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EI-'ABljP1)-4T1 (j 1865. NEWBERRY, S. C., FRIDAY, SEIPTEMBiA 14, 1900. TWICF WK iA.
GOVERNOR M'SWEENEY WINS
TiiE RESUnT 01F T SEH C EUONi) MrATI11
Mc4swoeney's Ski('1414 M-egitil t1, he0 E?VI4411it
Early li tie i,j ---ite, la itest for Lieu
tonam nt.lenvror I'.' 1 tJl11 isvt e_t E
tion of u4, .1,mo. I U. imimaua eict
Mr. Witarioma x't%A I.,ectrI 1ta%it.
rati Cnm t4%.-saer linteai
of M1ir. W. I). Evatss.
Columbia, Soph,mber .1 .-Tho
primary election fmr -Stato and coun
ty oflicers for 1I000 is happily over.
The State ticket st:mdm at. present:
For United Statevs 4inator, Benjamin
R. Tillimn. For-Ulovernor, Miles B.
MoSwooney. For Lieutinant Gov
ernor, James 11. '1 illman. For At
torney General, G Duncan Bellin
goer. For Secrotary of Sth1o, Marion
R. Cooper. For Suprintmideit of
Education, Jonit '). Ilh'M1ha1n. For
Adjutant Gonoral, J W. Floyd. For
State Treasurer, R. I. Jonnings.
For Comptroller 0--osioral, J. P. )er
ham. For Railromad Commissioner,
J. I. Wharton. For Congress
First district., Wllimm Elliott; 2d
district, W, J. T 1bort; 3d, A. C.
Latimer; 4th, Joseph T. Johnson;
5th, D. E. Finley; fth, Robert 13.
Scarborough; 7th, S. Win. Stokes.
The socond priiary, which wias
red hot, shows tonight a strong lead
for McSwoonoy over Hoyt; James 1-1.
Tillmin loads Col. John T. Sloan
for Lieutenant Governor and J. 11.
Wharton, of Laureus, has a decided
load over Railroad Commissioner W.
D. Evans. The Gubernatorial race
has beon settled all along, and his
figures were given this morning in
this correspondemce, and there now
seems no reason to chango from the
figures givon that McSweeney would
lead by 12,000 or 15,000. At mid
night the News and Courier's figares
had McSweeney 7,402 in the lead
out of 60,49-1 tabulated. Thero is
no possibility of Col. Hoyt pulling
up, because thero will hardly boover
25,000 more votes to tabulato. When
the report came in that Columbia
had gone overwhelming for Mc
Sweeney, whereas last time it went
for Hoyt, and that Charleston kept
its large McSweeney proportion the
Hoyt people saw how the jig was
going for McSweeney, and so it was
no surprise when at midnight the
totals of the News and Courier show:
McSweoney 34,0(2, Hoyt 27,046.
McSweelov's lead at midnight 7,633.
During the night it could be soon
how the tido in the Gubernatorial
race was going by I ho result in Ches
ter county. First primary gavo Hoyt
579, McSweeney 600. Yesterday
Hoyt's loss ws 7h, McSweeney's
gamn 133, with two thirds full vote
polled. York's tot al veto was: Mc
Sweeney. 1,734-, i gin of a118; Hoyt
1,202, a gain of 1 19. Tihe city of
Columbia, first prhna'ry, gave Hoyt
majority of 87. MeSwveeney carried
it yesterday by 422. .Richlnd Coun
ty, except three precincts, gives Mc
Sweeney a mnajor'ry of (644 . Marl.
boro gav?e McSwos ney 1,007, a gain
of 370; Hoyt 718, a gain of only 00.
Sumter, twenty-three out of t wenty
four precincts, gam- Mc-Sweeney 92 1,
a gain of 450; 11o t 980, a loss of 53.
Abbeville, first p)rimary gave Mc
Sweeney 097, Hoyt 500. Today
McSweeney received 976 and Hoyt
~ All precincts except five.
F~~UHER ELECTION DETAILS.
Columbi~. Sept ember I1.-The
present Stt main which has
just closed wits Ir second p)rimnary,
has been abouta a camfpaign
as has been held ip' State in
S many years. it has bos1ninlI of
underhand tricks and ruioan s Yi.ngs
and shows that the primary sys'?i
is just running down at the hoole.
The county to county campaign idea
is breaking down the p)atienco of the
people, and the style of making such
a canvass is naturally keeping ont of
politics many good men who would
no doubt be in auch races if they did
' no.t have to be dragged th)roughl the
mire by such men as cannot be kept
ont of a freofor.all race.
Naturally Governor McSweoney
and Col. Hoyt cannot be held respon
sible for all that their zealous friends
have done, and they thems'elves have
tried to keep the primary up to the
high standard that ought to be main
tained, bAt~ they have both no doubt
witnessed intclh that disgusted them
aind would neither go through stich
a campaign again. It has boon the
same in other oflices and the ten
doney is to have larger numbers of
enItries in each of the contests, and
thoro will always be thoso who think
that the way to win is to cover the
opposition with mud, or at least to
throw it, in tho hopo that some of it
Thoro has boonr i n almost, total
change in the vote of Columbia so
far as tho Gubornatorial candidates
IVe concerned. Notwithstanding
strnousi efforts oin the part of Col.
Hoyt's supporters and mamy slanders
circulated and piblished against
(overnor AL!Swvoney he has won in
a walk in the cily, and the county
gives him imijorities at niarly overy
box. The vote ink the cit.y was 1,170
for McSweeney and 088 for Hoyt.
At tho first primary Hoyt carried
the city. Tne Governor will carry
the county by over 800 votes, and it
may go to 1,000. The vote in the
city by wards follow's: Ward 1, Mc
Sweeney 220, Hoyt 104; Ward 2, Mc.
Sweeney 211. Hoyt 159; Ward 3,
MeSweeney. 203, Hoyt 170; Ward-4
MeSweeney T1, Hoyt 197; Ward
5, McSweoney 228, Hoyt 158.
The following nro the total votes
received so far. They are for com
ploto and incompleto county returns:
Abbevile (complete) . 1,302 722
Aiken (all but .1)-...... 1,701 1,036
Auderson (complete)...... 1,468 1,980
13amberg (5 out 15)........ 3m2 2-16
larnwell (16 out 27)...... 819 528
Beaufort (all but 2) ....... 129 130
Berkeley (2 boxeL(........ 205 59
Bharleston (all but 2)..... 3,120 690
Cherokee (16 out 21)...... i51 24
Chester (complete)........ 733 522
Chesterfield (8 out 19)... 581 300
Clarendon (all but 1) 988 '166
Colleton (12 out 25)........ 613 570
Darlington (9 boxes)...... 682 741
Dorchester (4 boxes)...... 249 36
Edgefiold (13 out 20)...... 616 459
Fairfleld (all but 1)........ 871 671
Florence (complete) . .... 1,180 778
Georgetown (city) ......... 84 118
Greenville( 24 out 40)..... 1,779 2,1:38
Greenwood (complete)... 785 827
Hampton (7 out 23) .. ... 188 257
Horry (10 out 22)........... 1,085 452
Kershaw (compIcte)...... 1,075 723
Lancaster (complete)..... 977 895
Laurens (24 out 28)........ 1,446 1,279
Lexington (16 out 28)..... 1,136 695
Marion (complete)......... 1,878 1,251
Marlboro (complete)...... 1,027 718
Newberry (complete)..... 1.213 915
)eonce (28 out 32).1,201 1,210
Orangebureg (17 out 53). (676 541(
I'ickens~ (complete).... 1,351) 995
Richland (cornllt.e)...1,733 99w;
H"luda (rill but 4)......1,002 4-18
Sumter (28 out :34)...... ,083 1,031
Spartanburg (all but 6).. 2,(121 2,875
Union (complete).......1,20) 828
Williamsburg (I1 out 22) 1,734 1,202
Total.... .. ............2,235 32.388
FOR IEUTI'ENANT GOVItRNOR.
A ik en....................854
A uderson ........ ......,.. ,1
Iirn well..................3 11
Bmiau for t..,............... 9 20
Charleston .............. 93 22)
Chester ......... .........1 0
Chester field .............. 8 :
Clarenudon ................ 8 -1
Colleton .................. 7 14
Darlng ton ............. ..8 3
F'airfleld ..,............... 7 12
F'loronco ................1 60
4rh~......11 0 (206
M83o. .. .7 488
Newory.......813 5 404
868eur.......0 4 81
Georgton .............. 5 21485
Yorky... ................: 109
Ma l o4 .. . .......
Ne be ry .... ........
F-'1 1A)A,I:0. l)M.\l.AJIS-M)NEiRn.
A bh )vlle ..................... (;:)1 2 :ss
A iko n ............. ...... I .0 17; 1 .571
A iderson ..................... 1, 1601 2,252
B ,ta m bv1-, ............ .......... .-66 1:;
I irn w ell ....................... 6:;2 - 2
112 1t l'o rt ...................... I::. 1 is
H ecrkf-ley ...... ........... ..... 211- .11i
Charleson .................... 1,i29 2 137
Cherokee .................... CN ) ;4 1
C h t ert01. ....................... 512
Cheste field .................. (17 1 202
(,arv.idon ..................... 917 5 1i
C olleton ........................ 810 .1 o
D)arl ingtn...............17 ,74
o r h .............. ..... 12:! S2
l e i ld ..................... 3.1:3 !0 ;
Fuir-field ...... ........... .... ro' 82.1
Florence ...... ........... ..., 927 !)u:1
Georgetown ..... ............ 122
GIecnville .............. ..... 1,320 2 912
C ree lw ooll .................... I ,:;
I l Im ton ..... ............. 215 5- ,1
II0rry .......................... 1,2661 2.):
K ershaw ....................... 1,215 5:1;;
La caIster .............. ...... 1,132 7.11
a ur n ....................... .191 ,3 9:1
Lexington . .................. (;.1() 1,1 1:3
MAirion ........................ 2 ::s
Alarlboro .. ................. I.:1-. I .IC9
N w berryr.................... -,; 1,(i;I
Oconee ........................ 1,050 1,3M)
O rangchnrg ................. -1-11, 5 1.
Pickens .................... .. 985 o
R ichland ..................... 1,01.1 ,71:
Saluda .................... ..... 581 8 9
Sum ter ........................ ,166 1.9.9
Spartianburg ............... 1,697 .77
U nion.................. ........ SW ; 1.1 3
Y ork ........................... , .2
T1otal ............... 3:,55 .10, 11)9
FOR CONR RESS-SIXTH i)1STRICT.
Clarendon (all but 1)... I 82
Darlington (9 precincts).. 717 1.0:1
Florence (complete).... 1,222 "53
Horry (complete)............ ;SS 2.!1i,
Marlon (complete) .........2,09:1 1.05:
Marlboro (co) pCte) ,..... -100 97 1
Williamsburg (11 prects). 26t2 379
Total .....................5,75. 7,27-1
NO BATHING SUIVS HIG ENOUGH. tj
1118101) Brooks 1nd Two Gigantle Cni.
itrlots Drove tfe lnster or tiao iath
(Ladies' Home Journal.)
There was a story many tims
old, but entirely without foundation,
to the effect that an English lectu.
rreor once informed his hearers that
Lhe men in America wero smaller in
size than Englishmen, and asked any
Americans who might )0 present to
rise in confirmation of his statement,
whereupon Bishop Brooks and two
Dther Ameicans of equalling impos
ing stature roso in different parts of
the hall. This story had no founda.
Lion, but it is true that Doctor
Brooks was once traveling in tho
south of France with another Bishop
of the Episcopal Church somewhat
surpassing Doctor Brooks himself ini
size andl another man equally largo.
The three men wont one aifter an.
ther to the proprietor of a little
bathing establishment, and with
serious faces asked to be fitted to
bathing suits. The surprise of the
proprietor by the time the third gi
gantio man appeard can readily be
Sihe Slhould Decii Uer aire, an<(1 Not be
(Ladies, Home Journal.)
Every minister's wife is deeply in
borestod in the work of the church,
jut no one should attempt to decide
ror her how much of that~ work is
her share. The undue binding of
burdens upon shoul ders wearied wit h
rnch willing service has caused
some of us to raise onr voices in pro.
:eat, if not for ourselves, for the
>vortaxed bodies and brains of our
Less fortunately situated sisters. Let
i clergyman's wvife decide not to b)0
tyrannized over by circumstances.
She, more than many, noods1 to think
ut her life wvith care, and come to
lefinite conclusions by which she is
willing to abide. No regulations con
be laid down for all alike, for a wo
man must be horself the judge of her
abilhties. J4L her see to it, however,
that she remains uninfluenced by
thoe.iE who would seek to ditect her.
It may be laid down as p)art of the
remedy that no minister's wife should
be at the head of more than one or
ganizat ion, and if her home cares
are many she should not attempt
even that. If she desires to take a
class in Sunday.school she need not
be given the worst class of boys, nor
the most difficult claas of little chil
Cotton Ad Wheat
Grow.lS ill Coucil
THI I EsE IWO A l 0 IONS M) N T A'I
4; 1 1:N W ot,1).
Mr. Iii i nnr,, / riti:i: ra il ).'l tiactI,
Tvilm Ai>st WI.itl. 1,v'itIvvmt Jmdmaoi
of (erial. 1 Il I C ta AAhirt.;
(Specid to Tho State.)
Greent1w, o, Svpt. 1 T2.- lb South
Carolina Wliwat ( rmwers' Association
M-1t if its -econdl tnil"t" con)venItion
hler) today . Prb \ . C. Lati
ier elldil t iw to rd .r at
i I O'cloek I l . tat <ht I l t h t I I' lin -
lites of lasi t y't 111r' I in Il l tohet
mlisplacod, bi thati t, princeedill"v
wer In(li 1 wV4 II r, IL.-1mbe(Red. I t'
s4aid hm hv- I:. t; I !' -tivh or s,pvc[,..
mesa( Oeivo.r 1, tho memvlibverS,
but stlited that h. hald (1riod to gty.
Secretary of Agriiculir Wilson to
attend tho conven1it in aiind foiliiz! i(I
th t lhe had11k sCI: el til' Ioxt bf !,I
Imian in tilt* l ir uit l -. r. \\.-.
s. ]till, (1h' chi.f o)f thle puiblivint..1
division. Wilb Mir. Liatimlerl. -
speaking a portor blrolught in two
largo sack 4f eed n heat which had
been selt to tim conlviition by the0
aigricultural <h-pmr(mvint Thik wheat,
waIs afterwands dli. ribuited on
the farmers Cr ex; <, im,1t i-g.
On being iintrodueitd to 1tie Con
Venition Mir. H11Illmed...'4y disclaimed
being "tho n(-xt hectt man," ats Mlr.
Latimer hadt( stated, but f;aid he was
the only ayallable m11all. Ho beganl
his,; addrene vil-b a rc?mrenco to tle
wheat growing, indti-stry in South
Carolinai 13Y gave ult tile astonlish
ing information that this Stato is fair
behind all other sectoi of the Uni
ted States adi(! even iLo world. The
averago yield ill this State, accor-d
ing to tho statistics of th'., avgricultu
ral departmoit, is only eight, bushels
per acre. A great, iiis(ako the farm
ers of Sout h Carolina imiako is in buy
lDg 80 many things outsid of the
State that call bo raised at home.
Tako wherat, for instance. South
Carolina only prodtu::s about one
million bushols per ainum, yet she
consumes about six iii1lion bushels.
The money to pay for tle other fivo
million bushels, between $5,000,000
and $6,000,00 , goes out, of the State.
If this nioney could be kopt at home
it would be i great help to the farm
ing interests. Somo South Carolina
farmers even import, baled hay, and
Iuch of the butter used in the cities
and townu coirs from outside tho
State. This convention, he believed,
was the begir ling of the dlawni of a
b3tter day, and1( he exi.roecd gratili
cat ion at thle inuteresti talt. is being
Hoe-then called attention to the
bulletins i'-aned by thie departmentii,
which are ent free to thoso farmers
wvho aply for t hemi. An increased
interest is bleinig takenr ini these bn I
letins1 ery'i yearP, antd Mr-. H-ill arnged
the farmers to a.pply for thema and
thus securo thbe hone11fl - of the (ex
periments being rumnlo by the dei
pllrtmfent. Tho doplarYt ment, ho saiid,
w~as anxious to be of help to the
farmers, anvd said( thait letters of in
quiry wvould always be1 promptly an
sweredi. lHe further stated that lie
would be glad while here to confer
wvithi farmers 11nd( to put them in the
way to get any information they
might wish to secure from the (do
lion. 1[arvie Jordan, president of
tihe Gecorgia Cot ton G rowers' Asso
ciation, wais thlen called on for a
talkc. He was we~ll remembered, hav
ing attended the~ Gonvent ion here
last summeri( anid dlelivered the ad
dIress on that occasion. lie gave the
result of the revivatl ini wheat grow
ing in his State. Gleorgia has liar
vested1 this year tiho largest wh1eat
crop grown in 30( yniars, alnd from
what he had b)eeni able to learn lhe
thought the manoI could1( be said of
South Caroli na. Whliat the farmers
need is organ ization, as ini organiza
tion they get en coouragent.
At thie conclusion of Mr. Jordan's
remarks the convent ion adljourne(d
The conivenit ioni waIs called to order
at 3 o'clock. By unanimous consent,
n resnorso to a goat endm fro
cot Int ry who wislitlto Ieir tihe
speech of )hr. .1or<hmit to t Ie cot tol
growers boforo going I ilome, it wa'i
docided to bmve his II,,spoei I ho a
for-noonl instemd (if ait nigh,t, Its ord.(I,
lially intemtIv. ANI r. 'Jordan said
MR. JORDm.N'3 SrI.1t-11.
Mr. ChaiirminItIld nI(.niln.
I deeply appreciato the torldial in.
Vitation VXOeteied to Ino to be pre
elit vith volt on t ii ovcwa ioa, t f*,,,I
that th (Ibhjets m d ptIrI1os4-s or thi.
Convenion w]Nill onl(lino lin init ia
lloveilel t, t uI( tilt itil I rutiII of
which will be t(f lio., f-irI rvathivll iIIg
anId profillablo vver y-ut, llitidie-o
il thlt interleit Of 1t 8ouh rn f%Frm
Jr. J fec-l I l it I can ell tl . ) 11 in el-Nfoe
Soil to,bay hea;Irin it,, il )1 1--% lips y
InesqIIgr (elling" of yu eieac
inl the n:ar fut ure from blo oppres
()r, Ii whoso witherig liands 1ha1vo
lgtdymlur hopos and.1) gnte
y' ,Ilur proslperity inl thIle yeat gone by.
I spvIk to you n1o. of a proplisy
w.)o from tho tangled wob of ia fer
'ilo iugination, but, of i propliesy)
which tho ovolitiol of tili anld cir
cnl [lsta nilces is unifolding befork, tho
Visioln of 1te cottont IodIUCer. Tie
old Mouth, altoutg dovastatod With
wr,eck 11( rI f yea ago, with tho
flow'r lli chivalry of her brave
youing mni3ihood lost tupon a litidred
baittllfiolds inl anl un1equal sthruggl4k
which left our pooplol in a wirlpool
of desolation, hail today riseni from
ti. IhLiS of her pIISt. andA iS coim1
manding tho respect, and lidtira16tin
of all seeCtions of this great nation.
There was a tilmte not, mIany yevars
1(o whenth Soulth, rocking, iln Ithe
cradlo of bor now bir)th, wsIH not.
financially strong enough to conduct.
bor banking oporations belyond a
limited extent. I tlaink God tAtlIL
(lly has past, iind that. we Iro bvecoml
ing onco ntvro intdependit of the
dicta1toial Imolh0y kinIgs of te 0ast-.
Wo have assoileiod tore today to
doviso tho bost ways and moans for
tho futiuiro handling of our cotton
nnd cottonseced products oil (Ito ialr
kets. A chauge in the mwthods hero.
toforo employed by our peoplo ill
marketing this great money crop, is
absolutely essmitial. The present,
system of selling tho crop givos ov.
ory advantage to t,h buyer, andt(]
leaves the producer hlplsI)IlySIV inl the
hands of t,hc spoculatorA. 1'or SoV
(iral years th is question or het ter IIar.
kotiing the cottonl elOp of t Ito Soult I
hIs been agitated, bu(. ip to the 12ti
of l ast May nto genteral mtov'emtt
hado hoon iniauguratod by whlich thle
proplor imachinery cou ,1ldie Hit in
mtot ion for obtalming the desi roil ro
tingishe itl raiil road countisionter,
aided by Mir. S. HI. M\c(Geo at Groon.
,vood, : i.O the iiovenwin, their
li t.: y*. endorst,ement tit ta, bega~1 inet ivye
wvork wvhicht hats cunina t ted in thi1s
imatgnt icenit gathterinrg of yom- poo-(8
plo inl tonlventi on hero touday. The
States of Alabiamai antd G eorgia htavo
porfected organ izaitioins and1 t his
movement isi beinlg act ivelyv anid
wvidely agitatted in all the Southeorn
cotton growving State11s by t he Soulth
ern prests anid outr assoointt ion. A ll
of thIe cotton States8 aroe actively ait
wvork and will como inito tho orgatni
zation. Tis mlovemient is swecepirg
liko til avalantchto aIcross Iho Sou th
Atlantic anid (Gulf States and1( with at
(deteriimed co-opertion,Lt on thet part
of 500,000) farmors, bantkors, titr
chants, wairehtouisement, giinnors and
others. Liv~eripooi and WVall st reet
wvill no longer dlictato the prices of
our staple, andto fromt ont to two hun-it
dirod millions of dlliars will 1)0saived
aiunnully to th Ip lroduIcorH.
U:niPost: 01 Till-: Ai5ocIA'TtON.
Now as to thle ob)jecI tndl pur
poses8 of I tho association: WVo 1)ropose
to obtain, wit hin our Own ranks, anrd
for the proteetton of the p)roducors,
correct sttitienO! miformation iln ro
gaird to IhIo I it contditioni of I ho cot
tont crop~ prior to arid duIring the p)0.
ruod of hiarvetinrg in order to ascer.
of the crops to bo haurvi3sted, andl( theo
secretaries of the local anb-crgan
izations in tito various cotiis and(
militia districts wvill b)0 kept in close
touch with the nmodncmr8,1 ... oe.
Comlprll-ed wihI ithoso of th. eiar pro
v'i()u1, anMd ('stlonating tOm probaibli.
amount ofroto to bw hartvvttd in,
suchl neighborhIo4Ad-. With thi", in
foImlation coming direcv !y from (he
prodnlerni ai flro llSo lirgo t 111m.
heri of Im-al smirevH, a nly) Coo--rect
etic. lo oen s!,wd ill o ho tui
siat.. of wiri- .,This invmid of ot,
- l'ig tiormardion ll .,o Ikpp;y
I,. the4 cotton arrI PkIO ill th 1w HprinIIg,
the I illoilt o' fort i; ilors aet tually
uOd und -r then"ir1111, a for s11ow
ilg I I' (lolilif Im of tIhe gr w-\h dr..
ill Iw lioA fif (i11tivat-io.l (iinnel-t
Ir 1 il\ nitod f( joill (oIr a 4sovilit ionl,
ill I1 1 hIIll-oilAl -'b- mi wo vxt-ct to o1)
nin1 absoh01tely corrit inftration.
EI.r bah r < f 1d nvtill llppared fol
im1arket must.of nwev.'sity pav.s through
I ho liamd.4 of th giiors. IostI
(ards d111dIresst-d Io iiillhartes vill
1be9 pliteo. in, io hi ,mas of ovory gin
nic.r. I I-triughoit I Ill (oto)n) I wit. I
havo already ill ily p9session tho
1111110 aInd postoflleo aIdrlivK of overy
ginnor ill South Caro'ina, Gworgia
nilil Aiahmuli, aboiul tol thouiald.
ve4ry Satti a vt layIi night tIo se geinII1rm
will ho re<Ilestid to writo onl tsIlv
)otall cars 111 nuber I f Ibnlos
ginmed t hat wv-.,k, anid limil the inlfor
m1111tionl. 1E..Ny tit noxt wook wo
will know tihe( a11!ct imlovellmit, of the
crop, and, by thli Ii-st of Deenber,
th closo of tim ginning vensoll, Wv
will know exit1ly tlm? h,3r.11 of tho
c101. Under x is(ilg conditi on li j
information emillot, 10 Obl.tod for
twolvo lontlt:s, oylImig efter th
crop ha1s p"aud out of tho handIs of
Fi xlNo9 'I:I 1'al).
Tho associat.ion bving ill poss
sionl of the facts, and knowOing tho
Illoillit of cotion to ho produced,
based upon tho best andot imlost rolit
blo SM, of Statistics over. obtainod
from anily Source, will bo inl poHitionl
to fix at fair privo for th1 raw mato
rial deliverod ait. th port.s. Boforo
fixing Iho price, however, wo proposo
to find out th( Iro amount, of Amer
ican cotton re<inirod for consumption
ill 12 montlw, and tho prico for
which tho linihlied fbricis i offor(l
for fualo. Wili i correct knowlOdgo
of tho amnount, of cotton to bo har.
vested, tho nimber of bales requirvd
for conumiption by tho mills, and
the prieo of Co" tonl poods, it will bo
finl (1Sy 11111r) to determinm a1 fait.
plico for tho rIv Inah'iild.
OlrrlA I N No 'r :Pa 02110.:.
Ini orde'r to forco9 th1e paym211111 of
t1 lhe jus,pice byv thle bu(y01rs. of 'our
'ol 1on , it. will be( necessa8iry t-o f am8sh
the supp1)13 commensu'J911rate 0with the.1(
demand11(. Thi- cani 1be don1e1 only b~y
mallrk9tin the~ erop th(j)IIrough a1 longer
pe(riodI of ti ini , anrd furn1ishling onr
sp~jinne(rs with1 , tock aii needed44. lie'ro
is whero wo se'l(k thle co-eoratlonl of
our1 11 bak(ers. (!:oItton, p)roperlzy waEro
housedl9 1n in1(111r1ed(, is asi goodI sieeni
rity as8 a gove'rnmeuitoi bond0, aInd 18 80
recoogize by9 13991 our 1 baks. A farmer
c111 store a1 portionl of his crop in
warehou0189s, usin1 g warehouse15 receip)ts
for collateral s'cuIrity with which101 to
Iborrow'I neede1 fun to mee h 110. t atur
inig olIigations. Thousan11ds of indo.
lPOndent,I farnm'r1 ennl hold their1 cr'ops
1at 1home9. ThIis will givo a1 strong
heanlthIy marI)kl, 1to th1os0 who aro
comlled Ito 10 Nll , and( they #1~will he
a1 unIit. inl favo'r bf the( m1ovOement.
They13 wonId preifer to pay at higheor
pl1ies' as8 needed0t than11 to b)e for'cod to
buy)3 a 12 mont ha' suly~3 inlh .91das
aIt low'I p)rices. They03 aro( forced into
1110 mariiket as~ spe9cuilorsj and aire
com1)1pelledl to uso0 all thii'1r capital
wit.h w1hi 1to buy1 ~otton for. whwch
they hav abso180 9lutly no0 11ood, anud
canno1t uso0 for I() or 12 mfon,hs8.
T1hey musl-t havio a1 big margin in or
deCr to moot1913 any (av01rso flnctuiationis
of the cottoni goods marllk(et so many
talk(9 a bus1ines8 view of t he situa1tion
in forcing peoplh to buly our cotton
whenOl t.hey do not. wanlit it, wo mfust
necept the penahlty which thle pur
chalsor aittaches to the salo1, thait is, a
price far below its true valuo.
CAN cONI'ol Sl,jU,%rboN.
\\'o sluil Iowerr havo a better op.
p".. "ty (of bcoming completo ma111s.
ters of iie situation than that which
is presolio I i at this tillie. There
will be no surplus cotton carried
over from tho ]last crop to affect the
salo of the next crop. The mills in
ill parts of tho world are already
short of cotton, fnd must come
acti.-v iito tho market as buyers.
Never berr in the history of the
Worl(l his t her existcd so great. a
d1rnd for cotto: goods, and with
correspondingly b)i,- prices for the
finishied fabric. Tho moills must11 havo
111W cotton, which will be in our
toissionl, anld if we kniowy anld domlland
its true value, it, will bo paid. With
alroAdy ani estimated crop of loss
tIn t0,10,000 balos, wo should re
C(Iv0 niot less than 10 cents por
p(und for our cotton this season.
With the un1ited concert. of aiction
and it tiUlod of marketing the crop
im t buismess liko ma1111nner, thero caln
be nto qulestion of success.
PuTni1111: oy COTTON.
Fifty years ago, the world con
su11m0d only two andl(1 it half millions
of batei of cotton, today it requires,
for 11111nual conlsumptionl, eighteon
million bales, an incroaso of over
700 per cei, in half a contury. At
one filme, wool, flax and silk wore
liive comptitors, but this Competi
tionl 110 loniger vXistH. Machinery
iats bmoen prfected which will make
Cotton goods ne0arly as warm as
woolonl, its cool as linen, ind as fin
:is silk. Cotton today occupies a
peorless posiJoln in the trade of tho
word, anid is moro king today than
it, iniy timo inl its past history. Tho
South irnishes two-thirds of the
raw cotton of t ho world, and she will
always control the 'cotton markets of
the world. Nowhero else on the
globm aro those throo ossentials nec
emsary in the production of cotton
SOil, rainl find sunishin11, No nicely
blended its hero in tho South. There
ar1-e today 105,000,000 spindles in
oporation, they furnishing enough
cot ton to kivep in constant uso 75,
000,000 spindles. Of this number
about 5,O000 spindles are located
in the Soulti, hardly 5 per cent. of
tlie cotton manufacturing industry
of thIto world. The Earopean nations
will always look to the 5'outh for the
raw material necessary to furnish
clothing for their peoplo. Our cot
tOl trado is fast ontoring the terri
tory of the Asiatic nations, where
1nore tha1n1 500,0t0,000 o0)1 await
the initroduciioni of our cotton goods
to) rocoi ve themn for conisumption.
MA 1t11N 0'F) DIFF?.iFN('E TOO (onEAT.
TIhe mallrgin of dI i1e renice betwen
thle price of ou r raw cot toni, and the
fintisliod fabric has been too groat in
favor of Ite manufactuarers. Lot us
illustrato. Tholi malrket for our long
stalilo cot ton openied ls eio ti
at priceA fixed by3 theI buyers att 9 Cents
per'i pound. A lairge amiiount of the
stapjlo wasF sold lit thant prie rind
shi Pped to the factories in the east.
TVhe yairns mtaniufactuIred1 from sea
island have been soiling at from 00
cents to $1. 10 per' pound. Th'e
Conates-Williamniit ic aind other thread
1 mnufactu rers are tday marketing
eight dozen spools of thread from
one0 poundtt of long staple cottoun.
The mnrufacturers' price on th reaid
is 52 cents por dozen, the retailers'
price 00 cents. Thio farmer who
buys throad for his family is paying
M.[80 for the sameii amount of cotton
wvorkrL up into a finished fabrie,
which lie sold last year at 9 cents
WOnLJJD 'l"oToN sUPP'1LY.
\Ve are now faced with an actual
cotton famine in the world's supply,
if dlemandrI( k~oop pace with that of
the last 12 months. It is already
conceded that the South cani harv-st
this season but a little more thman
9,000,000 bales. The mills havo
consumed 11,000,000 bales during
the p)ast 12 months, made up of the
2,000,000) bales surplus carried over
from the crop of .1898 iad the 9,.
500,000 bales harvested in 1899.
According to present domnand the
Amnerican supply will fall short more
than 2,000,000) ba1os for consump
tion before another crop) can be*
planted, culti-vated and harvosted,
Concluded on 4th nage.