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BEES AND FRUIT.
The following is an extract from ia
paper read before the Arkansas Horti
lBefore condemning t le bees let us
briefly examine the evidence upon which
rests this denunciation, and see whether
it is just. T1hose who denounce them
are free to admit that it is at particular
times only that the fruit is injured by
them-times when there is a great scar
city of bee forage; when the flowers
have ceased to yield honey, at the close
of a hot, dry summer. It is found that
they will then sometimes cluster upon
and attack grapes or other fruit that has
been damaged by birds or from other
causes. It is said that, with their
strong mandibles, the bees may tear
open substances much stronger than the
skin of a grape. lBut it has been shown
by observation that, to get through, the
skin has to be cut, not broken, by the
bees ; and t hat is impossible, more imnpos
sible, indeed,. for bees to bite a grape
than for a person to bite, with his
teeth, a large watermelon as long as it
is whole. The bees wvill only remair.
on such bunches of fruit as have been,
by some chance, ruptured. Select a
choice bunch of fully ripe grapes, open
a hive of bees and lay the bunch onl the
frames over the cluster of bees, then re
plaice the cover. They will at once pro
ceed to closely examine it, though there
are no cracked or injured berries on the
bunch. Wait 24 hours an1d again Openl
the hive, wlen the grapes will be found
pe'rfect. Now scratch or puncture some
of the berries aind replace them in the
hive over the bees. ''hey will iminedi
ately commillenice sucking the jtice froml
those which have been punctured, the
perfect berries remtiing nt ouched.
After thts leaving sound bunches of
grapes for three days they will still be
tound as perfect as ever.
Aa in, perfect bunches of grapes
have been dipped in honey (and placed
in the hive or on the alighting hoard.
The bees innmediately gather up the
honey, and they will polish the grapes
until they look like black beads. ''hough
the grapes nay lay there tv.o weeks or
more and unt it they have become shriv
elled up, the skill will never be broken
by the bees.
If another bulnch, having about imi
he grapes scratcled openl, be placed be
side this one, tlie injured grapes will
50011 le devoured, except the skin and
see(ds, while those not scratched will not
be punctured by the bees.
Sonic have objected that probably the
bees of selected colonies had not vet
learned to cut the skin of the grape. To
dlisp)ose ofl t hiis objectionr, other bunches
were selected that were most damaged
and('mo1(st covered wvith bees. All the
dtamiagedl grapes were carefully cut
away atnd thle b)ees allowedl to return to
lhe bunIIchles. Six hours later thle gra pes
wee f ounud initact , not a bee hayv ig
b)eeni ablle to cut t hem . "'le next <day
all the (damailged gra pes were removed
fromi othter bumnchles, and thle remii ing
p)erfect gripe p)~junictured withI a jpin.
At eveninrg thle putnctunredl grapes hiad a
simalt depression at the place of punc
ture, this dlepress'ioni being caused b)y thle
.bees wvho had suceked thiroughi thle pin
hole all thle juice they wvere ablhe to
reach. tBut the pin hole hadt niot ben
enihirged,. thuns shiowing not only that
lhe bees are u niable to p)unctutre a sound(
grape, but that t hey are unable to en
ha rge holes altready made. Thiese and1(
oither experimtient s hiave beeni repeated,
arid have been carefully p)erformied b)y
experienced fruit growers ; ando thle
bu1nchies wvere select ed f rom thle ripjest ini
That bees are unable to injure sound(
fruit, has been thloroughily ascertai nedl
by a committee for that purpose, ap
poinited by the Society of 1IIorticultutre
andl Grape Cultutre (of Ilordeauix, France,
anid thle Society of llee Cultutre of 1La
G iroinde. Nearly all the members of thle
last namiiedl society aren Owniers oif thle
vinieyardls and arttie iamong thle produicers
of' thle famnouis w ine ot Bor(ldaux, andl
were interestedl in thle results of the ini
vestiRgat ion. lIn t heir experimenits sweet
cherries, pimiis, a pples, a pricots, nears
and grapes wvere successively plhacedl ini
sidle several hivyes of bees and rema~ined
there safely. Yet , ini France gra pes
have very thin skins, t hinni,er than those
oIf the gritpes of this count ry.
It is at fatct well kniowvn amoiig fruit
growers thaiit somie variet ies of grapes
are liaulite to burisit whlen there is it spell
of wvet wvettier a botit thle t imen t hey arne
ri pening. StichI is thle case withI thle
Conicords. The D)ebiwamtres very of'teni
tiurst , biecautse thle tbunichles are so coin
pact that they have niot room to grow;
and1( they aren ailso so verny sweet thait the
birds arie iiore destrtuctivye to t hem. One
gratpe gtowter reporteod thle loss5 of neartily
his ent ire crop (if Coiicords oni geccounit
of t wo or thlree days of rain before t hey
wvere nuite ripe enomgh for wine. The
sane report says : "We have twelve
acres in grapes and about 120 stands of
bees, blacks and hybrids, and we do not
think we have ever had a grape punc
tured by bees."
A report from Thaddeus Smith, of
Pelee Island, Ontario, some years ago,
says: "aving been a grape-grower
and a bee-keeper for twenty years, and
now having charge of thirty-three acres
of grapes .and keeping from twenty-five
to forty hives of bees, it is quite natural
that I should take an interest in this dis
cission--' I)o bees eat Grapes?'
"My father planted one of the first
vineyards in Kentucky, and he was also
quite a bee man for those times. Vhen
our first crop of grapes was ripe, I well
remember his coming to me, when I was
but a boy, and saying that we would
have to give up our hees, as they were
destroying the grapes. But being re
luctantt to part with them, Ie decided
not to brimstone t hem without investi
gating the inaatter ; and this investiga
tion led to the conclusion that the bees
fed only upon the grapes that had been
punctured ; and he discovered that a
small bird was doing the mischief. Our
bees and grapes were both saved."
The report fu: t her says (hat one of
his neighbors was troubled by having
his early grapes-e.pecially the IIhart
fords and the Delawares--punctured
and that they had not left him a perfect
bunch of Ilartfords. By careful watch
iag he discovered tihe depredators to be
the beautiful Baltimore Orioles, which
were passing over in large flocks. In a
day or two he killed forty or fifty of
thei, and saved tie remainder of his
Another fruit-grower, who had sixty
acres in fruit, reported that his apiaiy
was in his vinevard ; and Ilat he had
for years made careful examinat ion ; and
that he had never known sound fruit to
be attacked by bees. And still another
says : "I' y my own experiments I am
forced to the conclusion that, instead of
(lie honey bee dest roying the Fruit , she
only gathers 1he juices of those pune
Further reports of t his character might
be cited, but the foregoing are decieed
sullicient and I will not wrtry your pa
tience with them.
It is universally admitted, I believe,
by comup!tent observers, that bees are
never injturious to any plant while gatlh
ering honey or pollen from the flowers.
On the other hand, it is fully proven
that, by aiding in fertil i.ation and cross
fertilization, they are of great benefit to
plants. They are ail)mng nat tie's great
hybridizers--.iding inl tle fertilization
of flowers and rendering fertile many
barren ones. Nearly all orchiihtceous
plants absolutely requir the visits of
bees or insects to remove the pollen
masses. The great nat ion of Russia,
findinlg they could get more clover seed
with the fertilizing of the blossoms by
bees, imported bumble-bees to fertiiize
Itf the whole genus of' bees biecamte ex
tinct , 0or very rare, thle heart's ease and
lhe redl clover wou)tld become rar'e or'
wvould dlisapplear. I low is t hat ? lle
cause biees pr'~iomte thle growth oi(f those
flowers, amid they are alm1iost indisp~ensa
ble to (lhe fert ilizat ion of' the heart's
eaise. hi a word, no( beres, 1no seed ; no
seedl, no increase oh' flowers. Th'le mlore
v'isit s fromi tIhe bees, thle mior'e seed fromt
(lhe flowers. Twventy hleads of' unmpro
(eeted D)utchi clover yiel(dd 2,900 seeds;
(lie same nutm ber' protect ed froim thle
bees p)rodutced niot oneC seed. Oneii hun
dired hieads of unpirot ected c lover yielded
27,000 seeds ; while (lie same numbn er
p)rotected f'rom (lie bees v ielded not a
Bees, thlen , mnust be conisidlered (lie
friend(s niot only3 of' thie f'ruit-gro)wer,
but of thle florist, thle seedsani and thle
agricuIt urist., as wvel I ; atid t here should
be no anitagoniism of' ir.t erest bet ween thle
be e-keeper' an th(I(le frutit -gr'owera.
When a party of
rniddle aged( wonit
en get togethei 4
themne of conversa.
iceal atiiueints. It__
would be better if
these disenssionis of the aihnenits peculiar
to wotnen took plaIce twenity yearsii eatllier
iu life. If a little of thie plocdery of uto'd.
ern society were banished, so that younig
woiuneii talke d th ese suibj ects over' tnolg
thenmselves, there would he less sufferinsg
atonig womnen in muiddle life.
Good health is the best endo(wlinenit that
a lhntanl beinig casii hlave. Good genieral
health anion,g wontett is largely depenadet
,nptoit goo<, local health in a wvonaaunly way.
'Iliroughi Ignorance and( nieglect it has b e
coie such att oid inarv', co Itilntoni - lalce
tliig for wonietn tol suffer fro,n weatkiiess
and disease of the delicate and i iupjortatit
femninte orgattisiii, t-hat nsiany womnen h:ave
coniie to look 111pott these trioubles as-an
unavoidable inheritatnce. Tlhmis is a tuis.
take. .All troubles of this Itatuire liuay be
cured i the privacy of the hinite, withutt
tindergoinig the obnoxlious " exalnittions"
amnd "'local tieattniet '" itisisted uploni by
the average phlysician. D)r. P'ierce's Fa
vorite Prescenption gives health, e'lastic
stre.ngth, antd vit ality' to the sentsitive organta
concern,ed. It al lays in flainttittio, heals *a
ti1eeration and free's frotn painl. It tonest
the nerves and builds tip the nerve centters.
It muakes a wont healthy and stronig, antd
thus prelAlreR her for br:ahv w ifehonod,
capable tuotherhiood and a safe transition
at the chainge of life.
"I wan:t to testify to the great becnefit derived
fromn iiting D)r. Pieres Fnavorite Pres"ription,"'
writes Mrs. It. Mason, of siwt:keruvi. wVvo
utitg co., N'. Y. "I coninienice'd using It abol,nt
three nmonths b)efore confiineanen,t. wVith, lny
fornie, conifaniniient I suffered greatilv. while th ,
oeii niIiarnt,Ively, easv. ,owthig to the use1
Exhaustion of Soils.
The effect of continuous cultivation is
noticeable upon many of our soils where
some special crop h is been grown for a
series of years without intermission. In
parts of the Ohio Valley soils that twen
ty years ago produced amazing crops of
corn without any fertilizing have deteri
orated to such an extent that a fair crop
cannot be grown very well. Sumne
droughts injure these inferior crops much
more than the luxurient growths on bet
ter soil. The same is true in' the North
west, where wheat has been raised con
tinuously fol .any years. 'T'his exhaus
tion of the soil has induced some farm
ers to claim that it is impossible to raise
either wheat or corn in these regions as
cheaply as a few years ago, and that
farmers cannot make a living wvith ihese
grains at present prices.
Years ago Eastern farmers, or at least
sone of them, learied the lesson of ex
haustion of soil through continuous cul
tivatiotn, and adaptation to the change
has Ieen slow but sure. Today we find
Eastern farms that have been in clt iv -
tion three Iimes as long as some of these
Western farms yielding better crops
than those in the Ohio Valley or in the
Nortliwest. A recent examnination1 of
the soils of these old farms and the comi
paratively new Western soil showed
that the former were richer in plant food
and humus. A chemical anatlysis showed
that potash, nitrogen and lime were
more abundant in the well cultivated
Eastern soils than In the corn or wheat
lands of1 tle West.
This mav seem surprising t.. miany
Western farmers who have looked upon
their soils as the richest in tlie world,
Capable of yielding large crops wvit hoult
fertilizing or very much cult ivat ion.
Iutt lte fact in miamv cases is overlooiked
that soils in the \West are rapidly dete
riorating tirough ihe continuous cult iva
tion of single crops, while in the lEast a
systematic rotat i.1n of crops is not only
retaining the fertility of' the soil, but
actually adding to it. This, of course,
does not apply to all farmls, but to tile
majority of the best cultivated ones.
Long ago Eastern farmers discovered
that it 5was4 ncccss:ary to adopt rotation
of crops or abandon their farms alto
gether. They took the only vise course,
and their farins are paying investments
even in these hard times.
About a year ago the Minnesota Sta
tion miia de a series of chemical analvses
of I -o d!fferent soib, in the \Wcst to de
ternine.the effect of coatinuouis cultiva
tion. The top soil and subsoil were
used in this test. 'he result of the cx
periments showed that after eight to
twelvye yearis of coti inuouis cutlti1vat ion
thle niit rogen in thle soil was red<hiced
f'rom oiie-thbird to onie-hialf aid thle
potash and phlosphiates almnost ais imuchI.
Th'le original supply of humusu ws" re
(laced f'romi 30 to 9> per cenlt. , in thle
samiie t iime. If' lie process contiiued thle
soils would be brought to t lie p)oint
where they (could niot lie cult ivaated
priofit ably. It was hurthleirmiore shown
that the exhiau st ed soi ls suffered great ly
f'romi droughits, wh'lile the land irich ini
humuas andi( nitro(gein stoodl the diry
wecathber v'ery sat isfaactoriiily.
Th'lis pro~ce'ss, hiowvera, is just rec
v'ersedl wher'e a rotaitiOn of cropis, ini
which grass and1( clover' figure promi ineat -
ly, is practIiced. Inistecad oIf (leteriiomit
iing, t he soils graduIallyI gaini iin Iihiess,
so t hat in t ime the commiier'cialf fert ilizers
are' neededl hut v'ery little. Th'le true
su1ppfly of' fei't ilit y comies fromi thle gr'ass
and v'eget able material suppl)1ied by good
cult i vat ion and1( thriioughi thle al pplicat ion
of' bara il 1rd muantiurie. If' larmercis would1(
aill reailize t his, thle fertilizer qulestilon of
lie futur ie would1( be readi ly solved by
many whlo today~ predict diire dlisaaster's
to f'ariniig, whleni thle cost of f'ert ilIizinag
lie soil will eat up aill the fproits.
'[here is -mio spehl condit ion of' aaffai rs to
comeC, if' tri'ie rot at ion of cr'ols is pra':c
ticed-Prof R. I'. Maisoin in Amiericani
T[hose who ai'e so f'or'tuniate ats to hiav e
suiflicienit seedl peais shaould( plamt e'very
aicre' frioii whlieb smialI graini has beeni
removed in t his renovat ig crop. If'
tlhe faamd is i'eason b Iy f'erit ilec so~~ w broad
eiast at thle r'a te of' one baishl lper1 aicre.
half11 fee t a parit , eighit to teni peas to thle
hill ev'ery two f'eet.
Th'le f'ol lowing is aan ecoommical wvay
of phianitinig them. Mharuk off thle rows
w~ith Iaa biulbtonigue, followedl by a large
shmovel1. Droi'p lie pleas in thlis f'urriow
and covecr withI two f'urows of' a good
ane- horuse turni'i plow withI .thle bara side
nex t t o thle,.peas. EICnough earith wi~~ill Ibe
thlrown uipoi thle pe'a seed to ensure ger'
niniat ion, wh'lile thle plow slice wilf be
br'own into the midles, Coveiing the
rassi5 bet ween the rows. Af'ter thle
aeu are hai'ge eiioaigh to ble p)lowed, one
hlovel f'urrow~ will br'eak thle middles.
lhe plow~ sl ices t hirowni ovei' the saurfIace
re veiit it friom i bcom)iin g har id anmd at
be saime time kills any' graiss which is
*roin~ig in thle stubble.
In the Flower Yard.--Keep the sur
face stirred between the plants. Use
the garden rake after each rain or wa
tering, and no other cultiyation will be
Cut back the bedding plants, such as
Salvia, Coli ns, Argeratin, etc., to ill
duce at dense, stocky growt b. Clip the
flowers from the rose bushes as soon as
they are full blown, to prevent the ex
hatusting process of seed-making.
In the (arden-.Continiue to plant
Corn, beans and tomatoes for succession.
Plantit a few squashes and eucumbers, se
lecting coipar-'itively lmoist locations, if
available. Sow collard seed cither in
beds or permanent rows where the early
crop of peas gre'w. sow rttalbaga tur
nips upon lhoroughly u1)llveri.ed soil.
For the ipper half of the cotton belt
Sow cabbage seed to secure plants for
the fall crop. The beds im,ay be pro..
tect :d by a covering of old sacks until
the seed germinate, when the sacks
should he lift.d and stretched over the
beds three feet I'ron the ground. After
(lie plants are well established, the pro
teclion nay be entirely removed.
Thin the 1)eachts to protect the trees
11o1 breaking ault to inlcrease tle size
and quality of t hose leFt. I )est roy fallen
fruit to prevent tlie propa gataion of dce
Cout inute to spray the --lple and pear
trees and the grape vines with i,rdealx
Tie up the new caines and pinch back
those hearing Fruit to within t wo joints
of the last btnchI. Remove inferior
canes even if they have small bunches
l'rolong the grape season by bagging
the best bneblies u11pon sone vines. The
Ives is e"spccially henefited by bag
'l'lie I)clawatre usually cither rots or
makes raisins in the bags ; Linlley,
lhart ford, Bhlack la gle, Niagara and
some others are proteeted Iy 1ie ags
and nuch) ilnprovedc thereby.
iee p tie sqitashes an1d ec ctumbcrs
closely gal hered to p'olong t heir bearing
Destroy the old strawvber-v beds
whicb ha Ve borie th1ree full Cro)5, utnless
it is desired to keep them longer to grow
After the mneloni vines grow Loe long
to be 1)lowed, keep dowi the grass with
hoes, bit do not move the vines.
"Pullets excel for eggs, hens for any
thing else,'' says a writer f1:r l'rn
I'ouiltrty, we~h'o explains as folhc ws :Start
inig out in thei. spi ng of' thle ye ar, puillets
ill thle avceraige case lay many nmore eggs
hana hiens and1( are nt seo persistenmt ill
*;et t ig. l I i sumer i thle b :a mee is ia bout
even, and ini the Fall thle lien asa rule,
vas thle fi rst part before she moclt s, it
usiually being the case that the pullet is
ihe first ni.olter. Tlhiis leavyes t lie chan tces
in the favor of the' pullet as a winter
layer. WithI thle sp)ring hiatchle I -ilet
a1 great dleal lie's ini thle indtividui.al, for'
sonie ar~e niaturally more enterpiing
han others, and takeni mIiscelbmileouIsly
they would not do a bit better duitntig
the wviinter t h:an anm equal nuimbeler ol ear'
lv miolters at anyv age. I lens growv
st ronger an mr, n~re v igoroeuts chiic k ens
han puillets, are mor Ie e xpceiced anmd
less foolishi. Illence a greater per cent.
of their eggs will be fert ile. Thecy are
bet ter miot hers an usu ~ lIally bet ter setiter.
lIn a word, puillets for layers, ol Fowvls
Those who have Rhueumatismn find
themsiuelves growin s~ tead1i ly worse al11
the while. Ono( r'eaoni oft this is thiat
the remiedies pruescri bed by t he d ctor's
conitami mercury and1( potashi, which ull
t.imtely intensify the dliseaise bcy c.aus
ing theo joits to swvell and1( stiffen,
producinig a severe ach ing of' the bonies.
8. S. S. has bieen curing Rhleumiiat.ismn
for,twenty yemars--eveni the wori1st casesC
wvhich secmied almost inleurable.
C~apt. 0. E'. ITughes, thce p o p uc l a r ncrnoa
onduii(cr, of Goicclum ila, S. (2, h-:l ane m
thi a I Ihorc' h' l 0:.lv .ca
(lce ier thatd pciai ils
case. iIe sacys: "I wac a
gaiIt sufflereer fromc mta:s
cailar R(heumicatism1c focr
twoc yearso. 1 (could get ~ ~
110 pe'rmanenlOd 1. relef '/~)' i4
from an iy mcedilelie pri
*aer heed by3 my)i hysltttan.
Itooek abouti a doze bioite. -.
11iescof youric 8. S. .5., andci
ncow In am as w1ell as t iC.IsNl4,,~
suare that4 your mcedliccno
Crcm d i t to any1( 1 n W eIl11. 'iro\' e o .4
sadiseacsedl stat(e of' t he blood , and1(
onyablood re'medy isa the onily properia'
beig Purely Vegetab)le, goes direct to
the very ciause oif 1he( discease andie a per-.
manien t cure aalwcays resul ts. IR is thlo
onily blood( r'emed'ay gulcaanteed to on
tain 1n0 potaish, maercuray 0or other dani
Blooks mailed( free by Sw;~ift SpecifIc
Comnany. A .Innti, _ Gerrin
CORN CULTURE AGAIN.
As a rule, corn is, not laid by carly'
enough. The yield of corn in the Cot
ton States is reduced at least ten per
cent(. by improper cultivation and proba
bly tell per cent. imure by defective prep
aration of the lanu.
We have written so often pointing
out the folly of deep cultivation of corn,
that we approach tile subject with ai
feeling of reluctance. We would not
write on the subject at-this time but for
the suggestion of the necessity for it in
an editorial in a recent issue of the
Southern Cultivator, the distinguished
editor of which rarely teaches error.
Ile writes: "\lilst a deep working of
Corn1 in its earliest starge is advisahlc to
encouitage deep-rooting, this is not ad
visable at its second working."
In our opinion, based upon results of
our own carefully conducted cxperimeris
and those of experiment stations in i
itttnl)er of other States, "deep working''
of corn is not only not advisable at any
stage of its growth, but is positively in
juirious. So far from inducing deep
rooting, deep working de.,troys the first
roots which th corn puts forth--the
seminal roots-which are deeper in the
soil than any whic are put out later.
Deep plowin;g when the corn is young
destroys t e seminal roots which are
neve ."er -)elaced. Corn roots (11) not
bratnclh when cut as cotton roots do, but
new roots are put. forth from t he joints
TI'he nc"'w roots are tiherefore neareri
the surf;ace tli;n those which were cut
:nuld ence have le;s (routh-resisting
power. If a cotton root is cut tihe limbs
grow, but corn roots have no limbs.
only root hairs. No cottont roots are
atarted from hie radical after, t he plant
vegetates. (Corn on the contIrar can re
new its roots only by new ones froI the
joints of the stalk.
C'o'n should be so llnted, in a fur
row, that e:athi maS"y ie drawn lo t lie
stalk luring; cultivation, but no bed
should be raised. There is no advantage
in drawing earth around the cotton
stms as no new" 'oots are formed.
I'arth drawn to thecorn1 plant facilitates
t'c new r;oot growt Ii. Smue plhow deep
to throw dirt around tle stalk to sup
port it against being blown down. i
this proces: the danger of being blown
down is increased b' cutting the Sup
I.ver, variety of corn hms a dcfiinite
period of g!rowtVIi beyond which its life
cattnnot be c.xtedclecl. The '(ilt ivat ion
should be given early and rapidly ma
should ce;tse 1efore" the corn "'bunches'
Io tassel. \\'hIein corn is lid by thlie sillr
tace( shiould be level.
\\'e often1 see 'orni upon01 dry uplland(
cullt iva'ted( upon0 high beds. It' is cullti
vated often21 upon1 b)eds in bcit toms to se
cure thle niecessar'y drainllage where thle
land is 1(oo wvet . It is c'ertalinly not wise
to drlaini by bieddcingp the Iiha 'wich ar'e
alrecady too( drv'\.
Cotton Mi'anufactur'ing in the So:.thernu
The lIrbit ish consuls at New ( )rleains
:11md(L CI (llo refer', iln thleir repor0lts
tor' lie past year,. to the gr'owthI of' t hel.
Soumit hieirn S tat ea. I.aist yem-', t hey say,
for' ihe fir st ime' ini its hlistorv, ie con-i
sumipt ion oif coton 'in ti Ihe SouthI ex
ceed'(ed I.01, 00,xx lahe.; ; imd1(, ini spite oif
114 wo scce(ss5ive seaon o515(f conuner11 lc ialI de
spinles' iln thle (cottin millsk has inicrealsed
by abuout 6;7 ,(Xo 0or 21 peri cen'lt., whlile
lie 'on'smnpilt tin of cot toa hat, inicreased
by 20 per cen'lt. liIn iro-<;0 t he( 'oin
SmInlption of(i thle loca l spinning mills wm~
5.j6,Soh bales; iS9y-e1 7iS,'W h ales.
and ini S9-<b7, I ,; 6pI bales. Th<Ii
toital Inumbiler of apinldIe is now1 3,851,
991 , and while' thi S.mith1rn spinnoers
took List 4ve:ir, ls Ia been ailread(l
statted, i,' 1,67 I bakta, Ithose of' thI
North Iioo1(k 1 ,So.,,685 hales. T1he consl
at Chiarlestoni says t hat this indutstry is
miostt ivein Smin i b(Cairoliai ; Norit b
had, at the endii (f 1 g. em h abLout a
mIlion 1pi idles and.! . ,oo ma. ini ae-'
g2'ods. ( 'mrgia Ihas a1 numbe~ 4r 'if spen
hase als( Augu4 a a1 . Cohnnbes,!s ~vll and,
3,oo pind b .1 : iWa .2' IC b ImS ; I wenity-'
five co'(on hos l~'>'via dlis, aind 1,g io k nit -
It' igmachine ,c and su ndry' othe li'Ill s
for1 varii. us5 b,-an h.as of t heitxt ile induts
<11. v.-ry.-T.a ,e I-'rmer.
II t-i e..me ithi at reasonabllly slow~
< h m u .g pr-,dutes he: L-r rt suhs thban
1f m i i ni that th(ere will b.e less f'at
l.1n ill tno hontterld:i
Health and D soase Indications.
Wh'ien fowls are judiciously fed, made
to take exercise, and their quarters kept
clean and free from lice, there is com
paratively no trcuble with sickness, ex
cept in case of contagion.
\When the combs and wattles of the
fowls are of a bright red color it indicates
a coid'tion of health.
\Vhen the fowls are busy scratching,
the hens laying and singing tnl the
cocks crowiiig, these are signs of good
When you can enter the lien house
aftcr dark and hear n. wheezing it proves
that there are not any droupy fowls in t he
\Vhen the mtanuire is hard and a por
tion is white, it indicates a healtliy con
dition of the digestive organs.
When the edge ot the combs and wat
ties are of a purplish red and the miove
mcnts sluggish, there is something
When fows lie arountd, indifferent to
their* surroundings, they are too fat and
death from apoplexy, indigest ion or liver
complaint will result unless tihe t rouble is
\\' hen the fowls are rest less and con
tinuaily picking their feathers, they are
in'erested with vermin.
When voting poultry, especially duck
lings, appear to have a sore throat and
swallowing is dillicult, it is t he symptom
of h olge gray lice on ie neck.
If a I'owl has a bilious look, wit I alter
nate at tacks of dysentery and costiveness,
it is suffering with liver complaint. A
lack of grit, overfeedii g and idleness
will cause this trouble.
A hospital should be a part of every
poult ry yard. As soon as .i fowl gets ill,
reiIloye it to the losplai and coimneiice
doctoring it at once. The trouble with
far too niany is that they wait until the
disease is ini its adv"atced stages before
griving imedicine. A very sick fowl is
ditlicult to cure, and wlien cured it is sel
doml of an" value afterwardl.
A Prolltable Combinat.io,'.
Tile drliinnmer stepj)cd into a store ini a
\Vestern town where the proprietor mat
a stock of" guns and musical instru
"Isn't that a rather queer combit iot '
"Tere's iunmev inl it fI' me,' Ieplied
"I don't see how.
"That's because y"otu ain't ill in our
.. ell. puit e Ill) .
"'It's this way,"' exp)lainied thle pro
pr'i et or. " I sell a man~ i a corn et , a lbanmjo
or fiddle, or somneting like that, and by
lie timie lie has pra'ict iced a wveek Ihis
neigh bor comies in anud buyvs a shotgun
or rev'olver or somieting hike t hat , andc I
.\ Iusical record.
1 f the cow is not milked ceani she will
gradIuallyv fail ini her milk flow.
Feilled cheese is jutst ais great a fr'a..d as
butter'inie. bith shiould be comnpelledl to
sell for what t hey aire.
Learn thle proper temtperaiturie for buit -
ter to comie and keep a1 thlermiomieter for
trinig t he teimpeinatutre. It will fre
qutently save miuch labor ahid annioyanice.
oN( cililer fariin rodliet (cOlnniiaiids as
Widhe a ranhge oif pryces in the nmarket as
butter, and1( ini nothlinig else is the value
inii ma rket moruie compl 'etel y in thle hanids
of theii inufactuzrer
and about which such tender and
holy recollections cluster as that
of " Mo-ri:n "-she who wvatched
over our hel pless infancy and gnid
ed our' frst tottering stcp. Yet
the life of every Expectant Moth,
er is beset wvith dlanger and all ef
fort should be made to avoid it.
I~ ,y so assists nature
180 oiiQerinthe change tak
Mother is ena
bled to look for
dread, suffering or gloomy fore
bodiings, to the hour wvhen she
cxp)erienices the joy of Metherheod.
Its usc insiures safety to the lives
of both Mother and Child, and she
is found stronger after than before
confinemcnt-in short, it "makes
Childbirth ugatural and easy," as
so many have said. D)o n't be
persuadled to use anything but
" My wife aufTered more in ten mnin
utes with either of her oilier two-chhl
dIren thant she dId altogether wvith her
last, ha~vini pr"vioumsly used four bot
Llies(of ' Mother's Frienid.' It j it
blessinig to any onIe expti~tng to be
come a MOTPIIERt," Says a cuistoimer.
II x Daiusox l). ,u, Carmni, Illinois.
Of Druggistis 'it S1.00, or s-,nt by orpress on receipt
of prlen. , iato for .oilk coniini t tOutimonh,a
and valualllO iniformatuoun for ail Motitors. froo.