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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, January 13, 1903, EXTRA: GOVERNOR'S ANNUAL MESSAGE, Image 5

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AL A
ESTABLISHED 1865 NEWBERRY S C ANIIAIRY i3 $03
6 :~~~~~~~W C AF WEEKY .C,'J \ ,, .
,815 ER
By Gov. McSweeney to the General
Assembly.
AT SESSION BEGINNING JAN, 13th.
Chief Executive tilvas Some Sound
Advice to the Law-Makers of the
Palmetto State.
The following is in substance the
annual message of Ion. Miles B. Me
Sweeney. Governor of South Carolina,
read in, both houser of the General
Assembly:
fentlemen of the General Assembly:
You come fresh from the people to
legislate for the welfare of South
Carolina. There are many grave
pro'bens demanding solution. It is a
time pregnant with opportunities and
possibilities. There is demand for
the exercise of wise counsel and pru
dent. judgment. The office of legis
lator I one of great possibility. You
haave the power to lay the burden of
taxation upon the poop!e an at the
aan}a time the power to spend the
money gathered from the people. You
also have the power to make the laws
by which they are to be governed.
C'hey have tsit.eil you with this groat
power and expect you t, usw it with
wisdom and with prudence. lookhg
only to the best interests of all the
people. Whatover proimotes theitr
happiness and welfare should be your
jonstant concernb If all men would
refrain from interfering with the
rights of others or of niolesting them,
government would not be ne:essarl: .
But, -unfortunately, we have not reach
ed that high standard of morals.
Government, however, should attempt
to do no more than to protect persons
and property and enforce contracts
voluntarily made. It is true, as a
rule, that the least governed are the
best govc'; ned.
in sending- to you this, my last an
nual message, it, is gratifying to note
the good feeling which prevails
among the people throughout the
State, and the absence of factional bit
terness which at one timo divided our
people. Du'in'g my administration I
have ende'avored to ignore factional
divisions and to be the Governor of
all the people-to insure to each com
munity as far as possible the right of
local self-government. In making to
cal appointments I have sought in
each case the advice and reconienda
tion of the representatives of the
c:ounty, believing that they were bet.
ter acquainted with local affairs and
the wishes of their people than I
could possibly be. If by this counrsr
I have in any measure contributed to
the unification of sentiment among
our people and the wiping out of fac
tional lines, I am gratifled. It the
<lay of rapid industrial levelopnte,t
and progress there is not time for
factional hickerings. Our chief pur
iose should he the material progress
and development of our State, along
with the moral and intelletial uplift
n.r hg of our people.,
The State has enjoyed an era of m,
ter!al prosperity which is unprece
dented. Now (nterprises are being
projected, and the buitldin, of efilolto
mills 'goes constantly on. Business of'
every character has ben viexcep),oo)l
ally prosperous the past year. Peace
"4" and good order prevailhroughout
the State, and at the same time piro
gress has been madle along educ(ationI
.al lines. 1'NACS
The income to tihe State for the
year' endinag Decembher 31 w vas nlot suf
Sfileent to meet its obligiations. The
Governor and the State TIreasurer
~ ere forced to borrow the full amioau.
' of the $,300,000 authorized lby the last
egilatre.This was made uneces
vr by the fact that the last A piro
)4riation Act carried with it more thman
'the( revenue 'romn the levy for' State
puriaposes won. realize, It Is 1not
goOd binesfl5s judgmaenat for the Sta'Ir
*to borrow money to meet eurirenat ex
N enYs<s8. Knowing tile total assessedl
piroplert y of the State, the levy shoul
b e suflieienlt to raise enlough money
tomet the appropriations. Or it' it
-desired to fix the levy thei Appro
priation 1Bill shouild he kept withain
the amount such levy will r'eaal,e.
You should so regulat.e thte t w(o thatl
the State will not lie comipelled to hor)
row money for current expenses and
be forced to pay interest charges
TAXATION.
The Constit.ution or 18%5 says: "'All
oitX48 upon pr'operity, real iad plersonl
al, all 11 be laid upona the actuali valuie
oif the Property taxed, a1s the samie
may be amceratained by an assessinealt
mlade 'or' tile puirpios of haying suichi
tax.'' Anld in anotiher sectlion it
says: "All proper'ty subjiect to tax
atiom shall lie taxed in praoortion to
Its vah."lQ' An'd whiy niot at its "nec
tual value?'' You wvill note the lana
nge~ of the ( Cnst itutioni. It saly.
"iuhall he,' " ot "'may lbe.'' It is man
amtory. and yet wi iare goling along
viohlating this provision every year- by
tr'ying to fix some perdenlt age of "ne.c
taual value" and this piercentage is diif
ferent in eery'~ 'ounaty. TIhe State
Biorard of Equllizatlonm, at a meietor;g
held the piat salumnm'r, found such(1 in
('quality in tile als~(sssments thaitt they
dlecidled to memorial ize the I a'gish1C
tutro to fix sixty per' cenIt. of the a1'
thai Value as; tile prioper basis of vaO lu
ation for the purpocse of taxation. Why
sixty per' cenat? sixt y iper enIt? Why
niot f'ollow the pilainla ngage of the
Comu-tit ution? It was found that ill
Home (counIties4 eighty lper Vent, of thet
ac(tal *val:e wasl th-:e hah;, wile in1
of the actual value, and in some cases,
even low'or. To adopt a percentage of
actual value 'lid be a plain viola
tion of the isions of the Consti
tution. It makes little difference to
the taxpayer what the basis of vuit
ation is so that all property is asesb
ed in the same ratio of value,' for at
certain amount of money has to be
raised to meet the expenses of the
governnent, and if the valuation is
high the rate is low, and vice versa.
The inequality which now exists, how
ever, malkes the burden hear unevenly
and the best plan is to require that
the mandate of the Constitution be
followed. If one county is assessed
at SO per cent. and another at. 50 per
cent. of actual value, one is paying
too much or the other is paying too
little of its proportion of the State
tax. 1'he tax for county pttrposes
makes little difference. This ia a
queetiot, which has puzzled legisla
tors since government has been organ
ized and taxes paid, and the man who
can devise a plan which will make the
burden of taxattion .bear evenly on all
property will receive the well done of
the people of the State.
1Equal and just taxation, levied on
all property proportionately and in ac
cordance with its value, Is the Iro
duct of the highest justice, and when
done to meet simply the demands of
governmcnt, t rnomically administer
ed, is never burdensome. On the
other hand, unequal or unjust taxation
is always burdensome. If all proper
ty were returned honestly and fully ai
its just valuation the probler, would
he solved. but ao long as human na.
ture is frail and the impression pre
vails that it is not expected to return:
property at its value, we may not ex
pect this result.
'lie plan recommended in my last
message, I belfeve, will aid in get
ting all property on the tax books and
contribute largely to an equitable vial
flat ion, and I repeat it here.
Under the present system thse rc
tuins are mlade to the County And
tor. There is a Township Board of
Assessors, which mets at the court
house after the. Auditor has taken the
returns, and undertakes to go over
all of them in one or two days. Then
there is a County. Board of Equali
zation, which also meets at the court
house and goes over the returns for
the entire county in one or two days.
All of this is done in somewhat. of a
perfunctory manner and accomplishes
little or nothing in securing an equit.
able assessment of property. Thete
are counties in the State in which
some of the land is assessed at one
third or one-half its actual value,
while other land is assessed at its real
value. In fact, there may be two ad
joining plantations, the one worth
twice as much as the other, and yet
under our system each is assessed fcr
taxation at the saute price per atcre.
ROAD IMPROVEMENT.
It would be a waste of words to
attempt to argue before any assemn
hInge of South Carohnians the inipor
tattce of good roads and the necessity
for road improvmenut. Neither
weuld it be profitable to attempt to
argue before you the advantages of
good roads, for all aro agreed upon
that subject. The question which
concer-ns us is how best to secur\s
them; to devise some plan by whicn
we can, at least, begin the buildlig
uf good' roads. It is a business prop
usitioii, and should be taken hold of
iin a buintess way.
Witht the extension of the rural de
livery of mtai, the necessity is upon01
its for ro:ad impr1ov'ement,. for already
the diepatmentiiut at Washington is dis
etussinig the impracticability of extendi
lng, or even of carr.ying on this ser'
vice of mail dlivory untless there is
road( improvement. It has beent stated
that thte Postmaster fieneral is to he
asked to consider a pilani for the bet.
termttent of our lilicl roads, and the
r-eques0t is based ott the fact that only
one serious obstacle stands in the~
way of extending anid de&veloping Our
frece ruriial delivery service, and that
is the ('on-lttion of public Ihighways.
EDU)ICATION.
TIhte streCngth and( sttability oIf any
comnmnity are lar'gely in propor-tlon
to the intelligence of that commaunity.
Thle intelligence of the community is
always in pr'oortion to the ('duen'tion
otf the masses. Thte poweir ando
stu Itgth of a State are' not in Its
muaterial aLdvanice and development,
however' valuable thtese may be, bult
it anl diducated cit.izenipi1-.an educa('
lien which trains its ('ltizenushtip intel
lectually, physically atti nd orally. If,
011r State is to) keelp pace with the
othei' States of thte UnJtiont our people
mut he edenated--not. a few here'
andr ther'', bu11t ther mu,0Ittst be a gen
eral educnat ion of thte masses. The
weal th prodci lng power' of a Couniitry
is ini proporat ion to thIe edutcation of
its (-It izns. and as we increase thIt
([licientcy of every citizen by ed uen
tionl, s0 we incre'aise the wealth pro
dulcng l)'poe ' thle State. "'If we
shoul(1d doiible thle wagesa of every itmani
in the St atIr. we shoul1 d not. thby
inucreaseo its wealthi a dol lar, bui i i
w/e could double thle dileieney of 0-,.
cry nman in the State aindo thten double
the wages we shiotiuhltiuadruple the
w'a llth of thle St at'." Said( Mir. Ruis
kin: "'A piece of laud wIhichi will onily
supportit tent idlle, ignorantt, andit improv
le-t ltersonts will HiuppIort thirty ori
iorty intelligent. andl iduistriouis
onea."~' Th'e v'alute of a coutntry die
11onds tathe upt T Ioni thte v irtute and int
tllig~entce of' the pteople whto itnhaubit
it t han11i 1 upo the'i- riihnes of t he soil.
A\ll wvealI lt has its baasi:; in inat.eli
W\e shionhl petrm iftna (-hild to gqrowv
tin If) tee. ih.,' l:400 jala' ,ii I.-. c,'
mlents of a good education. "In the
South 85 per cent. of the criminals are
(leficieut in education, while 60 per
cent. are totally illiterate." Statistics
show that 22 per cent. of all the inhab
itants In the South over ten years of
age are illiterate, while in New York
it is only 3 1-2 per cent.
In my last annual message 1 en
deavored to ahow the importance of a
compilsory education law. Thirty
three States and Territories, Including
the District of Columbia, now have
comImlsory education laws. The high
est per cent., of illiteracy among the
native white population over ten years
in those States having compulsory at
tendance laws is Wyoming with 7.3
per cent.. and the law has been in
force only a few years. In Connecti
cut the per cent. is 1 and in Massa
chus:etts and Nevada only .8. Ii
States not having compulsory attend
ance the lowest rate of illiteracy of
native whites over ten years is in Tex
as with 8.3 per cent. In South C'cro
lin. the per cent. of illiteracy of na
tive whites over ten years of age is
18.) per cent., and In Nort.k Carolina
it is 23 per cent. In the face of these
facts I do not see how any one can
oppose compuilsory attendance at
,ehool. It is not necessary to worry
about the negro. He is getting all the
education which is provided now and
could get. no more under compulsory
attendance.
THE1: COMMON SCHOOLS.
There is a marked increase in the
interest in public education, and there
are many encouraging evidences of
improvement. Yet the bare facts of
the condition of the average school im
some counti-es are shocking. Refer
encce to the statistics in the report of
the State Superintendent of Educa
tion discloses that there are nunmer
ous schools with less than a three
months' terl, and( still m11ore with
teachers so hadly paid that they can
not be Gupposed 1i. n.1ny degrre conlpe
tent. If the Legisiat.ie will dis.
charge its responsibility to the cause
of education in its entirety in the
State, there must be State aid to the
public schools. An appropriation to
be apportioned according to the mon
ey raised in the cotinties is nothing
more than a county tax-an increase
of the constitutional three mill tax.
Efforts heretofore made 'to pas:, such
a law have muc't with the respcnlse
from rome delegations: "We have
money enough already." The Charles
tonians can point to their school
terms and their teachers' salaries as
evidence that they need little or no
money. The truth is, that a legisla
tive appropriation should be mnade
along the lines prescribed by the Con
stitution to bring up the deficient
schools to a minimum standard. The
dispensary money has been appor
tioned under a law fixing three
months or $75 salary as the minintun
standard, but the educational senti
ment of the State has passed the
point where it can be longer satisfied
with this ninimumn. It would be ht
tle enough for tha Legislature to con
tribute to the ef;lciency of the public
schools a sum equal to the amount It
appropriates to the State colhlges. A
much smaller sum, as etitlatced by
the State Superintendent in his an
nual report. would be more than ade
quate to insure a six months' term
with a $210 teacher to every school
in the State that could make itself
deserving of this aid by conforming
to the proper policy in Its localtion
and the qualiflcation of its teac"her.
SOUTH CAROLINA COLIGI.
This honored institution colntinues
to Imleasure up1) to the high standard of
rfticiency which it has maiintaillel ditr
ing the past hundred years. Its al'
fairs arc' wisely administerced, ant
the emi11neatly3 succesful , useful anad
hionor able c-areei-s of its gr-adutat es,
emph)Iasizes the w:sdolm of the St ate
in cont Incuing its mialntenanlce. The
Holg ow has 20:: stuldents., wvho arie
wvorking earnestly and har-monlo.usly
with theli- profes-sor-s. and Ithere 1.a
good reason to hlolpe thaIt lthis va
11- acdd an emimently suicc(ssful one
t< its hlistoriy. An aLpproprl)iation of at.
I. ist $35,000 will he ask(ed. l"or- uri
Ituer and1 detailed Informtion I Ee.
.yoiu to the r-eport o)f the hoard of
'-rustees.
WfNTH1IROP NOlUMA'i, AND INIDUS
'fTRlA L COLLEGEc.
TPhei-e is no0 more imporlt alnt istitu
tninteSlate than Winlthrop (Col
(ege. tsvital imipor-tance, :onilsts ini
the fact that it edueates and trains the
lutuire mothers andic teachers of thle
State. It is no0w unliversally recog
nizsed that if at people ar-e to be (educ
(at-d and, therefore, great and intluc
entiaul, tile wVomenC of that people miuc,u
lhe ccdiuca ted.- An ecducat ed molcthler
meanlis ('Idcated chilbiren Womeni arec
t he na(1tuiral teachers of childlrent ana1
Winthrop Collcge is doing a gu-eat
3er-vice ICo the Stale by giving a pro
fessional1 training to Ithiese naturalI
tenacher's. "'he college has seat oust
4I1 1' gr-aduatles ini its shoit ife'-ear.
nest. dlevot,ed womien. miost of wvhomi
arie teachIng in thiis State and by3 thir
wvorki and examleIr ar-e elevating (lie
tone' and st atular-d of the c commo)01
schoold)s. The college has reachled and
Ithaln tisI, howeverl. Duirinag the paust
sc;enu and a half yeais there ha ve
bdeen enrolled ini the' d parltmncit ofi
-iwing, drlesmakling. and miilliii*-y
!56 stuld en ts, th rough whonm the wvork
has reached at least 900) hiomae
thrioughiouti the State.
'('le newv 1)11uIdIng has mn-ud It poni.
ble~ to have practically all atoldeats nut
Ii vinlg in liock 1Hill equually umilri (
Ilege auathor-ity3, andc has (enablled th emi
to shaie equally in all collg po..
timuitic-s. It has also ser-vedl to) lin g
I ihe faculty' and steudentLs into closec
adilc pleasant relations.
Tie fact that 54- per cent. oif tie
students at. Winthrop inst year- could
not) have atitendedc any other eol legc
if WIinthIiroll had not brougMi end
11ion with in thlir I reamch1 is ehlececC of
thle mhii n''eded workl it is coing 'i-.
I hie State.
GILMSON COLLLQE.
Clemson College opened last Sep.
tember with a matriculation list of
519 students, which nuttlhor is very
near the limit of ittr accommodation.
The character of work (lone by the
students is much in advaace of former
years. and the Institution is rapidly
growing in favor with the people.
And -justly so, for it is doing a great
service to the State in mrnding out
such a large number of young menl
with practical training to take charge
of purMuits looking to material bene
flt. to the people In developing the
resources of the State. The various
(tepartments are being steatily (level.
4Ad, and the facilities for work are
being rapidly increased. Clemson re.
celves no direct appropriation through
you. For Retailed informuation as to
its financial condition and in regard to
the different departments I refer you
to the annual report of the college,
wtich will be submitted to you.
SOiT1 CA11OllNA Mll'1'AT iX'
ACAD10MY.
Tite report of the Siperintendent of
this institution will be submitted to
you. The school is doing it good work
for the young men of the State. anr
is run economically. The Board of
Visitors will ask for an appropriation
of $25,000 for maintenance, $1,000 for
repairs to buildings and $250 for adl
(Ittions to library. making at total of
$26.250. It should he remembere-I
thr.t the Aendemly educate; young;
men from each county absolutely fre"'
out of the atppropriation asked, and i
recommend to you the requetiest of the
Board of Visitors ns entirely reason
able.
'I'HE INSTITUTION FOR THiE I)t(;.
CATION OF Till, DEAF AND
DUMH ANDI TilC BI AND.
'I'he annual relor"t. of the superin
tendent of this institution gives it
detail til lnecessary information in
reference to tle work being dtoie by
the State for the eduention of her
blind and deaf childrlen. and also fully
sets forth the amount of appropriation
necessary for the maintenance of the
school for the ens'hig fiscal year.
The sllperintendent asks for an ap
propriation of $2.1,000 for support, and
$500 for general repairs. This request
has the full and tulI(lualified endorse
lent. of the Board of Commissioners.
'l'The reputation established by the
management of lhis iustitution l'or
conservative estimnates, anmd the eco
nomical expendittres and the in
creased attendance, are a suilieienitr
guaranty that a less sitnn than asked
for would not suffie.- for the proper
iaintenlance of the school.
COi,Oi1EI) COLI,x;Ej.
'I'he Colored. Nornal, Indtistrial. Ag
rieultural and Mecha(lical College will
ask for an appropriation of not 's
than $10,000, half of which amount is
needed to finish and esquil the bricl
industrial Building. This building
has been in course of erection during
the past, two years, and should or
completed at as early dat( as posSi
ble. The other $5,000 asked is for
current. expenses. The institution at
present having more than 600 sttadlents
it is a very reaason(able amount. Th-is
college. since its foundation in 1896.
has been ruit on econ1omical prinel
ples. TIhce total appropriations r"e
ceived by It during the whole period
of its cxistcce amount to only $62..
500, an average of less than $9,000
for each year, reeeived from the
State.
MECI)1CAL, CO0,IJs(;l..
'Tle Medical College of the State
of South Carolina, loit(Ad at. Charles
tonl, continlles to place at the cjisposal
of the Covernor the privilege of a.
loint.ing) to scholatrshlips, good for onc.
'ear, seveI young mwn or young wo
mlen, one from each Congressionla I
D)istrict. (If t he State. The atppoint
:me.nts have beeni madtte eh year, am
t :he effort hits bieen to~ s!curie deserv
m(ig and amitio youngi~ mien antt
foug omn rt amiong I the apli i
('ants. The liberality of this lnst itu
t ion deees s XCiit (ommenHtt ion, for i
51iingI these schola ripis II it hs ablte's
'nanty young mnen atnd young wtomten in
I teir t'Irits to tit. i he iisil ve for thbetr
life work.
('.111,D L4ADOlt.
helpIi very- i ch in thle soluition (If the
''hild( labor quesation . Ini fact, the
aidoptioni if a ('hild( lablor law will nec
('essitate 'ompuitlsoty (Ptlien:tion.
'i'his~ due(stionu niust. lht met andti
s;olved,. and( the sooner it is done the
less difficult. of schiitioni it, will lie.
EIglatnd, F'rane, Germany, and all the
manutfetintg States hii te north oft
our country, af-ter thboroiugh InvatcMI
gationi and( bng (tex('itje. ioi
liothI to th li ntal(t an mora(11111) f upftg
andu thte material audvancemntent (if t
pople, have decided to proi bit t he
labor ini mills of ('hilldren of tem:ler
age. W' (!annot loniger avoid thle re
sp)onibhillty. Thait the State has a
right1 to interfere, no thou01ghtfuil citi
zeni wiili (iuestion. No onet cant ste
(:(ssfuiliy conitrovert the piosittion thtat
th is lar fi lon g aitd ('ontstant. bouris
fore, affects~ thec ci tIze.( ohip (f thIe
fiturie. Tiis being true,' the State htas
a right. to (omi in andiu say it shall lie
WVe haive t(apilly grtownt ito at manuil
tr soetions. It, is aigued that. thii
St ate hias ia right tot( (otr oIl, I t a ea -
5(onable ex tenit, th itouriois (If litbot' of
the chtild, In view of thle fat that
the res;ponsibil11ty for (:rim1e amil ignto
anioe rests iiplon the State.
P'AItiDONfNG: iOA iII)
'.The Censtituotion (If the St ate iro
. Videi t hat thei( (overnior "'shallI have
.towerto granS t riet(ves, ecommtutta
* Ions, antd ipardolns * * ini Stuh man
ter, on such tiams, andijnu gjetg*.ii
iest rietions as hte shaltl fthinlk Iropiet-''
lcie t eq ired(5 to repiort atl Il ardlotn
andt( commuitationst to the GeneralI As.
s"mb lly. It Is also p)rovidled t hat ('v
(Ky, pet it 11ion may firsit he retfpere to
1 Hoard( of Pardons, to lbe provId ed
by I the Genteral A osemb ly, wvhi ib
I oardtt a~i'll hear aIl such peti,c-t
under such rules and regulations asw
the General Assezu>ly may provide.
The Govel'nor muay adopt the recom
1endation)t, of such Board, bit in Case
he does not he shall subm it. his rea
sons to the General Assembly." The
Board of Pardons has never been pro
vided by the Iegislature aud very lit
tile good could be accomplished by
such board, for . the respontiliity , is
at last on the Governor. and he mIutt
meet. and bear it.
NIW MANSION.
No one who has had opportunity to
look Into the matter or who has
thought on the subject at all. will
question the fact that the State of
South Ca.rolina should havv a new and
modern home for its chief nagi:
trate. It Is urged that a proper nan
si6n should h)e creeted( for the cvu
pannev of the State's Governor.
SPECIAl, CO(lTS.
Tho Legislature of 190) passed anl
Act. providing for special courts andl
the manner of obtaining them. 'Thes
pay of the s1eCil judge was fIxed, but
no fund wits provided out of which iot
Pay hin. The' atintion of. the Leg
inlature of 1901 was cnlled to this
miatter. The per diem of these spe
(1al judges has blen pid out. of the
contingent fund of the Governor, andoph
up1 to thle JIm st y*eartt t.his hats been
done~ withlout e'xhau lst ing4 this fundi.
The past year. however, the demandit'
for special courts has been so heavy
tltt. the contingelt fund was 'x
hrtusted, and claims for rewards aid
other iatfers to the amount of $1.
761.2r hnve not been paid. These will
be placed before the (otmmit.tee on
Clahms andt(1 I ask that you make pro
vistion for thwir b a.'1m1ent, a8 it will
not he right. to ehar"ge them io Ith
next contingent fund. In this liha
there are claims for special judges
amounting to $1,247.14 and I have
pail already for this purpose $1.
305.09. If the law proviling for spe".
clal courts is to remain in force az
fund s:houlld be providel for the pay
ment of the judges. It Scems to mte,
howevci'. that there are vases in which
special courlts are asked where I he:'
is no neeessity for them, for I have
obsei vVcd that. in some inatances at
ter the special court. had been held
the regular term was called oft. 1?.
however, t.hero is demand for th,e
extra courts. and the demtand is in
creasing, it, would ble better to 1.
er(ase the number of circuits and (o
away with the cnll for extra courtx.
INSU]RANCI, I1ICNSIDS.
I trust you have examined the in.
St1lunc' report. lsueld from the of re
of tli' Comptroller General and have
read the recomtmendat ins made by
that officer.
Tha1t. it is right and proper that the
Statl should do all it. (ann to care for
the deserving and needy Confederate
soldier, no one will cttuestion. It.
should he the patriotic (1i1Coern of nil
true citizens of the State to see to it
that no man1 ) who upheld the cause of
South ('arolina in the troublous t.ilct;
from 'dl to 'It. Shall be sent. to Ilie
c'tnnty home, but, that all who necec)
ie help of tht State have It. still'
itntly to make their deelining years
free from worry and enre and full of
all Iit l1-essligs it, is possible for
the State to extend. The Southern
I oatise wits not uiphcld by hirelings of
slaves or those wtho fought from Iler
cenary motives. 'TIhe Southern sol.
dlitr went to hattie for a c"ause he lI
iieved to he right. and just. and b)e
vaause of his love for Iiis lome and
his fireside. But for Ithese patiiotic
suistatlinug m1otives hec never- coul.d
htave put ui the fgit. which he did
against. such ods of ainmhers an)ld rc
.ourcs. ft. iv not. the purpose of ti:'
pentsion laws ft pentsion al.1 whIo wereI
diei'erig Con fed era:te sold(1 irs, bu1t
only, I hose whoI( ar(e needy. WI' sItart -
Ie ( w Vith In appr Iliopriat ion of $30,(x00d
andl lastI ye~ar it renehmed $2(00,(000.
Tlhatl tere( rle' many)3 on the r'ols who
do( nlot n1eeri Ithe assist.ance of' ii.
Staite is a amaItr whih 1(1is aIt tjag
the Ilotice of many13 Confederate s(o1.
d irs themsel8(1vCs, andth liis faetl is a
violation of' thxe intintioni foir whiJeh
our penslion Ilaws wecre ('lnnet(ld. Thei
trouble1 lies wit h thle Cotity boardsh .
it to 00ofteni ii han1(11s that thlese bioards
a rgiue that r ho Stat"' appIIropria.ont is
going to be0 expen'lied, and1 the mIol'e
they CInn get foxr thieir cotuniti the .1(
better, and thu the1 l y pt. on the irollIs
those who. t hotugh t hey ('(n)me wihhi
thle st ric't litte o~ f the law, tuulder it.,
intentloll shohil 11ot lie there. Ad.
('ord1ing to thie repJort. (of the Conipl
trolle G~'eneralI thtere are( now 7,75(1
on the piensin rIlll'I s of thle Stati e.
TlO N.
At the ( last session of the' LegIs ly
turie, thle Appr110priiatloll i11111 cariecs
andi( anly untexpxend(edi111( blce of thEl
apprioprition"' of the Aet to Provide
for' ihe "S'outh CarOolixna Jnt er-State
an \11 Vest 1( Inian Cxplosition1,'' for t'
purp'Jose 0' preIs1rviung (le( exhiit of
sition, andiu 81u(h ('ounty E!X1lit a
mxay he( p laed unIder' thle ('fre of thxe
(ominhissioI, 8(1 as 10r formi lil (l-h,i
a ,t the I C3ls811ana Puri chase FCxpos81ion
'ix hi lICxpositioni will 11ot. he0 held( untgi
S9(i4. T'he commrissionl fox the S(utth
lIxpolitioni hiave anl ilnexpeeleed hls
'anee of ablouit $1,0(00. A dlet aile-d
IslateentII of t hiir tranlsatction, 8sh (.
Iin~g thlie exhat balatnc, will be Suhrnmxit.
ted I o you.-'' 3(e JprieenIt om li ssio
haltve also handI(Ed in Itheir reasgnlt.a l
It will be necessary013 fro YOt t( )I
Vile for thle aippoIlutment oif a ar
(omission801 if it. is de sire'd ItoI ha;tv.
anl exhibit at St. i,ouls. TPhis hprom-x
ises to be one of (lie lairgest Ex J11:
1m1anly oif th e SItte will ibe rep,-e
a full exhib,it fr'omi South Car-oiila i .1
tak~e mtor-e mxoney Ia 1111 InOlolii
now in Ithe handtts 0f th lcom(liliisjt
andt~ it isl foir you3 1o (leItermjnIe whetht'i
aitionI for' rhix r13,,-hI
RAILROAD COMMISSION.
The twenty-fotrth annua report of
the Railroad Connisionoa will he
found upon the desks of the imumbers
of the (e'ral Atsaembly. t. c,ontains
a very complete syioupsitc of thw rail
road sittintti in the 8tat.
TIlE STATE MIlLTIA.
,It is gratifying to be able to give
t.peia I comlmendation to the military
uepart'tmnt, and to noto thew interest
and elergy diisplaye(I by tho beau of
the department. in hitt efforin to build
ult and energize the mlitda nyateni
of the State.
TI': 1)ISl'NNtARY.
For the first time since the .i7lispeu
sary Law was euc"tetAl, It was not an,
issue in the political ca'mllpilgn fot.
the (ov(crnor'ship the pant year, as all
of the(. eanlidateu for Governor were
pledged to its support anl to the strici
clnforcemaet. of tho law. The grt'atest
opposition to the systein of Stnte con
iol of th e salt' of li(juti's is in tIe
larger ('itlet: if the State. As a re
stul. thl-re is Illicit. :sae o1' liquor in
lthse s t i1(5, an1d t1h1 er wilt continue
to be until puhlic svnt.iment. in th.'s;e
comitntnaies grows mnore strongly in
favor of the I)is1i nst(ry system anud
.lurors regaurd mtore saurvdly thelr < aith
snl' cone-i(t pwrs;. t,-m who are provcn
gmilty of the v"iohutionl of the la.w. Spe
chi constables enln neromplish hut
little where stch (condit.lons (.xi:st,
l''ortunately, howev"er, thesic commuuni
ties ;are the excep)tion. 3and in the
Stat.e generailiy t he law is enforced
and thr guilty are eonvicted and pun
isIs'l. Tie systemi is a goxi ort for
tIhe control of the salh of likuor an I
that, it. is viohited In some localities
is n1O valid Argmtient against t:he law.
The business the past yl-n.r its inl
creased,. which may be taken an in t,
ide(' that the people urv beoming
nore and itire in sympathy with the
law, rather thaln that. the ")mtnump tionl
of whis(key is increaaling.
'le aniu ot to the eredit of the
School 'und n(i Novemtbe"r 3tl, 190'.
Was $652.829.22. acecording to the
quarterly rel,ort. of the l,q,;lslat.ive
C'omilttte', but not tvallable, as It
was in satock.
Under tho Act of t.ho last Tlegsla1
ttire rc(iuiring the directorn to pay
t) the State 't'reasure' quarterly thw
proflits to the credit of t.he School
Fund. three paynents have been
imadle aggregating $92.755.1: The
samo Act. requires( that the prt itts to
the credit. of the School Pund carrie,l
as stock shall be roduced by seit
iannual paylentts to $400,006 by Iih
first of .Tanary. 190.. Under thits re
quiremlent. $100,000 have boen paid to
the State ''rensurer the past year.
This makes a total paid to the credit
of the School Fund during 19102 it
$192,755.91.
The following flgtres show the to
tal net. prolits for the yenr ending No
vonbler" 30th, 1902, from the snle of
liquor and bte.r:
li-onm whiskley to towns and
('oulnt ies . . . . . . . .t.. }{Keg .;(l;
F"rom beer to towns and
cotis .. ..........;015.40
$413.198.71;
Net ruft to the State... $1 23,t;99.07
T otal net. profit. . ,. .. ..$566,897.83
lroni t he flgtires qunted above
thre was on hand to the credit. of the
School Fund Novenler 30th, 1902.
$1i52.82s.22. and ile tital a.mount ear.
rl(d in mietrchandisd' was $730.518.17.
It. appears that wit lithe easy facililtes
of tIransl,rtration and the frequent
ttrhase5 which are made flint this
uminscu catrried in mePrc"handise cossld
be mter1111ly r.edluced1 withont detrl
-ment to the busineas, and yet hi.e di
1ector: claim, as you will sere from
I teir reporut, that It. Is ImpossIble to
uni so h'rige a butsinies oin any less
sto(ck than11 is now eiiT. I.5iii.
he remembenl,tred tht. thero are'( abouCt
one' hltred and twent.y-Iivo local Ills.
Pens.f ' ars ini thei, St a!e, anid wh en lth,.t
stol'kI is dividedi aitong them- It does
not giv~e 'ach a vi iy large amout.
It iths. apipears I.'omi thle 5ta1tetnen(t
0f thie I A'gis lit iv' investligating C~omi
inittee, t hat. ott Noveimbet' 3th, 19112
t.' I Saiisnsay owed for sutpplie.
whisk.-y. etI.. $252.5273;.
Ih be jpan yearp has beent a most sue..
r'ssftil onte ini the hilstoiry of this lnst I
tiit.i(on, as th e: aitt nnualreport,. which
lI181TOltCAL, 1t'C(1OR)..
No. Sba in thte 1litnlon htas mande
morie hiist (iry or mi'nore gloionus hintory,
(than Soth (IC arolinua. Nor- has there
ben a St a tt whih hei ias paid les~s at
I ntlou toe resei~ rva I on of that his
toryi'. Then re'ordt bookts and istork.-aI
1papIers h a ve been pretser-vedl, bit until1
On ne(Cout,t of th' le conition bitn which
the y were kept.. Th'le work of Iide'xin.g
and1( of lprop.erly atrrain gIng the m, Itow -
Cveri, Is now donICiie, a tch bla1iiItor-lea!
dat a ofr great 1 valuu l. binig brouightt to
lIght.
C'ONCIA;MION.
date of th Consoits!111uti t evlew theii
Cepartminenits of gov~ern mentI nmid to
r1nak0 suich suiggest Ions as hav. seitmed
to mlt iiprCper. In I ak inig Ileav~o of you)l
youi will per m It me11 to u-ay tha:t. roy Cari
if pr'ayer shiall alwa17ys ho fotr hie
wehure ii of aill thCe peoptIle of Saith Car'
(ditt. I triust that. your' delhiraitiotns
may3 inflect c-redi(t pon youri jiudgmientl
anid thai:t what.evCer youi di imay rCedoCi.
to) th goC LCd of Cth(le Slato we all loyo
SCo wel. I amli stire yo u will Ihave (te
In arty 'ooperationr amni iympiathy3 oIf
tmy suiccessor it al I thing .mM teid to
prtomoC,te CivIl lbety,3' high ideals itf
n I,s anil pr'os p''rity o f th peliople.
Y on shouid lay aSii ail personCifal In..
I Pr'ests and113t l it'urbs Cefforts he i
reeledi C tito innttaisn ig a govternmitent
thati wil brting jtenti,o to M h'people;
(li! hat il in-;tllI a love of toitry: that
wil dIeveh>i) Ilhe hilghtes, typet of Itrte
manhom.Ctl, aund (Iht wIll "'eonformit to
.\L i. .\: ,eN c
0 IVCwY)1.

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