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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, January 02, 1903, Image 1

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ANTXBLLSHED L.865. NEWB RT, 8, C., FRIDAY, JANUARY 2. 1903 TWICRA WE
:aj 1ATIOR FOR
YTiE WEAK SCHOOLS.
B'LBA OP STATE SUPMRINTBNDENT Of
EDUCATION MeMAHAN.
'Schools to be Aided that Do Not Com
ply With Certain Regulations in
Regard to Etticiency,
(Ne*s and Opurier
jperisepdet of Educa4iou Mo
Ahan, in his forthcoming report,
. illdeal with the question of educa
,ton in all of its phaeps as far as this
State is affected, but one of the chief
points of interest in his report will
be as to the betterment of the public
schools, particularly the country
:ihools. He favors a direct appro
priation for the aid of such bohools
eder certain conditions, and as to
where the money will come from he
eays the State can raise it as easily
as it,coul4.noney for the Exposition
and some other things.
Claiming that it is admitted that
the State is not doing what it ought
to or what it can, Mr. McMahan pre.
sents some facts of general interest.
He takes certain counties and shows
the average cost per pupil as follows:
----1902
White. Negro.
Richland...........,.$1042 $1 95
Fairfield ............ 9 92 1 02
Chester. ............. 8 59 1 29
umter ....... ..... 7 88 1 45
rkeley .......... 6 88 1 25
herokee............ 4 39 1 90
besterfield.......... 843 1 44
.rry............... 285 187
ickens............. 804 '173
daluda .............. 8 41 92
Williamsburg......... 5 23 1 72
All efforts to secure a State appro.
)priation for -the public schools have
'thus far failed. The only form in
,which such a bill has possed the
lower house has been to provide
litional opunty- tax. Some o he Ii
dmsentatives of richer counties
are unwilliig that their counties
should . pay toward the support of
the schools of o-her counties. The
idea seems to .tprevpil that counties
are distinct and separate in interest
an, respqnsibtity, ,The old South
Carolina doctrihe is lost sight of,
that the State is the sovereign. A
more legitimate argument against
such an appropriation is the just fear
that it will be misspent.
Under -present conditions there are
serious obstacles to the policy of
state aid to weak schools. This
.policy has been partially entered
upon in the Act of 1899 to distribute
State dispensary profirs first to bring
up deficient schools to a minhaaum
three txonths' term, or $75 fond.
\With deficiencies of the preceding
'year as a basis dispensary money has
thieen for four years annually appor
itioned to bring up the schools to this
minimum session, yet the foregoing
statistics show that the law has tailed
to accomplish its purpose. The law
dogsp ot require Its trustees to ap
ply the money to the schools that
need it.
In my report of 1890 1 called at
tention to the need of safeguards
against the unnecessary multiplying
of schools to be thus aided..
The constitutional provision that
each county board should lay off its
county into conveilent school dis
tricts of not les~s than nine nor more
than forty nine square miles has
been carried out in very few counties.
Its spirit and purpose, though not its
letter, was that each district should
support but one school for the white
and one for the negroes, each to be
centrally located. In some counties
the districts are still townships, so
large that they must support deveral
""#ols, so ' e of which the trustees
in erested in and shamefully
w (Mitspne are entirely too
/lhers.
i. er, a three months' school
~75 teacher can hardly be
S hool. Necessarily thetrus
0 e little choice of tenebers.
Sacquiescence of the countg
a ndents they sometime4 em
hera without certificates of
1og and unable to pass tbQ
aminations. B3nt iJ);iome
there is an ample supply of
. nts:holding the county cer
tifoate. Altogether, the trustees o
short term schools are in the habit of
employing verb poor teachers for
whom it should not be the policy of
the State to furnish longer sessions.
Aid from the State should be granted
not merely upon a showing of pov
erty, but upon the guarantee of
proper location of the school and the
employment of a thoroughly capable
teacher. Better far to aid a few
schools in this way than to aid many
less effectively.
A Legislative appropriation to the
schQols should be based upon a gen
eral law with safeguards along these
lines. The teacher whose salary is
supplemented should be required to
have a certificate of qualification
from the State board of education
(issued upon examination or upon
the diploma of an approved college.)
The sohobl should be in a district
supporting but one school for a qh
race, or the school should not be less
than four miles from evory other
which the pupils might attend, and
if its enrolment be less tlin twenty
pupils its distance from every other
school open to its children should be
not less than five mile$, Qr specially
justified by swamps or other pecu
liar conditions (reported by the
county board and approved by the
State board.)The county board should
furnish p list of its schoqis ;fulfilling
the conditions in tdacher, location,
enrolment and financial inability, the
latter fact being certified a.so. by the
county treasurer on March 15, after,
the collection of taxes has been com.
pleted and the funds of the district
for the cprrent scholastic year are
ascertained--and, in the case of the
needy districts, Nahausted. The names
of the teachers and the amounts to
be paid them should be certified to
th9 3 Treasurer by - the State
S O Indent of Education on be
J.l e State board of education.
y- ;tb's pifi should be sufficient to
e q> the salaries to $35 a month
for t+L months.
At the beginning Qf, this policy not
many schools would be able to avail
themselves of the proffered assistance.
Under the strong inducement to con
form to the conditions, trustees would
be stirred from present indifference
and errors. ' There would be a read.
justment in the location of 9bopje
which would greatly strengthen oth
ers. In the end a comparatively
small number would need the Legis
lative bounty. The country school
problemk;ould be largely solved.
Of cojrse, these results co.ld be
much better realized .with bettey
county management of schools. State
aidto eakschQo a wdpl4e
many reasons unwise without strong
management and expert .supervision
in each county.
"HAR1|ilIlG" 0F CHII.DI\BN.
And Somne of.the Ill Resgits thiat are Apt
to Follow.
[New York Medical Record.]
Hooker is outspQken in his objec
tions to the methods pursued in the*
so-called "hardening" of children by
the means of.cold douches or baths.
As a rule, children thus treated are
more susceptible to. nasal catarrhs,
throat affections, bronchitis and pul
monary inflammations than those who
have not been subjected to the "hard.
ening" process. Furthermore such
measures frequently give rise to pro
nounced anaemia and various disord
ers of the nervous system. Children
so "hardened" are especially prone
to acute and chronic intestinal disor.
ders.
While in healthy children a prop.
erly conducted "hardening" proces
is often of advatg,e, t must be re
membered th&t the~re are no hard and
fast rules and that every case must
be treated according to the individu
al Indications. The fundamental
principles of a proper "hardening"~
system,are s follqws: ,(1) Gradual
acclimation to the air of the room;
(2) gradual acclimation to outdoor
air; (3) gradual apclimation to cold
water; (4) suitablo clothing-varie4d
according to the weather and time of
year. Gireat care should be observ
ad in acclimating the child to 'cold
water, and the affects of the same
should be carefully watched, the en
deavors being at once suspended on
the first appearance of any unfavora
ble symptoms.
On no aocou'n should any of the
"hardigi~ pg gstireMe comynenc
ed until tke nursing period is pass
ed arnd in all iases the proces~s should
he one of mrada Anvalno.....&
YOTE OF THE NEGROES.
IT IS NBCBSSA.Y TO RBPIPLIQANS IN!
SBV$t4 STAg!$.
Shaking their Allegiance-Possibilitics
of the "Lily White" Movement.
[Washington Post.]
At the North, ap. well as at the
South, the black people still cling to
the Republican party with singular
tenacity. They vote the Republican
ticket for local, State and national
candidates, always almost unani
mously. This is practically undis
puted.
The recent concerted effort of the
Democrats to shake the negro faitO
in Republican i4fallibility catuses a
good deal of specplation as to what
effect the total elimination of the
negro vote would have upon election
results, especially in the Republican
strongholds of the North. Upon in
sufficient or nisleacling infqrmation
severa. writers have recently declared
that but for the negro vote the Re.
publicans would always be in a
rminority in Congress and would have
lobt the Presidency at every electipn
since 1872.
THE NEGRO vOTE.
Iu the following table are inoluded
all the Republican Sttltes at the
North having any considerable no
gro population, and also certain bor
der States now held by the Republi
cans, or which are considered some
times doubtful, in which there is a
heavy negro vote. Indian Territory
and Oklahoma ate set down because
there is some probability that they
will be adnitted as States before the
close of this Congress. The total
negro population of each State, by
the cepsus of 1900, is stated, and all
colored males 21 years of age and
over, or voters, as shown by the same
census. None but persons of negro
descent are included:
Negro Negro
Population. Vote.
1900. 1900.
Massachusetts-31,974 10,456
Rhode Island.........9,092 2,765
Connecticut..........1,226 4,676
New York .. .....99,232 81,425
New Jersey .......69,844 21,474
Pennsylvania ........16,845 51,668
DQlaware...........30,697 8,374
Maryland ..... . 235,064 60,406
Ohio............96,901 31,235
Indiana............... 57,05 18,186
Illinois ..........8,078. 29,762
Michigan .............16,816 6,193
Iowa.. .............. 12,693 4,441
Missouri.............161,234 4,418
Kansas............... 52,003 14,695
Nebraska ............6,269 2,298
Oklahoma............18,831 4,82
Indian Territory... 38,863
Colorado............... 8 0
California............11,00 8,711
Kentu ........ 7
Vrgini.31,974 14,4866
NO DFE 9,092 2,765~QY
*Whteve1change 4,576avere
stiled roma 9tt,leliinaion ,f425i
nego ot pio t69, it 1,474it
obviou that 6,s8el min 1,688tg
havehad o 3efectupo thereul74
the ast wo 2Pes5dntia el0,40ns
Nor s i lie9yit9o0l hav ,235ny
percptibe efectupo the 8,18i6a
complxionf 8theHou8 or 29at,76
thouh tereis 5,posiblit,tht93
might avelst6th 4,441ous t
the161,p34 46,418
It i qute5ceartha if 4,695ac
aWdst woudia....r..rearot
inateanr moane might haeen
poltica frmatl iaion isno atie
byerite prty. t18erei isupt.
pove hd to effoe upn eresul~nthof
bhelas and Presienal assumtion.
Noigit lierely Wdhite apoint
menetib efeatuo the Sothibicae
complexionage byoue Democnatic
leader have lostthaet Hoshato
th allegiane olea tha Northe blacks
ofthn tort vinct white shupreacyn
t the Deot ,telog.nitr
ruted pprnta Republican.doiaonn
suevrlses inolaaonce earan,
Wedst Virgini b andm veytprcyae
ben awhoany dmorentuchpngh
platcal voe.ctOn ihe ntarythoate
pay cither avey dBute the inegup
voted etoibe inm Manretts,on tew
blark, aNew aesera, ansylmptian
Ohmo,ngdepican Ileadrs, Iowat and
Mcigtave an o"ill carie everyOnt
ofem at the lsth two beintae
eulection.Aed in telal Deortic
ta woldndicae white suprem ac
AT COST
$10000- WORTH OF N
STO BE CLOSED OUT
Bran New SItocli Schloss Bros
-W this season, a
we have decided to make a chang
* A GENUINE COST SAL
It is not a ruse to get rid
shelf from season to seas
No odor of moth balls or c
clothing which is to go in tl
remarkable, because ever,
date in quality and style--I
in any market of this coun
We Mean What We Say !
And $10,000 worth of the very best
Clothing is to be closed out at Cost,
and if anybody can find an old gar
rment in the lot, we will forfeit the
value of the whole stock.
Suits for Men, Youths, Boys !
A fine selection! Latest styles! Best
fabrics! Such an opportunity has
never before been placed before the
purchasing public. l
A Genuine Cost Sale
Of Clothing is such a rare event that 1 4
we must persist in the statement &
that here goes a Real Cost sale, and j
all who want any of the splendid &
Suits will find it out to their great &j
regret if they.delay long in coming jj
to see how it is.--44%
Come and See Us! --w
T HE EWAr
Sellers of $10,000 stock of New C
selling at Cost $10,000 Stock c
WP S.-Turn it and look at it any way yo
the negroes gone over to Mr. Bryan IIN Bo0RDER s( TATEs
in a body. The foregoing exhibit, therefore,
Following reconstruction, in many presents in concise andI clear form
of the close contests up to the time the important part the negroes of the
the wave of McKinleyism struck the North and border States play in iRe
country, it is true that the loss of the publican politics. T1heir loyalty to
negro vote would have lost the Re- that party has been one of the most
publicans the election many times in extraordinary features of the coun
Connecticut, Newv York, New Jersey, 'try's history since the civil wvar. it
ohi.,, Indiana and Illinois and, with is only recently that the Denmocratic
them, Congress and the Presidency.' leaders have perceived their vo'.:ng
In those days Delaware, Mary- value in the debatable country.
land, West Virginia and Kentucky Such Republican States as Maine,
were reliable components of the New Hampshire, Vermont, Wisconsin,
solid South, and Connecticut, New Minnesota, the D)akot,as anid Honjo of
York, New Jersey and Indiana wore the mountain anid coast State's are
alwaya doubtful, evo. with the negro Iexcluded from conIsidleration, because~
vote solhd for the Rlepublican candi- their negro vote is too infinitesimal
date.. toi have mnnh effnt on talant ins.
AT GIST
1W CLTHIN-$OD:
.0.900.
AT ACTUAL COST! -
.' celebrated goods I All bought
md now to be closed out because
,e in our business on January 1st.
E OF NEW CLOTHING!
of clothing carried on the
on, for five or eight years.
reases of dust of years on
his most remarkable sale
~ garment is new, up-to
:he best that can be had
try. -
, Now, We Are Not Selling
Shoes, Hats and Gents' Furnishings
at cost, but We do sell the celebrated
Florsheim and Stetson Shoes for men
and a fine line of Shoes for women
at prices which will meet all compe"
tition .
Our Line of Hats
And Gents' Furnishings comprise
the Best Qualities and Latest Styles
to be found in Newberry or else
~ where. M
SWe Are Strictly Up-To
Date and We are Selling Goods at
very Low Prices.
-Como and So. UY.!
F-PIFER CO.,
lothing at Cost and persisting in
~f New Clothing.
u may, it is a Genuine Cost Sale.
Thlere have been1 conites within teabv tbuton Th rai of
fifteen years in Michigan and Ohio,nervorstpouaini lth
however, so close that even~ theirfaNohrntaeisoyab ton
small negro) contingent might have t he,weesi lebre n
changed1 the result by going over toSohen taeitson fuad
the opposition.soeiefie Thsho tate
The secession from the Riepubli- ere ontmoeterfmle
cans of the black vote in New York Nrht n ra x.t h
wonld have disastrously dlefeated yugmng ot ose bi
Roosevelt for governor in 1898 andfoueorttaesvieithfm.
also Odell at the late election. Butlisoth rc.
a complete reversal of the black vote -_______
in Pennsylvania this year ,from HLDYFOYU. OUW L
Pe'nnypacker to Pat tison wouild notyo lersoedyta t ay
have savedc the Democratic candidate o la n rs t l okI
for governor. Of t he old free St.ates, o aIfo utmr Iltl o o
Peonnsylvania has the greatest negroWere otpaig or ordlas
voting pop)ulat ion. o l ; w r l y n o t 0 f t r t c
Cohe andv tabeati The rtio ofl.

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