ESTABLISHED 1865. NEWBERR 1'C, FR )Y JANAR -0 193T-iA ~ 1 1
ESTABISH NE, FRI A Y, JAN U.R Y0, 1908
NEGROES AT WHITE HOUSE
FURTHER DETAILS OF THE RECEPTION
WHICH CAUSED INDIGNATION.
Roosevelt Carrying His Ideas of Social
Equalty to the Extreme Limit
Somethtng About the Affair.
[New York Suu.1
Washington, Januaiy 23.-South
ern senators and representatives held
little indignation meetings all day at
the capitol. The subject under dis
cussion was the presence of several
negro men and women at the White
House reception in honor of Con
'gress and the judiciary last night, a
circumstance which caused several
Southern gentlemen, nearly all of,
whom are members of Congress, to
leave the mansion in a huff. This
incident and the facts which led to it
were the absorbing topics of coin
ment today, and indignant inter
views with Southern senators and
congressmen are being sent out to
newspapers in the Southern states
It was ascertained today that the
negro guests were John C. Dancy,
recorder of deeds of the ,district of
Columbia, and his wife and daughter,
who accompanied him; Judson Ly.
ons, register of the treasury, and six
or eight other negroes, men and
women, whose names are not known.
Officials at the white house declined
today to give the names of the ne
groes who were present, but it was
explained that they were federal
officeholders in Washington, with
members of their families, and that
they were invited according to cus
tom. It was said at the white house
that the families of negro officials of
the government in Washington are
always invited to the state recep
The colored guests had a rather
lonesome time of it at the reception.
After they had shaken hands with
the president and had passed into
the east room they stood for some
time in corner of the apartment talk.
ing among themselves, but not min
gling with the white guests. They
were as inoffensive as possible, even
from the point of view of a sensitive
Southerner, but there was a good
deal of comment, and several South
ern congressmen got angry and
hastily left the house. This was
after they had had a chance to ta,k
it over a'tong themselves and express
the -ndignation they felt toward the
presiuent for heaping such an alleged
indignity upon them. Representa.
tives Small and Pou, of North Caro
lina, were among those who made
their hasty departure from the wl.ute
~'Several senators and conL're$smen
from the Southern States declared to
day that they would never visit the
white house again, either socially or
It was stated, and the fact seems
to be established, that only i rare
instances in the past has a nego man
attended a white house re3eption,
although invited to do so, anid that
probably nio negro woman hias ever
been there. This statement of course
applies only to the especially mnvited
guests, for a large number of negroes
of both sexes always attend the pub
lie receptions. T1he last evening re
caption of the winter at the white
house has always been open to the
The iodignant Southern senators
and congressmen today declared that
President Roosevelt had sought to
force the social equality of the races
byr inviting negroes to last night's
reception and that he offered themn a
personal insult. They declare that
if invitations to negroes have beni
issued in past years these invitations
have not been accepted, and the fact
that the negroes came this year is
due to Mr. Roosevelt's attitude on the
race question, as exemplifled in the
Brooker Washington incident and in
many Southern appointments.
Senator Tillman gave an interview
to the Southern newspaper corre
spondents today. He said:
"The thing that bothers me most
is the fact that my name was printed
this morning as among the guests
present at the reception last [night.
This sa mistae.1,as me on the
occasion of the diplomatic reception.
I have not been to the white house,
do not intend to go this winter and
never expect to go there while the
present occupant resides there. I do
not blame any Southern man for at
tempting to prevent the practice of
social equality; that is, if he is a
Lawlessness in the Quiet Village Results
in Shooting-One in Jail.
[Greenville Index 27th.]
News reached here Sunday of
what came near being a serious riot
and bloody fight at McCormick, on
the Charleston and Western Caro
lina Railroad. The affair sounds
like the days of the fights in border
towns out West. It appears that
some time during the day, Saturday,
a party of young men from the
country, prominent among whom
was Robt Dorn, were disturbing the
peace in the town of McCormick.
D->rn Was arrested and later released
under a ten-dollar bond to appear
before the intendant of the town.
Dorn went away and a few hours
later returned with a party of
friends, looking for trouble. These
young men proceeded to raise a
rough house in McCormick without
They shot into windows and dis
turbed the silence and serenity of
the otherwise quiet little town not a
little bit. A body of citizens as
sembled themselves into a posse and
started to arrest the disturbers.
When the two parties came in
conflict Gaorge Talbert, a leader
of the young men, drew his gun and
started to plug the leader of the
posse. This he did not do, his gun
only snapped. The leader of the
posse at once fired and wounded
Talbert in the arm. The sight of
blood dismayed the disturbers and
they dispersed. Talbert and young
Robert Dorn were arrested, the
other escaping. Young Dorn was
brought through here Sunday after
noon by two constables, who were
carrying him to Abbeville to lodge
him in jail.
They said they had been threat
ened by Dorn's friends and expected
that an attempt to release Dorn
would have been made at Troy, but
they were on the train and the at
tempt was not made. Dorn was
roped and tied like a desperate
criminal, although either of his two
constables was a better man physi
Communication with McCormick
yesterday brought assurance that
Talbert was not seriously injured
and that quiet had reigned since
the aff'air. T1albert was released on
bond and taken to his home.
In a reading-class a little girl read
t.hus: 'The widow lived on a limbacy
left her by a rolative."
"The word is legacy, not limbacy,"
correctedl the teacher.
"But," said the ch ild, "my sister
says I must say limb, not leg."-Feb
ruiary Woman's Home Companion.
Whole Country Watching.
TIhe case of Mr. Tillman is now
with the court, and the whole coun
try wvill watch its progrees with in
terest. A speedy trial the prisoner
hats expressed a wvish for, and( a
speeOdy teal he ought to have. Hie
will not lack for friends or money, or
able counsel, and the fact that he
beocame a private citizen today de
i ives him of nothing he could have
used to advantage in his defense.
T1he public upon the face of the case
has adjudged him an assassin A
mioro cowardly taking of hunman life,
if we may accept the details reported,
has seldom been recorded. A word
of praise is due to tihe citizens of
Columbia for the self control they
have shown in circumstances of so
much difficulty and it is to be hoped
that the same spirit may be exhib
ited to the end.
TO TORCH AND SWORD
NEGRO MAKES APPEAL.
MASS MEETING OF NEGROES IN WASH
INGTON HEAR RBD THREATS
MADB BY LAWYER.
Kill and Burn Whites is Counsel from Ne
tro-Virginia Lawyer Gives the Lie
to Booker Washington's Decla
ration that Education
[By Milt Saul to Atlanta Journal.]
Washington, Jan. 27.-Roosevelt's
pro negro policy is responsible for a
mass meeting of Washington ne.
groes last night, in the course of
which the sword and torch were ad
vocated as means for the negro to
maintain his manhood.
Among the speakers at the meet.
ing was H L. Johnson, the Atlanta
negro lawyer. The meeting was un
der the auspices of the Afro-Ameri
can council, of which Pledger is a
The most sensational speech of the
.meetiug and the one which aroused
the audience to the highest pitch of
enthusiasm, was made by James H.
Hayes, the lawyer who has been re
tained by Virginia to test the validity
of Virginia's disfranchisement laws.
In the course of his speech, lie said
"The time has come when the ne
gro must fight, not theoretically, not
intellectually, but fight with his
hands. The disfranchisement of the
children of Israel in Egypt has been
followed letter for letter by the dis
franchisement in the South. A South
ern newspaper has threatened us
with klu-klux if the growth of Fed
eral appointments in the South con
tinues. I make the prediction that
when the Southern people start to
klu-kluxing this time they will not
have as the objects of their oppres.
sion the same timid people they klu
kluxed in the '40s."
Negroes are leaving the State of
Virginia because of the treatment
they are receiving. What we want
to do is to start something and keep
it up until the white people stop
something. We don't intend to be
oppressed any longer. We don't in -
tend to be rushed.
"I am afraid we are anarchistic
that we are anarchistic-and I give
the warning that if this oppression
in the Souti continues, the negro
must resort to the sword and to the
torch and to that the Southland will
become a land of blood and desola
The speaker gave the lie direct to
Booker Washington's wide heralded
utterances on industrial education
for the negro. He used( the follow
"It is claimed that the negro in
dustrial schools are the proper lines
of effort for the race. Talk about
education and wealth and say that
they make votes for the negro. It's
a lie. Ne, they are destroying votes.
Every negro who puts on a clean
collar and trics to be a man is de
stroying a vote. I believe God will
take care of us.
Just one word about the question
of the absorption of the races," the
speaker added significantly. "No
two people having the same religion
and speaking the same tongue, liv
ing together, have ever been kept
apart. This is well known and it is
one ef the reasons why the (dominant
race is crushing out the strength of
the no~ ro ini the South."
Oth r speakers were Rev. Geo.
Lee, Rev. J. Anderson Taylor, J. W.
T'hompson, cf New York, treasurer
of the Africo American council; Cy
rus Field Adams, secretary; H. L.
Johnson, of Atlanta; Bishop Walters,
of this city, and John 0. Dancy, ra.
corder of (deeds. They spoke ear
ne'stly, but in a less fiery voini than
Every one0 who has a gardeni or
farm should wvrite to T1. W. WVood &
Sons, Richmond, Va , for their Soed
Book for 1903. It is beautifully
gotten up andl well printed, and is
really a complete hand b'ook of infor
mation, both for the garden and farm.
It is peculiarly vanable to our- south
erni growers, as it given practical in
formation about the seeds best adapt
ed to our own section.
IMPORTANT TO TBACHERS.
'Last Circular Issued by Capt. McMahan,
the Retiring Superintendent of
Columbia, January 25.-Follow.
ing the action of the State Board of
Education at its recent meeting Su
perintendent of Education McMahan
issued just before retiring from office
an important circular of information
for school oflicers and teachers, set.
ting forth explicity the new require
ments a9 to time of examinations,
registration of certificates in the
county superintendent's olice, and
the exclusion of Latin from the
schools unless the teacher has a cer
tificate of qualification to teach Latin.
The circular is given below, and the
county papers are requested by Mr.
McMahan to copy for Lhe benefit of
all persons concerned:
Office State Superintendent of Edu
Columbia, S. C., Jan. 21, 1903.
To County Superintendents: The
State Board of Education at its
meeting on the 16th and 17th insts.
adopted two permanent regulations
which are of far reaching effect., and
should b9 known at once to every
teacher and trustee in your jurisdic
First. That after February and
beginning May, 1903, there shall be
two county examinations for teach
ers' certificates each year, to be held
in May and September and that
hereafter no teacher shall be em
ployed in the public schools of this
State who has not registered the cer
tificate in the office of the county
superintendent of education and sub
mitted proof to the board of trustees.
The February examination will be
held as usual this year, and will be
after that abolished, so that no teach
ers' certificates can be obtained, and
none can expire during the winter or
regular school term. The times for
examination will hereafter be in May,
at about the end of the usual school
session, and in September, just be
fore the opening of the new school
You will note that no trutees' con
tract with a teacher will be hereafter
valid, unless the teacher has first
registered his certificate in the office
of the county superintendent and
submitted to the board of trustees
employing him your statement to
this effect. Therefore no school can
lawfully open and certainly no pub
lic money can be paid to a teacher
until you have on record in your
office the facts as to the teacher's
valid, up-to-date certificate of quali
fication. There will be, therefore,
no excuse hereafter for you to relax
in any degree the strict eaiforcement
of the law requiring teachers to have
Second. That after July 1, 1903,
the teaching of Latin in the public
schools shall be forbidden except by
teacoers holding from the State
Board of Education a special certifi
cate of qualification to teach Latin,
and that exarnination in this sub)ject
shall be offered hereafter, beginning
before July 1,1903--college diplomas
not to exemot from this examination.
Latin is not prescribed in the pub
lic school course and is not usually
to be ti..ught, but where the trustees
and county authorities permit it to b)e
taught the State B3oard now directs
that there must be evidence of fitness
of the teachor to teach Latin properly
and, therefore, this special exam ina
tion is to be offered regularly here
after, and this certificate must be
held by a teacher before he shall be
permitted to teach Lat in in any p)ub
lie school. Let this new regulation
be generally known an~d see that it is
strictly enforced. There is a great
deal of humbuggery in the pretence
of some teachers to teach Latin.
Persons who know no better are be.
ing imposed upon. A capable teacher
cannot objeict to an examination and
a certificate of qu ali licat ion. The
teaching of Latin, however, should
always be exceptional in a public
school, and should niot he permitted
where it would interfere with the
teacher giving full tuime to the regulai
John J. koeMahan,
State Superintendent of snuaon.
FOR GOOD ROADS.
MEETING QF SOUTH CAROLINA ASSOCIA
TION TO BE HELD SOON.
Call Issued by Mr. P. H. Hyatt, President
of Association, for Meeting on Feb
ruary 3d-To be Held in
[Columbia Record, 20th.]
Mr. F. H Hyatt, president of the
South Carolina Good Roads conven
tion, has issued a call for a meeting
of the body to bo held in this city
on February 8 at the. county court
house. The following is being sent
out to the county aulfervisors by Mr.
To the County Supervisors of South
Gentlemen: The bylaws and con
stitution of the South Carolina Good
Roads association require that a
meeting be held in Columbia, S. C.,
each year, during the session of the
general assembly. You b'eing the
supervisor of your county become
vice president of this association by
virtue of your office.
I as president of the South Caro
lina Good Roads association hereby
notify you that there will be a meet.
ing of this association held in Colum
bia, at the court house of Richland
County, on Tuesda.', February 3d,
1903, at noon. I respectfully ask
that you be present, as a matter of
importance will be brought up and
discussed in the interest of good
roads. The election of officers for
the ensuing year will also be held.
It is quite essential that all of the
supervisors should be present, as we
will have an opportunity to exchange
ideas, meet the legislators and make
such recommendations as you think
advisable. Please let me know by
return mail if I may expect you. If
you can't be here yourself please
send one of your county officials to
Hoping to have the pleasure of
meeting with you on the above men
tioned date, I remain
Yours very respectfully,
F. H. Hyatt, President
South Carolina Good Roads Ass's.
People Will Talk.
You may get through the world, but
'twill be very slow,
If you listen to all that is said as you
You'll be worried and fretted andl kept
in a stew;
For meddlesome tongues must have
something to do
And people will talk.
If quiet and modest, you'.li have it pre
Tihat your humble p)osition is only
You're a wolf in sheep's clothing, or
else you're a fool;
But dlon't get excitedl-heep) p)erfect
For plelI will talk.
And then if you sho0w the least boldness
Or a slight inclination to take your
They will call you an upstart, conlceitedl
But keep) straight ahead, dlon't stop
For peole will talk.
If threadbare your dress and old fash
ionedl your hat,
Some one will surely take notice of
And hint rather strong that you can't
pa~y your way.
But dlon't get excited, what ever they
For peop)le will talk.
If your driess is in fashion, dlon't think
For they criticise then in a dlifier-ent
You'r-e ahead of your means, for yom~
lHut mind your own business, there'
naught to be made -
For people will talk.
Now the best way to do is to (do as yo,
For your mind, if you have one, wil
then be at ease.
Of course, you will meet with all sort
But don't think to stop them--it
not any use
For p)eople will talk.
Granddaughter Marries--He Says Some
Good Things On Marriage to
The re,rd is broken. Out of
twenty-ono grandchildreu the first
marriage wa9 eolebratsd yesterday.
A granddaughter has found a mate
and gone off with him. That is all
right. It is according to nature and
there is nothing to cry about when
the young folks have chosen wisely
and well. There is no goodlier sight
in all nature than to see a good look
ing, healthy young man, who is
making an honest living standing
up at the alter with a sweet, good
tempered, affectionato, industrious
girl and the parents on both sides
approving the match. Marriage is a
very serious but.rness and my ob
servation has boon that those mado
among the well to do common people
are generally happier than those
made in cities among the families of
the rich. Children raised to work
and wait on themselves make hotter
husbands and better wives than those
raised in luxury. I in mighty hard
for a man to please his wife and keep
her in a good humor if she has boon
petted by her parents and never know
a want and had no useful work to do.
She soon takes thi ennui or the (on
uiptions or the "don't know what I
want" and must go back to ma.
A young girl who never cleared
up her own room or made any of
her own clothes or helped to nurse
her mother's baby and did nothing
but dress and visit and go to the
theater will never make a good wife.
The wife and mother business is hard
work. The mother of six, eight or
ten children has soon sights. She
knows what care is and anxiety and
sleepless nights and one of those
butterfly women can't stand it. One
child will dry her up and two will
about finish her and if it were not
for condensed milk the children
would perish to death like the calves
in Florida, where the cows don't give
enough milk to color the coffee and
they have to raise the calves on the
But our grandehildiron are all
good, healthy working stock. We
have raised ten of our own and the
Lord has blessed them in form and
feature and old Agur's prayer has
saved then from poverty and riches.
I have worked and so has my wife
and our children worked and have
held their own and are now helping
us in our old age. I won't say what
I have done all of these fifty three
years of married life, but my wife
has made over a thousand little gar
merits with her own hands before
ever a sewing machine was brought
to our own town and she found time
to keel) mie in plaited bosom shirts
besides. I bioughit the first machine
that eame-a Grover & Unaker, for
$125. The next, a W heeler & Wil
son, for $100. And so on (down and
now we have 'i Homie & Farm for
$20, wvhichi is the host we ever had
It. isi worth mentioning that H-owe,
the first inventor, could niot get his
machine introduced in this country
for ten years anid had it patented ir.
England and all the use they had for
it there wvas to stitch the soles on
boots and shoes.
Yes, our pret ty grand(daughiter has
mated and marriedl and( gone. J1ulia
Simith is now Mrs. ,Junlian Smith
niot much chainge mn her name was
there only add(ed the little letter "n"i'.
We gave im a cordlial welcome into
our famiily for we have heard nothing
but good concerning him and comn
mend our grandlcild to thle good
people of Sehnia andi thio good State
of Alabama, which is our own Gleor
gia's daughter. Tholire may they
-rest and live long and prospor.
I ami still sick. As t he lawyers
Ssay, "'I li vinig (10 languish , anid Ian -
guishming do live','' but 1 amn on the
up gradoe and( my swollen extremities
are reducing their compass and my
wifo says it will soon 1be tiri to lant
Isweet peas and trim upl herf restf
bushes. TJwo months from yesteor
s day will be the fifty fourth anniver
sary of our wveddling and the chil
dren and grandchmild(1rn have prom
itied to gather at the parental man
n andt reoiien together over th
Lord's goodness unto us.
But I must stop now, for it tires
me to write. My daughter who helps
me is teaching school and I get tired
from bending over to my work. I
feel like saying with Byron,
"What is writ is writ,
Would it were worthier-but my visions
Less palpably before me and the glow,
That in my spirit dwelt
Is fluttering faint and low."
Well, the little pamphlet of Gen.
H. H. Jackson's great speech and
part of Dave Webster's at Capon
Springs is now ady. Send to my
friend, Ed Holland, Atlanta, Ga.,
and get it. It will be sent postpaid
for 25 cents. My last book is about
ready. Send to C. P. Byrd, printer
and publisher, Atlanta, Ga., and get
that postpaid, for $1.25. My wife
says the first two chapters would be
worth the money if I hadn't told
some storiem on her. Btr.r, Aur.
WON'T VOTB FOR THE TBRRITORY.
Tillman Favors Arizona, New Mexico amd
Washington, Jan. 26.-The char
acteristic declaration of Senator Till
man in the Senate Friday afternoon,
in discussing that feature of the
Statehood bill which provides, as the
Senator puts it, for the "parcelling
out of Indian Territory" to Okla
homa, by the politicians in the Sen
ate, after the latter Territory has
boon admitted into the Union, as a
"damnable and outrageous proceed
ing," caused considerable surprise
both to the supporters ani opponents
of Statehood legislation, as it had
been thought that a Democratic Son
ator of the robustness of Senator
Tillman could not be otherwise than
in harmany with his party upon the
question of Statehood. It is true
that the Senator from South Caro
lina did declare that he earnestly ad
vocated the admission of Arizona,
Oklahoma and New Mexico, but
coupled with that, he also declared,.
he favors either the admission of
Indian Territory along with Okla
homa (which is the schemie of the
opponents of the House bill), or he
favors the admission of Indian Terri
tory as a separate State, or at least
to give the whito people there a ter
rtorial form of government.
W hilo Senator Tillnian thus placed
himself on record as being in favor of
Statehood, he declared with the pro
vihions in the omnibus bill relative
to Indian Territory the measure can
not have hiis support.
T hle supporters of t he omnibus bill,
including Senator Quay, declare that
the mnlsnre will not lbe amended;
tihe logical conclusion is therefore
that on the finail passage of the bill,
if it is ever voted on at this session,
Senator Tilbnan's vote will be in the
negative. It is climied in some
quaiirters that Senator Tillmnan, wvho
had not heretofore stated his posi
* ion, had b)een won b)y the arguments
of Senator Beveridge, who is lead
ing the fight against the bill.
Other Southern D)emocrats, it is
stated, are on the verge of deserting
Senat or Quay, among t hem being
Senators Batcon of Geor-giai, Cockrell
of Missouri, and( iMorgani of Alabiama.
It is not becauso they are against
Statehood Iligislationt, but it is he
cause the omitibus b6ll, as Senator
Tilbnan exp)lainedl it, is not al togeith
er to their liking, and also the fear
that other legislation rmay be defeat
ed. Tillman's words are regardled
as a kind of warning to friends of the
bill andic if not hoodold all Statehoodi
legislation may be dlefeatted thIiis Cont
No) two Senators evuintly enjoy a
scrap more thtan (10 Senators Spooner
of Wisconsin and Tiliman of South
Carolina Out of the Senate they
adimire each other's personality; on
the floor of the Senate they adlmire
chcl other's ablility. Spooner is the
only man in the Senate who can
miatch Tillman, bo0th of them being
aware, ew!3ently, of that fact. Till
mani's style suits Spooner. When
ever the South Cerohtna Senator or
the Wisconsin Senator takes the
floor there is sure to be a (debate be
tweoon the two, which is amusing to
, the galeries at least
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