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ESTABLISHJED 1865j. NW3RY. S. C., F~RIIDAY, JUNEt 1'2, 1908. TWICEA WK. R Ib A T~
RUMOR OF EARTHQUAKE ADDS TO THE
Looks Like Bad Management Among Re
lief Committees, And There Is
The staff correspondent of the
8tate, writing from Spartanburg,
calculated the losses in the flood dis
trict up to and including Tuesday
night, as follows:
Clifton mills and warehouse . $1,800,000
acolet,Iwills and warehouses 925,000
lendale mills and warehouses 350,000
Whitney mills and warehouse -10,000
Arkwright mills . - 1,000
White's mill and ice plant 15,000
Bell's mills.---- . 5,000
Thirteen railroad bridges,
track and rolling stock. 400,000
Seventeen farm houses . . . 125,000
osses to crop cotton and in
other ways-----. - 1.75,000
Total .......... $3,866,000
Operatives and employes out
of work . . . . . . . . . . 4,300
The death list now numbers 61.
About 4,500 bales of cotton were lost,
but probably hhlf of this will be re
covered, and about 3,000 bales of
goods of which perhaps 1,500 will be
Spartanburg, June 9.-Five funer
als in Clifton, the finding of three
more dead bodies in the sea of the
Pacolet sands, the discovery that
Clifton mills No. 1 and 2 were almost
as badly wrecked as if thoy had been
swept away, the bursting of the re
servoir at Pacolet and the indefinable
rumor of an earthquake-these were
some of the incidents in another red
letter day in the stricken Pacolet
valle3 All of these, however, sink
insignificance when the suffering of
the operatives at Clifton is consid
ered. That has been bitterly intense
in the past few hou-s. From the
moment that the burning sun rose
over the Clifton hill topa until it
sank into a thunder cloud the day
was one of agony for the mill opera.
tives at mill No. 2, and operatives at
the other mills had their pains
to bear. The night and the cool
winds brought some relief and it
was well, for many were spent and
well nigh stri'ken down. The relief
committee that has in charge the
subscription fund are acting with de.
Many of the operatives are not
only without shelter or clothing, but
they went to bd supperless and they
have been without bread for the
major part of the time since the dis
Judge J. H. Williams, who has
been wvorkiung so hiird to stay off the
snffering that has been staring the
operatives in the face ever since the
flood, Prof. W. X. Hogan, chairman
of the school board o,f Clifton, and
the other members of the comm,ittee
draw an ugly picture of the condi
tions~ that exist.
Judge Williams and Mr. ierrison
personially went through th. three
mii , dist riots of Cliftona No. 1, 2 and
3 Iooday anid the3 simuply contlirm the
inf ormiat ion conItainetd inl t hi.e dis
pat chies yet'erday that: thorn are
many operatives not only on tbe
verge of starvation, but absolutely
without shelter or homes.
CONDITIONS GESTTINO woRsE.
"After this great troule on Satur
day," said Judge Williams, "all of
us got toget her and a personal can
vaas was made of the sufferers around
us here at mill No. 3. We divided
our food and made every arrange.
mnent that we could for the sufferers
temporarily, thinking that something
would be done for their comfort by
mill owners in a day or two. Noth
ing has been done, however, and the
conditions are getting very h,ad with
us here. But they are nothing com
pared to what. they are at Mills No.
1 and 2. At the latter place the
suffering is terrible, and why the
committee in Spartanburg (10es not
loosen up is more than I can under
stand. These people need food and
money. They are not being treated
right at all. Something should be
clone and done at once. If it isn't
we will have a lot of starving people <
on our hauds in addition to the
trouble we already have."
Judge Williams and his friend
were returning from this visit from
mill No. 2 when they were approached
by two nieatly dressed old women
who asked them what they must do.
The women explained that they had
been refused credit at the company's
store and that they did not have a
.thing to eat in their homes and knew
not which way to turn. Mr. Morris
gave them a dollar.
GRN ORAFEE DELAYED.
Prof. Hogan will probably wire
the governor. . The people of the
stricken district have beejp anxiously
awaiting the arrival of Gen. Chaffee
with the tents and provisions or
dered by the war department. This
is barren hope, however, for the rail.
roads could not until t- Aight get the
necessary things here. The people
at Converse (Clifton No. 8) have
been vainly awaiting a train from
Charlotte. It was reported two days
ago that a carload of provisions and
tents were to be sent here, but they
had not arrived up to late tonight
and nothing has been heard from
them and the operatives have almost
given up hope of speedy relief. If
the present condition could be re
lieved there is everything in store for
Other mills in the State have arisen
to a sense of the frightful condition
existing in the valley and today the
Poe company, and the. American
Spinning comFany of Greenville, the
Bennettsville company of Bennetts
ville, the Winnsboro company of
Winnsboro, the Concord company of
Concord, N. C., the Avon mills, the
Lancaster mills and the Union mills
all offered to take a part of the
The Southern Railway company
has also offered to transport them
free and if the sufferers can be sup
plied with some bedding and cloth
ing they may be able to start life
anew. The trouble is to relieve the
present condition and tide the oper
atives over until they can be pro
vided with the most necessary things.
There was a meeting of the di
rectors of the Pacolet mills held this
afternoon. The following out of town
directors were present: Frank E.
Taylor of Charleston, G. H. Milliken
of New York and R. K. Waring of
Two resolutions were passed:
First, That the meeting of the
stockholders be called for July 14
to consider the advisability of re-.
building the entire plant.
Second, That Victor Montgomery
be authorized to repair and fix up
mill No. 3 to operate, which will re
quire six months.
The directors of the Clifton have
not muet. The necessary number can
not reach here on account of railway
TRAINS IN AGAIN.
Trains are now rnning on the
Southerni main line from Charlotte
to Spartanb~urg. Lawson's Fork tres
tle has been repaired SQ trains can
pass over. Trips to and from Au
;tmta are being maede each day. A
special fronm Carlisle is still operat
Up to t his time $12,000 has been
mubscribed to the relief fund. An
mormonu. quantity of articles of ap
arel bed clothes and food has been
The relief committee has sent
1p1,000 to Clifton anid $500 to Paco
The body of an unknown white
woman, fished fromt Pacolet river,
uiear Jonesville, was sent to this city
~or burial this afternoon, one of Clif
A SAD INOIDENT.
A sad incident of the flood is that
f Tomn Henderson. He returned
ome to Cliftoni y4sterday from serv
ng in the Tenth United StateE in
antry in the Philippines He found
tie mother's b)ody floating near the
us of a portion of the Clifton No.
in the Pacolet river.
SOME STORIES OF THE FLOOD.
The funeral of Mrs. Robert Finlay
scourred late yesterday afterno.-m and
today Will Calvert who resid6d near
her home t Wo. 2 Santuo turned up
with the life insurance of his father.
His mother, Mrs. Livy dalvert, a
his brother, and 'sister, Lulu and
Feli*, were0 all four drowned. I6.
surnce was old Calvert's'hpkby ani
his boy will have a tidy sum. There
has been much discussion astq,the
finding of so few bodies. There is
nothing 'Unusual -about this for the
reason tt .there has at no time
been any orgainized search for them,
and those that have been foutd were
in most instances discovered by the.
merest accident. A mau was dig
ging to find some trace of his house
in atid toddy wheun after going
about two feet in the sand he dis
covered three bales of cotton which
had been entirely covered up. This
clearly gives an idea of about what
might have happened to somc of the
The body of Julius Bigerstaff of
Santue, and also the body of the
boy, Lawson Waddell, were found
in the sand just below Clifton.
They were in such a condition that it
was necessary to bury them at once.
A.. W. Greer, an aged man who re
sided in the mill No. 3 district, was
buried this afternoon. Greer had a
remarkable escape. Despite the
fact that he was nearly 70 years old
he managed to grasp a tree and
save himself. He finally died last
evening, however, as a result of his
wounds. Still another dead body of
a woman was found near Union to
day, bringing- the total up to about
TRAIN PALL, INTO RIVER.
Terrible Accident on the Seaboard Near
Carlisle - Three Lives Re
Charlotte, N. C., Jun# 10.-A
special to The Observer from Union
News reached here late Monday
evening of a terrible accident at
Broad river bridge on the Seaboard
Air Line railroad, by which three
lives are said to have been lost.
Seven hundred yards of trestle were
washed away from the southern ap
proach to the bridge, near Carlisle.
This afternoon the railroad people
sent a pile driver to begin the work
of repairing the trestle.
When the engine and driver had.
reached the middle of the bridge, it
gave way and bridge, engine, driver
and crew of 10 were precipitated into
It is said that the railroad people
report the loss of three lives.
Union, June 9.-Eight persons
went down with a pile driver in Broad
river yesterday on the Seaboard;
four are reported missing. Another.
report says only one is dead. The
latter is likely true.
The disaster occurred on the Ches
ter side of the river and the railroad
authorities will not give the names
of the injured. They were taken to
New York Newspaper Flyer And A Freight
Came Together Near
Charlotte, N. C., June 10.-Sonith
ern railway train No. 97,' the fast
mail from New York to New Orl.ans,
routed via Columbia, on account of
recent flood, collided with a freight
train near Fort Mill about 6.80 o'clock
Monday afternoon. Only one man,
Engineer W. A. Wilson of Columbia,
was seriously injured. One ankle
was broken by jnmping and the leg
bruised so that he may lose it. The'
occupants of both cabs jnmped.
T1he contact was head-on, at full
speed, and occurred on a high fill.
The engines were nadly torn up and
both rolled down the embankmenzt.
Five or six freight cara wvere demol
ished andl one mail car considerably
damaged. Some of the mail clerks
were slightly bruised. The track will
probably be cleared by morning. It
is said that the freight crew misread
orders and ran past the meeting
EAST ST. LOUIS
inS RIVBR RISSS SUDDBNLY WIThOUT
People Take Refuge in Second Stories and
on Roots, But Ine-Story Cottagip
St. Louis, Mo.; June ro.4-Al
most two-thirds of the territoty of
East .t. Louis, Ills., is under
from-two to fifteen feet of water.
Between sunset last night and
lawitoday eleven Yives were sac
rificed'i 6the waters and damage
which no man today attempted to
estimate has been done to' the' prop
Probably never before in the his
tory of the country has a more val
iant fight been made by brave men,
with defeat staring them in the
face to protect lives and property
than has been made by the cit
izens of East St. Louis. When
the rising Mississippi river began
to threaten the city last Thursday
morning Mayor Silas Cook ordered
men to work to construct sand bag
levees at once. The river rose
higher and more men were em
ployed. Citizens of the best classes
worked side by side with the labor
ers. Since Thursday morning five
thousand men, under the leadership
of Mayor Silas Cook, without sleep,
with little rest and food snatched at
intervals, have toiled unceasingly to
strengthen levees and to do every
thing possible to,save the city. Not
a wheel of industry is turning in
East St. Louis. The smokeless
chimneys of manufacturing plants
stand lifeless while the flood whirls
at the foundations.
The vast railroad yards are out
lined by hundreds of half sub
merged cars, and here and there
stand locomotives only half visi
Huge grain elevators stand sur
rounded by a veritable sea.
To the south, beyond the railway
yard, are thousands of homes, main
ly humble cottages, owned by the
laborers and containing their all,
submerged to the eaves.
In Northern East St. Louis the
description is repeated, but not on
such a large scale.
TII BUSINESS PORTION
of the city and the district contain
ing the better residences is still in
tact; ',but for how long?" is the
When boats were rowed along
side homes where the occupants
MAROONED IN SECOND STORIEs
and on roofs, in the great majority
of cases the occupants could not be
induced to leave. They said to
leave meant that their belongings
would be left to the mercy of river
thieves and;they ;vvould remain and
stand guard. Strangely the women
were those most unw illing to be
rescued, although sonme of them
wep)t in terror. They were assured
that a thorough boat patrol would
be established, with orders to kill
river thieves on sight, and finally
the unwilling householders were
persuaded to go to land. -As wives
entered boats that were too full to
carry. husbands and children and
were sent ahead they wept and
clasped each other in abject fear
that some farther calamity mighit
separate them forever..
At the landings weeping women
were assisted from the boats aind
throughout the day scores of
boats rescued hundreds of refu
:Attorney T. E. D)emnpcy, who
has charge of Camp Refugee, said
'wE MUST Ii AvE FOOD.
East St. Louis is cut off from
sources of Aupply and what she had
hats beeni largely drawn upon dur.
ing the p)ast week. Large amounts
of food were dest royed b)y the water
last night, ad we are in need of
additional food to care for the suf
fering people. The viaduct is uin
safe and wagons cannot reach St.
Louis. Railroad traalic is cut off
and the situation confronting us is
growing grave. Food must be se
cured in some manner, or people
already in distress will suffer
the river suddenly began to rise.
The city was made safe along the
river front, but suddenly a nw
danger menaced. Word was re
ceived that the Illinois Central
embankment, skirting the river
along the southern boundary of the
city, was threatening to give way.
Couriers were sent on horseback
and afoot to shout warnings to the
inhabitants of the southern half of
the city. Carloads of .sand bags
were rushed to the place and work
was hurriedly begun. Accustomed
to warnings the inhabitants did not
leave their homes. Higher and
higher rose the water until a thin
stream began pouring over the
embankment and suddenly it
Hundreds of families from the
choicest residence portions of the
city carrying trunks, grips, bundles
Af clothing and valuables, began to
oross Eads Bridge tow ird St. Louis.
Most of refugees were scantily clad
Strong men carried aged women
in their arms, followed by women
with babies. Barefooted children
were in the procession, which con
tinued steadily over the bridge.
Hundreds of others sought protec
lion in the second story of the pub
lic library building. Congressman
Itodenburg estimated that thirty
lives were lost in the flooding of the
lower portion of East St. Louis
-arly this morning.
It is estimated that io,ooo inhab
itants are affected by the district
ilready flooded and that 500 to 6oo
tre iiniediately in danger from
WHAT IT WOULD COST TO REBUILD
Where Pacolet Mills I and 2 Stook
Even the Ground Is Washed
rpartanburg, June 8. -Pacolet No
I was built in 1882 and No 2 was
sreeted in 1888. These two were
united, making really one mill. In
1894 No 3 was built a little lower
down the river. There were '7,000
spindles and 2,190 looms. To build
and eqmip with good machinery three
such mills would cost about $800,000
to $1,000,000. Mills No I and 2
were completely wrecked. The
ground where they stood is not left.
At that mill about 3,500 bales of
cotton anid 4,000 bales of cloth were
carried down. Quay, a worthy and
industrious negro, was drowned wh ile
trying to save some bales of cotton.
That was the only death reported at
Glendale Mill may be the first to
start up. The damage is not be
lieved to be very great there.
PRESIDENT OF ROANOKE.
I)r. Dreher Resigns and the Position is
Offered to President Morehead of
the Lutheran Seminary.
Rloanolke, Va., June 10. --President
Julins D). Dreher, of Roanoke Col.
lege, 'jituated at Salem, hats tendered
his resignation to the board of trus.
tees and it has been accepted. The
presidlency has been oflered to Dr.
James A. Morehead, president of
tl.eLutherani Theological Sem inary of
the Lutheran Church of thme South,
at Charleston, S. C., but no answer
has been received yet.
Dr. Droher hats been connected
with Rtoanoke College for thirty-two
years and for twenty-five years was
itse president. He long since do
aided to retire when he had served
twenty- five years as president. He
rleclines to say what his futnre plans
Fire. He was thme oldest colle'g4 presi
tIent~ in Virginia in point of service,
suid is one of the best known edn-.
r3ato(rH ini the South.
Miss ItuthI Hannia andio Robert 8.
McCormick, a Chicago millionaire
minister to Russia, were married at
Cleveland, 0., On WednesdIay. In
b)eauty the weddmng is said to have
excelled any ever hmtld ini Cllanu.
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS.
Items of More or Less Interest Condiensed
In the State.
Andy Davis, eolred mhot him mioth.
or, step fathor aid sistor all wit b ono
load from a shtot gu, on Sndav, in
Anderson eounty. Thet% sholt followpd
a fuss, tarted about practically ioth.
White caps went to the loie of
Dock Hogani, about eight Illilos from
Columbia, on 8aurdty ilghtI anId
whippod him litlaiorcifully hecatit
Hogan had givIen inlforIation by
which the diipesary coastablest woe
enabled to seizo Huve id humed ro
gallons of liquor shipped to partiom
The dead body of Il. J. Jih4nson,
a whitesaw mill man, was foundtl ly ing
onl his bed last. weik inl an abaildonod
section hous11H at, tle O ait t li ['e I)O
bridge near Dilloti. llo lad beon
shot. witi a 18 etillibro pi tol. 'lhero
1s no clue as tt heo 1autho1ir of t(he
crime. Johison't wifo with a ian
whom she (aied1 to b1 bor br-00t01
Mrs. d. C. loozor, of Williaiston,
who wais accmintaly slh rocontly
by a pistol which drpoi!i,l -tt of hor
wardrobe whilo sh was arranging
some colthos, is r1pot.I1d to bw inl a
very critical comditimi.
The Govornor hkat oiered a rOward
of $200 for tiho whocitapprs who un
mercifully whipped I lt,gan. living
The 8tat Board ha1ts ihlsed tho at1i
sessm8ents of the1 Suthrn 8011pr0,
the Wostoern Uioni, nid Plillbmn
Conpanlies, inermasiig ie vialiat ion
of taxable propoerity by iarly $300,
000. There will bo a vigirots pro
An ordiniace hais been int odiced
in the Columbia City Couile rO<piPir
ing the streetcar eompietsiv to pro.
vide seperate acconmuodttions fr t eo
Mr. E. W. Croft, leading counlfsel
for Ja.. 11. Tilbtan, iatiH Hiatl itlit
an attempt will bo imado to got a
chango of vonuo. P)tpors will be
filed today, sorving notive (oI t'he
prosecuting at t oreo H.
Mayor Calvert, of Spart tahIr, Says
This Amount is Sulieient fIt the
Flood Sufferers at Present.
Tuesday ncight $1,1100 hatd IhIOn
subscribe cd for thle rel i.tf of I th e tufer
era in the Ilood duist rictH. NIlayt r
Calvert conisidors I 1thitttu adtgatj tt
for the omoergencey, atonig wi tie at ieles
of food ad c'lothinrg doniat d.
Mayor A relh B. Calve'rt gave on t
the following statrntt'.
"Thle peoplel of Spatrtaurtg and1(
the sufferors fromtheIt recuttt,l flod
in tis CI cut.y~ hcavo bo'on profoundly13'
touched by thet guereos (cntibu1)1
tiouus that heave conntt Mi prmply
from all partH of thle cotutrye n r
l ievo thle dIistreuss amne' ng lHthtultorers
from e~ ielood at I th muills in thIis
ho:cs largo that~ it is tow C thoughet
by3 thet relief conotte(lnu hee tt
THERE IS NO
SERIOUS SITUATION IN MILL VALLBY
The Death List Has Grown Until It Bears
Charlotte, N. U., June 10.-As the
wind is tempered to the shorn lamb,
hOlp came to the hard pressed suffer
('s oil I he Pacolet sand dunes and
wastes today. Through no lethargy,
but not fully comprehending the des
titution of the operatives, the cow.
inittee having charge of the subscrip
tion fund has not hastened with its
work. Toda), however, a committee
comprising it. H. F. Chapman, chair
man, W. It. Dillingham, W. E. Bur
iet, John Baine, John A. Law, and
Dr H4. It. Blake went to the scene.
The3 found the conditions as already
rnet iit y depicted in toeso dis.
patchos, and t he work of relief is now
on in tariost. It has come in the
1nick of time.
Itit the silver tints now show
pininly for the unfortuiates and it'it
not likely that they will have to un.
dergo imore sufforing in the hellish
heat of the sand lands. A carload
of clothing, food and provisions and
mnwy wast itken t lie operatives today.
Work is in sight, the Southern rail
way, with a liberality rare, is issuing
pasHos to tiny of them that care to
leave ind the situation, which had
eh at desperato aspent yesterday
mthe( ilm day bmfore, is relieved.
lioports frout !he outlying districts
are c01ing in and it is only a matter
of tiie when moro dead bodies will
bo diseovered. The finding of an
other dead body today makes the
tot il nonb111hr (2. Despite tile fact
that thie niyor of Spartianburg has
snid thiat further subscriptions were
iiecessairy, they cone in and pleas
int things of Columbia's liberality
are hoard at every turn. A few
hours ago the sight of a storm cloud
in the sky filled tho hearts of theop
eratives with fear, but so furnace
liko has been tho heat in the valley
of the Pacolet that the storm of this
afternoon was welcomed with delight.
A fler it had east its waters downward
it rainbow rose out of the low sand
lands and tipped its crescent on the
green hillside above the Converse
wreck The operatives, dense and
ignorant, regarded it in wonder and
hotpo lFor the tragedies of the Red
Hoa worol no moore direful than theire.
A Wise Lady.
The A bhoville Medhium says: "A
priactical womian remarked the other
day1 thait the most interesting things
it the netwspapjers to her are the ad
velrtiing c,olummns." ''Long ago,''
sIhe said, "I <luit buying of those who
din'ti advertise. It has always
seemiedi to mne that the merchant who
advertises inivites mec to trade with
htimi, while the one wvho (does not ad
ve'rt tilt unpresses met withI the idea
thauit hto doesn't care enough for my
trade to ask for it. Then, too, I
have found that the mainagement
who adlvertises htas fresher goodts,
for' the ranson, I suppose, be sells