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ESTABLef-SHIED 18,35* NEWBERRY. So C99 14111DAY, AILTUSrl 8,10.TWC)lEE,$()AYA
THAT "UNHOLY ALLIANCE.'
SECNATOt TILJLMA N FUItTIIgIt I)R.
VINEN WilAT II MAN10 TEl I1,1y.
flo RelterateN that Prolhibit.on1MsIa ahn(
nitI Tigers are Workilig Togetler
Against tii, Il-4pensary.
The following lottor is from Sen
Rev. J. 0. WilSo11, Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: I havo your lett4r of
July 22, asking if my speech at Ben
nottsville was correctly reported. I
do not recollect 1',o exact words I
used at Bnnttsvillo, but they are
in effoect true as -Ittotod; and inas.
Much ats lie diftri.-t conlferenco of
tho Methodist eiturch, under the
loadership of Bishop Duncan, has
takhn the matter up, taid tho Bishop
is reported to have "nailed" my ut
to. anco "as a lie," while the report
of the committee on temperance
"denounced any iniiinuation that tho
(.trt of Christia-mi nimisters and
other citizens to rii tho State of this
gigantic evil is a sought of voluntary
combination with tihe saloon element
asi a base slander. that is itself an
attempt to strong'ben the power of
this most damialble inigplity." I
Ill take the occasion offered b
80. Aour inquiry to make announcemont
o er my own rignaturo of what I
said and meant at ilonuettsville. Of
conse the reporte gave only the
I have no quarrl with the'minis
tors of any church or denomination
and have no purpose to givo oflenso
to any of them. I I-ave always borne
testimony to tho high character and
purity of purposS IbLracteriZing the
ministry, but I believo they are
wrong in lightirg tie dispensary law
a? they do, and I claim the right to
say so, acknowledging at the same
time their right to Froodom of speech
and freedom of political action on
this and every other subjoet.
I mentioned the attitude of the
ministers incidentally as an illustra
tion of the anomalovs political situna
tion. The ministers attack the dis
pensary because it does not go far
enough, and the high license people
and the blind tigers, whom I desig
nated as the "old bar keepers," at
tack the dispensary becanso it goes
too far. They are thus found light
ing side by side in the campaign.
There is only on,) candidate in the
field for Governor opposed to the
disl ensary, Col. Hoyt, and all of
these elemeits are a.lliod in his sup
por, and the proof is that Charles
ton in the last gurbernatorial elec
tion voted for Mr. Fieatherstone and
prohibition, when it is notorious that
the whiskey element in that city is
predominant and th ( the dispensary
lawv is not enforced, mainly by
reason of the lax morals of the
grand jurors, who have failed to dis
charge their duty uinder their oaths.
Colonel Hoyt last winter in his pa
per, the Mountaineer, urged coalition
between the high liconse peCople and
the Prohibitionists in the General
Assembly in order to repeal the dis
pensary law. Clonel H-oyt seeks
the Governor's of2eo and of course
wants votes. I aem opposed to his
election solely on these grounds and
called attention to the elements sup
porting him. There muay be no open
t'alliance," and technically I may
have been in error in asserting it,
but I think it permissible to declare
all the supporters of any one candi
dato "allies," and if thie Methodist
minister who accused mec of "slan
dor" will show that they do not in
tend to work to the same end as the
bar keepers, for theo'ortlirow of the
dispensary, I will then consider the
propriety of an apology. Until such
proof is given I shall stand by my
guns. If a Methodidt Bishop chooses
to call me a liar, and the church
temperance committee feels con.
strained to denoune my opinion of
existing cotiilitions as "slander," the
people of South Carolina will judge
between us. If they can stand it I
I long ago learned,
"Evil is wrought from want of
As well as want of heart."
When good men find thaelveE
in bad company they usually pause
to consider how they got there, and
whether they are not in fault to
There is no concealmont, about it
and the editor of The State, who is
the spokesman of the licenso olomont,
has announced his position clearly
and openly. The denial by the
preachers that the combination is
"sought" cuts no fliguro. It exists,
and that is all I asserted and to my
mind it is "unholy," and must make
every good man feel uncomfortable.
If the di.spensary is overthrown
every pract ical man knows that sa
loons will be ro establishod in less
than live years. I would deplore
such a result as a great loss to so
cioty and know many preachors are
of the samo opinion. I shall yet
hope to soo all good men of all
classes united to mahe th odispon
adry the success it can become. I
believe prohibition is a Trojan horso
by which I he saloons want, to again
enter our li ato. The whiskoy mon
believo the sam1e thin. I am against
the saloons and ill of their friends,
whether tIhey be good men who are
blind fanatics or scheming politicians.
B. 11. Tilltman.
Trenton, S. C., July 21, 1000.
soenw Sug :stve Figurt
The Manning i imes says statement
made by the Prohibitionists going to
show that prohibition has bonn a
success, can bo refuted by t he official
record the only vnfo guard, when
seeking information. To furthor prove
that prohibition is a failure where
over it has been tried, we take from
the report of the 'United States Com
missioners of Internal Rovenuo for
fiscal year ending June 30, 180,
showing the ntimber of licenses
issued in prohibition States:
A A INIE.t -
R ectilicrj...................................... I
RZetail liquor dealers.....................1, 125
Wholesale liquor dealers.............13
B rew ers.............................. ........
Retail dealers in malt lioquors....... 189
Wholesale dealers in malt liquor e.. 24
R ectiIers...,........ ....................... s
Retail liquor dealers................ 3,730
W holesale liquor dealers.l............. 55
B rew ers- . --..... ... .................. 23
lZetail dealers in malt liquors...... 471
Wholesale dcalers In malt liquors. :183
Rectifiers-.. . ---------..................... 3
Retail liquor dealers................. 2,581
W holesale liquor dealers ............ 15
Retail dealers in malt liquors....... 254
Wholesale dealers in malt liquors. 75
Retail liquor dealers.............. 324
Whole sale liquor dealers.......... 2
R.tail dealers in malt liquors... 12
Wholesale dlealers in malt lIquors. 11.
These figures wit.h reference to
South Carolina include all of the
dispensaries and those b)linld tigers
which will not take chances with
Uncle Sam. It will thus be seen
that in the prohibition State of Maine
with a population half the siZe of
South Carolina, there areo1,152 retail
revenue licenses issued by the Unite d
States goverment. In the prohibition
State of Iowa, with a very little
larger population than South Claro
lina, the United States government
has issued 3,730 retail liquor licenses
In the probibitin States of Kansas,
with a slightly increased population
over South Carolina, the United
States government has issued 2,581
retail lipln: licenses. Those figures
are taken from the official record of
the 'Umted States government and
we believe they are worthy of more
credence than the wild assertion of
men who, in their zeal for the cause
they repreent, get mighty close to
iHegin at Orangebutrg June 14th al( End
at IRitrhland August 22nd,
The following is the schedule of
the State campaign meetings:
Lau rons-August 4.
A ikon-August 15.
Rinhland-.A ngnat 22.
ASKED TO COMBINE
'll. S1D):N Wi .HIJIN 1sUES A CALA
(o'011vtIoIn b 4 1W Ifit-tt Soon -TI'e feiieral
]Aine of W orl C jtH ileII-,ate-cI ilto
0oerglas Ast.weljitoll P11411.
TowiiHilip Orgai1it lta.;.
I['ho State, July 31.)
Following the load of the Geor
gia Cotton Planters' association,
Preisident Wilborn of the Souti
Carolina association has issued a call
looking to a convention to be hel
in this city in September followin,
the formation of organizations by
townships in the several coutitivs of
the State. His call issued yesterda
aftern,)on roads as follows:
To the Cotton Growors of South
I have been urged to issue a call
to tile cotton growers in South Car
olina for united aud intelligeInt
action of the growers of cott,n and
cotton seed with bankors and gin
ners with a view to marketing the
cotton crop through a longer pelrio(d
of timo and obtaining correct stiatis.
tical information upon which to base
prices. I theroforo call upon the
cotton growers to at onceo organizi
in each township and county anld
elect dologates to attend a Stao
convention to be callud at ani eit ly
dato in Soptember, to be herenf.r
named. Other States are now beimg
organized. I hereto attach the plam
as suggested at 11acon, Git., May 26.
Let farmers go to work at once or
ganizing their counties and report to
me at Columbia, S. C.
J. C. Wilborn,
Pres. Cotton Growers' Convont ioln.
The paper referred to in Mr. \Vil
born's call setting forth the paN of
operation adopted in Georgia reads
"The president of i ho association
shall at onco proceed in tile most ox
peclitious and economical mannor to
perfect organization in every county
throughont the cotton belt of the
State; also to call State conventions
in the other cotton growing States,
for perfecting similar organizations
to that in this State. Elforts shall
be made to establish a State bureau
in each State, in addition to county
This association shall fix the price
at a fair and reasonable figure, at
which the producers shall offer their
cotton and cotton seed for sale in
the open markets next season. If
the minimlum price is fixedl on mid
dling grades at say 9J cents pe
pound at the ports, this would fix
the price at each local shipping
point, less the rate of freight to
nearest port. Bonded warehtouses
to be established at all local markets
wherever require~d by the banks and
members of this association. Ware
house receip)ts to be issued to the
owners of all cotton stored, and the
same insured if rceip)ts are to be no
goti ated. These5 wvarehoumse receipts1
to be negotiated at tihe niearest bank
for 00 or 80 per cent. of the value of
such cotton in the op)en markets at
time they are to be placed with the
banks as collateral security for muon
ey borrowed. Each producer shall
control the individual sale of cotton,
and, though a member of tile asso0
ciation, if he desires to dispose of
his cotton before the minimum p)rico
fixed by the association is offored b)y
the buyers he shall be at perfect
liberty to do so. Tie association is
confident that a fair and( just prie
for cotton anid cotton seed cani be
fixed and maintained in the openf
markets by the united concert of
action en the part of its members,
backed by financial aid from the
banks, by holding back the surplus
of the crop, which is to be marketed
each month to meet the demiandl of
tile mills in nil parts of the world.
"0Ginners throughout the cotton
belt will be supplied with postal
cards addressed to headquarters of
the State bureau, with the regnest
that each Saturday night the num
ber of bales ginned that woek will be
forwarded. Early the following
week tile association will know just
bow many bales of cotton have been
prepared for market the past week
thlrouh the (Ol- helt of thw
statc., an11. at tioe vind of, tho ginniing
Healson wIli ho, inll posossioll of exilet
figures silw,m ifg tho 11111oliit of cot
ton Imido Illat. seas.n. The sero
t1ris of eoulnty orga.ulizations will
keep inl clos touch with tile pro
ducers, anld clarefil C'Stimliate ia 111do
oil vXisting er-op conditions will b4
Selt veviy to the Stato burvaul.
Throughout t Nhe year inforilnation
from such sources will bo obtained
upon vbic tho prico of cotton and
Cotton s ('ca blm i xi'd it ia fair.
on the oilli ol wvork uI hi ItsS'jociit i(.1
shall b rbo Iiv couinty assess
imlint. Tho miimmimh foo to hm paid
Stato orgil'tion bt outy orgaiin.
zations to Iho q.,_0 for less than 100
imemibers ai,_1 Cio mit:illim of l)
for ach ou.ity orglaization of 100
nivinlbol's of' moro. Tho animal (1.,s
after the fir't ye. to be hl1If of t|
rospectivo atilluilits from ebch coO1
"It is domtd essntil for I ;.
purposo of rapidy developing t,I.
mOvoeni(ilt to ell'eet lo0al orgait l.
t ionls int ofach counlt y of t his StItto.
'lheso orgillizatio.s .hal! b) effccted
1by n activo organlizor inl ("iach1 Col
gressional distriet. Stich or%Ianlizers
shiall be o nm dd by the( miltm.
bors from echl enreional district
ci.osing tho ex cutivo coillittec,
and the upplioiltitoonts mado by th!O
resident. Thm presideit, shill beo
01powered to removv from ollico
aly local orgnI;zer iot properly
performing his dtiies, and have his
place filled uPonl recoMMI01-1dat-iol by
tihe Oxecutivo ],nnuie I r raid dis
trict. Tih !et, org: .rs shall )e
paid - c.-Har.; pJNr m andiwl t,ra.
eling :1e hie ii activo dis.
chargo of t wir dutivs.",
e'irumer ' Irel.i" t 4tt Clsm osa.
A farmvrii' intituto will bo ield at
GClmsonl Collogo begi.m:ing 'Muonday,
August 18, .10D, and vnling Satur
day, August 110, 11000.
Clemson ('oleg is k1nme milo from
Calhoun, on the Southern Railay
and two mile from Clerrys, Oin ihe
Blu Ridgie Railway. Free Ilacks
vill me6t all trains. Visitors may
purchase tickets to either poinLt. Th
Blue Ridge train is duo at Chorrys
4 p. im., and 110 Southern is du at
-:30 at Calhoun.
) 0 faro ratos canl b obtained
from all points in South Csiolini onl
the Atlantic (Joast. Lin, Charleston
1an( Western Carolina Railway, Plant
Systom, Seaboard Air Line, aid
Southern Riailway. Tickeits luimited
to continuous passango inl each dliree
tion to be sold1 Augtust II1, 12, 1 1 and1
14 with final limit to August 23,
1900. Ironmlad forml nIot requjiirod.
If the aigent hats failed to receive
inistrctionsi to sell one fare tickets re
p)ort the matter at once.
T1hie mornings, afternloons, and
evenings in the Coellego~ Chapel will
be deCvoted to lectures on sc01ietiic
anid practicalt agriculture. Ini addi
tion to lectures by lhe )memberes of
the college faculty, there will be a
number of (list Iinuihed lecturers
VTisitors are cordially invited to
take part mn all di.8cussiouns.
1Uoard and lodging will 1)e furn-.
ibhed for fift.y cents a day. This
snmall chmargo will just about(1 cover
the actual cost. Sinigle meals will
cost twenty cent; 0each.
Visitors are requIested to bring
shoots from home.
rents will be furnished free to
visitors who prefor t.o camp out.
Visitors an;d de(legates should wvrit.()
in advance to securi. rooms.
Clemson College, S. CI.
An editor gets ofi the following:
"In church or in State it is rule or
be ruled; inI courtship or marriage
it is fool or be 10o1l(d; in logic or law
it is kick or be0 kicked; in gambling~
or trade it is trick or 1)e tricked; in
treaty of wart it is lbeat or be beaten;
in struggle for life it is eat or 1)0
enton; in politics it is crow or eat
crow; in newspaiper it is hoe your
Bear. the las oKil YotIlave Aways eoughl
I'nl-lint11ION IN MA INI.
Th1%e aI'nIIIIIIr:t 4 V.iII fr I 1,: o tioa4. 11ta 11a4
l uI( uaia4iona, 1 a the Laqw.
The1o plat form idopted by tihe Mainle
.)ecraiutic ")(;lto Convention at its
in iL .,wiston oil Vednesdiay,
July 1, ntiny t li followinkg re
tilect ing t 11t 'ta tto prolkhibitory liquor
law and( its nonlt'n for coeent :
"For nearly half ia cenitury Nwe
havo ha11 it sta-tutory I, i N"prollibit.
ing tho liillifact lre, satle and uso of
initoxivintinl. liuors. 1''or n s l
half 11hat t imo it ha-; bitn villbodiod
inl t Sintao Coiitilution. Sinlco it
wils first. vinincted s cores of alinii
r14en1ts, tach iore .4ri !v ngent Ild t i,
ponlilties no Sirsevo, th'eill t p so. )l0
(10ding it, hanvo beenl passod.
"or nIaIIrly twoity yoars tho l.L
legood (nforconont of tho )" Ilhibitory
law hals beenl growmin morfeP * anld m,>rn.
lax, Iutil tolny in Iearly ovory city
the 1;talte alkl inlmy ('f thIlo lil ger
t was,'~ t hero are r. egulr! hi e stabli is1hed
i An sailooll- .hero liquors are
il ople, lagrant Niolition of the
nI.t it ut ion id stat ut ory I hmw. N ear
ly ovory hotol, mauy rsarns
hc.111rods of so.clled dril stiore- and
uilltnlIlbereod andlt Sv(r-A "aloonis and
b!.Irools inl the citie .All withlout
rtt riction, iv ;m occaina seizlre
Itl flno for political purlposol.
".For Ilie prit-et. shamlit-ful, dis.
gustling conldititon of all'tirs inl relat
tion to tho prohlibitory law, tho No-.
plublicanli leadors and their iisupport
ris are F0olly responlsible. Today in
Ially parts of the Stato we aro likv
ing ali tie eviis oh 'fre ru ,' a.nd
1nonlo of th redeinng foatres of a
'"or yoars ti(e prhibitolr'h1Wy liaw has
been i political foot ball. Its hy -
er(tical iforceiieniit, lilts bieei used
to contrul tho hi<plor votv, to incrollso
tiht incomle of peijiored ollivilds allt
to swe II the corruption fulid for CIam11
paign purposes. Ihiroughi its instru
mlentallity, tHo pa1r(y inl power has inl
Jiluenced jiLi*s1:4, corruptod offillis
Sworn,1 to einforce the ILw; debaiueled
voters, decived the advftwes of
tempijeran lce, bet re th te c en wht~viich
it professed to sipport, croiatiiig i
Contempt and Ia disre,garild for all
laws, Itiua has Iadix ti good nifnie
of tl3 StatO bIyor fiam(l I'elirolcll
whrovoer it is kiiown.
"Wo mlainfilin that, Ihe Ilipblicani
party ini \aino is uiiler tIlie (pracl ical
coltrlol (if a rilng which iats fiially
becoillo thom 111111 vyndiclto of the
State, promoting tih io ogul falo of
liquor, protectinl"g the elo er in thw
sl&e,) 0 pockin ai argA rovenui from
the'sC t ranisactions, aLsing'iit rma11
sel lers for mon01ey witIi hu ich to con -
trol caucuse."s, con!vent ionls and8 eliaC.
anid loaidinig thle talx-paiyors with b)ill.s
charges~'81111 and al'ged d isbLu rsemtsllt
too grievousi to he bornile, and1( by suuchi
duLplicity they) aire dlemorlliing the
youthI of our1 StaLt anild (ed1ucat inrg
them to disregaird Ilw and o.u'der.
"W be )]ii)tliertho respct able, lawv
aibid ing citizens of the State, i rro
speOcti vo of panrt y, favor au change.
They) demanIld that the law shlall be
either onforced or' replleal. TIo that
011d Wo favor reHiubm,issionl. WNheni
tion1 law, bit unt il tis is accomi
1Alihed wvo domiiandc the impa)1Lrtial on
foreinon t of the p)resenit p rohi ibit ory
laiw, and( WO plodge our candI Iidatesu,
if elected, to such1 anl (enLforceument."'
Itl y'sa ing 1ines by the( Ii .iial of ani Anm
M\onIza, dJuly '29.--Kinog Humbert
M o n z a,1) 0 1 1 I I Su ly r i M T e k n a
shiot hero lastL eveninig by~ a1 man1
namelid Anigelo Isressi (10 Prato and1
died( in aL few inuiites.
Moa,iJZL Jul 30 V:.---The king hand
breetnattend(inig aL distribti-mr of
prizes in connec0tion with aL gymnlras
tic comipeitit lonl. HoL hadl just entior<
his caririage, with a ido.do.conyu, amtid
the cheers of the crowd1, whenI ho wasH
sitruck by throe revolver shlotsu fired
in u1piick successIi.
One pi'irced thil heart of his malhj.
081t', wvho fell anId eaxpirOed in a few
inuites.. Thu assain!IJ wrisM immeiidi
uately airretetd, and1( wats with 8011n
diliculty, Psaved from the fury of the
Hio gavo his niamo ns Angelo
Brossi, dlescribing himastlf as8 Prato,
No il . ti IIJ01,131: II~1'tui o 111 1 w e v
wir th Rw isi In iny Plaf mt Wits
Wr Itc II for N(Irovs.
I\\'. E.,. ('uni(is, inl Chiewgo Rocord.1j
Solnator Th11111ui hi ti18s tho crdit
Of introdicinlg tho Doclaration of III
It n 101IW into 1t DeinIocratic
p'llt formit, but it does nit, conform t
his spevvebes ntor the(. prlictice-i of tho
Deillocratic party in 8cith Carolinit.
I t i "to TIrt) illOhniam's theory aill
whito meni art, cimitt'd frvo am! eq'Ill,
but. hw deniti(!ilt. Thonwas ,JofTersoni
OVer, lntornh'd that, Itho IIevilrat ion
of In1kdIInC0 -Ahonlt b0 JIppjliV(I
to t ho colorold r.11 4. \Whon that. inl
stonent was wriiltn. Ito sylvs,
groes wero eiiki le. 'Thiy iad it)
mOr rIegti 11 1 humnll be ingsH or
a part of It Ibo1)'dy poliI ie t1a lithe
cat or ho1ists'. lPonitho ptila'ition,
mil 1 iteher 'oanits ,Joelfron lo
ony Ir of the fiaiher, not vvon
tlhos from Nw I .\ . lltld, ovtr
drvallwd (hat, vitizinship would sollno
Iitlo' o conlferrod u1ponl thw. 'i. Tlhero
fort, they wrot thw Deelatration of
Lidljit'ndentc nilil t!;, Colstittiio
for whitt poople oily, and it was
nlot until after tHi war dint any o
OV0er triod to 1111ka th'',so instrmlwntk
cover (to col-'redI r:v'. It, was t hen
r'lnild licevs,iy to) ittach what Mr.
ler to tillnr itajoriI ie-i in Itih South.
orn States for tho Ib.'publicanl pitly.
Tho only w.'ay h voiltltb bodonm was
by\ giving the hilh>Ilt to tho nego lad
the Conls(titt(ion had to) ho 11r11ndod
In order to <b> it. Mr. Tilbhia is
very frank in thO rNII'vSsio! ol hiV
vhmv,i onl thlis miubjetcl, lis ho ii onl aill
oItFhr, tand w\'nit you ccuso him of
invonvist"leye hw dochiros that (ho
DvimocpratiC 111tfrim1 I 1101. 111a(sminit
for' thlt negr-, riwo anyl\ moro than tlm
Deelaratio 1of In.h pu15 lIct.
(Abbovillo P0r-sl il an311anr.)
Thm political proaclwrni who aw1
Ielig spIlporteId by tilt liqulor mle
inl their wial-firo itnillst tho tdispoln.
sitry, \will provo t popularity of tho
isPONITry, whilo ftiiiiiig to inkd(uce
tho chllrch to form nll "unhdloly alli
nilco." If proltellors ati liqlluor MIN
forman im llianc to dofot tho dis.
)01nsaIry, tho faet will not Ih ol.
dorst'd 1)y tho pitIoIltr VOtW of t1h1
intoHligenit 1aym1ln l1-w allway.s' con.
demiied politiem in tho pulpit. Andt
thll preaicholr who gl.ws out into tho
caultso to regre,t t hl ssociation. Ax
aiii rlo, prea'ichltrs, seek associa tion
andu friendisip1 ai ion g tempit'~ern
if a mnit is knot,wn bly te comtpaniy
hot koops8., whatt arlt wo't to tiink of tiht
sinerity' andii h.miesty of a preaciher
p rohbiini 1ust whio seeks(t- it th socia
11titon nd1support of liquorfl men'i onl
Wiii it 18istue tht s01ni. of tihe
hos1 t,) nm thet wo rh hiavtt Ibecomei
victims of tilt liqutor hiabit, yt, as8 a
ruile, ltey do nt expect 1poachtork to
Jiohni Allti, whottst) catirer in (on.
gross) has lntdo 'to little towni of
st ory (of a1 ne(gro) epicuro1 who cauighlt
firo' juder a spreadulinIg f.ree, and t
whiio it was1 bing to a deliicat.o
birown laty tdown onl lt groundo antd
went, to sloop biesidol it. .Aboitt 1110
I it itim tpossom wasI dlono, ai slick
li(itl darkty hatp1pein g thtai viy
'ThIen ho took tilt btones' andi laid
tie do11tIwn int fitont oif Ihis 51looping
brotheIlr, greinsdI is li p8 with 'pos8
umgreoase, andt smaa,~redi 'possuHim
.rotnso over is (inigers. Wnlon theo
ownier of t he 'possum111 aw~oko iho
lookod( abiouit daz/odi andtt surprisedl to
luid hish picco (dt rtesistanoc gont), but
tho boines lay in frontl of him, ho saw
the grenso8t upjon is linigern, t asted( it,
upon 11is lipsi. Is i8 t pos'ble,"' bo
sid, "I dian ont da~t 'possumtt wheni I
'1)''lop 1 81mell 'possu, I his' 'pos.
num, ani' daiir is td bones. It 81-ain
ly (10 lookc lk' 1 mus11' hab ent, him;,
on my con'tuitionl dan1 any~ olo 'pos.
sum I over didi ont bofo'."
dUo G:s1TroN F?O1C I ITtAnY NorIm.
Thime Mbitt,aiVr letin Nulmbor or Frank
I i Lmmno 'O lmiab l,M' tmulihly.
Tit brilli!ilnt August unuber of
Frank Lrsli(,'s Popular Monthly,
whicl i. (1ho regular Mi%idsummer
I iction Ninibm of tihis pliodical,
1y111) fairy be cillot! il opocl-muak
ing achiovement ill ion.cont rmagizino
litoraturv. A summary glanco at its
titblo of cuhtolnts so'rvs to jnstify
this chlaim. lIvro in a singlo an
her aiire inichled stories by F. Hop-'
hinv'wmn Smith, A. Conan Doyle, Mary
1.l Wilkins, F'Algar Fawceott. Alix
John, Nlario!ta l1olly ("Josiah Al
len's Wifo";, anitl It. K. MunliUtrick;
illistra1ted( Ilticl's by tho Infianta
''.nitlio of Spain, Captain Robort E.
Ivo, 1a11 tho I%',V. V. B. l11ankin;
ma11l lpins by IHarriett ,Prescott
Slotloi, E%litih M. Thomaq,s Samuel
Mlintla.nl Poick, I-Ithol M\lorso, Frank
I J. Stanton, Wiillilam Itamilton
llyne, Miadisoll Cawoinl, onry Tyr
tell, Marthat .McCuhllochl-WIllianw,
llatt i V W hitniy, Boy Farrell Groon,
and Wallaco Dunbar Vincout. Tho
cIltriblitiolls of thoso well-known
ItIl poular w iters aro presented
with tlt collbitoration of illustrators
cluitly ftious, including Al5ort 13.
Bezl . WVost ClIuMdinst, Charlos
(Grunwahil, 1High M. Eaton, G. A.
Davi,, Wail(or Rtussoll, GeorgoB13na
vitz, 11. '. E-dwards, and I1. S.
1ter i he (i ron'i4 W ll litAmimin.
WIItt. will ho the result of the
gret uphItIaatl of SOCity ill China
todhy ? Wiat is 1Russia's ria pur
'o, itid wait, advantages will sho
iralizo from the torriflic struggle in
whicb so imany nattionm aire involved ?
ia i timoly article in "'io Na
tional .Magazino" for August Capt.
Charle Vinslow Hall givos a tran.
lLit i-In of t hat sinlgular doCument,
loown to Europoan stitlosimon and
historins its "1ho Will of Petor tLo
(Iroat," and gonorally acknowlodged
to onihody It grat aund persistent
policivs which havo oxtoneloI the
domninion andt increnAe tho powor
of tho Uttissii vnipiro. Tito priuoi.
pll evvents of tho career of oach of
Potor's tiuccossors aro clearly and
forcibly depicted, tnd the pre(liction
md111o that tho prosont social uPheav.
al and1(i rovolutiol inl China havo boli
formoon, if indood not incited by iuE
sill, who in any event must immense.
ly and maitterially profit thoroby.
TwO COlturios ago, or to be mot0
exiv-1, inl 10,10, Pot.er, sinlco julstly
s'umttnedil The Groat , s'ucceededI to
thmo thlronoe of Itussia. A bulrIy, re
bus1-t, hanlf-civilized, uneducated boy.
panemce, hiandicappodi by bigotry and
sii trong an imoal l5ission, andit in htis
Oelrly reign 1 11e1aced5 by3 intrligues of
tho imost dIangorouls chiaraictor, ho
had, neovorthieless, a sitrong intellect,.
a si.ronge)r will aiin1 a full measure of
that p rat(ticall co01no i sOns801o, which
Ii>w and1 ten ini tiht world's history
is bieein known to characterize
ruletr mof great priovinicer.
IPotr ha. iid 1neitIher flout ntor army
worthy13 of tiht namo. No nat ion in
al lliirotpt, (exctept thle English now
tion, pri.zd his frieundshiip or greatily
feared his enmity; his troops wvore
und111isciplinod anid restive undetr conl
trol, antd his retsouri COS woro uncer
tni and111 thm p ro3y ol herodlitary ofli
t'iinl181m antd deep-).rooted corruption~
I low h1e himmself, wvroughit in Eng
l ish and1( Dutch shipyards, to secmoe
at 1)ractia know~ledgO of naval and
often tol; as8 well as tho story of [he
perjil, intrius, projudticos and ant
cient abuses which hie averted or
overthlrowt. Stullico it to say that at
tho daIto o)f hiis deconse, February 10,
17o, ho had destroyed the military
prtestigo of Swedon, secured much of
h r territory on the eastern shore of
Ils he aitic 80on, establishd ports ups
ont the sea of Azov and the Oasdii n,
and1( croated large and well appointed
atrmuies and fleets. Hie had boon solN
elmnl ly crownodr at Morocw, "Empo2
rr' tof aill tihe Rutm*ials," and bern
hailed by his nobles and( people as
"ol F"ather of his County, Peter
D)ying, he loft to his descendants
anld successors a paper (fmbodying
the inmnonse purposes which during
his checkered career had sustained
and impelled him. This ancient
test ament, pregnant with :wars un
ending, and1( intrigues ad dlisloyal-.
ties, without scruple, mumt be read
anid remnemboirod by everyone who
would understand aright the past
history, and comprehend in some de
gree the trend of Russian polioy,
and its probable results in the Orient.