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EfTABLIS'IED FEBERRY, S. C., UEIAJNRY 9, 11)01. TWICE WE,$.0AYA
AN INTERESTING PROGRAM.
TWCNTY-FOURIl ANNUALR'A TECON.
V- N TION
South earokua V..uoig M,ilm's 6!1hr!xtv.e%
Association, umtr- r, I'. b 14-17, a901.
Remember tho covivoution opens
Thursday evening, Februat% 14th.
All college asocin, i n- ar! urged
to elect their new ,itlicers prior to the
State convention. By so domig it
will enable your newl) elected Pre.4i
dent to attend the "Presidents' Con
ference," on Thur-1day, Feb. 141h.
It will consist of two sessions of two
hours each. N.) college association
should fail to have its president at
this important conferenco. It will
be in charge of internatioval 8-ero
tary Anderson and ecretar% Kne
All delegates will be entertained
by the good people of Sumter. En
tertainment cannot be assured to del.
egates who fail to send in their ore
dential coupons by Feb. Ilth. Cou
pons should be sent to C. M. Hurst,
Jr., Chairman Convention Commit
tee, Sumter, S. C.
All delegates or visitors are re
quested to report immediately upotj
arrival at the offices of C. M. Hurst, Jr.
The usual opening session on Tues
day afternoon has been dispensed
with. It is therefore hoped that
every delegate will be on time for
the opening session on Thursday
evening-aud remain until the close,
Sunday evening. The committee
hopes, that delegates will plan to
avoid Sunday travel.
Owing to the limited capacity of
hotels, It is impossible to secure re
duced rates. Delegates who ordi
narily prefer hotel entertainment are
urged to accept the hotipitality of
Sumter's comfortablr homes.
Reduced rates have been secured
on all railroads. A-certain from
your ticket agent immediustely wheth
er or not he has received instructions.
This is important.
Do not fail to bring 3 our Bible
and a good note book.
For credentials or other informa
tion, write A. G. Knebel, State Sec
retary Y. M. C A , Charleston, S. C.
Sessions in the First Proshyt- rian
Thursday, Februar) 141 h. 7.30
Opening Exercises. Jame-> Allan, Jr.,
Chairman State Committee. 8 00
Address, "The man for the Honr."
Bishop Tlliso,n Cipers of S.u h Caro
Friday, Februar) H15 h. 9 00
Opening Ex.arciaus.. Rev. Jas. A.
9.15 Permanent organizition. Re
port of State Executive Committee.
9.80 Quiet Hour. Rev. H C.
10.30 Papers and discussion, "The
Association as a spiritual force among
men." a. To what extent should we
depend upon public meetings as a
moans of saving, strengthening and
luilding up young men.? WV. C.
Lowe, Charleston. b. What place
should Bible study hold in our work ?
C. T. Helm, Columbia. c. What can
we do to cheek the desecration of the
Sabbath? Rev. Melton Clark, Flor
ence. d. What can be done to pro.
mote personal purity ? Dr. E. A.
Friday afternoon. 3.00-Opening
exercises. 8.15 ''Winning men
Qualifications for doing the Work."
Rev. John Kershaw, Charleston.
3.30 "The Association as a Spirit
tial force among Students. H. P.
Anderson, New York City. a. In
reaching new students. b. In pro
mating the study of the Word of
God. c. In winning studenits to
Jesnt Christ. d. In leading students
t6b promote the Evanigelizationa of the
This coi,ference will be of special
value to the Colb-.ge meni it will
be thrown ope'n for a general diis
Fri4ay evening. 7 80-Song ser
vIce. Rev. Jas. A. Dorritee. 8./10
Address-"The Association as a so
cial, educational and rehigious force
in the c'mmmni y." Rev E 0.
8.80 Address-"The Association
as a force among railroad men."
H. 0. Williams, New York City.
Saturday, Feb. 16th. 9.00-Tes
9.30 "Winning men-the means
to be employed." Rov. John Kor
9 45 Paper: "The Association as a
physical force." a. What are we
doing to mo-4t. the physical needo of
yomuig mn ? b. Wherein do we dif
for from athletic clubsY c. What
Khould he thi- relation of the Chris
tian work,r to athleties? Chas.
10 15 P., por: "The Association as
an Edicat.,onad force." a. To what
class of men sh uld the work be
chiefly dir. et--t? b. What are its
limitations? c How may we best
nccupy the iL,ld? d. Wfiat educa
tional wirk is practicable in towns
and villages? Prof. W. Zack Me
Oboe, Assistant to State Sup'tof Ed
10.45 Paper: "The Association as
a Social Force." a. What kind of
regular Social Work is feasible in the
average Association? b. What is
gained by grouping men according
to their tastes? c. What is the trib
utary value of a strong Social Work ?
J. A. Dorritee, Charlotte.
11.15 "South Carolina Association
in 1901." H. 0. W illiams, New York
Saturday afternoon. 3.00-Open
ing Exorcises. 3.15 "Winning Men
-the spirit in which one should
work." Rev. John Kershaw.
3.30 Paper: "The Association as
% force among boys." a. Why im
portant. b. What is the most effect
ive way of helping them? E. G.
4.00 Paper: The Association as a
3piritual Force among young men
in towns and villages." a. Is spe
,ial work for men needed? b. Is it
advisable to attempt organization
without close supervision? c. Is
3ounty work a solution of the prob
lem? d. What can the correspond
ing member do in communities hav
ing no Associations? A. C. Bridg
4.45 "A-sociation Men." H. P.
Anderson, New York.
5.00 0 30 The Coitvention will ad
journ to one of the public balls where
the Physical Director of the Charles
bon Association, assisted by class
leaders, will give a practical denom
itiation of physical culture as taught
in our gyranasiums It is also more
than probable that an exhibition
game of Ba-lot Ball will be played
het weent Chm,ti ton and Columbia at
Satn irda s even~iing 7.80 Song Ser
vice. Rev Jas A. Dorritee.
8.00 Address: "The E'vangeliza
ion of the world in this generatian
and the vital relationship of the As.
sociation work to this great object."
H. P. Anderson, New York.
Sunday morning, Feb. 17th-9.30
D.-legates' Consecration Service.
11 00 Divine Worship in the vari
Sunday afternoon. 3.00 Special
meeting for College delegates. H. P.
4.00 Mass Meeting for men in the
Opera House. Rev. H. C. Buckholtz,
4.00 Boys' meeting, Magnolia St.,
4.00 Women's meeting, Lutheran
Sunday evening. Union meeting
of all churches in First Presbyterian
7.80 Song service. 1Rev. Jas. A.
8 00 Addresses by the delegates.
-9.00 Farewell service. A. G. Kne
'Fo Infants and Children,
The Kind You have Alwa,s Bought
Sina er of
Until women stop b)uying trashy
ornaments and worse books they
sbould be merciful to men who buy
A pessimist is a man who prefers
artifioial light. to genuine sunshine.
A Brief Story of thfe Greounds ani Butilling1q.
The South Carolina Inter-Stato and
West Indian Exposition I Mill open inl
the City of Charleston, S. C., Decem
bor 1, 1901, and closed June 1, 1002.
The Exposition Company hi boon
chartered by the State of South Caro
lin, with a capital stock of $250,000.
Active work. upon the Exposition
project has only been in progress
since about the first. of August last,
and what has been accomplished in
the period that has elapsed since thou
is without parallel in the history of
exposition building. The site of the
Exposition will be on the eastern
bank of the Ashley River within a
mile and a half of the business cen
tre of the City of Charleston. The
groiinds are beautifully situated, and
will lend themselves to the m >st artis
tic treatment. One half of the
grounds will be devoted to the main
Exposition buildings, the Midway
Concessions and the Administration
offices of the great show. The re
maining part of tie grounds will pro
serve their pre,.unt great natural
beauty, and will be devoted to the
buildings and exhibits made by the
Government and the several States
of the Union, which will take part in
the Exposition. Some description
of the architectural features of the
Fair will be of general public interest.
The Exposition grounds are divid
ed into two main sections, one con
sistigg of the old Washington Raco
Course property and the other of the
Wagener farm formerly the Lowndes
place. The Architect-in Chief has
adopted the general plan of develop.
ing the Race Course proper on pure
ly constructive lines and of preserv
ing us far as possible the natural
beauty of the Wagener place. The
Race Course property has been eni
ployed for years for purely agricul
tural purposes, no races of any im
portance having been given there
since the War between the States.
This part of the grounds is entirely
level. No better site, in the opihion
of expert artists and builders, could
be found. About 22 acres have been
reserved on this part of the grounds
for the Midway Concessions. The
main Exposition buildings surround
a grand court at the western extromi
ty of the old Race Course. This
will be in shape something like an
elongated horseshoe, with the Cotton
Pilace, or main Exposition building,
occupying the toe of the shoe, with
the Commerce Palace and the
Agricultural Palace occupying re
spectively the two sides of the shoe.
These buildings, with their connect
ing colonnades, will extend for a dis
tance of about one mile. Within the
horse-shoe there will be a Sunken
Garden covering several acres, with
a like in the center. A wide esplanade
or Alameda about 00 feet in width
will surround this garden.
At the northern end of theo'garden
there will be a grand Plaza from
which a splendid'view will be obtain
eud of the main Exposition buildings.
The vistas opening out from this
point through groves of palmetto
trees which will line the outer edges
of the walks around the Garden wil
extend for a distance of 2,000 feet.
Just.north of the ground Plaza will
stand ,he Auditorium building,
directly opposite the Cotton Palace,
from which a view may be obtained
of the entire Court of Palaces, with
the Sunken Garden, and its trees and
flowers and the sloping banks which
surround it. Each of the Exposi
tion buildings will be 400 feet in
lenghth, with an average width of
100 feet, and, as already stated, will
be connected by colonnades, the con
strnction being such that the colon
nat les can be used for exhibits.
Among the special attractions of
the Cour of Palaces will be fountains
and bats of statuary and handsomely
designed columns of the Spanish
type, all contributing-to the beauty
of the scene. At one end of the
Sunken Garden, a music stand will
be erected, and at the other end a
pergola or lattico work screen,
against which will.grow during the
Exposition period, the most beauti
fiui of tropical vines. In the centre
of the Plaza there will be a sun dial
ten feet in height and thirty feet in
diameter. Which ovor way the eyo
looks, there will bo vio'ons of beauty.
Toward the south, the groat Court of
Palaces, toward the east, the towers
at. the entranco to the Midway, and
looking across the entrance way the
groves minarets of the Wagoner
The main Exoosition buildings
will be the Catton Palace, the Coi
merceo Palaco, the Agricultural
Palace, the Mining and Forestry
Building, the Auditorium, the striie
tures devoted to railroad exhibits, to
restaurant purposes and to public
comfort. Besides all these there
will staud on the W agener place the
United States Governinient. Duilding,
the Woman's Building, the several
Stato and City Buildings and the
Negro Depar menit.
The Cotton Palaco will be the
most imposing of the Exposition
buildings. It will cover upwards of
50,000 feet of floor space, will be 550
foot in length and at least. 100 foot inl
width. Ono of the features of this
building will be a magnificent port ico.
In the center of the building will
rise an imposing dome to a height of
more than 150 feet. In this building
will be displayed the products of the
Cotton Mills of the country, and, as
South Carolina is the leading cotton
manufacturing State of the South
and the second cotton manufacturing
State of the U0niou, it is expected that
the display in this building %ill be
the most complete and attractive that
has ever been mado.
The palaces of Agriculture and
Commerce will each contain about
forty thousand square feet of
floor area, in addition to their
connecting arcades which will con
tain in all about 20,000 square foot.
Each of these buildings will havo a
central dome and smaller turrets at.
the corners, emphasizing the en
trances to those as well as the center
pediments. The interior of these
buildings has been particularly de
signed for both effective artistic treat.
mont and practical utility. The
windows in all of these will be car
ried at least eight feet above the
floor, the roof trusses being con
structed u pon the cantilover princi ple,
thus avoidimg the usual massing of
unsightly wooden frame work and
emphasizing the granceful lines of
arches and circles. starting from the
principal do es and carried through
the wings and approaches.
The Administration Building is of
most attractivo design and will be
occupied by the officers and staffof
the Exposition. The Architect has
departed wid 'y from the usual style
in designing this structure. The
principal Exposition entrances and1
exits have been combined with it.
The central dome of this building
will be about seventy-five feet high
arid each wing will be flanked by
ether towers of lesser height but
equally artistic design. In harmony
with the Spanish Renaissance type
which will prevail throughout the
Exposition architecture the building
will be covered with a wide over
hanging roof of corrugated Spanish
tiles. At the centre a wide balcony
or porch will project boldly into the
grounds. Inside the central dome,
which will be three stories in height,
a richly decorated colonnade will
support the overhanging gallery.
The Mineral and Forestry B3uild
ing will contain between- twenty anid
thirty thousand feet of floor' space
This building will stand directly op
posite the Administration building.
It will he circular in form, with flank
ing towers. The interior will be
open from the ground to the rafters
and the exterior effects of strength
and solidity will be gained by huge
masses of walls, the enrichment of
this structure being secured by spO
cial ornamentation of its principal
and aide~ entrances. The windows of
this building will be high above the
floor line anid the whole effect of
light and shade will be gained by
overhanging wvide cornices; the Span
ishi Renaissanwe and the Spanish
Mission'ty pe of archi ecture, as ex
emplified ini Southern California and
in Texas, being combined in a most
All of the main Exposition build.
ing will be connected in the large
circle surrounding the Court of Pal
A F.AioUs sToRY.
In the "Goorgia Scones" is the
typical picturo of horso swapping in
the olden days, which may provo
interosting to the present genoration.
It is the story of how Yollow Blos
somi bantored Peter Ketch and wais
properly caught.. Yellow Blossom
believed that he was just i "lootle
bit" of the best man at a horso swap
that "over trod in shoo leather."
After describing Bullot, Blossom's
horso, and Kit, the "critter" owned by
Potor Kotch, at somo length, the
story proceeds as follows:
"I toll you, man," proceeded
Yollow Blossom, "he is the best livi
horse that over trod the grit of
Georgia. Bob smart knows the
horso. Com here, Bob, and mount
this horso and show Bullets motions."
Here Bullet bristled up and looked
ai if he had boen hunting Bob all
day long and had jost found him.
Bb sprang on his back. "Boo-oo.oo!"
said Bob with a fluttering noiso of
the lips, ard away went Bullet as if
in a quarter race wit h all his beauties
spread in handsono style.
"Now fetch him back," said Blos
soim. Bullet turned and camo in
pretty imuch as he went out,
"Now, trot him by," Bullot re
duced his tail to customary, sidld to
the right and left fairly, and ox.
hibited at least throo varieties of
trot in the short space of fifty yards.
"Make him paco." Bob commenced
twitch;r* 'io bridle, and kicking at
the samo time. 'I i so inconsistent
movements obviously and most natur
ally disconcerted Bullet, for it was
impossible for him to learn from the
ir. thod whether he wits to proceed
or stand still. He started to trot and
wis told that wouldn't do. He at -
tempted a cantor, and was checked
again. He stopped and was urged
to go on. Bullet now rushed into
the wide field of experiment, and
struck out on a gait of his own that
completely turned the tables on his
rider and certainly deserved a patent.
It soomed to have derived its elements
from the jig, the minuot and tho
(o illi, n If it was not a pace it
in it, and no man would venture to
call it anything else; so it passed off
to the satisfaction of the owner.
"Walk him!" Bullet was now at
home again, and he walked as if
money was staked on him.
The stranger whose name I after
wards learned was Botor Kotch, hav
ing examined Bullet to his heart's
content, ordered his son Neddy to go
and bring up Kit. Noddy soon op
poured upon Kit a well-formed sorrel
of the middle size, arnd in good order.
His tout ensembles threw Bullet en
tirely in the shade, though a glance
was suflicient to satisfy any one that
Bullet had the decided adlvantage of
him iln point of intellect.
After a few banters, Peter Ketch
"Neddy take a couple of sticks
and heat on that hogshead at Kit's
Ned made a tremendous rattling
at wvhjeb Bullet took fright, broke
his bridle and dashed off in grand1
style, and would have stopp)ed all
further negotiations by going home
in disgust had not a traveler arrested
him and brought him hack; but Kit
did not miovo.
"I tell you, gentlemen," continued
Peter, "he's the scariest horse you
ever saw. Hie ain't as gentle as
Bullet, but he won't (10 any harm if
you watch him. Shall I put him in
a cart, gig or wagon for you,
stranger? He will cut the same
caper there lie does here. lie's a
monstrous mean horse."
lDuring all this timo Blossom wvas
examining him with the nicest
scruting. Having examining his
frame anid limbs he nowv looked at
"He's got a curious look out of
his etyes," saidl Blossom.
"Oh yes sir," said Peter, "just as
blind as a bat. Blind horses alwayi
have clear eyes. Make a motion at
his eyes if you please, sir."
Blossom did so, andl Kit throw up~
his head, rather as if something
pricked him under the chin than at
if fearing a blow. Blossom repeated
tho oxperiment, and Kit jorked back
in cousiderablo astonishment.
"Stone blind, youlsoo, gentlemon,"
proceeded Peter, "but'sho's just as
good to travel of a dark night as if
he had oyos."
"Blamo your buttons," said Blos
s0m, "if I liko thelI eyes.
"No,"said Potor, "n'or I either. I'd
rather havo them made of diamonds,
but they'll do-if they don't show as
much whito as Bullet's."
"Well, said Blossom, "mak a pass
"No said Potor, "you mado the
banter; now make your pass."I
"Well, I'm never afraid to price
my horso. You must givo me $25 to
"Oh certainly, say .50 and my sad
dIo and bri.1lo in. Hero Neddy, my
011, take daddy's horse."
"Well,', said Blossom, "I've madoI
lly Pass, now make yours."
"I'm for short talk in a horso swap
and thereforo always tell a gentlo
ma nat oncO what. I mean to (10.
You must give me Sl0."
Blossom swore absolutely, roundly
and profanely that he never would
"Well," said Potor, "I didn't caro
about trading; but you cut such high
shines, that I thought I'd like to
back you out, and I've done it. Gen-i
tomen, you soo I've brought him to
"Come old main," said Blossom,
"I've been joking with you. I begin
to think you do want L! trade. There
fore, givo mo $5 and take Bullet. I'd
rather lose $10 any time than not
mako a trade, though 1 hate to fling
away a good horse."
"Wll,"' said POtOr, "i'll be as
clever as you are. Just put, the $5
oil b. :et's back, and hand him over;
it's a trade."
Blossom sworo again, as roundly
as beforo, that he would not give
boot, and, said lio: "Bullet wouldn't
hold $5 on his back, noliow. But as
I bantered you, if you say an even
swap, here's at you."
"I told you," said Peter, "I'd be as
clever as you; the. efore, horo goes $2
more, just for trade's sako. Givo
me $3 and it's a bargain."
Blossom repeated his former assor
tion, and horo parties stood for a long
time, and the bystanders; many were
now collected, began to taunt both
parties. After siomio tine, howevor,
it v.as pretty unanimously decided
that the old man had backed Blos
At length Bllossom swore lhe "never
would 1)o hacked out for $3, after b)an
toring a man," and1( accordingly they
closed the trade.
"Now" saidl Blossom, as he handed
Peter the $3, "I am a man that, when
lie makes a bad trade, makes the
most of it until ho can make a better.
I'm for no rues and after claps."
"That's just my way," saidl Peter:
"I never goes to law to mend my
"Ah, you're tihe kind of a boy I
love to trade with. Hero's your
hess, old man. Take the saddle and
bridle off him, arnd PIl strip yours;
b)ut lift tihe blanket easy fromr Buil
let's back, for he's a mighty tender
T1he old man removed thle saddle,
but tIle blanket stuck fast, lie at
tempted to raise it, and Bullet bowed
himself, switchled his tail and gave
signs of biting.
"Don't hurt him, old man," said
Blossom archly, "take it off easy. I
am, perhaps, a loetle of the best man
at a horse swap that evar catched a
Pe~ter contmuilod to pull at the
blanket more and mor-o roughly, and
Bullet became more and more cavor
tish, insomuch that, when the blanket
camne off, he had reached lbha kicking
point in geood earnest.
The removal of the blanket dis
closed a sore on Bullet's backbone
that seemed to have defied all medi
cal skill. It measured six full in
ch108 in length, and four in breadth,
and hlad as many featumios as Biullet
had motions. My heart sickened at
the ight, and I felt that the brute
who had boen riding him in that sit
uation deserved the halter.
The prevailing feeling, however,
was that of mirth. The laugh be.
camo0 loud and general at the old
m1an's expense, and rustic witticisrrg
were liberally bostowed upon him and
his late purchase. These Blossom
continued to provoke by various re.
marks. He asked the old man if he
thought, Bullet would lot $5 lie on
his back. Hoe declared most seriously
that lie had owned that horse three
inonths, and had never discovered
beforo that ho had a sore back, "or
bo never would have thought of
Lrading him, etc., ole."
The old man bore it all with the
aost philosophic composure. lie
winced no astonishment at his late
liscovory, and made no replies, but
iis own son Noddy had not discip
mod his feelings quito so well. His
)yps opened wider and wider. From
ho first to the last pull of the blan
ot, and when the whole sore burst
1)on1 his view, astonishment and
'right soomed to contend for the
nastory of his countenance. As the
ulanket disappeared he stuck his
jands into his breeches pockets,
iraved a deop sigh and lapsed into a
Jrofound reverie, from which he was
)mly aroused by the cuts at his fath.
3r. le bore thom as long as he
,otil; and when ho could control
imself no longer, ho began, with a
.ortain wildness of expression, which
a11vO at peculiar interest to what he
Attered: "His back's mighty bad off,
Ait dod trot my soul if lie's put it to
laddy as bad as ho thinks he has,
ror old Kit's blind and deef, I'll be
lod trot if lie ain'."
"The devil ho is," said Blossom.
"Yes, dod trot my soul if he ein't.
You walk him and soo if he ein't.
tHis eyos don't look like it, but he'd
just as leave go again the house with
you, or in a ditch as anyhow. Now,
you go try him." The laugh was
now turned on Blossom, and many
rushwd to test the fidelity of the lit.
11o boys report. A few experiments
established it truth boyond con
"Meddy," said the old man, "you
ughtn't to try and make people
1iiscontented with their things,
Stranger, don't mind what the little
boy says. If you can only got Kit
rid of them little failings. you'll find
him all sorts of a horse. You are
a lootlo the best man at a horse swap
that ver I got hold of; but don't fool
away Kit. Como, Noddy, my son,
let's be moving; the stranger seems
to be getting snappish."
loara the Tho Kind You Have Awa s Bought
To the Boys of the New Century.
From the mountaiun peak of Progress
In the century to bie;
Through the autumn air this morning,
To the later chivalry,
Calls the Angel of the future,
A nid she speaks to you and( me.
Bring me mcen lo meet my problems --
Men of temipered metal wrought,
Wh'lo will dare the silent struggle,
WVith eternal meaning fraught;
Clutch andl conquer self-then, rising,
Resolute and battle-taught.
Quit the curlish mob01, and follow
In the vassalage of right;
Rout the skulking WVolf of darkness
WVith ruth's torches, blazing bright,
And believe a heavy burden,
L4ove-transfigured, will be light.
From the hilltop of the present,
TCo the Realm of Mystery,
TChroutgh the autumn air, this morning,
Tlo the Future's angel, we
Signal back a fateful message
Ahi, what will our answer be?
-Ernest Neal Lyon, in Success.
Roaru, th h Kind You Have Aiwa s 60Ugh
A WVoman wVithouit Heoateches.
There are, probably, few other
wvomen in this country as Mrs. S. T.
hIorer, the famous cook, or few who
earn as much money. Besides the
editorial work for The Ladies' Home
Journal, which involves answering
several thousand letters each year,
she conducts a big cooking-school in
Philadelphia, and lectures almost
constantly during the season, travel
ing through all sectiond of the
country, Mrs. Rorer has never had a
headache, she is never ill, and, in her
appearance, is certainly the best ex.
ample one could have of her tho
rios as to the right way to live.