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j -_185._tapi Teratb85
s;TABLISHED 16 NEWBERRY, . C., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1901. TWICE A WEEK -1.50 A YEAR
A i 'nn D, u t <<.:IT a:.. t
WBITI'EN BY A NI:WV8ERCIAN NOW
MAKLNO A 8UUUVEY OF TIE
An Interesting Story of the Counstry. Traits
ani Outomna of tho NatilvI, ande4 tho
IeautteR ans Ourio e i t I,o s ou
Intero,itgly Told! by Irof Wtl.
The following letter has been re
ceived by a relative of Prof. Williams
Welch, which has been handed us for
publication. It IN interesting read
ing and will be enjoyed by our read
Manila, P. I., August, 30, 1901.
Dear Uncle Willie: In compliance
with your request to write you a long
+,. letter about this country etc., I take
pleasure in mentioning some things
I trust may interest you.
4 On my way here when I reached
Colorado Springs at the foot of the
Rocky Mountains, the scenery was
so charming that I stopped over two
i days and saw Pikes P eak, the "Gar
den of the Gods" and the springs,
one of which is good soda water, an
other is full of sulphur, while another
is full of iron in solution. The scen
ery in the Rockois is not so beauti
ful as in the Blue Ridge mountains,
but is on a far grander scale. (One
gorge through which the train passed
is three thousand feet deep.) It was
bitterly cold in crossing the summit
but the weather was delightful on
the other side at Salt Lake City where
I made another stop. The trip from
there is across a vast barren plain
which is almost a desert. Scattering
sage bush is about the only vegita
tion and thore art few signs of life
except an occasional cavote and some
immense flocks of sheep. Each flock
contained several thousand and was
cared for by two or three lonely herd
In crossing. the Sierra Nevada
mountains the snow was about two
feet deep and you can imagine my
surprise that very afternoon in the
Sacramento Valley to see such sum
mer -like weather that men were gath
ering strawberries in their shirt
sleeves. San Francisco is a fine city
but the sight of the place is "China
town." About forty thousand Chi
nese live there and have filled it with
their stores, temples, theatres and
oriental customs. I happened to see
a funeral in which they beat gongs,
burnt paper and carried a quanit.y of
food to the grave.
The Chinese religion is very diff
erent from ours. They reason that
God is too good to harm us and too
wise to make a mistake; so to them
it would be sinful to pray and request
him to < hange any of his plans. Trhe
devil, however, io greatly dleadetd.
They represent hi m as a draga)n and
\p erything is done to please him or
' frighten him away.. To please
m they burn lanterns or incense,
dto frighten him away they beat
gs or burn things which have a
y disageeable odor.
From San Francisco a trip of six
ye on an army transport brought
ato the Hawiian Islands. The veg
itation is all tropical and the moun
tains are nearly as high as the Rock
ies. Among themi are several active vol
canoes and a great many extinct cra
ters. I climbed into one of the lattar
and spent a day getting out again.
These islands are the most isolated
land on earth, being more than two
thousand miles f-om any inhabited
country. It is a most remarkable
fact that the original inhabitants
could sometimes navigate the ocean
for that distance in their large double
canoes. They had no compass and
they were either guided by the stars
or they had the same sense of direc
tion as a dog, cat or carrier pigeon.
With~ the exception of being much
larger the natives are similar to those
of the Philippines. They make the
same kind of boats with outriggers
to keep them from turning over, their
language is related and they have
some similar customs although nearly
five thousand miles apart.
After another trip of about three
weeks we sighted the Liadrone Is
lands. It was Christmas but the
weather was so hot a number of us
slept on the decks at night. The
transport carried several hundred sol.
diers Most of t ho veterans put in
Val"11 Liuau gauioling wilO thl recrm11ts
put in theirs singing gospel hym111ns,
holding prayer meetings and trying
to persuade their wicked brothers to
"flee from the wrath to come and be
saved." There is but little animal
life in the Pacific compared with the
Atlntic and the trip becomes monot
onous. This caused a groat effort
among the very high toned oloeoit
on board to have some diversion and,
as "Idle men are the devil,s play
mates" it wound up very naturaly in
a scandal or two. Those officors,
however, who had brought plenty of
liquor, molested nobody.
After sighting land again we soon
passed Cavite where a number of the
wrecks Dewey left are to be seen.
Manila is quite near and the first sight
which attracted my attention on land -
ing was a big water-buffalo which
looked like a cross between a hyppo
potamus and a cow. It was hitched
to a crude two wheeled cart and driven
by an uneasy looking Chinaman with
i breeches out around his loins and
syphalitic ulcers around both ankles.
After looking around further 1
thought of how an old follow in Texas
described Arkansas City. It is about
the worst town on thn Mississippi
River and when I asked him what
sort of a place it was he thought for
some time and then said, "Well I'll
tell you. It is a hell of a place."
Parts of Manila are foul smelling,
vermin iafested nests of niggors, Chi
nese, bubonic plague and sin, but the
board of health and the police are
improving it wonderfully. The cli
mate is simply delightful so far as
temperature is concernedl. The hot -
test weather is never as hot as that of
the Atlantic States, and the coolest,
is never cold enough to prevent the
little native children from going
about the streets wearing nothing but
a small pair of earbobs. Four ]an
gnages are spoken here, Spanish, Chit
nese, Tagelog and English. They
are as different from each other as
can be. In the Chinese language
many of the words are spoken with
the mouth closed. They say them
through the nose and seem Co artic
ulate with different inflections and by
varying the tones just as we can
grunt one way to indicate a bad smell
and a slightly different way to indi
cate one which is much worse. There
are about fifty thousand Chinese in
and about Manila. I have formed a
most excellent opinion of them; for
they are phenomically industrious,
extremely frugal and perfectly re
liable. As these are the three vir
tues which lead to financial success,
they are the monied men of the p)lace.
The Filippinos are by far t he small
est and sorriest looking people I
h'ive over seen. They are not yel
low like the Chlinese or red like tile
Indians but are lbrown and vary in
shade from a Claro te a Colorado Ma
duro. But few of them have enough
muscular strength to be valuable as
laborers, and while they are quite
shrewd, none have any mental abil
ity except those which are blended
with the Spaniard, the Chinaman or
the ubiqumtuous sailor. They are a
mild, good natured people and are
not bad in any way unless sti red up by
these mongrels who live among them.
.By nature there is no harmony of
thought purpose or habit between a
Chinaman and a Tagalo; so when
they intermarry the result is a crea -
ture wvhose very nature is paradoxical,
and they are the ones who have al
ways made trouble.
The food of the natives is mainly
rice, tropical fruits and fish, but they
also eat roots, hogs, bats, dogs, grass
hoppers, sr.akes, b)eetles, monkeys,
lizards, rate and about everything else
that anything else can oat. They will
oven eat one thing which I do not be
lieve anything but a Filippino can
oat and that is an ancient and venera
ble egg. I am told that when one
of them gets to eating eggs which
will pop it is hard to break him of it.
Ho cares for no other kind and the
habit, like chewing tobacco, becomes
fixed on him so that the Keely euro
!s thle only remedy. I fear though
that this statement may be somewhat
A Filippino can squat down and
sit down at the same time. When
they eat they all squat around a pot
amt eat out of it with their lingers.
They are able to sit in a chair and
out with a spoon when required to do
so but prefer to squat upon the table
and eat out of the dishes.
The weather here is always either
warni or hot, and it is not the slight
est brech of Filippino etiquette to
appear without clothes; so clothing
to them is simiply an uncomfortable
ornament, which intorferos with thior
health and makes thom ridiculous.
Shoes give them trouble by keeping
their feet hot and causing blisters,
corns, too itch and other t, -monts.
When a wild Igorrote is in full
dress lie aiiply wears a hat and a
gee string and carries a large shiOld
on his left arm and several spears in
his right hand. A domesticated Tag
alo, however, prefers a derby hat and
a shirt with a large full tail which he
always hangs outside. lie often ties
a string around his trousers at the
ankles and carries his shoes in his
Five cents worth of rice will last. a
man about four d tys and if he will
catch a few fish in the meantime he will
get along all right. For that reason ic.
is almost impossible to induce them to
(1o much work. One old fellow said
if they civilized him he would have to
work and try to save enough money
to live without working, but while he
remained as he was he lived all right
and did no work.
Like all ignorant people, their cred
ulity is easily imposed upon and
they will believe things which are un
natural and unreasonable and mys
terious more readily than they will
those things which they can under
stand. \Vhen they try to accept
some foreign religion, which is in no
way adapted to their lives and cus
tomns or ways of thinking, they per
vert. it horribly. For example, when
one of them wishes to commit some
especially atrocious crime he commits
it on Easter; for, as the Thief on the
Cross was readily forgiven then, he
feels sure of being forgiven also.
rhey do not regard lieing as a vice
and will even lie to the priest when
they go to confession. The Igorrotes
maintain that the heaven of the Eu
rop-ans would not at all suit them.
They believe they might find Span.
iards there, and besides, walking
about the golden streets is something
they could not enjoy. Thoy think
that the soul is away when anyone is
asleep and are extremely careful not
to disturb a sleeper for fear he will
wake up without his soul.
The loros, who live in the south
ern islands, are Mohamedans and are
very fierce and1 warlike and fanatical
about their religion. They practice
polygamy andl own salaves and be
lieve if anyone kills a Christian he
wvill be sure to go to heaven regard
less of his past life. They are semi
civilized and are able to make beauti
ful weapons and inlay them with
The others have no tadvanced much
beyond weaving and making pottery
Like all savages, they are extremely
lhospi table and gene:ous and treach
erous and only the women are indus
trious. The men have a perfect pas
sion for gambling and fighting chick
ens, but strange to say, I have never
seen one drunkc or disorderly.
In this arch ipeligo there are eleven
large islands and possibly two thous
and small ones. Th le total area is
smaller than either California or
Montana, but is greater than Japan
or England. The population is only
about one fifth as large as either of
those countries, but with present
agricultural conditions is probably
fully up 4o the limit of what can be
supported. T1hie birth rate is very
high and various methods aro re
sortedl to to relieve the distressing
pressure of being over populated.
On the islands of Panay and Negros,
wheneveraniyone dies it is customary
for the relatives to go out at once arid
kill the first stranger they meet, so
that the two can joarney to the next
world together. This doubles the
death rate andl probably keeps it
about equal to the birth rate. The
Gadd anes and Ti ngu anes practice
head hunting when the fire tree
is in bloom and it is said to be im
possible for a young man to marry
who has not taken at las.t one had;
with which to adorn his dwelling.
The over populated parts of Europe
aro full of beggars, but 1 have never
seen a beggar among these people,
be it said to their credit, except the
blind and the very old. In the cit
ies the blind beggers squat down and
step while in that position and hold
out one hand and sing a little beg.
ging song to the tune of The Carni
val of Venice.
There are no native wild animals
hero except door, monkeys and thous
ands of bats; some of the largest bats
being as muoh as two feet across the
wings. When they sleep they
hang by one hind foot and wrap thom
solves up with their wings.
The doves, hawks, swallows, king
fishers and other birds which I have
soon are smaller and differ from those
in the United States except the crow.
He is all right. One cliff swallow
builds a nest which the Chinese eat
and for which they pay a higher
price than for any other article of
Among the interesting reptiles
are man eating crocodiles, pythons
as much as 22 feet long and harm.
less lizards 3 feet long. There are
numlers of theso lizards in the old
houses and walls in Manila. and when
they try to sing it is a great joke on
a0count of the close resemblance be
tween their note and some English
words One little newt stays about
the houses and keeps them pretty
free of bedbugs, flies and other
troublesome household insects.
Fish are abundant and in great
varieties. I do not know much about
fish and besides I am trying to tell
the truth in this letter, and fish stories
might have a bad effect. The cat
fish, with his feelers is the most fa
miliar to me. The natives fish a
great part of the time and it seems
to delight them very much whether
they catch anything or not. During
the other part of their time they
usually sleep or just squat still and
let their food digest.
I was surprised to find the insects
so remarkably similar to those on
the other side of the earth. While
they are nearly all modified in some
way, yet the same red ants, wasps,
butterflies, bees, moths, crickets,
grasshoppers, fireflies, roaches, spi
ders, mosquitoes, snapbeetles and
tumblebugs are all here and are
struggling for existence in just the
same way. In the State there are
little white insects called woodlice,
which resemble ants and stay under
plank which remainson damp ground.
Here they are called white ants and
are the most dreaded sets; for they
come into the houses in the wet sea
son and can eat out the interior of
books, furniture, wood work and
other things in a single night. They
never expose themselves to the light
and therefore can destroy anything
before their presence is suspicioned.
My valice had been on the floor near
my bed for several days and they
made a hole through the floor and
into it and ate up some South Care
lina newspapers without bothering
anything else. There is a big grass.
hopper which appears ocasionally in
swarms of thousands upon thousande.
I have seen clouds of them passing
overhead for hours. The men, wo
men and children turn out in great
glee and catch them with nets and
by every other method. They boil
themi, bake them, fry them, m ake
them into pies, candy them and sim
ply feast on them while they last.
Roaches are abundant about the
houses and average one and five.
eights inches in length; so they are
about eleven times as big as those at
home and run across the floor like
mice. The rmosquitoes do not sing
much and give warning but b)ite very
quickly and their bite is poisonous;
for it frequently swells and remains
painful for some time. The doctors
believe they inject malaria and other
(diseases into their victims. As plants
can not move about like birds and
insects and but few can scatter their
seed to any great distance; all the
plants here are quite different from
any I have seen elsewhere except in
bothouses. There irs an abundance
of tropical fruits of many curious
kinds. None of them are very good
excapt the muangoes banans, pine
apples and oranges. Mangoes atre
yellow and are soimewhat like paw
paws but are asH delicious as poachos.
They grow on large trees, which have
a dense foliage of dark green leaves
and make the most benutifiu I of sh adlo
trees, but. the tnativos usually lmve
banannas growing thick about thir
houses for shado. The most won
dorful and altogether tusefutl plant is
the bamnboo. It is almnost oxact lv
like a bushy can but grows as high
aH sixty foot and is its munch uas six
inches in diamnater at the bttomt.
The nativos us it for their houses,
fences, tablos, beds, )aItsoI , lats,
pitchers, cups, traps, hows aid or
rows, sleds, boats, agricult ural im ili
mntts and nearly everything else.
1 have hoard very agrooable mi,:(
by a Filipino band in which (Ithe
fifes, alto and b1s0 horn-s and vVir'N
other instrument except the drum.
was made entirely of bamiboo. 'Tlie
young buids nako very goeal feI.
and can be boiled in at green joint
while using som dry joints for iuol.
A hous ma<do of it anl tihliceed wit h
palm leaves is very strong amt1 is
so light that it, d0os the nat ives no
harm if shakeon down by ant eart h
quake or blown down by ia typhoe.
The islands are very mountainous
and contain oleven activo volcatnoee"
consequently earthquakes are fro
quent. During the winter noti a
drop of rain falls for months; but
during the wet season the rain pour.s
down every day for months amd se'
vore typhoons occur. The most se
rtous objection to the count ry i: the
malarial and tropical fevers in adi.
tion to the smallpox, bunri uri, ad,,Iob
itch, disentery and plaguo. I have,
taken every possible precant ion It,
preserve my health by bathing daily
with the strongest, carbolic s(a,lte
drinking only boiled walor, alwaiy
breathing through my nose, I:tiVee
quininte and avoiding insect hit es
and unhealthy localities; yet, I liav
spent nearly a month in au army
hospital with fever which at one
time was so high it was necessary
to reduce it by putting te in ic( wa
ter every few hours for several days.
There is one very fatal form of fover
which is local and those localities are
carefully shunned by the natives.
Let mee tell you what, we are doing
here. The area of those isla nd is
not known to within several t hosatne I
square miles and the mapsi of Ie
coast are unreliablo. With t he best
of instruments and by making the
most careful astronomical oiserva
tions it is possible to deternine the
position of any point on the oarths
surface to within abont twenty feet
on the ground. Our parties are fix
ing such points at initerval along
the coasts and theso points are to be
used as the basis for fnture suirveyti.
W e are also making maps of tihe h)ost
harbors and publishing them11 hore
for the use of vessels.
I am try) ing now to get tranispor
tation home by way of then Suez Ca
nal to Newv York and( if 1 (1o will
write you a letter deOscrib)ing t.hat
If you (10 not care to koop1[ this
letter I wvould be0 glad to have you
send it to New borry.
With love and1 k(inldest regardis
for you all I remnain,
Your alffectioniato nephewvi,
Southbern Rail way announce Ch(,1(tri'tt.
m as H-olday Rates bot,woonl all y I'ots11
on1 Its lines one and ono-tird'( fIrst, class
standard oune-Way tare for the roun d
trip. Ticket,s t,o bo sol'i Deocember 23rd,
24th, 25th, 30th, 31st, 1901, and JanuarlILy
1st, 1902, fInal limit Januaryi') 3rd, 1 902.
To students of schools and1( cees0,
upon pre3sentatio)n and surrendelr of
certificates sIgned by Superiat.endenits,
PrincIpals or P-residents of the vartiu
ine titu,li)ms, tickets ait thiese rates w ill
be so'd Dombnhr l16,' to 's 22.d.
1901, inusilve, wit,h flal limit.lanuary3
8 h, 1902
For detailed informnat,ion cul on any
agent of the 8 m1thornl Il.lway.
J. C. Bi -am, JTr.,
D). P. A , A tla'ta, G;a.
D). P' A , Charleston, S. C.
A.G. P. A., Atlanta, Ga.
No woman can consider her engage.
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Thou thl(re ws4 Im11I'.! foraitl coil
"T1h11''t is lllwro history arounld
( ' 111';;to It 1 41 1 it t' fI t' i4r ' 11 0111 ) i
Iarrlsts, 4)11in111 alty <,1 bor ph,l4an Ill
th(+ lilt(vd Stlat(( ," remarll'Ulo 8 -"'ttor
I'illInltml. "SOUthi Carolinal is long
4n otkin;; hi ;t ry, lilt. ralthor short
on wuriting i.
"Sill, youl 1art' not at all Hlow in
(1ot , Ibg it, rt)[,lt+(l Iho 'ro:Ii(I4)nt.
"Oh, 1no), w" k(o(1) olIr \vill)ags in
p eIyl l', gi1o),l 11td 'I'," H;nd11 Ii.. TI'i111man.
St'nit,or .1('hitnrin madt(o no re
nIlilr's.-.Now York Still.
eitteg4 h' I l :e I4 61' i t )i.l . Ilt, ulu 0 .
Jtt g 4N14 1 41 4 t; -tun J.C 1 It ttu It N~04.
IIi.I . t)41, fo t A'nc ,unt,
1)1 l 1114, N. C., )ec. 2.-At mid
niglht in!iraty, laflor tho telograpl
tli,- hert' w%s ('44l)o, 1nd1 aftor the
ju in till (In ist t(titilgi caso It Ox
fttr-l hadl It144,) ont livo hours, they
I brouilght in at v'(+rlict of I I5,00) (amn
n sf,(r thO ph11antilf', RtOV. T. J.
(;t It i i ( Ono of t ho dIofondantH, W. Rt.
( bl'll, of ('oncordl, was roliovod from
li'; Inhtrt in thii verdiCt., the jury
r('n(4oriig judgmnt against Dr. J. C.
K iIgo 1n11 B. N. Dluko of the Amoa
i ' ;I I IIt l'!"iW ) (
'Tlhis vttr(Iirt occasion(l no great
sunrp)ril;tt to any ono famiiliar with
CMnItion;; itlout, Oxford. That is i
rt'1at 111 toa1co growing section, and
f i thwr- is iitrolnlg against the
' l enIb'l t(I t1'hne o I rti- . T111 1linltiff's
;tttorilu w''r not slo V to take
it I alit 4 ' )'1 tho1 ' fai(;t in allu'ling to
Ih'ir Intl,krip l clien'tt, 1 a11n the "blost
('] < ;.iih< )db lltr," l):Ike. Oni .iho jury
Ir I I, :an im,an it will be noted
t I h fonit 1i o vorlicl- ag(aiiHt
I r. ()1h41, w"ho it not conn1c te(1 with
the441 all4o4'd tobneco4'1 trust, but, whlo
h I Mr. Iuk walo 141on514of the( truisteest
ro4n4 for. '14 lihe pub)ica4tionI of 1th(
faml 4us pamhl14t, the o4ccasion01 of thll
1)k4 seemed4'114 to ant1ici pato4 1.1h4 vor
4i41 m1144 are' not) great11ly distur11bod1 by
it. A n app 1)-al 1ha1 boon41 t,akonl to the
Supronoiu, CurtS, wh'ichl they air' coni..
d1ont w'.ill14414 I4( a1o4<h,ide ihir favor.
They' '.t at1 1111t hat4 the supremo1 court
has already I passed'4 oneo4' 01n th caso018
Anoth4er 1 trial wa111Is granIted41 illorde(r to
allow11 11he phlti li to inItrodu4ce no4w
4'v14lon144 tend4ing to show~ malIlict 01n
11h4 pa1rto I. be de441 fenda tsll~ . No) nowl
4'videnen44 was1' fonud, and1( .Judllgo Shawi
IIuisructed 4411 ju14 ry 1that there could1
b4411114 no 411 onli - u los i ho HtaItofmonts of
D r. K1ilg> abouIt Mr. Gattis were
pro4ved4 falso. The( jury') evidenltly
11h1'ut 143 byw4'ro false, b)ut the do
lfondnt are11 coni 401 id 4nt1 thatt tihe an
prm coulrt will hint otherwise and
loti r('st iln 11h1 caso4 seen-s to have
largely' (died out . The trial was attend..
(44 Iby only3 a1 few persons, and public
senit timenit is niot nearly so evident as
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Nothing makes a man so proud
wh1eni he has1 been losing money in
Wl all street as to go home and hear his
wife p)redlit that the baby is going,
to be( a1 Croesus, becaus 01he is so much
hika his fathnr.