Newspaper Page Text
4 - -- ---* ~ J. v.z
eii'berrp eniW inib WEEK,.
"~TABLISIJED 1865. NEWBERRY, S. C,q TUJ(F SDAY, MAXICH 29, 189.TIEAWE,S0AYA
A Submarine Mine
Blew Up the Maine
80 1IPORT8 THE UNITED STATUS
NAVAL COURT OF INQUIRY.
The OtultIon Is Extrenely Oritica--War
Preparations on an Unprecedented Sualo
Are Bplng Hurried to Conpletion
Our Warsisip,s Ready for Any
ruergenoy-A Oerman Tor.
pedo Boat Purchased
On the Verge of
Washington, March 25.- The
Court of Inquiry appointed to inves
tigate the cause of the Maine disas
ter has reported that the loss of the
bAttle,AVip was due to an outside ex
The State Department, by direction
of the President, has cabled United
States Minister Woodford at Madrid
to notify the Spanish government of
The President and Cabinet ad
visers held two extended sessions to
day, one at 10:30 a. m. and another
at 3:80 p. in., at. which the report
was considered in detail. Members
of the Cabinet stated after the
meeting that the discussion was of a
grave character, and that never since
the wrecking of the Maine has t4e
situation seemed so critical.
The- Spanish government has
cabled officially to Washington that
the Spanish naval commission holds
the disaster to the Maine to be of in
The government of Spain, it can
be stated positively, is not disposed
to turn back the torpedo flotilla now
proceeding from the Canaries, and
would be disinclined to consider Na
suggestion from this government
tending to interfere with the disposi
tion by Spain of her naval forces.
War preparation on an unprece
dented scale is being hurried to com
pletion by the War and Navy De
partments, and the country practical
ly is on a wpr footing.
The foregoing gives the record of
one of the most eventful days the
national capitalhas seen sincetheo close
of th6 Civil War. It was a day of
profoundly important action of the
deepest anxiety, coupled with naval
and military activity, one step fol
lowing another in rapid succession.
Representative men of the adminis
tration, public men in all branches
of official and congressional life, no
less than the public in general, shared
in the tension to which the situation
has been wrought. There was no
effort among the highest offlcials,
nor indeed was it possible from what
was clearly apparent in the develop
moents of the day, to minimize the
REPORT OF MAINE COURT OF INQUIRY.
Viewed in detail, the findlings of
the Court of Inquiry was the most
vital featture. Commander Marix,
judge advocate of the Court of In
quiry, delivered the report t,o Secre
tary Long early this morning, and
shortly after it was carried to the
White house and placed in the hands
of the President. At 10:30 the cabi
net assembled, half an bour earlie.r
than usual, and bogan the considera
tion of the momentous document.
Even the rigid rules of secrecy which
prevailed of cabinet meetings were
made doubly strict in this case, and
no intimation of the result reached
by the Court were known until 2
o'clock, when an Associated Press
bulletin gave the information to the
country, as well as the eagerly wait.
ing officials throughout Washinigton.
These results, briefly stated, are that
the loss of the Maine was due to an
explosion from the outside, the court
being unable to fix the responsibility
for the explosion. The Court does
not express an opinion as to the
character of the explosive, but the
testimony goes to show that-it was a
p)owertIi) submarine mine, the exact
character of which is not determined
by the testimony, though the belief
was expressed that it was a floating
submarine mine. There wvore two
explosions, the court finds--the first
freom the outside, and that set off
one of the-smaller magazineP,
It was this result, expressed in do
tail And with the precision of a courit
deeply conscious of its responsibility,
together with the evidencen on which
it was based, that occupied the at.
tontion of the'cabinet throughout its
extended sessions of the morning
and afternoon. All other and lessor
subjects gavo way to this foromost
question. There was no chango in
the plan of making tho report public
and submitting it to Congress early
next week, accompanied by a brief
message from the President.
RUsHINO WAR PREPARATIONs.
While interest was thus controd at
the White Houso the Navy and War
Departments %oro hurrying forward
their work of preparat'o is. The ad
vance of the, Spanish flotilla con
tinued to receive the closest atten
tion of naval oficials, and while so
far as coudd be ascertained, no def
inito line of action was determined
upon, the need of intoreepting this
fleot, was urged by the highest naval
authorities. From the standpoint of
the Spanish governmc1t, this move
mont was not a menace, having
been decided upon many weeks ago.
On the contrary, the Spanish gov
ernment holds that tho extensive ar
manent of the Dry Tortugas is a
moro direct hostilo act against
Spain than any movement of the
flotilla. Instead of stopping the
flotilla, the prosent attitude of Spain
tends toward re'enforcing it with
other Spanish war vossels, not as a
menace, but, from what the Spanish
govoinment feel, is a requirement
called for by the existing condition
Hardly less suggestive than the
approach of the torpedo flotilla was
the information received today by
the highest military authorities that
the Spanish government had hurried
to completion extensive fortifications
on the island of Porto Rico, lying
jubt off Cuba, an'd the only Spanish
possession in this hemisphero other
than Cuba. Tho exact character of
those now defenees has boon made
known here, and they are being
given weight with the military au
thorities as showing the disposition
OUR FLERTS AND SQUADRONS.
The orders issued by the Navy Do
partment during the day covered
oveiy branch of naval arfinament. The
"flying squadron" was definitely es
tablishod, with Commodoro W. S.
Schley in command. He will hoist
his commodore's flag on the flagship
Brooklyn next Monday. The squad
ron is to consist of exactly live ships.
Those of the squadron will be the
crack armored cruiser Brooklyn, the
battleships Massachusetts and Texas
and the cruisers Columbia and Mini
neapolis. Other ships which are,
now or hereafter, at H-amp1tonl Roads
will not belong to the North Atlantic
station, under Capt ain Sampson. Tho
flying squadr-on is to be a small, comn
pact fleet of the best ships in the
navy, for quick service at any point
along the Atlantic.
At the same time, the North At
lantic station, under Captain Saimp
son, is to be further augmented. The
cruiser Cincinnati, wvhich left Port
Antonio three days ago under sealed
orders, is to report at Key WVest and
become a part of Captain Sampson'sa
fleet. Theogunboat Wilmington, also
en route fromt Port Antonio, wvil
likewise report to Captain Sampson01
at Key West, as wilt the gunboat
Viocsburg, now at Hampton Roads.
Late today the Navy Department
gave out the following list of vessels,
as showing the exact character of
"The followving vessels compose
the North Atlantic squadron: New
York, Iowa, Indiana, Mumtonomoh,
Fern, Puri tan, TJIerroi-, Mar-blehmoad,
Montgomery, Castine, Nashville, Hl
ena, Wilmington, Vesuvius; torpedo
boats Foote, Dupont, Ericsson, Cush
ing, Porter, Winslow; tugs Leyden
"The following vossels compose
the Flying Squadron:
"The Brooklyn, Massachusetts,
Texas, Minneapolis and Col umbi a."
OTHER IMPORFANT DEvEL.OPMEiNTS,
Some of the other important de
velopmnents of the day may be sum
marized as follows:
Requisitionsa were made on the
naval ordnance bureau for a large
number of quickir.m fr 'ponder
an six-pounder guns to be mounted
on the revenue cutters and the steam
yachts about to be purchased. Tho
bureau determined to use the quick
firo guns for these craft which had
been originally intended for the At
lautio liners St. Paul and St. Louis.
Captain Bradford, chief of naval
equipment, completed plans for so
curing a naval coaling station in
waters South of Cuba, and the papers
are now ready for final action. The
stntion will not be on Navassa Island,
as has boon suggested, but is likely
to be at ono of the several fine har
bors of Hayti or San Domingo, or
else on the Danish Island of St.
Thomam, which is opOn to purchase
from Denmark for a considerable
Late today the battleship Texas was
ordered from Hampton Roads to the
New York navy yard to ropair her
machinery for hoisting ammunition
Favorable answers were received
from the Now York naval militia of
their readiness on short notice to
supply officers mid men to man the
singlo-turret monitors now called
into so vice.
Orders were issued today to have
all the warships paintod black, a
color tLtt is better adapted to hos
tilities, because the vessels will not
afford as good a target.
A TORPEDO B3OAT PUROIIASED.
The navy dopartment was informod
by coblegramn from Lioutenout Col
well naval attache to the United
Statks embassy at London, that
agents of this government had pur
chased a "Schischau" torpedo boat
that had boen constructed for the
German government. The new ac
quisition is of the general type of
German torpedo boats and is ro.
garded as a valuable addition to our
navy. One feature regarding her
that affords special gratification to
the ofliciala of the navy department
is that she is now ready for son. It.
is expected that in a few days she
will leave for the United States.
She will. be able to make the journey
across the Atlantic without difficulty,
as she is a good sea-going vessel and
her coal capacity is ample for the
trip tothiscountry. Shuis28knot ves
sel, and about 150 feet long. While of
the same general typo as the Rodgers
and Foote, of the United States
navy department the precise dimon
sions of the now boat could not be
given. The price paid for her the
navy officials declined at this time to
state, but it was said to be very
WVork on the vessel has just been
completed, she never having been in
service. She is supposed to carry
threo toi-podo tubes and two small
calibr-e rapid-fire guns. Nine to
twelve men will be needed to man
FRIEE JiURIAI MAIILs
systemn t, be Tested iu On nigressmtan Stokes
[Special to The Register.]
WVashington, March 24.-Con
gressman Stokes has completed ar
rangements at the Postoflice Depart
ment for extension of rural free do
livery of mail in his district in South
Carohina. Natur-ally, he feels some
elation over this, as he wvas largely
instr-umental in procuring increased
facilities for the rural district when
the appropriation bill was pending
last week. Hlis argument on the bill
in general, and especially on the fr-ee
delivery then, was considered by his
fr-iends als strong and convincing.
CJongressmn Stokes' dlistrict is
p)erhapsH one of the happiest selec
tions for a test of the system.
Though it has about .180,000 popu)1
lation, it is almost wholly a r-ural
community, there being only threo
Presidential offices in its limits, and
they of the third class. It is none too
well supplied with ovemn the p)oor facil
ities afTordled by the four.chass p)ost
offices and star routes, there hi inig
only 188 p)ostoflices within its limits.
ilukien's Arnica, 5lv..
Tlhe b)est Salve tn the world for Cuts,
BruIses, Soreis, iTicers, S alt Rheum,il
F'ever Sores, Totter, Chaiipped iiatids,
ChilbIlis, Clorns, andi all Skhin ErupI
tions, and positIvely etires Ple or no
pay requIred. i t is guaraniteed to givye
perfect satisfactionu or money refundled.
Prc 5cents per box. F"or sale by
mohertson & 4lutor.
BRIEF AND FORMAL
THIC lICtIOUT OF T11i MAINgC (CtT
A Con,p!ete Abstract-The flattleship Wav
Wrciked h,y t ho IpIonion of a Stab.
Ity Not Fixed.
Washington, March 27.-The As
sociated Press presents herowith a
complete abstract of the report of
the Court of Inquiry which investi.
gated the wrecking of the battleship
Maino. This abstract is made from
the report itself, accoss to which was
obtained today, despite oflicial so
crecy unparalleled in the handling
of official papers. The report is
made up of eight parts, as follows:
1. The Court finds that at the
time of the explosion the battleship
Maine, was lying in five and one-half
to six fathoms of water.
2. The discipline aboard the ship
was excollett; everything stowed ac.
cording to ordors-amtunition, guns,
Tho temperaturo of the magazines
at 8 p. i. was normal, except in the
after ton-inch magazine, and that
did not explodo.
3. The explosion occurrod at 9:40
o'clock on the evening of February
15. Tore wore two explosions, with
a very short interval between them.
The ship lifted on the first explo
4. The court can form no definite
opinion of the condition of the wreck
from the divers' ovidenco.
A MINE 'WAS EXPLODED.
5. Techmeal dotails of wreckage
from which Court (ledices t)at a
mine was exploded under the ship
on the port sido.
(3. The explosion was duo to no
fault of those on board.
7. Opinion of the Court stating
that the explosion of the mine caused
the explosion of the two magazines.
8. The Court declares that it can
not find evidence to fix responsibili
The report is unanimous and is
signed by all the members of the
Court. It does not refor to tie ox
istence or non. existonce of mir os in
the harbor of Havana, except in the
finding that a mine was exploded
under the ship and the opinion that
the explosion of the two magazines
was caused by the explosion of a
FORMAL AND DIUPASSIONATE.
The report, as a whole, ig a formal
dispassionate recital of facts, and
bears the stamp of that strict offi
cialism wvhichu marks naval procedulre.
It is briof, not exceeding 1,800 words,
and among the eight parts goes to
the greatest length under the second
heading, which deals with the discip
line and ordler of the shi p. The nor
mal temperature of the large forward
magazines at 8 o'clock, only an hour
and forty minutes before the explo
sions, disposes of the qJuestion of
accidental combustion within the
magazines. WVhilo the Court holds
t hat these magazines did not explode
from internal causes, they neverthe
less of the opinioti that the explosion
of the mine under the port of the
ship caused the exp)losion of thme two
magazinies. This will explain t he re
markable dlestruction wrought, the
explosion thus being shown to have
combined the force of a mine with
out and two magazines within.
T1he explosions which the Court
finds t.o have occurred, with a very
short, interval betweed t hem, in an
additional detail showing that two
forccs operated in causing thme do
struction. Thme finding that. theoship
lifted on the first explosioni indicates
an external source anid one .of t ro
monQidots power to ho able to lift a
battleship of thmousanuds of tonas.
Th~ie chanracter- of t he wvreckaige,
technically described ina the Iiifth
part of thme report, from whlich the
Court (deduces that a mine was ox
p)lodod unider t.hi ship )Onl thme port
side, suMt.ains thme vi"a t aken by comoc
ex pertk shortly after the dlibast or,
that the force of the explosion was
exerted from p)ort to starboard.
Tbe feature of the repom t of doep
est interest to the navy is the com
pnteon oma ion of apai:n Sig-b
au( all on board, contained in tho
sOC >nd finding, setting forth the pe --
fee order and discil lino prevailir g
on ho ship, and that directly stat, I
in ho sixth finding, which declar s
the disaster to be duo to no fault t f
tho e un board.
1 he inability of the Court to liti
ovi.onco to fix responsibility, i s
state',d in the eighth part, makes the
rop .rt so guarded in expression of
blame that. neither Spain nor the
Spanish are mentionod throughout.
Announcement Fron the Premident cf
Clemson Collogo, S. C., March
26.--Farners' institutt a will be hold
in is many counties as practicable
froi1 the present timo until noxt Sop
tomejor. Last year institutes wer(
hel in South Carolina. As a rulh
tho meetings woro largely attendo(
and thoroughly appreciated. Th(
obj At of the farmers' institutes is t(
diffi so knowledge of tho most scion
title and practicable methods of ag
ricu turo. The course of instructiot
shal be so arranged as to prosent to
thoL in attondanco the results of the
mos recent investigations in thoorot
ical aind practical agriculture, and as
far is possible to mako the subjects
disc-iissed at each instituto moot the
spec al needs of the locality whero it
is h Id.
It other States where institutes
hav( been hold regularly for m,ny
year . the most gratifying results are
ovid nt. They have fostered friend
ly r( ations among the planters them
solv< i; thoy havo aroused desiro fo.
a m, re liberal education of the boy
and girls as a means to higher sue
cons and happines on the farm:
they havo nwakoned a profaisiona'
prid in the scienco of farming; the3
havc oponed tip now avenues of op
port nity; they have given the far
mer a clearer recognition of his
duti< s and priviloges. South Caro
lina :an not afford to noglect her in
stitu es. Tho scopo and character of
the vork should be broadened year
It- order to work towards this do
desij ible end the professors of Clem
son -ollego have prepared an at
tract ve programme of lectures fo!
this year's work. If an institute it
destiod in any community those in
tores -zid are requested to writo for
full :nforination and particulars. As
it is to our mutual interest to have
dates arranged as early as practica
ble we suggest thtat ap)plications be
sent in at once.
IIIY S. IIAR'T.o(.
In One Day.
V'ANTED. TO 111OW UWill' VtCOK
Spaian iie fused t ho Rieist anda she tias
MIoney for War.
M11 d1rid, March 24.-A semli.ofli.
cial .ote just issued says:
"A t the cabinet meeting yesterday
Sene Sagast a (t he prom icr) roadi a
tlilt-a fromt Caiptanin Gilenra
BIai :o saying that the captain of
the faiino reqinested permission to
blow uip wreck with dyniamito, and
that >ormiissiont to d1o 8o had1 beeni
refu d( htir.
' he cabinet e()Ooered the imin
inter af foreign affairs (Sonoer Gul ion,
to wv tch the situat ion with the view
of se aimg justice (1ono( anda defendiing
the i ghts of Spain.
"'1 he( miister of inaneo (Signet
Puip serveor) declared the resource,
were suifiicienut for war exp IOnsos3unti
the I (ow chamblhers mieet.''
Ti o note is absolutely reserved i:
roga d to the Spanish commission'
report ou the loss or the Manie
MR. Ji tMES NORTON TALKS
HE UIVI OUT AN INTERtVIRW TO
PIOVI THAT lIN A NIP TiC UOV.
No March -'onveition This Yvar-The 3Ury
Ru ppec Ah was Not Intendr as the
Opo !(Ig of tie 3rate 431mpIg a.
Washiigton, Mlarch 23.-Con.
grossman Norton, who was one of
party visiting Duo Woit on Bryan
day, was asked if it wits understood
that the Bryan demonstration was
the opening of State campaign in
"No, I think not," was his reply.
"Vo have about quit opening cam.
paigns in March down there. Too
few of them1 hav been successful
since the irst one. March is a revo
lutionary month and we are not ox
pooting a ny revolution just now.
Only two )f the six candidatos al
ready ann>unced were at Duo West.
While the political situation in the
State was not unconsidered, no big
campaign launching was or was
"The po litical situation down thoro
seems to I o gotting pretty compli
cated. B it with Governor Ellorbo,
of Marion Col. It. B. Watson, of Sa.
luda; Col. George Tillnan, of Edge..
field; Stat i Senator Archor of Spart
anburg, ni f ex-Solicitor Schumport
of Nowbot -y, in the race, there is lit
tio danger of the people making a
serious m itnkm. All of theso are
good mon any one of thoi could be
expected I ) servo the Stato credit
"(0overi km Ellerbe, who is stand
ing for ro. iloction, bus, of courso, the
vantage g -ound. It has becomo a
precedent. if not a custom, to give a
somOid tor a to otir governors and
this fiwt v 11 boar strongly in 0ov.
Ellorbo's favor. Opposed to him
are somo ( xcollont men, too-mon of
high char tctor and broad intelli
genco. ( ul. WVatsou aid Senator
Archer sta id liiglt in the councils of
their resp etive churchos and are by
no means vithout oxperience in pub
lie affaire (Jol. Georgo Tillnan,
well know i from his long service in
Congress, H a strong 1111111 with the
courage of his coniviction, of ripo
ago and much experience. Mr.
Schumper is a man of lino abilities
who served his circuit for a long
time as solicitor. O." those only
Governor Ellerbo and Col. Tillman
vore at Dto West. Both were re
ceived with bearty appllause by
frionds in the large gathering.
'The comnplimiotary introduction
b)y Dir. Grior, president of Erskinoe
college and the flattering reception
by the audience of Governor Ellerbe
showed that he is held in high re
gardl in that community. Tis as
wvell as im,'ressions gathlered in oth
or parts of the Stato seeom to warratt
lhe opinion of his friends that there
hats booni (quto a reaction of senti
mont in fai ior of the Governor since
the adjour. mnut of thle General As.
Thore hia hebon a report. General,
of some p irsonal and political Cs.
trangemoni, between youirsel f and
Governor . Cller bo.
"I uam gtad you mention that ro
por-t. I may1) say it is (du1 to a mis
applrehonsi>ni of the facts anid, I
think, star ed from some1 comp)licaI
tions grownag out of the appointment
uand electic .' of myi) snecessor. But
ma mutt. ra as8 this adjust them
selves. I <now1 (of no reaison for any
friction oi ill1 feeling between the
governor n 1(1 myself. Neither of us,
of con rHe, aul be expect ed to be0 a
partisan o. the other. Our 1)o1iticail
pat hs (10 i >t touch or cross. Het de
sires re- eb etion as governor of I he
Stato and (1( re-elect ion to Con
An amb) tious young mar. w rote to
an author for advice. "'I a-n only
mnakin g $ I ) a month at my businters,"'
he wrote, "and I think I could mauko
a success i I lite'ratulro."'
'VThut ior rep)lied:
"'I amn o ily averaging $U) a mothl
at miy bus1 ness8. To'll mro what yotuis
is, and-if on are anixiouis to jump
nito litera tnre, Ill sapa with you"
The Reply Of Spain
TO A ICVNT NoTrw 4) TilE UNI ID
PropoalS lIteJeCted-n UAICUlake Exto uIse
I.11n1t of conce%otimn Compatibe Wl 1
the Itor aid Dilgilty of the Ntlovi.
London, March 28.-On Friday,
Bays the Madrid correspondent of the
Standard, Uen. Woodford had an
official interviow with Sonor Oullon,
the mmistor of for, iga affairs, in
which ho received the oiflicial reply
of the Spaniah government to the
American momoranduim of March 3.
The Spanish reply, couched in firm
language, (iys that the Spani"h
govbriment cannot agroo with the
conclusi( n the Amu,ri( a 1 govrnm i-n
has drawn from inanourato inforn a
tion, that does not tally with tho ro
cent activity and progress of the
military operations in Cuba and tho
visiblo popularity and progress of
the now colonial i ist itut ions, wh cl
have beenl loyally acceptel and 1r0
suppoited by oven the old advr
sarios of home rulo in the colo y.
"Spain," tim reply continmos, "cmn
not naturally admit the intorform co
which is for-iadowiig in tk- Am( ri
canl voto and deprecatos the slendiig
of official roliof and war vessels to
Cuba as being the very olomont that
h1as rotarded thie paciicatiin of t li
colony. Spain reminds the Amt ri
can govornmlent of all the colic3s
moi she his made to preservo
peacofil rolations and to concili to
the Unlited States, the last boing bor
willingness to slbilit the conflicti oig
commii1ission reportk as to tho Ma no
In conclusion, the Spanish rc..ly
shows that the goveirmient bolo es
it 1111 reacleed tho extromo limit of
conces0sioiis complitiblo with tho lion.
or and dignity of Spain, mid will tot
admit. oiormichmentsi on her rig its
of sovereignty in the west.
The matter now rests with the
Prosident, anlid both govornimeoi s
ovidontly considor the MAitino affti a
more incident in the more importi nt
issuos nbout to be riiisvd by tho ccn
duct of the Ullit-md St at'Is.
CHILL & FEVE1R
TON INII, I
W HIcl 15 w ilIICH.
Effectvely De,.mamnstrateud by 1'at.
[Newv York Advort iser.]
"'Vot you do v id demi glaisses ?"'
asked the bartomb-r of a half tiplsy
bult w(ll dre'ssed Span11iard.
''If I blreak I pay you, signor,"'
roplied the Spaniard, re4sumi1nig opo0
rations un01 the two wine glass( i.
He gently struck one( aigainst theo
other, anid othetr customiors andt the
b)artond(or gazing lit the plroceedini .s
TheI( twvo glasses retmaiined unin
juredl, and1( tho Spanliard, munrmnurinig
something in his naltive tongue, i o
pleated to plerformnrce, t his tii 'o
briniginig the glasses together with a
more energetic miovemenOIt. As are
suIt one glass was smatsheod, while
the other remnainoed intact. A lok
of triumpjh camoIl into the Spaniard's
"Tis is the Unlitedl States,"' lie
said, pointing to Ithe fragments of
te brokoni glats, "andit thmis,'' lie ad 1
od1, as lie struck a meilod ramtIipt il s -
tuire an .1 p)laced1 his finiger' ontt te iin
harmed glass, "and1( t his is Spain.''
Thero was a1 palu8o. For 80ono1
secondts te bystandt(ers dlid not sel mt
to kniow wheother to1 hmiigh or to g e
anigry. Themn a heurley I rish-.Ame ri -
cani who hadh ho(nI stanidinig with a
half dlrained'( schooner ini his 111.dt,
glainig at th lis cene, qutiiet.ly swaille wv.
((d the remlainling beer in h' s ghl as
and, stoppjinig nup to the Spaniard im
a miatter of. fact, way, knioci ed h.mi
"Th'liis ini511 Spa," h1e said, poin ti ig
to the poor follow on1 thie Iloor', "a1 id
this,'' pointing hiis i niger to hiis o vn
breast with an imitation of the d -a-*
mnatic flonrish of te Spaniard, "is
thle Unit.ed Stat.es, seo?"