ESTABLISHED 186J5. NEWBERRY, S. C., TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1903.
MARSHALL UHILD LABOR BILL.
Full Text of the Important Measure Which
Has Passed Both Houses of the
Section 1. That from and after the
first day of May, 1903, no child un
der the age of 10 years shall be em
ployed in any factory, mine or textile
manufacturing establishment of this
State; and that from and after the
first day of May, 1904, no child un
der the age of 11 shall be employed
in any factory, mine or textile manu
facturing establishment of this State;
and that from and after the first day
of May, 1905, no child under the age
of 12 years shall be employed in any
factory, mine or textile manufactur
ing establishment of this State, ex
cept as hereinafter provided.
Sec. 2. That from and after May 1st,
1903, no child under the ago of 12
years shall be permitted to work be
tween the hours of 7 o'clock p. m.
and 7 o'clock in the morning in any
factory, mine or Textile manufactory
of this State.
Sec. 8. That children of a widowed
mother and that children of a totally
disabled father who are dependent
upon their own labor for their sup
port, and orphaned children who are
dependent upon their own labor for
their support, may be permitted to
work in textile establishments of this
State for the purpose of earning
their support: Provided, That in case
of a child or children of a widowed
mother, or totally disabled father,
the said mother or totally dis
abled father, and in case of orphan
children, the guardian of said chil
dren, or pe. son standing in loco
parentis of said child or children,
shall furnish to any of the said i,or
sons named in Section 4 of this act,
- an affidavit du1y sworn to by him or
her, before some magistrate or clerk
of court of the county in which he
or she resides, stating that he or she
is unable to support the said chil
dren, and that the said children are
dependent upon their own labor for
their support; then, and in that case,
the said child or children of the said
widowed mother and the said dis
abled father and said orphan chil.
dren shall not be affected by the
prohibitions in Section 1 of this act,
and filing of said affidavit shall be
full justification for their employ
ment. Provided, further, that the
officer before whom the said atlidavit
shall be subscribed shall endorse
upon the back thereof his approval
and his consent to the employment
of said child or children. Any per
son who shall swear falsely to the
facts set forth in said act shall be
guility of perjury and shall be in
dictable, as provided by law: Pro
vided further, That the employment
of said child or children shall be sub
ject to the hours of labor herein
Sec. 4. T1hat any owner, superin
tendent, manager or overseer of any
2>factory, or textile manufacturing
Th establishment or any other person in
flcharge thereof, or connected there
with, who shall employ any child
Scontrary 'a the 'provisionis of this
Iact, shall be guilty of a mis
"demeanor, and for every such
offense shall, up on conviction there
~$~of, he fined not less than $10, nor
more than $50. or t.o be imprisoned
not longer than 30 days, at t.he dis
Scretion of the court.
S Sec. 5. That any parent, guairdiain,
or other person having uinder his or
Sher co utrol any child, whlo conisents,
sfrs or permits thei emnploy ment. of
'his or her ebild or witrid undaer the
ages as above provided, or who mis.
represents the age of sneh child or
ward to any of the person namend in
Section 4 of this act, in order to ob
tam employment for such child or
ward, shall be deemed guilty of a
mishdemeanor, and for every suich
offense sh'ill, upon conviction thter.'
,or, be0 fined not less than $10 nor,
miore thant $50, or be imprisoned not.
longer than 30 days, in the discrei
tion of the court.
Sec. 6. That any parenit, gu irdiian
or person stc.'ding im loco) parentis,
who shall furnish to the persons
'~'amed in Section -4 of this act a
Y ertificate of a school teacher or
W~~shool trustee that their child or
ward has attended,1chool for not less
than four months during the current
sohc.ol year, and that said child pr
children can read and write, may be
permitted to obtain employment for
such child or children in any of the
textile establishments of the State
during the months of June, July and
August, and the employment of such
child or children during s&id months
upon the proper certificate that such
child or children have attended
school as aforesaid, shall not be in
conflict with the provisions of this
Sec. 7. That in the employment
of any child under the age of 12
years in any factory, mine or textile
manufacturing establishment, the
owner or superintendent of such fac
tory, mine or textile.manufacturing
establishment shall require the parent
guardian or person standing in loco
parentis of such child, -to make an
affidavit, giving the age of such
child, which affidavit shall be placed
op. file in the oflice of the employer;
and any person knowingly furbish
ing a false statement of the age of
such child sholl be guilty of a misde
meanor, and for every such offense
shall, upon conviction, be fined not
less than $10, or be imprisoned not
longer than 30 days, in the discre
tion of the court.
Sec. 8. That all acts and parts of
acts in conflict with the provisions of
this act be, and the same are hereby,
THE RED CROSS TO MR. ROOSEVELT.
Explains Board Incident and Speaks of
''Pain" at Conducting Society.
Replying to the recent letter of
President Roosevelt's secretary, Geo.
B. Cartelyou, requesting that public
announcement be made that the
President of the United States and
the cabinet cannot serve as a board
of consultation of the American Na
tional Red Cross Society,.. Miss Clara
Barton, president of the society, has
addressed an explanatory letter to
Referring to Article IV, of the
constitution of the Red Cross. pro
viding for a board of consultation,
consisting or the President and his
cabinet and certain high officers of
the army, Mits Barton points out
that this provision was fully endorsed
by President Arthur and his entire
cabinet, and accepted by succeeding
Continuing, Miss Barton writes:
"I recite these facts to you, Mr.
President, as an earnest that
neither was usurpation practiced
nor discourtesy intended in the late
needed changes of the article of the
constitution. Thus, Mr. President,
if ini the continuing of your honored
name andl that of your cabinet in our
administration of the Red Cross 1
have committed an error *o grave as
to merit a reprimand, and be re
quiredI to make an open deniai be
fore the wvorld of the privilege 1 have
assumed, the powers I have usurped,
the disrespect shown the honored
heads of this nation, and my uin
avoidable and deep humiliation
thereat. I shall prove my good
citizenship b)y exact and willing con
formity with and obedience to the
command by the publieation of your
lionored letter, and such replies as I
have been able to miake, in order that
?.' nmiunderstanding of your rela
tions can possib)ly occur."
The lettor concludIes thus:
"Tras5ting that thaese concessions,
faithlfiihy submitted, may prove a
suflicienit not ice antd guarantee to the
pulic of thle disconnectloln which
you desire from the organizationi,
which I have so long hand thle pain
to conducnt I have thle honor to sub.
"Youri obedient country woman,
SILVEiR STREET DElPOT.
Rali-road Commnsssion to Investigate Re
quest of Newberi-y Towvn.
The members of the rail ro'id com
mission have left for Silver S-t.rist,
in Newberry County, a town that has
recently petitioned for a deSpot. An
inspection will he made and should
it be thought necessary the railroad
will be ordlerea to buid On.
NBRVE IN AN ENGINE CAB.
Lost Sometimes for Trivial Reasons; Even
for Reversed Signals.
[New York Sun.]
Many old locomotive engineers
thought, before the actual cause of
the New Jersey Central Railroad
wreck became known, that they could
explain why Davis, the engineer, ran
past his signals. They attributed
his error to loss of nerve.
"This comes one time or another
to every man who handles a throttle,"
said an engineer of years' experience.
"Nobody can explain it and nobody
can tell when it will occur. The
slightest unusual thing on a run will
sometimes cause it-even a thing so
slight as finding signals out of their
"I have known experienced engin.
eers on a generally clear run to pull
up their trains before reversed sig
nals, so overcome by the unusual oc.
currence that they have all but faint
ed and have dropped to their seats
pale and covered with cold sweat.
Once, when we had been blocked
this way at a place where 1 had never
before known one fast train to stop,
my engineer lost his nerve so badly
that he could not close the throttle
and we would have been in a wreck
if I had not jumped up and shut her
"I have myself been badly rattled
by unubual occurrences. The slight
est one that I remember was when I
was running a night flyer on a
stretch where I had a clear track for
"I was going at the rate of sixty
miles an hour on a slight grade when
I saw a light. In a flash and so
clearly as though it were broad day
light I thought I could see a loco
motive coming full speed toward me
on my track. I could see even the
engineer, a friend of mine, leaning
out of the cab window, and I could
hear him, an absurd thing, shout to
me to shut off.
"Could I shut off? My arm
seemed to be paralyzed. I could not
roach the throttle though my life
and the lives of all the people in my
train seemed to depend upon it. I
braced myself ..,r the shock and ran
past--a man walking beside the
track carrying a lantern. I told no
body about my scare, of course, but
it was two days before I got my
"Any engineer can tell stories
about momentary loss of nerve. The
nerve of an engineer needs mental
bracing all the time, especially if lie
runs an express. We are on a strain
from the moment we start our on
gineR 'until we leave them at the end
of the rumn.
"'The machine is throbbing, jolt
ing arid swaying under us all the
time; we are constantly on the alert
for any obstruction on the track, and
our ears are strained to detect any
sound tha t wvouild indicate a loose
joint, bolt or nint.
"So tense are our nerves all the
time that I have known a driver to
be actually incapacitated for a week
because he hit. a d1og, and I have
heard competent enginm era whose
nerve nobody questioned beg to
be let off a fast but usual run be
cause they didn't feel up to it.
"There are engmneers today who
are dubbing along on way freights
after serving long on expresses, and
who would throw up their jobs rallier
than resume their old places on fly
era. They have lost their nerve, andl
they know it. I have seen men, still
young, cry like bab)ies when they
knew they were no longer lit to run
a fast train.
"Tihere is only one man in thle
b.usiness whoi~ hasi the reputation of
never losing his nerve. He is John
K insill a, who talkes No. I on the Erie
firom Port ,Jervis to Susquehanna.
"'It wars his train, t.hat rahi into a
big rock jumst aIbove Sohol a ini 1883
and went. tumbling dlown a sixty foot
bank to the edge of thle D)elaware
river. Maniy lives were lost there
and J1ohnm's Ii reman, mninned by t he
logs under his enigmne, was roastedl
before his eyes. ~Johnm's own foot
wvas caught, buIt hisn shoes were not
bot toned., and lie managed t., w,-igg
his foot clear, leaving the shoe be
"He stood by his fireman, talking
to him as the flames were creeping
nearer, gave him water, took his last
message for his wife and saw him
burn to death. John's left foot was
a little lame ,or a long while after
that, but he showed up the next day,
cool as a cucumber, and insisted on
taking his usual rt,n. He says that
he has never lost his nerve for an
instant, anthough he has had half a
dozen accidents and I believe him."
SKETCHES BY EX-CONFED.
He Writes of People of Ante-Bellum
Henry Burton, J. P. Williams,
J. T. Peterson, S. N. Davidson and
E. P. Lake loved to play practical
jokes on each other and then meet at
Newberry on saledays and tell the
jokes. E. P. Lake concluded that
he would make Josiah Stewart give
a dinner. So he invited a number
of people to take dinner with Josiah
Stewart on the next Saturday.
By some means Mr. Stewart heard
the invitations were out, and he pre
pared a splendid dinner-had a tur
key and a u,utton-in fact as good a
dinner as his wife knew how to pro
pore (and she was a good cook).
The dinner was on Saturday and the
next Monday was saleday. Not a
word was spoken about the dinner
being gotten up by E. P. Lake. In
fact nearly every one thought Mr.
Stewart had given the dinner on his
own account. On Monday when Mr.
Lake got his crowd at. Newberry he
told how he had played the joke on
Mr. Stewart. After the laugh had
been enjoyed, Mr. Stewart asked Mr.
Lake why he had not told the whole
joke. Mr. Lake askei what else was
to tell. Mr. Stewart told Mr. Lake
to tell whose sheep they had eaten.
Then the joke was turned on Mr.
Lake, as Mr. Stewart had gone tc
Mr. Lake's pasture and killed one of
his nicest. sleep.
Henry Burton, John T. Peterson,
J. P. Williams and S. N. David on
were fox hunters in the -
times. When they heg
they had a very poor pat .
but they finally got a good pacb .u(
had a great deal of sport. When
they got their first pack of dogs they
went hunting one night. Each one
had a small bundle of rich lightwood
tied to his saddle. The dogs jumped
a fox between Henry Burton's and
Washington Floyd's. It seemed tc
be a sight race and each hunter
lighted his torch andl followed the(
dlogs yelling like Comanche Indians,
Some of Washington Floyd's niegroei
were 'possum hunting an~d seemng the
army of jack o lanterns coming ii
their direction, they made for hom<
squalling for dear life. Ilotter grew
the race, and round andl round rar
the fox, the hunter still 'yelling. l
ntally the (logs caught the fox and
each hunter fell from his horse, toreh
in hiandl, each trying to tail the fox
A.ft.er falling and tumbling over enal
other they discovered1 that it was not
a fox it all, but. a long gaunt wvil
boar hog whose tail had been, frozer
off wvhen he was a pig. X. Con fed.
1)OIESN'T Go THERtE.
Senator Tillmian is Not a Visitor at th<
The New York Sun's Washingtoi
corresp)ond(enlt, writing of the pr~es
eonce of negroes at the ~president'
recep)tionl, says Sonato,r TVillmani gav
a studiously initecresting imterview
lie sout herun niewspaper correspori
dents. He said:
''The thinug t hat b)otherst me1 mfos
is the fact that my inme was printei
this morning as am~ong thle gnost
present at. t he reception l ast nigh i
TVhe same miieta,ke~ was mando on thi
occasion of t he diplomaitic recepttior
I have not bsOrn io t lie white lionis
do not intend to go t hiis winter an
never expect to go there wvihe Ith
present occupanLit resides there. 1 d1
not blamo,u ary sont hern man for it
am5iIptinig to prevent the practice<
social equal ity ; t hat is, if lie is
SOUTH CAROLINA CLAIMS
Against the United States-Secretary of
State Gantt Encouraged at the Out
look for Early Settlement.
Secretary of State Gantt. has re
turned from Washington and ex.
preses himself as very much gratified
at the prospect of an early settlement
of the claims of South Carolina
against the United States, growing
out of the war of 1812.15.
The United States government
admits an indebtedness to the State
of $77,028.02 on July 19, 1832, with
interest at 6 per centum thereon.
However they require, before allow
ing interest, that the State must
show that she either paid interest by
the transfer of other securities, Lefore
interest will be allowed her, and it
was to present to the department
proof of this fact hat necessitated
Mr. Gantt's visit to the capital. This.
evidence Mr. Gantt filed with the
comptroller of the treasury.
The United States holds as tris
tee for the Indian fund $125,000 of
South Carol ina 6 per cent. bonds, of
the issue of 1859, for the erec
tion of the State House and in any
settlement which is effected, these
bonds must be paid by the State
at their full faco value.
Mr. Gantt says: "Owing to the un
tiring work of Senator Tillman, and
as a result of ceaseless personal effort
on his part, the treasury department
now offers a settlement which will
practically square accounts, but this
offer Senator Tillman refuses, and
is appealing from the decision of the
auditor of the var deparment, do
manding that South Carolina be
paid upon the same basis with which
a settlement was effected with Vir
ginia under like circuinstancs.
"This basis is the computation of
simple interest at 6 per cent. upon
both accounts until the maturity of
the bonds held by the government in
1881, and interest, at 6 per cent. upon
the balance due the State ($52,000)
until the (lay of payment. The treas
ury department proposes the compu
tation of interest on both accounts at
simple 6 per cent. interest to an
arbitrary date at which both would
be equal. As the original principal
of the State was smaller, a computa
tion to 1899 would effect this result..
"douth Carolina is thus assured of
the payment of enough of her
claims against the United States to
settle these vexatious outstanding
bonds. Under the act of 1893 they
were fundable at 50 cents on the
dollar, and with accrued interest to
date constitute over $125,000 of
valid and admitted bonded deb1,e
against the Sta'e. The United States
government has repeatedly declined
this settlement, and1 demanded in
stead full face value, with interest."
Senator Tillman, Mr. Gantt says,
has been rendered valuable help by
Mr. Baker of Abbeville, who is cm
ployed in the senate library at Wash
ingto.n, who has collected the evi
donCe in the departments at Wash
ington wvhich was of such great im
portance to the State in making ont
If Senator Tillman succeeds in es
tabhsinig his basis of calculation of
the interest, South Carolina would
secure over $100,000 in cash from
the general government, in addition
to the sett.lernenit of these Indian
trust fund bonds.
Governor He~ywar(t Takes Frompt Action In
[Columbia loo (1.]
As a result of compllainit to Giov
ernor Hey ward regar-ding the con
tduict of Constable Caulfied in Char
loston last WVednresday the Governor
has suspended1 the constable until a
full investigation has been made.
CaulfIield attemipte3d to stop a do
livery wagon of Sit.tile Brothers for
the purpose~ of searching it. for con
trab)and( and when the driver refused
Ito pull up, lhe shiot the hors'. Cauil
fihl c laimis that thle dlriver attem pted
to run over himri, but the pol ice of
C'har-laston, who are inrvestigat ing
the shooting, claim that cons'tale
a .iot without provocation or warn .
THE STATE PRESS ASSOCIATION
Executive Coinittee Decides to Have Annual
Meeting at White Stone Lithia
Springs in July.
[The Stato 6th.]
The executive committee of the
State Press association met in this
city last evening for the purpose of
arranging for the coining annual
meeting of the association. Among
the members present, were President
E. H. Aull, Secretary C. C. Langs
ton of Anderson, Treasuror August
Kohn, Editor J. C. Carlington of
the Spartanburg H-erald, Editor E.
H. DeCamp of the Galfne'y Ledger,
and Editor J. Ml. Knight of Sum
The committoe decided that the
annual sostsionhs of the convention
should be held on July 8, 1), 10 and
11 next, and the action of the last
gathering as to the place - -the White
Stone Lithia Springs was conlirmed.
Proprietor Harris has offered special
rates at the hotel for the editors and
the members of their families.
At the meeting last evening the
committee decided to invite one of
the most distinguished men of the
country to deliver tho annual oration,
but the name will not be announced
tntil the gentloman has been coin
The committee took initial steps
also looking to the annual trip of
the members of the assocciutiion. This
year the committee is thinking so
riously of making ("alifornin the ob
Arrangtent of the programm e for
the anntal mol ing was entered up
on, and t o mm111111ittee silected a
number of subjeots upon which mom
bers will be asked to present papors.
The assOciationl will imlot at White
Stone on' Tuesday ev,.aing, J uly 7, at
8 o'clock, and remain notil F'riday
night following. The annual ad
dress will be delivered at the banquet
on Thursday night., July V.
The following programme has
"The Advertising Agonts"-A. 0.
Kollock, Darlington News.
''Scraps of South (arolina Jour
nalisin" ----Yates Siowdtn, Tho News
"Circulationi Building" ---V. W.
Ball, Laurens Advertiser.
"A Daily Newspaper ini a Small
City"----HI. L. Vatson, l roenwood
"1'he Job, Ohico in Conjunction
a Country Newspaper'"- A WV.
Knight, B3amboerg Herald.
"Tlhe At t itudoe of t he Press Toward
'te O0ilco Seeker"-RH. T. Ja ynes,
Keowee C ourier, W alhtalla.
"'Cash in Adlvancee Syst em vs. Cred
it Syst em"'- -,J. W,. D)oar, George
"N ewspapers as Law makers"' - W.
H. Wallace, Newberry Ob)serve-.
'"The E'ditorial Column''-- ,J. C.
Garli ngton, Spartanburg H-eraId.
"The Rteligious Press"- 11ev. WV.
P. J1asohbs, D. D)., Our Montlfy, Clini
"Eithuics oif Journalism"' - -Plaul Mt.
Brice, Col umblia Ilecordl.
"D)oes it Pay the Manager- to Work
ini Mechanical D)epartmnents"'-- J.- C.
Mace, Mariona Star.
"What Valute are Correspondents
to a Paper Y"---J. M. Knight, Sumter
"H-Iigher Ideals for the Country
Newspaper"'-Johuu K. AullI, New
berry IHeraId ad NeWs.
The fullI pro gra nmmte will be issut.
ed by the secretary oif the associ tion
as sooni a possible, giving full in
format ion to the nmenmbers,
Suddlen swallows swiftly skimnming,
Sunset's slowly spre'ading shade,
Silvery songsters sweetly singing,
Summer's soothing serenade.
Susan Simpson str-olled sedlately,
Sifting sobs, suppressing sighs
Seeing Stephen Slocum, stately
Stopped she, showing some surpr)iise.
"-ay," saidl Ste phen, "'sweeter sigher,
Say, shall Stephen spouselsCess stay?''
Susan seeming somewhat shyeir,
Showedl sublmissiveniess straightway,
Sumrmer's season slowly s tretches,
Susan Simpson Slocum she
So she signedl some simp)le sketches- -
Soul sought soul Isuccessful ly.
- - (Greenvilue News.
BILL TO PENSION EX-SLAVES.
The Bill Was Presented by Request of
President Mitchell, Of National
Senator Hanna has introduced a
bill granting pensions and bounties
to all ex slaves who were freed by the
proolamatiou of President Lincoln
during the Civil war.
It provides that persons over 50
years of age and less than 60,
whether male or female, shall receive
a cash bounty of $100 and monthly
pensions of $8 per month; pensions
between 60 and 70 years old a bounty
of $800 and a pension of $12 per
month and persons over 70 years old
a bounty of $500 and a pension of
615 per month. The bill also pro.
vides for the payment of the bounty
and pension to relatives who may be
aharged with the care of ex slaves.
President Mitchell, of the National
Industrial council, at whose request
the bill was introduced, issued a
statement tonight to the effect that
no one has authority to charge the
petitioners who will benefit, should
the bill become a law, any money to
further its passage.
ADDICKS WITHDRAWS CANDIDACY.
No Longer in the Race for United States
Senator From Delawarc-The Cause.
Dover, Del., February 7.-The
sudden ainnouncement Thursday that
J. Edward Addicks had withdrawn
from the candidacy for United
States Senator which he has urged
so persistently since 1895 created an
The belief is general that the re
fusal of the United States Senate to
confirm United States District Attor
ney Win. M. Byrne had the effect of
bringing about Mr. Addicks' with
drawal. The Union Iepublican
choice for senator in place of Ad
dicks will probably be Governor
Hunn or Secretary of State Layton,
State Senator Allee, the Addicks
leader, having repeatedly declared
that he would not accept. the United
Mr. Addicks made a statement in
which he said: "I herewith declare
publicly my withdrawal as a candi
date before this legislature for the
oilice of senator from this State in
thle senate of the United States.
"The withdrawal of my candidacy
is conditioned upon the holding of a
Republican caucus to be participated
iln by all of the Rupublican members
of the general assembly and the
selection of t wo candidates for the
senate of the United States by ma
jority rule in said caucus."
F:ound D)ead in St. Paul Several Days
St- Paul, F"eb. 2. --J1ohn Tillman,
aged 7() years, great-uncle of Senator
Tillmnan, of South Carolina, was
found dead in a chair here yesterday
noon. There was a bullet wound in
his forehead anid thel inidications
pointed to su'iie.
Mr. Tilman lived like a hermit in
a one room hut and his bed was; a
sort of cuipboard filed with straw
and old clot hing. For manny youirs
hei had traveled the streets of St.
Paul sel, ing lead pencils and( shoe.
st rinigi anrd was believed to be rich.
Hie was a depositor in the Giermaniia
bank at the timeu of thme failure and
since then had1( shunne~d banrks. lie
was known as the "'miser of red
Mr. Tilhlman was supposed to hiuc
thiousands(1 of dollars hiddI(en in tIhe
house and1( thle niews of is dea1th at
tracted a crowd of curious people.
T1he police anid the coroner searched
the small but from top to b)ottomn
looking for the hidden t rearure, t
none1 conihl be fouJnd.
"And now,'" said the guid.', h-av..
inig saved the bow- for the last, "I
will show you thle ruins of the P -
T1he shiallow-faced mnan of t hie party
---the mOan withI the goaltee --do.
muirred. "Durn the ruins!" lie exc
claimne " Show us somuethjin' fresh.
Where's the miday ?"
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