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FARM AND GARDEN,
Cuttings from Sweet Potato Vines,
The sweet potato vine may bo naved
during the winter nnd used the following
spring in propagating a new crop. I have
tried the experiment during this year to
(ny entire satisfaction. In tho fall (at
any time before frost) tho vines may bo
cnt in any convenient length and placed
in layers on the surface of the earth
to the depth of twelvo or eighteen
inches. Cover the vines while damp with
partially rotten straw (either pine or
wheat will answer) to the depth of?six
inches, and cover the whole with a light
sofl about four Inches deep. In this
way tho vines will keep during winter,
and in tho spring they will put out
apronts as abundantly as the potato itself
when bedded. The draws or sprouts can
be planted first, and tho vino itself can
be subsequently cut aud used as we gener
ally plant slips.?Exchange.
>!jV ?? ?'
Stall-Fei> Cattle.?Last year I wrcto
you that I was stall feeding an ox, and
gave my plan, which is simply to feed
him once a day, with only one peck of
corn meal. When first put up give a lit
tle rough food, until he becomes used to
confinement and dry moal. Water once
a day, (some advise no water at all.) I
drove my ox 33 miles, aud got $60 for
him on foot?but one buyer in the mar
ket, and I had to take just what I could
get. Had there been any competition,
should probably have got $100; aud again,
the same day that my ox reached the
market, 65 head of fine Illinois cattle ar
rived?the finost cattle that I ever saw.
We have no convenience for weighing
stock on foot; therefore cannot give ac
curately the weight of my ox. It was
thought he would weigh 1200 lbs. not.
An animal that will not weigh over
600 lbs. put up the first of Juno docs
best. I think half a peck of meal per day
sufficient; warm weather I think much
the best. Keep in a cool place and quiet
as possible. About 3 months will be suf
ficient to make good beef.
As to corn meal being heated, "Beau
fort" is mistaken, I do assure you that
in my neighborhood there are two ox
teams which have been hauling for the
public and constantly, for the last two
years?each team six oxen, common size,
not o?e large ox in cither team?33 miles
to market, on a common dirt road, usually
in bad condition. Each team hauls from
4,000 to 4,500 lbs. freight, and have
hauled as much as 5,000 lbs., and on ono
occasion 5,500 lbs. The owners and
drivers of these teams are laboring men?
good, honest citizens. They assure mc that
corn meal is their usual and choice feed.
One pock of meal at night for each ox is
"Beaufort" says that stalling cattle is
not profitable. I agree with him; but
take my case. My ox was old and worn
out?not saleable at all. By expending
830 or less, I got $32 or $40 clear, aud
if I had not taken this course, tho buz
zards would have got him long since. I
would suggest to planters to feed all their
old cows and broken do?vn oxen only
with corn meal?one peck a day for
large, and less for small cattle?warm
To Clean Paint.?The Coach makers'
Journal recommends house-wives to save
themselves trouble by adopting the fol
lowing mode : Provide a plate with some
of the best whiting to be had, and have
ready some clean warm water and a piece
of flannel, which dip into the water and
squeeze nearly dry; then take as much
whiting as will adhere to it; apply it to
the painted surface, when a little rub
bing will instantly remove any dirt or
grease; after which wash the part well
with clean water, rubbing it well with a
soft chamois. Paint thus cleaned looks
as well as when first laid on, without any.
injury to tho most delicate colors. It is
far better than using soap, and does not
requiro more than half the time and
Spavin.?Take a small rope, about the
size of a plow line, or a small leather
strap nbout half an inch wide, with a
buckle at one end. Cord the opposite leg
above the hock very tightly around the
ham string; let the horse stand until the
corded leg becomes very tender, which
will induce him to throw his weight on
the spavined leg. If this does not relieve
?oon, ride or drive him at a brisk trot or
lope. Twice have I seen this tried with
ALEX. Y. L.EES,
Columbia. fS. C
THE SINGER STILL TRIUMPHANT!
NEW FAMILY SINGER SEWING
WITH ATTACHMENTS FOR ALL KTND8 OF WORK
i.s fast winning favor iri *h?? hoiiHchol*!, ns shown
by the rapidly increasing sales.
This NE WFAMIL F8E WING MACHINE
is capable of a range and variety of work such
as was once thought impossible- to perform by
machinery. We claim and can show that it is
the cheapest, most beautiful, delicately jairingf
ed, nicely actuated, easily operated, and smooth
ly running of all the Family Sewing Machines*
It is remarkable not only for tho range and va
riety of its sewing, but also for the variety and
different kinds of texture which it will self with
equal facility and perfection, using silk twist,
linen or cotton thread, fine or coarse, making
the Int<:rtockcd-chi*tt\'.\'tich, alike on both sides
of the fabric sewn* Thus, beaver cloth, or
leather, may bo sewn with great Strength nnd
uniformity of stitch; and, in a moment, thin
willing and never-wearying instrument may be
adjusted for fine work on gauze or gossamer
tissue, or the tucking of tarlatan, or milling, or
almost any other work which delicate fingers
have been known to perform.
At the World?? Fair, it received tho great
award of the highest sales I
J. K. WHITE,
Sales-room at Engine House, Orangeburg, S.C
? *J I S V./ ...A ? ? \ \JP *Jr IBS
inch 0 3 mos
Jewelry, Watches and Silverware,
No. 307 KING STREET,
Invites special attention to his new,
large nnd elegant stock of
All the newest designs in Jewelry, com
Leonine, Opera Neck and Vest Chains,
Seal Rings, Diamond Rings, always on
hand and made to order, Sleeve Buttons
and Studs, Bracelets, Brooches and Ear
rings, Armlets and Necklaces, in Gold
aud Coral, Brooches for Hair or Minia
tures, Lockets, Chains and Masonic
Pins, Glove Bands, at
No. 307 King Street,
A few doors above Wentworth St.
may 8-3 mos.
For the liberal patronage which I have thus
far received from the citizens of Orangeburg
and the confidence shown in me by very num
erous fnend;?, I take the opportunity of express
ing my sincere gratitude in tho "Oranghburg
Times." The encouragement of past patron
age and kindness induces a strong faith in
future success, and, whilo thanking my friends
for past favors, I can assure them that nothing
will be left undone to deserve their continuing
patronage. My store is cssontinlly a- Drug
Store; where will be kept such Drugs and Medi
cines alone, as I will warrant genuine and Pure.
I have arranged to Biipply my customers with
Medicines of the very best quality afforded in
the market. I avoid all cheap useless articles,
and yet my prices shall be as reasonable for
valuable, good, fresh Medicines as anybody's.
I invite the Physicians of the District to call
and examine for themselves* They are judges
to whose opinion I submit. Send your orders
and they will be filled to your satisfaction.
Just received a stock of pure, medicines
consisting of Laudanum, Paregoric, Castor Oil
Sweet Oil, Epsom Salts, Cream Tartar, Carb.
Soda, ?fcc, Dye Stuffs, Paints and Brushes, Con
centrated Lye, Patent Medicines of all kind*.
Just call at the .Southern Drng .S'tore on Rub
sell ?Street, and you will be sure to get what you
Advertisement*, inserted in this Cmumn at $6 per
BROOKBANKS & CO., Fruiters and Confec
tioners, Main street, near tho State Capitol, Col
umbia, S. C. 7
OR?NGEBURG, S. C.
I am pleased to inform my numerous friends
throughout the. State that I have purchased
the "Treadwell Hotel," and am now rejuvena
ting and fixing it up iu the most modern
stvle. The tables aro well furnished from the
Charleston markets. I guarantee full satis
W. A. MERONEY, Proprietor,
DEAD ISSUES AND LIVING RESULTS;
or, A history of Sherman's march through
South Carolina, by II. C. Mack, Murfrees
A volume of 700 pages, with maps and en
Agents wanted iu every county in tho State.
Very liberal commissions allowed.
Those who desire to secure agencies will be
furnished with combined Prospectus and Sub
scription Book, Circulars, ?fco., on receipt of one
I dollar. Address F. P. BEARD,
General Agent for South Carolina.
GENERAL INSURANCE AGENT,
Columhia, S. C.
Office opposite the Columbia Hotel, in
rear of Mr. W. J. Dume's Book Store.
DR. D. L. BOOZER,
Is prepared to execute his professional work
in the neatest and most perfect manner.
O fli c c over D u ffi e ^Chapman's,
Opposite the Cblumhia Hotel,
Columbia, S. C.
Stock of Goods
Is just being openad at the well-known STORE of
GEO. H. CORNELSON,
And > an early inspection of the same is cordially solicited, guaranteeing that it
is only necessary to look at those BEAUTIFUL GOODS to be induecd to buy,
as no competition against them is feared. All DEPARTMENTS are completely as
sorted, the prices put below all COMPETITION, and it will be tho pleasure of the
PROPRIETOR and his ASSISTANTS to show thcm frcely and courteously.
It will well repay the trouble of giving the entire STOCK a full inspection.
George H. Cornelson.
WILHELM THEODOR MULLER
HA? REPLENJ3UED HI8 STOCK OF EATABLES, Ac.
FIVE KINDS OF IRISH SEED POTATOES.
ANOTHER LOT THOSE FINE TONGUES.
FINE BALTIMORE CANDIES.
LEAF LARD, A. Nc. 1?in 3 pound) 5 pound, and 10 pound cans.
T.AllOK LOT OP
SHOES, DRY SAI/T AND SMOKED SIDES,
Western and Augusta Flour,
?n?tlier Eot of* lO cent Hams,
GRIST AND MEAL.
' ??y~ All packages delivered frco of charge
W. T. Xtt U Xj L B R.
THE PLACE TO GET THE BEST BARGAINS IN ORANGEBURG IS AT
K 0 H N ' S
Dry Goods Bazar,
WThcrc will also be found the largest nnd cheapest Stock of
Ladies' Gents and Children's Hats,
&c, &c, &c, &c,
THEODORE KOHN & BROTHER
BULL, S C O V I L L & PIKE
Are almost daily receiving additions to their largo Stock of
a JTj 3STERAL ilEECH ANDIZE
BROWN COTTONS ANJD DOMESTICS,
Now in storo, purchased before the advauce.
Just received a full Stock of
BOOTS AND SHOES.
HARDWARE, NAILS, Ac, together with
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS, for farming purposes.
GROCERIES in full Stock, consisting in part of
BACON AND DRY SALT MEAT.
FLOUR of the well-known brands.
SUGAR AND COFFEE which defy competition in price and quality
Guanape Guano, as well as
LIME, LAND PLASTER, &c., constantly on hand.
??-We are als o agents for well-known FIRE AN LIFE INSURANCE
GERMANIA, of New York.
Andes, of Cincinnati, O.
Equitable Life Assurance Company, of New York
And lad, but not least, the celebrated
SINGER'S FAMILY SEWING MACHINES, an exhibit is sufficient.
We have and do sell tho goods.
BULL.* SCOVIIJL. & PIKE.
DR. E. J. OLiVEROS,
DRUGS, MEDICINES, CHEMICALS,
? t * tend 'Mi "in <>ji
FINE TOILET SOAPS, FANCY HAIR AND TOOTH
BRUSHES, PERFUMERY AND FANCY TOILET ARTICLES,
trusses -a.isrr> siJouii,iD^k-i3iiA.oii:s,,
GRASS AND GARDEN SEEDS.*
PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES, AND DYrE-STUFFS, ***\
An ?i .jar-,riff. bnllit-fwni
Lottor-Paper, Pens, Ink, Envelops, Glass, Putty, Carbon Oil, Lamps and Chimneys
Physicians' Prescriptions Accurately Compounded:
The Citizens' Savings Bank
Ole SOUTH CJsJB.OI-.XNJn.
Will pay 7 PER CENT. INTEREST on SPECIAL DEPOSITS and G PER CENT, on SAY
ING8 DEPOSITS, Compounded Semi-annually.
Xiocal ITiiAaiace Committee.
Hon. THOS. W. GLOVER.
Col. PAUL S. FELDER.
Copt. JOHN A. HAMILTON.
JAS. H, FOWLES,
mch 19-ly_Assistant Cashier.
THE UNIVERSAL LIFE
69 S-ibertv Street. New Vork
'1it U ? ????
The Original Stock Ltfe Insurance Company of tho United Stales
WILLIAM WALKER, President.
HENRY J. FURBER, Vict-President, JOHN II. BEWLEY, Secretary.
GEORGE L. MONTAGUE, Actuary. D. W. LAMBERT, ju v., Mo'dical Kxatn'r
Tuis Company Offers the Following Important Advantage* to thosa About
Effecting Insurance on their Live*.
Int. Insurance at Stock Rates, being from 20 to 30 Per Com. less than the Rate* charged by
2d. Each Policy-holder U regarded as a Stockholder to tho oxtcut of ouo Annual Proraram
on hit Policy, and will share in the Profits of the Compaur *o the came extent ant a Stockholder
owning an equal amount of the CapiCil Stock.
3d. Every Policy issued by tho Company i? non-forfeitublo, and contains a Ctatyw *t?n'???* iu
exact Surrender Value.
Bxrona Inscrino Your Life on Accrttino tor Aokncy or axy Coupax r
READ THE FOLLOWING
A lengthened experience has demonstrated that the rate* of Premium oid'marily charged by
Life Insurance Companies aro from twenty-five to thirty per cent, in exreaa of what are u?cck**ry
for a safe and legitimate conduct of the business. In other words, carofuliy and prudently man
aged Companies charging "Mutual" rates have been able to return to their policy-holders from
Sid to 30 per cent, of the amount charged for premiums.
When Life Insurance Comparics were first organized, the reliability of tho data open whioh
the prcmirmt were constructed had not undergo)!* the test of experience. It was thougl.?,t ??????
fore, no more than common prudence to adopt a scaln of premiums which Would, in ai.y erent,
meet all the presumed and unforseen contingencies of the business.
As long as the matter wa? involved in came doubt, it was letter to fix tho rato too high than to
incur the risk of making it too low; bccaune, in the former case, tho error could bo easily renio
dicd, at lea^t in part, by returning to tha policy-holders, at certain intervals, Mich portions of tk?i
premium charged as wns found unnecessary for the purposes of tho business and tht complete
security of the Company.
Experience, however, having satisfactorily demonstrated that these rates aro exeossive, wkat
possible excuse can there be for maintaining them V
Availing themselves of this experience, tho Directors sud Managers of the Universal Lift In
surance Company at its organization, ndopted a ecabi of premiums in accordanve therawilb, aad
which has proved to be fair and adequate, and all that was necessary to racct tht requirement* of
the business. Theso premiums aro about twenty-five per cent, lower than those charged by Ma
It also nppeared, inasmuch as the rates so established were as near as could powibly bo deter
mined/air rates, and not in excess of what lnr.Hrtnc* has previously cost tho policy-holders in
Mutual Companies, that any profits arising from prudent management justly and properly bo
longed to the stockholders of tb^c (.'omjw.ny, for the risk incurred by them in undertaking tho
Experience has shown that Uiere are sources of profit in tho practice of the butinea? which
theory will not ad in it of being considered as elements in the calculation of tha premium*. The*e
result from a saving in the mortality of '.he members of a Company owing to the medical ?cleo
lion of good lives, again in interest ort the investments of tho Company over that Assumed in
the calculation of its premiums, the profits dciivablu from the lapsing and surrender of Policies
by the members, and from other minor sourefs.
"Profits from theso sources, in a company possessed of a capital of $200,000, and doing a fair
amount of business, would give to the stockholders dividends largely in excess of what were
counted on by die Directors of the Universal il the time of its organization. They have, there
fore, determined to divide among the policv holders of tho Company a large part of the profits
accruing from die sources named, all of which have heretofore been divided among the stock
The plan adopted for such dividends is as follows: Every person who may hereafter ieoure
with the Universal will, for the purpose of division, be treated as a stockholder to the extent of
one Annual Premium upon his Policy; ntul will share in the profits of the Company to precisely the
same extent as a Stockholder owing on equal amount of the capital stock.
By this system of Insurance, original with the Universal, the policy-holder secures tho follow
ing important advantages:
First. Jnauranc? at the regular "Stoik" rates, requiring a primary outlay of about twenty
.to thirty per cent, less than that charged by Mutual Companies, and which is equivalent to a
yearly "dividend" paid in advance of that amount on mutual rates. This low cost of insurance
is worthy of attention. Since ita organization this company has received in premiums from its
policy-holders tho sum of $1,517,000. To eflect the same amount of insurance in a Mutual Com
pany" would have cost them an initial outlay of $2,000,000. By allowing ita policy-holders to re
tain in their own possession this excesn of $483,000, tho Universal has virtually paid them a
"dividend" of $483,000, and paid it, too, in advance, instead of at the end of one or more years.
It is impossible to find any example of a Mutual Company furnishing insurance at so low a cost
by re turn im; to its policy-holders an equal amount upon similar receipts.
Second. Participation in the legitimate profits of the Company, upon a plan which seeurss to the
\ policy-holders lite tame treatment tch ich Directors and Stockholders award to themselves. This By stem
of participation, in connection with the low "stock" rates of premium, most nccevarily secure to
the policy-holders every advantage, to be derived from prudent and careful management.
The Tow rates of premium compel economy, ami, independent of participation, guarantee to the
policy-holder his insuranco at a rate which is not in excess of the cost in well managed mutual
companiesr while, by the proposed plan of participation in what may be considered the legiti
uiatc profits of the business, tho cost will he still further diminished.
Thusbv tho combined advantages arising from low stock rate and participation in the profits
it is confidently believed that the UNIVERSAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY offers in
surance at its lowest practicable cost.
8?rThosc of the existing Policy-holders who desire to participate in the Profits under tht new
Plan can do so by making application to tho Head Office, or to any of the Agents of the Cone*
2'A< company is in a souvd financial condition.
Patio of Assets to Liabilities 140 to 100.
l^GOOD RELIABLE AGENTS WANTED, who will deal direct with the New York
Office, and to whom full General AgcntV Commissions will be paid.
M. W. GARY,
M. C. BUTLER,
Stet* Superintendent? of Ageudes*
Columbia, S. C> September Uth, 1871.