ESTABLISHED 1865 - --- - _
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THE MURDERERS OF W. K. JAY, NEAR
TROY, ABBEVILLB COUNTY.
Negroes Captured While Attempting to
Escape-They Died Accusing Each
Other of the Crime--Account of
Murder and Lynching.
Greenwood, Dec. 27.- Will K. Jay,
one of the most prominent young
farme:e of the Troy sction of this
county, was foully mura.,red in his
own yard Friday evening between
6 and 7 o'clock by either Oliver Wide
man or his wife, two negroee living
on his place. Both negroes were
made to pay the death penalty for
their deed by an infuriated crowd of
Mr. Jay's neighbors and friends.
From all accounts, many of which
differ, the following is offered as the
most nearly correct of how the kill
Mr. Jay lives in a new house about
three and one half miles from Troy.
This place has never been inclosed
and the negro cabin formerly occu
pied by the negroes is within about
25 or 80 yards of the residence. Mr.
Jay was returning to his house after
attending to some business in the
neighborhood and when close to his
house he heard the negroes making
considerable disturbance in the cabin
It seems that the man was abusing
or - fighting his wife and she was
both quarreling and resisting. It.
was to stop this disturbance that led
Mr. Jay to their home, which as
stated, is only about 30 yards from
his own house. On his arrival he
ordered the negroes to be quiet-that
if they could not be quiet they could
not stay on his place. Immediately
after this Mrs. Jay, who was in her
house heard the report of a gun.
She ran to the door and looked out
and saw the two negroes, man and
wife, running away from their cabin.
Calling to them, she asked what was
the matter, but the negroes made no
answer and kept on running. Fail
ing to get any response from them
she called loudly to her husband.
There was no response. She was
then wild with fear and began look.
ing over. the yard, and in a short
while found him dead in a pool of
his own blood. Almost his entie
head had been blown off. Death
The alarm was at once given and
the immediate neighbors ruhhed in.
The news of the horrible murder
spread rapidly. Carriages st'arted
in all directions. A telephone fur
~nished the news to Troy and nearby
towns, and the whole country for
muiles.around was soon being literally
scoured for the murderers.
A party of men coming towards
the place from a section of the com-i
munity a few miles near Mr. Jay's
home, met two negroes in the road,
a man and a woman. The party did
not know the negrues, but arrested
t.hem on suspicion and carried them
back to the place of inquest. They
were the guilty ones. When exam
ined both acknowledged th deed,
but accused each other of commit.
ting it --the man said the womfan
did it and the woman said the man
did it. They neyerschanged from
this, but died acdusing' each other of
The gun with which the murder
was committed was carried to old
Bill Wideman's house, the father of
therman, and left there while the two
starte4. .out in flight. They wvere
going towardeEdgefied ~ when caught.
Afier the inquest the t wo negroes
were turned over to the constable,
who started to jail with them At
the Winterseat bridge they were
stopped by a crowd of infnriated
friends and neighbors and lynched.
The lynching occurred about miid.
The burial of Mr. Jay will take
place at Tray tomorrow at 11 o'clock.
A number of friends and members of,
the Masonic fraternity will go down
from Greenwood to attend~ the fu
Mr. Jay was a prominent Mason.
He was worshipful master of Stone
wall lodge of Tray, A.' F. M., and
was also 'a member of Greenwood
.ohant&. No 27 II A.. Her- e
sentea bonewall lodge in the grand
lodge of South Carolina, and for two
years had held the office of grand
junior warden in that august body.
Mr. Jay was a nephew of J. S. Jay
of this city. He was a son of D. W.
Jay of Troy. He married some
years ago Miss Eva Mullinax, of
Troy. She with four little children
are left to mourn his untimely death.
Greenwood, Dec. 28.-The burial
of W. K. Jay took place at Troy to
day with Masonic ceremonies. The
funeral sermon was preached by the
Rev. H. B Blakely of the Associate
Reform Presbyterian church. Over
a thousand people were present.
Further details today of the mur
der and lynching only confirm yes.
terday's story in the main. It is
stated that the negroes had been or
dered to move by Mr. Jay and had
been grumbling about it sometime
before the killing. Mr. Jay had
made them quiet down, and about
sundown was talking to Dr. A. W
Wideman and Tom Charles, neigh.
bors, about the installation of offi
cers which was to take place in their
lodge on the following night. Dr.
Wideman says he noticed the unruly
temper of the negroes and suggested
that they stay with Mr. Jay. Mr.
Jay did not anticipate any trouble
and they left. They had not gone a
mile from the house before the mur
der was committed.
The story of the capture of the
negroes is interesting. Messrs. Seig
ler and John W. Cailes were hurry
ing to the scene of the murder when
they met a negro man and woman in
the road. They did not know who
had killed Mr. Jay, but thought it
prudent to halt the two negroes. As
they did so-the man said: "I'm not
scared of anybody." This remark
strengthened the suspicions. When
ordered to turn ,round and go back
the man refused and the woman be
gan to cry. They were forced to go
at the point of the gun. Mr. Siegler
had only one shell in his gun and
Mr. Cailes was not armed. The ne
groes did not attempt to break away
although at one time Mr. Siegler
stumbled and dropped his gun. At
first the negroes denied to their cap
tors that they knew anything of the
murder; the man said he had heard
of it. Just before they reached the
place they confessed in a way, the
woman accused the man and the man
aocused the woman.
At the inquest the woman stopped
nrying and seemed not at all alarmed.
After the inquest they were placed
in the house they had foruwerly occu
pied and a deputy was appointed to
bring them to jail. When he went
to get his prisoners the house was
A volley of guns not long after
told what had happened. The two
wet-e carried to the Winterseat bridge
over Hard Labor creek and given one
last chance to tell which had fired
the fatal shot. Both refused, still
accusing each other. Tbey were
tied to two trees standing close to
gether and literally, shot to pieces.
The spot is very near that on which
seven negroes were shot to death in
1876 for the. murder of Mr. and Mrs.
Harmon. . *.
Several years ago Tom Pgrrin, a
wh.ite farmer who lived alone, was.
knocked in, the head by, a negro for
the purpose of robbery, and although
the negro was caught he was ac
quitted at Abbeville when put on
trial. The people of the community
seemed t.o feel that the courts would
again fail to punish and they did not
choose to run the risk of allowing
the perpetrators of so horrible a mur
der to go unpunished.
JUDGB BUCIHANAN'S FUTURE.
Will Probably PractIce Law at Washing
ton--Has Niot DefinItely DecIded.
[lNews and Courior]
Columbia, December 27.---Judge
0. W. Buchanan was in Columbia to.
day on business, He is as yet unde
cided where he will practice law, but
he has his eye on Washington and
will go to that cit.y to look over the
field. He would much rather re
main in South Carolina, he says, hut
he thinks the opportunities are bet
ter at the National capital. He has
not positively decided to settie there,
Tih PRBSIDEnS' WIVBS AND AMOTHERS.
Bill Arp Gives More History on This Inter"
esting Topic and Other Themes.
Dr. Conway is right about Jaages
Madison's mother, She was NeW.
Conway and not Fanny Taylor, Fan.
ny was his - grandmtil.,. But , the,
good doctor is wrong about Thomas
Jefferson. He did not marry Miss
Martha Skelton, for she was a widow
and her maiden name was Martha
Wales, as I said. Neither did An
drew Jackson marry Miss Rachel
Robards. She was not a miss, but a
divorced wife and her maiden name
was Rachel Donelson. Jackson had
to marry her twice in different States
to comply with the law. Of course
George Washington married the
widow Custis. Everybody knows
that. It was the typo that made it
Curtis. Dr. Conway says that Mil
lard Filnore never married. He is
mistaken. His first wife was Abi
gail Powers and his second was Car.
oline McIntosh. It is singular how
many of the Presidents married wid
ows. Madison's wife, Dolly Payne,
was a widow Todd. Her maiden
name was Dorothy Coles. I reckon
we will get this matter straightened
out after a while. Mr. Thaxton of
Tennessee, writes me that the full
list of mothers and wives can be
found in the" Worid Almanac" for
Friend Thaxton is not mad, but he
is grieved that I said Johnson's par
ents wEre too poor and ignorant to
be named in the biography. That
was not my assertion, but was a bit
of sarcasm on the compiler, who
makes special mention of their pov
erty and lack of education, and re
cords that Andrew and his mother
and stepfather moved from Raleigh,
N. C., to Greenville, Tenn., in a
two wheeled cart drawn by a blind
pony, but does not give their names.
Mr. Thaxton says his wife's father
was an own cousin to Andrew John.
son,aid Andrew's mother's name was
Mary McDonough. Who did Mary
marry the second time? The bio
graphy in Appleton was written by
James Phelan, editor of The Mem
phis Avalanche, and seems to be
very fair and favorable to Johnson
and his wife and children. It says
that Johnson's father died when An
drew was only four years old and
Mr. Thaxton says his mother had
many more children. Mr. Phelan
says that Andrew.learned his alpha
bet on the tailor's benoh, and his
wife, Elisa McCardle, taught him to
My friend Thaxton says that he
did not know that poverty and ig
norance were tied together. As a
general rule they are. That second
husband must have been both shift.
less and ignorant if he couldn't pro
vide any better transportation for
his wife and stepson than a two
wheel cart and a blind pony. for a
long journey. If Mr. Thaxton was
to see such a cavalcade as that com
ing down the big road now he would
say that poverty and ignorance were
tramping along together. Bnt this
much we have learned from Mr.
Thaxton-that Andrew Johnson's
mother's maiden name was Mary Mc
Donough. All honor to him who
rose from poverty and obsourity and
all honor to his devoted wife and to
his accomplished daughter, Mrs.
Patterson, who presided so worthily
in the White House.
And Roosevelt married twie
that's right! He ought to have a
good woman at his elbow all of the
time. I reckon he must have been a
widower when he wrote those sland
ers against Jefferson Davis and the
people of the Sonth. I am still wait
inig for him to re'tract and to apolo
gizo. But now he is a candidate and
is scheming for the solid Northern
vote and the S>utniherni negroes thrown
in, he won't retract. If he is to be
elected President, I want Miles to be
coupled with him on the ticket for
vice president. 'The champion chai
ner and the champion defamer ought
to be0 aired. One to work on live
men anud the other on dead ones.
And bore is a letter from Mrs.
Lucy Harrison Gay Whitfield, of
Siddonsville. Ala., who informs me
that William Henry Harrison's moth.
or was Elizabeth Bassett. She is
Mrs. Whitfield's great great great
grandmother and was the wife of Ben
Harrison, who signed the Declaration
of Independence. His mother was
Anne Carter, an aunt of Robert Lee,
I believe that supplies all the miss
I've been enjoying some rich and
racy reading-the reply of Horace
Greely to the committee who sum
moned him to trial for signing the
bail bond of Jefferson Davis that re
leased him from prison. There were
twentyone who signed it, but Gree
by was the first and the only Re
publican abolitionist. He volunteer
ed to do it and did it willingly, go.
ing from New York to Richmond
for that purpose, and it raised a howl
all over New York and New,England.
The Northern extremists demanded
that Mr. Davis be tried and hung
for treason, or for the assassination
of Lincoln, or for something or any
thing, so he was hung. Greeley be
longed to the Union League Club of
New York, a powerful organization,
and they were'outraged and enraged
at his signing that bond and cited
pim for trial. His reply is a long
one and some parts of it are most
"You say you will give me reason
sble time for reflection. I want none
por shall I attend your meeting. It
is not my habit to take part in any
discusion that may arise among oth
?r gentlemen as to my fitness to en
joy their society. That is their af.
fair, and to them I leave it. No, I
shall not attend your meeting this
evening. I have an engagement out
of town and shall keep it I do not
recognize you as capable of judging
me. You regard me as a weak sen
timentalist. I arraign you as a set
of narrow minded block- heads, who
would like to be useful,- but don't
know how. Your attempt to base an
etlcluring party on hate and wrath is
like planting a colony on an iceberg
that had drifted into a tropical sea.
The signing of that bail bond will
do more for freedom and humanity
than you all can do though you have
to the age of Methuselah. I ask
nothing of you but that you proceed
in a frank, manly way. Don't slide
off into a -cold resolution of censure,
but make your expulsions. Make it
a square stand-up fight and record
your judgment by yeas and nays. I
dare you and I defy you, and I pro
pose to light it out on the line I have
had ever since General Lee's surren
der. I give you full notice that I
shall urge the pardon and reenfran
qhisement of all those engaged in
the rebellion and those now in exile."
Well, they did not expel him nor
censure him. They were afraid. The
pamphlet to which I have heretofore
alluded is now ready. It contains
Henry R. Jackson's great speech on
the "Wanderer " and Daniel Web
ster's speech at Caron Springs, Va.,
the last and greatest he ever made.
There is also a brief biography of
Qeneral Jackson by Joe M. Brown
and a few remarks by myself. There
is enough in this little pamphlet to
establish the faith and stimulate the
pride of every Southern man. Ac
cording to Jackson, the South was
not responsible for slavery, and ac
cording to Webster we were justified
in seceding. And so the Northern
saints were in the wrong for violating
the constitution and precipitating
that most unrighteous war, and
ought to make apolog'y and restitu -
tion to us. They owe to our people
millions and billions of dollars. They
owe to me right now $20,000 dam
ages, and if Roosevelt don't retract
and apologize, I think I will attach
his trunks and his bear guns when he
comes in reach, Hie did niot do the
stealhng, but he is an accessory aftrr
the fact, and that is is just as bad.
Now, I have no interest in the sale
of that pamphlet, hut I want every
young man and woman to have one.
The price is only 25 cents, postpaid.
Apply to my friend, Ed. Holland,
Atlanta, Ga, care of Franklin Print
But I have a book in press-a new
and handsome hook-my Inst and
best. It contains my letters rumina
tions from the uncivil war to dlate
1861-1903 Price, postpaid, $1.25.
Write to C P. Byrd, Atlanta, Ga.
THE HEROISM OF A WOMAN.
The Honor of Her Husband's Name Greater
Than All Bise.
A Confederate soldier. belonging
to the Army of Northern Virginia,
was on trial before a Military court
for desertion. His name was Ed
ward Cooper, and when he rose to
plead he answered " Not Guilty."
The judge advocate asked, "Who is
your counsel ?" He replied, "I have
no counsel." Supposing it was
Cooper's purpose to represent him.
self before the court, the judge advo
cate was instructed to proceed. Every
charge and specification against the
prisoner was sustained.
The prisoner was then told to in
troduce his witnesses. He said, "I
have none." Aktonished with the
calmness with which he seemed to be
submitting to what he regarded as
inevitable fate, the judge advocate
said to him; "Have you no defense ?
Is it possible that you abandoned
your comrades and deserted your col
ore in the presence of the enemy
without any reason ?" He answer.
ed, "There was a reason, but it will
not avail me before a military court."
The jur'ge then said: "Perhaps you
are mistaken, you are charged with
the highest crime known to military
law, and it is your duty to make
known the causes that influenced
your actions." For the first time
Cooper's manly form trembled, and
his eyes swam in tears. Approaching
the president of the court he present
ed a letter; as he did so, "There geni
eral, is what did it." General Bat.
tle opened the letter, and in a mo
his eyes illed with tears It was pass
ed from one to another of the cour.
until all had seen it, and those stern
warriors who had passed with Stone.
wall Jackson through a score of
battles, wept like children. As soon
as the president rpcovered his self.
possession he read the letter as the
defense of the prisoner. It was in
"Dear Edward-I have always
been proud of you. Since your con
nection with the Confederate army I
have been prouder of you than ever
before. I would not have you do
anytling wrong for the world, but
before God, Edward, unless you
come home we must die! Last night
I was atoused by little Eddie's cry
ing, '0, mama, I am so hungry!'
And Lucy, Edward, your darling
Lucy, never complains, but grows
thinner and-thinner every day, and
before God, Edward, unless you
come home we must die.
Turning to the prisoner, Gen. Bat
tie asked, "What did you do when
you received this letter ?" He re
plied: "I made application for a fur.
lough, and it was rejected. I made
another application and it was re
jected; a third time I made applica
tion and it was rejected, and that
night as I wandered backward and
forward in the camp thinking of my
home, the wild eyes of Lucy, looking
up to me, the burning words of Mary
sinking in my brain, I was no long.
er the Confederate soldier; I was the
father of Lucy, and the husband of
my Mars, and I would have passed
those lines if every gun of the bat
tery had been fired on me. When I
arrived home Mary ran out to meet
me, and embraced me and whispered:
'0, Edward, I am so happy; Iam so
glad you got your furlough'* She
must have felt me shudder, for she
turned as pale as dleath, and catch
ing her breath with every word she
said: 'Have you come without your
furlough ? 0, Edward, go back! Go
back! Let mno and the children go
down to the grave together, but for
heaven's sake save the honor of your
name;, and here I am, gentlemen;
niot b)rouight here by military power,
but ini obedidnce to the command of
Mary to abide the sentence of your
Evary oficer of the courtmartial
felt the force of the prisoner's words.
Before thorn stood in beautiful vision'
the pleader for a husband's anid a
father's wrong; but they had been
trained by the great leader, Rtobert
E Lee, lightning flash scorched the
ground beneath their feet, arid each
in his turn pronounced the verdict,
"Guilty." Fortunately for humanity
the p)roceedings of the court were re
viewed by the commanding general
and upon the record was written:
"The finding of the court approv
ed The prisoner is pardoned and
will report to his company.
R. E. Le, Gna l."
IN RAILROAD WRECK.
PACIFIC EXPRESS RUNS INTO FREIGHT
AT WANSTBAD, ONTARIO.
Believed to Have Been Due to Telegraph
Operator's Error-Heroic Work of
the Uninjured Passengers to
Rescue the Wounded.
London, Ont., Dec. 27.-The
most frightful railroad accident in
the i nnala of the past decade hap.
pened a short distance from the little
station of Wanstead, on the Sarnia
branch of the Grand Trunk Rail.
way, last night. The trains in col.
lision were the Pacific express and a
freight. The express was nearly
two hours late and was making fast
time. The freight was endeavoring
to make a Riding to get clear of the
express, but failed by a minute or
There was a dreadful crash, the
loeomotives reared up and fell over
in a ditch, the baggage car of the
express telescoped the smoker and
in an instant the shrieks and cries
of the wounded and the dying filled
the air. The loss of life is twenty.
eight. The injured will number
considerably more, and many of
these may die.
Many of the dead were terribly
mutilated. Heads were cut off, legs
wrenched from the bodies and the
level stretch of snow became crimu
sot with the blood of the victims.
The responsibility for the accident
has not been definitely fixed, but it
is believed to have been due to a tel
egraph operator's error.
There was not a house at hand to
which the injured could be carried.
Fortunately, however, the two Pull.
man cars on the train did not sue
tain any damage. They were warm
and comfortable and were converted
into a temporary hospital. The in
jured were placed in the berths and
everything possible to ease their suf
ferings was done. The dead and
wounded are nearly all from Onta
rio, a few being from Chicago and
places in Michigan.
The Pacific express, which was
late and endeavoring to make up
time, was made up of two Pullman
cars, two day coaches and two bag.
gage cars. The engineer opened
wide his throttle as he pulled out
of Watford at 9:58 o'clock. A bliz
zard was raging and the air was
thick with swirling %now. The train
was crowded with people returning
from holiday trips.
No. 5 was running fully fifty,
miles an hour through the blhzzard,
when at the Wanstead siding the
headlight of the freight engine
loomed up through the snow. It
was impossible to see a hundred feet
ahead becausq. of the snow, and the
trains crashed together almost be
fore the engine crews realized that a
collision was imminent. The im
pact threw the two engines clear of
the track on the right hand side.
The two day coaches of the ex
press were bet ween the heavily
loaded baggage cars and the weighty
Pullmans. With a terrific grinding
crash the rear baggage car was
driven into the front coach for three
fourths of its length and in a twink
ling a score of the occupants were
dead aind two score more were pinned
down in the wreckage and mangled
The horror of fire was mercifully
spared the suffering persons buried
in the wreck. A little flame broke
out, but the uninjured passengers
extinguished it with snow before it
could gain any headway. The occu
pants of the two Pullman cars and
the second day coach swarmed out
of their cars to the rescue. A per.
feet bedlam of noises greeted then..
The hies of escaping steam from the
wrecked engines mingled with the
piteous cries of the unfortunates
pinned clown in the ruins. The bit.
ter cold wind and snow added to
tbeir sufferings. Volunteer rescue
parties were Immediately formed and
did heroic work.
Meanwhile a brakeman had rushed
tl brough the storm to the telegraph
office and notified both London and
Sarnia officials of the accident. Re
lief trains with surgeons and wreck.
ingr cars were on their way -tn the
scene from both P' ds of the divisiotn
in the shortest possible time. W i1li
they were steaming at grcateat;pee.
the work of resene was carried .a
by the uninjured passengers. They
delved into the heap of debris and,
guided by the moans and cries,
found the sufferers, pried and chop,
pod them out and carried them to
the two Pullman cars, which were
trrnsformed into temporary hospit.
Tenderly the wounded forms we "
carried tW the bQpital cars and giv
en what attention was possible be
fore the surgeons arrived. There
was scarcely any water to be had,
and the volunteer uufees melted
quantities of snow, with which they
slaked the feverish thirst of the suf
Most ot Those Who have Been Waiting
For an Extension Have Now Paid up.
[News and Courier.)
Columbia, December 27.-Gover.
nor McSweeney announced to-da)
that taxes had been paid in about
sufficient amount to guarantee that
there would be no trouble about
meeting obligations the first of next
month. This would indicate that
those who have been waiting for an
extension have paid up though sugb
is not the case in Richland. The
county treasurer has charged up for
coll'- tion $158,000, and of that
amount only $45,000 has been paid
in. The treasurer says the only
railroad that has paid in this county
is the Coast Line. The State Treas
urer understood, however, from a
leteter from the Southern, that its
taxes had been paid in all the
counties, but the amount due here
had not arrived up to this time.
The Department of Commerce.
In the president's message there
was a recommendation in favor of
the proposed Department of Com
merce to be presided over by another
mem1"er of the cabinet. There seems
to be no sufficient amount of work in
the immediate field of commerce for
a governmental department, and the
friends of the measure are foraging
on the other departments, trying to
capture a bureau here and there
with which to furnish the empty
halls of the new department. The
Springfield Republican says of it:
"The measure which has passed
the senate andt is now before the
house reveals no natural demand for
such a department. It reflects the
necessity of creating such a depart
arbitrarily,if it is created of a respec
table size andl comsequence. It has
had to skirmish around among tue
other branches of the executive ser.
vice and seize a bureau here, a com.
mission there, and a board in some
other place. And the existing do.
partments, thus robbed, one and all
protest. The treasury department ob.
jects to the taking over of its bureau
of statistics and bureau of navaga
tion, since they have become closely
interwoven with the customs work of
the treasury. The commissioner of
patents objects to the transfer of that
office to the proposed department,
an d the secretary of state objects to
any plan of divided departmental
jurisdiction over the consular service.
And so it goes all along the line of
the raid through existing depart
ments to gat her togather a depa.rt.
mont of commerce.
"This means simply that no need
whatever is felt to exist for the new
department, in the executive service
of the government as now organized.
Shall one, then be arbitrarily created
nerely for the sake of providing a
new cabinet office to which the pres
ident may appoint his excellent pra
vate secretary, Mr. Cortelyou ?"
It has been published, whether by
authority or not, that Mr. Cortelyou
is slated for this new cabinet port
folio, but it is perhaps a litle ex
treme to charge that the department
is being establi,bed for the purpose
of fixing a place for Mr. Cortelyou.
lBut without going to this enlrem.i
we may challenge the need for the
department. It is true t, at ouroom
merce has grown to mammoth pro.
portions, but judging fron the onu.
willingness of the present depart
ments to surrender a bureau, there
is no insuperable reason why the
work of the proposed department of
commerce cannot be dlone in one of
the department.s alreay existim.
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