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THE QUEEN OF SPICES
CINNAMON, DELICIOUS AND SUGARY,
AROMATIC AND PUNGENT.
The Discovery of Its Valuable Prop.
erties Antedates Recorded History.
Something of Its Uses and the Way
In Which It Is Produced.
Cinnamon is in itself unquestionably
the most delicious of all spices, being
sugary as well as aromatic and pun
gent. Many thousands of pounds are
consumed annually in every civilized
country, and it is also highly appreci
ated by even semicivilized and bar
barous nations where culinary art and
medicine have as yet made little prog
Its uses in sweet cookery are innu
merable. There are very few fruits
which are not Improved in preserves,
pickles and pastries by the addition of
more or less of this delicate bari It is
an essential flavoring in all spii cakes
and in many varieties of pies and pud
dings. In chocolate, confectionery,
candles, cordials and liqueurs cinnamon
contributes an incomparable flavor.
Its medicinal value is well known
as an antispasmodic and carminative
and tonic. Its use is recommended as
a preventive and remedy for cholera,
and in seasons when stomach troubles
prevail cinnamon drops are recom
mended as the most wholesome form
of candy for children.
The discovery of the valuable prop
erties of cinnamon antedates recorded
history, as it is mentioned in the Bible,.
In the book of Exodus, as one of the
ingredients of the sacred oil with
which the priests were anointed. So
highly was the sweet bark esteemed
- by the ancients that even a small piece
was considered a fit gift for a king. It
Is always mentioned as an especially
choice substance by Greek writers pre
vious to the Christian era. It is said
that the Arab traders, who first
brought It to Egypt and western Asia,
surrounded its history and production
with special tales of mystery and
The cinnnamon tree is a member of
the laurel family, which In the tropics
is represented by a large number of
aromatic and medicinal trees and
There are several closely allied cin
namon trees. but the finest bark is pro
cured from a species native to the is
land of Ceylon. distinguished by bota
nists as Cinnamonium3 zeylanicuim. Iur
a state of nature this grows to be a
tree from twenty to thirty feet In
height, with rather large, oval, entire
margined leaves and yellowish flowers
succeeded by small, brown drupes re
sembling acorns In shape. The grayish
- brown bark Is internally of an orange
color, which changes upon drying to
the characteristic brown which Is the
recognized name of a particular shade.
Almost every part of .the tree yields
some cboice substance and is especial
ly rich in oIL Th roots yield camphor
and the leaves an oil resembling the
oil of cloves and often spbstituted for
It, while from the fruit a substance
called cinnamon suet Is manufactured,
whieh Is ' highly fragrant - and from
which In former times candles for the
exclusive use of the king were made.
In the latter part 'of the eighteenth
century. while England was for a time
In possession of the spice Islands, cin
namon plants were among the choice
products that were Imported Into vari
ous other tropical regions, including
the West Indies, where in Cuba and
several other Islands it has become a
considerable article of commerce. Un
der cultivaMon it Is not allowed to
grow Into a tree, as the richest bark Is
taken from shoots of from two to four
years' growth. The young tree Is,
therefore, cut and shoots from the root
are encouraged to grow. The majority
of these are cut when about ten feet in
height and the bark Is detached in ten
or twelve inch lengths. After lying in
bundles for a few days the bark Is
scraped by hand, both outside and in,
until reduced to a thin sheet These
sheets are then made up into compos
ite "quills" by placing the narrower
and., shorter pieces Inside and rolling.
tightly, forming flrmrods, which after
further drying are made Into bundles
'weighing about eighty pounds and
wrapped for shipping. Grocers divide,
assort and very neatly combine por
tions of these quills Into small packets
for the convenience of their customers,
The oil of cinnamon Is made by
grinding the coarser pieces of the bark
and soaking them for two or three
days In sea water, followed by the
process of distilling. Two oils, one
heavier and the other lighter than wa
ter, are the product, both possessing
similar properties. The color varies
from cherry red to pale yellow, the
latter being preferred by most pur
The work of distilling Is lIght, and
an oil equal to the best Ceylonese is
now produced In Trinidad and various
other localities in Cuba and other West
As cinnamon commands a good price
and ts uses are continually multiply
ing, there Is every Inducement for ex-'
tending the area of Its cultivation, both
* In the eastern and western hemi
spheres.-St. Louis Republic.
A Crisis Met Half Way.
There were strict orders in the Phil
ippines regarding looting, and one day
a lieutenant's suspicions were aroused
by a private whom he saw peering ear
gerly under the piazza of a house on
the outskirts of Manila, writes Dixie
Wolcott in Harper's Magazine..
"What are you doing there?' he de
manded in his grufrest tones.
"Why, sir." said the soldier, saluting,
"I'm only trying to catch a chicken
,which I've just bought."
Lieutenant K. stooped and caught
sight of a fine pair of fowls.
"There are two chickens under
there." he exclaimed excitedly. "I
bought the other one. Catch 'em both."
Bridle your tongue and you saddle
your temper.-New York Press.
Cast iron articles were first made Ia
tn2iand in the year 1700.
THE TOP OF VESUVIUS.
A Visit to the Crater of the seething
There was no life on that bare, black,
birdless cone, and as we climbed an icy
wind began to blow, and the lava dust
stung the face like hail. The crust was
warm to the feet. I dipped my hand
into an aperture the size of a rabbit
bole and withdrew it hot and wet. On
every side the smoke eddied up .from
tiny craters, but all these things were
details in face of that everlasting vom
it of black smoke from the crater.
The wind raged above us as we drew
near the crater, and the lava dust spat
more viciously; the sulphurous smoke
hid the world from our view. It was as
if the lieutenants of that angry mon
arch strove to prevent mortals from
gazing too~ closely at her infernal or
gies.' On hands and knees we grabbed
our way up the cone, coughing, blinded
by the smoke, buffeted by the icy wind.
We reached the verge of the crater and
threw ourselves on our faces. I peered
for one moment into that caldron of
fire and smoke. The guide clutched
my arm and motioned me to follow
him round the edge of the' crater. I
crawled after him, crying, "Enough!"
But he did not hear. He could not have
heard a foghorn in the roar of that
"Enough!" I bawled, trying to grab
him. "E-nough!" I roared, clutching at
his leg. He shrugged his shoulders,
and, taking my arm, we plunged down
through the lava. A few paces below
he stopped. I bent toward him and
through the screams of the wind heard
him say, "Give me a leetle present to
Vitality of the Centiped.
The sight of a full grown centiped is
said by travelers in tropical lands to be
enough to affect the strongest nerves.
Ten to eleven inches is the average
length, although larger ones have been
seen. Lafcadio Hearn in "Two Years
In the French West Indies" says that
the vitality of the centiped is amazing.
Mr. Hearnkept one in a bottle, with
out food or water, for thirteen weeks,
at the end of which time it remained
active and dangerous as ever. The
centiped has one natural enemy able to
cope with him-the hen.
The hen attacks him with delight and
often swallows him, head first, without
taking the trouble to kill him. The cat
hunts him, but she is careful never to
put her head near him. She has a trick
of whirling him round and round upon
the floor so quickly as to stupefy him;
then, when she sees a good chance, she
strikes him dead with'her claws.
There are superstitions, concerning
the creature which have a good efrect
in diminishing his tribe. If you kill a
centiped, you are sure to receive money
soon, and even if you dream of killing
one it is good luck.
An Unlucky Citizen.
"Yes, sir," said the town story tell
er, "he wuz the onluckiest feller that
ever drawed the breath of life an' a
"You don't say?"
"Fact. Clumb a pine tree once when
he seen the sheriff comin' to levy on
him, - harricane come along, blowed
the tree down an' landed him in the
only vacant seat in the sheriff's buggy;
sheriff started to jail with him; met by
lynchin' party, who mistook him fer
'nuther man, an' strung him up, an'
he'd almost quit kickin' when some
un cut him down an' hauled him home
jest- as his mother-in-law had finished
writin' his obituary an' wuz standin'
before the glass to see how well she
looked in mournin'."-Atlanta Consti
tution. __ _ _ _ _ _
.Ms the best friedofthe dOg.
Iorses come next, but between the
dog and all other farm animila from
the house cat to the cow and the beef
steer, there seems to be a natural en
mity. Dogs, however, are fond of
sheep and goats-but as diet, not as
living friends. Cows and sheep and
goats should be kept as free =from as
sociation with dogs as is possible, with
the exception of the trained shepherd
dog. A dog walking through a cow
pen will often cause a decrease in milk
flow that amounts - to more than the
cash value of the dog. Many dogs are
worth considerably less than $0.00.
Farm and Ranch.
Singular Marriage Custom.
When two Negritos, a people of the
Philippine Islands, are united, the
whole trbe is assembled, and the af
fianced pair climb two trees growing
near-to each other. The elders then
bend the branches until the heads of
the couple meet. When the heads have
thus come into contact, the marriage is
legally accomplished, and great rejoic
ings take place, a fantastic dance com
pleting the ceremony.
The Honorable Memabem.
"I suppose the arrival of new con
gressmen from time to time has a tend
ency to give variety to life in the Capi
tal City ?
"Not a great deal," answered the
man who is more or less cynical. "It
merely means the introduction of new
names into the same old anecdotes."
In His Mind.
Braggy says his grandfather lost
his mind because of the loss of his for
"e's just got the story twisted. He
lost his fortune because of the loss of
is mind. That's-where he had his for
tune."-Catholic Standard and Times.
-- .: -lmpossible.
Biggs-They say Mrs. Gabbleton is
guilty of an attempt at blackmaiL.
Diggs-I don't believe it.
Digg-No woman on earth would
think :of accepting "hush money."
Great After -Dinner speech.
Spunger-The best after dinner
speech I ever heard was once when I
as out with Goodley.
Winks-And who jnade the speech?
Spunger-Goodley. He said, "Let me
have the check, p)ekse, waiter."-Phil-'
MR. BEESWAX AND ANGELINA.
They are Engaged After Much Eloquence
Was Expended on His Part.
(News and Courier.)
Mr. Nathan Beeswax called to see P
Miss A ngelina Carraway last night. e
Mr. Beeswax has been fiercely in love t
with Angelina since he met her sev- h
eral weeks ago at the Isle of Palms.
He has never, however, been able to fi
talk business to her from a matrimo
nial viewpoint, as he is about to go r1
into the hands of a receiver. But the b
way he loved Angelina, the deepseat- %
ed, yearning adoration with which be a
regarded her, took the edge off his q
appetite and made him morose and
Last night they sat on the-sofa in
the parlor. Mr. Beeswax bad decided s
to reveal the nature of his malady. li
Papa was upstairs smoking a cigar tl
and thinking about freight rates. p
Mamma was in the dining room plac. b
ing the soiled supper dishes on the 'I
side table, so old Betty could wash fi
them early the next morning. Aunt I
Laura was in the sitting room read- I
ing a letter from her married sister, $
who lives in Lowndesville, S. C. Lit- i1
tle Harry, Angelina's young brother, a
was on the front veranda poking his c
hand in Bruno's mouth to see if he li
would bite. t
"Angelina," begged Mr. Beeswax o
softly, " I want to tell you something. n
I want to tell you that my system is -
crowded with love and the standing- a
room only sign has been hung out. I
can't look at you without a sort of li
swelling sensation in my throat. I've
never been in love before and it's go- g
ing hard with me. I have all kinds
of curious symptoms. I saw you walk
up King street yesterday with that s
gimletheaded Willie you call Mr.
Charlie, and the cold sweat came out
of me in geyser-like streams. I can't
stand the agony much longer. If the
worst comes to the worst there is al- c
ways a way out of it. A gulp of laud- 1
naumn! A deep sleep-and the fol.
lowing head-line in The News and ~
Courier the next morning: 'Last ~
Flashes from the Wires: Mr. Bees.
wax is no more.' Then my home
paper, the Burgsville Daily Aston- ~
isher, will print th,e sad story under (
this head: 'Mr. Beeswax Seeks al Sn
icide's Grave. The Details.'
"Oh, Mr. Beeswax," cried Ange- ~
lina,with a shudder, "don't even hint f
such a horrible thing. I can't stand f
"Darling, come hither; I believe r
you do care for me about thirty cents v
worth," said Mr. Beeswax, unlimber t
ing his right arm.t
"Mr. Beeswax, please stop." t
Stop what? Oh, that's all right. You
don't want to worry about trifles. It s
will shorten your life if you do." r
"Mr. Beeswax, you are the most
awfol man I ever met. No, I won't
either. You sit over yonder and be
"Well, if I have to occupy this
chair," said Mr. Beeswax, taking thet
seat assigned to him, "I might just ,
as well be talking to you over the
long distance telephone. I can see
plamly enough you don't like me. It
wish I was dead."
Angelina gazed out of the window
and said nothing.
"You've quit speaking to me, have
you ?" continued, Mr. Beeswax, in an
aggrieved tone. "Woman, don't tam
per with my affections. Desperation
is gnawing at my vitals. Dost thou
not know that lovers and mad men
have such seething brains, such shap
ing fantasies, that apprehend more
than cool reason ever comprehends.
Hear me, for the Shakespeare in my
system has caught fire; 'The luna
tic, the lover and the poet are of im
agination all compact. One sees
more devils than vast hell can hold
that is the madman; the lover, all as
frantic, sees Helen's beauty in a brow
of Egypt. The poet's eye, in a fine
frenzy roiling, doth glance from
Heaven to earth, from earth to Heav
en; and, as imagination bodies forth
the forms of things unknown, the
poet's pen turns them to shape, and
gives to airy nothing a local habita
tio and a name. Have a care, wom
an, have a care!"
"What on earth do you mean, Mr.'
Beeswax?'' cried Angelina, in a puz
"I mean," replied Mr. Beeswax,'
st"rnly, "to return to that sofa and d
sit beside thee. It's too cold out
here where I am."t
"Very well," said An.gelina, smil ~
ingly ; "but if J ou do not conductI
yourself properly I'll scream for pa e
"You will eh ?" exclaimed Mr.
Beewax, quickly. "All right; I'd C'
haet nuepp, u fh' ok
ingtfo tonube I'mwilin btoi he'strio
"Mr. Beeswax," admonished Ange
na, nervously, "can't you sit her
it hout placing your arm on the bacl
E this sofa?"
"That arm knows its business," re.
lied Mr. Beeswax, composedly. "It'f
lucated. So long as it does its du
r I never interfere with it. Say
Dw much do you love me ?"
"Not a particle," replied Angelina
"Woman," snorted Mr. Beeswax
sing to his feet, "surely thou musi
e bereft of thy senses. 'Tis I, Bees
ax, who lays his heart and forum (
t thy feet. Are you ready for the
"What question ?" murmured An
elina, with a demure smile.
"'Tis like a play," cried Mr. Bees
ax. " woman, come out into th<
melight. The curtaiiiis up. Tb
1ird act is on. The most thrillinl
ort of the performance is about t<
egin. Hearken to my soliloquy
'he fatal moment has arrived. Th
zture is big with possibilities The
resident has been hunting bears ii
[ississippi and trouble is bruin
howers of stars are predicted, an<
is rumored that the actress whi
cidentally swallowed a watch ha
nghed up thirty minutes. Ange
na, come closer: I'm making his
>ry now. The question in my min
f Rutledge avenue, concerns thei
iost acutely. To kiss or not to kis
-that is the question. Damsel, it'
p to you. "
"Oh.h, Mr. Beeswax," cried Ange
na, in a stifled tone.
And so Mr. Beeswax became on
STAMPS ARE WORTH A FORTUNE.
ome Connoisseurs Appraise the Remark
able Collection as High as $250,000.
Following the death of Henry G
landel, an expert engraver E;n
hemist, some months ago, his col
action of stamps of the Unite+
tates, which is regarded as one c
be most remarkable and valnable i:
be world1, has been placed on tb
Comprising -nineteen large vol
mies, in which there are about 20,
00 pieces, connoiseurs say the pri
f the collection may be estimate
,t any where from $100,000 to $250,
00. rom the first stamp priate
or th2 e United States Governmeni
fty-five years ago, down to almoi
be very last, there are many speci
ens; in many cases the first proof
ere obtained from the artists, an
be designers or engravers enhance
e value of the pieces by placin
heir autographs on the paper.
When the first issue of stami:
ras made, 1874, economy was th
uling motive, and instead of er
~raving a new portrait some the
iad already been used were ce
own to answer the purpose. Thb
act was not generally known, bt
f. and Mrs. Mandel hunted u
housands of old bank notes an
ther engravings until the originL
ource of the design was discovere
sd a specimen of the note annexe
o the album. All of these altere
roofs are unique.
The collection shows examples<
he various stages of making sou
tamps, from the -noment the Pos
aster General, concluding that
iew stamp is wante3, makes a roug
ketch of what be desires and turi
t over to an artist, who works ii
he idea from several standpointi
1'rom these sketches a working moc
1 is made, probably tbree or fot
ches square. This is given to a
graver and when his work is conr
>eted a proof is submitted to tb
lead of the engraving departmnen
rho examines it from a technici
tandpoint and probably notes o
he margin instructions to shade on
>art, darken others and lighten u
ther sections of the design.
Side-lights on History.
Now, Methuselah, during the lat
er years of his long life, snffere
~rievously fromd rheumatism, br
uitb the obstinacy that was a part (
i nature, refused to do anythini
or it He said he could stand it a
>ng as the rheumatism could.
One of the neighbors came in on
ay with a new patent medicioie.
"Grandad," he said, "here is som'
bng that will relieve you. I'v
aen a string of testimonials a yari
>ng from persons it has cured."
"'ve no faith in it," replied tb
ld man. "Besides it's too muec
"Just as I expected," retorted thb
ther, thoroughly out of patience
There's no fool like an old fool "
"I suppose that's so," said Met bt
Blab, wearily. "I've been hearini
fo tm.he last eight hundred yrears.
Invite a careful inspec
tion of their Large
and and Choice
Stock of Goods com
prising Dry Goods,
Shoes, Rugs, and
Portiens, etc , etc.
Everything first class as
we enaeavor at all
times to keep clear
of shoddy. Our line
of Dress Goods is up
to date in every par
ticilar, style, ma
B terial, colors. etc.
- Trimmings and Linings
- to suit the most fas
I tidious. In Millinery
we take special pride
. and pleasure, and
can safely g arantee
satisfaction to our
Our Shoe Stock is of the1
largest in the city
and we handle n:oth
ing which we can
not represent as be
ing of the very best
for the price put up
- To the members of the
Conference we ex
tend a special invi
tation to make all
the use of our place
Swhich they may de
* si re. We h av e
several desks with
-stationery at their
-service. Come and
RED ST AR
LiPut up in tablets
Swhich fit, into the vest
ppocket and can be
CORNER DRUG STORE,
Ne~berry, S. C.
We wish to extend
iearty greeting to Min
sters, Laymen, and
Delegates who are now
gathering in our city,
and in doing so, invite
each and every one of
them to call and ex
amine our stock of
that we are now open
ing, consisting of all
and an endless variety
Df delicacies suitable F
In our RESTAURANT we serve
'ou with luscious Norfolk Oysters in
All are cordially invited to give
as a call.
S. B. Jones,
Headquarters' for Good Things.
From now until after Xmas I
you will be looking for all kinds
of delicacies and substantials for
your table, and we wish to call
your attention to our well se
lected and full stock of such
-,2 and 5 lbs.,
Fruit Cakes" read for the
Cranberries, Celery, Saratoga
Chip:, Extracts, Spices, Raisins
All kids Green and Dried Fruits,
Canned Meat,rFish and Vegetables.
No0.2 9.Fo u ompet
you well. Yours truly,
AND HAIR TONIC,
Cures Dandruff, Stops Falling
of Hair, Cleanses the Scalp,
Promotes a Good Growtht
Price 50. Bottle.
NEWBERRY. - S.C.
P L A CE
flo buy your
tc. at Lowest
(nives and '
orks, Etc., Etc.
md Forks, Ham
licers, Kitchen -in
~uns, Shells, Shot, Powder.
aps, Wads, Etc.
irass and Iron Shovel and
'ongs, Brass and Iron
[atchets, Saws and Full
,e of General Hardware, i
to., Etc., Etc.
Paints, Oils, Etc.
'he S. W. Paint, the best
hat is sold on this market
till go further, last longer
han any other brand. Its
a.me has gone broad cast
nd all users know it is
' meet your friends at our
ore, It's conveniently located. I
e'll try to make it agreeable
>r you. We won't expect you
> buy. But while you're here
ou may see something you
rant. Will be glad to supply -