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ESTABLISHED 186 5. NEWBERRY, S. Co, TUESDAY, JANUARY 20 1908 -
ES SHOT DOWN.
d Tragedy on lain Street
. GOY. JAMES H. TILLMAN
PFICE, UNARMED, MEETS TILLMAN, AS
RING THE WEEK, WHEN AS HE IS
PULLS HIS PISTOL AND -SHOOTS
OTHER THAN A FEELING
DPPOSITION IN LAST
changed his mind and let his pistol
fal to his side. , Lieutenant Gov.
ernor Tillman was perfectly cool
and collected, sober and and unex
cited to all appearances.
Mr. Gonzales was unarmed and
on his way to his lunch; The shook
from the magazine pistol paralysed
him and as Mr. Gozales saw the
deadly weapon aimed at hini again,
he cried out, "shoot'again you cow.
ard." If his life be spared that ex.
pression, which perhaps prevented a
second bullet was the magic of the
Mr. Gonzales is a man of robust
health, strong physique and active,
all of which are in his favor.
As he fell against the nearby
transfer station to steady himself
Mr. James Sims and Mr, Gamewell
LaMotte came rushing up and gave
Mr. Gonzales support, and helped
him to the business office of the news
paper that Mr. Gonzales had labor
ad so hard and so faithful to estab
lish and make a leading factor in
affairs of the State.
There, with his head resting on a
bundle of newspapers, he requested
that his wife be sent for, and to
itricken friends, most of whom were
in tears, he told the story of the
tragedy. Dr. B. W. Taylor, Dr.
F., D. Kendell, Dr. Philpot and
Dr. J. W. Babcock were soon
it his side, and irn a few mo
ments there were half a dozen or
more physicians at his side doing all
hey could to save 4 is life. It was
promptly decided that the only hope
as to perform an opperation and get
he true course of the bullet, and try
o repair the serious, but the un
nown damages. Mr. Gonzales re
peated his account with exactness of
Lieutenant Governor Tillman was
isked for a statement, but said he
ad been advised by counsel to say
bsolutely nothing and he followed
~heir advice to the letter.
STORY OF TIhU SHooTING.
There appears to be no conflict as
~o the essential features of the trag
ily. Mr. N. G. Gonzalesj was walk.
ng home alone from his office to his
uinch. To go home he had to go
lown Main street to Gervais and
,en turn east and go down that
itreet. Mr. Gonzales was, as usual,
walking to his dinner. Lieutenant'
3overnor James II. Tillman left the I
state Capitol just after adjourning. I
ELe had presided at the session andt
emained around the Senate chain.
>er for a while. As he came out of
he State House he was accom~panied
>y Senator Talbird, of Beaufort, and
senator Brown, of Darlington, and
ic was joined on his way up town by I
Jongressman Wyatt Aiken and for
ner Representative Dominick. The
neeting was just at the turn of Main
md Gervais streets, on the north
side of the street, just at the street
3ar tranofer station. There was no
rncounter, do fist lighting, no laying
o (f handsl. Lieutenant Gov'ernor
linan, the testimony now all seems
to b,e, simply drew his revolver and
fired into Editor N. G. Gonzales.
.WhAT BYI WITNERREs SAY.
Most, of those who saw the affair
say there was nothing said until af.
ter the shot. One of Lieutenant
Governor Tillman's escorts says he
thinks Mr T1illman said, "I received
your messagf'," and then fired. He
is not certain on this point, but
thinks so. The other escort of Mr.
Tillmani says he did not hear any
thing and did not see the affair, but
thinks he would have heard any
words, as he was in the vey midst
of the affair. Two or three other
say they heard nothing until afte
the firing of the pistol.
MR. OONZALEBts STATEMENT.
Mr. Gonzales himself gave a per
fectly plain and explicit statemen
of the whole affair; prior to beinj
put under the anaesthetics, and h
was very emphatic in saying that h
had not sent any message to Lieu
tenant Governor Tillman at an]
time, and that Mr. Tillman saic
nothing until after he had fired, ani
then after the shot he said something
about taking him (Gonzales) at hit
word. Mr. Gonzales took this t<
mean that Mr. Tillman told him that
he was settling an issue face to fact
with him. Mr. Gonzales is certair
that nothing was said until after the
shot was fired. After the first shol
was fired Mr. Gonzales tottered tc
the transfer station, against which
he leaned, and Mr. Tillman a second
time aimed his pistol at him, where.
upon Mr. Gonzales said, "Shoot
again, you coward," and that then
Lieutenant Governor Tillman low
ered his pistol and walked away.
THE EFFECT OF THE sHOT.
There was only one shot fired and
it entered the right side, between the
eighth and ninth ribs, and it passed
through the fore part of the body,
Doming out just above the free bor
der of the ribs. At first it was
thought the bullet had gone through
the body from the front to the back,
but it did not, as it went through
the fore part of the body, entering
above the vest pocket on the right
and coming out below and behind
the vest pocket on the left side.
rhe bullet was picked up on the
pavement and it seemed to be bright
and new and in no way battered. It
was a bullet from what is said to be
a long range German-make maga
Lieutenant Governor Tillman, af
ter the shooting, walked out into the
niddle of the street, where he was
arrested and taken to the station
louse on Gervais street. He was
net there by several of his friends,
nut said nothing. The police took
rom him the long range magazine
pistol, which had one empty car
ridge, and a large Colts revolver.
Just 9s soon as Mr. Gonsales was
aken into his office Dr. W. J. Mur
ray arrived and made the wounded
nan comfortable. Dr. Griffith and
Dr. Coward were the first to give
nedical assistance and gave an in
ection to relieve the internal pain.
*radually a pallor stole over the
ace of the stricken man, but he
eemed anxious to talk and to give
he story of the shooting. He an
wered all inquiries and inquired
articularly about the members of
lii devoted family, all of whom had
>y this time arrived.
Dr. B. W. Taylor, the eminent
ihysician, was placed in charge and
t was promptly decided that an
>peration would have to be per
'ormed and arrangerrents were made
o take Mr. Gonzales to the Colum
yia Hospital. He stood the trip ele.
gantly and after being taken into
he building his pulse registered 72,
md at no time had it gone below 60.
Mr. Gonzales, after a statement,
poke to the physicians about him.
elf and made some suggestions. In
he statement Mr. Gonzales made it
>lain that he sought no difficulty;
,bat to avoid a collision with Mr.
Lillman, who was walking with two
senators, lie cut across the pavement
mud passed by without touching or
peaking, and that Mr. Tillman
pulled his pistol or had it in his
iand and fired. Mr. Gonzales spoke
:o Tillman anid told him, "Shoot
again, you coward!" Mr. Gonzales
said he saw Tillmnan two days before
anid Mr. Tillmaun saw him. As to
sending any mIwRagEf to Mr Tillman
be said he h d not (lone so, arid that
be was p'isitive that Mr. Tilirma'
fired before he said a word.
MRi. GONEALEsr OPERATED) ON.
It was exactly two hours after the
shooting that Mr. (Gony.ales was placed
on t.he operating table. The opera
tion lasted about t wo honrs. The
patient bore the operation well and
after being put in bed, had a pulse
of 115.120 and respiration of 81
The operation was dn by Dr. L
A Shocking and Unexpecte
DELIBERATE ACT OF LIEU'
GONZALES WALKING HOME FROM HIS (
HE HAD DONE SEVERAL TDIES DU
ABOUT TO PASS HIM, TILLMAN
HIM-NO MOTIVE EXPECTED
OF RBVBNGE FOR GOi
OF AND EFFECTIVE
(Special to News and Courier.)
Columbia, Jan. 15. -Mr. N. G.
Gonzales, editor of the State, is
at the Columbia Hospital in a
uridical condition, as a result of
a serious pistol wound, inflicted by
Mr. James H. Tillman, Lieutenant
Govenor of South Carolina.
The shooting occurred on Main
street, just at the intersection of
Gervais street, in full view of the
State House. It was upon the most
frequented street and corner in Col
umbia. The bullet which pierced
through one of the most distinguish.
ed editors of the entire South may
end that brilliant life, but if the best
of surgeons, the best of care and the
most ardent of prayers and wishes
avail for aught, that life will be
It was just a few moments before
2 o'clock when the cry was passed
along the streets that "Jim Tillman
had shoot N. G. Gonzales." It was
a shocking and a startling announce
ment. It went like a thrill through
all Columbia, and there was a rush
towards the scene of the tragedy to
learn the facts and the condiiton of
the distinguished victim. The office
of the State is on the same block as
the scene of the shooting and it took
but a moment for a great throng to
I; assemble in front of the newspaper
office. The excitement and the in
dignation on the streets was intense.
/ ~TILLMAN ARRESTED.
Policeman Boland immediately
after the shooting arrested Lieuten
ant Governor Tillman and took him
to police headquarters, where he was
relieved of two pistols-the one with
which he shot Editor Gouzales and a
second large revolver of 88-calibre.
From the police station he was taken
the county jail, where he is tonight )
in the full protection of the officers.
OAUSE OF THE SHOOTING.
j1, There was no conflict, and the
only attributed cause for the shoot
~ ng by Lieutenant Governor Tillman
is that during the recent primary
election Editor Gonzales opposed
Lieu tenant Govenor Tillmian in his
";.race for Govenor, and in that editor.
lal opposition Editor Gonzales has
been seve're in his opposition.i
During the progress of that cam- I
paign Editor Gonzales in his fight<
to defeat Mr. Tillman had editorial
ly called him a debauche, "black
guard," and in fact demonstrated
him as "criminal candidate" and a
proven "liar." It was this and other
such editorial expressions, it is sup
posed, that goaded Mr. Tillman to
the desperate deed of to-day. This
was in August last and since the first
primary, August 26, 19)02, Editor
Gonzales has had nothing to say
about Mr. T1illman, except to comn.
ment on the result of the primary.
Editor Gonzales and Lieutenant
Governer Tillman have passed each
other in full view since the opening
of the present session of the General
Aveenbly, but there has b)eenl no en
counter, no words pafssedl, no nod or
re)gition of any kind, and todaiy
it came like a thunder clap out of a
clear sky when the shot, was firedl.
It was absolutely nne,x)pcted, ase all
thought that what ever soreness t ber.'
was a a result of the primary of last
August had passod away, but it
TIL,LMANa' DELIBiERATE AoT
Aq to the shooting that is a simple
story, Lieutenant Governor Till man
met Mr. Glonzales on thbe street., drew
his pistol and fired into him. There
was no fuss, but when at a close
range Mr. Tiliman opened fire, wiped
hi. pistol on his coat sleeve, took
s Grand Guerry, assisted by Dr. J. H.
r McIntosh and Dr. Lindaway Peters.
Dr. D. S. Pope gave the anisthetic.
Dr. B. W. Taylor was chief consult.
ant, with Dr. C. W. Barron and half
t a dozen other Columbia physicians
f were present. The bullet entered
the right side, between the eighth
a and ninth ribs. It then passed
through the left lobe of the liver,
about one inch from the bordar,
I Then it grazed the interior wall of
I the stomach, cutting through two of
the three coats, leaving a contusion
about. two inches in diameter. The
intestines were then torn in four dif
t forent places. Tne wound of exit
was just about the free border of the
At 8 o'clock Mr. Gonzales had not
recovered from the anaesthetics and
his - condition was otherwise un
changed, his pulse being 115.
The most serious wound is the cut
ting of the transverse colon intestine
for about an inch and a half, almost
severing the intestine. This and the
three other wounds of the intestines
were carefully sewed. After the
operation the physicians reported
that the patient stood the ordeal
beautifully and that the operation
was as successful as it could be. All
the afternoon messages came from
all parts of the State inquiring into
the condition of Mr. Gonzales and
what hope could be offered was given.
A telephone message was sent to
Lieut. (,vernor Tillman, asking ii
he wished to make any statement
whatever, but. he said he did not care
to have a word to say.
THE EXCUSE FOR THE KILLING.
In lieu of any statement from Lieu
tenant Governor Tillman extracts are
made from the available editorials in
the State, which Lieutenant Governor
Tillman's friends urge are the provo
cation for the killing.
EXTRACTS FROM THE STATE.
August 25, 1902: "It was neces
sary that Jim Tillman, who two
years ago succeeded in getting him
self elected Lieutenant Gorvernor be
cause the majority of the voters did
not know his character, should this
year have that character made known,
when his candidacy for Governor
menaced South Carolina with Su:
preme injury and disgrace. The in
terest of the public having been con
centrated in 1900 on the fight for
the Governorship, he literally had
his way into the office, and it was
somebody's duty to stand forth and
show his falsity and depravity. The
dtate Senate had missed its oppor
tunity and resigned its right to do
this. On~ the hustings a new rule of
courtesy had been adopted whereby
the worst, the most indefensible, man
who ever Bought the Democratic nom
ination in South Carolina was ex
empted from criticism which had not
spared the best of Gutbernatorial can
didates since the primary system was
adopted. Therefore it was obvious
that if the press were riot to under
take it, the duty would not be per
formed, that the name and method
which was won at the last election
might win again, and South Caro
lina be cursed with blackguardness,
debauchery and dishonesty in her
highest and most responsible office.
It happened that The State pos
sessed larger proofs of the criminality
of James H. Tillman than any other
South Carolina newspaper, and, al
though it would have preferred for
tactical reasons, and knowing the
verbal unpleasantness of an issue
with a blackguard, to second the ef
forts of another journal rath)er than
to take the iniative, its knowledge of
the case prom ptedl it, after months
of reticence and the actual opening
of the campaign, to bring ont the
facts it had in store. For this rea
son the crimiinal candidlate has had
an excuse to concentrate his fire on
"'he State,' ignorimg all the other
journals attacking him, buit it may
console those who regard this ats un
fortunate to refleet that he would
have dloub)tless (lone the same, even
Iif Thet State had only trailed behind
otLer newsp)apers in declaring his
unfitness, inasmuch as' he .has per
aistently attributed to The State the
charges of its contemporaries. He
thinks there are votes in such a pol
but the masses of Democracy in
South Carolina are not so much con.
cerned about the source of the charges
as their truth, and Jim Tillman's
silence has confessed their truth. He
has underrated the sense of patriot
ism of a majority of former Reform
era in imagining that they would vote
for a scoundrel because his name was
Tillman or because The State op.
"August 25, 1902: "The issue once
made it has developed into an issue
of the press of South Carolina against
fraud and falsehood in high ofLice,
and this it remains for the voters to
pass judgment upon. One by one
the papers have swung into line un
til -ut of eleven daily journals in
South Carolina ten have pronounced
against Jim Tillman. These news
papers listed by cities are as follows:
Anderson, the Daily Mail; Charles
ton, the Evening Post; Columbia,
the Evening Record; Columbia, the
State; Florence, the Daily Times;
Greenville, the Daily News; Gre(%n
wood, the Daily Index; Spartanburg,
the Daily Herald; Spartanburg, the
Evening Journal; Sumter, the Daily
August 23, 1902: "As one of
the public prosecutors of James H.
Tillman, in behalf of South Caro
lina's honor and welfare, this news
paper is proud of the enmity he
manifests against it, although in
fairness to a number of its contem
poraries, which have so materially
aided in the work of bringing this
rogue to public justice, the State
could wish their services were also
September 3, 1902: "Jim Till
man has made what our local con.
temporary describes as a 'little
stage play,' in offering to resign his
office of Lieutenant Governor if the
editor will go to him and call him 'a
liar and a blackguard or a coward.'
The editor of the State is not play
ing in a melodrama, and has no
taste for it. In his paper lie has
called Jim Tillman what he was, and
what, in public interest, it was no
cessary to call him, and what he said
about him he has proved. If any
grievance exists it is not on the part
of Mr. Uonaales, who frankly admits
the election has given him full sat.
isfaction. Therefore, it would be
quite superfluous, as well as stale
and cheap, to do the DeOamp act
over again after the curtain had been
wHAT SENATOR BROWN SAYS.
There is apparently no desire on
the part of eye-witnesses to talk of
the tragedy for publication. Sena
tor George W. Brown, of Darling.
ton, who was walking on the inside
of the three, and nearest to Mr.
Gonzales, said that strange as it
may appear, he did not see the
shooting and knew but little. Just
at the time he had turned to one
side to speak to a lady friend who
was passing, and then while turned
he heard the pistol fire. His friend
ran andl he tried to stop and assist
her. He heed no wordJs, and went
off to calm his friend, who was much
excited. Hie hoard nothing pass be.
tween the two men, but did not see
the affair, and, of course, Senator
Brown is absolutely candid in his
who was one of the party walking
along, does riot care to talk for pub
lication, and says he heard Mr. Till
man say, "1 got your message"' and
that he thinks the shot was fired af
ter he used the expressioni. Both
Sentator Browni arid Senator T1albird
said they were so much surprised
and( amazed that they hardly realized
what had hlapp)ened, but there was
no quarrel or light.
CONoR(E8sMAN-.ELE.CT AI KEN,
with Mr. Dominick, did niot hoar aniy
words, and thinks he was near
enough to hays heard, while Mr.
Dominick thinks they were a bit too
far. Mr. Dominick thinks he and
Mr. Aiken were as far as the Murray
D)rug (Conhpany, abtut a half a block
Arledge Lyles, who attends to the
fruit standt in the transfer station,
was standing in the doorway, and
saw the t ragedy. HeI saw what hap.
pened. but save he heard not hinig
He seemed to be impressed with the
long, blue steel pistol. He does not
think there was anything at all
said prior to the shooting.
Mr. Sims, who was first to reach
Mr. Gonzales, first heard the pistol
WHAT UOY. M'SWEENEY SAYS.
Governor McSweeney was asked
tonight for an expression of opinion
as to the affair, and he said that it
was a most deplorable affair, and
that is all I can say about it just
now further than to say that the
conduct of a State officer in carry.
ing concealed weapons cannot be
too severely condoitned, for he is
one whose sworn duty is to uphold
and defend the law in this respect as
well as in others."
TnE INTENSE IN rEREST
taken in every ph.e of the tragedy
enacted in Columbia this afternoon
is probably unparalleled in the his.
tory of the State, not being surpassed,
perhaps, even by that. caused by the
killing of Capt. F. W. Dawson, edi
tor of The News and Courier. The
prominence of Mr. Tillnan as ILieu
tenant Governor, as well as because
he was a son of the lat.o Congress.
man George D. Tillman, and a
nephew of Senator Tillman, and the
prominence of a different character
of Mr. Gonzales, editor of one of
the most influential papers of the
State, caused telegrams to come
from North, South, East and West
asking for the fullest par'iculars.
The fact was recalled that (leorge
D Tillman, father of Lieutenant (Iov.
ernor Tillman, was a friend of Mr.
Gonzales and encouraged and sup
ported him in his efforts to put the
State upon a firm financial basis, and
to make it a paper of prominence
and influence in the affairs of the
State. Mr. Gonzales, through his
editorials, standing as representa
tive of the thought in a large part
of the people of the State, was
known largely throughout the
country, an as the two msn repre
sented in some degree two opposite
sides in political affairs in the State,
as well as in almost every represpect
antagonistic principles, it was per
haps but natural that all over the
count ry people desired to have the
fullest report as to the circumstances
of the tragedy, as well as those
leading up to, and the thought and
feeling of the people in reference to
FUTUHEa DETAILS OF Tra AFFAIR.
Columbia Jan 1(1-Lieutenant Gov
ernor James H. Tillman is taking
thmngs qjuietly and calnly in the coun -
ty jail. Dumring the day he had vis
itors and three of his lawyers-Con.
gressmian George WV. Croft, former
Judge 0. W. Buckanan and Mr
Coleman La. Blease-spent most of
the day with their client. Mir P'. U.
Nelson, who is also said to be in the
case, was consulted (luring the day.
Lieutenant Governor TlillIman is quar
tered in the corridor room, on the
second floor of the county jail. lie
has a roomx to himself. This after
noon lhe had new furniture brought
to the room anid is comfortably fixed
During the afternoon two of his coun
sel brought a copy of a statement
which Col Tillman had himself p)re
pared in response to an offer from
a New York paper that its colun
were open to him.
LIEUTr (oY TILLMAN' s TATPEME-NT.
It was also requested that the stato
mont be sent to the A esociatod P'ress.
It is as follows:
"I thank you for your courteous
and kind telegram. In view of t he
faicts that the dispatches senit out
from Col u mrbia emianatedl from the
office of the State, (newspaper,) of
which Mr Gonzales was editor, I (IC
riot deeom it necessary to dony any.
thing that has boornAesent from that
quarter. I can only say that when
the trut h of the unfortunate affair is
known my friends, as well as the
people of this country, will see hiow
thoroughly I was justified in acting~
a.1 (1id. The statements al ready
p)ublishedl ini the papers are untrne
anid, at the propoi t ime, this I will
be prepared to Alhow. Beyond this]
do not care to make any further state
The New York papers, with what
ever necontni they may have pnblish
ed, have not reached here to be read,
and the re ports published here were
based on the available facts and evi
POssIBLE LINE OF DEFENCE.
The understanding is that Col.
Tillman's line of defence will be that
he thought Mr. Gonzales was armed
and that he had a weapon in his
coat pocket, and that he had his
hands in his coat pockets.
He is said to contend that he had
every reason to believe that Mr. Gon.
zales was armed and that he ought
to have been even if he was not..
Mr. Gonzales was not armed.
Second. That when he airned his
pistol the second time at Mr. Gon.
sales to defend himself, and that he
lowered his weapon because there
was no response, and not because of
anything Mr. Gonzales said, and he
refutes the reiterated statement of
Mr. Gonzales that he told him, with
a bullet through him unarmad:
"shoot again you coward." Mr.
Tillmuan will also, it is understood,
contend that he had not met Mr.
Gonzales before. This is denied
and Mr. Gonzales and Mr. Tillnin
were in the Senate chaluber and
State Capital together.
Lieutenant Govenor Tillman, how.
ever, only makes the statement let
there is now no use to repeat, t 1
appears over his resignation. The
whole story has, however, all leen
given and details of the awful affair.
That Mr. Gonzales sent no mues
sage; that he was quietly on his way
to dinner; that he was alone; that he
was unarmed; that he said nothing
to provoke hostilities, all seem ad
nitted, and that Lieutenant Governor
Tillman met Mr. Gonzales and
promptly fired into him is equally
What there was in the mind of the
assailant is another geestion, and the
editorial expressions from the pen of
Gonales, which are alleged to be
the provocation, have already beeni
Mrs. Tillhan and Mrn. George D.
Tillman are expected hero tonight.
LEFT TO THE LAW.
Culurubia, S. C, January 16.
While there is a great deal of feeling
over the affair, it can be stated with
positiveness that there is absolutely
no thought of violence against Lieu
tenant Governor Tillman on the part
of Mr. Gonzales'n f.iends. Ail seon
sational reports of throats against
Tillmian's . life in the event that the
stricken editor shouldl die are abso
lutely baseless, as it is the wish of
Mr. Gonzales and1 his ilosest friends
that the ma' ter shouldl be left for the
CJourts to settle judiciously.
SAFE BLOWING AT GRElRs.
A TerrifiC Eixptosion of Nitro Giycerinie
Awakens the Towni -IRobbers Pursued.
|S~pecial to Greenvilla Daily Herald]
Greer-s, S. C., Jan. 17. - -At 3
o'clock this morning p)ract ically the
entire town was aroulsedl by a terriIic
exp)losion, the dleafen ing report com.a
img from t he directioni of the post1
oflice, which was being robbed by a
gang of safe crack ors.
Nit ro glycerine was used( to fore
the 'iafo open, and an examinatto
showved thait stampiI) to the w(IiiIii
Wvhen the roar of thin exp,losionI
was heard at the hotel I1nmedhiatelyj
across thle street fromu the buiirglarized
building, a miechainst by the name of
ILutledge, wvho is boarding at the
hotel, rushbed out to the st reel wit(h a
eliot gunm and tired two shots at the
A phone message was sent imme
dhiately to Sheriff Gilreath at
(Groonvi ll to come at once withI his
After the arrival of the sheriff, lhe
nmade a hurried examlinat ion of the
sicene of the rob>bery, allowing lhis
(logs to circle and nose around for
half an hour or so.
A party hieadeld by3 Sheriff Gilt-oath
and1 the (dogs is now making every
effort to capture the gang.
No direct clue has as yet been dis
covered, but, thle job was evideocty
the work of experts