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E*,')TABLISHED 1865. NEWBERRY, S. C., TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1901.
E S T A B I S H E 1 8 6 . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ T I C E W E E , $,1 . 5 E
SPIRJITED AND SUATHING IWESOLU.
TION CONDEMNINo SENATOR
ForlIis Activo Co-operation and Alliance
with the Republican Party in Sone of
its Most Daring Abrogations of the
Principles of Constitutional Govern
mont and Audaciouh Raids on
the United states Treasury.
Columbia, February 8.-When
the House met tonight it had a reg
ular surprise party. Mr. John Mc
Master, of Columbia, had laid on
the Speaker's desk a resolution
which he asked to be immediately
considered. It was not just the
pending order, but Mr. MoMas.
ter insisted on the reading of the
Clerk Withers ioad as follows:
Whereas, the Hon. John L. Mc
Laurin, a Senator of this State in
the United States Senate, has man
ifested opinions and belief at vari
ance with those of the Democratic
party of South Carolina, to which he
is indebted for his elevation to the
high and honorable position he now
occupies, through his vote favoring
the ratification of the treaty of Paris,
whereby the Republican Adminis
tration at Washington was enabled
to purchase an infamous war at a
firet cost of $20,000,000, to which
many hundreds of millions of dollars
have been added, together with the
loss of thousands of precious Ameri
can lives, all with lamentable failure,
the war in the Philippines being no
nearer a conclusion today than when
the first shot was fired; through his
vote favoring an increase of the
standing army to one hundred thou
sand men in a Republic whose
strength in the past and whose hope
in the future, in times of trouble,
have lain in her free-born citizens,
loving their homes and firesides, who
have never failed to def9nd the same,
if need, with their blo,d and their
lives; and through his speech In ad
vocacy of the subsidy bill, a most
gigantic and monstrous plan to per
mit the huge shipping interests of
the United States to plunder the pub
lic treasury, under the guise of legal
authority; a bill introduced and man
aged on the floor of the United
States Senate by that great friend of
monopoly and the trusts, Mark Han
ua, the emboidment of plutocracy,
which today controls and shapes the
policy of the Republican party, and
conceived out of -a desire to ropay
those interests from the people's
treasury ,the money contributed by
them to the Republican campaign
Now, therefore, be it
Resolved by the House of Repre
sentatives of the State of South Caro
lina, That the course of the Hon.
John L. McLaurin, in the particu
lars noted above, receive earnest con
demnation, and that we express here
by our regret that a son of South
Carolina hzts so far wandered from
the faith of our fathers and forgot
ten the wishes of our people.
Before the reading was half over
Mr. Ashley moved to indefinitely
postpone the resolution.
Mr. McMaster asked that the read
ing be concluded, which was done.
ON TO-DAY'S cALENDAR.
The Speaker then said the ques
tion was whether the resolution be
Mr. McMaster asked for immediate
The Speaker: "Do ten members
object to the immediate considera
Up sprang twenty members, as
they had other measures up for to
night than senatorial politics, and
~ipon the objections being made, the
resolution went . over until tomorruw
on 'the Calendar. Thus ended the
matter. The resolution is not likely
to be reached on the Calendar this
TE HOUSE FAvoRS FRaaR 1As1s
Mr.. Speers made a vigorous and
effective speech on his bill to repeal
the anti4free pass law. He argued
that it was, a standing reflection on
~the Legislature, and argued that~ if a
member was to be bought passes
were not' the only method of so do.
lng. He had too high a regard for
Legislators to say or believe they
could be bought or influenced with
passes or anything else. The Act
was an iniquity and should be re
The House, by a vote of 64 to 38,
passed the bill to repeal the anti-freo
pass law. if the Senate be of the
same opinion as the House there will
hereafter be no legal objection to
members of the legislatuo and State
oflicers using freopasses and franks.
FULL POWEiS TO STATE nOARD OF HEALTH.
Mr. John P. Thomas, Jr., had a
bill amending the State board of
health law. The main features of
the bill are that it gives the State
board the right to remove county or
city boards. It provides upon re
fusal or neglect to execute the orders
of the State board of health that
members of local board shall be sub
ject to renioval by the said State
board of health. Such removal shall
not be made until ten days' notice of
charges against the offending mem
bers of local board shall have been
mailed to or served upon him, or
them, stating the cause of complaint
and the time and place of the answer
to said charges, said removal to be
additional to any penalty now im
posed by law. That all local boards
of health in the several counties in
the State, outside of incorporated
towns and cities, are hereby invested
with the same powers and duties
that are now imposed by law upon
local boards of health in incorporated
cities, towns and villages in the State
of South Carolina. The bill was
ordered to its third reading without
The medical board bill was amend
ed so as to deny boards outside of
towns the right to enforce vaccina
tion. The rights of city boards as
to vaccination were not interfered
CHANGES IN MORTGAGES.
Mr. Croft took up the discussion
on the Sanders bill as to changes in
mortgages. He favored the bill and
held that it was right. The fraudul
ent debtor now had two -.strings to
his bow; if the creditor changes the
note he can sue on that, if he loses be
has the mortgages, and if he gains he
wins on a fraudulent note. He
moved to amend by adding, "if in
tentionally changed in a material re
Mr. Morgan sympathized with the
purpose of the bill, but feared the
bill would not reach the purpose
The House refused to kill the bill.
Mr Lide moved to provide that
the alteration must be fraudulent to
TEXT OF THlE BILL.
Then the bill was ordered to its
third reading as follows:
That from and after the approval
of this Act no person who has ien
tionally altered, in any material
particular, any note, mortgage or
other obligation for the payment of
money, without first having obtained
the written consent of the maker,
obligor, mortgagor, endorser or guar.
antor, shall be allowed to recover
judgment in any of the Courts of
this State in any suit 6dr action
brought on said note, mortgage or
obligation against the maker, obligor,
mortgagor, endorser or guarantor of
the same, for any part of debt
evidenced by such note, mortgage or
obligation, excusive of interest and
costs. A. KC.
SHOOTING IN SPARATANBURO.
The Chief of P'ollce shoots his Cousin, who
is Also his Brother-In.iawv, as lhe
Latter is Bidting Through
[Special to News and Courier.'j
Spartanburg, February 5.-Chief
of Police J. B. Dean shot and
wounded E. B. Dean, his cousin
and brother-in-lawi, in the left arm
to.day. .The shooting took place on
the co,rner of Main and Church
streets and bystanders heard no
words and knew nothing of any
difficulty until the,. pistol was fieed.
Mr. Dean was driving along the
street in his buggy when he was
shot. It is said that ill feeling has
existed between the young men for
The Itill Appolitilng Col. Ttomats om6mis
alouor to Comploi. it, Confeoerato Itolhi
1eJectCd-A Long 1)ebnato et t1le Child
Lati,or tit Mo Factory (_testion--Senato
Refuses by it Voto 17 to 10 to striko
Mitt ti1e Eunacing Words-Tho May
field subistituto 11111 Adopted, flut
hats no Prospect of IsecoulIng it
Liaw title Stsion.
[News and Courier.]
Columbia, S. C., February 8.
Special: Senator Barnwil introduc
ed a resolution requesting our Re
presentatives in Congress to have the
agricultural department make an in
vestigation as to the disease known
as cotton blight and, if possible, to
suggest remedies to stop its ravages.
An unfavorable report was made
on the House bill appointing Col.
John P. Thomas a commitsoner to
complete the Confederate rolls. The
report was adopted and the bill
THE CHILD LA1OR QUESTION.
With a few other routine matters
of no general interest the Senate
again resolved itself into a debating
society on the child labor question.
Senator Graydon led off on the
affirmative side of the question, look
ing at the subject from a humanita
rian, business and politicAl stand
point. As to the first, he thought
that there is no question about the
impropriety of employing children
under 12 years in cotton mills. It
is not desirable that they should, be
cause of effects on the future as well
as the present. As to the second
point, he denied that the prohibition
of child labor would cripple the mills.
The splendid condition which they
have attained has not been on ac
count of child labor, but in spite of
''nETTER EVERY SPINDLE SHOULD STOP."
Better, however, that every spindle
should stop than for children to work
in mills. It cannot be said that
children will live without support if
they are prevented from working in
factories, for generations of noble
men and women have grown up in
the State when there were no fac
tories. If such a state of affairs ex
ists that it takes the work of children
to support a family there is some.
thing radically wrong with the so
cial condition and the Legislature
should seek a remedy. These chil
dren get from 15 cents a day? If
men and women were employed they
would get 75 cents to $1 a day and
the families could bosupported, and
let the children be taken out and
men and women be employed.
HO0w PETITIONS ARlE SIoNED.
Referring to petitions sent in by
operatives, he sdid he was told that
in one case operatives were called up
to the desks of the bosses and were
asked to sign the papers, which they
did, because they wotuld lose their
jobs. This happened at the Abbe
As to labor unions, there need be
no deldsion about the possibility of
keeping them out. It cannot be
done, for laborers'have as much right
to organizai as capital. It cannot be
der.ied that capital is organized. It
will be a part of political wisdom for
us to meet the issue and treat it lik'e
men. We must deal with laboring
men as fellow citizens. If they are
met with the spirit they should be
th3ere need be no friction cr conflict.
He instanced cases in Abbeville and
Greenwood where operatives had
been discharged because they joined
a union and their families and posses
sions forcibly thrown out of their
homes. If members of labor unions
are met with ejectment and threats
in time there will be a strike which
will paralyze every loom and spindle
in the State.
Is it wise politically to do any
thing which will bring about such a
catastrophe? It would be wise to
heed the demands of labor unions
and heed them in time, for if met in
the proper spirit they can be turned
SENATOR HIoUCoH PEa cONTRA.
Senator Hough said he could see
no reason for this debate, but he
would not hesitate to state his posi
tion. He believed the mothers of
the children are the best t.o govern
theim. Is it natural for a father or
mother to favor a bill which declaem.
that they are iwt compotont to man
ago or control their children ? Ilu
man naturo revolts at tho idea of
such stuff. Why have 0 Many 1)00
plo loft their farms to go to tho cot
ton factory ? They loft to bottor
thoir condition. If thoy haven't can't
they go back to their plantation Y
We all sympathizo with suffering,
but to tho end of time wo will havo
the poor and the rich. Children who
must work and childron wvho will
play. It is the natural order which
all human legislation cannot change.
All this sympathy doesn't hang to
the children a loaf of broad, and if
you turn them away from making
their own broad, it may be a beauti
ful expression, sympathy for those
sufferings, but it is not practicable
in providing for themi what they
need, bread. Such a lawi as this will
be repulsive to operativos in this
State, in whose veins run hot the
blood of freedom. Ite doesn't be
lieve the Logislaturo has any right
to regulate the homes and families of
South Carolina; this is not a land of
PItOPER EXERCISE OF POLICE POWER.
Sonator Ragsdalo expressed the
opinion that protection of children in
their helplessness is a proper exer
cise of the police powers of the State.
The question is, is it right to chain
these children to ponderous mnachin
ory ? If it is wrong there is no use
to say anything further, for the ques
tion of money is insignificant in com
parison to the main issuo.
SENATOR LIVINGSTON AGAINST TIHE BILL.
Senator Livingston made quite a
lengthy speech against the bill. At
the conclusion a motion was made to
adjourn, but this.was defeated on a
roll-eall, as it was evident that Sona
tors wanted to get rid of the tire
some. if important question.
Senator Mlayfiold mado an elo
quent closing speech in favor of the
COULD NOT KILL THE BILL.
A voto was then taken and resulted
in the refusal of the Senate to strike
out the enacting words by 17 to 16.
By an error in the count, which was
later corrected, the vote was an
nounced 16 to 16 and the Lieutenant
Governor cast the deciding vote
against killing the bill.
The Mayfield substitute bill, which
provides for the graitual elimination
of childrea from factories up to 1903,
was then adopted. There is, how
ever, no prospect of the bill becom
ing a law this session. P1. M. n.
MARDI GRAS CECLEnIRATIONS.
Newv Orleans, La., Mobile, Ala.. and Pensa
cola, Fla., February 1 4th-19th.,
For these occasions, tickets will be
sold February 12th to 18th inclusive,
from Washington, D. C., and all
points on the Seaboard Air Line
alilway, at rate of one fare for the
round trip. tickets good returning
until March 7th 1901, inclusive,
With its new paBsenger service in
auguratod January 27th, the Sea
board Air Line Railway is now
operating the finest and fastest
tramns in the South, and a trip to the
Mardi Gras Onl one of these mlagnifi..
cent trains via any of their many
attractive routs will certainly prove
the quickest and most onjoyablo.
See that your tickets road via Sea
board Air Line.
Seaboard Air Line Railway to Washington,
D). C., March 1, 2, aind 3, 1901.
On account of the inaugural core
monieq of the President and Vice
President, at WVashington, March 4,
the Seaboard Air Line Railway
will sell excursion tickets from all
stations at rate of first-class fare for
the round trip. Tickets will be good
going on all trains of March 1st, 2nd
and 3d, and valid for return March
9th, 1901, inclusive.
For fine trains and fust schedules
take the Seaboard Air Line Railway.
Their famous "Floriday and Metro
politan Limited'' and "Florida and
Atlanta Fast Mail" run direct te
For tickets, schedules and sleeping
car accommodation, call on or ad
dress any agent of thme Seaboard Ai
TIlE STATIE HANK HtOND ISILl, HILE)
After it Long DiaIItte, by a Vote of Twenty
0110 to SiXteenl--' enattorm i.lvIngstonk
and Mower OiTer Aanendnwnt
Tho ill Fixtinc t hoait larims of
Coulnty Offlcii Cont1Inat1ed
to Next Sessloun.
Columbia, February 8 --Spocial:
The State bond bill was the princi
pal featuro of tho Sonato proceedings
today, it being defoated by 21 to
10 votes. The discusion of it has
taken up1) two days.
Senator llough moved that iho
bill to fix the amount of the salaries
of county officeors be continued to tho
next session. llo declared that the
bill was quito unsatis. ctory to many
of the counties, and as the session
was rapidly drawing to a closo the
bill could not bo properly cotidorod.
Senator Grubor oppos d contin
uan111CO, climing that under the Con
stitution the Legislature was bound
to tako some action.
Sonator Mower thought that this is
so important a ioasuro that it
r-hould bo considered now anid various
Senators could amend it, to suit their
Senator IIydrick said many mom
bers had not introduced bills as to
salarios of county officials, crpecting
this bill to be considered, and it is
unfair to them to postpono consider
On a yon and nay voto of 20 to 17
the senato agreed to continuo the
bill until the next session. The sal
ary bill as proposed made many ro
ductions, and for some reason mot
with much opposition, and had it
been considorod it would doubtless
have been so amended as to l'o un
sTATLE ANK iOND BILL.
Senator Livingston offered an
amendment appointing i special
court to hear and determine the caso
the court to consist of Judgos Watts,
Gage ind Townsend. Provision is
made for the machinery of the court.,
such as clerks and other oflicors, etc.
An appeal may be taken from the
judgment of the court to the Supremo
Court, whose judgment shall be final,
and if favorable to thoso claiming to
own the bonds, then the State Troas
urer shall refund the bonts; if unfa
vorable, then the bonds shall be con
sidered as cancelled and the whole
SENATOR LIVIN(ISTON's OBJECTIoNS.
An effort was made to postpone
consideration until tomorrow, but
this failed, and Senator Livingston
spoke on the question. His objec
tion to the or-iginal bill is that it does
not provide for such legal proceed
ings as are requiredI inl such causes.
The course which his amendment
proposes is right and just. It gives
them thttir (lay in court, and1 lets
them abide the result. The impu
tation that some p)eople are inter
ested in this matter is an insult to
the senate and should not be insinu.
ated. So far as 1h0 is concerned he
had never consulted any 0110 as to
his plan of settling this matter, but
ho offered it because it is right and
5iE' A TOl MoWER's AM ENDIMENT,
Senator Mower offered a substituto
to amend, which has two or three
substantial differences. In thue first
place, tihe Supr'eme Court constitutes
the commission, whose judgment
shall not be final, but shall be0 tranus
mitted to the Governor, wvho shall
send it to tihe General Assembly.
Tihe second difference then is that tile
final decision must rest with the
General Assembly, which has always
been tihe court of final resort in mat
ters of tile bonded indolbtedness.
TritE mILL J(JLLED).
Senator Aldrich stated that huis
side was willing to accept either of
the amnd(ments offered, but on a
call of tile roll to strike out the en
acting word1s, thle senate voted in fa
vor, by 21 to 10.
Senators Livingstone and Mower
had their amendments printed in the
Journal, ill order that their positions
might bo on record.
CARiEli NATIONS LATECsW RAID.
She sniies a ''JoInt"' In Top,eka and Ii
supportetd by the OJhler of P'olce.
Sihe Thetn Treats Judge Ma.
graw with Contempt.
[lNews and Courier.]
Topeka, Kan., February 5.-Mrs
Carrie Nation and three followers to
day wronught (damne to t.he extent
$1,IbO in tho "Sonato,' the finest,
eulippod "joint" inl Topokt. Sho
iilso gained tho first poli o protoc
tion. The polico followed u11p her
raid of to-day, and arreted the pro
priotor and two men who voro guard.
mug the placo anld I ito stock of I i(Ilors,
Which tho saloon had promisod to soll
to the crowd that flocked to view tho
wirecligo. Mrs. Nation was arrest
ed, hut pro)t1,ly reIvtlasod.
Mrs. Nation and her wrockers,
Oaclh armiel with ia hatceot, sallied
forth i at, daybreak. 'ITey forcod their
way past a negro who guafr(led tho
(oor of th "Sonate," and in less
thaln ton inutes hald strown tho
floor, With brokenl mirrors, bo(los,
slot m1acllini and splinter"d bar fix
tii res. Tho negro fired a shot of
warning into t ceiling, but it had
no effect. Presontly at policoiial
stalked leisurely into tho room and
said: "Woll, sister Niation, I guess
I'll havo to arrest you aigainl."
.Mrs. Nation had just smatisletd tho
last bottlo und was ready to go.
The polico Judge was glad to ro
loaso ior when sho appearod for trial
and sho administoredi a rouko to
him. MrsF. Nation soon wevnt down
Kanlisais avonulo free iguin.
Later Chief of Polico Stahl, in an
interviow with a roportor, said.
"I (10 not Caro if AlIIrs. Nation
sialihes Overy joint inl Topokl. I
ympat,blZO with her. I 1101)0 she
will clos Up the saloons of tho city
As an officer of (ho law, though, it. is
my duty to arrest, ier overy timo sh
creates a disturimon or destrovs
proporty. If we had the right kind
of Stato oflicors it would iot b no
cossary, for Mrs. Nation to do what
sho is doing."
There aro reports of plots to hurt
Alrs. Nttion. It wias Haid that, sov
oral saloon mon have charged thick
glass bottles with trcietmndous pres
suro, so that, anl explosion will follow
their being broken.
Today Mrs. Nation (itectod an
appeal "to the childron of tho high
schools of tho United States," iln
wih cishe urgod childron overywhoro
to smash saloon win(IOws witit rocks.
When Mrs. Nation appoarod ill
Court to answor the charges of "dis
turbing the poaco" and "smashing a
joint" tho first chargo was dismissod,
notwithistandiig (te crusador do
manded a trial, and a hearing on the
second chargo was sot for Thursday,
the prisoner being reloased without
"The charge of disturbing tho
peace is dismissed," said J udge
Magraw, as the crusador stood1 at
the railing. Thel charge folIo NO(
hter arrest yesterday after bor' fruit
less attempt to wreck (lie Unique res
"1 object to the dismlissal," ox
claimed Mrs. Nation, "I was arrested
wrongfully and dleprivedl of my lib.
To' then charge of smashing a jomnt
Mrs. Nation replied1:
"I plead~ guilt-y to that: I rather
think I did smash it."
The prisoner demanded that the
city attorney b)e brought in and( he
compelled to give cause for arresting
her yestorday. The Police Judge
trieod to ignore her and (lie chief of
police refused to listen to her (1o
Then .Judge MIagrawv began to read
the law touching olf'enders whto
create a public dlist.rurbanice or cnuse
riot. Mrs. Nation in torrup)ted sever
al times and (01(1 the Court it "mnight
as well read a novel to me as that
stuff. It dloOsn't cover moy case.
Th'le Judge was indignant and
Chief Stahl threatened to htavo) th<
nmarshial put her out.
Judge Magraw had nto desire (<
hold the prisoner anid plermritted hei
to go on her own recognizance to ap
pear next Thursday for trial.
Mrs. Nation thanked him ani
shook hands and (departed.
orInfants and Children,
The Kind You Havo Alway Doughi
"So dark an~d yet so lIght," said th
funny man a. lie lookcd at a ton of cot
MANY MATTERS IN
Up'tilatritinig 11111 (onttinuel Altoig W tIlt
i it ial Sem"tose, itid4 olier P*ropo
Hi4l(iig1- -(O1mjl il )i y Ecuetk
t1mir lill Killed.
[The Stato, February 10.]
Tlio houso yesterday morning,
shortly after 10 o'clock, dischrrged
all tho special orders, roturiing thom
to their places on the caleidar. Bills
woro then taken up as they woro
Amtong the bills contiined until
next session woro Mr. Weston's redis
tricting measuro; Mr. Lover's as to
hours of labor in cotton mulls; Mr.
Elird's proposals to amn10d the
constitution so ats to provide for bi
onnial sessions; Mr. Frasors bill ro
lating to domesticatting railroad cor
porations; Mr. Banks' bill to provido
for election of county dispenlsor-S, and
Mr. .1. 11. Smith's bill to appropriato
annually -200,000 to the ptublic
To spply bill I)IaSHOd third read
iig and wai sent to thoseiato. Tiho
loigislativo appropriation bill will be
pissed Mollnday. UIlOss it Occupies
very little tine, nto mo0re houso bills
Can11 be Considered this HVSSiOnl.
111111 III ADINO
Mr. (Gllter iiovod to recommit
the bill to repoal the law forbidding
public oflicials to uso froo passes.
11o wils suro tho h1nso had passod it
misunderstaiding the question.
Mr. Ashley opposed tho motion.
this is the third timo such a bill has
cono before tho logislaturm and he
hiad always voted for it. Must tho
law stand in ntico nioewspaper
mon and tho attorneys of railroads,
who hold passs in return for ser
Thte house refused to recommit tho
Mr. Lylos offored a resolution to
disehargo all the special orders andt(]
procood rogularly wi th the calendar
'his was agreed to after Home besi
tat ion. This mansi. that many of
the special orders vill coiitinuo until
next session and will appor on the
etalendar in their numerical order.
No CoMPULSORIY EDUCAION.
Mr. Dunbar's compulsory oduca
tion bill next came I). It provided
I hat childron betwoon the ages of 7
and 12 mu Ust attend school, It might
b)0 arguedl thait this wouhld honiofit ne
gro chiildren more thni white chil
dlron, but he arguedl the negroes are
not wvaiting for comipulsory educa
tion and are taking advantage of all
olportunitios. There are now 29,
(J00. more negro children in school
than whiite children. Ciomlsllory
odulcaition iS needeId for the whites.
Mr. Peter Ho[llis said that the
State had m1ad(o a large aippropria
tion for thit schools. lie had 01).
posed( then appropriation because ro
few 1)e01)1 take aidvanitago of the op
portunity. Schools which have funds
to run are forced to close as the peo
1)1o don't 11end( their childron. The
bill is a good onec.
Mr. D)urant also favored the bill,
It is nood(od(.
Mr. Freeman said that it is the
duty of the State to educate children.
Every child should be given the rud-.
iments of an education. This bill is
no reflection on the honest and indus
trious man, but it will force indolon'i
and worthless men. There are no
"black sp)ooks" in t his bill. The negro
needs no0 co0mpulsioni. It would not
aloet manyfl and1( would be enforced
aginsi few negroes.
By a vote of (10 to 33 the bill was
Mr. Morgan's bill to apply the
law relating to violation of labor con
tracts so as to protect tenants who
employ labor as well as to protect
the land owners themselves passed
second reading. .Tihe law now gives
"persons cultivating farm land&" no
protection unless they own the land
themselves. T here was a number of
verbail amendments adopted. After
some opposition the house by a vote
~lof 02 to 35, refused to strike out the