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~'I"ABLISHIED 18"'f5. N !jlV I i~ , ._oCo,_FRI DAY9_FEBRUARY 17, 1419
YTh OF THE WAR
TIM MAINN WAI DENsTIMYED A YEAR
A tri-f 4,atitaln of Pulilic Events that,
Heave iappen#tt sice Then-A Itesune I
of T1isa9 1that Havo neen Dearibed
at Len1gtis its Ini the IMspatches ,
of Tie News amid
(News and Courier, 15th.)
Shortly before 10 o'clock tonight
it will be just one year sinco the f
battle ship Maine wits destroyed in
the harbor of Havana and 200 [
Americans wore ont into otorni- t
ty without preparation or notice. In
fact- most, of those summoned so I
rudely to judgmont wore slooping
when the world-shocking fatality
took place. When the news of the '
destruction of ,Jhe good ship and H
most of her crw canio it wits goner
ally accepted throughout the world,
when it was known that strained re
lations had for soine time existed be
tween Spain and the United States h
that it would result in war. The t
correctness of this surmise was thor- t
oughly denionttrated. In loss than
a year the armies of Spain in Cuba,
Poi to Hico and -the Philippine Is. b
lands have been conquered and two t
fleets flying the colors of Spain flave b
found perpetual docks in the bosom b
of old ocean, there too rest forover a
in company with tho bullps that were
once braze vessels of the fained v
Armada. But the war with Spain
and the victory over the Spanish v
troops did not end the tioubles of F
this country. Even now Dewey and
Otis are holding Matnila. and its n
sarrounding territory by force of
arns and the study islanders each c
dny refuse American control with
bloody protests, Cubans are restless
under their now government., and
only a day or two ago shouted in
praise of the insurgent leader of the $
Filipinos, "Viva Aguinaldol" and '
shouted derigivo epithets at the 0
American soldiers who took part in tl
the funeral obsequies of Gen. Garcia. 1
But even this is not the end, nor is s
it the worst. Here at home thero 14
are squabbles and scandals, shocking d
the honest folks of the countrv. 1n
the navy Sampson and Schley are i
pitted againiWeach other for rank b
and advancemet,. Charges and
countercharges of demerit, cowardice a
and incompetency are being hurled
at each of these commandorm; the -'
army is split, not only by dissonsions
in the scramble for placo, but steal
i ig, and insuordination and crime e
are charged against officials high in
olico. The President is even ac
cused of prostituting his office and
the gifts in his power for the further e
a,dvancoment of himstelf and his v'
pairty. In the meantime the decency a
and patriotism of the country has d
b)een looking on mn disgust and is y
unable to distinguish between the c
many sides of the unlimited contro- t
versios that hatve the contre of the v
stage, and is beginning to believe I:
that the entire "'kit and iling" is t
unsoundl, unwise, fractions and cor- a
rnpt. .It was a war, victorious as d
far as conquest goes, but costly to s
this count ry in killed and poisoned (
soldiers, and( in the growth of in-t
morality and(1 itriguo.
But to the war itself. A short his
tory on the anniversatry of its actual
beginnimg should be most appropri
ate today. TIhe News and1 Courier a
wats one of Itin few papers in the
'omuntry to publish the p)ortontouis I
item in its first iedition on the morn
ing of February 10, 1898. From I
that day on this paper hats been a
correct and reliable chronicler of the
great evoumts thiat have been of diaily y
occurrence, and from the files of the
p)aperi t he following b)rief, but cor- I
roet, history of the wvar is taken:
Tfhis Giovermoiont sent the battle
shipl Maine to Havana hiarbior on a I
friendly mission. T1hie vessel was
received by the Spanish of1icials,
*ships atnd forts in the cnstomary I
manner, and( the oflicers of thiscoun- I
try were showvn every courtesy by I
*the otlicers of Spain in Cuba, al
though the loyalist olomont in Cuba I
dlisliked the advent of the vessel, and
were discourteous to members ot t he
crew wvhile on shore leave. The
Maine was given an anchorage by
;i4 heet. O tlain night (Aba narty
15, 1898) a year ago the Maino wi
lestroyed and 259 of its crow por
shod. It was this calamity, wheth
sr caused by accident or design, the
itially brought on the war. Whie
he horror was flashed throughou
his country nothing !ould have pro
,ented war. Even the most temper
to of people became inflamed, fo
he belief spread with the news tha
;panish troachery was responsilh
or ho catastropho.
February 16-Spain oflicially ex
e9sed regrots to this country fo
he "Maino incident."
February 17-The President np
ointed a Court of Inquiry to deter
-iino the cause of the explosion whict
,estroyed the Maine. TLo Cour
7as composed of CaW. W. T. Samp
on, Capt. F. C. Chadwick, Lieut
Ommamnder W. P. Potter and Liont
,ommander Adolph Marix.
February 18-'f'ho Spanish cruisei
izcaya arri'ved in Now York harbor
aving been sent from Spain to visi
Lat. port as a sort of retaliation fo
be visit of the Maine to Havana
'hose aboard the Spanish cruise
new nothing of the Maine borror
aving been on the high sea whe
io explosion took placo in Havaml
arbor. The Vizcaya romained ir
low York until February 25, wher
be sailed for Havana. During th
Lay of the cruiser in United State
'ators she was thoroughly guardod
y the ot'cials of this country to pro
mnt any ontbroak by tbo enrage<
February 20-Tho Court of in
)quiry began its sessions.
March 5-Spain asked for the rm
ill of Consul General Lee, which
as promptly refused.
March 7-After many hot debatm:
tid patriotic spoeches a bill was in
-oduced ii the House appropriatiip
50,000,000 for the national defence
'he bill passed March 8th and on
f the wildestt scenet ever enacted in
io Houso ensued. Staid old states
ien capered and sang patriotic
>ngs and the visitors in the gal
)rips cheered and screamed theii
March 9-The bill was passed by
1o Senato and signed the same day
y the President.
March 1 -The mobilization o
rmy was bogun.
March 12-The battle shipOregor
'arted on her grand race from Sai
'rancisco to Tampa. .
March H--The Spanish floot sail
A from Cadiz to the Canary Islands
March 19-Thi Mfaine Court o
Iiry completed its labors.
March 25- Theli President recoiv
d the report of t.he board of inju-iry
rhich was as follows: "That the los:
f the Maine was not in any respec
uc to fault or negligeLico on t.h
art of the olliors or members of th
row; that the ship wasi (lest royed b'
bie expilosion of ai submarine mine
,hich caused the explosion of twvo o
tore of her forward magazintes, amn
bat no evidenco has been obtain
ble fixing the responsibility for th
estruction of the Maine on any per
on or persons." On this same da:
jommodor,, Schley was ordered. ti
lbe comamatnd of the fly ing sqpladrol
t Hampton Ro.ads.
April 2-The Spanish fleet arrivet
t the Cape D)a Verde Islands.
April 5-The United Stales con
uls in Cuba were recalled.
April $)-Gen. Leo and American
April 1 9-Congress adlopt.ed rese
uitionis (declarinig Cuiba indo(lpondon
nad authiorizinig the President t
se the army andl niavy to est ablis
teace in the island.
April 20-- An ultimatutm was e
led to Spain.
April 2 1-Spain sent Mtniste
Voodford his passports, thus biegiri
ing the war.
April 22 -P1roclamrat ion to th
oeut ral Po'vors announcing wvar wni
ssued by President McKinley an
lhe blockade of Cuban p)orts was ei
Apr-il 24--Spain formally dleclare
hat war existedl with the Unite
April 25-Dowey sailed from lion
(ong to the Phlilippines.
April 27-The b)ombardment<
d[atanzas, in wvhichi the famous nu.
A pril 30- Cervera sailed from the I
- Cap do Verde Islands for ie West
t May I -Dowey's great victory at
I Manila in whielh M1NOtejo's fleA was
t d(estroyed, till th liand battories
siloticed and the only damage sus.
tained was six sailoru slightly wound
May 11-Dewey mado a rear a('
miril, also the attack on Cienfugas,
in which Ensign Worth Bagloy, "the
first martyr," and four seamen
aboard the torpedo boat Winslow
May 12-Sam psoti bombarded San
Juan do Porto Rico.
May 13-Tlying squadron t3ailo. d
for eastern Cuba.
May 19-Corvera's fleet arrived in
the harbor of Santiago.
May 24-The Oregon reached Ju- 1
piter Inlet, Florida.
May 31-Forkt at the entrance of
Santiago harbor were bombarded.
June 3-11obson sank the Morri
Jtne 4-Capt. Gridley, of the f
Olympia, died at Kobe, Japan.
June 01-13panish cruiser Reita
Mercodes was sunk by Americans at
J une II -Marines landed att (uan
tanamo and skirimished with the
Spauniards the next day.
Jun 12-I-Oen. Shafter's army
of 16,000 men embarked at Tampa.
Juno 15-Camara sailed from Ca
diz for tho Suez Canal.
J tine 20- -22-Shafter's army land- r
ed at Daiquiri; one killed, four
June 21-Ladrono Islands cap
tured by tie Charleston.
June 24-Juragua was captured.
Spaniards were defeated at Las Gna
simas. Capron and Fish were killed. t
June 28-Merritt and army sailed
July 1--2-The Spatnish earth
works at El Caney and San Juan
were carried by assault, with heavy
loss, in which Rough Riders and 71st
New York participated.
July 3-Cervera's flet attempting
to escapo from Santiago were over
taken and d-estroyed by the Ameri
can ships under the command of
:iAohley; Shafter demanded the sur
render of Santiago.
July 6-Hobson and comrades
July 10'-Bombardmlent. of Santi
July 17 -Santiago surrendered.
Jluly 25 -Miles and army landed
in Porto Rico and captured Guianica I
July 20---Spain, thIrough Frentch a
amb)assador, asked foa terms of peace.
Jully 29)-Merritt arri ved1 at Cavilte,
July 30-Presaident stated terms
July 31--A mericans beat thte Span
iards at Malate, neat Mantilla.
August 9-Gen. Ernst defeated
Spaniards at Coamio, Porto Rico.
Spain acceptedl thea President's t erms.
August 12-Protocol signted, ar
mistico declared and blockade of
) Augnst; 13-Manilla surrendered
after at shiarp, short tight.
Septembaer 9-Poace commitssion
October 8---Formnal p)ossess.'i
takena of Porto Rico.
November 1-Theo cruiser Maria
Thoresa was wr-eced( and1 thle first
ntews of t he accident was brouight to
- this city.
t. D)ecomber I10-The I reaty of peace
> signed at P~ari a 8.45 o'clock, p. mn.
. Secret of Beauty
is health. The secret of health is
rthc power to digest and1 assimn
-ilate a proper quanity of food.
Th'lis can never be dlone when
tihe liver dloes not act it's part.
Tutt's L iver Pills arec an ab)so
lute cure for sick headache, dys
Spepsia,- sour stomach, mnalariia,
constip)ation, torpid liver, piles,
jaund(ice, b)ilious fever, bilious
ness and kindred diseases.
STutt's ive.r nils
ECOND CITY IN
liE INsUGIENTS SETI itE T0 TOWN
'Io Petra I Opoi,eted Fire-Miler Lont No
Tino It, Detsavding a Mtrrender atet
Utt-lippc It, Work-Mosr Troo Fov-111
a Vosntiote o,rdon, About Manolim.
Washiiigton, Feb. 13.-Shortly
oforo midnight Adjt. Gon. Corbin
indo public the following dispatch
rom Maj. Gon. Otis, reporting the
apture of the town of Iloilo by the
Lin(rican forcos under (Ion. Miller
n the 11th inst.:
Manila, 1Fe). 13.
General Miller reports from Iloilo
bat town takenI 1Ith instant and
old by troops. Insurgents given
util evening of 11th to surrender,
ut their ho.tile action brought on
n ongagement during the morning.
usurgents fired native portion of
>)Wn, but little loss of property to
.roign inhabitants. No casualties
mong the United Siates troops re
orted. (Signed) Otis.
HOW IT WAS )ONE.
Mtnila, Fb. 14.-9:4 5 a. In. -The
Jnited Statis gunboat Potrol arrived
ito lst ovoning with dispatches
Wm Brig. Gen. Marcus P. Miller to
ij. Gn. Otis, announcing that
loilo had boee taken by the com
ined military and navy forces on
Gen. Miller, on receipt of his in
tructions from Manila, sent the
ative coinnmissioners ashoro from
h United States transport St. Paul
ei'h a communication for the rebel
lovernor of Ioilo calling upon him
o surrender within a time stated,
nd warniug him not to make a deni
mstration in the interval.
The robols - nnmediately moved
heir guns and prepared to defend
heir position. Theroupon the Petrel
ired two warning guns, and the
ebels ihnmediately opened fire on
The Petrel and the Baltimore then
1ombarded the town, which the rob.
ls, having set on fire, imnedintely
American troops were promptly
anded and extinguised the fires in
J1 cases of foreign property, but not
ieforo considerable damage had
WE HAVE NO CASUALTIES.
It is believed that the onemy's
oss during the bombardment was
meavy, but no .Anmerican casualties
coNcORDI. OFF PAlINAQUTE.
Lursuing t heir customary tactics,
he rebels on the ext reme left line
)pened fire at long range on the
.morican troop)s last night, main
~aining their fire for a few minutos
>efore settling down. None of their
thots took effet, however, and1 the
imoricans (lid not reply.
All was quiet along the rest of the
Theim Concord is niow lying off
The wveat her at night now is cooler,
mud showers are frequent.
Private Meisick, of the Montana
regiment, who was shot in the lungs
ni the lighting between Feb. 4 and
3I, died in thoe hospital yesterdaiy.
A ioM1I.ETE( coitD)ON.
Manila, Fob. 13.-4:05i. p. m.--The
T'wentieth Kansas and tihe First Jida
volunteers have been recalled fronm
the marsh landis nmorth of Malabon,
mind the former regirnout us now en
trenched in front of Caloocan. VTho
American lines form a (comleto cor.
(Ion, 22 miles in length, fromi the
coast nlorth almost to Paset qua, south
TLhore huas boon1 no change in to
day's positionm of the troops, except
that the Fourth United Staten cavalry
has relieved the First Idaho volun
triers and a battalion of the Twenty
third infantry hats been15 sttioned on
the left flank to prevent the rebels
Rne.aking along thie beach.
The enemy are busy throwing up
nlt renchmnents on their loft, sharp
shooterm in the jungle covering thoiu
Several A roaricanm mnen mon u,le
in the trenches. Second Lieutonant
Geo. A. Seaman Battery B. Utah
artillery, was shot in the log whilo
standing near his gun. Four men,
of tho Twentioth Kansas voluotoers
wore wounded slightly. Lastnight
Privato Brinton, Co. B. and Private
S,oven of Co. 0. Twentioth Kansas,
FILIPINOs AND TIREl LEADEFR.
Manila, Feb. 4. via Hong Kong
Feb. 13.-Nativo papers assort that
at a conference at Malolos on Tlhurs
day, Febrnary 2, Aginaldo's gen
orals potition for anl imiediato and
formal decluration of war. Aguin.
aldo refused to comply, on the
ground that he had prcimised the
foreign consuls at Manila tihat wiar
would niot bo declared without. duo
TilED 'TO IRE SPANIAlRDQ.
Lo- dou. Feb. 13.-lionter's Tel.
ogram company, limited. has roceivod
he following dispatch fronI Manila,
dated February 1 1, 3;15 p. im.:
"After the captu,o of Culoocan it
Spaniard who had boon at prisoner1
there Caime to I h) A mericias, hold
ing up his 11111(18, aind Said that the
Filipinos had offored to release the
Spaniards, especially the artillery
nO, if they woul undertako the
fight against tho Americans il. $4 at
day. Most of the Spaniards refusd,
and even those who accepted the
offer did Ko in the hopo of Offecting
"'The rebels, according to thi- inl.
formation, aro discoutentel, Ih3 to lis
manic wafers being of no avIkil
against wounds, hunger and fatigue.
"Oi Fri(ay Aguiniallo visited
Polo, a few miles northwest of (,all
oocfan, ndd k1rossel the Filipino
troops therof claiming that he had
won a victory, and asserting that
2,300 Americans had been killed."
DEWEY IEPORTS ALSO.
Washington, Feb. 13.-A dispatch
also cimo from Admiral Dowey toll
ing of the capture of the city. It
was a brief recital of the facts in the
Caso, but it is said contained substan
tially tho saie information a1s that
sent by Gen. Otis. It was sont to
the depariient and is expected to
be made public in the morning.
MiltlC.TaOU11111C FORt NIP,%L.
Itut orm of Som listhig wroeig WilIla tii
Accsounis-AIjanamsig lio Ir of An
Anderson, S. C., Feb. I 1.--Sorimus
trouble is brewing in1 rotor circles
here, owinrg to the conduit ion of lif.
fuairs in the oflice of Superintenidenit
of thle State Pen itentiarry WV. A.
Neal, wVho wasi de'fonlted for re'lectioni
It is staitedi onl whait appearsii t.o be
auiithiorit y tha t all is niot wvell wvith his
accounrts. A genlerail uphva now
Colonel Neial is now here., 1havinrg
come from CJo! lmbia yesl eruday in
compjaniy with Ji.. 5. F'owlier, WV. Q.
Hlammrrond, S. 11. Watson and1( other
lessoesi) of convicts, wthose cont ract s
were in dlanger of revocat ion l v thle
boaird of directors now ini si'oonI.
Tlheise three genitlIemiien are also(
NeaIll's bondsrnon, andi it, is sid cre<l
itors. A numbiher oif the cont ract.s
woroen revokedl for irre*gular-itie*s,
among them Wautson's, who is
chanrgedl fior i trooi years hire, WVat son
beinrg t he unminal owner of t he WV.
A. Nel! planttions11 ini Andiersonl andi
1'ickonis counlrt Iis. It, ii saiid ti ho
lossees lire still chalrg(ed large armount s
for tbe annual hiro of convict s for
wvihi t hey hothl recaei pt. Mri.
F'owler is t.he only oriin who could be
seen this umorning. Ile was very
reticent and1( would neither atlirmi or
dleny, but said he had ai sat isfact ory
settlomoant with the boairdl of 1lessnes.
Nearly all are chargedl withI aIpplying
p)roduicts of the staite to their inii
vidual accounts here, gi vinig official
receipt for sale. Neal hias been a po0
tent, factor in State and1( county 1po1i
tics for a number of years, wieldini
tremndous influence. H e is known
as the "Mark Halnna of South Caro
To OCare ~ 1dIa Oniian Night
Take Van Lear's Cold Capsules for La
G ri ppe. Conghls arid C ols; 12 doses '2
cents at all dru(its. Garated to
cure or mioney~ refunded. t&ff6m
OA KIN ACI' l''5 'KINOC.Y (IKis.
Atlowlea. i t hminal ne Othe'r Stitierip
Oilleto NSr 1llm Hmuny-lkst-K Nivt
14111t vo K Man hsoidt IO
(Now York Times.)
Not contont with having already
givon more t han 11;,000,001) to est ab
lish froo libratris aintd insti lit.ions of
at kindrecd iture, Androw Carnegio
halts promised, or plannlled, tho ex.
livndituiro of $2,000,000 moro along
tho t11111o linko. 111. litest gifts of a
2),)()000 dollars froo librarv to ite
city of Wasiniigion, ai 101),000 dot.
lars free libry to the c o f Atlan
tit, iid the proffered gift. inl kintd to
tho city of Rillitmond, ii.diit t hat
the Scotch-Amerivan millioniro att,
turinm his ph'liII hi r ie iat tilnt ion
"I know of o 1et th'tr uso of Hur
plus lvthl thit, lorthnei rich mni
(.anl malitko than tho bestowll of it
ulponl Souithornk comiunilitios willing"
to do moilhinig for themillsolves,
idd Mr. Carnegie to ia roportor for
th Now York 'imos:, reforrinlg to
his mlor roec velt donalltionsm. III this
MUr. Crnike it in lino Witi th
C<MrSO purtuod by tho late Geoorgv
1. 84-niy, whlo vHtliblisheld mnany im
provolmeitH 8 onii41mlalrgoment(its of t1dn1
catiollid inlstitut(ions inl tho South1,
alnd also thilt of Cornmelhis Vandal
bilt, to whoso 111111o the Ii'l rlht
iiver-ity at Nashville, 'eI ssee,
staInd Is at 1110111111ent..
Asked how he conlo to hm aittraceted
toward Atiataii with respect to Iii
reent gift. to that city,. M r. Carne1lgiv
said: "I hnavo h(min ploas.d n14 lil th
ltvly to Klotieo tho plubliv Spint of
that communitiliy; how Itrnl in
sipporl. of tht American constiait.ion
thosI people are, fuld(1 how inl accord
With tho Soit.inwimIL of Washingionl's
fir-Owel1 adITess wtrnliig I11 IgailAt
a1111 ngleltnnts wit Wi forvign niations.
The patriotism displayed by tho peo.
plo of the Soul at1]1 thio AtllaK1ta ponlee
jibil o wits notaiblo. I 111v obseorved
thwso things, fild I felt. t.hat I would
liko to help thoso pvoplo if I cotl.
.1 halid somin correspondonce with oir
agont it Atlanta concerning th'
library 1.hereo. Thoen I detorminled
to givo at builhing for tho libriry if
the city wouild agroo to approprilto
ri00 annualmlly for- its mnainlimnaneo.
I llver givo an thing for nothllinlig.
It is mlly faith to lpi-11) thiviim who hIel
thomso-lves. h'li Atlanta peolOc
agremd to do this, amd it. wasi at hatppy
(iy ill my life won I wst into co
pirtnrship withhe vity of Atlanta
Sit (y that Sitlds for so 11111h in
I it' upbuliling of thio New Sout11h."'
Ini Ihis connec('tion1 there is an 11in
ti'restinrg story that, tells ho(w All
cdrow C arnegio cameil to fito pmti1111
ciilatrly' the plan11 of g iv ing froo libra11
lies mhore tha ani lly otheir public1 ~in
"Whlenz I wais a1 hardn work(ing li
downVK thler' inl Alleglheny, P.onnu.,
sonI whio annllonnKeedon daI (iy thiit he
wonIhIl be iln his ollict' ery' SaLtur<nct
to lend11 books1 fromu his pIrivaltolilirr
one~ of the1 1boys wVho 1(ook atdvanItai
of his geneirous (ll'r. hi 11k'nlyibt
ie ml whini I was1 to> ) oor to hu,
book)1s Kmysel f. Is it. anly w(ondcer tha m
I dcided1(4 thein and lther thatOI ii if (evI
1 had1( it1ny1 supluls wea(lthI I wvoui
useic it. inl leinhig boo)ks to (,I heir
gic', "t.hat1 noI 11mu1 shoiEc boar
moneKIiy ml his lifelien KIt) l d01 ii r:ceI
It is myl fait h that 4very num11 shom11
1h0 t be( admliinlistraltor of h is ownI eI'
t.ao ndeiic dlisp1os( of hiis weaitIh ini
uiscfiul way be'fore o lielis. I ha
IlVi lie ought I to put, it surph-1111
wit'1.h out wheOre it. VI wIllkie I
inl pe4rfcet luil-elity toI tis Sil,l
crceed,is111 atsled hy the followiK
list (If hiis gifts IbesIow) npon 11111 con1
To thew Carn eg i(o istitt, P~itt
bu rg, $2,000t,(0t00:(l(II ndoweKit of tI
same110I istitute1, $1 ,00 0,(000t; Canee
.inlst itule at Al lihony, $30(0,00)
.I0hn11tnwnI lihra , a $300 n.0 l"
field, low", $.10,000; Braddock insti
t. ,$")>0M,000; 1101m102tPlnd instdituIte,
$>00,)000; Dn<(llemilo ilu-tituto, $,-00,
000; Bellovuo medical college, $70,
000; Groonsbiirg library, $00,000;
Pit' m rg observatory, $20,000;
W ashington library, $250,000; Penn
sylvania Stato cullogo library, $100,
000; l'dinbirg library, $250,0)0;
Dunformiliin (Scotlhad) library,
$,o000; l)unfo milino Technical
schiool, $50,000; A% r (Se tland) libru -
ry, $t>,000; 8tirlg library, $30,
000; Abordeon library, $5,000; JOd
burg librnrv, $'10,000; Inverness I
brary, iN,500; Wick hbrary, $15,000;
Peterhead library, $5>,000; Dumfrios
library, $>0,000; making a total of
liv41s thiis,1Ir. Carnegio has nOVI
olitstanding promises of $2,000,000
fOr librAriVS Anid Mlnilatr int.ittIon11-,
and it is this last. $2,000,000 which
1aughingly ho says has put himli '11
dvbt." "Bit," hto addild, ittlml'od at
the humor of his own r,miark, "with
(ho continliluation of the prelint ic
tivity in steol, I iopo to bo aible to
TiIU: IMo FREEICZE IN ri ' l' tC.
I'wo 1).-gro,r nelabw ro,,no Far Smilli s44
(Spocii (o Now.s and Courier.)
1Iloronvo, FobruarY1ry 14. - - - Tho
wyeatiwr li-t night broke all previous
records, aid as farl ais I cal learn
froi the oldest. citizons it Wii t.he
colih-mt. ovor known ill this part of
them coIIIt I.. Th 1,1 Govornment
weithv' obsrvor at this placo ro.
orIs it it. 2 degrees bolow zoro, or 10
degrees lower than i any previous re
cords. Laist. niight. tho tidvi cloarod
and toda,y has bwoln a lovely one.
Tho Warm still fitarted the Hinow to
moling, bit, it, is frozon hard again
tonliglt.. Florene1 is Htlforing froin
a1 Y,od faimino. The wood yarid
aro otit and those who dopond on
the wagonis from the country for
wo0d are cut off vintiely, for none of
themvil canl get inl. It, einnot be
bought. for lovo or money. Those
who have inly airo giving it to the
poor or londing it to neighbors. An
old nogro woman wasH picked upl in
tho strmts last night very early
frozen to deait. The suffering
aimong the nigrous is groat.
SEVIN HEi.OW AT EINEMFON.
Calioun, Iobruary I.4.Tho thor
momMtor att th(i wouthwr bureati at
ClInson rogistored 7 (egrees holow
Zero a, t o'clock this 1n1mning. Tllis
is th coldest, woather oxporionced
t(lnce(. T'lh counitry is white wvith
snow~%, t hioughI81 molg todaly.
An insp) i rig aniecdotoe of thie crisis
of a life is reIlattedl by the( JExaineii(r.
'"Not hinzg better coldil hatppeni to
t he younrg man17 who has1 the( right
kind of grit thani to ho thrown on
thue world and3( his owni resourcos. A
wvell- -d1( judilge 01nco gave h1 is f so SI,
0001 and1( tohl himi to) go to colh ge
and1( gradt(1oit. Th'e son 'ii roued at
all gonie, and( V wih soveraiXlxtra va
gent habi ts8. A t thel co o of thei V v
catio the li judlge lid to his son
t ell, William, aIre you going to
c'>llei go th is year 'I hav no(l11 mione(y
f:.t horii,' 'But ~i3ve you $1,0)0 ito
ary wel, 113y son,; it is all I couild
giv you; 03 you1ca't1 stauy borie ; youl
mullst no0w pay3 your1 o2wn way in I ho
worIh(.' A no0w light broke upon
the31 vi'ion of th yi'~ ounrg man11. lio
algin left homes, n,ado4 his8 wiay
throug 1o4bge, g 11ruated at thle
hea'd oIf t het chos8 134 si( ied la, became(11
aigovernor of 113he Stato11 of Newv York,
enltered4( the4 Cainei 1(t of thle P)resident31
8of the1 1 'nited State's, anid has maido
at record' thiit will not. 8oon dlit, for~ he
was11 no. (other, thiini Willinm H1.
g ~ e,p-, F..r Ing,,r4bIi.
Thorin is. iihp for Bob Ingersoll
t. yet. When lie found out31 just h)oforo
his lec'ture ini (Carl in8vill, Ill., thle
s. ohther ovening that a local manager
had disapere ith helion's shatre
of the~ rece'ipt for the affir hie suip.
p)llment1ed3 his orationi with the re0
mari1l4k, "'If t hero is 330 hell1 there
r. ought. (4) be.'