Newspaper Page Text
IS e KebetR S. c aW anSb A. es.
ESTABLISHED 1865. ___ NEWBERRY, S C, TUESDAY, MARC 12, 1901. TWICE A WEEK, $1.50 A YEAR
DUTY WELL DONE
IS THE REWARD.
ANDERSON (IRANI) JURY COMPLI.
MEVNTED BY JUDGE BENET.
As to Yellow Journalem-Philaldelphlf
North American Is Severely Rebuked for
Mirepresentation--Judge Ienet trieC
to call their Attentiouo Difference
Between Just and Illegal Con
tracts, While Promisug
Them Protection from
rSpecial to The State.]
Anderson, March 7.-This is not
to be a sensational story after the
manner of the Philadelphia North
American. It will give only the
bare facts about the labor contract
abuses, the stockade slavery system
which had aroused the.iuterest and
the indignation of a county, a State
and even a nation.
Those facts are all contained in
the strong prmsentment of the dmir
able grand jury. That paper is so
thorough, its statements are so defi
nite and its wording so clear that so
far as the facts are concerned noth
ingmore can'be said.
The presentment tells the whole
story, and no hasty investigation of
an outsider can add anything val
uable or reliable. There are rumors
of all sorts, but rumors are largely
This morning the special term of
the court of general sessions called
by Judge W. C. Benet to receive the
report of the grand jury began at 10
o'clock. The jury was not ready,
and it was noon before the
PIRESENTMEMT WAS READ.
The court room was packed. The
main floor was occupiod by white peo.
ple, and the little gallery was
crowded with negroes. Interest was
most intense, for not a word of
the paper's contents had been
divulged. The foreman, Mr. R. A.
Sullivan, handed up the paper, which
When the reading was completed,
it was time for dinner recess., On re
convening Judge Benet addressed
the grand jury:
JUDGE BENET SAID.
"Mr. Foremain and. Gentlemen of
the Jury: Your presentment affords
me profound satisfaction. You have
done your duty, not only ably and
fearlessly, but fairly. I am struck
with the statement that you have re
frained from reading the newspapers,
some of which have published sensa
tional stories, and that you have re
frained from seeing or hearing any
comments that would prejudice you
in your investigation. It will sur
prise you, therefore, to know how
much excitement there has been all
over the State and country.
at the north have forgotten that the
investigation was ordered and was
being conducted. They conveyed
the idea that the newspapers had
discovered the scandal through their
"Your word and the work of the
court is not referred to in these arti
cles. It does say that "happily some
local efforts are being made," but
the reader would infer that these
efforts are due to the newspapers.
Little is found in these accounts be
yond what was taken from the records
of the court, and that little is false.
These newspapers wou}d rather be
sensationail than just.
"In ordering this investigation this
court was only doing its plain duty,
quietly, unostentatiously, but earn
estly. It is peculiarly the work of
this court, but the court will do its
*duty, and does not propose to be in
terfered with by political busybodies
in or out of congress. When the
pharge was made three weel6s rgo' the
court had no idea of doing more than
showing you grand jurors you.r duty,
and it had no doubt you would per
form it. It had no thought nor ex
pectation that the charge of the court
would be heard beyond the four
walls of this court room,.
STATE PRESS coMMENDED.
"Though the journalistic enterprise
of your local paper, The Daily Mail,
actuated by the purest and most
praiseworthy motives, the charge was
TOLD PLAINLY, POINTI
THE JOYOUS SPRING DAYS
will soon be here-The Time is T
growing Shorter and notwith- fe
standing that we have closed
out lots of our assortments of
fall and winter goods, during qg
the last three weeks-True the te
Prices were the Attraction-We M
in order to make room for 4
Spring and Summer goods, now
on the way, have cut prices and
what this means--that you can ffx
get men's and boys' clothing ie
made by reputable makers and T
made right--Made to stand 'f
hard wear--made to retain
shape and style and at less than
the cost of raw material and qe
making. Many of these gar- t'
ments can be worn with com- fP
fort until June. If you cannot 4T
wear them now a few camphor , i
balls will keep them until next
winter--that's whet we would iti
do--but the Spring and Summer I'
things are knocking at our
doors and we have not room
for both, so if you want to share
in the last days of our Get-rid- qt
of-quick-sale you must act i
WE WILL NOT BOTHER
you with a lot of figures to read It
but tell it all in a sentence
Prices on all colored garments te
reduced 1 5 to 20 per cent on Ie
the last cut prices we advertised I
You can. easily see what that
means, a suit that cost $8.00
now goes at $6.40 and so on
throughout the whole line. it'
we have spun it out longE
when we tell you about it
will not be surprised that
you will be interested-anc
0. M. Ja
been prosecuted for false imprison-thym tno dvi
ment, while others were liable in teion,w chh
damages civilly as well as for crimni-teclr of orti
nal prosecution. The solicitor, he ntt aei ulc
said, will do his duty, and it will bo eth undOO
left to the petit jurors to do theirs.fo hi 11)tilg
Good wvork bad already been done, prn h IHS
and the evil is almost sta:Eped out; i thnrfre
agaist he ystm, i whch nlytestny, which s~ ea
a fewmen hve paticipted. clrek ofw ot hi
Judg linet eclred hathepen t had alrnedy tv
publitmentimroent iptif eals. "oit mars s tte con
told of illegal arrests arnd imprison- "Thore is no0 like
ment, of cruel whipping, of pro- stockade slavery, w
longed imprisonment without even whippir.gs and arm
the farce of a trial, of kidnapping ever be sooni again
negroes from other counties, and .other county."
even~ from Georgia, of fear to give In closing, Judge
testimony, refusal to testify, and, "I thank you, p
most pitiful of all, of poor negroes sincerely for the ox:
professing to being satisfied and con- have done. Southm
tented." . you. Anderson co
His honor, warned the jurors that will thank you for ha
While the reduction in Shou-s is not
as great as in clothing it is great
enoLIgh to be an inducement and
means from 5 to 15 per cent on
former prices, and we thought them
That you can save money, and big
money too, by buying anything. for
man or boy to wear of us NOW.
JUST A SMACK
Of what we will show YOU a little
later-when our Spring styles are in.
We have bought of the best known
Northern manufacturers the largest
and most stylish line of clothing,
shoes, hats and furnishing goods
ever brought to Newberry.
In it are men's handsome tailored
made from button clear around to
NEAT DRESSY SUITS
for boys, splendidly and strongly
made, well finished and good
IN HATS, all the latest crea
tions of the 'best makers and de
signers of men's top coverings,
THE REAL THINGS
In Neckwear, natty neck dress
ings in Four-in-hands. English
Squares and other styles.
of our new stock is so
interesting to us that
mr than we intended, but
more fully later on you
we were interested, for
I that is what we want.
-lead to Foot Clothier.
Ige any of the of this abameful burden and f rood
turned over to her good name from the stigma that
nd ordeored him a few of hor misguided citizens
T1he present- placed on it. Your county has cause
to the solicitor to ho proud of her grand jury. You
uidance in pro- certainly have amply justified the
confidence I reposed in you when I
to the jury's re- ordered you to make this investiga
vict leasing sys- tion."
glad the jalrors At the conclusion of his honor's re
The Jegisla. marks the jury was dismissed, and
en steps to stop the court proceeded with other busi
ness. The crowd filed out of the
dihood that this court room and the men gathered in
th its shackles, groups on the streets to discuss the
ed guards will affair.
in this or any SERIOUs SITUATION.
Benet said: It is undeniable that the revela
entlemen, most tions of the last few weeks have
~ellent work you created a serious situation in Ander
Carolina thanks son County. It is also true that
inty especially .there are twvo sides to the qaestion
ring relieved her which the situation presents. As
shown so clearly by the preseintmenit,
there has boon injustico and crueolty
practicod upon ignorant, if not inno
cont, negroes. Tho practical en
slavonent, the cruel whipping, the
illegal imprisonmont of negroes does
not moot with undosorved defenceo
from any quarter.
THOSE WHO :xCUSE.
the contractors do so by saying that
the system has boon carriedt too far.
They present t.ho other side, which is
that somO negio0s as laborers cannot
be controllod except by a show of forceo
and power; that som nogroos wOre
taken from jail under proniso to work
according to the now famous contract;
that they wore in many cases well
treated and contonted- - better off t han
they would havo boon v nder other cir
Today I heard good imen, as good as
there i ro anywhero, express this view,
They depreciato abuses and agroo t hat
cruelty and illegality must be stopped,
but they say that Iho mon who started
the sytei intendod no harm, and
would havo done none. They point
:ut that "Jud" Fowlor, "Press"
Allen and "Quint" Lammond, the
throo largest farmers conceorned, are
all good citizons, reliablo business
men, lacking in cruelty or inhumano
You could search Andorson Conn.
Ly over and not find another throo
men more iniluential than Fowlor,
H1ammond and Allen.
Knowing this fact, one can realize
the bravery, the devotion to duty
which promptod a jury of 18 men to
make such a presontmteit as was
A COURAOEoUs PAPER.
It is a courageous paper, and the
rand jury is deserving of all honor
lor it. It is only fair to stato that
he presentment was writton by Capt.
[I. H. Watkins of the law firm of
Bonham & Watkins. The facts were
gathered by a committoo of jurors
-onsisting of Foreman R. A. Sullivan,
T. B. Loverott (frmerly reprosenta.
ivo), J. S. McFall, J. T. Milford
md E. B. Hall. Foreman Sullivan
s a substantial farmor of tho "Fork
iection," and of the 18 thorn are 14
larmors, men who know the condi.
ions with which they were dealing.
The effect of the paper will be to
ABOLISH THE SYSTEM.
rhere can be no doubt about that.
[t has been abandoned already by
iorne of the farmers who practiced it,
rind it will go out of existence allo
gether very soon. Solicitor 1oggs
has the papers and the evidence, and
what he will do no one knows, for
Jule Biogge is essentially conserva
ive. He will say nothing except
uhat the matter will not be brought
Ip again in court until the June
There has been another-an unini
eontional-effect of the agitation.
rhe negroes have conceived that be
3ause Judge Benet declared these
stockade contracts illegal, all labor
sontracts are void. The result has
been a more or less
>f negro labor in this country. Many
2egroes have left farms wvhore they
were bound to work under legal and
ust contracts. Anyone who under
utands the negro's character will
-oadily see how he would get this
Ilogical impression. Judge Jienot
,red to make the distinct ion plain to
lay in his charge, but the trouble is
lot easy to correct. Tn a short while
lowever, the excitement will subside
md the negroes can be brought back
,o their legitimate work, lUnt at
>resent the negroes are badly do.
noralized, and for this reason many
egret that the matter has been gi len
mch wide publicity.
I have said that a casual observer
sould not add to the grand jury's
horough report, but a case in point
wvas accidentally brought to nmy at.
A relative with whom I dined
mpologized for the absence of her
butler. She said that he-a young
aegro-had been carried off a short
while ago to work on one of the
stockade farms. Hlie father had
signed a contract binding himself
and several eons to servitnudn on t.he
plaIt ation, of a certiain farmer named
in tit, Presnoltmeiont, and not long
ago this boy aIt his brothers woro
taken froi thleir towit jobs and
carried to tit farmll-, wlero they aro
now at work. Niaturally, thIo lady
tlinks tho systerI is glito aboilin
Th is lt oi Iy an itnstance. Wiilto
tho system has nevivr beon known, as
Judge Bonot says, to tho courts
offlicially utill il recently, it ias been
known to tho citizeons of Anldolesol
for a long timo, and tho vast majori
ty of theln, even t1hoso frien'lly to tio
111011 concertwN, a1re glad tiat, it is
now abolishted. For it must, bo abol
isled sinco tho forco of law and pub
lic opinionl are ag1ainilst it. How it
over originated lt is IL mystory. A
p.omiilent, lawyer said today that
solme tiio ago Ihv told onto of t
labor conlravtors tait iis contracts
woro not worti a cont ; liat no court
wouhlu old them). Yet ite cou.
tracts woro continued.
Toniglt thlt town is luito deserted.
Tto largo crowd heoro today is dis
portiod and thi matter is virtually
ondod. No one (1011bts that itho
proven illegality and mtanfogt injas
tico of tlho stockado system will be
StilicieIt, to Caus11o its aibanl(donmen1o1.t.
And no otto is sorry.
JAS. A. Horir, JIa.
Boar tho lhe Kindl Yot Ham Always Bought
A WILD WOMAN CAPTURED,
A 'W1-11) WOMAN, aNATE 01F WILD
MAN, LASSOCD ON HILIH 01
In onl ECxibiti Ill in aclngo at- NowA aid
Couirier 0111vo-A Sabbasth "Ghost
I ThIo Stato.]
Atlanta, Ga., March I 1.-A special
to tho Cost itution from Charloston
Bossio Pinickney, the companion of
tho wild man captured in the swamp
ibovo Charloston two woovks ago, was
,apturodI today. Thia man, Isatac
Ilover, dismappoared witi thPin Piick.
Ioy wonumit, ald both woro raving
mad. They terrorized tho strip of
country abovo Ciarleston. Olover
was ("aught with i lasso and swung
by phosplato hantds, but the woman
got back to tho swamps. Negroes
fled fron tho soction, and whon tlo
vointt. catio to lho mdgo of the
swaip toity I crowd arimed with
ropes andi clubs imado an olfort to
catcht hter. Shto fought wi(th groat
strentgth and1( thte liereness of a wild
animal. Shte was brought, to the
city anid locked int a cago.
For Infants and Children,
The Kind You Have Always Dought
Whon to Pray.
In the tttoritg f will pray,
Ask ing Godi to bles.s my day;
A skinag thtat htis getn'ter
lie arouittd 11n everywl.ere;
Thtank inrg hita for htis deatr love
WVhile I bay ausleep so still,
Kceeping tie ft ')mt every itt.
Int temtttiont I will pray,
Askinug God to be0 mty stay
Save frotm all --withtout, withuin
VTat. woul lead( his child to sint;
Or if I forget list Word,
1)o the wrotng atnd grieve the f,ord,
Iiitablly, sadly, Will I pray,
''Jesus, ta,ke mry sir.s away."'
Itt the eveintg I will p)ray;
In the sky tto suttny ray;
Tw~inklinrg stars are overhtead;
Ilirdls aml( lamrbs hatve gonte to bed.
I will knteel aud trustfully
Ask the i,ord to care for tie,
Pray for mty dear friends againt,
lIt the Saviour's ntamte, Amenct!
Prof. Ivison, of I.oinaconing, Md.,
sulfiered terr'ibly fo,rm noeuralgia of tho
stomach and itdlgestion fotr thirteen
yoars and after the dlotrs failed to
cure hhn11 they fed him on morphine. A
friend advised the uso of Kodol D)ys
popsia Cauro and after takIng a few bat
tIes of It ito says, "It, has cured( mec en..
(Ircly. I t can't skly too) mtuch for Kodol
Dyspopr>ia Curo. "It digests what you
oat. Gildet's Corner D)rug Store,
published. It was done not after
the manner of what is called, in
newspaper slang, 'yellow journalism,'
but simply that the good people of
Anderson county might see that the
iniquitous system would be
thouroughly looked into and put an
end to; for the encouragement of the
law-abiding and a terror :> evil doors;
that it might be seen and known of
all people of this country, white and
black, that the strong arm of the law
would be stretched out to protect the
humblest negro against oppression
"Other newspapes throughout the
State acted in the same way, not as
sensation- mongers, but as good citi
zens and champions of a righteous
cause. There were no flaming head
lines, no startling scareheads. But
the publication was accompanied
with strong words of condemnation
of the inhuman treatment of the
negro, and with equally strong words
of commendation of the chai-ge of the
It was to be expected that news
papers in other States would take no
tice of a matter of so much public in
terest-nor had we any desire to
hide this ugly thing from the eyes of
our sister States. Newspapers were
only doing their duty in giving it
the utmost publicity and in cc
demning it in scathing terms.
"It gives me pleasure to say that,
with few exceptions the great journals
in all parts of the country did their
duty in this regard; but some news
papers, and notably one, went far be
yond the proper limits of journalistic
criticism. I refer especially to The
North American, a Philadelphia
"It seems that that paper sent a
staff reporter to this county, and
while we have no desire to discourage
the sending of special correspondents
from Philadelphia to Anderson
county for the purpose of finding
out the exact truth; let them tell the
truth; let them treat a serious sub.
ject like this with fairness and can
"FACTs WHEN DISTORTED
are more mischievous than false
hoods. I do not say that the special
corr6spondqnts of The North Ameri
can deliberately wrote what was not
true, but I do say that his account was
greatly exaggerated, far too highly
colored, essentially misleading and
NOT A RACE ISSUE.
"It is foolish to talk of the neceE
sity of interfering by congress and
the federal courts. They ignore
the facb that the court and the
grand jury have brought the.matter
into publie attention and were busy
investigating it. We are able to
deal with this matter without any
outside help. We do not wish to
wash cur dirty linen in the federal
laundry. There is no politics in this
matter, no party issue, not even a
race issue, not even indirectly.
It is purely and simply the
righting of a grievous wrong.
We protest against the very idea of
outside inteference. It is untrue, as
this paper states, that 'he testimony
of negroes is not believed in our
The judge here cited several cases
beforo him recently, in which
THES EVIDENcE 01F NEoROEI
had been accepted by juries in pre
ference to that of white men. Judge
Benet also mentioned that this mat
ter had been called to the attention
of th6. Governor, who had forwarded
to the solicitor a letter received by
him. The judge said that he had
not heard of the matter until the
trial of the Ne'well case, and was as
tonished beyond measure by the dis
Turning.,to the audience, he said
that he wanted to advise the negroes
not to believe rumors which wene
going about as to the invalidit,y of
all labor contracts. He said the
court will enforce all lawful con
tracts, and. that negroes should not
make the mistake of believing the
investigation meant that all contracts
Taking up the presentment, Judge.
B3enet read the names mentioned and
said that some of them at least had