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ESTABLISHED 1865. NEWBERRY. S. .. FRiDA Y, JANUAR,Y , 1903.
TWIC AA Wn , 19UcvmA
A TEXAS LETTER.
JUDQB J. M. CROSSON WRITES AN INTlER
He Writet u f the Newberry People of the
Olden Times-Reminiscences of
the Long Ago.
Dear Doctor: I'm like a whiteo
haired shadow roaming, as in A dream,
in the white winter of my age--wife
sadI, as usual, side by side waiting
for the dawning of the morning
"Na'e Ither care in life ha'e I"
"But live and love my Helen 0."
As 1l,gaze on the pictures of New
berry people of the olden time, in
the Annals, and of Silas Johnstone
a'nd his sister Mrs. Mary Randal, Dr.
Welch and daughter, Y. J. Pope and
others, I think of the grand old folks
that once constituted the splendid
S society of Newberry County. Of
Newberry of the olden time we can
well:eay, as Nelson Page did of Vir
ginia, "It was a most plentiful,
wholesome and fruitful land; her
people were proud, self contained,
brave, generous and tender"; they
were of sterling abilities and noble
n ? virtues. Who can clothe their many
virtues, in language of fitting honor?
Y.J. Harrington, Chancellors John
stone and Caldwell, Drayton Nance
and many others were especially
kind to me when a little orphan boy.
A few nights ago I had a vivid dream
of that fine, intellkotual and learned
, man, Chancellor Caldwell.
This is a world of surprises. When
going to my regiment in the summer
of 1861, I stopped over on Sunday
with my kinsfolk, the Hendersons,
_ grandchildren of Sam J. Red, went
to church, and lo! when the preacher
rose it was Rev. R. S. Seeley, the
first Episcopal preacher in Newberry,
and who preached in the court house.
I was glad to meet him.
There is only one Newberrian in
this county, Sam B. Kennerly. Much
of my time is spent in his office,
talking over Newberry. He is a
genial, intelligent man, is county at
torney, and makes a good, successful
one; is sti'l an expansionist; has not
yet a larg, "bay window" in front
(nominated by the "Oi pollor" a pro
tuberant paunch), but is moving in
that direction; his wife is an amiable
intelligent lady; my wife says theii
little girl is pretty as any one she
Our new Governor, S. W. T. Lan
ham is a native of Spartanburg;in the
civil war was in 3d S. C. Reg't with
Y. J. Pope, Dr. S. G. West and
many other Newberrians.
Capt. Franklin N. Gary, (now
dead) was born in Newberry. His
ancestors came to America before
the Revolutiouary war, settled in
Buckinghamn County, Va., and about
1760 settled in Ne-. berry ; was cap
tain in the Confederate army, and
a district attorney thereafter. He
left a son, Hampson Gary, of Tyler,
Texas, who wan a captain in the late
skirmish with Spain, in 4t.h Texas
volunteers, is a member of the login
lature, and one of the rising young
men in Texas.
Since my last I have heard of the
death of two of my kinsmen, 0. F.
Boyd and H. S. N. Crosson, and of
my college classmate, 0ot. Wmn. Wal
lace. Out of that class of forty only
five remain, Dr. J. H. Carlisle, Capt.
L. Williams, of Greenville, Dr. A.
Fuller, of Laurens, and Hon. W. F.
B. Haynesworth, of Sumter, and my
"How brief and fugitive is mortal life,
"Between the budding and falling leaf."
We are admonished in the words
of Bishop Hall: "There is not one
of us that can assure himself of his
continuance here one day. We are
& tenants at will, and for aught we
know may ase turned out of these
clay cottages at an hour's warning.
2Oh, then, what should we do but as
wise farmers who know the time of
their lease is expiring and cannot be
S renewed, carefully and .seasonably
Sprovide ourselves of a surer and
more during term."
'Reading Horace a few days ago I
"O fons Blanduslae, splendidlor vitseo,
Dulce, dlgne'mero, non sine floribus."
''"0 babbling spring than glass more
Worthy of. wreath and cup sincere."
As in a beautiful dream I was at
the Blandusian spring, south of town,
beyond the south fork of Scott's
creek. Here in the olden time the
lads and lasses often picnioed. Such
a combination of beauty, grace and
goodness. The girls were beautiful,
with starry eyes; some eyes tender,
loving azure, others of the color that
bewitches in certain celtic eyes; oth
ers with dark, flashing brilliant eyes;
shapes with an elastic grace and feat
urea cast in ~rarest mould of sym
metry. Where, now, are those young
ladies, then fresh as roses in the gay
dewey morning !
The young men were brave, chival
rous, worthy their noble sires. Where
are they ? All the survivors have
passed the summit of the mountain,
and are fast hurrying into the shadow
of the valley; many are eleeping in
distant, fields of war-under the
green grass and the shadow of the
cloud and the silent stars, the gentle
dews like pitying tears, falling on
their lonely graves, and flowers
blooming above them. Ah! yes,
thinking of them, the thoughts that
start into being are "like perfumes
from the blossoms of the heart."
In the light of the moon, in De
cember and January, at the crow
roost, between (I think) Geo. Sond
ley's and Bausketts, there were meet
ings of a different kind, and a cer
tain lying character, who was always
poking in his nose where he had no
business was there, to wit: John
Barleycorn, who claimed to be the
"life of public haunts," and the soul
of plays and pranks." Is there no
way to kill the infernal old villain?
Hope the dispensary, at least, closes
up some of the gates of hell, (to wit:
doggeries). Forty or fifty armed
men appeared and crows innumera
ble; they came from every quarter in
a solid stream from an hour before
sunset until after dark. As the
moon looked down upon us with her
silver eye, we spread out over the
old pine field and soon the fusilade
began, men firing, crows cawing,
finally they rose high above, and the
cawing of multitadions crows sound
ed like a stiff breeze soughing
through the pines; huudreds were
killed, but their numbers never
seemed less. Do they ever crow
Mark Morgan, a solitary old bach
elor after having long resisted the
smiles of the fair ladies, fell beneath
the bewitching charms of Miss Ma
tilda Perkins, whereupon the genial
and versatile Adam Summer perpe.
trated this parody:
"The world was sad; the garden was a
And Mark, the hermet, sighed 'till
In 1832 t here was wild excitement
about nullification; the air wvas
charged with electric feeling. Men,
boys and even the ,adies wore blue
rosettes with a Palmetto button,
"Animis opibusrue parati" was on
every tongue; a motto to which
South Carolina has always been t:ue.
In rear of Dr. S. Fair's office men
drilled in the sword exercise. On
the field at the old academy were
men riding at full tilt leaping their
horses over fences erected on the
grounds Poles had been erected
with cotton balls the size of a man's
bead, and as they charged around
they slashed with their swords at the
balls as if they were Yankee heads.
The furor was raging, every one de
niouncing Andrew Jackson, and quot.
iuig Calhonn, "That each State was
judge of the legality and1 constitu
tionality of an Act of Congress."
Trhis has not yet been disproved.
What a storm of denunciation has
poured on South Carolina for this.
But th nullification of the Northern
and Eastern States by virtue of their
"higher law" has been treated aq a
small affair. Cannon in congress
lately in substance endorsed this
"higher law." But I must not write
of politics, for I am an old fashioned
In 1886 we saw a fine represen
tative company assemble in the
old field b)etween Robert Stew
art's and F. B. Higgins', organ
ized for the 'Saninole war; that grand
miin, Gen J. J. Caldwell was supor
intending their departure. Whiere
are they now? A lso- In Mexianwa
Newberry furnished a splendid com
pany. In it were many of my school
mates who passed away during that
war. It was always easy to stir up
a war feeling in South Carolina.
Much of this was due to the militia
spatem. - At the close of the regi
mental and battalion drills the rule
was to make military speeches; in
these for a long time they twisted
the lion's tail. After the "higher
law" politicians pressed on the South
the speakers twisted their tails.
Again the question of secession or
cooperation aroused the people. I
shall never forget the magnificent
and able addresses of Chancellor
Johnstone and Judge Butler at Sil
ver Street; they turned the tide. I
am satisfied they caused me to oppose
the policy (not the right) of seces.
sion in 1860. When South Carolina
seceded I knew it, was war. My old
friends and State were dear to my
heart and I calculated to return and
cast in my lot with them if Texas
did not secede. But enough of this.
Some seventy five years ago, in
the late 20s and early 30s, there lived
and went to school in Newberry a
little slender, wiery kid, full of devil.
mont, but not vicious. "He always
was a mischief, but there warnt noth
ing bad erbout that child, just ceptin
when he'd git some devilment in hes
haid." This kid went to Miss Clark,
with whom that excellent man, J. B.
Carwile, had some experiences. The
kid liked her not and marched to the
academy. Mr. Pressly turned him
back, and he deserted and played tru
ant for a week. His father learned
it and as the kid stepped out of the
gate on Monday he heard a bee
singing in the air behind him; he
yelled and jumped, his father after
him; he passed that amiable and in
telligent lady, Mrs. Abigail Caldwell
without speaking to her, and just be
fore he quit Newberry she said to
him laughingly that he was always
a polite boy, but on that occasion
forgot his manners. Was at school
in the red house opposite the Meth
odist church; got into a fight, with
rocks, with John Johnstone and his
brother Burr; they smote him, and
now he has a scar an inch or more
long in his left eyebrow; the wound
was sewed up by Dr. S. Fair. John
made a solid man and eminent phy
sician in Alabama. Burr, a splen
did little follow, died noon after.
Mrs. Theresa . Gilliam, an accom
plished lady, the wife of that good
man, Wm. Gilliam, pedagogued him
two days; the second day she kor4
him in, and as she went out at one
door he went out at another and has
not since returned He was too
tough a case for ladies and never
went to another. That learned mnathe
matician, James Divver, tried his
hand on him. On one occasion the
kid had on tight pants and a round
about coat. Mr. D. saw him turned
around lo'oking out of the window;
there was the sound of a hornet in
the air, and when it lit on the kid's
seat of honor he jumped into the
middle of the floor and gave a Co
manche yell. Here Priestley Pratt,
Jake Worthington and the kid spent
a great part of the week in lighting,
and on Saturday, in playing together.
Where now is that trio ? That kind and
learned and good man, Henry Sum
mer taught in the old academy; he
was near sighted; of this Silas John
stone, his brother Albert and the kid
took advhmtage, slipped out and hied
to Jno. Young's pond at the school
spring, and like ducks, into the water
they went. Chancellor Johnstone
happened to spy them. In his slid
ing walk, holding his cane by the
top, he advanced upon the trio; they
hustled to enrobe themselves, he
called a halt in this proceeding, and
Silas and Albert in "puris naturali
bus" received a gent le thrashing; the
kid was fleeing, when the Chancellor
said to him, I'll get you and .thrash
you yet. The kid knew this would
please his mother. He saw the
Chancellor approaching and reported
to Mr. S., and when the Chancellor
arrived Mr. S. was switching the kid,
but Mr. S. never hurt any one. Al
bert was a lovely, intelligent, brigbt
lad, be'l9od b)y all his schoolmates,
but long since dead. Silas, too, has
gone; he madle'a good and learned
man; he had a magnitineut npmw.. of
infinitely joyous and inexhaustless
humor. 'Tie said the kid still lives,
full of fun and mischief. John Jald
well and Henry Fernandis had a
scrap. Mr. S. saw it and proposed
administering. to them, the big boys;
they looked at each other; one said,
if you take a whipping I will. They
laughed, took the whipping and
To James Spence went the kid, in
a log house in Bob Maffett'E; field
and met trouble. Spelling in the
old blue book he missed a word, it
went round the class and caime to
him again, he refused to spell, where.
upon the birch played furiously over
his shoulders; he has never spelled
the word yet. Always in mischief,
a beautiful dark-eyed girl, with long
splendid black hair, the mother of a
distinguished judge, broke a rule
over his head. When school was
out he encountered Drayt. Maffett
who was too heavy for him. The
kid studied Omsar for a time under a i
excellent and tallented man, Nicho.
las Summer, who was killed in the
Seminole war. In his death New.
berry lost one of the most promising
men the coanty ever produced. To
Tommy Johns, the gentle and kind,
went he, at Ebenezer. Tommy
"Despising fame and fortune, retired
"To happiness and obscurity."
"There in his noisy room, skilled to rule,
"Tommy Johns taught his little school.
"'Twas certain he could write and cy
"Pike's and Smiley's arithmetic he
Last the kid went to Rev. Gallo
way, that pious and learned man,
near Hunt's cross roads,. There he
diversified his stndies with fighting
Silas Johnstone et. al. In one week
he encountered Calvin, John and
Alfred Higgins and came out about
even. Where, now, is that trio?
Calvin was a good scholar, John
brilliant and Alfred solid. Fortune
favore,, him so much that he was
never urraled by the tyrant Me
Govern, who was the terror of John
Carwile and others. He never more
went to school in Newberry.
Nearly all the persons mentioned
herein have crossed over the river.
May we all heed the Lord's warning,
"Therefore, be ye also ready; for in
such an hour . ye think not, the
Son of Man cometh." "Be wise,
therefore 'tis madness to defer."
"Farewell, farewell, is a lonely sound,
And always brings a sigh,
But the heart feels most when tha lips
And the eye speaks a gentle good bye.
J. M Orosson.
DBATH F1R0M SMALLPOX.
Two Years Ago the Disease Became Wide'.
spread Throughout Virginia and Has
Nfever Been Bradicated.
Richmond, Va., Jan. 6.--Miss
Robbie Yearger, the pretty pupil
nurse who died at the city hospital
in this city on Saturday, was the
sixth person to die within the past
few days of a viralent form of small.
pox which is traced direct to volun
teers returning from Cuba.
Another nurse, Mir.s Carr, at the
city hospital, has the disease, and
her condition is considered critical.
About two years ago, when a great
many of the volunteers returned from
Cuba, a disease became widespread
throughout the state, arnd has never
been wholly eradicated.
Local physicians ini many instances
called it Cuban itch, tut in every
case where a physician of the state
board of health made a diagnosis lie
pronounced it smallpox.
People were cautioned that the
disease was liable at aniy time to
take on a virulent form, and this
prob)ably has been fulfilled
Recently a man namned Stonie was
takeni in at the'city hospital suffer.
ing with another d1isease1 He dievel
oped smallpox. He died, and there
have been five other dbathis.
The sadd(est of these was that of
Miss Yeager, young and pretty pupil
nurse at the imatit utioa. She nursed
Stone, contracted the dlisease, died
and was buried in the potter's field.
None of her people, who live in
Culpepper county, knew that she
was sick until the announcement of
her death was made to them on Sun
In other parts of the state the dis
ease has been es deadly, the deaths
being nearly 100 per cnt.
IT IS CRUM AND ADAMS.
THEIR APPOINTMENTS SENT TO THE
Senator Tillman Expected to Make a Vig
orousTight Against the Confirma
tion of the Nomination of the Col
ored Physician-Much Feeling
tn the City. of Char
(News and Courier Oth)
Still hoping against hope, the bus.
iness people of Charleston were dim.
heartened yesterday when telegrams
received by The News and Courier
from Washington announced that
President Roosevelt would send Dr
Crum's nomination as collector of the
port to the United States Senate.
The Statement that. J. Duncan Adams
had been nominated as United States
marshal failed to create even passing
interest. The public was not conuern
ed in the scramble for that office, but
had been waiting patiently to see if
some plan could not be devised by
which the appointment of the negro
physician to one of the most import
ant Federal offices in Charleston
could be defeated. Te citizens look
ed upon this course as inevitable and
realizad that they seemed helpless to
There is no doubt here as to the
attitude of Senator Tillman in this
fight. He has been gathering infor
mat ion about Crum and his political
record, and the friends of the senior
Senator from South Carolina declare
that he will oppose confirmation by
the Senate on personal grounds. He
will tell of the great and valiant light
made by the pe ople of this State to
rid it of negro rule and will urge his
fellow members to prevent what he
considers an indignity to the people.
J;.st what effect this will have is, of
course, problematical. The plea will
be put up that Savannah, Charleston's
neighboring port, has a negro collec
tor and his administration has not mil
itated against the prosperity or com
mercial advancement of that town.
However, it will be left to the Senate
to uphold the action of President
Roosevelt or rally around the opposi
tion flag of Senator Tillman. This
leaves a complicated situation, which
makes it impossible for the ordinary
person to tell what will come of it
One fact seems certain, however, and
that is the Crum appointment will
not be confirmed if Senator Tillnan
has the power to stop it.
T' announcement from Washing
ton yesterday was not a surprise. In
The News and Courier yesterday
morning it was stated that the nonm
ination of Adams arnd Crum would
go to the Senate dluring the (lay, and
this programme was carried out with
out a change. The P'resident had de
clared his determinat ion to give Crum
the office and he listened to the corn
plaint from prominent citiz~ens, but
of no avail. When charges of politi.
cal treachery against Groim were pre
ferred it was stated by the President
that the negro would no longer be
considered. Subseg nently Crumn went
to Washington anid made such a state
ment that he was able evidently to
clear himself of this allegat ion. Then
it was that the President gave ont an
official statement, in wvhich lie said he
would make (rum the next collector
of customs at C harlest on.
(rum's friends were natn,ral ly elat
ed1 yesterday. Every negro was de
lighted. They believed that the
black and yellow race had1( b(een shown
great distiniotion b)y t.he Chief Execui
tive of the United States, and manny
of thIem, ignorant as they aire, wvent
so far as to declare that it was the
opening wedge which would bring
other and more important oflices to
the sons of H am. This is the most
regretable feature of t he whole affair.
The appomlt menit will Ihave a bad1( of
feet ; it cannot possibly have any
T he fight against (Jrum has been
made ont his color. Be it said( to his
credi , however, that he is niot of thant
viCionsH element which has ailways
benen a menace to this part of the
country. Hie is edneated, is a phy'si
cian of some si and(ing and against
his private recor d nio charge has been
made. It was because of this that
President Roosevelt decidednt ive
him the office. Dr Crum, no doubt,
has the ability to conduct the affaits
of the office. He is better qualified,
perhaps' than many of the hangers.
on who have striven unceasingly for
any old appointment within the gift
of the Ailministrat ion. The Presi
(lent wanted the people of Charlea
ton to give some specific reason why
Crum should not be appointed. He
was informed that such an appoint.
ment would not be made in the North
or the East or the West. He was
told that Crum had no training dr
special qualification for the office.
He was told that such a course would
be resented here, even if the citizens
were unable to defeat it. He was
told that Urnm represented nothing;
that he was not representative of the
taxpaying people, and that his ap
pointmon t would go far to reopen
the breach between the races, long
ago healed to an extent. He was in
formed that there were sonic white
men in the lepublhcan organization
in this State who could render oflici
ont service to the Government. Yet
all of this amounted to nothing.
The people of Charleston will wait
anxiously to see if the Senate will
confirm the action of the President.
There is a fear that it will. The cit.
izens have not asked or expetod the
nomination of a Democrat. It was not
fair to desire that. They simply
wanted the oflico to be put in the
hands of some white lt.publican, and
It is not likely that the nomina
tion of Adams as marshal will be op
posed in the Senate. Some of the
disgruntled Republicans might at
tempt it, but they will hardly ao
complish anything. Mr. Adams is
chief field deputy under Collector of
Internal Revenue Jenkins. He serv
ed as dopn y marshal under Melton
AUDITOR SQUIRE OF RICHLAND KILLED.
Found Dead Beside Railroad Track With
Neck Broken and Face Cut.
Columbia, Jan. 3. -County Audi.
tor Wim. H. Squire was found dead
by the side of the Southern railway
track in the Richland village to
night. The body was discovere ' by
some young men. Mr. Squire was
last seen going in that direction
about 8 o'clock, and was dead when
found besido the railroad. Mr.
Squire has been county auditor for
quite at number of years. Ho has
been nonina&tedl abn ,".ost : continuouisly
as auditor. Gov. Jo'hn Gary Evan.
refused to appomnt him after his I *
ing nominated, but after that term
he has beon constantly renominated,
and was so chosen at the recent pri
mary. Mr. Squire was a gallant
Confederate soldier and as a result
of his service wore an artificial log.
He was quite promrinent in the Con
federate camp, and for many years
served as treasurer of Myrtle Lodge,
Knights of Pythias WVhen the body
was found there was a deep gash in
the top of his head, andl bia neck was
IV . Squire took supper at the
Columbia Inn abiout 8 o'clock and
theni walked out. The dead body
was found at the intersection of
Lower and Indigo streets. It is not
known what Mr. Squire was doing
there, where the new spur runs
around andl enters the union station.
II is thought Mr Squire was struck
in thle head by T1rain 17, which is
dne here from Charleston at 10
Mr. Squire may have been killed
by the train or may have fallen by
the side of the track, as he was d1es
parately ill about t wo weeks ago.
Dr. Knowlton and Dr. Francis D.
Kondal were called, and made an
examination of the body. T1hey
found that the neck had been broken.
Th'le bod3 was discovered shortly
after Train 17 passed anid it is sup
posePd that the train struck and killed
him Mr. Squire was highly es
teemed by every one in Columbia.
~Jumped From Windows.
Chicago, Ill , Jan. (6 -Fire starte(
early this morning in the Somerset;
hotel. Four people were killed by
jumping from windows and otheri
- v s a e . .. . A. u.a--.-A
VBIRY FINE SHOWING MADB BY SUPBR
The Financial Report is Especially Good
Considering Adverse Circumstances
[Columbla Record, 6th.]
Captain Griffith, superintendent of
the penitentiary. has completed and
filed his report, which makes a most
excellent showing financially and
otherwise. Considering the failure
of the crops the previous year and
the fact that a great part of the sup
plies had to t e bonght, and further
considering that the price of all such
articles was nearly double what they
had been, the financial showing is
The financial part of the report
shows that there was on ba..d De
c.mber 31, 1901, $1,787.02, and that
there had been received since then
$72,282.19, making a total cash sum
available for the year, $84,069.21.
After paying all necessary expenses
and making permanent improve.
monts amounting to $4,300, there
remains a balance of $17,112.14. To
this must be added what is in sight
and soon to be available, making a
total balance of $28,402 01. The
crops wore good this year and after
having enough to run the institution
for a year there will be for salo 6,00()
bushels of corn, 500 tons of hay and
3,000 bushels of peas.
During the year there were US 1
prisoners, but the number has been
reduced to 701. There were 30 par
don( and 415 d(eaths. Tbis seems a
large number, and it is, but it was
caused from the fact that a great
many diseased and physically worth
less prisoners were sent to the peni
tentiary rather than the chaingang.
The supervisors of courties have the
right to make i pick of the convicte
and they invariably select, the healthy
one( and duimp the diseased ones on
the penitentiary. The cause of death
was consumiptiou and pneumonia in
a great majority of cases, and Capt.
Griffith recommends that there be a
separate building for the treatment
of such prisoners. There are 33
prisoners in the reformatory, being
boys under sixteen years old. There
were 11 escapes during the ye ar,
though only two of them were di
rectly from the pnitentirry, the
others being from chaingangs.
During the year seven convicts
were furnished almost daily, with a
guaird, for work about the State
house. Thl~i rt y were also furnished
Winthrop college and from nrither of
the gangs was anty revenue derived.
GEN. it. S. ANDREWS, C. S. A.
A Gallant Coinfederate Officer IHas Crossed
Over the River.
Baltimore, Md., J1anuary 0.-Goln.
Richard Sniowdeni Andrews, a Con fed
erate oflicer, wvho won fame for him
self and his company as the com
mander of "Andrews battery," died
at his home in this city today. Death
wasl caused by pairalysis.
(Gen. Andrews was born soverity
t,wo years ago ini Watshintgtoni, D. C.
At. the out break of the civil war he
formed the "'Marylainid fly inrg artilI
1ery."~ On t he advance to GJettys
b)urg lie waes seriouely woundioed, m-i
capacaitin g imi from field service,
ando be was selected by Genu. 1,oe
and ordered to Eu rope, in c,omtpany
with Col. Thomas S. Rhet t, to ex
amine anid purchase art illery for thle
use of the Con fed eracy.
Twins Not Borin In Same Year.
A (difference of abtl)I three homi s
in the birth of sisters has led to the
strange situation of twins having
birthdays on different days anid
different years. Mr. and Mrs. .John
st'it, 180 Sheffield avenue, are the
parents of twins, and every one0 in
the neighborhood is commenting on
the curious circumstance. One of
the twins was born at 10:30 p. im.
oro the last day of December, 1902,
i and about a hour anid a half after
b midnight the second child was born.
P Her birthiday is therefore Jarn. I,
s 1903.-Chicurgo Dispatch to New