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FARM AND GARDEN,
C/UTTINQ8 FROM Sw*EET POTATO VlNES.
The sweet potato Vine may bo saved
during the winter and used the following
spring in propagating a new crop. I have
tried the experiment during this year to
my entire satisfaction. In tho fall (at
any time before frost) tho vines may be
cut in any convenient length and placed
in layers on the surface of the earth
to the depth of twelve or eighteen
inches. Cover the vines while damp with
partially rotteu straw (either pine or
wheat will answer) to the depth ofl?six
inches, and cover the whole with a light
sofl about four inches deep. In this
way the vines will keep during winter,
and in tho spring they will put out
uproots as abundantly as the potato iiself
when bedded. The draws or sprouts can
be planted first, aud the vino itself can
bo subsequently cut aud used as we gener
ally plant Blips.?Exchange.
?TAtL-FED Cattle.?Last year I wrote
you that I was stall feeding an ox, and
gave my plan, which is simply to feed
him once a day, with only ono peck of
corn meal. "When first put up give a lit
tle rough food, until he becomes used to
confinement and dry moal. Water onco
a day, (some advise no water at all.) I
drove my ox 33 miles, and got $60 for
him on foot?but one buyer in the mar
ket, and I had to take just what I could
get. Had there been any competition,
should probably have got 8100; and again,
the same day that my ox reached the
market, 65 head of fine Illinois cattlo ar
rived?the finest cattle that I ever saw.
We have no convenience for weighing
stock on foot; thoreforo cannot give ac
curately the weight of my ox. It was
thought he would weigh 1200 lbs. not.
An animal that will not weigh over
600 lbs. put up the first of Juno does
best. I think half a peck of meal per day
sufficient; warm weather I think much
the best. Keep in a cool placo and quiet
as possible. About 3 months will be suf
ficient to make good beef.
As to corn meal being heated, "Beau
fort" is mistaken, I do assure you that
In my neighborhood there are two ox
teams which have been hauling for tho
public and constantly, for the last two
years?each team six oxen, common size,
not oae large ox in cither team?33 miles
to market, on a common dirt road, usually
in bad condition. Each team hauls from
4,000 to 4,500 lbs. freight, and have
hauled as much as 5,000 lbs., and on ono
occasion 6,500 lbs. The owners and
drivers of those teams are laboring men?
good, honest citizens. They assure me that
corn meal is their usual and choice feed.
One pock of meal at night for each ox is
"Beaufort" says that stalling cattle is
not profitable. I agree with him; but
take my cose. My ox was old and worn
out?not saleable at all. By expending
$30 or less, I got $32 or $40 clear, and
if I had not taken this course, the buz
zards would have got him long since. I
would suggest to planters to feed all their
old cows and broken do cm oxen only
with corn meal?one peck a day for
large, and less for small cattle?warm
To Clean Paint.?The Coach makers'
Journal recommends house-wives to save
themselves trouble by adopting the fol
lowing mode : Provide a plate with some
of the best whiting to be bad, and have
ready some clean warm water and a piece
of flannel, which dip into the water and
squeeze nearly dry; then take as much
whiting as will adhere to it; apply it to
the painted surface, when a little rub
bing will instantly remove any dirt or
grease; after which wash the part well
with clean water, rubbing it well with a
soft chamois. Paint thus cleaned looks
ns well as when first laid on, without any,
injury to the most delicate colors. It is
far better than using soap, and docs not
require more than half the time and
1 ab or.?E xch a n go.
SrAViN.?Take a small rope, about the
size of a plow line, or a small leather
strap about half an inch wide, with a
buckle at one end. Cord the opposite leg
above the hock very tightly around the
ham string; let the lior.se stand until the
corded leg becomes very tender, which
will induco him to throw his weight on
the spavined leg. If this docs not relieve
?oon, ride or drive him at a brisk trot or
lope. Twice have I seen this tried with
ALEX. Y. IxEE,
Columbia. S. C
THE SINGER STILL TRIUMPHANT!
NEW FAMILY SltfGER SEWING
\J gl, g.^AO^InfeJ
WITH ATTACHMENTS FOR AIA KINDS OF WORK
is fast winning favor in tho household, as shown
by the rapidly increasing sales.
This NE W FAMIL VSE IKING M4CIIINJ?
is capablo of n range and variety of work such
aa was once thought impossible to perform by
machinery. JVe claim and can show that it u>
the cheapest, most beautiful, delicately iarrtngf
ed, nicety adjusted, easily operated, ^ndfnnooth
Iv running of all the Family Sewing Machines''
It is remarkable not only for the range and va
riety* of its sewing, but also for the variety and
different kinds of texture which it will sew with
equal futility and perfection, using silk twist,
linen or cotton thread, fine or coarse, making
theIntcrlockcd'elasticalich, aliko on both sides
of the fabric sewn* Thus, beaver cloth, or
leather, may be sewn with great strength and
uniformity of stitch; and, in a moment, this
willing and never-wearying Instrument may be
adjusted for fine work on gauze or gossamer
tissue, or the tucking of tarlatan, or ruffling, or
almost any other work which delicate fingers
have been known to perform.
At the WorlaVs Fair, it received tho great
nward of the highest sales I
J. K. inilTE,
Sales-room at Engine Ilouao, Orangeburg, S.C
mch C> Smos
Jewelry, Watches and Silverware,
No. 807 KING STREET,
Invites Bpecial attention to his new,
large and elegant stock of
Alt the newest designs in Jewelry, com
Leonine, Opera Neck and Vest Chains,
Seal Rings, Diamond Rings, always on
hand and made to order, Sleeve Buttons
and Studs, Bracelets, Brooches and Ear
rings, Armlets ami Necklaces, in Gold
and Coral, Brooches for Hair or Minia
tur es, Lockets, Chains and Masonic
Pins, Glove Bands, at
No. 307 King Street,
A few doors above Wentworth St.
may 8-3 mos.
"DRUG STORE r
For the liberal patronage which T have thus
far received from the citizens of Orangcburg
nnd the confidence shown in mo by very num
erous friend.", I take the opportunity of express
ing my sincere, gratitudo in tho "Orangsburg
Times." The encouragement of past patron
age and kindness induces a strong faith in
future success, and, while thanking my friends
for past favors, I can assure them that nothing
will be left undone to deserve their continuing
patronage. My Btore is cssontially a Drug
Store; where will be kept such Drugs and Medi
cines alone, as I will warrant genuine and Pure.
I have arranged to supply my customers with
Medicines of the very best quality afforded in
the market. I avoid all cheap useless articles,
and yet my prices shall be as reasonable for
valuable, good, fresh Medicines an anybody's.
I invite the Physicians of the District to call
and examine for tluunsclvciv They are judges
to whose opinion I submit. Send your orders
and they will be filled to your satisfaction.
Just received a stock of pure, medicines
consisting of Laudanum, Paregoric, Castor Oil
Sweet Oil, Epsom Salts, Cream Tartar, Carb.
Soda, &c, Dye Stuffs, Paints and Brushes, Con
centrated Lye, Patent Medicines of nil kinds.
Just call at the ?Southern Drug .Store on Rus
sell ?Street, and you will be sure to get what you
want._A. C. JUKES
Advertisement* inserted in this Cviumn at $0 per
BROOKBANKS ?fc CO., Fruiters and Confec
tioners, Main street, near the State Capitol, Col
umbia, S. C. 7
OR?NGEBURG, S. C.
I am pleased to inform my numerous friends
throughout the Stale that 1 have purchased
the "Trcadwcll Hotel," and am now rejuvena
ting and fixing it up in the most modern
style. The tables nro well furnished from the
Charleston markets. I guarantee full satis
W. A. MERONEY, Proprietor,
DEAD ISSUES AND LIVING RESULTS;
or, A history of Sherman's inarch through
South Carolina, by II. C. Mack, Murfrees
A volume of 700 pages, with maps and on
Agents wanted in every county in tho State.
Very liberal commissions allowed.
Those who desire to secure agencies will be
furnished with combined Prospectus and Sub
scription Book, Circulars, &e., on receipt of one
dollar. Address F. 1?. BEARD,
_General Agent for South Carolina.
j GEO. llUGaiUTS,
GENERAL INSURANCE AGENT,
CouiMniA, S. O.
Office opposite the Columbia Hotel, in
rear of Air. W. J. DufhVs Book Store.
DR. D. L. BOOZER,
Is prepared to oxecute hin professional work
in the neatest and most perfect manner.
O Iii c c over D u fli e & C h a p m a n 's,
Opnonite tho Columbia Hotel,
Columbia, K. C.
Stock of Goods
Is just being opcnad at the well-known STORE of
11 ' -j Aiv' ?-r
G E O. H. CORNELS ON,
And an early inspection of the same is cordially solicited, guaranteeing that it
is only necessary to look at those BEAUTIFUL GOODS to be induced to buy,
as no competition against them is feared. All DEPARTMENTS arc completely as
sorted, the prices put below all COMPETITION, and it will be tho pleasure of the
PROPRIETOR and his ASSISTANTS to show them frcely and courteously.
It will well repay the trouble of giving the entire STOCK a full inspection.
Georg* H. Cornelson.
WILHELM THEODOR MULLER
HAS REPLENISHED HIS STOCK OF EATABLES, &c.
FIVE KINDS OF IRISH SEED POTATOES.
ANOTHER IA3T THOSE FINE TONGUES.
DUTCH HERRINGS, ,
FINE RALTIMORE CANDIES.
LEAF LARD, A. Nc. 1?in 3 pound* 5 pound, and 10 pound cans.
J.AKOK LOT OF
SHOES, DRY SALT AND SMOKED SIDES,
Western and Augusta Flour,
Another L?t of'lO cent Hams,
GRIST AND MEAL,
?t?r" All patkagca delivered frco of charge
W. T( m U Ii Ii S R.
THE PLACE TO GET THE REST BARGAINS IN ORANGEBURG IS AT
j Dry Goods Bazar,
Where will also he found tho largest and cheapest Stock of
Ladies' Gents and Children's Hat?,
&c, &c, &c, &c,
THEODORE KOHN & BROTHER
BULL, SCOVILL & PIKE
Are almost daily receiving additions to their largo Stock of
0 ENEKAL MERCHANDIZE
BROWN COTTONS AND DOMESTICS,
Now in storo, purchased before the advance.
Just received a full Stock of
BOOTS AND SHOES.
HARDWARE, NAILS, Ac, together with
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS, for farming purposes.
GROCERIES in full Stock, consisting in part of
RACON AND DRY SALT MEAT.
FLOUR of the well-known brands.
SUGAR AND COFFEE which defy competition in price and quality
Guanapo Guano, as well as
LIME, LAND PLASTER, &c, constantly on hand.
serWc are als o agents for well-known FIRE AN LIFE INSURANCE
GERMANIA, of New York.
Andes, of Cincinnati, O.
Equitable Life Assurance Company, of New York
And last, but not least, the celebrated
SINGER'S FAMILY SEWING MACHINES, an exhibit is sufficient.
We have and do sell tho goods.
liULIi. SCOVILL. & PIKE
DR. E. J. OLIVEROS,
BRIGS, MEDICINES, CHEMICaLS,
FINE TOILET SOAPS, FANCY HAIR AND TOOTH
BRUSHES, PERFUMERY AND FAttCY TOILET ARTICLES,
TRUSSES -AJSTD SHOXILlDlilTEi-Bri^CES,
GRdSS -dND GARDEN SEEDS.*
PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES, AND DYE-STUFFS,
-i .7fcr ;i L**li? . :
Lottcr-Paper, Pens, Ink, Envelops,Glass, Putty, Carbon Oil, Lamps and Chimnora
Physicians' Prescmitioxh v1ccubatei.y Compounded:
The Citizens' Savings Bank If
OF SOUTH CAROLINA
W1U pay 7 PER CFNT. INTEREST on SPECIAL DEPOSITS and 6 PER CENT, on R^iY
INGS DEPOSITS, Compounded Semi-annually.
Local ITiriaiace Committee.
Hon. THOS. W. GLOVER.
Col. PAUL & FELDER.
Capt. JOHN A. HAMILTON.
JAS. H, FOWLES,
mch 19-ly Assistant Cashier.
THE UNIVERSAL, LIFE
INSURANCE COM PA N Y y
, 69 Libertv Street, New York.
The Original 8tock L'.fo Insurance Company cf the United Stales
* ? v ? ? .\
WILLIAM" WALKER, Prenident.
HENRY J. FURBER, Vice-Prcalderit. JOHN II. BEWLEY, Secretarv.
GEORGEL. MONTAGUE, Actuary. D. W. LAMBERT, M U., Mo'sical Ksam'r
' # "i-V ' ?*!*) ! ?
? Tnis Company Oilers the Following Important Advantage* to thorn About
Eifecting Insurance on their Live?,
Int. Insurance at Stock Kates, being from 20 to 30 Per Cuui. 1cm than the Rates charged by
2d. Each Policy-holder U regarded as a Htockholdcr to tho extent of ono Annual Premium
on his Policy, and will share iu the Profits of the Coiupaur *o the sauu extent a* a Bloshkolder
owning an equal amount of the Capit'd Stock.
3d. Every Poliuv issued by tho Company is non-forfcitublo, nnd contain* a CUti/?e ?t?Hn? it*
exact Surrender Value.
Herons Inicrino Youu Live on AccirrnKo nut Aqkmcv or ax* Compax r
READ THE POLLOWINa ?
A lengthened experience has demonstrated that the rates of Premium ordinarily charged by
Life Insurance Companies aro from twenty-five to thirty per rent, in excess of wbat are utecsaary
fur a safe and legitimate conduct of tho business. In other words, carufully aud prudently ninn
age<l Companies charging "Mutual" rates have been able to return to their policy-held?r* hens
125 to 110 per cent, of the amount charged for premiums.
When Life Insurance Coin paries were linst organized, the reliability of the data upen uraioh
the prcmirmi were constructed had not undergone the test of experience. It waslhougl.t,tierr
forc, no more than common prudence to adopt a scale of premiums which would, in ai.y erent,
meet all the presumed and unforsecn contingencies o/ the business.
As long as the matter was involved in home doubt, it was letter to fix the rate too high than to
incur the risk of making it too low; became, in the former case, the error could be easily reme
died, at least in part, by returning to the policy-holders, at certain intervals, buck portions of the
premium charged as was found unnecessary for the purposes of tho business aud the coraplvto
security of the Company.
Experience, however, having satisfactorily demonstrated that these rates are excessive, what
possible excuse can there be fur maintaining them'/
Availing themselves of this experience, tho Directors and Managers of the Universal Lift In
surance Company at its organization, ndopted a scabi of premiums in accordanve therewith, and
which has proved to be fair and adequate, and all that was necessary to meet the requirement* of
the business. Theso premiums aro about twenty-fivo per cent, lower than these charged by Mb
It also appeared, inasmuch as the rates so established were as near as could possibly bo deter
mined fair rates, aud not in excess of what Imnirmce has previously cost the policy-holders in
Mutual Companies, that any profits arising from prudent management justly and properly be
longed to the stockholders of tb^e Company, for the risk incurred by them in undertaking the
Experience has shown that there are sources of profit in the prae'.ic* of the butinesi which
theory will not admit of being considered as elements in the calculation of the premium*. Then*
result from a saving in the mortality of *.h* m-itnl?ers of a Company owing to the medieal soleo
?onofgood lives, again in interest on the investments of tho Company over that assumed in
the calculation of its premiums, the profits dciivable from the lapsing and surrender of Policien
by the members, and from other minor sources.
"Profits from these sources, in a company possessed of a capital of'$200,000, and doing a fair
amount of business, would give to the stockholders dividends largely in excess ?f what were
counted on by the Directors of the Universal it tho time of its organization. They have, there
fore, determined to divide among the policy holders of tho Company a large part of the profits
accruing from the sources named, all of whl<Ji have heretofore been divided among the stock
The plan adopted for such dividends is as follows: Every person who may hereafter inure
with the Universal will, for the purpose of division, be treated as a stockholder to the extent of
one Annual Premium upon his Policy; aiul vill share in the profits of Uic Company to precisely the
same extent as a Stockholder owing on eipial amount of the capital stock.
Bv this system of Insurance, original with the Universal, the policy-holder secures the follow
ing tntpsriani advantages:
First. Insurance at the regtdar "Stoik" rates, requiring a primary outlay of about twenty
to thirty per cent, less than that charged by Mutual Companies, and which is equivalent tn a
yearly "dividend" paid in advance of that amount on mutual rates. This low cost of insurance
is worthy of attention. Since its organization this company has received in premiums from its
policy-holders tho sum of $1,517,000. To effect the same amount of insurance in a Mutual Com
pany would have cost them an initial outlay of $2,000,000. By allowing its policy-holders te re
tain in their own possession this excess of $483,000, tho Universal hns virtually paid them a
"dividend" of $483,000, and paid it, too, in m/wincr, instead of at the end ef one or more years.
It is impossible to find any example of a Mutual Company furnishing insurance at so low a cost
by returning to its policy-holders an equal amount upon similar receipts.
Second. Participation in the legitimate profits of the Company, upon a plan which seeurss to the
policy-holders the same treatment which Directors aud Stockholders award to themstlree. This system
of participation, in connection with tho low "stock" rates of premium, most necessarily secure te
the policy-holders every advantage to be derived from prudent and careful management.
The low rates of premium compel economy, and, independent of participation, guaranteo te the
policy-holder his insurance at a rate which is not in excess of the cost in well managed mutual
companiesr while, by the proposed plan of participation in what may be considered the legiti
mate profits of the business, tho cost will be still further diminished.
Thushy the combined advantages arising from low stock rate and participation in the profits
it is confidently believed that the UNIVERSAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY offers In
surance at its lowest practicable cost.
teJTThosc of the existing Policy-holders who desire to participate in the Profits under the pcw
Plan can do so by making application to tho Head Office, or to any of the Agents of the ConaV
The company is in a sour A financial condition.
Ratio of Assets to Liabilities 140 to 100.
US-GOOD RELIABLE AGENTS "WANTED, who will deal direct with the New York
Office, and to whom full General Agents' Commissions will be paid.
M. \V. GARY,
M. C. BUTLER,
State Superintendents of Ageurieaa
Columbia, S. C, September Ulh, 1871.