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THE OMKGEBUIIG TIMES.
Orangeburg, S. 0., Aug., 21, 1872.
LARGEST CIRCULATION 1H THE COUNTY.
STILES it MELLICIIAMP, Editor.
To change Clont met Advertisement*, hol ice
must bo given before Monday noon.
Oim'fiicnds jvbbing to have advertisements
inserted jn,|bv TIMF.S, must haml them in by
Tuesday niorning, jO o'clock.
ADVKUTISEMENTS will bo inserted at
the rate of one dollar and a half per square
for the first insertion, and one dollar per square
for each 'subsequent insertion.
Lil)eral terniB made with those who desire
to advertise for three, six or twelve months.
llt$\m Marriage notices and Obituaries char
ged for at advertising rates,
1 lenceforfclii all Legal Ad
vertisements, of Coiinty
Interest, wli?tlioi* not ices
oi'olhei's. will be pxiblisli
ecl Ibr the benefit ot'our
readers wliot.li.er tliey are
1 >t? id for oy not._
of new .york.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT:
B. Gi\ATZ BJtOWN,
He want co govem
ini ut without corrUptioii;
a Congress ivilliout price;
and a Judiciary without
politics." ? B. ' GR ATZ
Tho record of the Dohiocrntic Party,
from the formation of the United States
Government, to tho present time, has al
ways been oiio of marked consistency. It
has always been the defender of the Con
'tiltition, and has fought with patriotic
acnl and ability, every attempt at usur
pation of powers unauthorized by this
It has always contended that the States
are Sovereign, and that the General
Government has n?.right to transcend
the powers, expressly delegated to it.
If any, are so blind or prejudiccd,os to
doubt that this position of the Democratic
parly is right, or that the colonies enter
tained the same ideas, when they enter
ed into the Federal compact, wo only in
vite them to a brief rohcarsal of a few
In the Declaration of Independence
we find these words :
" These United Colonies arc, and of
right ought to be fuee and indend
The 2nd article of Confederation
ren?ls. " Ltio.ll Stute retains its sovereign
ty, freedom, and independence, und eve
ry power, jurisdiction and right, which
is not by this Confederation expressiv
delegated to lite. United States in Congress
Tlio following is also a portion of the
1st article of the Treaty of Peace, be
tween England and the United States
singed at Paris at the close of the Revo
i lutionary war:
""His Britanic Majesty acknowledges
tho said States (here each of the original
thirteen arc distinctly named) to be free,
sovereign, and idependent States."
Again, <vhcn tho Convention met in
Philadelphia, in 1787, for a revision of
the Articles of Confederation, four plans
were proposed, two on the National, and
two on the Federal basis.
The National idea being to ignore the
articles of Confederation, nnd merge the ,
States into one single National Republic ;
nnd the Federal plan being to retain the
Federal system, nnd only make such ad
ditional delegations of power, us may be
necessary for a belter execution of the
The National idea was Centralization,
and the Federal, State Sovereignty.
After many days of anxious debate,
and profound thinking, the Nationals
gracefully yielded, and the Federal plan
Thus was formed under tho new Con
stitution, the most perfect model of a
" Confederated Republic," as Washing
ton styled it, that the wisdom of man has
For the Constitution, thus formed, and
handed to us by our forefathers, the Dem
ocratic party has battled faithfully, and
it will live to sec the day,when its defam
crs will regret that their names arc not
to be found among the defenders of Con
The whole plan of the opponents of
Democracy is, to lug in slavery, as one.
of its issues.
Now to say, that the Sou'.hern slave
owner murmured, because the property,
which was first introduced into this coun
try by yankeo or foreign traders, (and
for which he paid his money,) was violent
ly taken from him, is a truth ; but to say
that the Democratic party, in fighting
for the Constitution, therery fought
for the perpetuation of slavery, is a false
This party never objected to any
changes however vast, which any of the
States may choose to make in its own af
fairs, but it simply maintains that it
is an unwarrantable usurpation of power,
and destructive of liberty, for the CJcnci
al Government to interfere. If any
State had have (Iceland for the emanci
pation of slavery, within its borders, the
Democratic parly would never, accord
ing to its sworn principlcs,havc uttered a
word against it.
In proof of this, Wo have only to cite,
that when slavery was first mooted in
Congress, when the Federal or Demo
cratic element was in power, the house
passed a resolution refusing to interfere,
" it remaining with the several
States alone to provide any reou
l at ions therein, which humanity,
and true policy may require."
This great bug-bear slavery, iv, how
ever, now forever removed, and wc have
no doubl that Democrats would be less
inclined lo restore it, than Republicans
themselves,Judging by the lattors evident
tendencies in that direction.
Tho Democrats have agreed to all of
the recent amendments to the Constitu
tion, abolishing slavery; therefore in their
continued advocacy of local self-govern
ment, there is no-further cause for mis
construing their motives, if there ever
In this idea they arc right, and the
rapidity with which the Republican par
ty, the party of centralization, is drifting
into arrogant tyranny and despotism, is
daily proving it.
The Cincinnati platform recognizes the
equal rights of all men, without regard
lo color, and the importance of preserving
the local governments. '
It therefore embraces all that is meant
by the word freedom, nnd we heartily com
mend it lo the .support of every true pa
A. IF. Stephen's History
of the Uttiled States.
We have been honored with a copy of
this work, which we have perused care
fully, and laying aside prejudice, Sfraj
unhesitatingly pronounce it the best his
tory of the United Stales we have ever
It is written in a such a style, that the
student will be naturall}' attracted, and
find it easy to memorize.
When he comes lo the history of the
recent war, unlike Goodrich, who is un
ablo to conceal the spirit of the partisan,
Mr. Stephens faithfully performs the ofiice
of the historian.
lie records the naked facts, without
comment, whether tiny arc for or against
It is an exec lent work in every re
spect. The mechanical execution is line.
We heartily recommend it to our
schools and colleges, and hope that They'
will all, without a single exception,
adopt it as a text-book immediately.
The Orangeburg News, of last week,
professes to copy two sentences from the
"Timer" of the 14th. and deliberately,
leaves out two words..
Was this gross omission on tho part of J
the News intentional, or may-we take
the more charitable construction that its
editor is so much intekelte? in the
County Nominating Conventions, or local
polities generally, that his ocular pow- j
crs are sometimes allceted?
But however this may be, Mr. News, to
use your own classical cvprcssiony which
you will find in your last paper, we |
would advise you, for your own credit, to
correct your false copy of thp Times
We regret that we cannot accept yc.xir
opinion that our statement of the Demo
cratic gains in North Carolina would
"sound better" bundled up into one sen
tence. Probably such statements would
"sound better" still, to Republican ears,
further reduced, that is, not expressed at
We purposely placed the result for
1872 in a sentence by itself, in order the
more clearly and distinctly to con
trast it with the actual results of each
election for the previous years, and we
must decline to make the proposed alte
The Armed Force.
The Columbia Pluenix publishes an
itemized account, in the State Treasury
Department of moneys paid out,
and to whom, under what is called the
Armed Force appropriation, from which
we select among others, the names of the
following prominent Republican Saints:
F. J. Moses, Jr.?11.000
R. B. Elliot. . 10 500
S.L.I Ioge. 1.000
II. G. Worthington. 000
J. Mooncy, (unknown). 25,545
The whole list covers over $82,000.
We call upon all of these worthies, to
show their constituents how they spent
this money, before they make any more
Serious Riots in Ireland.
London, August 17.?Further advices
from Belfast confirm the reported serious
nature of tho rioting there Thursday.?
Several collisions occurred between mobs
of Protestant and Catholic processions,
during which a large number of persons
received injuries more or less of a serious
nature. The entire city was in an uproar
of excitement, and the disturbances were
only quelled by the most active exertions
of the police. Many rioters have been
London, August, 17?2 P. M.?A
dispatch just received from Belfast states
that the riots have broken out afresh.?
Severe fights are now going on. The
barracks of the police and several houses
have been wrecked by the mob.
-tr- -?-- ? * ? _ " -? ? ' ? ? -?- ?
MEW YORK CORRESPONDENCE.
Ne\y Yoke, July 27lh, 1872.
^Deaic Times:?After lenving New
London, Conn., a few hours ride by rail,
fprouglil us so Avon, a lovely country
Village, nestled among the lulls, and fam
ed for its charming sorrOundings. Five
Wiles from Avon is the noted CoJlinsvilh*,
which place is especially ronowned as
being the largest axe-manufactory in the
.United Slates. Plows* and cutlery are
also extensively manufactured here ; and
old John Brown, whose soul is still
marching on," procured his famous
pikes, which, in my opinion, opened the.
War, and no doubt, began the end of sla
very. From thence we visited Winsted,
the terminus of the road, and the princi
pal borrough in Litchfield county. It
Contains numerous manufactories, mostly j
of various forms ot iron and steel, such
ma scythes, lues, forks, drawing knives,
spins, &c,; the construction and manufac
ture of which it has been my privilege to
be an eye witness. Having seen all the
curiosities worthy of note, I embarked
for the Empire State?New York. This
-City is indeed, the largest and most im
portant City of the Western Continent,
Manhattan Island, on which the City
Dr?per stands, is tint teen and a half j
miles in length, with an average breadth
of one and three quarter miles, forming
Ku arrea of nearly twenty-two square
iles, or fourteen thousand acres.
As our Steamer enters New York Bay,
nd sail?i between the villa-crowned
bores of Staten and Long Island, through
hat narrow passago known as the Nar
rows, can bo seen the massive battlements
'of Fort Richmond, and the water battery
of Fort Tompkins, on Staten Island.?
passing amid these noble guardians of
the harbor, with a fleeting glimpse cd'the
Ipam-lingercd nock of Coney Island, the
-panorama of the great Island City of the
RVostern Hemisphere is at once unfold
ed. I need not comment upon the ele
gance and grandeur of the Central Park
Karden; nor upon the fashion of
83 road way ; nor of her private Parks and
ipubie squares; nor of herbeautifullv and
?gorgeously built churches, costing thon
Kind upon thousands of dollars; nor of
Ker superb ami liberal Hotel ncconinio
Hiltions, for tin i are already widely and
generally known throughout both Eastern
and Western Hemispheres. En passent, I
will aliud*! to the retail store of tbePrincc
merchant, A.T. Stewart. It i.= reported by
the knowing ones, that bis is the largest
store in the world- It occupies the en
tire square bounded by ninth and tenth
Streets, Broadway and fourth Avenue.
It is built of marble and is considered
fire-proof.. There are, in the employment
ot" his retail department, two-thousand
clerks, constituting a larger number than
the entire population of Orangcburg ('. II.
X. Y. Z.
Senator Doolittlc is confident that the
Democrats will carry Maine.
George II. Pcndlcton will return home
from Germany in time to take part in
|ho Presidential canvas, lie expresses
himself earnestly tu favor of Grccley's
pohn L. Clark, of Decatur County,
Iowa, has just resigned his position npon
the Radical State central committee,mid
declared himself for Grcclcy.
Captain Yeoman, of Fort Dodge, la.,
who belonged to the brigade which cap
tured Jeff. Davis, was the first man in
his town to dee'are for Horace Grcclcy
A few Democrats met at the Girard
House, Philadelphia, on Monday night,
to make arrangements for attending the
Louisville Convention. The Press says
that one h tnered Democrats will go from
A correspondent from Columbia Coun
ty, Penu., the home of the Hon. Charles
R. Buckalcw, dcclnrs thet tue Liberal
majority will be fully two thousand five
hundred, being seven hundred more than
the usual Democratic majority.
Mr. Grccley telegraphs to tue Tribune
in relation to the ssccial dispatch publish
ed in the Boston Traveller: "I have,
written none but private letters, and
have written to no person that we shall
carry but two New England States, as I
Grasshoppers are catibg up everything
but cast iron boile rs in Big Hole and
Jefferson valley Montana. They would
cat them but there ain't any thcr to be
A correspondent of the Louisvillo Cou
rier-Journal ait Jacksonport Arkansas,
j writes that all the white bats and negroes
I they arc for Grcclcy.
Indians on the War Path.
Salt Lake, August 17.?The Indiana
of San Petq County are still on *hc war
path. Infantry and cavalry will ba im
mediately sent in pursuit.
Salt Lake, August 18.?Three com
panies of United States troops left for
the field of Indian danger in San Pete
County. Generals Ord and Morrow
leave immediately for the scene of opera
tion with caaalry. J. D. Page, the tele
graph operator at Mt. Pleasant, was at
tacked last night by Indians when leav
ing his offiqc, and was terribly wounded j
in tho head by tomahawks. The Avound
is supposed to be fatal.
New Yoke, August 19.?Horace
Grecley arrived this morning from Bos
Official returns from eighty-four coun
ties in North Carolina give Caldwell 2,
Memphis,T?nn, Aug 19.?Col Andrew
?I Kellar, editor and proprietor of the
Ava lanchc, advances himself as an inde
pendent candidate for Congress in this
district, and is an ardent supporter of
Grecley and brown.
It is reported that the boll worm ig
doing great damage in Northern Missis
Washington, August 19.?The heat
is excessive here to day, the thermometer
reaching 94 in the shade.
There is information from Geneva
which warrants the assertion that since
the exclusion of the claims for indirect
damages, the business before the Tribu
nal of Arbitration has been favorable
to tins Government, and that several aw
ards for direct damages have already
been agreed upon, the indications be
ing that oh the conclusion of the adjudi
cation a gross sum will be awarded to
the United States, thereby avoiding a re
ference of the subject to a boatd of Com
missioners. It should not bo expected
that particulad^ ean now be officially
given as the proceedings of the Tribunal
are conducted in secret, and as tho im
formation furnished to our Goverment
is of the same character.
Bland ani)Childlike-?The Beau
fort Republican says. We see that some
Reformers in Charleston have nomina
ted Mr. Cardozo for treasurer. The case
with which by his own admissions, he
was hoodwinked by Parker and ICimp
ton would prevent us from advocating
his claims for Treasurer. IIo is bland
enough but entirely too childlike for
We hear the painful rumor from Mas
sachusetts, that Ben Butler is likely to
desert Grant and go over to Grecley.
Now in the name of all the Gods at once
w hat evil have we done to merit such
an infliction as this? The great Liber
al aud Democratic party of the country
could toh rate almost anything in creation
but to be broken down and dishonored
by association with a bottle imp and
spoon litter is to much for Christain
patience and forbearance. From all
such, goad Ljrd deliver us.
The Republican says that Grant is
coming out for Grecley?on the 4th of
The American Farmer's Advocate,
devoted to tho interests represented in the
National Agricultural Congress, is one
of the largest aud by far the cheapest
agricultural papers in this country and
should be in tho hands of every farmer.
$2,00 per year; in clubs of four or more,
50 cents each. Address Advocate Pub
lishing Company, Jackson, Tenn.
"Senator Trumbull, of Illinois, is on his
way to Maine, where the combat hourly
deepens and the sign of victory for the
Liberal cause hourly brightens. The
financial alarmists in this and other
cities are respectively invited to ponder
the very significant facts that the weath
ieit and most responsible men of the Re
publican party in Maine are in open op
position to Grant and his rings. Men
who hr.vo earned their fortunes by life
times of labor, integrity, and cntcrpisc,
find it a little difficult to understand
'now a needy Congressman can become a
millionaire in two or three terms of ser
vice at Washington.?[New York World,
m? ? mm - ?
Wisconsin has got 106 in the shade.?
This is a temperature that makes one in
different about the price of coal, and cal
lous to the warning of the clergy.
There is an ancient painting in Spain
where Abraham in the sacrifice is pro
poring to shoot Isaac with a pistol.
' The Nation Bays that "Grant'j
eales would soon er go to jail tin
why the President keeps Casy in
Thn Nation is an advoeate ot Grt
a candid one at that.?[Car<
A tender husband once called uj
doctor and asked him to prescribe
wife's eyes,' which wero very rt
sore. "Let her wash them with
every morning," said the doctor,
next time the husband and doctoi
the latter inquired about the lady'
"They are no better," said the husl
"Did she follow my advice?" askec
doctor. "She has made the attempt i
day," remarked the spouse; "bu(
never could get the glass of brandy
sr than her mouth."
PREPARED TOI! THE TIMES.
The member* of the " Orangebtirg You
il/cn't* Debating Society," are requested
mecei at JArs Glower's School room next I<|
day evening, at 8t o'clock, for the pnrpov
re-organizing the society
All the young tuen who desire to join
society, are requested to attend the meeting.
FjPIhe exercises of Miss r. S. ALBERGOT1
jl School will he resinned on .1/onday, Sei
temher 2nd, at the resilience of Capt. T.
JEFFORDS, lias-ell Street.
The greatest care and attention given to tL
(studies and deportment of pupils placed undt
her charge. For terms applv as above.
t A Y j; 0 11
has taken the premium over all Competitor*
for speed and Staple, liiftlate eorttcat onceol
T.\i L< )li'S 50 -,iw CilNS, picked more cotton]
than a To kiw rival CIN, and I ho cotton sola
for a better price. For sale at Factory prices!
.Igt at for Orangeburg
rjpho BOARD OF HE AL-7TT appointed undei
.H- an ordinance of .lane 20th, give notice that)
it is their intention to commence a general in
spection of the premises of the citizens,on the '27
of August, and invite the eo-operatioii of all, j
in cleaosing and purifying their yards and has,
so as to render any compulsory course unncc-1
cssnry. Regarding the health of the Communi
ty a- of special importance, and having the pow
er td enforce an observance of the "tlealth < >r
dinn'ce," they hope that nil the citizens will as
sist in securing the aim of the Board.
Rv order of
DR. A. S. SALLY,
J. A. HAMILTON,
(Nkws copy once.)
The undesigned have this day formed a Part
nership for the purpose of uniting t'.eir sepa
rate Schools into one, under the name of the
OIIA IS EC- HU (i AGA DEMY.
Having individually enjoyed a liberal pat
ronage at the hands of the Community, together
they beg a continuance of it to them under the
present arrangement, promising unabated ener
gy and industry together with the further ad
vantage of being enabled, under the changed cir
cumstances, to devote themselves more exclu
sively each to bis own particular branches.
Terms payable as heretofore, at the end of
Next term will commence on the first Mon
day In (being the seeoud day of) September
Board can be obtained, in privat? families,
at very moderate rates.
STILES R. M ULLI OH A MF,
jas. s. hey ward
BROWNING & BROWNING
AttoiMioys At Law,
OitAXGEBuna, C. 11., S. C, ?
Malcolm I. Bnowxixo. A, F. Browninq
W. J. DeTrcville,
A T T O Pv NEY AT LA W.
Ollico tit Court House Square,
Orangoburg, S. C.