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t 1 F 6eWBeRR 1 eratb anD
ESABLISHED 1865. _ _ NEWBERRIY, S. C., FRiDAY, AUJG UJS'T 25, 1891). TWICE A WEEK,S.OAYR
H1OW MANUFAUTUtICRS WILL UIVE
1AK1MtIRS A MAtKIECr.
Factories Furnish UonsunerK-Sout hern
Agrioulture Will be enrilteil by the
Increase of Manufacturtng
laute In tihls sectiln.
(An address delivered by T. H. Mar
tin, oditor of "Dixie," at the an
nual meeting of the Georgia State
Agricultural Society, Quitlman, Ga.,
AuBust 9, 1899.)
Mr. President and members of the
State Agricultural Society:
The subject upon which I shall
address you is at hackneyed one.
The independence of agriculture and
manufacture is a topic upon which
ocfonmists and politicians have talked
and written since timo began, and I
am fully aware that I assume a diffi
cult task in trying to interest this in
telligent body of muon by threshing
over straw that has been through the
machine so many times before.
Though the topic itself is an old
one, it is full of truth that we should
understand better than we do today,
and if by practical illustration I can
make this truth planor; if I can
bring it home, so to speak, and make
it apply to conditions and to daily
doings here in Georgia, I shall be
satisfied and my purpose will have
I am going to make a few con
parisons, and some of them will be
disagreeable. I am going to point
out some of the difFerences between
the agriculture of Georgia and the
agriculture of some of the States
that do not enjoy nearly so many ad
vantages of soil and climate. I will
not make these comparisons from the
standpoint of an outsider, come to
criticize the doings of a people in
whom he feels no interest. I am a
Georgian, and stand at this moment
within a few miles of the childhood
days were spent here in Brooks
county, but before I was old enough
to have a voice in the matter, my
father moved to the North, and the
days of my boyhood were spent on a
farm in Chatauqua County, Now
York. My life on that farm was no
poet's dream. Until I was 1) years
of ago I worked constantly as a farm
laborer. I learned thoroughly the
productive possibilities of an acre of
land, and I learned quito as well the
methods of toiling that would accom
plish the best results with the least
possible labor. I discovered the
styles of plows and cnlivators tbat
would do the most elTectivo work and
leave the least to be done with the
hoe, or by hand. I discovered the
styles of harvesting mnachinory that
1(1 cut the widest swarthus and
,rain in the neatest hun
the least possible expenidi
*y on the part of tIle
als required to op)eraite
cessful farming in that
.e(nded largely upon01 the
ros of lab)or-saving impllle
lnce every farmer became,
tro degree at least, an expert in
ue of high class farm machmn
In like manner the question of
crops wvas studied. A p)articulatr
picce of land was wvell suited to cab
bages or cauliflowvers; aniot her to
small fruits; another to wvhoat or
other grains, atnd still another to
corn. All conditions woere studied,
and the farm was seeded, as fatr as
p)ossible, upon a scientific basis.
But aside from thme methods in
vogue, there was a general policy
carried out by the farmers of that
section that impressedi me deeoply.
It seemed very ridiculous to me as a
boy, but I can understand now that
it wvas the cornerstone upon which
the growth and dlevelop)menlt of that
country was founded. The policy
that seemed so strange t.o me then
wvas that the farmer had lno ambition
to mako money. Every energy in
him wasI devoted to the work of im
proving his possessions. The money
doeriveod from the saleoof the prodneits
wvas reinvested imnmediately to inm
prove lands, stock and buildings.
The prosperous far-mer wvas not the
man who bad money in bank or who
money made from the farm. He
whom all respected was the man who
sold from year to year an increasing
valuation of products from the same
acreage, whose stock was improved
and increased from year to year and
whose farm buildings wore kept in
perfect order and added to according
to the ever-increasing ratio of his
production. Thus impoverished
lands were built up and made more
valuable from year to year, for the
farmer had pride in his profession
and had intense satisfaction of his
skill and ability.
As I have said, my information
regained at second hand, but through
farmers of the North was derived in
a thoroughly practical way. It was
not gained at second hands, but
through personal experience. I know
t' at farming of a divoisified charac
ter can be maintained and the pro
ductiveness of lands increased from
year to year, because I have taken
part in the work as it progressed.
For years I walked in the furrows of
a Northern farm. 1 worked con
stantly from sun to sun and watched
the splendid developmuernt that I have
Now comes the other side of the
story. After fifteen yours of life on
a western New York farm, I found
myself suddenly transplanted to a
small farm in Cobb County, Georgia.
I awoke to a true realization of the
situation in just about ten minutes
after the terms of my employment
had been agreed upon. I was given
a mean looking little mule and a
plow-the like of which I had never
seen before-and told to break up a
piece of new ground. I had plowed
many a day with two horses and a
stool plow cutting four inches deep
and ton inches wide, turning the soil
completely over the lapping the fur
rows as neatly as seems ini a carpet,
but the little mule, the "bull tongue"
and the "plow-stock" puzzled me.
When I reached the new ground and
began operations I felt that the real
battle of life was upon me. What
with the innate cussedness of the
mule, the general prevalence of black
jack roots and the seemingly determ
ined purpose of that bull tongue to
scoot away on a mission purely its
own, to say nothing of the broiling
southern sun, I was soon convinced
that my farming experience of the
past was simply a pleasant dream
and that I was now struggling with
the real thing. It was to me a sort
of agricultural nightmare.
I remained on the Cobb County
farm for three mlonlths. I was there
in the capacity of a farm laborer,
and I don't ind admitting to you
that I got enoulgh of it. I believe to
this (lay that I did mnore work during
my three monthls sojourn in Cobb
County than 1 had done during thle
entire fifteen years spent on tihe New
York farm. It .seemed to me that
everything was done in the most dif
ficult way tihat could( be devised, and
then it was such a tiresome, monot
0onous sort of wvork; simuply a strLug
gle to produce a givenl number of
bales of cott.on. Every interest anid
every othler cr-op must be sacrificed
to cotton. This diversity, so inter
esting to a boy on thle Northern farm,
was lacking entirely. I grew tired
of it~ anld qulit.
I (lid wvhat thousands of Georgia
boys hiad (lone before. Thousands
have driftedl away from tile farm
since. They are leaving ov.ery (lay
and they will conltinue to leave until
a revolution is wvor-ked iln the poli
cies and methods of farm life in
H-ow is thlis revolution to be worked ?
Diversified agriculture will work it.
But you say that there is nothing
newv in this proposition, anld I con
fess that you are right. Diversified
agriculture has1 become a hlackneyed
phrase. The farmers of Georgia
hlave heard little else for the past
twenty-five years. The wviso men
have declared it from the housotops.
Editors have writ ten long articles
upon01 the necessity of diversified aig
riculture, and ministers of tihe gospel
descant knowingly upon the subject.
Tinder existing conditions, it is uIt
torly senseless to talk 1mboult diversi
flod( agriculture here ill the Soulth as
it exists in tile Northern m.ae.
There is something else that mutst.
come before diversified agriculture
will bo pcasible, and that something
else is diversified market, and that
market munst be a constant iuarket;
demanding year in and year out an
enormous supply of staple food pro
ducts. It must be a local market.,
because the things that make farm
ing profitable must be sold without
expensive transportation. Think of
a Georgia farmer with a thirty-acro
field of cabbage or a fifty-acre field
of potatoes ready f-i the market.
Can you imagine a more helpless
mortal ? Yet the Northern farmer
finds no trouble in marketing a like
quantity of cabbage or potatoes. I-e
may not got a satisfactory price for
them, neither does the Southern
farinr get a satisfactory price for
his cotton, but there is :ways a mar
kot for it, and a market price ts well.
In the same way thore is always a
market and a tr0et price in the
Northern States for all products of a
farm, whereas the Southern farmer
would find it almost impossible to
dispose of his cabbages and potatoes
at any price. Ie would become dis
gusted in the effort, and the products
would probably rot where they had
Now we come to the all importan.
qluestion: Why is it that there is
practically an unlimited market in
the Northern States for tle diversified
products of agriculture ? The ques
tion is easily tnswered. Thore ex
ists in that section t great industrial
army that iust be fed. Nearly ono
third of the population of the north
ern and central Western States draws
its support from the shops and fac
tories that are scattered throughout
the territory. No wonder there is a
market foo food products. Abolish
the factories and workshops of the
North and the farmers of that soc
tion would have to fall back upon
one or two staple products that
would stand long transportation.
They would have to be governed by
the same natural laws that control
Southern agricultural interests today,
and the outcome would 'be identical
The sum of it all is this: Southern
farming will never prosper until we
have a diversified agriculture; diver
sified agriculture will be impossible
until we have t diversified market,
and a diversified market can come
only when we manufacture here in
the South tho raw products of our
soil, our mines and our forests.
We dig the oro from our mines,
make it into pig iron, atnd ship it
awaty. We raze out- foreosts to the
gr-oundl, and ship the timber i ivay.
WVe exhaust our splendlid . ies to
produce cotton, and this, too, is
shipped away. These gr-eat sttaplo
products tall leave the South tis raw
materials. Our ir-o", our timber and
our cottoni go to northlernI and
European factories. We dlelve for the
treasure and deliver it to othlers wvith
out ransom or reasonable profit.
Did you ever stop) to consider whiiat
the South loses thr-oughi her failure
to manufacture her raw malerials at
home? The estimate is easily made.
We knowv what it costs to convert a
tonl of pig iron inIto merchlantable
pr1oducts. We know what it costs to
convor-t a thousand feot of lumber
into furniture anId other commodities.
We kno1w what it costs to mtanufac
ture a bale of cotton into cloth, and
we know, too the amount of labor
necessary for these several operations
andI the wtages thait wvould be earnied
b)y tihe men engtaged in the work.
So tile calculation is a simple one.
Here are tihe figures, andi( I conlfess
to you thtit they astonish me wheni I
added up the totals:
Includling only thle three items of
cottom, pig iron and lumber, the
annual p)rodluct of the southlern
States has a market value of $55t),.
000,000. Of this, Southern factories
and shops utilize an tinnulal valua
ti:>n of $60,000,000. Of these three
articles of raw mtaterial there is
shipped out of the South ever-y year
a valuition of $-490,000,000. An
army of 1,500,000 men-citizons of
other States anId countris--is omi
p)loyedl to mlanufactulre thle rawv ma
terial shipped from tile South. This
army is paid an atnil wago of
Think whac it would mean if
$3'15.000,000 were added annually to
the pay-rolls of the South, and if you
can realizo tll iiilmousity of thoso
figures, remember, as well, that 90
per cont, of t he money paid to wage
oarners is expeondvd inulnediatoly for
food and clothing. Think, too, what
it would mean if I,500,000 souls
wero added to the populaotio of the
South, and this an honest, iiidustri
o1s, solf-sustaining class of people.
And why should not all this come to
pass ? Why should we go on rob
bing the southern treasure fields and
cheating ourselves out of the profits?
\'hy not inanufacture our raw ma.
terials hero in the Soul ii ?
I wish it wore pos:"iblo to pass a
law that would preveit the sale of
Goeorgia products leyold tho hor
ders of the State until they were
imanufactured into usable articles and
ready for the con-umier. Such a
law would be a real blessing, for it
would guarantoe employment to an
army of sturdy wage earners, and the
daily needs of those imlen wouild, inl
turn, establish a local market for
varied farm products; then the great
economic wheel would be complete.
All itorests would prosper because
all would have a distinct mission to
Time was, whehn Southern lands
were fertile and labor was controlled,
that we could devote our whole at
tontion to the production of a single
commotldity, but that iday is gone,
and we are face to face with the
problem, not of making money, but
of making a living on our faris.
Five-cent cotton will not koop body
and soul together, aid the prospects
are that five-cent cotton has come to
stay. We know, too, that our lands
are growing less proluctivo and less
valuable every year nuder the pres
ent system of farming. Every can
did mian must adimit that the situa
tion is desperate. One hears the
question constantly: What is to
become of the farmers of Goorgia?
I have taxed your patienco and
your good nature by telling you how
our Northern brother conducts his
farm, but this was done to prove the
imposstbility, rather than the possi
bility, of optatiig a Southorn farm
in a like manner so long as general
conditions remain as they are today.
But lot me rem im1( you that reforms
come slowly. Thore is now io ado
(11111to market in the South for thtu
diversilied products of agriculture,
but the market is b)etter' than it was
ton years ago, and( it will impilrovo)
steadily from tim tiumu on. It will
improve because5 we ate going into
tile buasiness of t he manu factu ring
hlere ini the South. Thiiis is thie logi
cal and only way out of ouri pros~ent
dilemmai. If we don't create a 1home1
market we are done for-, and( a 1hom11
market cani be crettd only by t he
dlevolopmient of mianuufactuorinlg in-*
dustries and thie enlistmilent of a great
wage-earning army that will draw its
su pport from t hose factocries and1( feed
upon tile varied pIrodlucts of ouir
A better day is dlawing, and( this
better (liy will be uishoered ini by tie
merry music1 of Ihumliminlg factory
wvheols. Oui- idle lands wvill be0
called( back to life antd usefulnelss4.
Th'Ie farm-gardens of thle NorthI will
be dutplicated here ini t.he Southi. TIho
best1 labor-saving maich iner-y t hat thie
genius of moan can~ devise will be
u-sed, for every acre of our land will
be tilled and thle inigeuiity of our pieo
pie will be tatxed to siupply13 the ove
increasinlg demand1t~s o,f our local
mlarket. We wvill dliscolunt the liar
vests of the North, because we arl,
blessed with aii betteor climiianto. We~
may labor out of dloor-s thlroughiout
the entire year', and our1 harvest OX.
tends from May to D)ecembher. I tell
yout, my friends, tht tihis bet ter (liy
is dlawnin '. I hoseOchl y'ou to waitchi
its progress an(d take alvalty eo
its opplortunit.ies. Stuidy wvell its pos
sib)ilities and keep) htep ini(1 ti ar'ch
of progress. Lot no0 mtarkot demand
go uinsupphied. If wol (d0o tis, and1(
if we wcrk in the sunllighit of this
[now regitno, a sulccessfl agr-icu tlturo
w~ill be ro-ostabilishedl antd tall wvill be
wvell liain here in Gom-ga.
COLON El. NEAL.'S CASE.
Atton Agitat H ia, Wil Hgitn Itn Next
(Special to (1reonvillo Nows. )
Columblia, S. ('., August 22.-Ac
tion against ('olonol Noal will bo
taken within thte next, fow days.
1it has written to tho Attorney
ionoral and (lovernor to say that he
would havo boon hero before to inlakr
a sett.looeet, tndi will do So its s0)on
Is Liwyor Bogg returln"ns from .3n''
'The atut Ioritios will not wait oil
himl), but g, to work on their 1aso
anti ho Caln settl this week as ho in
dicates, 1)11t tho authorities will pro
coed and not wait on imo.
Bears the iho Kind You Have Alwas Bought
I'rout in Whe,al.
(Nows and C"ourier.)
A practical exhibition of the profit
of wheat. growing iin (1eorgta, says
tho Soulthern Field, is givon in the
following Iratscrit. of it account,
which lossrs. Moor & \orshamu, of
Bibh County, keplt of their crop of
10 bus1he1- 5eccl Wheat at,
125 h)ushcls cotton seed
at 12 1-2 cents........... 15 2
I'rcpari n1g landt an,l
5Cew.ing..................i 1) 0)
larvestin g................. 10 00
'.I'h r1es1 i .................. 12 0o
1801 htishlaIs wIhaeat. at,.5e.. *I:I5 01
3 tons st,raw at. $' .......... 21 01
-- - $15) 10
Net. proli t............ .. . . $11 i:
This is i fair average account. we
believo. 'ThIo yi( (l of IS luishl's por
acre in above tho averago yield in
this section, it. is (rle, but, tIho p)rico
of 75 conts a bushel is lower U1han
the average price in this section, so
that the t.wo itouis togther repitesont
a fair averago Crop() on tonl acres, as
13 .1.2 bushels per acro at $ I it
b>ushol would give tho sainto result ili
Taking tho account oi this )1sIH,
then, it is soon that. t crop of 13 1-2
bushels of wheat por acro iays at.t the
rate of $11) per aero, which is a fair
retirt ott (le inlvestrieti. Evont $.)
fin acro pays )ettor tihan cotton,
which is the point l that interests niost.
of our fariters.
'lho crop) of wvhet wias ntat alit that
A[essts. MIoore & \Vorshain got, fromn
thei r ten acres, htowever. To $ 14)1.:38
net profit fron ihe whetat. is t.o ho
added a.l'i 1 not ofit of $50) for hay
grown 1)1 upo th sarno harid,"' riakintg
t he totail cleani profit 81I d.:3)), or
$ 15. I 3 po acro.
llow ntiulch cottont, at a cenats ia
pound1(, woubl 1b ret iuired to show
thea sautno "pirofit" anay cotton) Ciaier
cuaun estiinatt for himself. We sup-)
j>Oso, Itow(ver, it is fair to say' tant.
at least thIroe bab110 per acre wvotuld
be0t( riuirted to show theii miano prol)i I
as th1i~irtentshtels oif wheat. at $1 a
bus1hel1, atnd a ncumaber of farmters at
lthe M acon WV hieat Con aveunt ion repo rt.
ed yields av(eratgintg from 84) to 85
C .. &T OrL. .A..
Bearm the The Kindi You laa Always B3oughl
A.A. Unartauenter, ac Charbaethaa an bebt, of Ana
ih ~ion, ines.
Andaersont, S. C., Aug. 22. A. A.
C arpin t.or, a well t )oldo fartmaerm livinag
neaifr borow, dieds yesterd ay for 4 the la(ck
of maedicatl at tettion.
hot waslt a Ch'lristian Scietist itand
treftised I 41o aOit 4 't erti of phl ysic.iat as
or of his farnaiIy.
For Infants and Children,
The Kind Yort Have Always Bought
*~Ani w a k ey liabitu
tArl A Me wih.
out pin god ofar
t 0u tases
Wi i'iO1l1'1 All) 01' t(ONS T'A ItI.ti:,
Munlelilti AnthrIlee arte t Wil1ting to in.
rorce I)limnp1try ,itw.
(Tho Stato, 22nd.)
(iov. M1icSwenoy seemsS to h 1) 11uch
impressed with tho gratifying an.
swers to his cotuttruication to Itty
01r lind intedtalnts. _In tcl(ljtioll
to tho letters heretoforo receivo(d, lie
liardl from tho following mu1nicipal
V. I. \Vildler, St. Stephon0's; E. 1t.
1-1ucl: ing trI), Ellh'nton; ( ill .3a1rnot t,
l.'acoiot; IA. C. Inuglis, ltiunbe1)rg; It. Hl.
The gonera lt no011r of 1ltso let t'Irs
is to the 0lkiet that tho II till ie ipal
aulthoritIs aro willing ard feel
cotnlpot, to onforce( tho dlispe nsary
law wvithout. tho aid of the contst11b)u.
Soine of the nungist rate's are bc
ginllng to aniswer the lotIr asking
thn. for thoir H11o)rt. Il agist rate
T. (. Dlischer of C(harlestont writes
that. ho ilts issu1id .1,0()1) sealirch watr.
rants, lbout, t wo .thirds of the ontir
1111i1nber plieod inl the hands of con
stables ill (larlesto:.. I lo clatillis
that for this raison his juirisliction
hits ben curtnileI.
aI itgistratlo I '. 11. Al c(towan of
SpaLriai)ur g writes that, "the t.roul
Ilo her0toforo lis b' 1)0011 that ilanty
of tho caioses Inual by the Stato con
stablHs woro I'tumpel iu1), vhile the
hona litdo violators of the law, went
unmuolestoid. lIo suggests that1 tho
per1'ilatetic conlstiatlulary ' llbolish( d1
atndl nuagist.rates and th('ir conAtalIc.
bo ohn1owered to tnforo the hiw
without, addcilionatl pay.
'Thin Fitr'n r 'rose.,'r,.l.
I)1versilied fiar-minrig and the rais
rig of Iono u1pplit's on the fialirl
will bring lros)pority to Gleorgin.
Hero s a list of things ralued on o
farin ini (01orgia this year:
]IIIy, corn, hamsn, pigs, chickecns,
so island cotton, casalivat, I)0'po r,
cushatws, bacon,r turloys, eat tie, gooe,,
oggs, cotton, ht'ggar wood, colhards,
oat(H, p)0annis, 1)1unpk)inS, inillet,
sugar can11, Hyrll), rye, peairs, p 1ota
tooH, sorg;hum, g;rapesl whoatt, John
sonIl grass, )011e5, 1 cat V ies, ard,
witerielons, rico, kalir corn.
It is in(dltss to say thalt this
farnmer iad his Iutuily hatd Ilty to
out. andl woar and1 Hom0 Hpatr0 mom>yW%
bl!si1es. It, 1(11 is an1 Ill] cotton crop,
tho diifloronco boinlg exactly thalt
wh ich ex ists httwoon povert y an1
farmiers will haiv' 14) ltearn soone1tr or
hItter, and1( (1( lie)sooner they lteatrn it t hit
1) 0 ( 1 frGr orM m ee y
(Sp'ciatl to (Iroottvillte News. )
C olumbhia, S. (C., Ag n 22.'~--Th-1 11
Stato( coni stabular1ity unde (ilt overnoortit
M~cSwootniy for .July, thiity-ftourti nit'n,
The smiallter foree did its much('l
work and he d as~tt 1 litrtge retsul ts its
d1id the lar ge~r force.
1.0(it- Enset5, itowe j~ti o b4 le shaikenl
now)'~ shoes fool ('isy' ; givtes inist an11
gretst't com))fort di scovery'. AllIen'
grow~intg naiils, swe'a'Ltng, hot , iach im,
by dlru)ggists, gr'ocer'.s, soe alore's 1114
mlilil for~ 2.) ets. in sltoips. A<lre'os
Ni%o Jouarid tl, and lliyjii .
1)o)un ds, grw b. ii y Mr.. .J. C. PrneiIe
the4 Columitai Statb one4 ilay Iast
thmnti ats follows: Tlhroo load(s of lit
manureit' and1( 24) Ioundits of cornmruor
(citl fort ilizer' ptr acro01. lie shiijipd
thtree carIs of choico mielons, and1(
s1ice till ntirkt hats been'1 too flt to
wartrat,i shtippintg, hIe ha15s iosed oif
tnmbeirs of tIlt m0elons fron 'l i to
pountlds, iandt even1 now is talkitig sotol
fromi SOrno of OhiO (ihitiOna.li i'iteda;
Til111 11oU1C ACCU4r:l) MIEN (ILVi IONIr
IN M1,1111) 1AU11.
1*relinIn1ary of Alleged Whitecappers
WttI vcl-Anl Quiet in (Irvelnwood
-No Further Arrcele.
(Speciatl to 'ho Stuto.)
( Greonwood, Aug. 21.-1. J. Mc.
(aslan, Wim. Wilson, Jesso Corloy
and J oo .1onos, tho four mon charged
with coiplicity in tho rocont whito
1a1) outragos in this county, woero ar
raignewd l)eforo Migistrato Austin
for a proliminary hoaring this after
Tiho men011 wattived tho proliminary
and exp1ressed their roadiness to give
1)ond for thoir apI)oaranco at the cir
At tho re<quest. of Solicitor Sonso,
who wa'; )r"sent, tihe mItouint, of tho
bond for cach was fixed at. $1,000,
w "hich tho 11e11 promptly gavo and
woro relo1setl frotl custody.
Solicitor Sontso stated this aftor
nol)n that. at. t h Novoiubor torIa of
court ho would antt1d out indictmnents
chargintg the defolantst v: ithi riot,
conspiracy and assault, and battoty
with itntot to kill. The prolilninary
this afternoon attracted a largo n1
her of p)eoplo to town, including sov
orll hundred ne roes, but the day
passed oil <1(luiot ly. 'T'horo havo so far
I)ootl no furt.hor arrests in thel mat,
A CAPTURDI (JANNON.
w inl 84m )1 , 14 ne111.11 ti t Ihn slnto !4)u 4
\l11yor LipscOyon1b 1111 rocoivod it
letter from tho war dopartimlont, in
which is t ho following:
"Ini compllianlco with instructions
from tho honorl)lo tho secretary of
var, I huvo tho honor to inform y:,n
tlt, I have ihis diy directed the coml
nuinding oflico of th Now York ar.io.
nll to turn over to you, or to your
order, ono of tho ca)tulrod Spanish
"''tis cainon is doseribo(1 11 s ( 4
bronzo riflo and is marked as fol
"On baso ring, 'No. 3, 1 52 Sovillla
do Noviemlbio do I i; 13,' oi surfaco of
pioco, reinforco, '1V ;' oti surface of
1 i"''c, chase, 'ATel-hisuahl;' On left,
t.runinion, 'Clobros do Limia;' on right
IrIuitin, 'po. h,r)(0.'
'l'his clnion is mtoroly loaned to
tho Stuato 1111d to bn rot.lirned wiei
demtia is u11111lo thocrefore by tho sec
111ry of war.
"Tho condition of the lcoa n is that
t he gov rnment..... sh al1l1 b- at nO -
.\I ayor' Lipscomb11 has1 forwardedi a
receipt f1 or ill) cann11n anId Clierk111 Ta
iim'its to) hatve theo cannlIon tranIs
1*ortto J Coluiaj, wvhero it will be
A N UGi.v h1 ATTICIR IN ltAitI.lIoRcO.
I lP U*onIiel TIIIel JeI n,1 ( II nggy1*1 1) nd'
(Special to News and14 Courier.)
I kanott(11svil le, A ugust '?'~ *Yostor..
daly afternIlooni our Oi louty supervisor
tod04 aL boy) who had se1( rved1 a sontonce
impoosd by) the0 county, but11 wasl
govrnmentit for ton dalys, bohinid his
tookh thei b)oy, tiedl hbn1 fast ini roatr of
his baI Iggy, 1no10 1 on Y occupyin th1e val.
(111m t seat. by his~ md(o, and1( forced himi
to I rot. hlolllthindih bulggy for four
miiles. when the thIorrnlomotor wLs
peol'(j14 inl our1 tow aro 10i nidignanl t aIt
( i\emophis C ommeriOlcia-Appeal.)
he displosit.ioIi ill 80oi1(o <juartors
to aIcpJt. Mrl . 11lenry M' . Noil11 as tho
alrbitor of 1the Amellrican, cotton crop
is one0 of thiio iniost sinrgu lar froaks of
cilever guesor5t, and( thoro is1 n ore
reonIO why is guesses8O shouIld bo
permlittedI to fix thto price of cotton
thanr thloro is wh1y the p)redictions or
t ho Seventh Da )y Ad vontists should
be( regardled ais conic lsivye concorning
thio end of the wvorld. TIhis moan has
(done mloro damage to the Southern
nlatimtrs ii f.h t j)0t.ioJC,