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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, January 23, 1903, Image 1

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ESTABLISHED 1.865. NEWBERRY, S. C., FRIDAY, JANUAR Y 23, 19083
GOY. HEYWARI
Delivered Wednesday at
A PLAIN PRAC
THB GOVERNOR TREATS OF OUR RESPON
AND MANUFACTURING PROGRESS-T]
TION BUREAU-DRAINAGE OF SWA
-PUBLIC EDUCATION-REGULAT]
WISE CHILD LABOR LAW -BNF
-CONFEDERATE PENSIONS
BIENNIAL SESSIONS-"I
Members of the General Assembly
and i1 fellow citizens:
Under otir form of government,
the voice of.the people is supreme,
and we have met together today to
car'ry Out the wishes of the people of
thie State, as expressed at the recent
election.
In the providence of God, it has
fallen to my lot to be called from the
quiet walls of life to assume in this
manner and in this presence the
high and honorable office of Govern.
or of South Carolina. In doing so I
am almost overwhelmed by a sense
of great reponsibilities which I have
now assumed: but even beyond this
is my sense of gratitude for the great
honor done me by the people of my
State. I am mindful- of the fact
that tho truly great gifts of life ever
involve the most solemn responsibil
ities, and when they come as the ex
pression of the manhood of a com
monwealth, involving the selection
of a Chief Magistrate of the people
whose heritage is as proud as that of
any people upon this earth-whose
history is a glorious record of patriot
ism, virtue and achievement-well,
indeed, may he upon whom this
honor falls stand silent in contem
plation of the sacred responsibitities
which his people have placed upon
him. The honor you have bestowed
upon me is such as would till the
heart of at y man with deepest grati,
tude-a gratitude that should call
forth the most sacred loyalty of a
South Carolinian to South Caroli
nians.
r To meet these responsibilities, to
execute the various and onerous
3nties of my offlice-to give my time,
my thoughts and my every endeavor
to the service of my State-I feel
would indeed be a poor recompense
to my people for the trust and confi
dence they have placed in me. I
beg, my friends and my countrymen,
that you will allow my feelings on
this occasion to speake to you of a
heart filled with love for South Care
lina and for South Carolinians-let
them speak to you, for me, of a de
votion to the welfare of our State,
which, with your continued trust d
help, will endure all things to ach sve
this end; let them speak to you of a
determination to know no higher
ambit ion than to labor for the best
interests of all thbe people of South
Carolina.
I need not assure you that no
greater pride is mine than lies in the
fact that I was elected to this office
by South Carolina Democrats from
every county and from almost every.
precinct of our State. Our fellow
Detnocrats of South C arolina came
together as brethren, aind this can
have but one meaning-a deep and
holy meaning-which cannot possibly
angur other than the best, truest and
highest things of our dear old State.
I aski you all, each and every one of
you, to stand by me in the adminis
tration of the high duties of this
oficee even as you have manifested
this spirit by your votemi. I need
your holy and your confidence now
more than ever before, and I pray
you all to let our common labors of
love and devotion as bret heron bury
forever factionalism in South Caroli
na.
Political condition in onlr State
are such that we can look to the
future with every degree of confi
dence and encouragement. Racial
problems, which have sorely beset
anid hindered us in t hripast, have dur.
ing the last decade reached snch so
lutions as will go far towards ad.
vancing the interests of both races.
Our white citizens are-as they
should be-in undisputed possession
of every department of our State,
cntyn and munniia government.
)'S INAUGURAL.
the Capital of the State.
TICAL ADDRESS.
SIBILITY TO THE NEGRO-AGRICULTURAL
3B STATE'S RESOURCES-AN IMMIGRA
MI' LANDS-PROTBCTION OF FORESTS
ON OF TRUSTS-NECESSITY OF
ORCEMENT OF DISPENSARY LAW
GOOD ROADS-PURE FOOD
HE STATE'S FINANCES.
While this naturally gives us great
cause for rejoicing, it should at the
same time make us deeply sensible
of the fact that it is incumbent upon
us to enact and to so administer laws
when enacted, that the humblest
citizens-be they white or black
can look to those laws for the pro
tection of life, liberty and property.
It is only by acting in this spirit,
and under the Divine guidance of
Him who holds us all, State and na.
tion, in the hollow of His hand, that
the great problem which confronts
the people of the South, and espe
cially the people of South Carolina,
can be rightly and finally solved.
Gradually the colored man is
awakening to the fact that the white
man of the South whose land be tills,
and from whom in various ways he
derives his entire livelihood, is at
Last his best and truest friend; and
instead of seeking to attain political
office he is now devoting himself to
those occupations for which by nature
he is most fitted, and in the pursuit of
which alone he can advance his own
material interests, and in so doing
the best interests of his State.
In connection with this political
condition it is fully as significant
and quite as gratifying to add that
our industrial conditions were never
so satisfactory as they are today.
In agriculture, and especially in
manufactures, South Carolina has
taken such strides that the- attention
of the outside world is upon us.
While we can corigratulate ourselves
upon this--however, remembering
that there is still so much to be done
-we cannot afford to rest here.
South Carolina, though one of the
original thirteen States, has fully
one-half of its great resources yet
undeveloped.
No one doubts the truth of the
statement that the general prosperity
of a State is dependent primarily
upon its farming interests, which
establishes the fact that a govern.
mnent should, in every way possible,
foster and protect this greatest of all
industries. The steady, persistent
work of the farmer is not blazoned
forth to the world in meaningless
flattery, but the results of this faith
ful labor most forcibly gives its own
speech to the universe. The total
value of the cotton crop alone tells
of the mighty business interest--one
of the greatest in the world. The
tob)acco crop of South Carolina,
financially considered, means how
many millions of pounds and some
millions of dollars. The great ag
gregate value of some of our field
crops shows the mighty strength and
influence for which it stands, not
only in dollars and cents, but in the
greater necessities of human life
andl existence, which are supplied
from this source, and from this source
alone. And, my countrymen, great.
est of all, here is the homie-the
countless homes-thousands and
thousands of which are scattered~
over our fertile fields. These home
builders and home sustainers, each
in his own quiet way, are sending
forth to the world influences that
are to be seesd for the, sower and
bread for the eater for ages to come,
even as they have been through past
years of faithful toil. I am glad to
notice that scientific aidl to the farmer
now commands the attention of our
National Government. We of South
Carolina should do this just as far
as may be practicab)le Clemson
College stands now fully equipped
and flourishin;g, as the nucleus for
even broader and more diversified
work, and thus for greater results.
Our industrial development, too,
shows tremendotis arid otriking ad
vance when we briefly consider the
figures shown in ou nnmanufacnurin
institutions. The establishment of
a million dollar cotton mill, upon
safe and sure lines, is no longer an
uncommon occurrence in SouthCaro
lina. After the war we were deso.
lated-no one thought of manufac
tories. Some ye:,s later we made a
feeble beginning. Without going
into detail now, for this is unneces
sary, it needs only to be stated that
South Carolina-always in the fore
front--has here made a most won
derful record. She now stands sec
cond highest in these United States in
the value of her cotton mill industry,
with a ratio of increase second to none.
To the men who have made this mag
nificent record we owe much. This
is due to the presidents and offi
cers whose ability and whose money
have made this achievement, and
also to the operatives whose
time and whose skill have accom
plished what these alone could do.
The great captains of this industry
have permanently ana upon the finest
basis established their reputations,
and in so doing the reputation of
their State also, in this modern and
progressive work.
In a brief survey of general con
ditions-for it is not expedient to
attempt more now-again is there
reason for congratulation. Nature's
gifts to us have been of bounteous
bestowal in every respect. Almost
every crop can be grown here be
cause of our fertile fields and superb
climate. In quantity and variety of
valuable timber we have no superior,
but our fast disappearing forests
should, not only because of their in
creasing intrinsic worth, but for the
all important reasons which are in
cluded iu their acting as agents in
modifying the surface of the earth,
and in checking the destructive forces
of nature, at once receive the utmost
care and consideration of our law
makers, and steps should be taken
looking to their preservation. For
stock raising, again, our lands and
climate leave nothing to be desired,
and this industry well deserves our
most careful attention. We have
wealth in minerals, from the granite
foundations of our hills and the
phosphatic deposits of our lower
rivers, to the richest and best pro
ducing gold mines east of the Rocky
Mountains. The abundant water
power of South Carolina, diverted
from quenching the thirst of wild
and domestic animals, is now turn
ing thousands of factory wheels and
spindles, with the power for thou
sands of more. Surely these are
good reasons why prospective home
seekers should desire authentic and
detailed information concerning this
favored land. In this direct connec
tion, would it not be well to look
into the advisability of having an
Immigration Commission or Bureau,
to give oficial and accurate informa
tion to those seeking such knowledge ?
I know of no better '-ay of advertis
ing these great advantages than
through expositions. The World's
Fair, to be held next year at St.
Loums, will afford an excellent occa
sion for the display of the resources
of our State, and I trust that the
General Assembly will carefully look
into the merits of this opportunity,
and see to it that South Carolina is
properly represented. The cost in
volved will be comparatively small
the benefits to be derived cannot be
estimated.
Referring again to political condi
tions, it might be said that the cam
paign of last Hummer was remark
kble in that it was almost devoid of
issues, those seeking the suffrages of
their fellow citizens confining them
selves to-an.endorsement of questions
looking -to the enlightment of the
people, the material upbuilding of
our State and the development of its
resources. The campaign certainaly
developed the fact, I am glad to say,
that u.pon all fundamental principles
our people are agreed. In view ->f
this, and also of the fact that the
State, asi I bave already said, is ad
vancing in every way, its people liv
ing in contentment, the farmers hay
ing harvested satisfactory crops, our
business interests being on a sound
basis, new enterprises b)eing under
taken each year, giving employment
to labor, and adding to our general
prosperity, I deem it best for.u not
to attempt the consideration of any
new measures which might be cal.
culated to disturb existing conditions.
Rather should we discuss and give
our attention to matters, the pro per
solution of which must inevitably
add to our general welfare.
Prominent in scope and meaning
for any people, and especially for the
whites of South Carolina, should be
the great subject of education. On
such an occasion as this only the
most important points can be touched
upon-important details having of
necessity to be omitted. A com
monwealth can have no greater
source of pride, no greater glory and
no surer guarantee of the stability
of its institutions, than is afforded
by an educated and enlightened citi
zenship. The education of a people
should be measured by its breadth
its diffusion among the masses. It
should not be confined to certain
classes, but universal in its benefits,
it should be common to all. The
education of the children of South
Carolina-of each and every child in
South Carolina-their being taught
in a systematic manner, with school
terms long enough to be beneficial,
within neat and comfortable school
houses, deriving instruction from
competent and God-fearing teachers
-this should be a subject near to
the hearts of those in whose hands
are placed the control and regulation
of our government.
Here a serious problem confronts
the wl ite people of our State. Ae
cording to the reports of the Super.
intendent of Education for several
years past, it is shown that more
negro children than whites are at.
tending our public schools. Do our
white people realize what this means
for the future? Do they realize that
if they allow their children to grow
up in ignorance, the Constitution of
their State-a Constitution of their
own making and adoption-will,
later on, deny the ballot to their
sons? Such a catastrophe is against
all of our traditions, and it can and
must be prevented by an awakening
among our people to the exigencies
of the situation, and a firm deter
mination on their part to remedy it.
If necessary, any sacrifice should be
made on the part of parents in order
that their children might take ad
vantage of the educational facilities
afforded them by the State.
The Constitution of our State, re.
cognizing the fact that our entire
educational system is founded upon
the common schools, has undertaken
to "provide a liberal system of free
public schools for all children be.i
tween the ages of six and twenty
one." There is no more important I
consideration before the people of<
South Carolina than is coutained ia i
this clause of the Constitution. Ii<
has a meaning all its own-a moan.
ing for which there can be no sub
stitute, and it commands and should I
receive the hearty and undlivided
sanction of us all. Let there be the
best common schools we can afford
in every community and district, I
with well built school houses, longer I
school terms, completent and1 better
paid teachers, and in the work thus<
done, our State will reap a rich re-.
ward.
The framers of our organic law, I
realizing that wealthy and pop)ulousH I
communities could p)rovide schoolh
for themselves, while poorer anid<
more thinly settled dlistricts were-not
so fortunate, have made it the duty
of the General An;sembly to supple
ment the school funds of the latter,
in order that all the children of the
State may have an equal opportunity
to acquire somewhat more than t he
rudiments of an education.
For years the State has fosteredi
its higher mnstitutions of learning,
and my influnence shall always be eIx
ertoed t.o see that this is continued.
The increased care an<d attentio'n
givedi to our common school system,
in years to comle, will prove of in
calculable value to all of our higher
institutions of learning. In Win
throp, Clemson, South, Carolina Col
lege and the Citadel Academy--a
royal galaxy-South Carolina has
much cause for pride, for these in
stitutions in their equipment and
managoment are well worthy to he
looked upon with pride hy the pna
ple of any State. Our comprehensive
system of education is, also, I am
glad to say, admirably assisted and
made more complete by the faithful
work annually accomplished in the
various denominational colleges of
our State.
While it is true that one of the
greatest diflculties we have had to
contend with in the development of
the State has been our lack of capi
tal, and while we should by legisla
tion and other means encourage out
side capital to come into the State,
and assist in building up our indus.
tries and developing our resources,
and in coming should make it feel
atssured that it will receive every pro.
teetion that it can rightfully claim,
still capital should be muade to under.
stand that it is welcome only when
it comes for the purpose of earning
its legitimate interest in a fair and
legitimate manner. We should have
it understood t.at it cannot seek
through groat combinations and by
ver capitalization to create monopo
lies by menus of which it can stifle
ompetition, paralyze individual of
fort, reduce wages, and control prices
:o the detriment of the public.
It. is true that great industrial com
.)inations and powerful corporations
tie the order of the day, and have
>ocomo lixtures in the business life
>f the country, capable of wielding
in immense power for good or for
wil. Through skilled munagenient,
mttd possessi)g the ability to open
ip wider markets for the sale of
heir products, they are capable of
loing much good; nevertheless, the
act remains that, as usually con
luctod, their tendency is decidedly
iarmful to the best interests of the
-ountry, and their proper regulation
td control through legislation is
)ne of the greatest problems which
oday confronts our law-makers both
'tate and Fedral.
A large majority of C o States
Iave enacted laws deihning monopo
ies and seeking to prevent their form
ition, and Congress has likewise
aassed anti trust legislation, yet the
mubject is so complex and informa
ion upon which to base action so
liflicult to obtain--none of the laws
)roviding sufliciently for the secur
ng of information-that the ten
loncy towards centralization of
vealth, and combinations in trade
langerous to the public, are becom
ng more and more marked each
rear.
In this State we have a const.itu
.ional article giving to the General
issembly the p)ower to enact laws to
>revent trusts, combinations, etc.
md to provide penalties "to the ex
ent, if nie.essary for that purpose,
>f forfeiture of their franchises,"' and1
ni I897 an Act was passed carrying
mt the provisions of this article.
rhis Act, being deemed dlefective anmd
iot far-reaching enough by the At.
orney General, at the'last nonsion of
he General Assembly another Act
vas5 passed, ammendatory in its nature,
Lnud going nearer to the root of the
rouble. Power was also given to
hie Attorney Genieral to scurie to
imonly in relation to t he violation
>f those Acts, arid it is to be0 hoped
hat this legislation will be found
uiicient to Protect the interests of
lhe peop) firomi oppressionl by comn
>ined0( capital. If niot, it. is the dIuty
>f the General Assembly to amenid
mr laws upon this subject from time
o tim as0 1 t he necessities of thle case
nay domuland, wvith a view always to
ive to capital all its legal p)rivi leges,
11nd to rest rict in no0 way in nocent
associationils anionig Oil ri Yej{ zoi, and
rot. to 5ee t hat corporat ions, to whichi
t hias gi von life, and clo thed w thl
r(reat powers, use those powers for
,bo botterment and riot to thle dlotri
unet of the masses of t lie peop,le, to
protect whom is the tirst dnly of all
oevernmnents.
Tboeo has lbeen considlerall dis
masston thronghout thle State duiring
~he pa'.t few years in regard1 to the
amployment of children in onur tex
bile manufaodories, aind upon several
)ccaisioris il ls fo rbidd inrg thleir om1
ployment have been i ntrodlucedl in
t he General Assembly, but hlave failed
of passage. This is 0on0 or those
questions which will not b)0 sett,led
until it is rightly settled, and the
civilizationi of today egard. such
employment of childre, no matter
how favorable the conditions may be,
as an evil, and one which is a In
nace to the future of our State. In
my judgment, the General Assembly
should pass a law prohibiting their
employment, but. in doing so time
should be given for both manufac
turers and operatives to adjust them
selves to changed conditions. This
can be done by making prohibition
to take effect, gradually with respect
to the ages of the childron.
It is cortain in this question that
what appears to be conflicting inter
ests, are here involved Under those
circumstances the rights of all par.
ties concerned should be most care
fully considered, and a just and equi.
table adjustment--after full ind
generous discussion--will reveal that,
to a great extent, these apparently
diverse interests have much inl corn.
mon. Any radical or sudden change
would inovitably work Iiardship upon
the interests of all concerned, which
can and should be avoided. The end
to he obtained is the good of all con
corned, and this should b) borne in
muind ats the considerationl which
should receive our most, careful at
tention. I am unwilling, however,
to see any child in our State deprived
even for a tinu of educational ad
vantages, and this fact, it Heems to
me, deserves to he carefully borne
in mind in legislat iug u1)01 this qles
tion. For older childron, not to he
affected by any proposed law, a night
school should be arranged, if possi
ble. Advantages h1itherto denied
them would thus be given to a cor
tain extent, at least, and opporl uni
ties would he placed within the rean'h
of tliose who are in earnest in their
desire to receive ain education.
As governor of South Carolina, it
is my solemn duty to OeO that all of
the laws of our State are always and
everywhere enforced. For -nany roa
s118 it is host to emphasizo this
where the Dispensary Law is con
corned. This law is now upon our
Statute Books, and has t ie enilorse
mont of a majority of our p'ople,
and it is the duty of all law ab(iding
citizens to give tlhat. same1' obedVien'e
to this law which they give to all
others. Iln the discharge of t he
dutios which may hero devolvo upon
me, I shall recognize the obligat ions
which are mine, and shll expect and
dopond ulpon1 the public spirit of all
law abiding people to sustain I me,
and I feel sure that they witl do so.
In the past few years, I am glad
to say, miuch of the frict ion formerly
attaching to this law has disrappeared.
I amri aware of the fact, hiowever, that
in certraini localities it, may he very
hard to sustairn illegal t raflic in
Ilquor, and to p)revenrt the viol ati or
of this law; nevertheless, 1 shall seek
to uphold t ho lawv, arnd to carry) out
its provisions wit hiout favor to any)
locality in any part of orur State.
T1hie detailIs of thle D)ispenisary 1 Imw
are farmiliiiar to all of ou r cit.iz'onts,
brut. perhaps its necessary di licult I ies
are riot. generally uindelrst ood nor
p)roperly apprtciat ed. The local au
thoritit's have a large share of the
respor(iisibhilit its i r vol ved, and wvithI
their co-opetrat ion I shall hope for
such adriiriistrationr of this law as
shall corn rnari(d thre respect of all ja.
triot ic citi.tons.
It is exceed inugly grat ifyinrg to
k now that our (Genieral Asserrbly hias,
with piropo iappl I reciantion, sIro wni thait
wte OWe a great arnd lasting dehbt of
gratitude to the Confederate soldit'r.
Most of t hese survivinrg heroes, I re
jt)ice to say, have rno nietd for aid.
TIhe re are ot hers, however, who hb'
cruise of wvoiunds recei ved irn battle,
defending their country, antd on ac
count of age and( failing t rengt h
nee~td from us now loving retourns for
lie services they gave nrs in the days
of their peerless 1(and tronig young
manhood. T1hiese heroes of our own
Sout hIand -men , as you monument
says:
''Whom power couldl not corirupt,
Whom death could not ter-rify,
Whom defeat could not dlishonlor"
these men gavt) to thle world exam
plea of patriot isms which will l ivo for
ever. Anrd in our bioarts-wo foi
whom t hey at ruggled-their memo11
rios antd the glorious heritage they
bequeathed to us, will be more deep
ly ohorished year by year, beause. oa
their valor and their patriotism.
Let South Carolina, their own State,
see to it always, that tenderly and
with truest affection, these gray
knights of the Southern Confederacy
are given some return, at least, for
the service they gave to their State.
It has been said that there are
three things which make a State
great--"fertile lands, busy work
shops and easy lines of transporta
tion." The Almighty has blessed us
in South Carolina with a fertile soil.
We have been giving ourselves etc'h
year, as I have already shown, busy
workshops, and it now remains for
us to pay more attention to those
lines of transportation which are as
indispensable to the comfort and con
venience of every class of our people
as they are to our industrial and
commercial life.
Good Road Conventions at various
tiues have recently been held in our
State, and there seem to have been
an awakening of interest among our
people opon this subject, as is eviden
cod by the fact that sonie of onr
counties are actively at work im
proving the condition of their high
ways, I fool sure that our General
Assembly will give to this subject, all
the attention it deserves, and will,
tlbrough wise legislation, enable our
different counties to provide practi
cal aolution or this problemtt so vital
to their welfare.
Another <iuostion beforo our peo
plo alt bough it is often lost sight. of
is, the drainage of ourswamp and
low lands. This is an important
qunesttiont not only to one section of
our State but to every section. In
190, an amendment to the Conati
tut ion was submitted to the people
of tho State, by whom it was adopted,
making it mandatory upon the (en
oral Assembly to provide by law for
the condemnation, through official
channels, of all lands necessary for
the proper drainage of our swamp
and low lands, and also for the equit
able asseasnient of all lands so
drained for the purpose of paying
for such condemnuation and drainage.
Nothing has yet been done, and, in
my judgmoent, this amendmerit should
not be overlooked. Appropriations
nmlounting to several millions of dol
larH have been made by the'National
G' vernment. for reelaiming by irri
gation arid lands of t he W at. If
it will pay to expond millions for the
irrigation of deserts in the West,
surely it is well worth the attention
of oulr low-makers, wvit hou"t. perman
rit. ox pense to the State, to, take
at eps to drain lands as fertile ats can
be0 found anywhere, and which, in
thei r present condition are not only
valueless, huit are a standing mlena(*e
to thbe health of South Carolina. Ad
dlitionial impihortanuce attaches to this
subjet, whlen we remember these
now useless lands comprise fully one
fifthi of the area of our Stato.
While considering sub)jects of gon
oral wvel fare to our State, it woul be
well for us to give attention to the
irmportaition atnd sale of adaulteratted
and( iro n foodh producrits. (O her
p'ogressivye States give the great est
attert ion to this impllort ant question,
which we canmnot afford to let pass
withoiu t duo1( conside1ration. It is
wvell1 to see that wvhen our people pay
thei r rmoniey for pure food that they
shoul 1d halve thIiis, anid niot such ad ulI
toratirins as are dol1 terious to thiei r
hiealthI.
TJh,e qu testioni of Bi ennrial Sessnions
nha1 been mouch d iscuissed for t he piast
few years, andl, ail though thiey hiave
b eern faivoredl hv at mai1jority3 of the
(Gen1e'rat Assembly13, as yet two thlirds
of thle memblers have not cornsento(d,
and( hence at consHtitut iornal amenid
meont p)rovidinig for thiemi has riot
been submrittod to thle pecople. In
rmy j udgmen t, were such an aimenid
merit submiitted, it would be adopted,
whiich I cannot but believe woulId 1be
to the interest of the State. Very
few of the States of thle Union now
have t heir Legislatures meet annu
ally, aimd I knrow of nio condition
p)eculiar to South C relhna which
necesusit ates our's doirng so.
I c'arnnot 0 ccide wvit hout saying
a wcrd1 ablout our liriancos. While
the bonded0( debt of the State is comn
paraitively small, and its credit well
malintainled, as evidenced by thle pro.
......Cn lfdedf omrn g m for\

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