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IN NEW COTTON MILLS.
IV * xSTUD IN THE SOUTH DUE
ING THE LAST QU'RTER.
Iaeresse is Capitalization of a Number of
Sa astial Eills Indicates that the
Leaders of the Industry
Have Faith in It.
During the third quarter of the
year embracing July, August and
deptember, plans have been mad to
add to the Southern textile equTp
meat 328,068 spindles and 8,513
looms, representing an investment of
about 86,561,3860. Figures compiled
by the Manufacturers' Record in last
week's issue show 172,128 spindles
and 4,118 looms to be added by 20
established; companies and 155,940
spindles and 4,395 looms to be in
stalled by 13 new companies. Re
viewing the quarter the Manufactu
>ess' record says:
"The key-note of present progress
seme to be the determination of
Southern manufacturers to enter the
field of fine goods production. This
tendency appears in announced plans
of mills for making the higher counts
of yarns and fine cloth, two such pro
9et being especially notable. One
of these is the $2,000,000 plant that
the Messrs. Duke and their associ
ates of Durham, N. C., and New
York city will build at Dunn, N. C.
It will have 70,000 spindles and
2,000 looms for the production of
denims and camlets and about the
plant will be established a modern
mill town with every facility for
health and convenience The second
project is that of the Dan River
Power and Manufacturing company
of )auville, Va., - which will build a
" 0,000 da12 and power house on
the Dan river near Danville to oper
* ate a plant of 80,000 spindles and
* 2,400 looms. It is the purpose to
build first a mill of 40,000 spindles
and about 1,200 looms, to be followed
by the construction of a second mill
- of the same capacity, and about $2,.
000,000 jil be invested in the enter
prise. This company is closely allied
with the Riverside Cotton mills, a
*$2,000,000 corporation operating 67,
650W spindles and 2,640 looms in the
* ~ predpiotion of plaids, checks, stripes
"~Another step towards fine goods
production has been taken in the
* ~ $200,000 finshed plant of the Gaff
-ney', 8. C., Manufacturing company
- now approaching comnpletion. This
* ~ addition wdll contain the equipment
-for bleaching 'and mercerizing yarns,
<and piece goods, dyeing yarns, warps
and giece goods, printing piece goods
anNoi~~washing, entering, calendar
ing and finishing cotton goods, and
will enable the plant, which contains
6 7,040 spindles and 1,400 looms to
ehagA from plain print cloths to
fanny dobby weaves, dress goods,
"A most interesting fact about this
textile progress is that a majority of
the additions in spindleage are
planned by the successful Southern
cotton manufacturers-men 1#ho are
fully acquainted with the resources
* of their section and base their deci
*sitins to increase their investments
upon an experience of many active
years in this industry."
Bearing upos the movement in the
South toward stock..raising and pack
ig.hnns-ais a letter to the Mann
facturers' Record from Mr. Charles
J. Haden of Atlanta, who writes re
*garding the native grasses of Geor
gia and Florida:
"I know that in the West the im
pression prevails that the native
grasses of Georgia and Florida are
not nutritious, but this is a mistake.
'Nutritious' is a relative term. It is
possible that pound for pound, the
natRYo grass of the Western plains
* has more flesh producing power than
* any equal quantity of grass of the
pine lands, but there can be no doubt
* that acre for acre the converse is
true. Our Georgia and Florida grass
grows taller and denser.
* "For 60 years or more cattle and
* sheep have been successfully growni
in South Georgia and Florida with
out other food at any time of the
year than the indigenous grasses. .. .
Last week while in Clinch County,
Ga., I found the cattle were as sleek
and Iat as the best I saw in my jour
ney across the plains. The breed of
South Georgia cattle is small; so
were the cattle in the early range
days of the West. In the West they
were bred up from a 600 pond av
erage animal to a 1,000 pound aver
age, and the same can be done in of
the Southeast. The fault is in the b(
grower, not in the grass. If fires w
are kept out of the forests for two t1
consecutive years or more the volume b
of grass is very greatly increased.
When thus protected there appears
a very valuable growth of evergreen
shrubs, excellent for grazing, and
best of all, the wild oats, the finest
of all wild grasses. When the white
man first occupied South Georgia he
found the forests covered in wild oats.
They were destroyed by annual for
est fires and cannot be brought back ti
within only one season's freedom from d
STATE AND COUNTY FINANCES. ti
Careless Way in Which the County Finances C
Are Usually Handled-The State a
Sinking Fund. C
[August Kohn in News and Courier.] a
i Ni deal has been written about I
the condition of the State's finances. P
The necessity of -getting the State P
upon a nonborrowing basis has here- 8
tofore been mentioned. The coun- e
ties are integral parts of the State,
but far too little is known about the 0
financial condition of the counties.
Of course the chief requirements is 3
that the counties should be satisfied ?
with their own financial condition.
The fact of the matter, however, is
that most people in the counties do
not pretend to inquire into the county 8
finances as they should. Take the
average man, and he hardly knows
whether his county is operating upon
a cash basis or not, and he is a rarity R
if he can tell how much money his h
county has borrowed, and certainly C
not one in a hundred taxpayers can
tell the aggregate- indebtedness of 1
the- county, bonded, or by notes float.
It is really a very much more seri
ous condition than might be supposed ?
Within the last few weeks in two 8
counties loans of $5,000 and $3,500, t
which ought to have been sett.ed
with funds on hand, have slipped
through the hands of those who
ought to have discove'red the irregu
larities, and the county officials did
naot know whether these claims had
been paid or not, and certainly if the
county grand juries and county offi
ials did not know of such irregula- '
rities the average taxpayer could not
be expected to know it.
The Comptroller Genierai's office ~
hopes to be able to present tables ~
from the various counties showing ~
exactly what amount of indebtedness ~
ioutsading against each of them,
It will be a difficult matter to get ~
this data up correctly, but when it C
is prepared with care it will be im
portant and valuable.
A great many counties have war
rants outstanding of which they keep I
no record, and a systematic plan on C
the part of the State authorities will
at least have the merit of getting the '
counties started right in keeping tab
of what they owe and how the vari
ons sinking funds and bond accounts
stand, and letting the public know. ~
While on the subject of sinking I
funds it may be interesting to note ~
that the State's sinking fund must
now carry itself and that its main in
erea.se will have to 'come from the I
interest account. The sinking fund a
now amounts to about half a million.
dollars. This fund was largely built
up from the royalties on phosphate '
rock in the days of the Coosaw comn
pany. More than $200,000 a year
has been paid into tbe State's coffers
from the royalty of phosphate rock, I
but since the goose which laid the 8
golden egg was killed the annual c
royalty has dwindled down year by -
year and now is only about $20,000
a ye, r, and the prospect is that it
will be even less. The state sinking!
fnd was created for t be purp"se of
retiring the State's bi1ds. It will!
be a slow process, but, the balf a
miflion t.hat is now on band will at!
least be available for that purpose
when the bonds are due.
The State now holds, having pur
chased themi in open market, about
$114,000 worth of Stt bonds. ItA
has loaned to th" State Hous. com
mission, for ttoe purpose of comnplet
ing be Stat-e Hqase~, about $175,000,
of which two instalnments of $15,000
have already been paid as agreed
upon, and subsequent annual pay.
mets will have to be paid at the.
same rate. The State has loaned to
the various borrowing counties about
B125,000, for which the county taxes
are pledged, and the counties are
paying the State sinking fund a nom
al interest. The remainder of the
aund, about $100,000, is on deposit
State banks, drawing interest at
he rate of 4 per cent.
If the income had continued as of
d from Coosaw, it would not ha
sen difficult for the State to ha
iped out as much .as a million
vo of the State's debt each time t
)nds had to be renewed.
)VrEI ( ROLIAIAN HIGHLY H(
Imost Certain to be California's Chief J
tice-Jadge John K. Law Is Named.
A Former Darlingtoutan Unan
imously Nominated by
South Carolinians are winni
ieir way all over the country thi
ays in many States. Now comes at
ier and striking instance. Reee
r at the Democratic State Conve
on of California, held in Sacramen
al., Judge John K. Law, a nat
ad former citizen of Darlingi
ounty in this State, now a resido
f Merced County, Cal., was una
iousl) nominated for the exall
osition of chief justice of the I
reme court of California, which
most certain to be tollowed by
The San Francisco Examiner si
f Judge Law:
"J. K. Law, nominee for eb
istice on the Democratic ticket, a
orn in South Carolina in 1841, a
ras graduated from South CarolL
[ilitary academy in 1863. He rf
iw with his father, Judge E. A. Li
leading member of the bar of t]
itate, and was admitted to pract
efore the State supreme court
866, when be formed, a partnersl
rith his fatber and practiced w
im until 1869, when he removed
alifornia. Here he was admit
a practice before the supreme co
a August, 1869, and was grante
rat grade certificate by the St
oard of education and taught a
essfully in public and private sch
f California for several years, si
equently receiving a State edu
ional diploma. Judge Law went
ferced County early in 1873 and
ued the practice of law, and e
eld the office of superintendent
ublic schools for Merce.d Com
rom July, 1873, to March, 18
[e was elected district attortgey
frced County, serving one ter
rm March, 1876, to March, 18
rhen he declined the place and w
ack to private practice. Jui
iaw was nominated unanimously
perior judge in 1890 and was ele
d, and was re elected in 1896 fo
econd termi, and served on the ber
Lutil April, 1900, when at the ea
it solicitation of his clients he
igned from the bench to take chai
f important legal business."
In speaking of Judge Law
tanislaus (Cal.) News says:
"In all the ranks of the Demoorn
arty of California, or the Repul
an either for that matter, it isi
tssible to find a man who is bel
talified for the office of chief j
ice of the supreme court than Ju<
hn K. Law.
"Judge Law is a gentleman
ronderful personality, is above
roach in word and deed and is
oul of honor.
"Throughout the entire State Jud
saw is looke I upon as a lawyer
ower and a jurist of ability, decis
"The bestowal of the office of ci
2stice of the State upon Judge I
rould be an honor that would be
rvedly, worthily and prope
"A search of the berich and beri
de entire State would fail to rev
name to which more honor, digni
,urteousness, honesty and manhc
ve is attached than to that of Judge
ye John K. Law. As a man who stands
or and fights for principle his equal is
he rarely fonnd. Judge Law knows
the value of reputation and his record
on the bench and as a member of
N- the bar shows that he has been care
ful to see that his reputation should
be kept from taint. It would be im
possible to find in the State a man
who would or could be a greater
credit and honor to the supreme
New Idea Woman's Magazine.
1 The fortbcoming November num
' ber of the New Idea Woman's Maga
'n zine will afford entertaiming and
to, protitable reading for women in all
ive classes and conditions of life. It will
ton be tinged, naturally, with the Thanks
?nt giving idea, but will cover the ground
m- of woman's needs. A novel feature
ted will be the first of a series of bright
so- letters from an Englishwoman's pen,
i under the caption of "The Journal of
his a London Woman." "Dressing the
Bride" will set forth a new occupa
ly tion for women, and there will be
half a dozen good stories by the dlev
ief erest writers. "Autumn Novelties"
ras will illustrate the newest departures
nd in fancy work, and in "Goood House
ma keeping," excellent menus for Thank.
ad giving dinners will prove helpful and
ice If you have anything to exhibit at
in the State Fair send to Secretary Hol
iP loway, at Pomaria, S. C., for a Pre
ith mium list. Do not delay to do so.
Y .. M y
a- GILDER & WEEKS
aty ( E8TABLIsED IN 187'1. )
74 Capital - - -- - $150,000.00
ofSurplus and Profits - 96,865.88
E'in General banking business Lransacted
78, with promptness. Special attention to
collections. Correspondence solicited.
an Savilegs Department..
Ig Deposits allowed interest at the rate
for of 4 per cens per annum from date of
deposit. Interest payable January 1st
Ct- and6 July 1st of each ye,ar.
r a M. A. CARLISLE, Prest.
ich T. .S DUNCAN, Cashier.
hJ. W. M. SIMMoNs, A sst. C'r
itic Inrerest paid on deposits in the Savings
.Department at the rate of 4 per cent.
bli per anbum from date of deposit at.
Ige OF NEWBERRY, S. C.
of CAPITAL ---$50,000 00
r-We ti-ansact a general Banking busi
the ness and solicit the accounts of indi
viduals, firms and corporations.
GEo. W. SUMMER. L. W. FLOYD.
of GEo. S. MowER. ,P. C. SMITH.
ion A. J. GIBSON. W. H. HUNT.
JNO. M, KINARD, PreQident.
Oi . B. MAY ER, Z. F. WRIGHT,
nyGEEDULE IN EFFECT AFTER JUJE 2, 190 .
*Lv Glenn 8priags...................900a m
of Boebuck.......................... 945a m
beck...... .............................. 405p
7, Ar Glenn Springs.............. ... .. 4 4~
ROLNA CEM4AL CD. r a
Romeo'whispered to Junlit, "Folks
might think me on a very good foot g
ing here; but I'm doubtfnl how long i
this balcony will staud it." "Con ti
off the perch," was the maidenly re y
joinder, and Romeo tumbled -New t
Farmers! Bring or send the fruits l
of your labors to the State Fair at t
Columbia, October 28th to 31st, and
you need not exclaim, as many are
heard to do every year, "I cau beat
IF YOU Ai' :
With this gargle your throat often i
fct always fresh in
br Cuts, Mashes am
need only to apply
a few times and the soreness
be conquered and the woun<
To get the best results you
of soft cloth with the linimer
wound as you would a poult
25c., 50c. and
KEEP AN EYE ON*"
rsemae among your towlBus0g
Vmasag h.m P=wn
NOR TN, EAl
SEhe vsse. Vg..te
New Te sa d 18eIda,s gsi
and ~samah. e e
~eupee D8aIaEs*se Seve.
b me.Uaen .ewvue ad Lei
e* ent Iea Oseeltas a
in. W. ueirT.
RETH MOST EGONOMIC ?
Select specimens of you choicest
rains, vegetables, finely bred stock,
icluding poultry, for exhibition ;et
ie State Fair. A little effort on
our part will secure one or more of
ie handsome presents.
Experience and observation are
ur best teachers, hence the necessity
2 visit the next State Fair.
Arrange your plans early to attend
he 34th Annual State Fair at Colum
ia Oct. 28th to 31st.
f of Mexican Mustang IAn
nto a glass half full of water and
will quickly ure a Sor Thrsi&
I all Open Sores, .
3 and inflammation i1
led flesh healed.
should saturate a piee
Lt and bind it upon the
Ltyand at tbe ver frtsignc
ma ustang Liniment.
Eth ad Pl.ase
7 and W EST.
New @uIease, via At~
PeAmes via Aulat ad 96
er via Lwa.hbwE.g Sei.0
sea all The.egh ~Wsme
V Rateo e stCee$es se
.S. sad *ees 3m-.
alU R..eet new em S.le as
b~ - b..
s. . TAsIes,
5ch du'e in Meot August 9th 190!
8 40 am Lv Atlanta (S.A.L) Ar. 880 pm
I0 5 am Athes 019 pm
11 56 am Elberton 6 17 pm
12 58 pm Abbeville 4 06 Pm
1 22 pm Greenwood 8 85 pm
2 l5pm Ar Clinton (Dinlr) Ly. 2 45 pm
10 00 am Lv Glenn Springs Ar 4 00 pm
12 16 pm Spartanburg 8 0 pm
12 2 pm Greenville $ 25 pm
i 1 s-pm Waterloo 2 85 PM
1 42 ).r .r Laurens (Din'r) Lv 2 (7 pm
22 53 52 85
Daily Frt Dly Ft'
Ex Sun Ez en
Am. P M -> a
600 202 Lv Lauren Ar 150 500
6J ; 07 " Parks ..Ar 142 480
56 4) 22, ..Clinto. . 180 430
658 484 GoMVl10 117 351
1708 2 43 ..Kinard. 10 40
717 249 ...Uary... 105 38
726 264 ..JaIapa.. 100 822
800 3 )0 iewberry 1246 300
8 2: 3 24 Prud 'ity 1282 22
j8 42 884 ...Slg .... -1228 23
42 v85 39 [t8Mountaf 1219 156
9 15 8561 ...Chapirn... 1209 1896
9 24 3857 H ilton 1202 129
9*9 #!! Whbite Roo~k 11869 194
937i 4 (7 B8.11entine 11564 11.5
9 52 4 17 ..! rmto..... 11 46 100
'1)09 .42 t .Leaphat 1140 12148
'10 g 4 45ArO1nist v 1120 12M0
p55 LvColuDbla (A.C.L.)Ar 11 m;0
9 20Ar Cbsrlebtonl Lv 7 00 -
Tr+in' 58 kund 52 -irriv'e a"d depart from ,
new union depot..
Tttans1 22 ar d 05 fi or. A. C. L. freight depot 2
For Rates, T im 'e TRbleu, or further Intorma
tion call . n aLy.Ageut, or write to
W G. CHILD8., -T.MX. BEUON,
President. T.Mme 3aft"fr :
F. IPNUSTON. H'. "M! MHN
Sot. 1gt. W4en'T F-t.. & Pass aet.
',rii t)I,1. S~ C. W imington. I. (. -
ATLANTIC' COAST UINf '
cbDl1' , MHEhT'LE.
WT' M11Go1+.z N. C., U!~ 2'a' 12.
Tbrou. hi Tra&n- Cbarleston to Gt:"envill.
7.00 ain.....L'c...Charlestun, S. C".....Ar '9.20 pm
8.35 am... 1....Lane .............Ar 690 pm
9650 a. .....t,v ....sin3atsr.,,.&.... Ar 4 55 Pu;
11.10 rim. .r......Colnbil..s...Lv 8.45pm'
2.29 Km..'r.: ?ro tt..~.. ; 2.24 pm f
2.4 p...Ai 2~t~rY ....Lv 2,<O pm
1.25I m..i....Cintb ....Lv '.SSpm
1.47 .pm. ...Ar......aDrp *.... Lv 210 pm
4.:6 PM . .r. reilr ...Lv 12.2 ps
FK.'OiLUiB.L 8. C.
No. 6Q Arrive SnOter.t1 "u; " op$wa
Dai. , t ;kI n' ;. Vior I; Rrlt r.'on
4.0 .5 i . in ;H'?riviUi.+4 ppin ; BenueI*s
F M lvie9.37 p m;. 4ii"6.3 p n~ ; Faynte
vil;e 0.''p ic; WJ_nlington i326 ps;
P-,ttrsburg 8. 6 a ::mAhwond .125
No,64 Arriie i-u- ter8yr; Florence 9.5
D l1y a' ; Da! itugton 1 . . am ; Cheraw 11.4
i;Wsd S't,oro' 2':0 pr- Hartsville ..
A l . Un atn xra w'm W.D an ;~ pm;n> 1e ,
855 M 9 Lt.iounain 1 219fbbIag W15i6.
924 357 Hiio er12k~l 0at4?,1
9 3V 0oBlleineR 1 5 W11
9 n52 rson7......e..... 7 06m10
W1terl.4 (H. ...eph., l 40Im 4
~ Greenv45Ailumb. 1p 15 a
pm .Wm am -
4 5avludb.. (...5A 3
9 20dArshalston 603p 7 00.....
Trrri5e and 52 arrive and.departpfro
eav unin epoa .1 . -m -
eerssreet .. 22p
W.r GrenvilA..... 3 . EB sp,
Preient.ll . ..Ta e
AiA linton -23ligtn p.
ETLAtndies LiAST Lilee lNwbr
-n GrWPi1~ 8INGrot Nb. ug and' Glen.
Thon.n Trais from len Colum-eniae
For '2. o atin- wste
7.00am....a..Chaleson, s~tG. C...A-9Ep
8 . .3 a m.. .... ae......... ....Ag r . 2 p
9LU0 a R... ID..GmEr.. ........A D 5p
I.5pm..ar....fee-ae 1 02...Lv 22 p
FROed MIxeBJ. s C
No. 9. Arriv2 satntu. 50;1- No
810t 95...B5o&Ve ee n,; .10 18
45 93.1ndentH rwill .p ; Ben 115s
.- 9;e..'pm;WstAnd.on. 8t2549 m
R.ck909 ount...D5'sver o.. .0
P.rsbug 8.Peaf: - eond ..4.12 ....;.
84'.n.on . .;erry York.I.8 p....
o.- 48A2r. e .u ter*8.0.r; . oene..
.6.h ; 800. Wsboro' 2 . 6p0r arvil
WiA a ..0 atp aro the5 aron sttiomnsgto
M. u,n t 5 om; p anes 4hnpey'P.
PDyspnenp- i''eTa Curanah
FrThi., rch--lol dcin ta wis -l
Ndiere ad ti.dlger, l ilas ig
ailsgto cur. Italwsyutoet.
stomachs cantaket'Dyots Ru man
'cued afte evrtig eIe faildd. I
ev wiugwastai.....a..cels thiv on it.p
irsde .releswo.....2 Adit unnecessar...
O. Lares...:.....a 1@k m 1 trsub
unequalled for the stomach. Child
ren with weak stomachs thrive on it.
First doserelletes. kdietunnecessary.
numan anntesinaak tasa..Man