Newspaper Page Text
ABISJE)1860. 11-XW~ H ~Y.~ Cog TUESDAY, SEIPTEMB3ER 131II8 WC~ EE.~ ~ 'At
IN DARKEST CUB
TAEK WIii iII MI. N. (I. GONZA1,S A
TO IllS E(XPE(il1ECNo'w.
Fsrtti. omis'l lis Freed Cuba-ThNiga See,
tho-4stos-y cif WhIch Will M1akto Ettr
sailnitig tRading-A Ilir
"Yoll boys who have boei runnin
ThM Stalt( 8o W111 du11ring MY aLI
a n IP," said Mr. N. G. Gonzales, lIII
night., "havo mado a little mistil
ii iassuming it your editorial an
local woleomles, which 1 highly a l
proviate, that I would it 0onco til
up lily old work of writing editorialf
I simply can't (10 it. I have lost th1
hang of the thing aind lost tie rn
of the nitws. I feel shockingly ig
norant. Just think of it! ' Nof
campaign speech have I read, and
am just now trying to discover b.,
hard study of the files of The Stat
momething about the battle befor
Sintiago. Abont three weeki afto
crverl's squilladron was, annliihilate
i liabana paper with ant inc-denta
referenco to it ronchod onr camp
1111d .1 think it wis about the 10th c
August taiLt two Copies of tih. Dialri
do la Mari of Iitbana 'of Augul
I and 2 to'd us that Sauntia1.) l ha
'llen. .'ve got to catch up a litth
with the news beforo I can ilf:1 m11
"You are going to .111ke ad M Lltalg
of the ea(11Y ti writo about y;mr Cu
ban -xiperiences also, aren't N ii ?"
"W(Il, I mllay mako i stiit, b)ut i
I kept a pretty full diary I horo won'
hlimnech nlw work in that 11-i.
inave nothing of Iy exiilig inter
est to tell and my notes are Iargel;
of personal experiences of i. gen
Prall momen)111, but, so manily riend1
have asked mo to print them I lint
will do so. They will at least. throv
light on the situation in -Aarkes
. Cuba' and elliblody facts about th
,oliitry anud its people which I he wa
,brespondents have overlooked.
tod down all the information o
I sorts I could obtain and iad op
(portunity to put on paper. It wil
not tell of groat battles aud sieges
but it. will lit least show what ceitra,
Cuba is now and may yet become.'
"Your own oxperiences wv,-u no
- "No, not lit tall. I (lid not go ove
-with the idea of doing moro thMn t<
put myself in tho position ] askot
the young men of South Car.-flina t
tak-that is, a position in which t<
bo .-hot itt by Spaniards and to shoo
back-adI Its I wis l'ot ahlo to di
rect th policy of Genoral Gomoz
could4 not p)rovid1o excitinig situ at iops
My light turnemd out to be mor<
agist sIlarvation tha ain~iist Span
inds, 1 am11 sorry to say. I w.m 0111)
11 01n0 o11eoum1or of arms.''
"W\'here waIs that ?'"
"'At Moron, t he town at t ho hoi
of' the t roch'ai. W ith 11 () iml wo lat
taicked it on the night of August 11
--four hours, as it tuned out, aftei
he protocol of peafceI had been'1 sign
ed. T'hoe woro three regimi.nts o:
Spaniards in the town and( it wase do
fended by I10 block housos. W<
tackled eight of t hese at a i.aac<
of ranging from 50 to 150 ya tls ane
kept up thle fight for ani hour, losing
-on11 naanI! B1t. 1 11ay3 11s wol givi
lan ou1thline of liy very hiumibl lnd Veil
tures in 01 der to, save niysel f th<
task of ro eontinhg it fu rther by wvorc
or miouith. Duharing the last ten dlayt
so mniay k intd frienids halve bomnbard.
edml w111ith <I iost ions tha*t myi~ voicI
is woary n1od 1 am11 woeary of myl
"No, I never~i re~overed1 myt hlors(
and I marched -10 miles in three da1y~
and1( got rid of 3() pounids in doing it
anxd thon a fast of 410 dlays friom ra.
iOns kept 111 from resuiminug them
Everybody starts by asnking me if ]
got back my horse. A Cu banl ofllema
took pit3' on m11 uand loaned m1o r
broken dowvn one, wvhich by good
fortno and1( god care I was ablo1 tc
restore and1( make1( aIvailablo lte r.]
landed on the south coast, arid do.
pamrtedl fromi thel north coast. In an
air line the distaniuce is about 10W
muiles buf, wo zigznggod a1 hund11roll
mmo o. A comimanu of (*omoz's army
with the I wVo dynamilito guns taken
over by our eixpedit ion reduced ian
captured the towns of Jibaro alnud
Arroyo Blinlco, blt I had rnot the
A luck to ho with them. Wo were
posted to protect it h, besiegers of t ho
LH latter place from intrrerfee by the
Spiiiards oil tho trocha. I witiess
It, Vd (he trial of Gen. Bermudez for
outrages committed on pacificos, buti.
did not seie him oxecuted; as he was
after a soconm' a ial. Not. havinig
Ieei it jibtro I dd 11(1nl. see Lient.
Johnson of th) United States army,
coIlmmanding the colored troopers, in
0 his faiioms defenso of a barrel of
d rum against the Cubans, his te'aring
I down of the Cuban fl!ig and his at
0 tempt to shoot, his nol-commissioled
*- oflicors for refhising to firo on the
0 cubans--bit I klow to fiets. I
havo soon our force roduced ono.
half by starvation and disease, have
lived days without food, and weeks
on scanty gleanings of mangoes and
Y parched corn, foraged for at distances
0 of from six to 15 miles. I have seen
0 the darkest side of war and t ho dark
r est sido of the1 character of iIhe Cu
1 bil. forces, reduced almost to say
r.gery by privations.
Two ah after our altaek on
f \[,;uri we got [ion s that it relief ux.
poditioll in n 11111ded ., on .the north
col-t and sought tho Orotection of
troops. Our infantry nmirched 40.
3 odd miles inl two days, most of it
through fearful swam ps, and emerged
on tile beach at, KEl Mam1oi Alugust
, 1!1), whero we fo-ind the expedition
- adies ad t our fir-t (quiro mieal
sinco July I 1. Uen). Gommz vamno
inl next day, briniging news of the
tpeace, itd I was present at a strik
img gthering .f clies, the first inl
Froed Cubai. Tho war being over I
got n lhonorable dischargo and om
b arked on a littlo 2.3-fon sthooner,
sailed th1rne days to tho KeVs north
of Caiibarien. a Spanish twn; Iet
Gen. Nunez, therm arpived with the
L Wanderer expedition, spent a week
on that steamer while Gen. Gomez's
army concentratid near Caibarion
Iand me1L ib" Spaniards under the
new peacO conditions; loft on the lit
tll schooner with 25 mon in tow of
the Wanderor. Our boat, the "Del
lie" was droppod near Miami. We
sailed aid drifted south along the
entiro lino of Florida Koys, rescued
a Nassan boat with a party of starv
ing Cubans 20 dnys ou6 from Nuevi
tas, towed them toward Key West,
ran on a r0f at night, managed to
get off again, and finally got into
Key West harbor oil the night of
September 1, passing the quarantine
blockade inld landing in a stomi.
Some of my ell'eets are in quarantine
near Key WVest and1( others ini Tiampa
Baiy-I wats luck~y tough to Peape
the qualhrantin oil i ucers in miy skin.
But don't1 be worriid(--I haiveni't
b)roulght inIf(ectionl to Coliumibia. In
malirchos of 20)0 miles I nlever enteredl
a town; in fatct I neo'r sawv a house,
nior at cow, enif, sheep or goat, and1(
only two chickens. Sugar, coffee, to
bacco arnd ruin are staple priodnets
of Cuba. Ini all tiat timoi anid al
that joutrne.VinIg we encountered of
the nothiung but tobacco, and niot
half a su flicienicy of that. The couin
try thore is ia wvilderness, wilder than
Africa and almost unpeopled. Yet a
wndornuess of most wVondorful natural
richles arid enlormn c)0 apailit.ies of
"'I wanit to iaddi t hat I am deeply
grat efuil to myl frienlds for the wel
comoi they have gi vein tie, 5s) im- be
yond anythlinag I loiokedl for, anid so
far becyonid my Earnaing. I have dono
nothinrg extranord inary, nothiinig but
the( silm)plesmat. iter o( dnity. I amlT
glad to be in South1 Cairolinia and in
(Columbia again, not, SO mluch ho
(ause of hatrdshipa elsewhlerc but be
canrse I find ImnyselfC onicoe un0~Ariong
the best p)eople on t.hisii ('arth."
TheIi SLSaboard( A ir ineil has for (1is
tribuim,Lin to its f irinds a nd hatronsa,
somec typlicalt "C(oon"' piet,ures. T1hce
aire PhoIitographsi, 22x28 iches and
handsomely framed(,(. To'( cover parlt of
the cosL of lt I 'l>otogr'aphs and 1x
niressagit, they are soldi irt 2.00) chld.
They can be secured from t,he itepre
.senitatives of the S(heabord1 Air Line or
upon01 apliciationi to T. .1. Ande(lrsonm,
General I*'assengrer Agent,, I'otrnoiutl,,
Vai., who wvill also be gleul to end
pirinited mnatter relative to RtnteB Sum
PAID OFF BY A
0 N I,Y 4 0 1 .)it 1.'s 1s V V .t s I 11.;t 1 -4 'A 1 V,
1JI'4101AIN) I 10.S 1 E It%itI
Th'e heecinel Itulgn kon . S. 0. V.. w.,.I' o i ,,14
1iCiV0 Th,e Ir PIy neIl T t'a1es M jiijor
%% rltlist wi(t MsitilerIy Uirtemy,
'Tlhough Mity wemitlereol Why Ri.
liul lict ba-mi Am.tsgsed lis n
DlTf. rimt. Fie lil-h'et ilnj er
Wil" 8140w. but, V'oll
dutetedl H111melf with
(Special to News and Courier.)
Columbia, S. C., September 10.
When it, is considered proper that
tho 2d Soith Carolina I(egit10Ik
should bo paid off by a colored ma
jor it may be said that the ora of re
union has gone pretty far. The war
department saw fit to send Major
R. R. Wright hero to pay off the
young men of the 2nd regiment.
Thero is no disguising the fact that
some of the mell did not like the idea
of getting their pay for patriolic
duty from as black at man as could
be found for the service. No doubt
Major Wright is i good man aud
eminently qualified for the work he
has been itsigned to do, but some of
the men thought Major Knapp or
some other oflicer of the pay service
could have been sent here.
rHEil's NoT To IEASON WIlY.
Thero 1 no disguising the fact
that the oflicors were very anxious to
havo nothing happen to mar the
standing of the regiment in I mili
tary senso or to pr ejudico the comu
Thand witi those inl anthority. One
of the first things in military life is
tu take things as they are and to
obey orders. The orders wore that
Major Wright should pay off the 2nd
regimeont, mnd the ollicers wisltod it
accept ed in the host possible mannor,
and, after all, a crisp ten doliar note
handed over by Major Wright was 1as
good as if handod over by som one
else. Still there is sotiment about
such things, and the oflicers wished
to avoid any seeming slight to Major
MoAR wIo 101nT THEATED WITH RiESPECT.
Major Wright is the superinten
dont or president of the State Col
ored College in Georgia, and, baviu,g
lived in the South, knew his position
and what was expeted of him. Col.
Jones took it upon himsolf at the out
set to lot the men so that lie would
treat Major Wright Wilth considera
tion ( and such deferenco as wis duo
his oflice, and raiik. The treatment
B3eforo tile paying off began Col.
Jones had1( the comipanies (drawn uIp,
and1( the enmmanlludiung oflicers told the
muen wl1.at they wore expectedi to do,
anmd staltod thamt if there wera anly
11n0n who did not wVant thieir pay
from Major WVrighlt to say so then
and1( there and the monecy would be
gotteni by the collamaInding otlior of
the reginmn. The mnen wvere ex
pected to ten signify their diesire
and1( wore, of cour*so, exp)ecte'd to
abido(1 by whalt thley said as8 soldiers
None declined to go up to) the col
ored ma:jor's table for their pay.
TJhe men went up to the pa5y win
dow in squads of ton, and as pay do
partmuent was well guarded there
was no0 chanice of troulek.
A fewv of the mn turned their
faices awlay, aind p)okod t heir haniids
in wvindowv and1 got thleir pa~y. The(
men01 were g'nerally "'straipped"' and1
woro rejoiced that psy-day was ait
At St. Simon01 Island, whcen the're
is a1 sinall1 force, th ine lwspaLpers say
Major Wright was roughly received
andt tile men0 there refused pay from
PAIl) OUT $28,000.
Major Wright seems to ho0 quito
niew att 1the butsiness. Ho is aiccom
panlied1 by two colored cloaks. Thero
was $28,000 paid out. The p)aynfmnt
took 1amost ai daiy and11 a1 half, wilo
tile expert palymasters go) thlrongh
tihe wvork of pa1ying off a regiment in
a f ow hlours. Major WV it iishlod
up his work at about 2 o'clock.
Wif0 MAJOIi wR[miT Is
Major Wright said( this5 mornfinig
that he is theo only colornd palymasiR
ter ill thle voiluntecor sbrvice, ad he
will sl(on tendoer his resignation,
Major Wright is president of the
Georgia Stato Colored C*olloge, mia
tlyl hI did not solicit the position of
va) master at. ill, bu11t it wa.s sInrul
for him by friends, and tho l'r.sidt-nt
olered it (A hin. lit) at first. thought
of declining tho oitor, but. frion<ls ad
vised hllm to acopt tl position.
It thmi went, he snays, to Groverior
Atkinson to resign the presi<lney of
tho collogo., but Wals asked to retaii
his piosit.io as presideit, and roturni
there at ih oponing of the fall son
sion. Aijor Wright, therefore, with
drew his resignation and will return
to the Georgia Collego in Octobor.
He says this is his last trip out as
paymIIIiastor, as ho will tonder his
resigniation to President McKinley
about the Ist of October.
WIZEN THE SECOND IE0oIMENT WILL
Col. Jones expects to leave hero
on the 20th %ith the 2nd South
Carolina volunteor infantry. He will
go to Jacksonville or Covington, Ky.
Gon. Leo's corps is now at Jackson
Ville, but if fever should increaso in
Florida or sickness should increaso
the corps will be moved to Coving
ton, Ky. Tile 2nd South Carolina
will join Lee's corps wherever it
may be on the 20th; that, atloast, is
the present order, and will, no doubt,
be carried out.
The regimient will be ready to
move at any noniont. A numuber of
the young men todiay secured leaves
of absence, so they could go home
and see their home folks hofore go.
ing to join Leo's corp>s.
It moltui lonl" of Itelplct.
Whereas, it has pleased Almighty
God to remove from his work on earthi
to his reward above our friend and
brot.her, David DVeWalt, a m110st, h1ighly
esteemed mrember of thib lodge. He
parted th is life August 5, 1801 aged 22
years, 4 months and 23 day. In his
early boyhood his parents moved to
Prosperity. Ile attended the schools
of his town and after acquiling suffi
cientl prelimilnary trainiing entered the
S. C. College where lie continued his
studies for .ome years, wlien Iiis healti
became poor he came home and took
charge of his fatber's immense farming"
int,erest which he condlucted up to his
short illness. Bro. DeWalt, was a no
ble character, not so much after the
manner of mn as the example of that
meek and lowly Master. He was strict
ly honest, lie loved hlumanity aid had
faith in (0d. lie loved masonary as
feW men did, although a very younig
brother. His desilgs were drawn on
the trestle board wit,h careful thought.
prompted by love. lie was a mason in)
spirit. IIis record as such is imperish
lIesolvedl, T1hat in t,be death of Iro.
Do Walt I'r-osperity Lodge, No 115 A.
F". M., has lost a beloved b)rother and
fellow worker, whose life has heen a
noble example to us, tbat w, lhe we how
wit,h suibm isslin under the hand of our
Heavenly Feathier who has niilicted us
we w,ili strive to emuclate his mtasonie
faith and virt,ues, manly cour*age and
conscientiousness, truist,ing that we
may by fait,h in the i"atber whomi he
loved be permiitt ed by the Su premet
G rand Master's own ,I me t-o join im o in
tha Lodge above.
lIesolvedh, Th'lat a page in onr innute
book he souitably inuserihbed to his~ memii
or'y and that t,he Lode h!1le cothedh in
mourning for thirty (30ij days and that
t,he secret,ary be Iistrunet-r.d to forward
a copy oIf these resolutions to the famni
ly of our dleceased brot,er with w,vhomn
we sc) deeply sympat,hiz/e andh toi the
1.1. N. KinLluii.
0. E. H AwKINS,
'I'he sotathersts OhIeapi I,an.
For occasion oif t"armers meetIig at,
Hlagood, Sept.imber 22nd. fare for
round trip from New berry $1.75, from
lProspierity $ 1.50. T1ickets on sale
Septemb er 20thI and 2b ar, li mitel to
AlIso Occnsi on ouf Na tional l'nicamp-i
tembehr 5th to I10t,h, farie for routlriip
frorm Newherry, via Atlanrta or P'oinit
I ock, $11.910, from l 'rosperi ty, samle
route, $1 I95It. 'Tickets onl sale Sc etm
bier 3dt anrd 4thii, hiited to I12th.
For ad vant.ages 00'ered b ly this road
consult Agent, J. A. I lurton.
National la pt-ist. (Con venition, colored,
K(ansas Cit.y, Mo., Neptemnher 141 -20).
l"are for r'ound( t!i p, *27. T1iket,s sotld
11, 12 andI 131 li,'itedl to 25th.
G;rand Unilted (Order of ( dd i"el lows,
coloredl, St,. I LuIs, Mo , Octobe'r 4--10.
Fare fori round t.it *23.50. TIickcets on
siae O ctob,er I I, Iinited to I3h
Kenltucky T'rot,tin Ht orsae I reeders
Association, L ex in gton, K( y.. ( )ciober
41 15. Fare for 1) rid tit *$14 910. T1ick
et,s sold October I-- 1imit,ed to I 7t,b.
A nnual Convent,ion Christ,ian Church
(Disciples of Chris. and Auxi Ilary Con
Sentioins), Ci- at.tanooga, TPen n.. Ocet o i .
13I-2h Tlickets on sale October 10) -13,
lImited to 24th.
'Th rong h serv Ice hIs bexien estabtlihed
over t,hbe I 'tart . Sysi tem het.weetn P ort
Taminpa, Key West, ined I avana, Cuba.
Tlhe Southern conots with this sys
WHO IS TO BLAME
FOlt 11411.i11IN41 1T4.1:- 111114 IN C.1M P
'U't# MfE OrF FC-ve%t
1111 Arp ten i liig litewi It -IIWitm Wrm-g T(i
a ti e -l ' i lit I t ym toe ifet 'I rteip '-4 itrse
I n i suI Im %ist toter Miemit It.
JE"verybody rejoited when the por
tovol was siglnd and p itce ws
Illdii. But ourl trulbh-4vs seiml I
ha11ve just, begun. The q Iuar. olh
twoee goitirilIs IId (ahiilnet officerm
inld im doctors nild ne4--wSpllrs arto
badit enough, buit when,I are oir sol
diir boy.N to quit d., ing and go
hiolmo? Somll tiay Ih hefilP 1amps arllm
hmalthly, aind ovenl Almitatlk Point
1b11114 n co" n CIdolilnod by Dr. SIII-,
hso 141ayti it will osoil bI a crni> of
horrors. Chicikamanga wis (-on. -
dmand and now it i4 said Hmitw
vile i8 no botter. Tampa had to be
abandoned, and tihe diatlh rate of
Porto Rico is incretsing every day.
It IIakes onle sick to run the chlip
tors of misery in the daily papers.
Somo lay all tho blame oni Alger and
soue chargI it upon |le ti fi
doctois. Soile Say i. Is liolnesick
nev8 that cullsH the great liortalt, ity N
ainl others dIeclar11 it to Ie 1,hie result
of cliiittoc chaniges-( ie suddon trun
sition from Chickiliili t,o 'I'aliltp
anld Cuibai and P'ortc h'imo. What,
Over it ml'ay be, th prosmit. cmndition
is iwvfli!. The1' sco!dier boys Iiit-i'
brought back with them the gers
of imalarial diseases a ard da ing
by thousands. It will (ake good
beds, good rooms, good nourishmniit,
good nursing find1 tlie 1conisint care
of kind parents or sist4ers or some143
near kindred to Save any (f tileI.
Wi know all allot it it otir hou.-m.
for my wife and I nursed o of our
boys in Florida for Oirvo 14)long, ix.
ions 1months and barely tiaved hiiii.
It. Iook him two yors to recover
after wo got him Lomne. He' is
strong and healthy, itd wont to
Florida in Jiuno to work onl at rai'
road and the fever took hold of hii
aind wastcul all hlis fheSh awivy. Of
course, lie would havo died but for
Or constant Car1-0 aid tP(RnMder nurs.
ing. What Ilion, cahlll e pectel
of the-o boys t.aken from stores aid
ollices and saludy h1onmes to the sickly
heat of It tropical sun '?
Major Bacon, mir senator, visit(od
Washinyoto aId b(-g4'd Nr. McKill
ioy not to Send the bs' to Tamip
or Cuba until the fall of tli year,
but, the administration was ini a
hurry itnd paid no hood to him. lII
is it Stittesmnit, if we livo got. anyl)',
and foresaw just whait has happenl)Ied.
Three or four thousand( killed ini
Ibattl10, or dlied frm t heir wound~s,
and'1 15,000 i already deaid froml feve'rs.
If D)r. Senn itnd otherli surtgeonis are
to lbe believed thei inumberu will he
closes. Soinebody has4 liralleredl.
and4( thle nudetdictitions 4f thonsandlie(s of
tderes . Eveni at F1-id summtiieer
stiIs ca1re'fully' avoideid by Floimidianis
and4( the armly tent1 s at. Tampa141 areo a
Dunrinug the four years of our civil
war t here ieid of diseas1e4 ini the f.od
oral army I 'd0,00) 01e (Jit Of an lg
gregte of 2,'750,00), being about111
'7 pter cent, anud yeRt wit hinl four
months ouit, of less tlhan I (0,0100 mien,
lieo, I ,500( have alr.'aly died., and1(
t hey artnow averagin4l'lg o''(veri 2001 a
da13 -- caf11't get doctors(11 enigh, not'
Ou r naivy hats provd toi 1.ble a wvon.
dlerfiul suiccets, for it waus l readly
oflicered, but Ithe mnanagenrt (Jr our
army hias beor11ita series oIf bl iianders,
a11d41blt for th114 expierie' of Gen.
(Iral Wh~121oolr and ai(1 few tvh).1ers,
would have bee a01 itmiiserabtle fa ii
ure. As it iH, I he poor i-oldier' boys
aire Hsufferiung a1nd dy'in g like sheep.j,
anid t hore sems'1i to ho 110 remedy.
Verily, it is as was said biy the duike
of WVellinhgton "1 NothmgIi1 except it
battle lost is half so imelanchioly as it
And1( niow 1115 inivest igt ion is go
irng on, andit it is sear1c'hin g. Thie
repulicanh papLers aro mnono clam,or
ing for it thlani the1( demltocratic, anid
they dlo niot sp aro the4 pres5iden1t.
lhis blunider' is in not ignoring the(
pressure of poli t ial ico seekers.
TChe republican presas seems divided
its It, Alger's fitwnss, but most of
thoir. plilers look 11ponl the0 fight, bo.
t wven Algvr unt ilvis and Shaftor
ats aIt t. I-Id it d1og busiloss all
r'( illd. Thell golnmral vordlict is Chat
part isam poli( ics and polit ical favor.
itisli is it thw bottom of all tIis
11hofiul noglet. of th. plor pri
vates in tih ranks. of coirso the
m-uth comos in fr a i rgio tihro of
libusi ll Iliving" siNileh i sickly eli
maln anld fileh misorablo camping
Somo of us havo not forgotton
how our soldimr boys fared during
tho civil war-o llixuries, anld but
few comipdaintH - -andt( yot th ImIlortal
Ity from disvilso Wits ornly ;' por
1ontt, it. was owing to good 1111111
Pigement, of tho offlieor. and tho spir
it of th toldioirs. Of cotirse thoro
a1s 11 suIddon t-ranistuiision from
Now York or Chickimaunga to Tampa
Ir Cbuba ill in idstuniner-nobody but
lni idiot wo)uld(l Iavo done that, and
nobody buLstic it gaimo soldior as
("olerald Whoolor coul have, at his
nlgo, fought throngh it and collio
11nt wvo will Wait. and soo mlloro of
thils btu-iness. Tho premm ay be
partisal and sook to covor tpl) the
ini<illity ill high p1iwos, but it cannot
be dcmiko. I'ho 11"liticail job will iall
bt VXIo--;)d. TI nWXt grofit. (110.
ki.iu is whatllfi b1111h donlo with the
Phibippinlos. -japant Says keoptiholm,
311Ehd Wiik4 at, it. and NuSHift
,Msas, "LIet. us IVO )IMn-P," aid HO if
wo wnitit tholm, I rockonk we cian havo
theil witholit distuilbanlcE frolli tlo
greattlj powers, but accordinlg to imly
limited vision, I woli r-Althe (.ut.
I lit Nicaringa cail thi livo till
beo invivilized islands inl tho Pacific
Cliti. Lot I-, try l'ort.o Hico first,
Mid Soo how wo Canfl got ilclig with it
littlo ovto, It. i.1 abouit, its large 'im
on volalt.y ill Allibiillk, an haf Its
litrgo its T1om G1ron county, in Tex
as. Mallybo wo cnilt nfinago it-I
14CI" -iUtItItAY )leA I).
Me' ief Aniderlian' Mot V'renhliag ounig
1min uncd s Olim Molc fr of t Ie FIr.t
A ndorson, S. C., S 0pt. I0--J. Scot t.
Mi rray, Jr., oldost. soil of t h) late Ed.
wI*ds 13. Mirra, diod this iorning
it thelo rosidvlect of his Imother inl this
city. lio was aboit IS) years of ago
and was kuown a.4 it bright, promising
young init. Whtnti offorts woro first
itdo~ to raisoa otopanyj)t froiu Ander
SOnL to tiake its plate in thle First.
Sou th Canrolinai re'gimenut ini the wiar
tihe Iit to vohtuit.cer; his inilutenice
and ener-gy coa1t ribu11 td Iargely to thet
suIccess of th company1111'I. fromt theit
(liy tile coluupanly wais inistero(I in
Weailkenmed Iiy tyV 1h1oid fever, I ast
'JTuesdayl, he hans ser ved (1 cotinuuously
its at tit soietr, wilainimig f.ie (stcggn
andit con11idenuc of hIis supe~)rior oflicors
and( ialonig wvithi it deserved
H is frienids thiroighiouit thle Stato:
wVill be sadd end ailt ihl newvs of hiis
unle xpJoeted donthI. HeI' wasI at true
friend, a loyal son anid b)rother.
I: ilit4'aR Ile? A Us 24: H.t sI'U N.
Ii er MIaigu'iy .11t, ackvsl WVhal .. Waing to
at luon - Inel in 1a sho 'rt 'iian--'Ihu
Itlan ane Mturdie'r.-r l'r aliily A . rsteru-i.
(1oilval, SwV zIitzrlad, Sept.. I10. -
theo Emnpress of Aulst.riat was atssas
thais afteornoon iby itan11i anarchist, who
wits atrrtsted: . lIto stabbed))1 lhtr withi
it st il let o.
I lierimajtesty wasM waltking1 fromi thle
hotel to tloheilanding platten o:f ilt)
steameIjir allout1 I o'cloc)k whe ani'l l Itatl
empress08 foil, bou <q Ickly got up itgaim
consciou0hs. The( bjot, wa's stari ted1,
recove5red, tihe capIjtin returneotd and1(
tilhe)1 lmpressI wats caried4: to tihe hotel,
wheitre si) he ied. She wats botrnl Do.
combeIhr 2-ih, 1837, the dauighltor of
D)uke Matximniian, of Bav'ariat, and
wasO ma11r rie'd to 1''riancis,Pl Imperor' of
Aistria anud thei king of linnugarly,
Apnril 24, 185.1.
At U IAI r*i mity U,T 81'AND.
1 Jtil ?1l, 4v I*r pn 4 Next Mte$ve-.1ome1111Is ili
I t '1 h,t It I i n t re I.taw refi
re ;ard% t , vol.f q %v4mlgly
(The State, 10t i.)
1in tilt Imatter of riate for the telp
rap opa1 nie doing business in
this Stato, thie railroa I comilismiol
docide that, it. will niot roverso its
rect'it acion lowering the rates for
thm soniiig o11lf messages. Mr. Au
gustiilo 'I'. Smllth a11pared hoforo
the commiisilors severaI days ago
niid in an arnost 1111( ablo argument,
presented tho matter.
The chief point in thi matter is
that the commiinssi fixes the rate at
24 cents ppr 10 words to any point
inl this State where thern is no lin.
Where at inossitge i; sont over t wo or
moro linus owied and controlled by
iolparatti an11d distinct corporatinI)s
ti raot shall not exeoed 410 cents.
The whole imitter, Mr. Smytho
clims11, is On account of the o ceit,
war tax. The war rovenue law re
qluiros tho sender of overy message
to puit a onm conit, tix Oil it. So, the
-iigile- of Ia m10ssa1gi 111H b0en )ItNyiing
26 cntits fmit isaigo of 10 words.
Now, ace?r(ling to the lower rate,
t telegraph c,imany iidirecly
pays the war tax.
It is not, I.-nlowin what will be t.1 o
next movo on the part of the tole
ahcompany, thoir. counmolbin
in) Charloston, but it is said that Mr.
Simythe will carry the matter into
the coirts. I is expected that he
wvill aisk for anll injiictionl against tho
eniforcenit of the rulos.
It is quit-o nll important matter to
the tolograph compamios, for if the
commilission is sustained in their po
litioln it. will m1eanu a considerable loss
to the companies. The fight will no
doubt develop to bo <uito interest
ing, if it is carriod Into the courts.
The following are tho five rules
which tho commission decidos shall
go into effect:
iule 1. . No telgraiphi company,
shall charge or collect, more thin
21 cents for iy messago of 10
words or losm, exelusive of dato, ad
dross 1inad signlature, betwoon any
two points withis tho limits of this
Sta1t1o, on its linies, nor more than two
cents for ech aiddi(lltil Word on a
day lelssasge, tior nore than one
enit for (eachi additionral word on a
nsighit, message. No addit.ional chargo
shall be0 mado(1 for repent inig r mo
sage, th at is, teldegraph)i Ing b)ack to
origin oiscico for compi arison.
lRulo 2. No telograph di 1100* where
ni es.a,,es are receiyesi anid trans
muit ted for thle 1)ub)1ic slialhl b)o( <Sls.
tinned or abolished wvithout first ob
tiiniig the c'onsenJt of this commis
8101n upon0 an appl icat ion dluly filed
by the said comny do(si1ring such
dlSi isconination, wherein shsal! be
stat.(l the rehasohis therefor.
Su lo 8. Whensever a me('ssage is
sent over t wo or miore 5 eleg raphi
liIi(es owntedl, conlt rolled and op'erated
by sepalrate ad (distinct( corporations
or individuals, thle joint rate shall
not exceed I hie sum51 of 40 c!ents for
snehs rusossaige of 10 bodly wvords or
less, exclivo~ of dthite, add(1ress and
Hign atulre, h)itweet ansy two j)oihts
with in the limsits of this State, nior
m0ow t han11 th re coni 5 for euach ad(
Itale .1. On or hofore November 1,
1 898, 1te teleigrap h companfli s3 shall
mnake an1 annustal repo(rt (of their op.
('rationis, ill the State oIf South Cairo
li na, inclusding receipts and1( exen
for the year eunding June 30, 1808,
and thint ini all suceceedinrg years this
reort, sihall b e filed wYithI thle comn
miIssi oni or hofore the 3lst day of
August of (on1(h year.
Rule 5. No telegrapjh company
shall be allowed to cobarge for tie
dlelivery of it.s messages withiout the
conison i the rail road commili son
lias b)oon ob)tainled.
f)eWtt's WVitch H azel Salve has the
largest, satle of any salve in the world.
Thlsis fact, and1( Its mierit, hais led (1ishon
est people to aIttempt1), to counIterfeit it,.
Lo)ok out. for the manL who attemnupts to
dteceivye yeu whsen you)l callI for l)eWitt's
W itchs Hazel Salve the gre'a, pleo t4o0