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E STIABLISHED 1865. ___ NEWUERRY, S. 0., T UESDAY, JANUARY 18, 1898. E A
A LEGISLATIVE REVIEW.
WHAT TIE TWO VIOUSES HAVE DONE
AND ARIP LIKELY TO DO.
A Upunendable Spirit of InuurtVly, is
w*4 on of Good Feeling, DIIsplAye4 6o
Far-The LegislaturO thin Year Dis
posed to do t4 Own"TItinkI.'g.
The Dispensary tho Ouly
Matter that can Provoke
411ior Justice Mo.
Iver ha% Virtu
ally no Oppc
[Special to News and Courier.]
Columbia, January 1.-The Gen
eral Assembly of South Carolina has
done more actual work in the first
five days of a session than has evor
before boon done. It has not only
done hard, but effective work, and
not content with a good beginning
has mapped out abundant work for
the future. Night sessioni have al
ready been started.
The legislation up to this time has
not been radical, it has been far
from that. There have been an
abundance of minor matters acted
upon and bills that contemplated
useless laws have been killed, be
cause they ought to have been and
have not been passed simnply out of
courtesy to some member. That
spirit seems to be fast dying out.
The continued lack of political
feeling and the disposition to work
are thus far the two most conapicu
ous f %turs of the legislative session.
At tii last session it was quite the
unusual thing to ask that anything
be done because it bore the stamp
of "Reform," and that old time
slogan was a thing of the dim past.
Measures were considered on their
merit, except perhaps the dispensary
and income tax bills, which came
from "down stairs," with the Execu
Let'it be said, vith rojoicing, that
not a single member has thus far
this sessiou -pleaded for the passage
of any measitre because it was prom
ised by "Reform," or because it, will
help the movement. That day is
fast fading away, and the sensible
members see it. There is one Son
ator and one or two members who
seem to b'e ignorant of this condition
if report be true, and the first thing
they kuow they will be loft high and
dry, with the possible satisfaction
that they have beei of use to some
one else. If members could hoar the
free comment on the Gubernatorial
situation they would appreciate the
fullness of the new era. Something
-the dispensary is about the only
thing-mily provoke partisan dis
cussion, but I doubt that. Memn
bors, influiential ones, have told me
her '>fore they have accepted on
faith bills thnit have come fron)
"down stair's." They say they have
done this long enough, arid the
Governor have not been successful
with the bills they have asked be
Naturally the fir.st inquiry is, wvhat
will como of the dispensary ? Nowv this
is a quoshon thait should be more
properly directed to a prop)het. Gov.
Ellerbe (loes niot know. Senator
Tillman is ,going to a gain keep
"mouth -mad hands off." ~Senator so
and-so and Represon'tv yehu~s-and-so
know as little about results as the
Lon looker. It is a curious but a help
less situtiont of not being able to
solve a riddle. If tho members could
close their eyes and kick the wvhole
dispensary system overboard, with
Nout be1ng held responsible for it by
some of their constituents, they
would no doubt so do. The dispen
sary is a political incubus, except to
those on the inside. There are just
now five contending elements, first
and foremost for. the undisturbed
dispensary system; second for the
~; elimination of the, profit feature--a
mere subterfuge; third, for prohibi
tion; fourth, for licensmng under the
restrictions of the Constitution; fifth,
* for opt,ion betwveen the throe sys
The high license elemont gives no
evidences of making a tight at this
Sjuncture; they prefer to lot the other
,schenies be tried and fail. Glover-nor
Ellerbe's plan will not be successful,
unless it should be shown to the dis
thing lassible, and they are not i
disposed to behove. The legal mov
bers insist that it is farcical a-a
aid again to pass laws to havo the
perforated by the courts, and to a
ticipato such a fate. Attortiy Ge
oral Barbor has all along hol tii
the boNo:age (jIntion, and iot i
profit feature, is the cru:al test, an
lie has very properly declined to 1
a party to the preparation of a bi
based on the elimination of the pri
lit feature, because he, as the legi
force of the Assembly, realzed thi
the profit feature of the dispensar
is not now and has never been t1i
determinieg issue.. Mr. Skinno
when he proposed tho tosolutio
that. Mr. Barbor be called upon t
propose a bill that would in his opit
ion hold its own in thi Courts, an
drive out the "or'ginal package
people, did the very best thing poi
sible; whether it will be passed
quite another thing.
The situation is just this, the mc i
bors do not feel inclined to take an
radical stops, and so the chances tit
that the dispensary law will in a
probability be as little changed -
possible. Mr. Mayfield's bill, whic
leaves it for the people to decid
what they want, wi. '.3 pressed, an
would be a sensiblo way out of ti
THE STATE nOARD OF CONTROL.
It may not be the proper t.hing t
say, but, there is a.groat deal of log
rolling going on about the hotel lot
bies. It is principa ly in connectio
with the two vacancies on the Stat
board of control-as much sougl
after as the Governorsuhip-and
little as to other elections. The car
vassing for membership on the Stat
board of control is active, onoregoti
and persistent. It appears to be a
issue as to whether the board shoul
.r should not bo reorganized in h
intorost of the chairmanship of Mi
Leon J. Williams. This woul
mean the election of Messrs Hasol
lon and Timnerman, who are cre(
ited to h) favorable to the chairmat
ship of Mr. Williams. Mr. Tim
morman's election would mean t h
lofet of the incumbent., Mr. Mm
ion R. Cooper, who has been inimic
to tio Williams-Douthit interest.
and Mr. 1-asolden is to be opposo,
by Mr. J. 0. A. Moore, and perhap
formor Senator Brico. The intentio
appears to be to divido up the Stati
as to representation on the boar'
with due regard to geographical di
visions. The positions only pay S
per day during the Sessions5 of th
beard and mileage.
TnlE .JUDICIAI. ELlTIONs.
The only circuits in which them
will be any contest will 1be th
lirsts and sixteenth. Jurdge Blent
will be opposed by Gon. James l<
Izlar and R?epr'esentative Bacot, ani
Judge Withorspoon's p)osition), fo
which ho declines to runn again, wil
be contended for by Ropresentati v
Dage and Ex-Sol icitor McDonali
There have been whisperings of o1
position to Ch?ief Justico Melvor, V
it hams failed to maiteriahize. Th
suggestion is that this opposit.ioni
being used as a throat in anmothmer
the Jndges hip elections, the idona be
ing that if a certaiun caindidaito b
dlefeated, Justice McIvor in to b~
sacri(iced1. Th'lis is regarded as
great '"bluff.'" The1 tronblo is t hr
the callers have nothing but a brola
en straight or flushl. The1&y thbin
they have made it, but when the ca
is made will find it broken. Th
members of the Supreme Court vor
handsomely and foolingly refnse posi
tively to 01ppos8 Jlustico McTver, an
their friends nturally wvill ntot cair
to see some ambitions lawyer p)r
over them oni the I3onchm. Seven
prominent lawyers, esp~eciially on tLI
Senate side, have been anpproache
and asked to make thme race, but at
clined, and so there appears to lI
talk of but one lawyer as a possibi
candlidatn, and lhe does not C'ppnar I
be averse to beiing known as a no
of sward of danrocles. Cheif Justin
McIvor will be re-elected Chief Juli
tice, opposit.ion or no opplosit.ior
bluff or no bluff, election or 1r
election of certain judicial enadidate
No matter which of the candidat
is eleted the jicllartnel
-o will not suffor in ability or reputa
i- tion. They iare all good.
NO sLAP AT THE OOVERNOR.
There have been suggestions of
slapping at. Govoror Ellorbe in cor
tain respcts. It was stated "!jat
the passage of the tax extension ro
d olutio against the wishes of Gove
ornor Ellerbo was a slap at him.
This is a mistake, and it may as well
bo so known, for Governor Ellerbe
i-i getting cliticism enough without
i Tho tax resolution was passed en
tirely without regard to the desires
of Governor Ellorbe, and really with
out most of the members knowing
SENATOR TILLMAN's POSITION.
d It was stated "oil the quiet" that
Boniator Tillnan was coming to Co
. lunibia to take a hand in mattors,
s and to look out for t he future. Sun
ator Tillinni is not rushing into
politio nei:ssly, and is disposud to
let 'it t i ' - their natural course.
o If he C :11 a to Columbia he
iv v lh 1 nut i Ciig or two of
s iwud intrw. ti, .im,elf, but he is
h n1ot likely to (,inwi; why, it is unno
o c1ssar to i. tito jt1st nlow, except that
dI( he ia wiso friends in Coltumbin, who
Sare not alt1gether sellish.
A SHORT SEsSION PROBARLE.
Tho unquestionablo (lisposition is
manifest to have a shurt sossion
0 not over thirty days-and if it wore
not for custom, it would not be that
long. Members have told me that
they saw no possible reason for more
o than a twenty-one-day session. The
General Assembly has worked from
a the jump and has worked hard. The
holding of night sessions the second
0 week is unusual, but on the line of
C getting through with work. Those
of the members who worked honest.
ly for a short session will stand bet
torlwith their constituents. It is at
all times to be remiombered that there
is such a thing as wasting a great
doal of time, and at the same time
voting on all measures looking to
wards early adjournment. When
the members get to the appropria.
tion bill und argue an hour on cut
ting some )oor clerk's salary about
.00, it would be well to romembor
that the debate is worth so much an
hour at. about. $1,200 a day.
On this lino it. may be mentioned
that the petniil ight will be made
to cut salaries and tho collego ap
propriati ions. Salaries and appro
9riations are low enough, and Jogis
lat ive bodies1) have said1 so time and
time again, yet thle effort to slash
will be made, and the chlief argu
e ment will be five-cent cotton and the
o~ delicit, which is nothling now. The
t ways and1( mneans committee will re
.coiimmend cot tain reductions, and the
I unfortunate minor officials will be
r the ones to come in for the greater
I proportionate reductions.
..V ~ FIsH LAws YET.
It w h and rem)arkable,
t i .fat :Mudium, thant there have
b,m an no biu a: po posed this ses
sn.i Th'i~ po a and stumigeon
and terraIpin, ifthey only knew how
much1)L has boen done to keep them
alive, wvould be (duly grateful; bnt
the law books( have been filled by
sp~lecial A ets until it got demnoraliz
tug, and whenm Mr. Shad or Mr.
Sturgeon we: t from one county to
k another ho had to ask the best con
Ist itutional lawyer "where he Was at."
The Supriema Court's hlolding one of
vthe sp)ecial laws to be unconstitution
al may have checked the flood of
1fish legislation, but the session is
not old anmd fish bills may yet come
tin their old tieio glory and multipli
APPoPIATION AND BUPP1LY BILLs.
d The ways anmd mneans committee
-has aliready fin ished a skeleton of
e the applro[priaLtion bill, but it bas not
1) beenI agreed upnon ini deOtails. The
n0 impression amlong members of the
rt ways and me(ans commlfitt(oo aind the
0 finarcco comnmittog is that the tax levy
P- to be0 collected neet fall will be 5 or
5, 1-4 mills. The graduated license
o Wil whlich was a remnant from last
5. year's session, wenit. to the wall sov
'5 oral dauys ago. It was a comlpanlion
it n iee to t.he inbome t.nw bil nnd it
would be quite the proper thing for
the two ineasures to occupy a com
The abolisti :ng of the ofilce of
phosphate inspoctor, at- suggested by
Governor Ellerbo, will save no money
if it means the reation of another
clerkship in [the Comptroller Gen
LEGISLAVINE NEWS NOTES.
Messrs. Aldrich and JotTories are
the only members of the present
House, who were members of the
Wallace House. Clerks Hemphill
and Gray were also members of that
There wll be no logislative session
next Wednesday, it being Gen. Lee's
There is an unusually good attend
ance of members in both Legislative
branches. A. K.
sILVItM FORCES TO UNITE.
Appeal to Hilver Leaders of the various'
Washington, Jan. 14.--As a result
of conferences held in the last few
days between the silver leaders of
the various parties, it is understood
Chairman Jones of the National
Democratic Committee, Chairman
Butler of the populist national con
mittee and Chairman Towne of the
silver national republican committee
will issue a joint manifesto the early
part of next wook, with a view to se
curing common action by the three
organzations in the political contest
of 1898. The draft of the document
is now in the course of preparation.
It will appeal to all thre interested
in the cause of silver to work in the
union aind to avoid rival organiza
tions by which their common strength
will be dissipated.
The talks among the silver men
continued today, but they did not
take the shapo of a formal confer.
once. Chairmin Towne had re
turned from the contest at Colum
bus, where he assisted in the opposio
tion to Mr. Hanna. He was about
the house of representatives talking
with Representative Bland andother
The feeling developed was gener:
ally in favor of common action
among all the silver elemonts. Messrs.
Jones, Butler and Towne will confer
further during the next few days
and the address will then be made
On the 18th inst. the American
Bimetallic Union holds its meeting
here, and this is expected to give
further cohlesion to the joint move
mo n t.
CHILL &t FEVE~R
A NEW "GIBSON olaL."
A new "Gibson girl," drawn by
the famous society artist, C. D). Gib..
son, will make her debut in print as
the cover design for the February
Ladies' Home Journal. The now
"girl" is the artist's own little daugh.
tor, who, at one year of age, will bo
shown as drawn by her clever father.
The legend under thme picture is "My
A NEw FOaM OF PERSONALI'TIER.
The old style of portraying famous
peoplo through a "sketch" or "biog
raphy" is to be modernized in Theli
Ladies' Home Journal during 1898,
Five of the most p)romnelnt Ameri
cans have been chosen for the de
p)arturo: President McKinley, Mrs.
Cleveland, Mark TIwai n, Joseph
Jefferson, and Thomas A. Edlison.
Each will have a special article,
which will consist of about Ijifteeni
or twenty fresh, unpublished stories
and anecdotes strung togethem, each
anecdote showing some characteristic
trait or presenting a difforont side
of tile subject. T1he idlea is to show
famous personalities through t heir
own doiugs and sayingr, anid make
these articles accurate the relatives
and closest personal friends of the
subjects hivoe assisted and given to
the Journai the best stories and an
ecdotes within their own knowledge.
Each article will thus represent the
closest viow of the one s';etched. No
authorship will be atta med to any of
THmE LADIES HOMiE JOUIaNAL,
good men could not be induced to go
through the worry of an election to
btain these ofiloos, which paty noth
ing -and enta.1 loti of trouble.
A bill to abolish tourist hotel
privilegos was introduced and ro
lerred to the special disponsary com
nittoo of Ono from ecteh county,
wvhich has charge of all measures re
ating to the dispensary.
The Thomas's joint resolution to
,)rovido for the sale of native wines
>y county dispensors was killed
The house passed a bill to pro
rent and punish loitering at railroad
What The Legeslature lo Doing.
Columbia, January 14.--The ses
tion of the house today was a brief
)no. Before noon the body adjourn
)d for the day, having gone through
Jhe calendar of bills on the dosks for
Mr. Millor's dispensary bill was
-ecommittAd. Mr. -John P. Thomas's
oint rosolution to provide for the
ale of native wiines by county dis
)onsors was killed. Mr. E. 1).
inith's bill increasing the ponalities
:or wrecking, roeking and interfor
ng with railroad trains passed its
econd reading, so did Mr. Graham's
>ill to amend the law licensing eii
Mr. C. M. Davis's hotel dispensary
1ill was recommitted. The house in
lefinitely posponed the sonato bill to
provide for the election of boards of
township commissioners. The com
mittee bill relating to wages of opor
tiv - was killod and without t he
3light st debate the commit too bill to
provide for a graduato license on oc
-upations and business which created
uch a stir last sessiont was givon its
Among the new house bills intro
auced today Were the following.
Mr. Magill to include portions of
Abbovillle and Edgefield count ies in
Mr. Banks, to abolish county
boards of control and devolve their
duties on the county supervisors of
the several counties.
Mr. Strkie, to do away with life
imprisonment for murder upon jury
recomendat io-i to morey.
Mr. Timmerman, to requiro firo
and marine 11is1ranica policies to be
written by agents resident in this
Mr. Reynolds int rodnced a concur
rent, resolution calling upon this
state's members of congress to induce
the passage of an act by congress to
submit to the pe~ople of the United
States an amendment to thie conistitu
Lion requiring that United States
senators be chosen by a vote of the
people of the several states.
By an aye and nay vote of '2l to
17 and '20 to 18 respectively, the
senate killed Mr. Itagsdlale's two con
stitutional r.mondmnents to p)rovide
for the olctioni of judges and sur
preme court justices bty a p)opular
vote. E. .J. WV.
In One Day.
Why does a man wvho is relly
good usually look so sad(?
Why does nearly all the milk o
human kindness taste of the can ?'
Why is it that a wvoman can novel
throw anything straight but kisses
WVhy does the average mfhan alway:
want to open a door marked "pri
Why is it that your shoestrin
never breaks unless you are in
Why is it that about tw~o-tirdi
of a doctor's bill is for guessing a
yovur comnInlint A.-(thano New.
AT A LIVELY GAIT
ll1.U%I.AIiON IS PiIOVIEEDING Wil1f
'ubtle 'rtoting 11111 Ioem the House
Tw-enly Fer Cent. plalary Ige(luct.
The session of th legislature to.
day was strictly of a business charac.
ter. If the gait struck during the
first wook is kept up, the Legislaturo
can easily adj(u-n by February 12,
Mr. Toole introduced a bill in the
house to cut all salaries 20 per cent.
after the terms of the incumbents
expire. The low prico of cotton
makes many friends for the salary
The lawyers of the House had a
lively discussion of Mr. McCullough's
bill to amend tho law relative to ser
vice of summons by magistrates'
constables. A (lay for tho hearing
is now set in the summons and M.
MlcCullough wants the law changed
so that the hearing shall be had
upon the t wontieth l day after service
of tho summons.
This being a legal question, a ma.
jority of the lawyers in the house
had1 to air their viows about it. When
Mr. McCullough saw that his mn.
sure was doomed to defoit, h so
cured its recommittal to the judiciary
committee, which had already acted
unfavorably upon it.
The public printing bill passed its
third reading without opposition.
Tho following bills were killed.
To amend section 927 of the gen.
oral stat ute.' as amonded by an act
entitled "an act to amend sections
9231, 925 and 927 of the general stat.
utes of the State of South Carolina,
relating to apothecaries," approved
January 4th, 1894.
To miamnd sections 2547 of rovised
statutes and 323 of codo of civil pro.
cedure, 1893, relating to the taxation
To amend. section'32 of an act on
titled "an act to declare the school
law of the State," approved 9th of
Tho following bills woro with
To regulate mot ions for contihlu
an1CPS ink circuit court..
To amend Section 1300 of tho ro.
vised stlti4 1893 relting to inter
IN TIE 4ENATE.
The Sonate went through its cal.
eoidar today like a buizzsaw t,brough
Tfhe joint resolution to adjourn oni
F"ebruary 1 2 was passed over for the
Senator L~eosne introdluced ax bill
to make public advertising algain
payable by the inch, instead of by
the word, anmd forbidding use of
large type or leads in such advertise
Governor Ellerbo transmitted1 to
bo0th Houses the favorable repiort of
the spOciaLl coatmmission up jon Judge
Mackey's claim for $.2,500) for ser
vesisecurling palymnit for ceni
p)ationi of t he cit adol by Fedloral
T 1her was5 uo0 opplosition to Sona-.
tor' Norris' p)roposition to aimend thme
bill to authorize uniiversities and col
logos of t his State t o provide a course
of study and confer the degree of
licentiato of instruction, which shall
aut horizo thei r gradlutes to teach in
th freo public schools of thme State
withont examrination), so as to allow
tIht degroo to be .conferrod upon
women as well as metn.
The bill to elect mix trustees of
Clemson, three for t wo years andl
three forj 'our years, all succeeding
terms to be for four years, was
aimndedl so thiat t be Legislature will
elect si ttixtm i an Ihoy will dleterm'ino
by lot who shaxll have the long and1
who the short terms.
Wnlii Not Outgrow i.
"Ella, you have been playing all
the afternoon with these toysoldiers.
Thait's not a propor~ amusement for a
big girl like you,'" said her mothoe.
"lIbt, mamma, I am nIot playing
with tIhe soldiers; I picked out the
oficers and played with them."-Tit-.
Wtnt Is Being Done-Acts Proposed and
[Coluiubia Record, Jan 14.]
The session of the Senate this
morning was signalized by tho open
ing of the debate on Senator Rags
dale's joint resolutions to submit to
the people the questions of
amending the constitution so as to
provide that supreme court justicos
and circuit judges shal! be elected
by direct vote of the people, instoad
of by the legislature, as at present.
Senator Ragsdalt, the author of
the resolutions, opened the debate
in a carefully proposed speech,
which was at all times forceful and
occasionally even eloquent.
As he is a Conservative, the open
ing utterances of his speech were all
the more remarkablo.
He turned attention back to the
days of the Shell manifesto.
le pronounced it a most re
markablo document, which had in
augurated a great revolution in
South Carolina. Some of its state
monts may have been reckless and
too harsh, but its undying truths
were responsible for the strength it
attracted to the movement for which
it was the bugle call.
He picked out as its keynote the
declaration that South Carolina had
a republican form of government,
and demonstrated that it was at least
not without foundation. He referred
to the fact that up to 1735 the chief
executive of South Carolina was
elected by the legislature, and not
by the people, as one instance con
firmatory of the charge.
He condomned that conservatism
which opposes any and all changes,
holding that the things of the past
are ever best and should be clung
Some people hate a governmental
change of policy an venomously as.
anarchist does the flag of his coun
try. To spch it is usoless to speak,
for having ears, they bear not, and
eyes, they see not.
lie then addressed himself to a
close and careful presentation of the
reasons why he thought the change
he advocated was advisable and
should be made. He called atton
tion to the narrow majority by which
in the constitutional convention
the proposition to have judges
elected by the people was defoted
and expressed the opinion that a
vote of the people on this question
would make a different result.
The debate upon this important
measure is hikely to be lengthy and
Senator Moses introduced a con
current resolution for the appoint
ment of a committee of two Senators
and three Rtepresentives to consider
what attaches are needed to conduct
the business of the general assomn
b)ly and what is adequate compen
sation for their services.
Whatever changes may be recom
mended, if the report is adlopted1,
will not go into effect until next
A bill has been introduced in the
senate providling that the systomi of
county government shall be chianiged
so that instead of a supervisor and
board as at present, three county
commissioners, at a salary of $500
each, sh all manage the affairs of each
IN THEK HOUsE,.
Thn house worked so systemat
ically and rapidly to-day tl.at it ad
journed at noon), havirig by that
time considered all bills on the cal
endar the p)rinted cop)ies of wh ich
had b)een on the desks of the mem
bers twenty-four hours, as the rnle
An unfavorable roport was made
upon the b)ill to repeal the metro
politan poh1cc law, b)ut its considera
tion was deferred.
Mir. Gage's county government
bill was muade the special ordler for
Thursday, tho.20th inst.
Tho) bill p)roviding a graduated li
cense tax wvas killed with scarcely a
After am snappy debate, tihe senate
bill providing that township comn
missioners be elected was put to
slenp. 'The nrevailing idlen wva that