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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, January 13, 1903, Image 1

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ESTABLISHED 18 65. _NEWBERRY, S. C. TUEDY JAUr 08
_~~~~~ TW C A_W. .__.._ ULS 1a va ' anUII 1 ,
PRESIIENT'S BLUNDER.
NEW YORK HERALD POINTS OUT HIS
MISTAKE AS TO CRUM.
The Herald Taken the Ground that Crum's
Appointnent Is Distasteful to a
Majority of the People of
the United States.
[Special to News and Courier.]
Wiaphington, January 8.-South
era senators and representatives weie
surprised to find a double-leaded
editorial in the New York Herald to
day, in which President Roosevelt
was severely arraigned for appoint
ing Dr. Urum collector at Charles
ton. While commending and appre.
ciating the logical understanding of
the Southern situation, the Southern
men were astonished to see. the
Herald, which daily flies the follow
ing flag- at the masthead of its edi
torial columns: "The people's anti
trust candidates for 1904: For Presi
dent of the United States, Theodore
Roosevelt., of New York. For Vice
President, George Dewey, of Ver
mont," boldly and ably attacking the
President's Southern policy.
The Herald's leader will be read I
with interest everywhere.
If President Roosevelt wished to
alienate Southern sympathies he has ,
succeeded.
Regretful surprisa is a mild term
for the feeling aroused ia the United E
States by President Roosevelt.'s nomi- I
nation of a colored man to the post i
of collector of the port of Charleston. I
Even the sincerest admirers of the
President cannot help regarding that I
appointment as an ill considered act,
which will do more harm than good
to the very people whom it is intended
to benefit, namely, the negroes.
The Herald does not hesitate to
give expression to this belief, and
has consistently supported Mr. Roose
velt in his previous administrative
policy, and has upon more than one
occasion recorded its genuine respect
for him, both as a man and as Chief
Magistrate of the United States. It
is not exaggerating to en) that the
President's public career hitherto
has fully met the expectations of his
friends, who are legion, while his a
prudence, great common sense and
political sagacity have bitterly dis
appointed his adversaries. His im
partial attitude toward the trusts has
been endorsed by the entire nation. t
His judicious intervention in the coal t
strike sl:ould earn permanent place
for his name in the industrial history
of the United States, and his mas
terly handling of the Veneezuela
imbroglio has shown him to be a
statesman of a rare stamp. All this
is freely admitted.
What, then, can have promptedi
him~ to make an appointment that is l
distaateful to the major portion of
the American people and thus de
stroy, at one blow the reputation he
has been so successfuilly L: uilding up'?
What possible motive can have in
duced him to alienate the respect,
esteem, sympathy and confidence in
his ability of the entire white people
of the South?
The Herald wishes it to be dis
tinctly understood that Dr. Urum's I
personality is not called in question
in the very least, P may eveun be I
admitted that under ideal conditions<
there would be no objection made to
the appointment of a negro to any
official position in the service of the i
United States, but, perhaps unifortu
nately, practical considerationas regu
late government policy in America.
and elsewhere, anid what miay be de I
airable theoretically is rarely coin
patible wvith what is pricially pos
ble. In making a inominario ihatlo
is objoetionable to a miajority of the
people affected b;y it t he Pr"sidentIr
simply proves that he is unaware of.I
the eleimentatry principle of govern
. ment. No one will question his legal
constitutional right to appoint to
public oflice any nmii whom he thinks
fitted to occuipy it, but has lie a
moral right to exercise his power of
appointment in a manner that is
contrary to the wishes of the ma
j ority ? The answer to this question
is most decidedly, no. Majority
rules in the United Stat es. Congress
is elected by the majority. Laws are
passed in the Legislature by the
measure that is abhorrent to the
majority of American citizens is a.
mischievous measure.
It is not unreasonable to argue
that the President's proper course
with regard to making appointments
is indirectly indicated by the Consti
tution of the United States. Each
State is virtually an independent
part of ti body politic, possessed
of the right to make its own laws, to
conduct its individual affairs as it
thinks best suited to prevailing con
ditions and to take such measures
for the protection of its special in.
berests as may be consistent with a
due consideration for the interests of
the other States. The power of in.
bervention vested i'n the Federal
government is clearly laid down, and
is permissible only under certain
itipulated circumstance, and within
zertain carefully defined limits. It
s consequently a debatable point
whether the Chief Magistrate is not
,acitly bound to consult the local
entiment before deciding upon a
articular administrative step.
How the President oannot shut his
5yes to the fact that the white popu
ation of the Southern States has
trongly developed very tenacious
)rejudices with the regard to the
iegro question. There is no neces
ity to discuss the justice of those
)rejudices. Their existence and
trength cannot be denied. When,
herefore, the President takes an
nitiative which is protested against
y a majority of the population he
iot only commits a grave political
)lunder, but also exceeds his moral
iuthority. The possible comm
tuences of such a step as the nomi
iation which has aroused a storm of
ndignation in the South cannot be
onsidered without apprehension.
t would take very little of this kind
f administration to light the lamps
f a race war, in which the principal
ufferers could only be the negroes.
Public sentiment, in fact, is strong
ir than idealistic theorizing, and is
isnally embittered and made more
obstinate by opposition. The great
olonizing Powers of the world.
uome, England, Holland, have all
hown that they are aware of this
ruth by conciliating the people un
for their rule with a respect for their
ustoms, creeds and even prejudioes
['he attitude of Southerners toward
he colored race, whether it be due
o custom, creed or prejudice, is a
'ery uncompromising one, and the
ituation is one that calls for great
ircumspection in its treatment.
Every friend of President Roose
relt, therefore, must deplore his ill
Ldvised attempt to row against such
tremendous current of public opin
ou, i. e., to set his personal views,
e they ever so respectable, against
hose of the vast majority of his
'llow countrymen.
PAINFUL TO REBCORD.
t Gallant Confederate SoldIer DIes in
Laurens Poorhouse.
[special to The State.]
Laurens, Jan. 8--Mr. Hiliary
d1osely, aged 65, died last night at
he county home. He was a native
>f this county and at the outbreak of
he Civil War he promptly volunteer.
id enlisting with the Soath Carolina
luards, Company A, Third S. C.
egiment. He served gallantly to
he close of hostilities. He was well
ionneeted in this and Greenville
ounties. His health failing a few
rears ago bie became a ward of this
ninty. The remains were initered
ure I his afernoon.
Reflections or a Bachielor.
TIhe man who wants but little here
wlo uv suffers no shlook of disappoint
T'he more a wotnan suffers for a
ntan the linr sacried to her it makes
ir love for him.
bThe rankest coward would tight a
burglar if he tried to steal the bed
thsont a cold night.
TIhere is something mighty wrong
wit.h a six-foo)t man who can't be
wisted roundl a mui.e of a woman'sa
little finger.
Teman who talks about the p)osi
tion lie has "accepted" is the one
who sat on the front doorstep for six
months begging for it
CLEVELAND THE TALK
Of Democrats in Some Sections of the
Country.
Washington, Jan. 6.-Democrata
from the West and South are appa.
rently alarmed over what appears tc
them to be an organized movement
which has for its purpose the pre.
sentation of Grover Cleveland as a
candidate for the next Democratic
nomination for the Presidency.
There have been indications of a
movement in that direction for some
time. Every utterance of the ex
President has been given the widest
publicity, and discussed at length by
the Democrats who have been seek.
ing for some time to secure a reor
ganization of the party along old
lines. The last form of this effort
to press Mr. Oleveland's availability
upon the Democrats has been in a
series of articles and interviews
showing the magnificent physical
condition of Mr. Cleveland. The
public has been assured with much
detail that the former President is
losing flesh, that his "eye is as bright
and his step as firm as in 1887."
There is an intimation that he is tak
ing a keener interest in public af
fairs.
While the active reorganizers of
the party would probably welcome
Mr. Cleveland as a candidate in 1904,
the Democrats of the West and
South are not prepared to make such
a radical departure from the Democ
racy of Bryanism. Recent inter
views with Congressman Clark and
Cochran of Missouri, Cooper of Texas,
Jackson of Kansas and other Demo
crats from thb former Bryan strong
holds now indicate that they are
ready to take an Eastern Democrat
for their candidate, but will not be
satisfied with a candidate who did
not support the Democratic tickets
in 1890 and 1900, whether he be.
lieved in free silver or not.
Presidential Possibilities.
[Birmingham News.]
No longer does it appear that de
feat for the Democrats is inevitable
in the next campaign. There is a
chance for their success, and the
prospects brighten as the struggle
approaches. With hope of victory
has come search for suitable material
for leadership.
These names have been suggested:
Gorman, Olney and Parker. The
last named is now being boomed with
a periistency which inspires the sus
picion that it is systematic. Judge
Alton B. Parker is a very worthy New
York jnrist and Democrat. For sev
eral campaigns he might have had
the Democratic nomination for Gov
ernor of New York but declined the
honor, for what reason is not certain,
although it may be surmised that he
was unwilling to be made victim of
certain defeat. There is not a blem
ish upon the reputation of Judge
Parker, and his ability as a judge
and lawyer has ample attestation.
In national politics, however, he is
practically unknown, and the wisdom
of nominating him will be seriously
questioned.
Arthur Puie Gormani will have a
following in the convention unless
all signs fail. Hie has strong and
powerful advocates, and, being a
past master of the art of politics,
will make the best showing possible
with his support. Gorman is too
much a manipulator, however to
make- an ideal candidate, andI the
probabilities against his selection are
very great
T1twire has been' an unmistaksble
ide towardi Rihardl OJney in the
pas fe~w months, growing in volume
asi it progre'sses. Olney is unques
tio)naly one of the b)iggest men in
America. H-e dlemionstrated his ea
parity andi. backbue~ while Attorney
Gienera,l and1( Secratary of Stats re
spet-tively in the ClHvelanid cabinet.
Hie is an Amierican to the finger tips,
His rep)ly to England on the Vene
zni.laIn affair ranks with the greatest
Sn a' a papers of the inat ion. It may
bo urged aigai nst him that he hails
prom a Republ ican State, but Olney
is probably stronger in New York
hamniany other canididate would be,
and New York hold-s the key to the
situation.
The Democrats must carry New
York to win. The history of the
party demonstrates that, and the ro
suite of the last election, when the
West returned to its Republican love,
confirmed it.
It was a maxim of the late la.
mented Thomas B. Reed that he
who prophesied concerning political
events to happen within one hundred
years was a fool with emphasis.
The uncertainty of politics add some
weight to the maxim, but one is tak.
ing, little risk in predicting that
Richard Olney will be a potential
factor in the next Natijnal Demo.
cratic Convention.
Nobody Knows But Mother.
How many buttons are missing today?
Nobody knows but mother.
How many playthings are strewn in
her way?
Nobody knows but mother.
How many thimbles and spools has she
missed?
How many burns on each fat little fist?
How many bumps to be cuddled and
kissed?
Nobody knows but mother.
How many hats has she hunted today?
Nodody knows but mother.
Carelessly hiding themselves in the
hay
Nobody knows but mother.
How many hardships wilfully strayed?
How many ribbons for each little maid,
How, for her care, can a mother be
paid?
Nobody knows but mother.
How many muddy shoes all in a row?
Nobody knows but mother.
How many stockings to darn, do you
know?
Nobody knows but mother.
How many little torn aprons to mend?
How many hours of toil must she
spend?
What is the time when her day's work
will end?
Nobody knows but mother.
How many lunches for Tommy and
Sam?
Nobody knows but mother.
Cookies and apples and blackberry jam.
Nobody knows but mother.
Nourishing dainties for every "sweet
tooth"
Toddling Dotties or dignified Ruth,
How much love sweetens the labor,
forsooth?
Nobody knows but mother.
How many cares does a mother-heart
know?
Nobody knows but mother.
How many joys from her mother-love
flow?
Nobody knows but mother.
How many prayers by each little white
bed?
How many tears for her babes has she
shed?
How many kisses for each little head?
Nobody knows but mother.
--New York Mail and Express.
To Rafftle Himself Off.
Secaucus, N. J., December 31.
Failing to secure a wife through mat
rimonial agents, advertisements or in
the usual way, John W. Miller, a
well to-do farmer, has hit upon the
original plan of putting himself up
at a raffle among the women of this
district at 25 cents a chance, the win
ner to take him, his savings and farm
of 27 acres, on the Snake Hill road.
Up to date Miller has sold 711
tickets and says he could sell as many
more. Five colored women bought
tickets, and Miller is in despair lesi
one of them should prove the lucky
contender and carry off both him and
his worldly goods. The raffle is to
be decided to-morrow night at Mil
ler's home. Afterward there is to be
a real old-fashioned New Year's feast.
Miller is not venturing into the
matrimonial heaven without ex peri
enee. He has been "hitched before''
as he expressed it. In 1899) his wife
died and he lately decided to makie
another venture. Ho tried ini the
usual way, but failed, perhaps be.
cause he has a red board anmd hair.
He has tender blue1 eyes, but the coml.
bination did not convince any of the
fair danes of the county of his serious
ness, notwithstanding his farm and
other monetary attractions.
Miller is 57 years o1l, stands 5 foet,
5 inches, anid is sid to be' well- to do.
His strange idea of railing himself
is not the result, he says, of a whim,
but because he wishes to find( a wife
He (declaros ho will abido b)y the coin
ditions he made, b)ut admits thant he
is "mighty nervous" for tear one of
the live niegresses will draw the win
ning chance.
GREENWOOD TO HAVE A COLLEGE.
Nine.tenths of the Trustees, President
Lander and Seventy-five of the One
Hundred and Five Boarding Stu
dents Favor the Removal of
the Williamston Female
College.
[Special to News and C,urier.]
Greenwood, January 7.--The Wil.
liameton Female College is be moved
to Greenwood. This decision was
reached yesterday. Nine tenths of
the trustees of that institution de.
oided to move it here A vote of the
students of the College resulted in
over 75 per cent agreeing to come to
Greenwood. There are at present
one hundred and five boarders in the
College.
The Williamston Female College
is said to possess the most extensive
and valuable equipment of any fe
male college in the State, Winthrop
alone possibly excepted The col.
lege has about $5,000 worth of appa
ratus. All of this, the furniture, pi
anos, etc., will be moved here. The
building will be furnished by Green
wood Dr. Lander, the well knowu
president of the College, will sub
scribe liberally to the fund. He will
have charge of the Fchool. He will
also keep the building in repair and
run the College. If he should leave
the College the property will be ten.
dered to the Methodist Conference
and that great body will not allow
so splendid a gift to pass. The (Jol1
legd is a certainty.
WILILIAMSToN COLo,EQIi.
Anderson, January 8. .- In
formation received here today is to y
the effect that it is by no means set. I
tied that the Williamston Female
College is to be moved to Greenwood.
Efforts will be made to have the Col
lege retained at Williamston.
DRINKING WATFR ON THE CARS.
The Board of Health Would Find the Rail
way Water Cooler the Source
of Infection.
[From American Medicine.]
The drinking water furnished by
the railways-who knows anything
about it? What are the regulations
of the different companies as to its
purity and the cleansing of the tanks
and coolers in railway waiting rooms,
ears, steamboats, etc? In the pres
ence of the great fatality of typhoid
fever and the recent increase of the
disease all over the country the fore
going questions seem very apropos.
Certainly the transportation compa.
nies no not generally furnish their
patrons with boiled, filtered or spring
water, and just as certainly the water
furnished by most of our cities, s.
pecially by Chicago and Philadel
phia, is contaminated and dangerous.
One constaLitly notices the engineer
and fireman drinking from the tank
of the tender, and the men who han
dIe the freight trains, the station
agents all along t he road-is there
any attem pt, is thet e any company
that makes any Rerious and thorough
going effort to supply these em
ployees with pure water? Whose
business is it to see that the railways
(10 their duty in this respect ? Can
anty of our renders tell us what laws
have been passed or what regulations
of city and State governments, and of
t)oards of health, exist concerning
this important subject? Have we
not here a source of frequent infee
tion which has too much escaped the
attention of nanit arianas?
An Innocont Woman Seven Years in the
Fenitentlary.
[Columbia lLecordl ]
There is a white woman in ti,>
penitentiary whlo has been there sev
en years, and1 all the facts go to show
that she is inniocenit, and( that from
her religions sernples about taking an
oath she was convicted. Hear name
is Plunma Hall, and with a man named
Ferrel she was conivictedl ini Marlboro
county of killing WVaaton Hall, her
husdland. There is no dloubt abont
the guilt of the man, for he has con
fessed and exonerated the women
from all participation in the murder
or even any knowledge of it. When
trial was had a letter was produced
from the woman to the man in whieb
she warned him "not to do what he
intended." This was taken by the
prosecution as evidence of her know
ledge of the crime. Her attorney,
Mr. Clayton of Florence, got all her
correspondence with Ferrell and he
claims that it would absolutely have
proven her innocence, but to his sur.
prise, and everbody else's she abso
lutely refused to take the stand say.
mng she was a member of a s"ct
known as "Holiness and Sanctified"
people, and that they had told her
that she should answer her accusers
either aye nor nay, the Lord would
sako care of her and bring her out of
ier trouble. It didn't turn out that
Ray, for a plain, ordinary practical
ury convicted her and she was sen
enced. All of these facts have been
irought out in a petition for her par
ion presented to the governor. He
iae not yet acted on the case-, hav
ng it under consideration. This is
tot the first time it petition has boen
>resented in her behalf, but. the facts
iavo just been made known.
A TRAIN FOR MILLIONAIRES
s to Run Between Chicago and Florida
Resorts.
Chicago, Nov. 21.- Chicago is to
tave a millionaire's train between
,his city, Jacksonville and other
:lorida resorts, which will be as line
n equipment and as fast in time as
he famous train running over the At.
antic Coast Line from New York to
?lorida points The new t rain will
e placed in service by the Eastern
Ilinois soon after the first of the
rear, and will make the trip from
lre to Jacksonville in thirty houts,
nsteadt of thirty one as heretofore.
All equipment to be used is to be
tow and is now in course of construe
ion by the Pullman company. The
oat of the necessary equipment will
>e between $700,000 and $1,000,000.
This elegant new train from the
West will be operated via Evallhville,
vashville, Atlanta, Albany and the
tlantic Coast Line to Jacksonville,
hence to St. Augustine, Fla.
It will be seen that the At lantie
Joast Line will maintain its reputa
ion for perfect paseeenger service
From the West, as well as from the
I ast.
Tillman has a Right.
Here is Senator Tillman, cou
Went on nomination of Crum to be
sollector at Charleston, wh)ich was.
ent to the Senate ont Monday:
"'So far as this special case is con
eerned, I can not see that Crum is
given this place for any other reason
than thp.t he is a negro, and if the
qualitleations requisite to federal ap.
pointments are hereafter to he that
the prospective appointees shall be
black, white men of the South will
be compelled to object. The Presi.
dent seems to standl on a certain line
of policy which indicatoq the pol it i
cal considerations paramount just
now. There seems to hoe a race on
for delegates to the next national
IRepublican convention. I (10 not
bhink thi t. in any Sta'e public offices
ought to be parcel led out along any
settled basis of distribution. Through
out the State of South Carolina the
majority of white men have protested
against this nomination of Crum.
There are not 500 white men in the
whole State who will endorse this
selection. We think the President
could have selected some reputable
white Republican for the place with
out subjecting us to this mortifica
tion. lie could have e'ven gonte to
the extent of app)ointing a carpet
bagger. We now have a carpet bag.
ger postmater at Charleston. Per.
sonally I am opposed to hoth negro
aund carpet bagger appoinitees, but of
the two evils I select the latter.I
argue that the President should not
discriminate in the States in select
ing negroes for federal office. Why,
for instance, should the President
not appoint a negro postmaster at
Cumberlainid, Md., Harrisburg, Pa.,
or some other townt in the North. Let
all States share alike. (Give us nc
partiahity. It is all brutal politics in
this matter. Negro dlelegates to the
national R~epublican convention are
involved "
REPUBLICANS SQUIRM
UNDER THE COAL FIRE.
RESOLUTIONS TO REMOVE THE DUTY
DISCUSSED.
Senator Tillman Takes a Hand-Majority
Attempts to Muddy the Water and
Avoid Question Till Pass
ing of Blizzard.
Washington, Jan. 8 -Today the
senate again discusoed the Vest reso
lution requesting the finance com
mittee to prepare and report a bill
removing the duty on anthracite coal
and Mr. Aldrich replied to some of
the criticism of Mr. Vest, made last
Tuesday. Mr. Aldrich insisted that
the resolution would not accomplish
the result sought and also that it in.
fringed the constitutional rights of
the house in respect to revenue bil1l.
Mr. Aldrich said that a Democratic
senate voted to put a duty of 40 cents
on coal in 1894 and that they fa
vorod free coal except on the day
when they could have voted free coal
into the tarriff bill. Mr. Aldrich said
the high price of c..al in the cotintry
now was not due to the present tar
iff.
Mr. Vest replying, said it was an
open secret how the rate of 40 ents
a ton was put on coal in the Wilson
bill. There were five Democratic
senators opposed to the bil.l who
were in a position to dictate what
sh, uld be placed in the hilI, and that
their votes were needed to passed the
measure. President, Cleveland, he
satid, had urged free coal on congress.
"We wero hold up," said Mr. Vest,
to use plain vernacular," and told if
we dared to put free coal in the bill
it would be defeated. A compromise
therefore was odected on the basis of
40 centH a ton.
"What. does it matter how anybody
voted in 1894 ? he inquired. "Is that
an answer to the poor, freezing
people who now demanl"i immediate
relief ?"
He referred to his former state
mert that the rates in the Dingley
bill were made so high as to render
possible the negotiation of reciprocity
agreements and said it was based on
information he believed to be true.
Mr. Hale defended Mr. Dingley,
saying the statenient attribhutod to
him is radically opposed to all his
utterances and involved the charge
of insincerity.
Mr. Tilliman of South Carolina in
terruipted( to remark t,hat he did not
consider that. there had been a reflec
tion on Mr. D)ingley. The p)olicy of
his party, lie said, had been ox
emplifiedl in thre reciprocity treaty
niegotiatedl and pending, that nothing
but the selfish gre'ed of the people
whose p)rotectioni is redluced prevents
he ratification of the pend(ing
treaties.
"'None of uso," said MVr. Hale, re
ferrinig to the alleged interviewv with
Mr. D)inrgley, "would want our si.
cerity imiprgrned b)y somebody live
years after our (leath."
Mr. Tillman replying to Mr. Hasle
saidl there wvas rno accusaitiori against
Mr. Dingley 's character or sincerity.
Thei senators who symonpathized with
the senator from Missouri were riot
hard uip for argumrenits on thne trs
qu estion.
"T1hiso is certinmly put forward now
as the one argument," retorted Mr.
Hasle.
Mr. TIillmnan said that congress
onl y had been assoembled Ii broe weeks
and ''we have hardly got torn over our
Christmas druniks yet."
The Vest rsoolution went (boer to
comoe up on next legisolat ive day.
HAS SLBPT 100 DAYS.
Dora Meeks Went Iiitot a Trauce After a
Quarrel.
Centralia, IlI. J an 8. .The one huan
dIredth day of D)ora Meek's slhep
passed1 quietly today, the patient
knowing nothing of the event.
December 28 she became suddenly
ill. On Sunday she awoke slightly
and passed1 into a tranco.
Today she oat up, seeing no ling
hearing nothing.
Dora Meeks went to sleep while ox
citedI over a quarrel with her sweet
heart

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