishedl to go t<
Africa got there. I believe I an
needed here, but the very moment:
can get fifty thousand or one hun
dred thousand negroes to go witi
me, I am off like a quarter-horse, an(
I wvill think it the best dlay's wvorkj
wUITEs wIL.L ALwAYS IRION.
"Yes, but the negro race can nove:
be more than howers of wood ani
drawers of water hero. The gian:
race-the wvhite race--w ill al1wayt
reign supreme in America. Johr
Temple Graves, a gentleman fo]
whom I have the highest regard aait
in one of his speeches that the negr<
would never be allowved to control ir
this country, even where lhe has n
majority. Mr. Graves also said thai
the price of the negro's peace wat
"T'his being true, how can th<
negro ever hope to attain here th(
full stature of a citizen or a man 1
Intnlligent negroes wvell knowv thai
Mr. Graves has nmot uttered thest
truths from personal prejudice, fom
he has plead the negro's cause a~
but few men in the South have.
"And what does the great states.
man, Senator Morgan, of Alabama,
say P lie says the negro will nevm
receive social recognition bere, and
that the negro had better be a slav<
than a free man without social
recognition, if lie expects to remain
in this country"
'Has the African emigration move.
went met with the approval of a ma
jority of the negro race?"
"No, indeed, but, on the cont- a-y,
a lot of ignorant negroes have op
posed it from its very inception.
They prate about the sickness of
Africa and miany ohter things of
which they are in denso ignorance.
The thoughtful and intelligent of the
white race ondorso the emigration
policy, and it will yet prove a suc
coss and of untold blessings to the
MAY BE HIE-1NsLAVED.
"There is some chance, too, of the
negro being ro enslaved if he prefers
to say that this kind of talk comes
from a disordered brain, bat that
kind of sfuff does not annoy me in
"Africa is one of the very richest
countries on earth, and with a line of
steamers owned and controlled by
negroes, jr1ing botween that great
country and th(j United States, the
negro would soon grow rich and
prosperouR by selling to the whites
of this country minerals, precious
ores, gems, ivory, and a thousand
things wbich are found in abundance
in that rich land, and which would
fetch good prices hero. I believe
that the press of this country would
be doing incalculablo benefit to hi.
manity by giving this African emi
gration policy caroful study and then
giving the facts as wide publicity as
"Is the movement growing sat
"Of course, with others, I am
naturally somowhat impatient, but
I can say that everything presents
an encouraging look. The move
ment is one of vast magnitude
and cannot be carried through in a
hurry. It will be a glorious day
whon the first steamers sail for that
land, which will be one of peace and
plenty, and which/vas intended as
tho home for the negro race."
COAST LINE'S '8oo0r.
11no More Mileage Than Any Other Road.
The purchase of the Oharleston
and Western Carolina by the Coast.
Line is the sensation in railroad cir
cles. The negot-iaticns wore evi
dontly conducted with the greatest
secrecy. Chairman Evans of the
railroad commission, who was in the
city yesteriday, expressed the great
est surprise, and said 'that he had
not oven suspected such a thing.
By the purchase, the Coast Line
becomes the largest railroad in the
stato at least as far as mileage is con
cor-ned. It owns about half the mile
age in the state, its total trackage
being somewhat over eight hundred
miles. The0 Southern heretofore
owned the greatest mileage, the
amount being about five hundred.
The Charleston and Western Caro
linai has about twvo hundred and
fort.y-oight miles of track. In con
nection with the purchase, the fol
lowing in reference to the business of
the road will be read with interest,
it being taken from tho Augusta
Discussing passonger earnings, it
is pertinent to remark that there is
one road runnmng into Angusta that
has every renson to be gratified at
the result of the business of .1897 in
the passenger department. General
Manager- W. J. Craig, of the Char
leston, and Western Carolina re
marked yesterday to a Chronicle re
porter that his system had shown a
steady increase for the p)ast year,
the average increase for every month
being one thousand dollars.
Trol)e is no railroad property in
the south that has showni such (de
cidod improvement in uall depart
ments as has the Charleston and
After his talk with Mr. Craig the
reporter happened later in the day
to be in a group of railroad men and
they wore discussing the long dis
tance telephone feature above men
tioned1. He cited the case of the
Charleston and Western Carolina
passenger earning for the year, when
one of the railroadlers remarked:
"Now that is one of the finest rail.
way system, in the country."
"Yes; if it had a direct western
connection," another said.
"It doesn't need any western con
neetionI," the first speaker rep)lied.
"Its local business is the very boat."
--Rgister, Jan. L.
HARD ON MR. HANNA
DEEATED IN ?ELIMIINAILY SKIlt
MISil1 FOR 01110 SENATO4sil1P.
The Cotn,lMe Agaiest, the tepubiucan Boss
Capture s the Organiratiots of the Legis
lature-A Hot Thno.
Columbus, 0, Jan. 8.-The sena.
torial contest in the Ohio legislaturo
has becomo desporate. The combino
of 10 anti-Hanm repuhlieans with
the democratic members won at the
caucuses last Saturday night and
again today in organizing both
branches of the legislature in the
interest of the "combine," opposition
to the ro election of Sonator Hanna.
There are two dates for tests of
strength-the joint senatorial cau
cuses next Wednesday night and the
joint balloting for senator one week
from next Wednesday, January 12.
With the complications of the logis.
lativo organization and its patronage
disposed of, the Hanna men tonight.
began a most desperate fight on the
The Hanna men deny that they
will form a coalition with Calvin S.
Brice,- a gold democrat, for senator,
rather than be beaten by a free silver
republican, or that they will do any
thing else but fight it out if it takes all
winter. While they are not able to
give a list long enough to elect, they
claim that Hanna is stronger than
Boxwoll and the other regular re
publ-can candidates in the organiza
tion of the legislature, and that the
opposition has not enough votes to
elect a senator.
The Hanna men concedo that they
have lost the power of the organiza
tion of both branches, can name no
chairman, place no members in do
sirable positions on any of the comi
mittees or disposo of any other state
patronage, but they have carried the
war into the homo counties of the
bolting republican membors and ex
pect the necessary changes before
next Wednosday night.
The developments of last Saturday
night and today have caused the
Hanna men to admit they were out
done in the preliminary organization
for this contest aind that they under
estimated the opposition, especially
the extent of it since the November
While ex-Chairman Kurtz was
thought to have been organizing
against Senator Hanna ever since
the republican state convention at
Toleto, yet the participation of Gov
ernor Bushnell and others had not
been fully anticipated. The demo
cratic state headquarters have been
kept in operation by John R1. McLean
and others ever since the Novomn
ber election, ostensibly to prepare a
grand free silver carnival here on
Jackson day, January 8.
It now transp)ires that the demo
cratic state headquarters were kept
open to get all the democratic mem
born in line for what took place to
day and for the defeat of Hlanna.
Meantime Mr. Krutz was marshalling
overy possible republican in ine
against Hlanna and communicating
with the committee en arrangemients
for Jackson day. When this fact was
no longer concealed tonight by the
opposition, thlere wvere more republi
cans openly complaining against
Senator Hanna's managers. Sena
tor Hanna did niot arrive here till
last Friday evening, arnd wvas in
WVashington till tho hioliluy recess.
He heard comp)laints about his own
absence and about under- estimating
the organization of thle op)position
in a very good natured manner and1
inpisted that lhe would yet wvin out.
T1hie superior or.ganiizationi of tile
opposition was shown in the conibine
soecuring today nearly all of tihe
doubtful votes. TIhe oppo.sit ion has
had an army of wvorkers here for a
week, who hamve kept close to eachl
one of the doubtful republicans.
The opposition marched to the state
house in line like troops and worked
for weeks like soldiers under orders.
They had been dlomlg picet duty,
s'.irmishing and walking guard
lines, and they had their t.riumplhal
march in tha most unusual matter,
because of the confidnce in their
organization. The wives and daugh
tors of the managers o! I he "combino"
secured choice seats in advance in
the legislative halls, awaiting the
arrival of the anti-H1annaists and the
most elaborate floral dosigns were
on hand for the occasic.n.
The feeling of the republican
members who voted for their caucus
nominees is openly expressed
against.GovernorBushnell more than
against Mr. Kurtz or othor republi
cans who combinud with the domo
The State Jo,--nid, the republican
organ of Central Ohio, prints a large
picture of Governor Bushnell, with
heavy black borders. Some republi
can clubs have cancelled their on
gagement, of quarters here for Whe
inauguration exercises next Monday,
and many protests aro being recoived
at the state house. Col. T. W.
Moore of Marietta, another afpoin
tee of Governor Bushnell, today re
signed as trustee of the state insane
asylum at Athens.
FEELING OF REvExGE.
The feeling of revenge was shown
oven in the routine legislative pro
ceedings. Representative Brambloy,
of Cleveland, introduced a bill to ro
peal tho fifty year franchise law for
stroot railways, in which Senator
Hanna is largely interestod. Brain
ley is a contractor who has large
contracts under the municipal ad
ministration of Mayor MeKisson
and other members from Cleveland,
who are supporting Hanna, are said
to have measures ready for changes
and investigations at Cleveland that
would affect Brambloy.
Representativo Jones of Stark
county, a republican who is opposing
Hanna, has been frequently rominded
that the county convention that nom
inated him adopted strong resolutions
instructing him to support Hanna.
Mr. Jones was chairman of the com
n,ittoo on re-olutions in that county
convention and declared himself then
for Hanna. To-day Mr. Jones offered
a very strong Cuban resolution, that
is in conflict with Senator Hanna's
vote on the Cuban question in Ihe
Representative Scott, of Fulton
county, who voted with "the con
bino" to-day and who is opposing
Senator Hanna, was also instructed
by resolutions at the county conven
BOTH SIDES CONFIDENT.
Both sides are spending the night
in close conferences. All the changes
that are being sought are anticipated
from repor ts. It is conceded that
Senator Burke, one of the republi
can senators from Cleveland, wvho
has not yet appeared, will bo hero
to vote againstEHanna. His attorney
today presented his certificate of
election to Lieutenant Clovernor Jones
just before the senate convented.
The sonato will cast 17 votes for
Hlanna and 19 against him. If Hanna
is no stronger in the house than the
Boxwell ticket was today wvhon I3ox
well received 53 votes andl Mason 5(1
for speaker, then Senator Hanna
would have only 70 votes on joint
ballot, and 73 are necessary to elect.
Notwithstanding the results of the
organizations of both housea, both
sides seem equally confident in
claiming the senatorship on joint
'rho senate stands I8 dlemocrats
and 18 republicans. With party lines
drawn in thE senate, Lieutenant
Gov. Jones r-epubl icani, would have
had the tio vote to cast, and( lhe had
been considered as opposed to Hanna.
The houso stands (12 roepublicans
andI 47 demnocrats, the former in
cluding four fusionists from Cin.
In One Dnv.
THE SAGE OF ENOREE
GIVEs MOUND ADVICE TO SOUTHEIRN
A tipo Uxperiouce-Pianit All that is Conn
um1ted--Whenl Crop Is Made, Neil It.
Don't Wait for Higher 'rices.
To the Editor of The Register:
The father of the writer devoted
his life to agriculture. Io made
fifty-five crops. Io mado every
thing on the plantation consumed on
it that it was posFiblo to make. Ie
made all the grain and mont, con
sumod on the plantation and always
had some to soll. Ie had a flock
of shoop that yielded enough wool
for the clothes of all his slaves,
whieh woro homo-mado. The shoes
of all the slaves wore made on the
plantation. He always bought hats
and caps for the mon and boys. Tho
writer know him to haul his cotton to
Charleston, 80 miles, in 1843, and
soll it at 4 conts por pound. Ie
was a successful planter. His plan
tation was solf supporting, and that
was his socrot of success.
Tho writor has made forty-five
crops. He has never failed to make
somo monoy each year. He grows as
near as he can what is consumed on
his plantation. Ho does all his busi
ness for cash. He has no outstand
ing obligat.ions and is on no ono's
paper as security. Standing security
has wreckod more men than any one
other thing. Avoid it as you would
poison. Be just to all alike and true
If the farmers of the south would
be prosperous and happy, lot each
one strive first, to make all On tho
farm they can that is consumod on
it and some to sparo. After that,
plant all the cotton possible and
make every pound possiblo. This is
the determination of the writer.
When he started life, his fathor
gave him the following advico:
"Always plant fur dry weather.
Give good distanco. Never phow the
ground when it is too wet. Nover
stop plows becauso of dry weather.
When you have everything roady for
market, sell it. Never- hold for
I havo done this for fifty years,
and have beaten all who hold for
higher prices. ELLI.o S. KNrr.
Enoree Plantation, Jan. 1.
WIN'HiPtoI PURE WATER.
Frof. Clark of Masachusettm Also F4rinds It
Prof. Moses, the acting president
of Wiuthrop college has trauismitted
to Gover-nor Ellorboe tihe copy of
another expoert rep)ort Oin the water
in use at the college. When a sami
pIe was sent on to Prof. Stokes of
JTohns Hopkins another samnple was
sont to Prof. H. W. Clark of the
Massachusetts board of health. Horc
is his repor-t:
Lawrence, Mass., Dec. 31, 1897.
Sanitary analysis of water from
WVinthrop Normal college, Rlock Hill,
(Parts peor 100,000.)
Total sohdl (1.. .. .. .. .. 14.9000
F"rno ammonia .. .. .. ....0)10
Albuminoid ammonia. .0028
Chlorine.. .. .. .. .. . ...2000)
Nitrogenas nitrites .. .. .0000
Oxygen consumed..... .1400)
Hardness.... .. ......500
Bacteria por cub)ie coniti.
'IH. W. CLAnK.
The letter to Prof. Moses was as
Dear Sir: 1 enclose the result of
the analysis of the water r-eceived
from you ])ec. 27. 'The analysis
shows tihe water to be0 of goodl quatl
ity', safe and snitable for all (10m11s
tic purposes. The entire abusenco~ of
bacterial life is remarkable andI quite
unusual, bult, non1o hiavo'yt grown on
our culture plato.
No tests mnade for poisonous mot
H. WV. CLAnKo,
(Ji ~tluutao Cough (' roe ur-'a quicklky.
MEETS IN COLUMBIA
EARLY IN FEBRUARY.
FACTS AnOUT T111H COMING STATE
Y. M. C. A CONVENTION.
Law Raitlroad iates Secured-Som of the
Prominent Prekers Who Winl be Pre
Sent--F.xcellnot Programntue 1so
The 21st annual State conveti.
of the Young Men's Christian Asso
ciation of South Carolina will bo
held at Columbia, Feb. 10.13. Tho
Stato coinmitLoo hus boon for some
timo giving careful thought and hard
work for the preparation of this con
veition antd they now havo one of
th strongest programmes arranged
that has over boon given at any form.
Mr. Georgo A. Warburton, for
niany years the elicient gonoral sec
rotary of the Grand Contral railroad
departmont in Now York city, will
be present. Mr. Warburton is one
of the most cultured and oficient
secretaries now in association work.
Mr. 1-. P. Anderson, field secretary
of the international committeo, who
has boon connected with the work
for the last eight years, will also
havo a prominent place on the pro
grammo. One of the collogo sc.o
taT ios of the international committee
will be present an( assist in the
work of the college dolegation.
Prominent business and professional
mon all over the State have tccopted
places on the programme.
Reduce(d railroad rates have boon
soeured from all points in the State .
The rate secured over the Stato is
tho usual one and onethird first
class fare. Reduced rates have boon
secured at the hotels in Columbia.
The now Columbia hotel will be the
headquarters for all desiring to on
tertain themselves, although tho cit.
izens of Columbia will ottertain in
their homes all dologates who so
Considorablo time will be given to
the discussion of the work in the
collego associations as that is a very
powerful featuro in the work of t.e
Young Men's Christian Associations
of South Carolina. Tho collogo men
are now wvorking for a diologation of
100 1men fromi the difrorent institiu
tions and it his hoped that they will
bo successful .in bringing them.
Christian young men all over the
State, whothor meinbors of the
Young Mon's Christian Association
or not aro invited to attond this
gatirwing, that they may there so
he great work being done for t.he
young mieni of South Carol ina anid
learn morro of the methods being
hei pasters or the dlifferont evan
gelical churches are also cordially
invited to be present.
Any desiring information about
the convention should wvritoe, either to
Mr. James Dillingham or Stato Soc
rotary WV. M. Lewis, Charleston,
Kindness out of season destroys
author ity. -Sandi.
It is never wise to slip the bands
of discipline.-Lew Wallace.
Age is a matter or fooling, not of
years-George William Curtis.
God alone canI bind up a bleoding
Nobody can give you wiser advice
than yourself; you will never err if
yon listen to your own suggestions.
TVhe firmest frieondshmips have been
formed in mutual adlversity, as iron
is t he more strongly unmited1 by the
TJhoro is a healt.hful hardiness
about real dignit.y that never dreads
contact and communionu with others,
however huiumbl)I.-Washinmgton Irv
Other blessings. may be taken
awvay, but if we havo acqluired a good
friend b)y goodness, we have a bless.
ing which improves in value when
others fail. it is oven heightened
b)y su fferings.-Chmanning.
.J. A 1'.rkins, ofAn,t'1uity, o , wna~ for thirity
ye-ars a.oettIEaSEy torinc, il bay phiyHicOiLs for
the cure of a'czen,ii lie wias qiui(kly curr-l l-y
using DOwitt's wVitchi lije dalve t ii
a10 mOnatlbu(r uvn tar nua..~ a..d *kri. .nio