Newspaper Page Text
VABLfIHEF.%D 1865. j.UED..NOE111.4JL
-N E -RY
STABL SH ED 805. -NEWBERRY, S. C. TpUESDAY, N(OVEMIE 0 ~I, (1900~O. TWICE A ET 1~A~'A1
The biggest 1
town. People, yl
new stuff for the
sells goods as ch
goods for same r
Dress Goods ai
Thousands of yards
and Silks for less than o
stores ask for the same
no merchant in upper C
show a better assortr
Dress Goods than we dc
your winter outfit befc
broken. We have enou
to sell every woman and
-County their fall outfit
TRYING TO CONTROL
THE COTTON CROP.
HTATI ASSOCIATION 11RLD (1001)
To Co-opierate Wit Other slatri.01o
gation will be Sent to thei Natiolial
Convention in Maco il h N
(The State, Ist.)
The Cotton Growers' itsociation
of South Carolina mot last night in
the county court house and after ai
thorough discussion of the situation
determined to push the work of or
ganizing the farmers of South Caro.
lina so as to control the cotton crop
in cooperation wit,h the other cotton
growing States. The association also
decided to send a full delegation to
the meeting of the national associa
> tion this monthI.
There were about 5i0 farmers pres
ent when the meeting was called to
order by the president, J. C. Wi!
born. The secret ary, J. R. Blake,
was at his poet.
Mr. Wilborn referred to the meet
ing of the cotton seed oil men recent
y' held here, at which they decided
to combine for the purpose of reduc
ng the price of seed. He said it
was determined to pay $13 per ton
for seed, which is 19) cents per bush
el, while the former price was thirty
cents per bushel. Hoe said the only
way to fight such organizations as
this was to meet .organization with
organiz~ation. Mr. Wilborn then ad.
dressed the meeting as follows:
Gentlemen of the Convention: The
State Convention of Cotton growers
met at Greenwood September 12th,
1900. It was then decided after ma
ture deliberation to organize a State
organization and oflicors were duly
appointed for one year until Septem
ber 12, 1900.
It was decided to compactly or
. ganize each county in this State with
a view of gett.ing a more accurate re
port of ginning and marketing of
the cotton, and to interchange views1
and information from all the cotton
States, for the purpose of obtaining1
fair and just prices for our cotton
and cotton seed products. UJpon my
suggestion an adjournment of the
Cotton Growers' Convention was had
to meet in Columbia during Fair
' week at my call: therefore I named
-Ootober 31st, at 8.30 p. in., as the
)ay in the A
3tore in the towr
:u know, love t,
power and out
noney, or same i
of Dress Goods Ar
ne-half the other is th
goods. There is this
,arolina who can New
nent of Ladies' Styli
. Come and get
>re the stock is
gh Dress Goods HE
girl in Newberry our I
I AU Ball'sI
time for the Convention to moot ill
the city of Columbia at the county
Each county was invited to bc
fully reprosented by delegations, the
numbor of delegates not to be re
stricted. All counties are urged to
organize at once by electing a prosi.
dont., one vice.president, secretary
and treasurer, and advisory board of
The constitution and by-laws of
bhe State of Georgia have been adop.
ted as far as they apply to South
Bonded warehouses to be estab
lished at all local markets wherever
required by the books and members
2f the Association.
WVarehouso receipts to be issued
rind negotiated at nearest bank as
ollateral security for money borrow.
Each producer shall control the
ndividual sale, if he desires to dis
pose of his cotton before minimum
price fixed by the Association is of
rered by the buyer-ho shall be at
perfect liberty to do so. A fair and
ust price for cotton and cotton seed
anf be fixed and maintained in the
South by united concert of action,
y holding b)ack the surplus crop, if
ny there may be, and markoting
~he crop during the twelve months
>f the year to meet the demands of
he mills in all parts of the world.
Ginners throughout the cotton belt
svill be supplied with postal ca-ds
iddressed to headquarters of the
State Bureau, wit h request th)at each
3aturday night the number of bales
inned that week will 1)e forwvarded.
The secretaries of county organi
~ations wvill be in close touch with
he producers, and careful estimates
lado on existing crop conditions
~vill be sent weekly to the State
The cotton growers have the cot
~on botter in hand today than they
have had for thirty years, and they
aro warned that they have no reason
to become unduly alarmed that the
mills are closing down to depress a
rair price of cotton, You are re
minded that when cotton sold as
bigh as thirty cents a pound, it was
For the past three years I have
Labored in senson and out of season
3 trade where th(
Fhat's what the I
let places us in a
)oods for less mo
O- illiery! Milli
other shipment just ol:
e fourth shipment of Mil
fall. I am selling more I
all the other millinei
berry cumbined. Whei
sh Hat come direct to hE
Shoes! Shoes! S
reiswherewedo the I
)usiness continues to g
)mpelled to rentanothei
department grows i
Vith the cotton growers to organize
in order that they might the itiort
intelligently plant and mar,.et the
Many of you remeniber the inter
State Convention that I called tc
meet in Atlanta December, 1807,
and the great disappointment wt
felt at the policy of delay that W'I
then shown. A decrease of acreag<
was then urged, and from that da)
to this the indivtdual effort of th<
intelligent cotton grower has bon t(
raise his supplies for his farm al
home, thereby decreasing the acro
age. I desire to urge anow the hog
and hominy plan--makeI le farm
self-su pporting, raise cotton as th
surplus crop. Do this and we wvill
have the greatest country in the
world. Do this and1 the country
home will again reach its high p.lace
and regard in the minds of the youth.
The country home should be the
happiest and most independent place
in the wvorld. A kind p)rovidence
has aided us, in dlemonstrating Io
the moat skeptical mind that we
have been raising too much cotton.
We today stand'in a better condi
tion to manage the cotton situation
than at any time since the war of
1860 (i5. We have assembled here
tonight to devise the best ways and
means for the future handling of our
cotton and( cotton seed products oni
the market. A change in the man
noer of marketing this great money
crop is absolutely demanded. The
present system of selling gives the
advantage to the buyer and leavos
the individual produacer ab)solutely
as slay in the hands or the potter.
Let us agree to have a say in selling
WVe propose to obtain within our
own ranks and for the protection of
the producer correct statistical infer
mation in regard1 to the true condli
tion of the cotton crop prior to and
dunring the period of harvesting, in
order to ascertain as nearly as possi
ble the aclount of crops to be har
vested, and the secretaries of local
sub organizations in various town.
ships will be kept in touch with the
producers, and weekly reports mailed
to headquarters, indicating existing
conditions as compared with previ
ous years, estimating the p)robablo
amount of cotton to be harvested in
such neirghborhoods. This metho
Veek in the V
gh Marches 4
rhe biggest Stock
Ay can buy the CI
>eople want. It's C
position, beyond t
ney. Every depa,
i every day.
berry in Fim
low and te
lened. This 6sfa-ey."
.adies' Hats Ca
y stores in
I you want a i aI dVtr' inled
,adqUarters. to "loilo i 1i C"'
Iwest, nobbiest II)
to beI h1d.
1[e! 100 Phi msh CIlls
>usiness. If " "
row we will " N" J" ,
store. Our 2
>re popular "0 Childrel's Ne
will a8lso apply to cotton aerelgo in t<
the spring, and the amount of fortil- t<
izors actually used under tihe crop,
showing the condition of the grow- h1
ing crop, during tho period of growth. ie
Ginnors are expected to aid us. w
FiXIN PmICE. 9
T he Association being in posses. 1.
sion of theso facts and knowing the 0
amiount of cotton to bo produced,
based upon the most reliable statis- 0
tics, will bo in a position to fix a fair (1
price for raw material delivered at
pors. Bofore fixing te price, how
over, we propose to find out the truo
amount of American 3otton reqpIirod C(
for consumption, And the price of W
thie finished fabric oloreod--with cor
rect information of amount of cotton
to b)e harvested-the number of
bales req(uired for consumption by
mills, the price of cotton goods, and
it will b)e an easy matter t.o dleter- i
mine a fair price for rawv material.
olITAIN1No TVini PRIciE.
T1o get a just price from the buyer i
of our cotton, it wvill be essential to ,
furnish tile suIpply conmmensulrato f
with the de'mand. This can only be
(lone by marketing the crop thIrouigh
a longer period of timo and furnish-11
ing spinnters withI stock as neoeded.
Here is where we seek and are ent i
tied to tl$e aid of the banker. Cot
ton plropierly housed0( and( insured is
as good soecurity as a government
bond. We now have an opportunity
of becomling complete masters of the
situation. Tihore will b)0 no suirplus 14
carried over till next year. Thel) miills
in all parts of the wvorld1 are short of
cotton. Never 1has thiero existed aj "
grgator demand for cott on goods.t
'[he mills must have raw cotton, t I
whlichl will be in our possession, and1)
if woe knowv and( demand its true value th
it will bo paid1(. The world1 is nIOW
face to faco wvith a cottoa famine, if
doemands keep pace with tihe last ~
twelve months. The imills consumedl -1
11,100,000 bales du1ring thle past
twelve monthli, mad1e up of 2,000,000
bales0 surplus carried over from crop "i
of 1898 and( tihe S,O00,000 hiarvos:ted1t
The latest move has beon for the wa
spinners to comb)ine anid shut doewn 04
for sixty days, so as to stagnatoe W
tradoe and dlepress present p rices of te
raw cotton. The qluestion for yo or
to (dotormino is, whether you, after at
knowing thn sitnation. nre preparedaw
in town and we
:apest, and get t
i positive fact th
he shadow of a
Lent is full up, c
We do the business of I
n Shoes. Our prices al
mpting they actually
ies and Jackets!
to make this departmenit in my store
trolinit. .I van show youi, at, ny til
J most up to dato lineo of Clapvs ard,
for this sale onlly PS. worth $1.35.
JlngSwVeep for this sale onlY %v.1) wort)
1tr Longsweep, ais long as they lIast,
lst openeod, as i long ats they Ilust, .2.1 .
4vr lis long, its t Ilov ist S 1.00, $.2
stitnd and deliver aind bo dictato( e
by organizations miles laway.
Follow citizonls, such is not your
istory, anld shollld not be 3olr iol.
Y, but wo should Imet. orgniization
ith organizittion. For wint (if or
aniziat ion compactly forimei you lre
ing fleeced to the great, detrimeit
hom1O1s anld fiimilies.
Thel cottonl Hood Colllbination is anl.
her organization thaint should ib
[ilt, with, inl tho samlle mageisure, b:
n(ited aictionl and wit'hl the sanli
>ren they attempt to ulso against us.
They Imleet and agreo to giv a 'i
>rtami prico. Lot ns agroo that w
ill only3 8ell for a certain-ii oou
ytton Heed. As it is now, tho polito. o:
sor Rob) Roy is not evenl in) vogn0 s
hen t.hey takeoi or cotton seed. f
Th'Ie secretary, J. lU. Blake, (lien e
ad( the mi)in utes of thie laust. moet.
g, wvhich woro* appihroved.
Mr. J. H1. McCalla of Abbevillo
as8 first to alddress thie chir . Hle il
~red with the objects of th10eiot.- y
g, bu1t did1 rot see ho~w aniything b)
Ii ho dono1 unless tho Southlern o,
rmers aIgrod1 to) control the out put
CJongressmian A. C. Laltimo)r said
had( neOver501 oon3anythig piractical
poinut and1( h,ad hleard 1nothin ig praIO
al1 tonight. Unless t hero was somol
ing definmte in View it is usoloss to
Mr*. 11. M. Cross said there wais 1no e
>od1 ill an organIizaItionl un110ss the
mn law wero repoaletd. I
This dlid not1 creante anry sensation1.a
Mr. S. HL. McGhooe of (Areenvillo
id1 the farmers could niot control
e situat ion alone1. Theliy mnust ha IvO
0 o ooration of buIsine1ss meni aind
mikers, and( hoblieheived tha~t oven
I COt ton mill men01 would join them). f
103y had donio so in Geoorgia, and1( in
nwood ai mi)1ll)residen.rt is 0n the y
('cuivo I Ocomm Iitteo0. The111 main oh
r-t I.- to take thell crop out of thle
mIds of s4JpCenlators.
CJongresrumani Lt imer salid th
ill men(S could orgaizo/. and1 leave14
o farmers to hold the baig. I
Mr. 4J* A'.(I?lorin of Orangeburg
mnted to know whati it is they want - 11
to orgarizo. HIe said1 if the wor1 il
mts 10,000,000 bales and thle Uni. l
1 St.tat ('s raised only 8,000,000, oIl hvI
count)1ries wol raise thle b)Ialce
(1 this5 country would( 1)0 t hat mneiiil
>rso ot1. wVn sannu rais aln th
Month in th
are enjoying th
he best selectior
at no other stor
doubt, to offer
hock a block.
J ew I o't, buy your Capo4
"e SO meiei I am no( to ho u
look compet)(ition,, pm.IalIiziIg
100 doz. LadioH' Iorsey
100 " 4 i
100 "M issies' Itld (h
SQCOmd 3alos best, Drilling
2n-o, th, " l es .413d Ti(-kinlg
k00) doz. Miss.eS' 11o4o (,
I 100 piveos 'Jains for III
$200 0 st Calicosoi
TakO at daLl 01off it brill
otton the worl wit.H, ai hin or
anlizo to buy tho crop. Ho had
Ludied nid litudied anld didn'tli know
-Ihat ought. to be (on1.
Dr. J. P. Steppo of Spart..burg
tid you could got, a few miien i. in
rgan1ization for pl-ronal ronolis,
itr political mllotivvS, for it little no
Nrity, but you cat,1t got hLe msstS.4 of
hie firm1er.s inlto it. I'olitics III S
illed overy orgliniz;ition Ithe farin
rS altve sitrited. If you canl got
hIo farmer to raiso their own sup
litii you wlll solvo the problei.
1101 they wont litve tto give iIIS
Id borrow money. 'lhey wont, need
nly bondedl wa'rehiouses'. Thoi farmiis.
f t.his Sinto) iare be'ing (cut ny into
mall tracts anid run by3 intelligent
tirr. We haiv(o ani aigricuiltunrali
r1lle to teachl thle boys to farim.
Te cot ton m ills of' 1 hi tto r~e i
>nitrolleud 1by South Catroliniuans, but11
hion thle caiilist ut8p north crack
10 whip th s1 outhern i il mon101 yelp).
inaitions~ ini the north, but we( have
rio lie am tnong t ho mi iili mon.
What we need is an intellIigent ag
cul t uratl class8 who1 will risou cot toni
ita surpltus Crop.
Mr. ,J. IL Blakoe san they liad an
4-ganiizait ion arulit h ie thint g to dlo wasH
perfolt~et this orga.niz:itiona by3 Ctl cn
I'M and apoiint. at dlegaptionl to ait
iid thle Nat tina. Cot ton ( rowers'
mhvtiIion ini Maeon. U'ntil t he or
in izi Oin is thloronigbily peorfeted(
icy are not ina posit ion to aict upon
m following resiolut ion:
"RIosoI ved. Thait thle Oxrecutive
flnmi ttteos perfe.ct the organ iat ionf
the va1rious~ counrt is anid that the
mir apin))Ot. a del'egtion0 of one
omn each congressional district to
pr)osen)t the cottont growersi' con
~ntion~ of SouthI Carolinia in tho
mnvent ion of the National Cotton
row(ers' ass8ociat ion, which mee3ts at
aicon on Novemb) er 20th."'
Thlaiis resolut ion wvas eventual ly
IOpted0(, but1 niot unrtil 4on-r)ail had
ill, dliscuss!ed at some lenigth thie
tuantin, laying stress uponI thle lion
w and( alrguing thait the nooed1 ii
As to cotton seed, we ought to go
>mio anid urgo( e'very one that haus
tton Reed to hold it n hna no
e biggest trade in
is, stylish bright,
e in the Carolinas
the people better
.r ticket until you see our lino. (Ro
l(Irsold). Noto a few of the many
Iibbod V'sts for this salo 12,.',. worth 20c
.t , " " 6 " t " ) ' worth 410c.
II1rn- " " 4 " " 5 " 25c.
"1 " " .c "I 7c.
"4 " " A I c "t 100.
mily wr., worth double.
on's iarits for this sill, 15c. worth 20c.
" 20c. worth 256c.
16 1 44" 25 . worth 33..
h 1 is sale, -3.10. vorth 5c.
m Calico, -1 . worti 61c.
y0u1r fiilily to SOO Miinaugh's 3ig
doubt, there is colbinattion of oil
mill 111en, anld tho vay to light it is
to hold tho soed. The ignorant farm
ers, t1ho flegroes, make tho most cot
ton aind they will tako the advice of
anl litolligeit man.
llaj. W. It. M1auldinl was not a
farmer, but ho bolievod in organiza
tion. H1o called on one of the lar
gost planters of nho second district,
Col. L. V. Yomans, to give his
There wor I calls for Younmans,
ail aftor soina hesitation he camo
forward. Col. Youninus said he had
wonderd if it woro possible to or
gilnizo the cotton lanters of the
Unitied States. it is acknowledged
that it is mosit dliflicult to organize
thie agriculturald class, as1 some1 01n0
hans satid, "Thoy are the nat,ural prey
of every other vocation."' TIho mill
men, t he oil mlen, the ginners and
thie jut mit n 111combino anmd the price
of cottoni and1 cottoni seed good down
aund that. of ginning and1( jnte goes
Col. Youmians reviewed the situ.
at ion at length, dlelivering what was
really ani addiress uponl the wvorld's
produlctioni of cotton, liHold~~of'
his8 experienCe at the mooting in
Miemphis wvhoni the Nattijonal Ootton
Girower's convention was organuized,
he boeing vice-president for this St,ato.
Ho said the farmers west of the Mis.
sissippi (lid not want ain organiza
tion, as they thought they coulel
drive out of thie business th3 farmerm.
east of the .Mississippi. UJnless no
caln get the co-operation of these
western States we can accomplish
practically nothing. Still he b)ehoved(
ini organization and1( seconded the
Mr. D). I". 10fird made(1 a1 very prac
tical suggestion, which was that a
vote he taken on the resolutions.
This was (1011 and the resolutions
ad(opted. The meeting then adjourn.
was5 so uinwell that he gave up the
chair to Mr. WV. M. Rtainsford, of
Eddgoliold, who p)resided the greater
part of (lie session. Mr. Wilborn
will appoint the committee author
ized ini the resolutions at a later day.
The convention last night was
comp)osed of some of the most sub
stant,ial farmers of the State, men
wvho are scientific farmers and in
fluential citizens, and it is not im
probalble that they wvill be able to
carry out their ideas. The organiza
tion was started this summer at
GJroonwood and is intended to be a