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HON, GEORGE D, TILLMAN
NOrPD STA'EIVVAN 'ASSUS AWAY.
Sage of Clark'n 1111i-Ono of tile Ablest Ale
t Ills Age After Lonog aid flosiorable
service in National Ilouse of Bey
resenlativen Pases to Rest
Peacefully at I1s Unuln
[Special to the Chronicle.]
Clark's Hill, S. C., Feb. 2.-Hon.
Geo. D. Tillman died at 7 o'clock
this morning after an illness of some
Col. Tillman a short time ago took
a twenty mile drive on a cold rainy
day to one of his plantations. He
got thoroughly wet and slept in his
damp clothing and stood around on'
the wet ground overseeing some car.
penters while they were erecting
some tenement houses. From this
exposure he contracted c) stitii or in
flamation of the bladder and suffered
greatly. le passed away at 7 a. n.,
all the family except Liout. Tillmai,
7th infantry, now statioued in Alaska,
were present. Senator Tillman and
his family arrived here from Wash
ington this afternoon. The funeral
will take place hero Sunday at 2
o'clock. A large delegation from the
general assembly will be present, in
eluding Gov. McSweeney. He was
a soldier in the second expedition to
Nicaragua under Gen. Walker and
was woundod at the siege of Rievas.
He with Walker and Wheat planned
SKETCH oF IION OEO D TILLMAN.
Edgefield, 8 C. Jan. 2 --Every.
body knew "Unclo George," the
"Sage of Clark's Uill," who has livi d
so many years ii Edgefield, and who
has been all of his daNs at prominent.
figure in the politics of South Caro
lina; a man wh . has not only been
prominent, but a loader who had the
interests of the State at heart, and
who lead in ;uch a fearless manner
as to mako his political enemies fear
and respect him.
Every man in the State who reads
the foregoing will know without be
ing told that reference is made to
Hon. George D Tillman, a man true
Mr. Tillman was horn on the 21st
day of August, 1826. His father
was Benjamin Ryan Tillman and he
is a brother of United States Senator
Benjamin R. Tillman. - The brothers
are both noted men.
In 1863 Mr. Tillman married Miss
Margaret C. Jones, and has seveii
living children-Mrs. Dr. G. A.
Bunch, Mrs. 0. W. Buchannan, Lieu
tenant Governor James H. Tiliman,
Mrs. Dr. A. RI. Fuller, Mrs. T. B.
Bailey, Lieutenant Benjamin J. Till.
man of the United States army anid
Mr. George D. Tillman, Jr.-as well
as a number of grand children.
The Tillman family came fronm
Virginia many year' since and is
therefore one of tbe oldest families
in this county.
Mr. George D. Tillmnan lived at
Clark's Hill, in Edgefie'ld County,
and as stated above hi' was known us
the "Sage of Clark's Hill." H.' is
tall, large and has a comrmanding ap
pearance and would attract attention
anywhere, not only by reason of his
commanding appearance, but by hi.t
conversation andl the evidences that
he gave of a broad and well stored
mind. He is quick mentally arnd
never failed to make his opponents
fear and resnect him.
He received his early eduicartion at
Pnulield, in Georgia, and at Green
wood South Carolina; anrd his col
legiato educnti ,n at HarvardI, though
he did not graduate After leaving
college, he dlecideld to~ make law his
profession, and he came to Edgefield
Court House and read law under
Chancelior F. 11. Wardlaw, and was
admitted to the bar ina 1848, and'Jo
cated at Edcgefield. He practiced
law till the wvar between the States
Between 1850 and 1861, he was
for six years a member 6f the lower
house of the general assembly of
South Carolina, where he distin
guished himself. He entered the
war as a private, first, in an infantry
regiment, and t,ben in the Second
regiment of Sout b Carolina artillery.
Hie made a good soldier.
After the war, in 1865, he was a
member of the South Carolina recon.
struction constitutional convention in
which he took a very prominent part.
In a book, "The South Since the
War," published in 1806, the writer
of that book describes Mr. Tillman,
in part, as follows:
"A man of immense frame and
very considerable abilities, genial and
off hand, who quotes philosophy
from DeTocqieville, and historical
maxims from Gibbon. The man who
makes friends with everybody, and
is a genuine Red Republican in his
disregard of what is called ancient
rtghts and privileges. Sitting with
great blue gray eyes, that seem al
ways half asleep, he is always alert
and wide awake, slouching along
with a rolling gait, he is careful
and earnest; utterly wanting in the
power of oratory or rhetoric, he has
made more points than any other of
the convention, and has carried all
of them but one, and that of minor
importance. He is the leader of the
advance line of the up country, dele
gated, not so much by election as by
the iiburent force of ne, sit), for
be fights independently, and leaves
them no choice but to follow."
The foregoing description was
given of Mr. Tillman when he was
a member of the South Carolina
reconstruction constitution constitu
Twenty five years after the above
was written. Amos J. Cummings
wrote as follows of Mr. Tillman:
"He is quaint and hnest and
makes speeches that touch the mar
row. In appearance he somewhat
resembles Greeley. But there is a
wanly ring in his voice, as well as
virility in his arguments. Once con
vinced that he is right, neither per
suasion nor force can drive him from
his position. * * * * * * *
Detecting jobbery in legislation, he
flies at it like a bulldog, and there is
nothing, left of it when he gets
through with it."
In 1806 Mr. Tillman was a mom
ber of the South Carolina State
senate. Some time after 1866 he
went to Central America and joined
General Walker of filibuster fame.
He was wounded in the fighting then
going on, and was taken prisoner,
but by promising not to meddle
any more with the institutions of the
country, he was released. He then
came back to South Carolina and
settled down on his farm at Clark's
Hill. After the war Mr. Tillman did
not attempt to practice law, but turn
ed his attention to farming.
His active mind would not permit
him to remain quietly on the farm.
lHe soon after his return entered
politics. He entered the race for
Congress against Robert Small, and
unsuccessfully contested his seat
That was for the Forty-fifth Con
gress and was elected and took his
seat, but he was finally forced to
give way to Small again. He finally
secured a seat in Congress and re
mnained a member for seven terms,
and until he was defeated in 1892 by
Mr. W. Jasper Talbert. During the
time he was in Congress he was a
member of the commnittee on patents
and was part of the time chairman
of the committee.
Amos J. Cummings. continuing
his remarks about Mr. T'illman, says:
"He usually maken two or three
speeches each session, and they are
s-peeches that command not only the
attention but the admiration of the
Hiouse. He belongs to the old school
of statesmen, now almost extinct."
In 1898 he again e,ntered poli-ics,
and ran for governor, b>'it was de.
feated. Since t.henm ho ';as been liv
ing quietly en hime farmi at Clark's
Mr. Tillnman was a man of undoubt
ed bravery. In 1879 lie slapped the
face of D. H Chamberlain at aph
tical meeting where there were only
about two hundred white andl( several
thousand ne'groes, when politics
were red hot in South Carolina, and
it.required a mn of ner-v.' to r-unl for
office lie ne(ver backed an inch
from iny man.
Amuon g t he mnost not able spheeches
0f Mr. T1ilbmnan wvhile ini Congress
were his silver speech that wass se
highly complimented by 13ryau, his
tariff speech, and the one he dlelivered
on the reapportionment of representa.
tion from South Carolina was in
creased from five to seven.
Mr Tillman has always b)een
fav. .rite in Edgelield county as well
a9 throhont South Carolhna.
IESTII'S COTTON STATENIENTM.
Tot,I Nualnbor of talen Unuxlt Into Migt
7 500.01arp, Agail,"t 6.812,177 LikI
Yor--Fur i.'o Expo,rto for thw Pasot Five
Mlonetihn 3,94:3 (193 nHle, an Incren-ta of
610,14'Z OVer 1,11st sealloll.
(News and Courior)
Now Orleans, La., February 1
8ecratary -estoer's Now Orloans
monthly Cotton Exchango statement,
issued to day, shows an increaso for
the month, in round figuros, of 27,000
The total for January was 982,128,
against 954,679 last year.
The movement from the 1st of
September to January 31 includes
total receipts at all United States de
livery parts 5,342,027, against 4,770,
056 !ast year; ovorland movement
by railroads across the Mississippi,
Ohio and Potomac rivers 852,814,
against 917,004 last yea r; 8outhern
mill takings, exclusivo of quantity
consumed at Southern outportsi
735,879, against 747,045 last year,
and interior stocks, in '.xcess of tbose
held at the commencoment of the
season, 658,895, against 437,412 last
ThRo mako the total amount of
the cotton crop brought into sight
during the five months ending Jnni
ary 31, 7,590,015, against 9,812,177
Northern spinners took during
January 216,443 bales, against 245,
866 last year, increasing their total
for the live months to 1,351,942,
against 1,681,990 lastyear.
Foreign exports for the first five
months of the season have been 3,
912,693 bales, showing an incres,W
over last season of 010,142.
Stocks at the seaboard and the
twouty nino leading Southern mar
kets on January 131 were 1,665,620
bales, against 1,690,850 the same
date last year.
Including port and interior town
stocks left over from the previous
season, and the number of bales of
the current crop I-rought into sight
during the five months, the supply
has been 7,712,549, against 7,491,
015 last year.
In addition to the monthly figures,
Secretary Hester has issued to-day
a statement of the weekly movement
for the seven days ending February
1, inclusive, showing total brought
into sight this year 238,965 bales,
against 229,137 for the seven days
ending February 1, last year.
THE WORLD's VISIBLE SUPPLY.
Now Orleans, February 1-Secro
tary Hester's statement of the world's
visible supply of cotton shows the
total visible is 4,224,700 bales,
against 4,140,152 last year. Of this
the total of American cotton is 3,
301,700, against 3,361,152 last year,
and of all other kinds, including
Egypt, Brazil, India, etc., 863,000.
against 779,000 last year.
The total world's visible supply of
cotton shows an increase, compared
with last year, of 85,548 bales.
Of the world's visible supply of
cotton there is now afloat and held in
Great Britain and Continental Eu
rope 1,975,000 bales, against 1,911,
000 last year; in Eg3 pt 176,000,
aizainst 304,000- last year; in India
419,000, against 328,000 lasL year.
and in the United States 1,555,000,
against 1,697,000 last year.
sINOIERWS LAsT SisNGS.
American audiences like fair play.
When a singer makes a slip the
audtience is ready to believo any
statomo)nc, to the effect that the artist
apperared against the doctor's orders.
It is eveni eager to give the unfortu
nate one' another chance.
Had such an accident as befell a
singer at the Metropolitan Hlousu'
recently occured in one of the great
Enropean music centr(s-in Naples,
Milan or Paris-it is lung odda that
no more would have been beard of
her as a singer. In Europo people
take their art more seriously and
less tolerant than here.
Dupreza, the French tenor, in his
own day an idol of his countrymen,
broke dlown one unight. His voice
fnilarl hirn na he wna inging ne of
the parts with which ho had been
gloriously identified. lie knew hilk
caroer was run.
Quito as painful was the disaster
which overtook Etolka Gorster, while
still in the heydey of her short-lived,
but resplendent, popularity. .Do you
not remember tho controversy that
ragod at the timo as to the causes of
that. lamentablo collapse? Those
best coipetent, perhaps, to decide
the question woro of opinion that
Gerster had given her glory for the
j )h of motherhood.
Of all the many tales of famous
ilngers who have como to grief none
has more interest than the strange
story of our American soprano Marie
"La Fauvette," as they called her,
had risen with enviablo rapidity in
the French operatic firmament, Patti
and Nilsson had stood sponsois for
her at the Opera Comuique. Delihes,
then ailmost ats popular in Paris as
Gounod and1 Maissonet, had coimlposmi
his "Lakme" for her.
One evening "La Fauvotte," the
spoilet darling of the boulevard, w: s
billed to appwir for the first, time in
"Lo Barbier." All Paris, in the
exclusive and theatrical sense of the
words, had assemubled at the Opora
Comique and it was confidently ex
pected that next morning thxe news
paper Mhroniqnurs would have one
moro viciory to add to tho young
American, Gialtinod was among the
distinguished Frenchmon "in front."
When Marin van Zandt made her
entrance she was slightly Ilushed.
Prvsenitly tht hvusi noticed other
abnormalities in her appearance.
Something seemed wrong with the
diva's wig. Her walk, her look, her
voice, her smile, all seemOed [,eculiar.
'he audienct tittered, sneered, an(
then-as suspicion gradually dawned
on them that ber favorito might. have
been dining too veil-brok( nto
wild hoots and j-ers. The curtain
fell on one of the most cruel scenes
ever witnesed in a theatre; and
Gounod acting (let us hopo, impul
sively) as the interpreter of outraged
public sontiment, dragged a French
singer, who happened to be in the
audience, on to the stage, to replace
the American "Rosina."
The true cause of "La Fauvetto's"
singular conduct may neve r have
been published. That a singFr who
had been treated like an adopted
child of France should have delib
erately meditated disrespect to a
Parisian audience was, on the face of
things, incredible. Yet that and
much more senseless calumny was
p)rinted about her at the time--possi
bly, and indeed, probably,' at the
instigation of her rivals.
Had she not been a foreigner an
apology and a few trills might have
wiped out the diva's presumed
offence, together with tihe recollection
of her extraordinary break down. As
it was, months elapsed before M.
(Carvalho thought it prurlent or adlvis
able to announce another appoarance
of his Amerioan star.
When he at length advertised a
revival of "Ljikme" and the rentree
of the unlncky artist at his house.
Paris hlad hysterics. Would M.
Carvalho dare to defy his follow
citiztens by allowing an American
who had insulted le grand nationl on
the stage to Ilout t hem a second time?
Nay, then, Paris would teach both
manager and sin ger.
On the night tixAd for the "Lakme"
performance thle- Opera Comique was
crowded from floor to ceillng. Every
other man in the parterre and gal.
lories had bumght a key or whistle
with him. And when Van Zandt
wVas soon bondI(ing her heand as thouhh
mutely appealing to the chivalry anid
mercy of her nadience the storm
arosa Thie savagery of lier foes,
hi >wo ver, put t.he sing.' on h) r m .tile.
S3no wvas in slendid voice tant night
arid, after the first sho(ck, she sang so
faultlessly that she won not only thr
sympathies, bIut also the applause of
the vast majority in the theatre.
Meanwhile 10,000 rowdies, among
them several hunidredl students fromi
the Latin quarter, wero laying Hi0o4
to the building shouting exercrattonsL
ant the insolent foreigner and charg
ing frenziedly at the Municipal
Guards, who barred the entrances.
Had they got hold of the American
that evening it would have gone har(
with her. Bunt she escapedl by a sid<
That wass her last public appear
anne in Parn.
GONE BACK TOCANNIBALISM.
THIP FA'lrT Or iHI NI'OICO IN VIAVII
FREICID FRIOM Wfiti I tULIE.
Voocio Noritry-Iemostiacil Jilien wit.
stimi-d by Governieiat 4vi-whom its iit hayti
-A'"Ist I [ielli Itsmi Witelivi'-aft M12ighe-di
It. T. Stiln. of iso Uititel stantem itivo
loglesit Iurvoy, lism a s Orts ue Fx
p--rIestet,-Tli.s MsaIer H c. caf t i' 'Ooat
Wvithout Vlortio"-4prpeiit Woar
hiip att Ito Wilet- T 1 i tti
Druma t 11' Dvlth
Wa,hington), Jaumary 2).-Spo
cial: Prof. Robert T. Ib ill, the famous
Governmont explorer, has just ro
turned to Washington with i a giuo
some story from Hayt i, where he had
the romarkablo privilego of witnoss
ing it Voodoo cormonial-onlo of
those domonlileal orgivf; whlicl, on
that island, celobrato thle worship of
the Great Yollow Smrpont. This
sern)(nt, reprotsvinted at the festivals
ol tho devil's cult, by a harmless nalt
I ivo species of snake, is Hupposed to
bM nll incarnation of the arch ionwd
hliISelf, possessing ill knowledge,
but approachable only through his
priests an(1 priestessms-th witchers
at the shrino of Oboah, who is other
wiso known ats Ju jl, Muml)ojlll)o,
or Vaudoux, tho last, of thsoi num's
boing commonily corruptedin to Voo
"Cannibilism is i colspicluouls
feature of these rites," said Prof.
Hill yesterday. "It is uui(pestion
ably a fact that largo itimuers of
young childron are offered up an
nutilly in Hayti as sacrifices to (te
Great Yellow Snike. Indod, it, is
known that mothers frequently do
dicate their infants at birth to this
plurpose, iho fatal cereiony beinlg
postpoed ordnarily until the victim
hias rotebed the ago of about 2 years.
Invariably the ritual winds up with
a feast, the details of vlich are too
horrible to be describod. Only when
human prey is not obtainablo is a
black goat, which must not have a
white spot. on it, or a white cock, used
as a substituto. The cock chosen
for this purpose is always one of
thoso froak chickenis which havo
their feathers growing the w%rong
THIS CULT O1' VAUI)OUX
is ox1reolly ancivnt, representing
the most primitive forin of religion.
It is serpent worship, with all the
incidental of witchcraft, just as it
prevails in the darkost parts of Africa.
The sodality of sorcerors, the smoll
era out of witches, are a ;,videspread
priest hood, whose organizi. tion and
forms of ceremonial (late back to a
remote antiquity. One finds their
Order rep)resent ed in our own count ry
by so called Voodon (doctors, who
deal in charms andl 'hoodoo' spells,
and have an extensive practice among
the colored people. The 'buck anud
wing' dancing of our nigger minstrel
andl vand(eville stage conmes directly
from the ceremoniial dancing of Vau
dotnx, and its 'p)igeon-wings' and1(
other peculiar capers have a special
significance in connection with the
rite~s of Obah.
"The religion of Vaudoux seems to
PRIEsRaivED) IN HIAYTI1.
with more of its pristino purity than
anywhere else in the world, not even
excepting Africa. The Hepublic of
Hayti, in fact, is nothing more nor
less than a pi(co of the D)ark CJon
tinent set down near our shores. Its
population, numbering about 1,000,.
000 souls is composed of remnants
of hundreds of savage tribos, brought
thither during tihe slave-dating (day)s
to work on the plantations. They
we're savages when they arrived and(
they are savaig's still, retain0ing their
incient, customs LIdI inistituttions.
"The cult of Oboab is a secret so
diuty, into which members are in
itii:ted with complicated rites. Its
ceromonials couisist largely of dances,
which are accompanied b)y drums,
and(1 ach particular solemnity or
rituial is accompanied by its own
'tune,' if such a terma may be usedl.
Ever) where through the mountains
or Hayti the traveller hears the
drums constantly sounding, and to
the ear of a stranger the noise wvould
be nothing more than torn tommiing;
buOt to a member of the organization
e'ach kind of beating has~ its own pe
ouhiar meaning. Thus on a core
ionial occasion, when the drui.
m6ri mt,rik the 'theme,' the particip
Mts know 0le (ance 1111and song which
go with it. Thvro are from 3(0 to
-100 diffiierent. dances.
"'The coremlonials e1110
RalTlALS (1' WIT nl\I' llT
and are hold for tihe purposoof gain
ing various favors froim the Grmat.
Yellow l4erpolt, such as the I uro of
seikness, the bringing down of evil
uponl vlellies, anld even the callsing
of doith to porsonls who Illay havo
given offence to the soiety or to
individual montoers. As tOh dances
progress thtly becomio moro and moio
furiouls, usually ending in a frenzy
that overcomleis ill 1110 participflts,
who becomo or zy for the timo being,
[mnly of thei falling into a sort of
eltlleptic condition. The culm1inil
tion of the orgy is the sacrifice of a
living animial anIld the drinking of its
blood, whiell iA paSel around for
that p uI)OS inl I jtg, MiXed With
ruinl. Finally the victim is boiled inl
ia pot and vatell.
"The drums ied to accomp.my
tho dalevs are an importanlt folatlro
of the ceremoiaills,. Usual)ly they
Ia employed inl groups of threv,
vach group having ita pvcuiliar color
and signi n -e. 'lho dramis, for
examplo, Como into ply only oIn
twso o1110o0 Heriols occlaiols wholl
t10 rituld hap11I)I)eS to IIIve for its
spociil Objket tho brlgilig dlown of
Wratlh 11ponl a pilrso who 111113 lIVe
beon to unllfort unato a1s to excito the
ill will of the sciot y. This set of
drums is knoNi IIS tho 11rio of dolath,
rud being the color approprilito to
dolathll and the saeI clor of the
Valudoux. Wh.n baellnl I th Ie are
Sipposed to (xc ito Nvilviiveent - liger*
of the Evil Spiril, which is to ho di
rected agalinst. the i ndividdlil aillwd
"Ealch Voodoo ceremony113 is prosid
od ovor by a iorcerer in chivf, known
ats the Pap'loi, who is I sSist(d by i
witch WOma1 cliiled th MIIVIeIi.
Theso persoiges have attainod their
high rank in the society, Im it is un
dorstood, through the long practico
of extraordinary wickedness, and
usually they ire of hideous aspect,
the notion being thut their sup1erna11
tural powor varies diritly with their
ugliie,fl. Nobody dares to diuiobey
thei!M, illI.1much1 11s to do 0 would
bo to invite the most (ireadl con
BecumiC0s, 1anfud they am() Ible to do
vote thoir nt iro timiv) to ovil doing,
being maintainod Iy gifts which their
followers bestow uponi them in the
nominal shap of offerings to the
"These priests and1( priestesses lire
usual11ly d11iingnishied by ai pecu1 lir.
K NOTITIN1 01" TI'l KIllKINKY VwooL.
but ill Jlayti any13 Old m1im1 or wVoman0
of strainge app)jonranifc( is ap1t to be(
suspected of being a P1apoloi or
Mamiieloi. They nn Idoubltedly pos)0
110s5 a romallrhalol knowledge of the
mfetlicinall proporties of plaints, (espo
einlly ats to po0isonous lebrihfuiges. So
greait is tihe faith in1 them as meidicl
p)ractitioniers that ini casos of seriouls
illness they aire commonly called ill
even by p)"rsons ouitside tIhe 1)al1 of
the VOOdOO orgaizationI, and( todlay
by3 regular phlysicianI, 1no maitter how
notwithstanlding the nulmber of droad
fill disonnes wIch pre'vail 0on the
"T1he wvitch doctors of V'adoux lire
known to ho p)oisoners and' in this
cap1acity they may13 wvell be dlreaded(
by3 pesn who1 ha1ve no0 fmlth ini their
sulpornaiturail powvers. It is said( thati
they3 lare aiuninte1 d (1wit h certin ox
trac'ts and1( decoctions~ of plants~
wvhich, being aidminiistered in 8111all
doses5 at intervails, will induilco a grad
iual deucay of the victimi's inld, re
(lacing him to a stalto of idliocy.
'They have other poisons which wvork
in 80 subtle a fashion that no0 1harm1
is done by them ailparenItIy until,
when thle sOuret athnzlinistraition of
them is '3ud(denly stoppod(, the unIfor
tluato dhios by reaisoni of their with
drawval. Th'lo venom of the scorp)ioni
and torantula, initoniioid by3 distIlla..
tion, makes the merest scratch of a
dagger fatal, and if common report
he credited1, a fluid( expressed from
cortaina large crimson ants furnishes
an1 equally (deadly agont. Where an
individual who has offended the so.
cioty cannot bo got at directly his
servilit miy be terrorized into giving
him ioison, in is ofieo, and it is
evelI ass"ortd t(mt tho vitch doctor
knlow. how to comiunicato germs of
leproSy to ln unt inted human bing.
"No wonder, i hI i, I hal \oodooi.,im
1:x11N) ivIN 1: IATN(Tix
ovor the intitre popilhttion of JIllyti,
t hose who iave no faitih in tho super.
ntural igoncies bvinlg afraid to of
fond the organization. Rather than
do so thoy vill paty largely to havo
rem)oved fromu. thliivIelves a 'l)011' of
tho (i111ployment, of which they may
have rveived lotico by some such
ivans ats finding i littlo bag contain
ing chickon bonis and at driod lizard
or two att ached to I ho gate post.
Some of the highost officials on the
islald are known to belong to the
mysterious cIt, whoso membership
is by no imeins restricted to the lower
ordeis, aind history records that. only -
a few years ago a President of the
republic wats institutod into tho or
ganization and took part in its most
fearful rites, bathing hilmself in blood
and othorwiso declaring himsolf at
believer ill Obah.
"Th nominal roligion of tho peo
plo of .1ttyti is R011t1man Catholic, but
h111r0 ar) few pri.sts of that faith
iirminetly rosi, -nt in their par
ishos, and uring thoir absielco the
c ores are commonly desocrated
by the performanco of Voodoo rites.
A entious iningiling of
4lAM USTI AN ITY AND PIAOANISMl
in its worst form his como about,
tho tomplets of Oboah being fro
(Iieitly adorned with pictures of tho
Virgin lary and tho saints. It is
VNI Salid linth human sacrifices have
been olff'rod up1) oil the altalirs of the
chiurcho, the red druims of death
being beten in the very sanctuary.
It is worit m iontioning, by the way,
that the kidnapping of children for
si1rifico is not infrequent in layti,
anld not long Ago t lady missionary
testiiled that to her certain Iowl
edge human flosh Was oftonl riold ill
t.hi markmts of the interior towns.
F1 1118t might soom incrediblo wora
it not realizedI how well nigh univer
sal is cannibalism in the Dark Conti
nont, and that most of tho peoplo of
I lItyl i are al most unmodifiod savages.
"Red, ats I Iivo stid, is the snored
color of t.ho Vaudois, as tho members
of the sociOty C111 themselves. It
appears in the red drums, in the red
blood of tho i sacrifico, and in the red
ha11ndoIrchillfs with wliichi the mitiates
and h111t witch doctors, ma1lo and fe
male adIorni themselves at the core
umonial. On thle altar stainds a wood..
eni cego ontiinrg the yollowv snake,
Hn1ppOsod to h)o ll iicarnation of the
powersi~ of evil, whIich those who par
icip)ato in the ritual desuiro to propi..
findn all gifts of value acceptable,
but1 is sattitfied onily with blood, and1
the blood munst be that of at human
b)einlg if possil-particularly that
of an infant. Like the Pythoness of
old, the witch wvomnan is seized at,
longth wvith an oracular frenzy, sho
prophiosies for good and evil, but
pasrticulatrly for 'the latter, and by
her wvords arid( actions she rouses her
auditors to a similar madness, untiJ,
with tholi aid of unlimited supplies of
ium, thle company assembled become
fairly crazed. Then the sacrifice is
miade, the blood is dirunk, the body
of the animal oc other v'ictim is di
vided( up anid eaten, and the orgy
wVinds5 up with a revel too disgusting
"One gets a notion of the antiquity
of Voodoism from Ithe testimony of
Pliiny, the historian, who writing in
the century before Christ, mentions
thfin asct 15s weill known in his time
thait A frican slaves ini Rome and else..
where in Italy had a religion of their
OWn), which, when permitted, they
pra(ctice'l at night with horrid incan
tations, the presence of a serpent bo
ing considered necessary, and that
there was a p)rIestess who woent into
at speies of frenzy, giving utterance
while in that state of oracular say
ings." Rone Bache.
Ci1. s!i T . A..
Bears the 100lb Klad You have Alway BaUgh)
Bignature ~ '1 L~