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ESTABLISHED 1865. E 1 e.
-- A LLIE 1865 N W R y, S. C., TUESDAY , JANUARY 27, 1903T I EAWU.~.OAY A
TO SAVE CHARLESTON
WORK OF CHARLESTON'S DBLBGATIOi
Mayor Smyth, Editor Hemphill and Mr.
Tobias Appear Before the Senate Com
mittee on Commerce to Protest
Against the Confirmation of
Crum as Collector.
(Special to News and Courier.)
Washington, January 22.-Mayor
Smyth, Mr. Hemphill and Mr. Tobias,
constituting the committee to pro
test against the confirmation of
Crum's appointment as collector of
Charleston, was given a hearing be
fore the Senate commerce committee
at 3 o'clock this afternoon.
Senator Tillman accompanied tl4e
Charleston delegation and acted as
chief spokesman in their behalf. He
made a clear, concise and what ought
to be a conclusive statement on the
subject. He spoke first of Dr. Crum's
alleged lack of political integrity at
the Minneapolis convention, and road
a certain statement to the committee
and offered evidence that would
prove that he had not been faithful
in his allegiance to the party. Sena
tor Tillman next contended that Dr.
Crum was not engaged in business or
commercial pursuits, and had no ex
perience in such affairs, and that his
capacity to learn the duties of the
office were exceedingly doubtful, and
the people he represented were not
engaged in such business as would
bring them into relations with the
custom house; that all of the com
mercial bodies of Charleston were
opposed to Crum's appointment on
these grounds, and that such an ap
pointment would not be made any
where but in the South.
Senator Tillman thou spoke of the
nature of public offices and the mean
ing of the constitutional requirement
that persons appointed to places in
the government service must be se
looted with thp advice and consent of
the Senate. The purpose of such a
requirement being that Federal office
holders should be is harmony with
the interests and sentiments of the
people whom they would represent
and serve. Such offices could not
legitimately be used as personal re
wards or political bribes.
Senator Tillman concluded with a
very capital statement of the ill.
effects of the appointment of such
men as Crum in such communities
as Charleston and such parts of the
country as the Southern States, and
said that it would result, only and
surely, in the revival of race antago
nism, which had happily been dis
appearing-since the overthrow of the
*Reconstruction government and the
'e.arpet-baggers," and would end in
friction between the races, injury to
both the whites and the blacks, and
the destruction of most interests and
friendly relations which had been
developed during the last twenty
five years after the end of negro domi
Whatever the political conditions
which made such appomntments pos.
sible, the senator was perfectly frank
in saying that all the best interests
of both races made the supremacy of
the white people necessary, and uin
der no conceivable conditions would
the time ever come in the Senate
when-it would be defensible to "open
the door of opportunity" to the ex
istence of political conditions as they
were in the day of the "carpet-bag
Senator Tiliman added that he had
been requested by the Gen,erail As
tiembly of Sou1th Carolina to protest
ini its bebalf against thn couifirmai
tion of Dr. Cram, lie wvas so per
fectly reasonable in his preseuntationi
of the case to the committee that the
committee was impressed hy the facts
spread liefore them.
Senator Till man thlen introduced
Mayor Smyth to the committee.
Senator Frye asked Mfayor Smyth
if he had anything to adId to Senator
Tillman's presentation of the matter.
MAYOR SMYTHI's ARoUMENT.
The Mayor said he desired to em
phasize the point that Dr. Crum was
nominated solely because he was a
colored man and not because he
tion, training or experience to fill the
important position to which he had
been appointed. He was a physi
cian of only moderate education and
limited practice. No white physician
of similar ability or experience would
stand the slightest chance of being
wade-collector by the President. Dr.
Cruni's only claim was that he was
a colored man, and for this reason
alone he was forced upon a commu
nity whose entire business interests
were antagonistic to him and pro.
tested against his appointment be
cause of his unfitness and want of
business experience. The Chamber
of Commerce, the Cotton Exchange,
the Merchants' Exchange, the Young
Men's Business League, the Com.
mercial Club and the City Council
had written through their presidents
and the mayor 'their unqualified
opinion that the appointment of Dr.
Crum would be injurious to the busi
ness interests of Charleston. It was
stated that this unanimous opposi.
tion to Dr. Crum was because he was
a colored man. The fact was that it
was only because he was a 'colored
man that he had received this ap
pointment' Had he been a white
man with same qualifications Dr.
Crum possessed the President never
would have considered him for a
NEGROES NOT BUSINEsS MEN.
Among the papers submitted by
Senator Tillman was a sworn state
ment of the city assessor of Charles
ton. It showed that only thirty-one
colored citizens of Charleston took
out licenses in 1902 to do business
and paid licenses amounting to
$1,075, against $83,610 paid by the
white people. Not a single one of
these thirty-one colored merchants
conducted a business that would ever
bring them into contact with the
custom house. The entire imports
of Charleston, which amounted in
1902 to $1,775,141, larger than those
of Savannah, Wilmington, Bruns
wick, Norfolk and Portsmouth com
bined, were brought in by the white
merchants, and they alone had busi.
ness connections with the United
In other places the President
seemed willing to consider the wishes
and interests of the business commu
nity and was glad to be called the
business men's President. Charles
ton seemed to be a striking exception
to this rule.
NO MORE NEGRO RULE.
Mayor Smyth agreed very heartily
with Senator Tillman that such ap.
pointmg~pts as Dr. Cram's would in
jure instead of helping the negro,
as it would stir up afresh the race
antagonism that had nearly died out
during the last twenty five years. it
would tend to make the negroes ag
gressive, and that would be surely
resented by the white people, who,
remembering the days of reconstruc
tion, would never submit again to
anything like negro authority.
-After Mayor Smyth concluded Mr.
Hlemphill made .a brief statement
and read to the committee the fol
lowing from his letter to the Presi
"There are three objections to Dr.
"First. He is a colored man, and
that in itself ought to bar him from
the office, lHe would not be selected
for suon a position in any Northern
city. There is no reason, but his
color, why hie should be selected for
the oflice at Charleston. He could
represent noihing but his color and
race. H-is peiopl.i are not engaged
in coml)mercial affairs. They wvould
not come in contact with him.
Ninety nine anid a half per centl. of
those who would have business with
him wvould he wvhite people. Would
it be good policy for the Presijden,t to^
appoinit a mann to this office who would
be obnoxiouis to almost the entire'
busin,ess community having relations
with the office? What possible gain
could such an appointment be to the
public service? Ought the exigen
cies of partisan politics, or the de
monstation of an ethnological theo-|
rem control in the settlement of a
practical question ?
Second. Dr. Crum is not engaged
in any commercial pursuit. He has
never had any training tha woul
fit him for such an office. His is
person non grata to the business men
of.the city and State and South do
ing busines through this port. He
has no proved administrative ability.
He is ignorant of commercial affairs.
"Third. Dr. Crum does not repre.
sent the tax paying, property-hold
ing citizens of the community or
State. His appointment would serve
no purpose whatever, except the'
elevation of a colored citizen to a
position in the government service
for which he has no qualification,
representing in himself no political'
belief that is not. better represented
by other men in his party.
"I have no doubt that you 'heard
very well of him' during your visit
to Charleston, and probably the per
sons who spoke to you pleasantly of
Dr. Crum were white men and Demo
crats. I think that he is a respec
table citizen; no better, nor worse
probably, than a hundred other col
ored men in Charleston, and yet not
in any way fitted for the position of
collector. Charleston enjoys the dis.
tinction of treating the colored peo
ple better than any other place in
the country. On one of his visits to
this city Booker Washington told me
that the negro was well treated here.
That is no reason, however, in my
opinion, why the white people who
are considerate of him should be
punished for their kindly disposition
DR. CRUM's COUNSEL.
Dr. Crum was represented by ex
Governor Pinchback, of Louisiana,
and a colored Washington lawyer
named McKinley, who formerly lived
in Charleston. Pinchback testified
in a written communication to Crum's
good character, ability and high
honor. He declared that the story
of Crum's treachery at Minneapolis
was not true and supplemenled his
written communication with testi
mony as to his long personal ac
quaintance with Crum and his high
sense of honor.
McKinley, in eulogy of Crum, and
in proof of his fitness for the office
of collector, referred to an editorial
article from The News and Courier
of January 4, 1902.
A BOOMERANG FOR CRUM.
He was interrupted by Mr. Hemp
hill, who produced the article and
read it, as follows:
"At the meeting of the board of
directors of the Expositior. Company
on Monday night the following re
port was made by Vice President
Welch and Director General Averill
and placed on record in the proceed
ings of the board:
"'We respectfully report that,
upon the invitation of Dr. Crum, as
sistant ,commissioner of the negro
department, and 'under the resolu
tion of the board, who paid an offi
cial visit to the negro bmilding on
the morning of January 1, and that,
in company with Dr. Crum and a
sub committee from the negro execu
tive committee, we inspected the ex
hibits of tI'.t department. We found
the building well filled with exhibits
of a most creditable nature, and beg
to report that Dr. Crum and his as
sociates have done their work in a
most thorough manner, and that the
thanks of the board are due them for
the way in which they have displayed
the possibilities of the negro race
through the exhibits in that depart
"It was to be expected, of conrse,
that the negro exhibit at the Exposi
tion in Charleston would be the most
attractive aned suggestive that has
ever been made by the m'egroes of
this country, and the expectat ion isa
been fully realized. There is no
place ini the United States, as Booker
Washington said in a recent address,
where the negro is more fairly treated
and none wvhere hie has such oppor
tunity for the dlevelopment of the
best that is in him. The line be
tween the races is very clearly de
fined in Charleston, as it~ ought to
be, but hern the negro has been
treated always with consideration.
Now and then, here and there, an
ambitious politician or an indiscreet
minister has attempted to affect the
conditions, but the gveat mass of the
people of both races have lived within
their appointed Bpheres and increa
the friendly relations which have ob
tained between the races in this city.
In the conditions, therefore, it was
certain that the negroes would make
good use of the opportunity present
ed at the Exposition for a creditable
exhibit of the progress the race has
made since it was set free.
But without the intelligent direc
tion and active work of W. D. Crum,
the assistant chairman of the negro
department, the efforts of the negroes
would not have been nearly so sue
cessful. He is entitled not only to
the credit for the success of the de
monstration on Emancipation Day,
but for a large share in the work
which has been done by the negro
department. It is a pleasure to be
able to say this much and to give
honor where honor is due."
Mr. Hempl.ill said that the com
munity of Charleston was willing to
stand by that statement still.
The committee was evidently not
impressed with the bearing of this
article upon Crum's fitness for the
office of collector.
The committee received the Char
leston delegation most courteously
and listened to the case as-presented
by them with much interest.
The committee postponed further
consideration of the matter until
Mayor Smyth and the members of
his delegation are loud in their praise
of the temperate and strong presenta
'tion of the case by Senator Tillman.
Lesson for a Boy.
I had overheard a conversation be
tween Karl and his mother. She
had work for him to do, which in
terfered with some of his plans or
enjoyment, and, though Karl obeyed
her, it was not without a good deal
of grumbling. He had much to say
about never being allowed to do as
he pleased, and it would be time
enough for him to settle down to
work when he was older. While the
sense of injury was strong upon him,
I came out on the piazza beside him
and said, "Karl, why do you try to
break that colt of yours?"
The boy looked urin surprise.
"Why, I want him to be good for
"But he likes his own way," I ob
jected. "Why shouldn't he have it?"
By this time Karl was staring at
me in perplexity. "I'd like to know
the good of a horse that always ha
his own way!" he said, as if rather
indignant at my lack of common
"And as for working,"' I went on,
"I should think there was time
enough for that when he gets to be
an old horse."~
"Why, don't you see, if he doesn't
learn when lhe's colt-" Karl began.
Then he stopped. blushed at me
rather appealingly. I heard no
more complaints from him that day.
On new year's eve a (aozen young
women of the best families in Newv
Hartford, Conn., formed a s3elf-im
provement 'lub for 190O3 witL the
We will use nio slang.
We will not swear.
We will not lose our tempers.
We nill not gossip or say moan
things about folks.
'We will- not fidget, fret or fuss so
as to disturb others.
We wvill not let a day pass without
dloinig something to maike somebody
We will not laugh at the mistakes
We will niot handlle the truth care
WVe wvill not say anuythiing to make
The penalty for breaking any, of
these resolutions was set~ at 1 cent
for each violation, the aconmulated
fines to b)e used at the endi of thne year
for some charitable purpos4e. One
young woman has paidl into the treas.
ury during the first nine (lays of the
new year (65 cents, while two otheri
are not far behind her.-Baltimor4
HAD NEGRO GUESTS.
SOUTHERN PEOPLE LEFT THE WHITE
HOUSE IN SHAME WHEN NEGROES
Superlative Indignation Expressed In
Washington Down the Line of Guests
in Waiting Negroes-Their Faces
Suffused with Smiles- Beamed
on Blushlug Women.
[By Milt Saul to Atlanta Journal.)
Washington, D. U., Jan. 23.
Southerners who attended the re
ception at the white house last night
fairly boiled over with indignation
when they encountered two negro men
and three negro women, all in eve.
ning clothes, among the guests who
had assembled to greet the judiciary
at the invitation of President Roose.
As soon as they realized the situa
tion, the southerners with their wives
withdrew from the reception and to.
day their indlignationl is expresse<l
in most emphatic terms all over
The negroes who were accorded
social equality by Roosevelt were
Judson Lyons and his wife, of Au.
gusta, Ga.; John L. Dancey, his
wife, and another negro who came as
The resentment which arose over
the Booker Washington dinner is
but a ripple compared to that which
rages in Washington as a result of
the incident last night at the dinner
party. Only the president was
thrown in the company of a negro at
the Washipton dinner, but last night
hundreds of his guests whose in.
stinets and breeding have held them
above social intercourse with the
negro were forced to stand in line
behind them and then to stand side
by side with them in the densely
crowded east room after shaking
hands with the president.
FIRST TIME IN HIsTony.
It is the first time in the history of
the white house that a negro woman
has accepted an invitation as a guest.
Since the incident follows so close on
the heels of th, storm which follcwod
the president's appointment of the
negro Crum at Charleston and his
defense of the negro postmaster at
Indianolo, Minnie Cox, there are
many who are ready to believe the
whole affair was deliberately planned
as a rebuke to those southerners who
have criticised the president's evi
dent affection for the negro.
The negroes were among the first
to reach the president's receiving
party after the mlemb)ers of the ju.
diciory had shlaken 1his hand. In
tile receiving party were Mrs. Roose
velt and the president's daughter,
Miss Alice Roosevelt.
Dancy was the first of the negroes
to grasp Roosevelt's hand. The two
bowed as they clasped hands and
then the president extended his
"I am delighted to meet you to
night, Mr. D)ancy."
Tihen caime tile negro womlen, who
got tile same greetings and( aft<er
them came Lyons, who pauise.l for a
moment or t.wo. '1nd carried on a
conversationr with Roosevelt.
in the meantime the negroes
ahead of him had passed on down
he receiving 11ine and were bowmng
and1( smiling at the ladies in line.
LAi)E5 'TURN THIElIU FACEs.
Several ladies, it must, ho0 said,
turr"d asidle and wvold not notice
Lyons' HOOri followed and( joined
his party in the east room, where
nlearly a t housand guests were as
TIhe negroos h)etook( themselves to
a conspicuous corner and remained
to themselves for tihe rmiiaindie r of
A mong thle othm'r gnieHts the14 storml
n as b'rewin. as the negroes wvere
marching do'wni the li ne toward tile
One southern congressman, who
hado his wife and( daiulghiter with him,
observed the b'lacks aheadW of him.
Hie left thle line wit hi the ladies, hnr
ried to thle (loak roomi, andl after se
enring their wraps, left the p)lace.
Others followed them rapidly until
two score or more had withdlrawni
To those who stayed, the presence
of the negroes seemed to act as a
damper and the reception was no.
ticeably flat and devoid of the usual
animation and pleasurable excite.
soME Ni' T""Eli COMMENT
Senator (-armack, of Tennessee,
when asked today for an expression
on the incident, said:
"My remarks would be unfit for
Senator Pettus, of Alabatu, de
olared the Presdent, had made the
blunder of all bluncders.
Senator Tillman, of South Caro
ina, had to think hard of words to
xpress his opinion. I-o said
"A negro at. the white ol 'use is
ike a fly in a pan of milk. The
iorthren people may drink it. if they
>lease, but (ht soit horin people will
The majority sothtiernors will
lot talk for pubhlention, preferring
o treat the tmatter in silett con
But they unite in oxpressng ex
rome disgust. in privato.
SKTTCIlIiS BY EX-CONFI).
Ic Writes of People of Ante-ellui
The subject of this sketch, Henry
lurton, lived at the old Burton hioue
tead about one rile from Longshore.
Sr. Burton was born in 1817 and
lied in 1872--nearly 51S years. IHis
neestors came to South Carolina
rom Virginia and my impression is
bat, his mother was a Douglass.
'ie family was of English origin.
dIl the Bur"totis loved gool horses
nd dogs, and Mr. Burton was no
xception tc the rule. He kept a
ack of fox hounds as well as a good
possUn and turkey dog. He was a
ard working man in his young man
o0d, but having secured a large
roperty he took life easy, and had a
od time hunting and fishing, &c.,
lthough hie always retained a lively
uterost in everything that portained
o the good of iis cotnm1nity. lie
was very wealthy, owning 6 r
cres of land and hundred.
laves. He was a ve
ran, and I () not bhli,'ve It w<
man ever went, to him for assisth ;e
nd was t urre<l away empty handed.
)f course mary took advantage of
lis gener osity awrl the result wr s
hat after tho war he had as lot, of
ecurity money to pay. lFrom 1865
o 1872 he had taken up soenrity
notes amnountinig to $30,()00, anid
Lfter his death hris excutors paid
mut large amiounits onr account of so
mirity nrot es. Still, whon hriis estate
vas finially settled up Ire left a nrice
manded estate to hris widow atid chil
Mr. Bturton was of medi um hreighrt
mtt wasI a very strong itin. lie was
tiways frill of' fn inat'l frolie, anrd
'ou w~ould always find irno ii a lively
rowd tellIinrg andI enjoy inrg jokes, bumt
never know hrimi tio take a dlrinrk of
vhriskey as a heverage. Ho was a
(ood businress nallager aeil lIis farins
ye runr veo,y 5ineces sfurlly. Hoeing
>ver t be army age Ire didt niot join
hre army umntil tIre old mwoni were
ailed inito servic'e, their ire joi nred
hro res''rve, him t was dlotailedi airdi
coprt at hrnoir t o collect tIre t aix
mrd see thrat thre saldiersi' wives
mnd mnotherrs Irad somortlriirg to live
ipen. He was tire righrt mian in tIre
ighrt plaewr, and nre soldiers wifi
mffiered for tihe noeeessariies of Ii fi if
\l r. Brto r knr row of bo r condlit ionr.
I is chaeritieos were ho'stowiid for char
ty sake aind were kep t id fromr
'viery onre if possiblde. F.Cvei h iis o )w r
uiynrever know of a groat manyTI
>f iris charities. I hrave knrowni iim
o putit hil solf to a great deal of
~roublne to help people ir finraircial
traits, wiro knorw nothring of iris in
Lontions to hnelp thIemn. A fter tire
waer theire w~as ai sold ior's widow's
home fored on tire masrket. Mir.
B3urtonr told hr ihe wotu11ld i hv che
p)lace for hirn anrd give her time to
pay for it. \I r. Burtonr made(1 the
first bid andi a land shark bid next.
MI.r. Burtoin toldi tIhe mtan whrat he
'vas t ryinig tio (10 anrd asked the rman
not toi id; tire main bid argaini and
Mr. urton wvent tio hrim and told himr
ihe would( k nook hris teeth dlownr hi
imouth if ihe bid mgaim Nu. uni't
bought the place for the widow. She
and her children paid for it. She
raised several boys who are now
among our best citizens. Mr. Bur
ton was married twice. His first
wife was a Floyd. She was the
mother of C. D. and Joseph F. Bur
ton and Mrs J. d. Hair. H;s second
wife was a Mailoy, who is still living
and is now the wife of Mr. J. M.
Workman. By her only two chil
dren lived to reach maturity, viz:
J. A. Burton and Miss Mary L. Bur
ton. Mr. Burton died in 1872, and
in my recollection no man was more
missed than he was. X Con. Fed.
His Official Announcement of Judge Mc
[The State 14th.]
Gov. McSweeney yesterday an
nounced Judge Mclvor's death to
the general assembly in the follow
Gentlemen of 'he General Assem
It is my sad duty to announce to
you the death of Chief Justice Hen
ry Mclvor, which occured at his
home in Cheraw yesterday after
Judge McIver was one of South
Carolina's truest patriots and purest
citizons. For more than a quarter
of a century he was on the supreme
bench of this State, eleven years of
which time he served as chief justice
During elese long years of service,
ever conscientions, ever true to the
trust in his repose, he displayed most
(listinguished ability, and a; the time
of his death and for yeart previous,
was justly recognized as South Caro
lina's most eminent jurist.
The record of his life, including
as it doe brave deeds in times of
war, and deeds equally as heric in
times of poce-a record mlade in the
service of his State-is bright and
stainless, and is now one of South
Carolina's priceless heritages. The
distingished service which he ren.
dered began with his early manhood
years, and ended only with his life.
In his death the State loses one who
was the highest, type of her citizen
ship. and one whose memary she will
hold sacred so long as she keeps a
live her appreciation of ability that
is distinguish, of character that is
stainless, of motino that is pure and
lofiy, aid of deeds that are bright and
You will take such action as may
serm to you prope,r upon the doath
of the Chief of a co ordinate branch
Resp'ct fully submitted,
M. B. MeSweeney, Governor.
11ii D)IlID P00R.
A Story Suggestcti by Another Told by
Andlrew Carnsegie is reportedl to
have said that somo yearM ago lhe
wvanted1( to cross at mounIt.ain inl Penn1.
syl van ia and( a youngsteor offered to
take hims over for fifty cents. Mr.
Carniegio thought the price was too
great., hut., after long arguiment, paidl
it, "ntot. hocauseH, the trip wats worth
it,"' as the story goes, "blut becauise I
had to get oni th~ othier sidle of the
mhounItatin."' Mr. Carnegie adds: "'I
pred icted5 that thle boy) wouldc 5< mue
(lay make a fortune and he hias.
H1is name01 wa#'Chalrlos M Schiwa' "'
Thast reind me(5)11 of a story. Vears
ago'( a youn mg man1( owned the onl1y
woodlyardl ini a pri'irio) townl out West.
lHe had a goodly store 0n hand whehn
heavy snows cameIl arnd blocked the
aionds. For weeks 110 wood cold be
hauled to the town, yet the young
mnan wont on RellinIg at his regulr
prie of $2.75 a cord A friendl of
hiis said to himi that he could got $5
as easily, becauIse thie people0 must
have wood1. The young man said he
knew it, lbut that he was making a
fai r living profit. So h1o continiuud
to soll his wvood at the same 01(1 price.
Every body pred icted( t hat he would
aliways he0 poor1, and lie is, God bless
him! Never mindi( his name; you
wouIldnl't know it if you hoard it; b)ut
it is a synotnym1 of humanl love and
tender symrnpathy throughout all that
prairie counst ry. --Brooklyn ag.l.