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matter in a sensible, business light.?
Western farmers raise grain to sell, and
thoir organized Granges are making ar
rangements to dispose of it. We in Ver
mont are extensively buying grain and
flour. Now, if this work goes on as it
deserves to for tho next twelve months,
trains of corn and flour will be made up
and shipped directly through from
Grange to Grange without breaking
bulk, i actually expect to see this thing
done. But the merchants laugh at us.?
They say it is a humbug. They advise
us to open a store, but we can't afford it.
We can't afford to keep a clerk, nor fur
nish lights and fuel. We arc going to
economize. General Sheridan's head
quarters were in the saddle.
In a word, farming does not pay any
too well these times, and sooner or later
we shall learn, that with labor just as
high as it was when butter was worth 40
to 50 cents per pound; and beef from
12 to 15 cents per pound, all expenses
must be strained to the narrowest possi
ble con:pass. It does not matter so
much with the older class of farmers, who
realized tho larger half of their gain from
a single stroke of good fortune?the com
ing into this section of the Passumpsic
railroad ; but the man that owes fot?Bis
real estate 'must' economize, The Pa
trons mean to do it.
But, sir, although there arc many rea
sons why this Society may be on advan
tage to the laboring farmer, why it be
came n necessity, there is one alone that
will give it security, permanence, endu
rance. It is the facilities it affords for
intellectual improvement. I often ask
myself why farmers are not better edu
cated. To prosecute this business with
anything like succefs there is need of the
most varied knowledge. The lawyer has
nothing in the way if ho has common
sense. Law is about tfie same the world
over; at any rate, what is law in the Con
necticut valley is law on the Champlain
shore. But how different with the far
mer 1 A man that owns a hundrod acres
of land is wonderfully fortunate if he has
not a dozen different kinds of soil, each
requiring a different kind of treatment.
What would ser ? a good purpose in one
instance would bo poison in another. It
is too often the case that farm knowledge
extends no farther than the mere fact that
seed vrill grow after n fashion, if it is put
into the ground in spring time. But Mr.
Drew has clearly specified the necessary
qualifications for successful,farming.?
Farmers not only need scientific fanning,
but they have the means of acquiring it.
Take the year together and they have
more leisure time than any other class of
men. As it is not the quantity of food
that a person eats that makes him strong,
but that which is digested, so it is not
the amount of reading matter one de
vours thnt gives power to the intellect,
but so much ns is suitably reflected upon.
When the professional gentleman is
engaged in his business his thought is nil
in his work; but the fanner can plant or
hoc his corn, and think of what he has
read or heard a*, the* Society meeting,
thus separating the dross from the pure
There is no use denying it, our farm
ers for the most part arc not proud of
their occupation. It is not so in the old
countries, fn many of them it is re
garded as one of the highest qualifica
tions, and even accomplishments, to be n
land owner. All that is needed with us
is to understand this business bettor, to
have a relish for it.
As I have said, the chief object of the
Patrons is to benefit our agricultural
masses. A person may devote a life
time to the acquiring of some correct sci
entific principle. If he attempts to gain
his knowledge by actual experiment great
headway cannot be made. Is it not bet
ter that the whole mass of fanners should
have the advantage of a fact by the mere
hearing or rending it? In this way, by
some organization, a vast amount of cor
rect information can be gained, the effect
of which will be discerned upon the
whole face of the agricultural arena.
There arc still men who scout the idea
of scientific farming ; who ridicule im
provement every way ; who believe in or
dinary stock as being the most profitable,
because it costs less, and these men carry
some weight with them, for they have
accumulated considerable property ; but by
the most rigid economy, even to stingi
.Now, who arc the world's benefactors;
men who leave behind them at death,
lasting monun^its of their works in the
form of improved lands, nice stock, ex
cellent fences, neat and tidv buildings,
* ml O ?
> labor-saving machinery, and an educated
family, or those who leave nothing but n
little black trunk, filled with noted and
mortgages upon real estate?
The Patrons belicvo in the former, and
mnko the best effort to infuse into the
minds of tho members an ambition to
succeed in this Tegard.
Farmers' clubs" have done much to
wards improving the condition of farmers,
bnt their influence is confined to locali
ties. This Society is so systematiscd,
that while our Grange is working a dif
ferent one, and the results are reported
Sharpers have of late, taken the in
credulous farmer as a fit subject for prac
tising their tricks upon, and they have
been humbugged most shamefully. How
many, think you, have money everlast
ingly invested in patent churns, potato
diggers, &c. ? This Society is on the
alert for hunting out these pests to un
suspecting men, which are reported to
tho National Grange, and by it trans
mitted in circular form to subordinate
I might stand here till night enume
rating instances wherein farmers arc ben
efittcd by this organization. They are
full everywhere. Suflico it to say, it is
the object of the Patrons of Husbandry
to lift them from a .scrvilo and not too
well educated condtion; not to relieve
them from honorable, health-giving,
mind invigorating labor, nor to make a
kid-gloved gentry of them?but saving,
thiuking, systematic, scientific farmers,
and place where they belong?at the
head of the nation."
For information relative to organizing
Subordinotc Granges, address,
O. H. KELLEY,
Secretary of the Nationnl Grange,
Washington, D. C.
"Although auroras," says the "Me
chanics' Magazine," "are much more fre
quently seen in latitudes north of ours
than in our own, the north pole is not
the region around which the most splen
did and magnificent displays of the north
ern lights are to bo seen. As we travel
farther north from England, auroras be
come more and more common until a
certain latitudo has been reached, after
which they become less frequent. And
strangely enough, the region in which
the display is most commonly to be seen
lies father north in some longitudes than
in others. For example, an inhabitant
of St. Petersburg would have to travel
northward to within 19 degrees of the
pole before attaining the region of the
most frequent auroral displays. On the
other hand, an inhabitant at Washington
need only travel northward to latitude
?? degrees to reach the place of the
greatest auroral action. If we took a
globe and marked down tho spots thus
obtained, wc should find that they formed
a nearly circular band within which the
north pole would occupy a very eceeu
tric position. In fact, we could repre
sent the position of the band very well
by constructing a ring of card or paper
of such dimensions to agree with the six
tieth parallel of latitude, and then push
ing the ring down on the side of Amer
ica, and upward on the side of Asia,
until it passed through the most souther
ly part of Hudson's Bay, and the most
northly part of Siberia. When fully
formed, the auroral arch is a most sym
metrical and beautiful apparation. It
surrounds a space of slate-colored light,
and from thu arch itself luminous streams
dart with a quivering motion toward
what is termed the magnetic meridian.?
Sometimes the ends of the arch are bent
downward near the horizon ; but at oth- j
crs they are bent in a contrary direction.
Haustedt relates that, when he was at
Christiania, he twice saw the auroral
arch in the form of a complete oval.?
Sometimes more than one arch has been
seen. On one occasion the observers,
who were sent by the French Govern
ment to winter at Bossckop, in Finland,
saw no less than nine arches, separated
by dark space.-, 'and resembling in their
arrangement magnificent curtains of
light, hung behind and below each other,
the brilliant folds stretching completely
across the sky.*""
? m t mm -
The Little Corporal for June is unu
sually attractive in Stories, Poetry and
Pictures. Among the leading articles
are The New England Boy Farmer, bv
Charles Dudley Warner, of the Hartford
Cournnt; Tho Down Hill Principle, by
J. B. T. Marsh, editor of the Advance;
and Poems by Susan Coolidge, Gco
Cooper, Laura W. Ledyard. The illus
trations arc numerous and very fine.
Hereafter every subscriber is to receive a
beautiful new Chromo, entitled "Cher
ries arc Ripe." Terms, SI. 50 n year,
and 10 cents for postage on Chromo.
Address, John E, Miller, Publisher,
' Chicago, Illinois.
THE OllANGEBUllG TIMES.
Orangeburg, S. 0., Juno 12, 1872. \
LARGEST CIRCULATION IN THE COUNTY.
J. S. HEYAVAHI), Editor.
Henceforth, all Inegal Atlj.
vertisements-s of County
Interest, Avhethov notices
or others, will bo ximblis.Vi*
od for the benefit of our
renders whether they are
paid for or not.
The second grent move on the chess
board of our national politics bos been
made. There is no longer any doubt as
to who the Radicals propose to make
their next President and ours. The Phili*
ndclphia Convention has called upon all
to rally to the support of Grant and Wil
son. And just here it is pleasant to all
friends of reform to contemplate the po:
sition of Mr. Colfax, who, it appears, was
not so radical as tho presiding officer o?
our Council of State should be. That
Mr. Colfax shall bo thus slid overboard*
and take it gently is more than wc sup
pose. What his weight may be wc know*
not, but just to that ex'cut may the Na-'
tional Rads look for disaffection in their
Wilson whom they have proposed
as substitute for Colfax, is a life
long and bitter hater of everything*
Southern ; institutions, people and indi
viduals. What Grant lacks in personal
venom will be more than supplied by this
vile, aged limb of Satan, Wilson, of Mas*
saohusetts. It behooves us to fight doubly;
hard to stave off the possibility of letting
him have tho superintendence of our na
lional legislation. If any selection wasj
required to more desperately unite the
South and her friends we have it here.?
Thad. Steven*:, if alive, would probably
have been worse for us because more in
fluential than Wilson and thence polling a
larger vote. Sumner may have a more
violent hatred to individual Southern Con^
gresswion; but for untiring, persistent
zealous malignity to the South, no pub
lic, man of our day is to be (we believe)
compared to Wilson. His term of ac
cession is our term of degradation and
The danger in re-electing Grant is that
with another term in the White House
he will indelliby impress upon our form
of government a careless, irresponsible
way of amending the Constitution to suit
a sectional majority ; a dangerously free
use of military power, without adequate
provocation ; a tendency to centralization
of the Government, and an unblushing
system of nepotism and gift-taking (both
with and without office as tho object)
that would make gentle blood tingle
even in private life.
Grant, without the ability of a states
man, with the pertinacity of ti stone
crab, has managed to warp the whole
machinery of our government, and cor
rupt by his venal example, every officer.
Wilson, with tho brains of a first-rate
politician, would like nothing better than
a chance in unsullied times, when men
are more or less irresponsible, to blight
tho South for aye.
Mr. Peter Kowc Died last Sunday at
the residence of his niece Mrs Sophia
Frederick where, he has been sull'cring
from indisposition for several weeks past.
Mr Kowc. had attained one hundred
years of age and his tenure of life was too
feeble to recover from his attack. His
remains were buried with masonic honors
on Monday morning at New Hope
Church?the members of the lodge from
this place leaving here for that purpose.
The remains of Mr. 11. W. Wiles were
buried on Monday of this week in the
burial ground of tho Baptist Church of
our town. The funeral rites were per
formed by Rev. A. P. Norris, pastor of
the Church. Mr Wiles was a young
mechanic of indrustrious habits and in
telligence. Ho leaves a young wifo and
three little children, the youngest hut a
few months old. He was a worthy man
whose loss can not fail to bo felt in our
community und wc deeply sympathize
with his friends and family.
Wc would cull attention of our readers
to the article which occupies our first
page. The organization, purpose and re
sult of these Granges, cannot fail to inte
rest every .member of an agricultural
community, as is ours ; we have there
fore given it as it conies to us in Circular,
instead of our usual selection of a story,
and beg that you will read it. Though
wc arc opposed to combinations, still wc
think it hits always been an unnatural
sttite of things which enabled the mer
chant to dictate to the fanner what he
shall have to give for supplies, as well as
what ho must take for his crops : Thus
burdening the farmer with the labor to
raise raw material and the labor of man
ufacturing. Our theory is that the land
owner is the lord of the foil, and should
be treated liberally, whereas the system
pursued by most merchants since the
war has been to limit their usury only by
the extent of God's, charity to the far
mer. Not being proph ots, many of them
have got plantations as percentage, and,
being unable to pay unto themselves their
own usury, the plantations lie idle while
they disgorge their collected usury in
taxes and licenses and other Radical leg
islative clap-traps. It is time that the
white land-owner shall, if possible, plant
without a mortgage over the roof of his
house, and this organization proposes to
enable him to do so.
mm ? mm ?
Annual Meeting of the Orangehurg
The Orangehurg County Bible Society
held it.> second annual meeting last Sab
bath evening in the Baptist Church at
this place. The meeting was called to
Order at Si o'clock, by President Rev.
F. Allld. Upon his taking tho chair,
the hymn "Rock of Ages," was sung by
the congregation. The meeting was then
opened with prayer by Vicc-Prcsidcnt
Rev. J. D. A. Brown, sifter which the
liymu "Let everlasting Glories Crown,"
?was sung, the minutes of the hist meet
ing read and confirmed.
The following Annual report of the
j?oeiety was then vend:
On.vNGF.nuno S. C.May Jllst 1872].
To the Officers and Member., of the Or
angeburg County Bible Society:
In presenting ties second annual report,
for the past year! fdel that not a-; much
work ha- been done, a< the commence
ment of the year gave us reason to hope
for,and the interest in the Society has not
been as great as it ought to have
been. During the whole year there has
been but one application for a gratuitous
distribution,and that was for a Sunday
School Scholar. This fact leads to one
of two conclusion, namely our County is
well supplied with the Hilde, or the des.
tituto have no means of applying to this
Society, for the supply they need. If the
former is the case, we have great reason
to he thankful, w hile if those in need,
have no means of reaching this Society,
some steps should be taken to find them
out, that they may have their wants sup
plied, and 1 would request that every
member of this Society, seek out all cases
of need, and report the fact to the Dc
positarian, in order that those who have
no Bible and no money to purchase, may
receive Scriptures "without inonev and
Another fact 1 would call the attention
of the Society to:
I\ot one of our Churches outside of
our town have at all identified them
Selves with this Society. This in a great
measure restricts the usefulness of our
Society, and I would suggest to the exec
utive Committee that they look into the
matter, and adopt some plan, by which
the attention of the Churches throughout
the County may bo brought to the im
portance of this work. We have but
one assistant in the County, while many
more should be employed in the intot'csts
of this good work.
It is encouraging however to state that
the existence of our Society is becoming
more generally known, and 1 have rea
sons to know, that it has aided several of
our County Sunday Schools very mate
rially. Much yet remains to ho done.
More liberality, appreciation of the Bible,
and its importance to the County is need
ed; hearty co-operation, faith, prayer
and work, with the blessing of our Di
vine Master, and the Bible cause in Or
nngchurg County will exert a greater
As your Treasurer 1 submit the follow
Cash on hand at last Anniversary meet
Received from collection at last Anni
Sale of Books $22.02.
Total receipts for the year $40.26.
'To cash sent American Bible Society
Paid sundry expenses $2,41. $30,41.
Balance on hand $3.85.
During the past year I have disposed
of (55 Bibles and Testaments, as follows:
To Rev. I). J. Simmon.-., Branchvillo
For sale and distribution, 23 vol's
valued at $10-40.
To applicant for gratuitous distribu
sion 1 vol valued at lOcts.
Members of the Society 3. vol's at
Numbers sold, 38. $22 G2.
Total, G5 vol's at $35.22.
Leaving on hand 20 volumns of Testa
ments valued at $7.30.
In addition to these, I received from
the American Bible Society.
May 27th?127 Bibles and Testaments,
valued at $59 60.
Total now in Depositary 147, $06.90.
In closing this report I would urge
upon our friends the importance of this
cause and remind them, that as yet, none
have renewed their membership, and re
quest that they will embrace the oppor
tunity that will be offered this evening.
It may perhaps be interesting to the
congregation to present an account of
tho number of volumes issued by the
American Bible Saciety, also an outline
of its work.
During the 5G years of its existence
the Society has issued 28,780,969 vol
During tlic past year it lias issued
These arc printed in about GO differ
There are over 2000 Auxiliary Socie
ties connected with the institution, und
these have over 5,000 Branch Societies.
The gratuitous work id" the Society for
tin; year amounted in value to $242,
flic distribution of the Scriptures in
the I". S. during the year, as far as re
ported, is shown by the following:
Fumber of funnies visited 598,KG4,
found destitute of tic Bible, 73,732.
' Destitute, mfrtdieastrpplied, 41,400.
Individuals i:i addition !7,391.
Sabbath and other schools supplied
The iinmbir of volumes sent <<? this
State d iring*187l, was 1 1,58 I. Previous
to the war, the annual contribution to the
American Bible So.-'uty from tins State,
was $5,000, while last year the amount
sent was $1,710,51.
Dcsttiuto families supplied in 1S70
and 1871, 3,250.
Sabbath and other Schools 205.
Ucports for the past year have not
reached us yet, hut we have reason to
know that the figures are much larger.
In conclusion let me say ''freely ye have
received, freely give."
Respect fully Submitted,
Secretary (). ('. Bible Society.
The Oranscburg Missionary Union.
This body convened with the Santee
Baptist Chereh, on Friday, the 29.h
In connection with the transaction of
other business, it is the custom of this
body lo discus.- questions which pertain
to the advancement of the cause of
Christ; the prosperity of the church, ami
illdidual piety. At its late meeting, the
question discussed was selected at a pre
vious meeting to wit :
"Is tin- traf He of spirituous liquors con
sistent with the Christian character, and
should it be tolerated."
The question was discussed at some
length, several of the members participa
ting, although but one sentiment pre
vailed, still tho speakers were animated
and interesting, after which the follow
ing resolution was unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That it is the opinion of tho
Ornngoburg Missionary Union that the
traffic in spirituous liquors is decidedly
inconsistent with the Christian character
and should not be tolerated by our
Tho following resolution was also
Resolved, That the Moderator of this
Union be requested to havo the foregoing
resolutions published in the Orangcburg
Times, as expressive of the unanimous
sentiment of this bod v.
Rev. D. \V. CUTTINO,
Rev. W. J. Snider, Clerk.
ORANGEBURG COTTON MARKET.]
Cotton.?Sales for the week cndd
June 11, about 9 bales. Ordinary 21
low middling 22c; middling 23}.
Charleston, S. C, Juno 10.?]
inand for cotton dull. Sales 10 bah
ordinary 22; huddling 23 ; strict mi
dling 2>j. Rice market none. Go]
New York, June 10.-^Cctton du|
2g. Gold 14 i.
New Orleans, June 10. ? Cott
dull; middling 251.
PREPARED FOR THE TIMES.
Lard : :
Corn : :
Pea* : ? :
Oat* : :
Shad : :
Egg" s :
Rees Wax :
5 GO @6
1 25 @1 5C
1 55 ?0 0C
25 @ 60
2 00 @2 50
1 00 @1 25
20 @ 25]
10 ? 20]
10 ? 121
OFFICE COUNTY AUDITOR,
?itANOEn?u County, S. C.
June 5th 1872.
Pursuant to an Act PROVIDING for
the ASSESSMENT and TAXATION
of PROPERTY, approved Sept. loth,
18G8, and all Acts amendatory thereto:
Notice is hereby given that this Office
will be open for receiving RETURNS of
PERSONAL PROPERTY, from tho
Fl RS T DAY of JULY to the twentieth
day of AUGUST, 1872. All Owners,
Agents, Administrators, &c, of Roal
lv<tate are earnestly requested to maKe
Returns to this Office in ordci to,prevent
Fjrrons.ius Entries from being made in
the Tax Rooks. All persons failing to
make their Returns ou or Ifcfore tlieSfth'
day of August, a Penalty oi* 50 per cent
will be added to their Assessment.
JAMES VAN TASSEL,
ju no 12th?6t
By virtue of sundry executions to nie directed,
I will se7 to the highest bidders, at Orange
b:irg Court House, on the first MONDAY in
July next, for cash, the following property
one Tract of I.and containing about 200
acres, in St. Malhewn Parish, in lota of about
50 acres, i plats of which may be stin at my
office.) liCvied on as the property of Gco, T.
trick at the *uit of W. W. Watt.
Sly < iil 's Office, Orangehurg, C. H., S. C,
.luTiV 7, 1872?17?td
South Carolina R. R.
mail axd tasskxocr train.
Leave Columbia at 7.40 a m
Arrive at Charleston at - - 3.20 p r.i
LeavpMinileston.it ... 8.20 n m
Arrive at Columbia at - - - 4.05 pm
xiou r Kxrnw*, fukioiit ani> accommodation
tu a in, (Sundays excepted.)
Leave Columbia at - - 6..r>0 p m
Arriy? at Charleston at - 6.55 am
Leave Charleston at - 8.20 p m
Arrive at c olumbia at - - 6.40 am
Caihden Accommodation Train will continue
to run to Columbia as formerly?Mondays,
Wednesdays and Sat unlays.
A. L. TYLER, Vicc-Pretldent.
S. 1?. PicKKNS, General Ticket Agent.
I am pleased to inform my numerous friends
thai I have returned to Lewisvjlle, and have
1 have just received instruments with which
I can take as good and perfect a picture as can
be had anywhere in the State.
A trial is a/1 I ask. Perfect satisfaction guaran
Call and take a look at my Gallery.
S. M. PEtvRSON, Artist,
GEO. W. WILLIAMS &CO.,
GROCERS AND BANKERS.
NOS. 1 & 3 IIAYNK STREET,
Charleston, S. C.