It mbm I l at
--TIUP'a n avr 1
TO PUT STATE ON CASH BASIS.
Special Legislative Committee Meets in
Columbia-Hon. Geo. S. Mower Chosen
News and Courier.
Columbia, August 18.-At the re
cent session of the Generai Assem
bly, after killing all pending logisla
tion relative to taxation, i concurrent
resolution was introduced and adopt
ed .looking to the appointment of a
pecial commission to inquire into
' best plan of getting the State
lsh basis and of adjusting
for the State. This com
was duly appointed and
of Senators Mower and
g and Representative Moses,
commission was appointed af
e cOusideration and the best
e selections were made. . The
asion held its first meeting to
but the individual members
I devoted a great deal of time
ttention to the entire tax prob.
nd will be in excellent shape to
plish the very best results.
jThat the commission has a most
rtant and serious work is recog
by evoryone. The manifest ino
ality of the assessment of taxable
roperty has been time and again
phasized and brought officially to
e attention of the General Assem
That there is now plenty of law
on the statute books is admitted by
all, and members of the commission
are free to admit that if the existing
laws were executed there would be
no trouble, but that tax officers have
gotten into a certain rule and unless
there is a change in the law nothing
will be done, and it may be that the
commission may take this view of the
The tax question is by far the
most'important that will come up at
the approaching session of the Gen
oral Assembly, but whether anything
will be really done it is difficult to
foretell. The general practice has
been to kill everything on the sub
One great and crying evil of the
tax system, and whicti will hardly
come within the province of the com
mission, is the utter incompetency
and political fear of county auditors
and treasurers. A great mistake wa3
made when these offices were put in
the primary, and the pity is that
there seems to be no way to get them
out of the system. It is to be sup.
posed that the people of a conty
would select the most competent and
acti.ve men for county auditor and
county treasurer. Such is some
times the case, but generally speak.
ing the primary system has not so
-resulted ini most counities. Busi.
ness men will not imi my cases con
sent to go throngh a carmpaign such
as is held iii many counmtiis, anid the
result is that some man utterly in
coinp..tent, with one arm or one leg,
and with large connelct ions arid good
political pulls, will get the oilice.
The result i1r that thle oflice goos to
the bow wows anid good resnlts are
not obtained. Take this c-ounty, f. r
instance. Mr. W. 11aimptmn (ibIbes
was recently appointed to thle otlice.
What did he do? In a year's time
he has, by his activity and knmowledge',
added a million dlollars to the tax
books. Ini a few other counties good
audlitors are elected as a result of
the primary, b)ut if the oilices were
tilled with regrdu to comp jeteincy aind
niot with regard to pol it ical pull and
the like, miord' p)ropert y Would get on
the tax books and better values
woul be obtained. The law never
contemplated that these oilees should
ba in the primary, and they are now
and atlways have been appointive,
and it is merely a cuistomi that the
suggestions of the primary are
eqnivalanit to elect ioins.
Tlhe preseint. tax l aws and ainy
other law t hid might. bhr (lOVised miust
dependl very largely upon the coun -
It will be one of thle most dliflicult
tasks that thre comumisision will have
to suggest some practical way to
prevent one farmer baing allowed to
return his farm lands at $2.50 an
acre, and his neighbor being made to
pay taxes on practically the same
class of lands at $10 per acre.
It will he most fortunate if the
commission can got access to the
records that were filed with the State
board of equalization at its meeting
in 1902, showing the result of the
careful inquiry made as to the valu
ation of farm lands as related to the
assessed valuations. The facts were
from the records.
Very many and very varied have
been the plans that have been sug
gested by which the State can get
additional taxes. Some suggest a
license system, with a franchise tax;
others say that if all classes of
property were put on the books at
100 cents on the dollar the State
would be able to remain on a cash
The members of the commission
have been studying the tax laws of
many other of the States, and hope
to get up some plan that will prove
satisfactory to all interests.
THE COMMISSION MEETs.
The tax commission met in the
office of the Secretary of State at 8
o'clock tonight and held a prelimi
nary meeting. The members of
the commission discussed the grounds
that are to be covered by them and
committees were appointed to look
into the taxation of different branches
in the State.
Senator George S. Mower was
elected chaii man and Representative
John P. Thonas, Jr., secretary.
The commission is anxious to re
ceive ar.y suggestions that may be
made, and they should be addressed
to the secretary at Columbia.
After the appointment of the various
committees the board adjourned to
meet here on September 15.
TURKS DBEEATED BY INSURGLNTS.
Fierce Fighting Near Monastir Continued
Six Hours-The Massacre of
Sofia, Bulgaria, Aug. 18.-A fierce
battle is reported to have occurred in
the neighborhood of Monastir.
Three Turkish battalions attacked a
thousand insurgents and after the
fight had raged for six hours the
Turks were repulsed with t!.e loss of
210 men killed or wounded. The
insurgents loss is not given.
Reports received here from Con
stantinople, and believ.ed to be au
thentic confirm the previous state.
ments to the effect that when the
Turks recaptured Krushevo they
slaughtered the entire h ristian
populat.ion without exception, and it
is pointed out that among those killed
wvere the employes of the govern
ment tobacco establishments which
were under European control, as the
proceeds from t hose est.ablishmnents
wvere assigned to the service of the
A reign of terror is reported to
prevail at Uskub, where the Christ
ian inhabitants are afraid to leave
their houses. The vali has issued1
the strictest, ord&-rs to the Mussul
man population to remain quiet and
not molest t heir Chistian neighbors,
but the mussulmans, meeting in the
mosque, have resolved st a given
signal to maasscre the whole Christ
ian popuilat.ion immediately the'
first insurgent band appears near
Uskub or on any p)retext. The
Christians are terro,rized. The Tar
kish troops, who are -their only pro
ection, do nmot show the slightest
disposit ion to aid them. The atti
tudel of the Turkish troops recently
was plainly manifested when a train
load of soldiers, shortly after leavin)g
Usknb, fired o[n the Bulgarian work
meni, who were repairing the track.
Three of the wvorkme,n were killed
anid their bodies were left lying on
"BILL ARP" UNCONSCIOUS.
Doctors Say lie Is Dylig front InfIrmities
(5artersville, Ga., Aug. 19. --Major
Charles H. Smith (Bill A rp), at a
late hour tonight wvas unconscions.
His physicians say the end may
come at any moment or their patient
may linger for several days. His
weakness is said to be due to the in
firmities of age rather thaun to dliseae
A PAR-REACHING DECISION.
Federal Judge Holds that the Western
Union, or any Employer, May Discharge
Employee With or Without Cause.
Judge -iogers in the United States
Circuit Court at St. Louis, Mo., has
rendered a decision sustaining the
demurrer of the Western Union Tele
graph Company in their labor injuno
tion case of Boyer et al against that.
company. In the written opinion
Judge Rogers sustains every point
urged by Attorney Elenious Smith,
representing the defendant company,
holding that the company has the
absolute right to dismiss employees,
because they belong to the union, or
for any other reason; that there can
be no conspiracy to do a lawful act;
that the io called black list may be
maintained and given out for the use
The case resulted from a bill filed
by Telegraph Operater Arthur Boyer
and others, alleging they were mem.
bers of the Commercial Telegraphers'
Union of America, local Lodge No. 3,
of St. Louis, and that they had been
discharged from the service of the
Western Union Telegraph Company
solely because they belonged to the
The bill sought to prevent the
Western Union Company from dis
:harging any employee because of
membership in the uniOV, and the
St. Louis officers of the Western
Union froni conspiring to that end,
and to prevent interference of any
kind with the union and to prevent
the Western Union Company from
maintaining a black list and placing
thereon the names of those who
might bt discharged because of be.
ing members of the union. The Wes
tern Union Company demurred and
was sustained by Judge Rogers, of
Arkansas, sitting in the United States
Circuit Court, to-day. Judge Rogers
held that the Western Union Com
pany had the absolute right to dis
:harge employees not under con
tractual relations -ith the company,
for any cause or without cause; that
a like right exists on the part of the
Bmployee to sever his relations with
the company for any cause or with.
aut cause; that if a contract of em
ployment is violated the recourse of
the employees is at law and not by a
bill in equity, such as was brought
in this case; that there could be no
conspiracy to commit a lawful act,
such as he held to be the discharge
of the company's employees because
of being members of a union; that
the company had the right to main
taini a list on which might be placed
t.he name of a discharged employee
and the cause of discharge, and this
list might be given others, provided
its contents wvere 'truthful and its
circulation honest; that if, as the bill
alleged, the union was formed for
moral and proper purposes, there
should exist no objection upon the
part of an employee to have his dis
charge based upon the mere fact
that he was a member of such an
YOUNG WIIITEi GIRL IMPRISONED.
In Jail for Trespass on the Property of a
Cotton Mill--Claims Columbia
Laurens, Aug. 19.-For the first
time in Capt. TIhos. J. Dunckett's ad
ministration of the sheriff's office
there is imprisoned in the county
jail a white woman, a girl l'7 years
of age. ILer name is .Janie Jones
and she was sent to jail lby Magis
trate McMillan of Hunter township
to serve a 410 (lays sentence for tres
passing on the premises of the Gold.
ville Man ufacturing Comnpany. It
seems that the girl and her mother
resided in the mill village at Gold
ville until the authorities requested
their removal some few weeks ago.
After a b)rief abence in a nearby town
the girl returned. Her arrest and
conviction ofi t he charge of tress
passing followed anid she was straight
way in dlefault of the line inmposed
sent to the county jail.
She is a comely girl anid claims
Columbia as lien former home. She
appears to be taking her incarcer..
at ion as a matter of course and is
not giving the authorities any trouble
PASSING OF A GREAT INDUSTRY
Abolition of Office of Phosphate Inspector
Marks The Decadence Of An In
dustry Oice The Greatest
In The State.
The abolition of the office of phos
phate inspector marks the decadence
of an industry in this st.,,e, which at
one time was the largest in it and
which brought into the treasury of
the state several millions of dollars
after the phosphate deposits began
to be worked. When Tillman was
elected governor he caused some leg.
islation to be passed which the Ooo
saw company, which bad a practical
monopoly of the business, claimed
was inimical to the industry. The
legislation undoubtedly put that par
ticular company practically out of
business, but it is doubtful whether
the course pursued had any bad effect
on phosphate mining generally. How
ever, the troubles of the industry
began and increased about that time,
for valuable deposits were found in
Florida, Tennessee and other places,
which could be worked cheaper than
our own phosphate deposits. The
business in consequence grew less
and less until now,.it is comparative
ly nothing as compared with former
years, or as comparod with the busi
ness done in other sLates.
Statistics show that from 1870 to
1900 the state received in royalties
$3,242,968.53, the royalty in one year
1898, amounting to $237,150. For
the pant three years it has amounted
to only $25,000 annualy. This
money is placed in the sinking fund
and is pledged to be used for the
reduction of the debt.
That a great industry has been
practically destroyed is to be re
gretted not only because it takes away
from us a pre eminence we once had,
but because so n.any have had to
seek employment elsewhere, and be
cause the state loses a great source
or revenue. Still we have some
consolation in the thought that it
is no fault of ours that this industry
has passed almost, for nature made
it so that we can no longer compete
with sections which have been more
favored in this particular.
ROOT FOR PRF'IDhNT.
Plan to Make Him Succeed Roosevqlt In
1908 -First to be Governor of the
State of New York.
New York Republicans are now
considering a proposition, said to
have the indorsement of President
Roosevelt, looking to the nomination
of Secretary Root for Governor of
New York, and in 1908 for President
of the United States. The Demo
cratic version of the story is that the
President is pushing forward Mr.
Root prominently in politics with the
idea of placating the opposition to
the present national administration
which exists in financial circles in
Mr. Root is one member of the ad
ministration at least who is not looked
upon by the financial interests with
disfavor, and the Democratic politi
cal gossips wvho are discussing the
latest political proposition say that
undoubtedly Mr. Root would have a
great deal of influen ce with that class
in the way of preventing their sulk
ing in their tents in the coming Pres
idential campaign. It is pointed out
that if Mr. Root is slated for the
highest State honor, with the ulti
mate idea of his friends in view of
giving him the Presidential nomina
tion, it would place him in promi
nence as a political referee and en
able him to talk politics with thie
It has been rumored for some time
that the real reason for Mr. Root's
return to New York and his depart
ure from the cabinet was that he
might get in closer touch with New
York politics, State and National, and1
render service tJ his chief which
might be very b)adly needed1 if the
present opposition of WVall street
Five young girls were drowned ir
Giles county, Va., on Monday whik(
out boating. The boat capsized, oni)
three of the eight occupants escap
ing with their honeh
IMPOSING NAVAL RBVIEW.
For The First Time In History A President
Reviews a United States Fleet
In Time of Peace.
For the first time in the history of
the country, the President of the
United States on Monday reviewed
and inspected ,in time of peace, a
groat fleet of United States wnr ships.
The ceremony which took place just
out Oyster Bay, was a magnificent
and impressive naval spectacle. It
was unmarred by the slightest mishap
until just at its conclusion, when the
torpedo boat destroyer Barry rammed
the destroyer Decatur, fortunately,
however, doing little damage. The
incident was exciting. It occurred
just at the moment. When the Presi
dent was receiving congratulations
upon the success of the manoeuvres.
The review took place off Long
Island, two and a half miles off the
entrance to Oyster Bay. President
lRoosevelt, in company with Secre.
tary of the Navy Moody, Admiral
Dewey, Rear Admiral Taylor, Rear
Admiral Rodgers, Capt. Brownson,
Gen. Chaffee an-1 Gen. Barry, stood
on the bridge of the auxiliary crusier
layflower as she steamed slowly
down one column of the war ships
and up the other. The two columns
extended twenty-five hundred yards,
the ships being anchored at inter
vals of five hundred yards. As the
Mayllower passed each ship in the
two columns the yards and rails of
each were manned by jackies in white
duck, the marines were paraded and
preoented arms, the President's Ra
lute of twenty-one guns was fired,
the buglers sounded a flourish, the
drummers gave four ruffiles, the band
played "Hail Columbia," and the
entire crew stood at salute. As the
Mayflower swept majestically past
each ship the crew of the saluting
vessel gave the President three
cheers as the ComnmanderAn Chief
of the army and navy of the United
TIE PREIDENT'S REOEPTION.
At the conclusion of the review
President Roosevelt received on
board the Ma3 flower all the com
manding officers of the twenty.two
vessels in t'he fleet. He received
also the British, (German, Russian
and Japanese naval attaches.
President Roosevelt entertained
his guests and all the commanding
officers of the fleet at i delightful
luncheon on board the Mayflower,
during which toasts were drunk to
the great Powvers and their sover
eign and to the President.
BOLD ROBBERIES AT WHITE STONE3.
FIve Hundred Dollars Worth of Property
Takeni From Rooms of Guests
at the Hotel.
Spartanburg, A ug. 19.-Robberies
amounting in all to a total valuation
of $500( have occurred at tihe White
Stone Springs hotel since last nighlt
andl up to dinner hlour today.
Mrs J1. 13. Morgan of Augusta hlad
a watch which cost $i35 stolen, Mrs.
Hlough of (Colunbia had $30 wvorth
of jewelry stolen and other robberies
The opjerations wore coniined to
live rooms of thle hotel on tihe south
sidle, second floor.
There is a suspicionl as to the thief,
but no tingible proof is forthcoming.
Searches and1( inlvestigationl have as
yet revealed nothing.
P'rop)rietor Harris was in tile city
tonight on the track of a person sup
posed1 to be tile gility 'larty. His
visit waus not rewardied with any
retulrn of tihe stolen articles.
Week End Rates
F'romn points on the Atlantic Coasi
Line to Seasi .e Resorts, tickets 0on sak
Saturdlay, good returning includinig Mon
(lay following, attractive schedules, un
surpassed serv icc Summer Tfourist
Tlick ets to Moun11taini and Seasidle Resortn
limited for return passage to October
31st on saic Unltil September 30th.
For full p)articulars, rates, etc, cal
on l'icket Agents or write,
W. .J. CRA IG,
General Passenger Agent
HI. M. EMERSON,
Wilmingn, N. C.
GBN13RAL NEWS NOTFS.
Items of More or I.ess Interest Condensed
Outside the State.
The Union iron Works of San
Francisco, one of the great. indutstries
of the West has gone to the wall.
The cotton mills in Now Orleans
have closed down on icouitit. of t be
high price of cotton and the very
low price of cloth.
Thos. R. Morgan, the millionairo
sash and door ianufacturor att Mi.
waukep, was shot to death ori Tues
day by Frederick Hampel, a dis
charged emplo)e who liter committed
snicide in jail.
It ia reported from Ied Lodge,
Montana, that the grasshoppers are
so thick in that section that they are
plastered each (ay on locomotives
and the whe,;i become eo slippery
t'.at when the locomotives stop it is
difficult to start thum again.
The Oliver Rolining (ompany, of
Norfolk, Va., owning a large plunt.
for the refining of cotton sood oil, hits
failed and has gono into the hianids
of a receiver. The Slump in Vir
ginia-Carolina Chemical stock is sRid
to be the cause of the failure.
Minister Conger it Pokin hatis ob.
tained a written promise from the
Chinese government, that two of the
Chinese ports, one of them important
and the other of tit cotsequ1en1ce,
shall be open ports by a treaty whichi
is to be signed on October 8.
Carrie Nation was locked up at
Bayonne, N. .J., this wook charged
with disorderly condnet. Sho col
lected a crowd by haranguiing on ia
street corner and then ran among t he
men striking cigars, cigarettes and
pipes front their mouth.
The Canidian Pacific railroad's
steamer Empress of India collided
near Hong Kong on Tuesday with
the Chinese cruiser liLuang Tai. The
Huang Tai sank, carrying to t he bot
tom the captain and thirteen of the
crew who refused to leave the vessel.
It is reported front Berlin that the
German govornnent, under the im
pulse of the emperor, will ask the
reichstag for an increase in the per
manent military establishment, by
about 30,000 men, to be organizod
into two array corps, raising the
standing arimy to about (S 17,000 men.
The increase in money necessary is
estimated at about $0,000,000, ox
clusive of equipment.
An imperial tirade has been issued
from Constant inople callinog out fift y
two additional bat.talions of t roop~s
(about 52,000( mtent) fromi thle lCuiro.
pean provinces or Turkey, ini conse
qutence of the spread1 of the insur
rection in Macedlonia. A disp,atch
fronm Berlin reports that the river
near Monasti r, MIacedonia, is full of
the mutilated bodies of wonten and1(
children, who haveIbsen massacred.
The Paniama Canal treaty has beera
rejected unanimonsly b)y the Colom
bian Congress. The reason giver
for the rejection, it is said, was the
allegeud encroachmient on Colonmbiam
sovereignty, whicho, its opponents con
tended, would result fronm the treaty
The members of the Colombian Sen
ate looked upon the lease of the stril
of land through which the canal wai
to be constructedl as a sale, and, there
Four white men have b)oon killc
and nine wounded ini Randolph
county, Alabama, by a niegro namet
Sledge. Th'e menh were working nea
Sledge's house when they asked per
mission to eat a few watermelonm
The permission was granted noid the
went to slashing melons and vinci
TIhey refused to stop when the negr
ordered them to do so and lhe wer
to the house and got his shot gni
and fired into the crowd, with thi
above result, lie flod1.
Columbia, Newberry and Laurens 1R.1h.
Special occasion: 26th A nnual Cor
vention S. C. Sunday School Assoc
ation (Ilnterdenominational) , (ree
ville, S. C., August 26th and 27th, 190
Newberry .. ........
Laurens .. ...........
Clinton .. ...........2
I)ae o sae:August 26th, 25ath ai
S26th. with final limi+ August 29th
1 -4 ..;.J J 4t 4 *".F A-LI -A. "IJ1 - I JU
SOUTH CAROLINA NBWS.
Items of More or Less Interest Condensed
In the State.
Coltunia's sewerage syRtom has
been practically completed at a cost
Patrick Brady, an Irish peddler
andt an ex Confederate soldier, was
killed by a train at Roten, Path
early Monday morniog.
Bishop Capers is ill with pnn
monia at Brevard, N. C. Though his
case in serious he is reported to have
passed out of danger.
A destructive hail storm paseHd
over the western partof Oconee coun
ty on Monday evening. Hail stones
were larger than goose oggs and all
the crops in the path of the storm
were (ostro ed.
Andy Davis, colored, has been
placed in the Anderson jail charged
with the murder of his mother. He
fired at his step father becaise of a
fuss at a dance the night hforo, but
niNed his aim an( killed hin mother.
There were a nuinber of fatalities
at (leorgetown on Tuesday. There
were two negros shootings and a ne
gro was patinfuilly injnred at. a plan
ing mill. Walter Dawson, a young
white boy, was seriounsly wounded
by a companion while -out shoot
James Dennis Edwards, wanted in
0reenville for a murder which he
in charged with having committed in
M)01, han been arrested in the oil
fieldN of Itiumont, Texns. Luther
Taylor, Edwards' companion in the
crime, int now nerving a sontonce in
The railroad cormitissioners liave
complained to the railroad anthori.
ties that the custom of allowing
freights to pass through the union
depot in Columbia ondangers the
lives of passengers. Tile matter is
being discussed by the cominiisionl.
ers and the railroadv.
The trial in Columbia of the Rich
land Club cas agn inst tiho con1tables
who entered the ehub and teiz(
liqur ain( fixtures to the amount of
$21 hat onded in a mistrial. The
canse was tried beforo Magmtrat.e Mc
Mastor. Thoe constables 1101(l that,
liqtior was disponsed in violation of
the dislennary law. Tho cil) hold
that it had violated none of I ho priv
il0g0n of a social clu11b.
E,(dward Mlikoll, ia (j1harleston col
ored barbor, whilo riding upnnon a
stroet cari thin wveek wvith d. A.
Storer, a Charleston alderman, tried
to impress uponi thle aldlermian in en
offen'sive. way t hat. lie wan an good1
en any white muan, wheroupon01 lie
aldermanlu knoc~ked him di (own ini thle
car. Thelu negro lator ini the day
haunted up Mr. Storer andi drt'w a
razor, whel(reuphon lie was knocked
dlowni the secondii t,imno.
D)oubled His Stakes and Won.
D)id youl ever nec a~ man in a poker
geme bet every cent lie had1( on thiroe
aces? Well, that is wvhat W. S.
Carson, superintendent.L of the Mis..
souri Pacific terminals at Kansas
City, did. B3ut the ntakes were big..
ger, probably, than were ever play1 ed1
in a pork6r game. He bet seven
locomiot ives anid his job that tihe
Missouri Pacific bridge would n't go
out,--thiis in the face of the fact that
seveniteen idge acrossth Kw
at thtplace. When Mr. Carson
rsaw that his comp)any's bridge wvas
.. likely to go the way the others went
lie took a dlesperate chaenec. Ho de.
cided to weight the bridge dowa
I. with Mogul locomiotives. Seven of
0 them, rep)reseniting a value of $12;>,.
it000, were run ouIt on the trmblinig
e structure. Hie knoew, as (did every..
body else, that if the bridge wvent
the engines wvould go with it, b)ut lie
0 took the chaniice anid took it alone,
~-for the city was cuit off' from conm.
munication with the other hieadls of
depart menttn, and there wan no (ine
to conusuilt with. Had1( the bridge
;5 and engines gone, his job) would
)0 have gone, and with it a large share
of his reputation as a man of sound
50 jtndgmot. But the plan wan ai winl
1(1 ncr, and no0w his stock in away
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