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title: 'Orangeburg times. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1872-1875, April 10, 1873, Image 4',
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For the 2'imca.
A sk/tch IM make, for her sweet sake/
\\ Idle softly. she is'sleeping ;
And freely trace, the whiBomc grate,
And heart ro blithe in keeping,
That heart as light as bird in flight,
Amid gr.ocnlEd?4'a bptrew,
And ?ong as.wild as love's own child,
A golden d'&atit t?ay" tllrow. a gleam
Of ginUribss o'er her slumber,
And round her brow bright wreaths may blow,
Is mute amid the number?
She sighs, she smiles, nnd nleep beguiles,
WbU-vi^ou^'bright above her ;
I'll bribe irepVdc] this Very night,
Tb ?!*p^i''ni^ridvehcr'? -
Go elfln queen, and hide between
Her check and pillow pressing,
And tell her car, that t he may hear,
He craves thy svaect lorxfe Hessing;
'Plibrt-closely liegend watch her eye
Of waking, how it bcameth;
If bright; Oh bliss! steal kiss on kiss,
But weep, if sad it secmeth.
"Agriculture in the General Pursuit of Man ; it
. tt the .Basis of ell others, and there
fore, the most Useful and
1 h, 17 m.
4 h. 32 rav
12 h, 2 m.
i5 b, 23 m.
See notice of important meeting
of the County Agricultural Society, on
Saturday last, in local column.
tSP" Will not some farmer reply to
enquiry of our correspondent from "the
Fork," on the subject of clover, &c His
letter will bo found on second page. Our
correspondent will see that we have
emitted a small portion of his letter
(which we have considered too personal)
without altering the sense.
For the use of pur farmers we will reg
ularly publish the phases of the moon,
aud tho time of rising and setting of the
sun, at tho head of our agricultural col
umn. A newspaper is sometimes more
easily found than the almanac. All far
mers who keep regular hours will appre
THOUGHTS FOR THE MONTH.
The yield of a crop is very largely de
pendent upon the "stand" secured.?
Again, success often depends upon get
ting a stand at a particular tim^. A
difference of a few days or a week, in the
time of planting, often mnkes a wonder
ful difference of results; especially is this
true in the case of cotton, and as this
crop will lit? planted during the present
month, we venture a few suggestions as
to time and mode of planting, for the
benefit of young farmers more especially
First?time for planting cotton. The
earlier the better. Plant just as soon as
the danger of fvost is over. Our obser
vation is, that taking the average of sea
sons, early planted cotton fruits better
than late planted. A certain degree of
maturity (which age alone can give) is a
condition precedent to fruiting. A stalk
must be formed before the fruit can be.
At first the forces of the plant are all di
rected to making weed?afterward these
arc diverted into fruit making channels.
]Jut nature will have its course and time
must be given for the first to complete
its work, ere the tide turns.
Certain peculiarities of our climate
must also be considered in tliif connec
tion?drought rarely fails* lo OCCttr' in
July or August. Tho result is a suspen
sion of vegetable activity?growth and
fruiting urc both arrested. Previous to
this, the conditions for making fruit are
generally favorable. With an enrly
start, therefore, a good' "bottom" crop is
almost certain?much more so than
either a "middle" or "top" crop. As
young plants are not so much affected by
drought as old ones, a very lato planted
crop, may sometimes pass unchecked
through a drought and make a good late
crop, but tho chances arc inferior to those
of an early planted one.
MODE OF PLANTING.
Two dangers to ho avoided, lack of
sufficient moisture to make the seed -ger
minate?and formation of a crurt which
may prevent the young . plant from get
ting above the surface. April is often
very dry?and unless the seed are plant*
ed iminedinteiy after a shower, they fre- j
quently fail to come, up well. The old
plan of "opening a furrow with plough,
and listing on them with two furrows
and afterward knocking off the top of
list with a board, just as the seed are
ready to come un, is ono of the -Hurest
methods of securing a stand in dry
weather. The objection to it is the large
amount of time and labor involved. As
formerly practiced, it required 4 hands
and three mules to each row. One to
open furrow, one to drop the seed and two
to cover. Few can afford to adopt such J
an expensive process.: The "Cotton
Plantei" who opens the furrow, ' drops
the seed and covers them, makes one
hand and one mule do the work of four
hands and three mules under the old
plan described above But whilst thus
saving labor, it does not insure against
To remedy this defect we made the
suggestion in a former number, and re
pent it here, to cd* off the top of the bed
with a drag or smoother just in advance
of the "Planter" so as to have a moist,
fresh surface in which1 to' plant. Seed
will rarely fail to come up if thus planted
?and the increase of labor required will 1
be quite small. A smo ther 5 feet wide
will dress off two beds at a time, and not
weighted can be drawn by one horse.
The whole labor, therefore under this
plan would be one hand and a half aud
one horse and a half to each mw.
A suggestion in this connection was
made by a correspondent last year which
struck us so favorably, ve beg to repeat
it here. It is, w here the top of the bed
is not cut off, to place a board behind the
plough hoe, that is between the plough
hoe and the helve, having the point of
the former project just enough beyond
the board to open a furrow of desired
depth. This arrangement not only se
cures uniformity and gunge of depth,
(very important matters) but frees tne
lop of the bed from clods and removes
tho crust, if one has formed. It a o
throws on each side the dry top earth
and leaves fresh meist earth with whkhl
to cover the seed.
rolling the seed.
For reasons dincussed above, it is high
ly desirable that cotton should come up
quickly, after being planted?otherwise j
the ground might dry off too soon for it
to appear above the surlace until it rains
again. Wetting the seed and keeping
them in moderate bulk for a day a. d
then rolling them, facilitates greatly their
germination. Holling is so eusily d n
with the "barrel roller," described in lor
mer volumes of the Cultivator, that no
one need be deterred from doing it by
the labor required. Iu addition to mak
ing the seed comer up before the ground
can dry off, rolling economises the seed
aud insures regularity of distribution.?
The addition of some fertilizer w hilst the
rolling is being done, is also of gieat
value, iu giving an impetus to the young
plant. Peruvian guano is the best for
this purpose. It may be mixed with
some plaster?say two of guano to one ol
plaster, and just as much used as will
adhere to the seed. The addition of su
pcrphosphate would be be desirable, were
it not for the danger of killing the
seed thereby. Quite small quantities ol
an acid phosphate in contact with cotton
seed, will entirely destroy their germina
ting power. Bear that in mind. Pure
Peruvian guano used in rolling will not
kill cotton seed, but superphosphates
Cotton planting being finished and
corn hard'.y ready for its first workin ,
time will be afforded to look after the
"side" crops, such as sweet potatoes, drill
ed corn, millett, &c., &e.
The value of this as a forage crop is
beginning to be appreciated among our
people. The amount roised to an acre
is almost fabulous ; we hear of 8 or 10
tons alter it is thoroughly dried. To
succeed, the ground1 must be very rich,
and must have been ploughed- several
times and that deeply, 60 as to bring it
into the best possible condition. Plant
in drills 3 feet apart and sow"3 bushels
of -eed por acre. Win n up, plough it as
you would other crops. The latter part
of April is a good time to sow it.
Millet stands drought and neglect bet
ter than corn, but like it, requires rich
soils to produce best results. Sow in
drills the same distance apart as corn?a
half bushel to one bushel of seed per acre
will be ample. The "Cat tail" is one of
tho best varieties.?Southern Cultivator
BROWNING & BROWNING
Attorneys At Jjiiw,
Orangeburg, C.H., S. C,
Malcolm I. Browsind. A. F. Browning
Tbe undersigned having formed a ce-pnrtnershipunder the name of FOWLE3 &
GX-OVER, offer tlieir services to tho community, as Agents for theSnle or purchase
of Real Estate, and for collection of Rents, &c JAB. H. FOWLE8.
JULIUS GLOVER, At Citizens* Savings Book.
At Law Office of Glover & Glover.
We offer for sale:
A new and beautiful residence In Or
angeburg, on East side of Railroad, with
fine outbuildings, garden, &c.
A plantation near Fort Motte, 600 acres,
m - ??? ? -w ?
with dwelling and outhouses in good con
dition?water power on the place.
100 acre farm (unimproved) on Bell
ville Road, Li miles from Orangeburg;
CO acres each, of open and wood land.
IN MEDICINES QUALITY IS OF THE FIRST IMPORTANCE.
E. J. OLdWEROS, M. D,
Dealer in Drugs, Medianes, IP stints, Oils, "Var
nish, Non-Explosive Lamps, Garden
Seods, <&c. &c. &o.
PRESCIPTTONS prepared with accuracy and fidelity, for which purpose a full and com
plete assortment of PURE CHEMICALS and GENUINE DRUGS will be constantly
IONG Experience?a successful business carcct of more than eight years in Orangeb?rg,
A and a good knowledge of the DRUG MARKET, at Home and Abroad, will afford
a sufficient guarantee that all goods sold or dispensed at my Establishment will be GENU
INE and RELIABLE.
A PPBECiATrNO the success Whirh, in the past, bra attended my efforts, I have deter
il mined to spare no pains to merit a continuance of the patronage so liberally bestowed.
E. J. OLIVEROS,
. No. 100, Russell Street,
. Orangeburg-C. H.; S. C.
Feb. 27, 1873, 2 ly
DR. A. C. DUKES,
Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, fine Toilet Soaps,
FANCY HAIR ANI3 TOOTH BRUSHES.
PERFUMERY AND FANCY
TRUSSES AND SHOULDER BRA CES,
GRASS AND GARDEN SEEDS, PURE WINES AND LIQUORS,
FOR MEDICINAL PURPOSES, PAINTS, OUJ8, VAR
NISHES AND DYE STUFFS, LETTER-PA PER,
PENS. INK, ENVELOPES, GLASS,
OIL LAMPS, &c., &c,
t&r Physicians ?rtf?criptions accurately compounded, -?a
FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY ?
Insure your Dwelling, Store or Stock of Goods in the
LIVERPl OL, LONDON AND ffLOBE INSURANCE CO
Capital, $20,500,000 in Gold.
This company paid, over three (3) millions at Chicago fire, and over one (1)
million at recent fire in Boston. JAS. H. FOWLES, Agent.
rpTJT? Copartnership of FELDER, VOSE & IZLAR is this daV dis
JL JjL_Cj solved by mutual consent. PAUL S. FELDER,
J. GEORGE VOSE,
March 1st, 1873, WM. V. IZLAR.
The business will hereafter be carried on under the name and style of VOSE &
Thanking our friends for past patronage, we hopo in future to merit a continu
ance of the Eam5.
All persons indebted to the old Firm are requested to'"innlie"lirihie,dinto pay
ment to VOSE & IZLAH.
October 2, 1872, 4 ly
GOODS GIVEN AWAY
Almost, or sold so cheap that '.he buyer receiv.es. a.great advantage, at the
welll-known stand of C. D. KORTJOHN,
Coffee, Sngar, Teas, Tobacco, Segars, FloUr, Bacon, Lard, Butter, Cheese
Crackers, Canned Goods, and, in fact, everything wated for the family.
You do not wish to buy, come and look at my stock of Groceries und Liquors of alt'
grades. ESPECIAL ATTENTION is .called to my pure Coghab Brandy and
Holland Gin, for Medicinal purposes.
As I am beyond the necessity of selling inferior articles. I have a well-selected
ond first-class stock which I am anxious should be examined
Bv my" friends and customers, and by the public generally.
*6y Satisfaction guaranteed, by
Nov.20-ly O. D. KORTJOHN.
MOSELEY & CROOK,
HAVING Formed * copartnership under the Firm Name aim gtyle u above we wotritf
reapect/dly call the attention of the pnblie to the same. ? aoore, we wottftf
Constantly on a a . p??*t*^fa..
hand a full supply WEHEX- t?or,^^Sf ^ *
of 1>RY GOODS, 0JPf2CT%0 ?iifc^I^
Graeries.Hariir.re A^J??tKr 4 JF*A^GB pa**** of RICE
F AT8, Caps, Boote ?WA? T, ?ND .
and and Shoes, Tin- OUR STOCK WITfTTms n ~ " 2
ware,Crockery Sad- IDEA. WE wYRJ?1Mf * Sil ?^JS^f
dies, Bridles,'Tools, HESITATE TO FORCE A? *S* **
Garden Seeds, &c ?ALES BY OFFER IN? pncee that w?. know
all verv chean ?JE3fl3?KOODS AT J??vesatisfaction
COMB AND .E.. ..SlXtf,-. COM* W ??
? ^fcfcSJiwPpo?T OFFICE. w: k. cbook.
The Citizens' Savings Bank
OF SOUTH CA.ROLI3SrJA.
Will pay 7 PER CENT INTEREST on SPECIAL DEPGSITS and 6 PER CENT on SAY.
INGff DEPOSITS compounded Semi-annually.
Hiocal Finance Committee.
Hon. THOS. WVGLOVER.
Col. PAUL S. FELDER.
Capt. JOHN A. HAMILTON.
JAS. H, FOWLES,
mch 19-ly . Assistant Cashier*
TRIUMPHA N T!
CARO INA FERTILIZER
will, de bold as follows:
$48 per. Tnja.nf 2,000'lbs
$53 per Ton' of 2,000 lbs.
Payable November 1, 1873, free of iuterest.
Freight and dray age to be added. Its success is unparalled, and* its standard'
A No; iV
Call on Agents for Almanacs and Certificates.
Geo. W.? Williams & 06^
de* 18* Charleston, S. C,
BULL, SCOVILL & PIKE, Agents.
LIFE INSURANCE AGENCY!
Insure your life in the
PIEDMONT AND ARLINGTON LIFE INSURANCE 00.
ThiB is the largest and ?nost prosperous of the Southern companies.
% JAS. H. FOWLES Agent, at Citizen's Savings B*kv
BULL, SCOVILL & PIKE
RAPIDLY HETDTJCIjSTG their LAJRGES
INDUCEMENTS ARE OFFERED. GOOD STYLES AND DESIRABLE
GOODS ARE ALWAYS FOUND AT
BULL, SCOVIki, & PIKE'S,
"Who are ageuts for First class
LIFE AND FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
Also Apcnts for >hc IMPROVED WIN8HIP COTTON GIN,
sinned 150??.'seed cotton td*nch saw in ? hours and oO minutes, Ihne ?^tvy
Saw Gin can turn out about 0 bales, 400 lbs. each, in about 9 hours, iftfun ata
high rate of speed. Purchase^ the^inshin^ sc(mLL & PIKE, Agents.