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ESTABLISHED 18t. NEFWBERRY, Z. C, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1903 WICE A W FA
AVENGE THE CRIME.
THE PEOPLE OF NORWAY TAKE THE
LAW IN THEIR HANDS.
Armed 'Iegroes Threatened Whites, Who
Disarmed and Whipped Them,
and Lynched Prisoner.
Norway, S. 0., July 1.-The peo
ple of this ordinarily peaceful com
munity avenged the mortal wound
ing of Johp T. Phillips, an old Oon
federate soldier, early this morning
by lynching Charles Evans, a mu.
latto negro who along with his brother
im Evans, are known all over the
utcommunity as two bad men. In ad
h ,;ldition to the lynching the best citi
zens of the place agreed that it was
only right and proper to teach a les
son to several negroes who came
.within the env-ronments of the village
tarmed and threatening, and they
, Ltook them out just before Evans wa
'lynche'd and severely beat then. In
formation was received here this
af ernoon that Jim Evans had given
himself up in Orangeburg, and the
present humor of the merchants and
the farmers in the vicinity may be
indicated by the fact that they have
agreed that the law may be allowed
to proceed, with its punishment of
the remaining fiend.
Whatever may he the merits or de.
merits of lynch law there perhaps
never wag an instance nefore where
the Qircumstances came so near justi
fying the crime.
STORY OF TH1E CRIME.
The trouble dates back to last Sat
urday morning and, as is usual in
such cases, started over a compara
tively small matter.
One of Phillips' boys whipped a
negro named Williams for swearing
at him. The two Evans negroes
were friends of the Williams negro.
Ai.er the whipping they made threats
against the whole Phillips family.
The Phillips house is a modest
home about a half mile from the rail
road and on the outskirts of the vil.
lage. At the south side is a big cot
ton patch, skirted by woods and so
situated that any one approaching
across the field can readily be seen
from the dining roon of the Phillips
home. It was not yet dark-a few
minutes before 8 o'clock ---oi Monday
evening, when many of the people
about the village were at supper, that
a shot rang out in thevillage. When
the smoke cleared away t wo figures,
evidently those of negroes, were seen
running across the big cotton field,
and cries of help were heard from
the Phillips home.
SCENE 0OF (IHAsTLY ORIME.
TIhe llev. D). f. (Croslanmd, whose
home is just next to the Phillips
hious~e, was the first one to get to the,
stricken family. There a scene met
his eyes that was tinged wit h a horror
that the community had niever known.
T[he aged Mir. Phillips was half lean
ing, half reclinmming on the arm of his
9) year old son, Lee. The supper
tab)le, which had jumst been spread(,
was literally covered with the blood
of the old soldlier' who had servedl
through the Civil wvar only to dlie ait
the baRnd1 of a negro. Th rough the
window paOJO of the porch window,
which happened to b)e (10own, there
were tL bullet holes that told the
story of how heavily charged the gun
had been, which aroused the whole
village and brought them to the
scene. Five of these shots had en
tered the back of Mr. Phillips, two
in the head, one at the top of the
spinal column and one under each
sholder. Another shot, grazed the
top of Ruby Phillips' head, wound
ing her pain fully but nxot dangerously,
anid anot her wonided the wrist of
another dlaughiter, Miss Maggie Phil
lips, about, 19. years old.
HERl BABE AN HIER ARMs.
Mrs. Phillhps was sitting at the
head of the table with her baby in
her arms. The whole table was coy
eredl withI pools of blood and the
family were for the mno. part panic
stricken. There were t wo notable
exceptionis, how'ever. There was not
a sigh of emotion about the ch ild Lee
and( as he supportedl his farther he
expressed the opinion that one of the v
Evans negroes had committed the I
crimA. The child, Ruby, who was
wounded, surprised the people who
quickly assembled at the house, - by
her actions, and it was found after '
some investigation that she was run
ning about the house trying to find
an old pistol that she might kill, as
she said, her farther's slayer. Mrs. t
Phillips was in such a' condition of
nervous prostration that the entire
village sat up to nurse and care for
her and try and save her husband
who, it seems, was the greatest favor
ite in the town, and much respected
because of his valiant service during
ASSASSN JAILED K
1t was on Tuesday morning, when
all hope of Mr. Phillips' life was
given up, that a diligent search for
the assassin was begun.
Charles i,vans was lodged in the
guard house early yesterday morn
ing and the news began to spread
around the neighborhood. 9
It was not long after Evans was 8
safely placed in the guard house, r
which is simply a wooden building a
entirely insecure, that the people B
from all the country about began to F
arrive in numbers. - They were quiet t
and orderly and all asked what C
was to be done. F
The population of the town is but 9
little over 200 and it boasts the fact
that there has not been a drunken P
man within its borders within three
years, but the throng increased to t
over 500, and every hour brought in C
more strangers, for runners about.
the country had carried the news that
the negroes were arming themselves t
and were about. to make further trou d
ble. As the farmers came in with t
their shotguns and rifles slung across b
their shoulders, they laughed at the
idea of the negroes making more li
trouble and said that they would not
leave the place until "the law had
taken its course."
All went well until 11 o'clock, A
when a negro courier came into
town and said that if the farmers
wanted "a man they could come to 'l
the outskitts of the town and get
one." This message came like the n
explosion of a bomb shell. Fifteen h
or twenty men went to meet the k
armed negroes. As soon as they ap
proached, most. of the negroes laid d
down their arms. Those who did v
not were immediately disarmed, and t
the whole crowd was marched off to t
the guard house. c
BLOOD ON THlE MOON. m
But this incident hadl served to
niore greatly incite the anger of
every one assemblled in the village
and even the most prominent men in
the towni began to shake their heads
anid wVondelr what was comning niext.
The afterp,on anid the early part of
the night passed under stress of thie
greatest excitemenit in the wvhole com
munity. Men who knowv the popI
lace like a book say that it is only
the providence of God that kept the
life of thle wounded Phillips hanging
b)y a thread all day. H-ad he dlied
t here is but little dloubht buit that
thi're woould haive ben al race wvar,
for thle niegroes, wvho seemed to have
no prudence undler I he premises, con
tinned to arrive ini town m numbers
anid it was known that. muany of them
were armied with pistols.
TIhe crowd waited until nearly 2
o','lock before anyt hing was (lone anmd
thei h e act ion was summary.
The negroes all expected to he
lynche.d anid their fear was great. It
was undierstoodl that t hey knew of
tke acts of the Evans boys and they
wvere made tn tell what they knowv.
At tirst they did thiq very relnetant-.
ly. Onme by one they were cowhided
within an inch of t heir lives iad then
they tol their stories. It is remiark.
able that all t.hree o'f the negroes,
who like all of their kind lie in tear
auid lie uinder ailI circumstances,
should have 10ohl the sanme tales.
Charles 1Evans shot Mr. Phillips,
they all said. His brother helped
him to get ready for the crimne and
went with him when he shot into thle
Phillips household. TIhat Jinm was
an accessory to the crime t,bey piroved
by stories t.hat tallied, absolutely, but.
ach said that it was Charles who
ired the shot-.
THE REAL WORK OF THE NIGHT.
After the negroes had been beaten
o that they will be marked for life
hey were put back in the guard
ouBe and then began the real work
f the night. Evans was taken out
Ind carried to the outskirts of the
They lifted th6 negro, his yellow
ace shining in the lights of the lan
rnos, bodily from the ground and
arried him out in a little woods be
ond the town-not very far, to be
ure, not r1ore than 200 yards at the
tmost, from the house where the old
oldier's lifeblood was oozing out,
Lowly, and some of them would have
arried him further but for the fact
lat the string of lies that. lie cried
ut on the night air seemed to on
age them more and mior--at every
top they took.
HURLED INTO ETIMITY.
Finally they put him down on the
round and a semi circle of mon
Lood about him-some with their
ifles raised for fear that he, noted as
fleet-footed negro, would escape
nd the customary piece of rope wits
roduced. It took but a moment
ion to put it about his neck and the
:wardly brute wias told to inake his
eace with his God. Instead he beg.
ed for mercy.
"Ask Phillips," was the laconic re
ly, and the rope was made taut..
"Now stand hack mnen and riddle
bie brute, so that every negro that
IMes this way t-omlorrow may hauve
Two hundred guns were fired at.
is word an( when your correspon
ent went to the scene this morning
.ere were just 12 wounds in the
Phillips is still alive, though his
fe is hanging by a thread.
SHOT DOWN AT SUPPER.
Most Foul Assassination In the Town
of Norway-Highly lespected Man
Norway, June 29.-One of the
iost horribkc murders was commiitted
ore tonight that has ever beon
nown in this county.
John T. Phillips, white, wits sitting
own eating supper with his faimily
rhen some unknown party shot
brough the window hitting hiim in
be back of the head and shooting
ut his brains. The shot also hit
wo of his children, a small41 girl
bout 9 years old and a little boy
Mr. Phillips was au highly re
pected white mann of this town.
Last Saturday evening he and two
f his sons had soume trouble with
0111 niegroes bunt nothing of a char
oter to provoke such a deed.
Norway, J une 30.-Up to this
our t here seems to be 1no mtateorial
levelopment in the imurdler of J ohn
l'. Phillips. TPhey have live negroes
mdtier arrest, but nuo positivYe proof
in eit her as to whet her they or any
if themi had any tIhig to do withI the
nurder. It is geneIrally3 thought
mid there is very good circnumstan
in! evidence that one of the niegroes
tow under arrest wvas thle man t hat
~ommiitted the horrible acet.
TIhis mant is Charley Evans, 0one ol
he nesgroesi that the Phillips' hiad
little trouble with last Satuirda3
fternoon. HeI is a mani of bad
~haracter andl a very gritty ones. Th(
ither four, it is thought, are acces.
tories to the crime and know all
ibout it. None of theni hats miade
sonfession, but.assert.their inniocentce.
Week End Rates
From points on the A tlantic Coasi
Line to Seaside Resorts, tickets on sak
Baturdauy, goodl retu rning includling Mon.
lay following, attractive schedules, uin.
murpassled ser'vice S u mer Tourmis'
'Pickets to Miount ain and Seaside Riesort:
limitedl for return panssage to Octobel
31st on sale until September 30thi.
For full p)art,iculars, rates, etc, taI
onh ticket Agents or write,
W. .1. CRtA IG,
General Passenger A gent
11. M. EMERSON,
Wilmington, N. (.
DATES AND CAMPS
HAVE BEEN FIXED.
COLUMBIA, GREENVILLE AND ANDEUR
Worried by Transportrtlon.-The Regi
ments, Companies and Their
The State, July 2.
The First regiment of inilita of
the State will go into camp tit Uo
lurabia on the 20th of July, the
Secoud regiment will be camped at
Gieenville one week later and the
Third regiment will go to Anderson
the first week in August. The time
and place of encampment of the
cavalry regiment has not yet been
designated. The Naval Reserves
will not take part in this encampment,
the government making other pro.
visions for them.
This is the outcome of the de
liberations of the "war college
board" ?,f the State militia, if such a
designation is apropos for the con.
mission which met here yesterday.
At this meeting there were present.
Gov. Heyward, Gen. Frost, Assistant
Adjutant General Patrick, Gen.
Wile Jones, Col. J. C. Boyd, of
Greentville, Col. D. 0. Herbert, of
Orangeburg, Col. Henry Schachte,
of Charleston, and (Jol. Sparkman, of
Georgetown, commxianding the cav
Rock Hill, Camden, Sumter,
Charloston, Anderson, Greenville
aind Columbia submitted bids for
the c-eaimipment. of all or of part of
the troops. Each of these places
offered in writing to furnish camp
sites, drill grounds, water, lights,
fuel and free transportation of bag
gage. Camden mado an attractive
offer of the polo grounds; and may
yet be selected as the place for the
cavalry regiment to go into camp.
It was decided to limit the number
of each company to 60 men.
CENTRAL CAMP1 NExT Y.AR.
A resolution was passed to the
effect that: "It is the sense of this
committee that a central drill ground
be located and that the regiments be
ordered in turn to encamp at. that
central drill ground."
It was also decided to have a
seven days' encampment on fI ve
days' pay. In fqe-t, the matter of
linaices worried the committee no
little. As sr.ggest-ed in The State
yesterday Cho appropriation would
hardly hold out if the plans then in
view should have been carried out,
for the t.roop)s from the up country
wvanted to go to Charleston andl the
troop~s from the coast wvanted t.o go
11(111 TIDEW INTiEaIFEaIEn.
Unt after investigation it was
found that the hour in the afternoon
muost suited to drill wvork and to in
spe*ct ion wol d find( the beach at the
isle of Pahns covered1 with water,
and t hat uiost, attractive camnp site
was ruled ouit, and the lI irst regi
ment was ordered to Columbia in
stead1, saving the enucamnpment fund
several tund(redl dollars. Th'ie mtatter
of t ranusport at ion wvorried the comn
mnit tee no little, and the resolution
pract icailly lixinug Coliumbi a as the
pilace of encinpmenflOit for all of the
mitlit ia hereafter is regardled as the
onl y sotlut ion of thle transportation
'1The followinug comp~anIies comp1ose
Cot. Boy3 d's regimenet, which wilt
canmp hecre on the 20t h of J1 uly:
F"irst regi nuent, Col. J. C. Boyd,
(Greenvi lle Light in fantry, Green.
ville, Capt. E. M. Blythe.
[iiberty Hill Rifles, Lin)orty Hill,
CJapt. J. (I. Richards, Jr.
Smtyth Rtifles, Pelxer, Capt. .J.
Green wood Guiiards, (Greenwood,
Capt. Ira 13. Taylor.
Anuderson itifles, Anuderson, Capt.
JtO. A'l. P at rick.
Morganu litte's, Clinton, Capt. Jno,
I lasolwood( hulls, Chester, Capt
M. J. Wallace.
Catawn l(itlos, Rock Hill, Capt
11. M. Dunilap.
Lee Light I ufantry, Chester, Capt
it. (4 Mills.
Fort Mill Light Infantry, Fort
Mill, Capt. T. B. Spratt.
Jasper Light Infantry, Yorkville,
Capt. W. B. Moore.
Jonesville Guards, JbnesVleCapt.
R. W. Scott.
Col. Herbert's regiment, which
will go to Greenville the week fol
lowing will consist of the following
Kershaw Guards, Camden, Capt.
S. C. Zemp.
Richland Volunteers, Columbia,
Capt. L. W. Haskell.
Geo. R. Rembert.
Clumbia Light Infantry, Colun
bia, Capt. Chas. T. Lipscomb.
Tillman Volunteers, Orangeburg,
Capt. J. H. Claffy.
Edisto Rifles, Orangeburg, Capt.
Bamberg Onards, Bamberg, Capt.
W. It. Wright.
Fort Motte Guards, Fort Motte,
Capt. A. T. Darby.
Timmonsville Guards, Timmons
uille, Capt. W. H. Keith.
Darlington Guards, Darlington,
Capt. E. I. Cox.
Sumter Light Infantry, Sumter,
Capt. C. B. Yeadon.
Brookland Light Infantry, Sum
ter, Capt. U. B. Yeadon.
Brookland Light Infantay, Brook.
land, Capt. Shuler.
Bishopville Light Infantry. Capt.
G. le. Parrott.
The Third regiment, Col Schachte's
fine body of troops from Charleston,
received a special invitation from
Anderson and will go there Au
gust 3rd. The following are the
companies of that command:
Sumter Guards, Charleston, Capt.
T. T. Hyde.
WAashington Light Infantry, Char
leston, Capt. F. E. Robson.
Irish Volunteers, Charleston, Capt
I). F. Kearney.
German Fusifflrs, Charleston,
Capt. H. B. S6hroder.
Palmetto Guadq. Charleston, -Dapt
J. H. E. Stelling.
Georgetown . Rifles, Georgetown,
Capt. S. M. Ward.
Santee Riflei, Elloree, Capt. S. C.
Calhoun Light Infantry, Florence,
Capt. C. E. Johnson.
:l.artsville Light Infantry, Harts
viile, Capt. C. W. 'Joker.
THE RHODES SCHOLARSHIPS.
Details of the Exainination and Other
Proceedings Connected with the Ap
News and Courier.
Columbia, June 30.--Major Benj.
Sloan has received from the trustees
of the Cecil Rhodes scholarships a1:
ditional information as to the dlispo.
sition of these valuable scholarships
anid a summary of the same is:
TIhe trustees of the will of the
late Cecil J. Rhodes have prepared
the following memorandum for the
information of the college autho
rities andl intending candidateA for
scholaships in the United States:
The first election of scholars in the
United States under the Rhodes be
qjuest will lie made between Feb
ruary and May 1904. The elected
scholars will commence in October,
190(4. A qfualifyin1g examination will
be held within this period in each
State andI Territory, or at centres
which can be easily reached. This
exammnation is riot competitive, but
is itntenuded to give assurance that
all candlidates are fully qualified to
enter on a course of study at Ox
It will therefore be based on the
requirements for the first public ex
amination exacted by the university
for each candidate for a degree.
T1here is t.o be one scholarship from
T1hem Rhodes scholars are to be
seleIcted( fromi candidates who have
suiccesfully3 passed this examination.
The requirements for the exatnina.
tion, as stated in the statutes of the
University of Oxford, are as followa:
Candidates must offer the follow
First, Asithmetic-the whole.
Second. Edit.her algebra-addition
subtraction, mIoltipli,jtiolj, tlivllioll,
greatest common factor, least com.
mon utiltiple fractions, extraction
of square root, simple (quat-ion, con
taiing one or two mituiown (untii
ties, and probleis producing sneh
Or, geometry, Books I, II, Koclid's
axioms, will be ieqiuired, and no p4o iof
of any proposition will be admittod
which assumes the proof or anything
not proved in prceding pm-pomit ion
Third. Greek and Latin gram.
Fourth. Transilation from eimglislh
into Latin prose.
Fifth. Greek and Latin authobrs.
Candidates inmst offor t wo books
one Latin and one rook - or1 i
seen translation. Tiey are oxpected
to be able to do corretly muins irl
vulgar and decimal fractions prae
1. Proportion and its appheations,
interest, square mionmire mid squiaro
2. Candidatos should be carfui t(
answer questioni inl both bmdks.
A list of those who have suicess
fully passed the examination will w-a
soon F.s poEsible be fuirnished to t be
chairman of the committO of solve
tiou in each Stato, or to tho ulniver
sity making tho appointiniit, anld
from this list the com itt00s or ui
versity will proceod to olvet Ohe
scholars. Tihe committes and uii.
versities making appointmonts will
1)b furnished with a statniom. of (th4
qualifications which M r. 'hodEls do
sired in the holders of lhis scholar
sbip, and they will bo asHked il oxor
cising their right, of seloction to com
ply as nearly as circimstano will
permit with the spirit of the tstitator's
They will be asked to furnisli to
the trnstees as full i statomemt as
possible of the school and collegs,
course of each elected scholar. It
has been decided that aill scholars
shall have reached at l(atit 11ho ond
of their sophomore, or seond, year
of some recognized college or uni
versity of the United States.
Scholars must b) unniarriod, muii1st
be citizens of the Unitod States and
must be betwoen I) and 25 years of
ago. Where several eandiatos pro
sent thenselves fromi a singl 111
varsity the committee in charge of
selection will request tie faculty of
the college to decide bot wooii their
olafins on the basisi of Mr. lthodes'm
suggestions, and presenit. to 0hm vom
mittee the nameli (of t he' candidaIto
chosen by that college as5 its repre
sentat ive ini thle finial election1.
Candidates for scholarship shonh11(
during tihe month of Jianary, I 11I,
notify the chairmnan of the conlimnit te4
on selection mn thle SI at 4 for whlichi
they apply, or the head1 (of the ii
versity appoinitinig to the, scholar
ship of thier initentionl to piresenlt
themselves for examiintiitioni.
The decision (of the( con114uit t(44 (If
'selection or th14 un1ivers8ity al4411 be4
final as regards4 eligibility.
Any inquiries about Ox ford, its
colleges anid course (of studoy 1ion(11Id
b)e adldress4ed to F. I. WXyli44, the( Ox
ford agenti of the lthde 1 t4(5Irust 4444.
F4ollowing this is a1I (iof th44
State ulniversities5 and c(olle4gIs, I Ii'
presidents (of whic o are t(o at as 1th4
chairnieni of Lthe conuni4iit t4e444 of sele0(
In this list appea144rs I 1h4 nain1e ol
the South Carol in Col lego.
Special Sale of Summer it Ickets t(
thle Mountatns and Seashore.
The Columbia, NewherrTy & I,aurenli
Railroad (ihera Week-ICnd Specia
Summer rates to the Moutains; an;
to the Seahore and other suimmier reC
sorts. Tickets sold each Satuitrdaiy .J in
6th to August 29th, 1903, inchusive, a1
follows: From Newberry, S. C., to
Charleston, S. C.............. ......$
Cross Hill, S. C............ ....2 0
Glenn Springs, S. C................ 2 i
Greenville, S. C...................2 2
Isle of Palms, S. C............... 5
Spartanburg, S. C................ I'
Sullivan's Island, S. C.. ...........% I
Waterloo, S. C. (Iarris Sprinig)... 2 (1
White Stone Lithia Springs, S. C. 2 I
These are week end tickets, sold( (oneL
Saturday, final limit Tuesday followini
date of aale.'
F1or further information and1( sehe<
ules, call on or write
Ji w. I).nnin, Aget
OLD NEGRO SLAIN;
BLOODY WORK OF A MOB EN THB PIBI)
The Victim was Respected---The Affair is
Condemnied--Probable Cause of the
Anderson, July L------ Iiubon El
rod, a respected old negro who
lives near Piodmnont, wa uhot and
killed in his owu home about 10
o'clock last. night., and three negro
wonliol, who woro occupants of the
Hiamllo house, woro given a sovere
Dotails of the affair are mengre.
Magistrato Bowen hold an inquest
ovor the body of tfhe doad negro to
day. Ti verdiot of the jury was
that he omino to his doath at the
iands of parties unknown.
'I'lo wolmlol, Who toltineod at the
inquost, maid that about 10 o'010ck
last niight a crowd of about 50 white
muon viamn to tho hiouso an after
shooting amd killing Elrod, gave
tliemi a sevoro beating and warned
thbon to Ioavo th country.
Tle wOMnn a theli y did not recog
Ii Zl anyiV of their ASHailaHIO, but tfhat
they (id not live in that. community.
This is il tiiht, is (otinitely known.
Tho general supposition is that the
woien were ohjoOtiounblo to the
people of the comiaunity and that a
posmo of cit iz(1H weit, io the hous,
clstiso tim and drivt% then away
m1,1ul t hat. EIrod rsisted tlhmn and
The affair is strongly oondeined
by tIm peoplo ill and around Pied
mont anld a. t1horoigh investigation
will hikoly bm had.
SOUTIl CAROLINA NEWS.
Items of More or Less Interest Condensed
In the State.
Dr. J. A. Morelied, of the Luth
erai Sominar, Mt. Plonsant., ias no
copted the presidoney of Roanoke
Colllge, Sal41, VOL.
Orminwoodl's fourti bank has been
ehartored' under Lie nmne of tho
Ijonn and Ex(hIlango bank. Ml r. C.
1'. Sinnons hIs boon choson prosi
Mr. Jaimes I, Andrews, of Oroen
wod, who was soriousHly injured by
beOinrg t hrown fromt at freight o ar in
miot(in lams Saturday, dlied on 'Tues
day ini Augusta. Hie wash a well
MI iss Hollon Nott1, a young lady of
Spatrt arnurg, had a narrow escatpe
fromi death in a runi-awvay onl Tues
day. She had been driv ing with Mir.
J. II. Sloan an:d just as lhe got out of
the huggy th pa4 ~iir of hiorises made a
tunal datshi. By sheer pluck she
stoppedli thet teamJi and1( saved her
It..[llox, tonict (Sd ( f manslaughi -
tor ini Hapt)on counity, anid r41centlty
refused a now trialh by the supreme
heI bioard that hits trial was refused,
and0 sought admriit ance to the Pei
Alltiary. Adotance att first was re
f.usedimtr. , b)ocansia h1e brought. no
(commi rit mn nIta aprs, tbut the aut hori
itie onsenliHted( to keep himt until lie
should get his !omntmntlilt patpers.
11' wasr (out oni hood( and1 left for the
Penritenitiary without. not ifyinig his
Theu strcoot. car stinke situat ion in
Rlichmttond wats qutiet thle nrst part of
I hei woo4k, an1(1dO ars we re runin zg w i.
The Amiierican ( squadro t ailed 1411on
Tuiesday froru JKiel, all the (iorman
Isip sah 41itintg and1( the ArLuoricanis
) reply ilng. 'I T recep,ti on extended
at K iol is regardod as very sigiio.
I An ox plosionm of firo darn p in) a
Smine at I [anna, Wyo., on Tuesday
' Mtnuiif0d out thu lives of 234 mcin, in
p- ju rold coros of others auid caused thle
dIestrtltion( of a vast~ amiount of prop.