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A attlC ?L T?RAI,.
"Agriculture ia the General Pursuit of Manu
is./A* Basis of all others, and there
' ' J fore, the tnost Useful and
7 h, 14 m. 14th.
0 h, 58 m.
5 h, 41m.
New. |4 h, 1 m.
Days, iSun Ribe8..Sun Sets,
Mr. Editor :?Your correspondent
"The Fork," in your issue of the 10th
inst. wauts to know if there is any grass
or clover seed that if sown with small
grain will thrive when the crop has been
gathered, and make good pasturage in
In answer I would say that every ef
fort made to grow clover or foreign grass
es in this country has been a failure.
If "The Fork's" land is in good honrt
or if he will use some good fertilizer on
it when he sows his small grain and sow
about half bushel of crab grass seed with
it per acre, after he has harvested his
crop of small grain he will have an ex
cellent spring and 6uminer pasSurage, or |
if he docs not pasture it ho can cut and
make from two to three thousand pounds
of good hay per acre.
B: F. W.
I have a notion to lay down five acres
of land for crab grass for the purpose of|
makiu'g hay. I am desirous of quitting
the stripping fodder system, becnuse I am
of opinion that to make it of any value for
nutrition it must be stripped so "early as
to materially injure tho corn; and to
gather when corn is fully matured, it
ia worthless as a nutritious food for stock.
I am seeking information on several
points, which I hope some one of the
many readers of the Times will furnish
1st. At what time and in what man
ner must tho land be prepared ?
2d. Will it pay best to manure? If so
what manure and in what quantity, and
how applied ?
3d. What kind of lands are best adap
ted for it ?
4th. Wrhat will be the probable pro
5th. Can it be cut more than once the
6th. When cut what is the best meth
od for curing and making hay ?
7th. Have any of your readers any
experience in the sowing of corn, cutting
and curing it for long forage? If so
will they please give the process and re
sults through tho Times, and they will
much oblige a
From the Rural Carolinian for May.
Thoughts and Suggestions for the
The cotton crop will demand unre
mitting attention throughout the month.
Any neglect at this seaaou will tell badly
on it, and cannot be wholly made up af
terwards. Let the ploughs move briskly,
and the hoes follow. Break out the
middles thoroughly, and leave the whole
ground perfectly clean. If the corn
needs attention, it may be well in some
eases, after running two furrows to each
row, to put the ploughs into the corn
field while the hoes go over the crop, re
timing and breaking out the middles af
terwards. Toward the last of the month,
the jdoughs will have to go back into
the cotton again. "Let no grass grow
under your feet." "Chopping out" is an
important process, and the hands should
be well instructed and carefully looked
after during the operation. With a good
stand it is easy to have the bunches left
by the hoe at tolerably equnl distances,
m that when the final dunning is done
(when the cotton has made its third and
fourth, leaves) the plants will bo evenly
distributed 'throughout the field. Shal
low cultivation should be the rulo; but
the planter must not bo the slave of rides,
to the exclusion of common sense and a
constant and vigilant watchfulness, to see
when and wbero circumstances require a
departure from them. No general rulo
can be mnde to apply to all cases, and
cultivation must often be modified to diff
erences in soil, situation and season.
Will require its recond working early
in the month. Unless the soil be hard
baked, so as to absolutely require a thor
ough and deep breaking up between tho
rows, wo would work shallow near the
corn. The plough may go deeper in the
pi'Ulro of ih? space between tho row*. In i
any events, the destruction of grass'and
it bo complete, or wo ehn.ll have
more buy than corn, and in the wrong
place for hay. If corn be checked for
want of. the proper cultivation or the
presence of- grass, at this period of its
growth, it will novo* fully recover, and
tho attempt to root out or eovor up tho
grass afterwards will result in great dam
age to tho roots and cause the crop to
Immense quantities of fertilizers havo
been applied this season. We want care*
ful observations of the results, and accu
rate reports next fall. Not only should
one fertilizer be compared with another,
(noting the character of the soil and sea
son,) but the results of different quanti
ties and modes of application should be
taken account of. This is a very impor
tant matter. The purchase of fertilizers
is ono of the largest items <jf expenditure
in improved farming, and what wo want
to know is how to make the mast out of
it, by'buying the manure best adapted to
our soil, and applying in that quantity
and manner calculated to produce the
Look out for drought! We may do
this every season, and shall not look al
together in vain. What can we do about
it ? Keep the soil well stirred and our
crops vigorous by clean cultivation. If
the laud was properly prepared before
planting, we have the means in our own
bands of protecting our crops against all
moderate droughts. The bad farmer's
corn and cotton suffer every year from
drought, or from too much moisture
and generally from both. "Bad luck"
is sure to follow him year by year, and
will continue to follow hioi until he shall
mend his ways.
Frequent workings and a thorough
pulverization of the soil are particularly
beneficial on heavy, lauds. Disintegra
tion favors the decomposition of the or
ganic matter, as well as the absorptiou
um.1, retention of moisturo. Light, loose
soil require no more working than is nec
essary to keep them free from grass and
weeds. We must to see to it that they
get so much as that, aud that the grow
ing crops be not robbed of tho manure
intended for them, as well as of the ferti
lizing materials already in tho soil.
DRILL CORN FOR FODDER.
Scatter thickly (at the rate of from
two to throe bushels per acre) in brond
drills three feet apart. The laud must
be very heavily manured and deeply
broken up. When the corn begins to
tassel, is the time to cut and cure. Also,
sow cow peas broadcast or in drills, for
hay or to t?rn under, and Egyptian mil
let for green forage. Sow the latter in
drills three feet apart, on rich, highly
manured land. We know nothing that
will produce so much forage per acre as
this, wheu the soil has been Well man
ured and prepared.
HANDS AND MULES
Must be well fed and kindly treated,
if you wish willing and efficient labor.
Give both time to eat and to rest, but
when in the field let "lively" be the
J- S Alhergotti,
CHEAP GROCERY HOUSE,
Corner Russell Street and Rail Rond
OFFERS the following; goods p.t pri
ces which cannot fail to suit those
entrusting their orders to him.
Smoked Sides and Shoulders,
Family and Extra Flour,
D. S. Sides and Shoulders,
Choice Hams, Sugars, Cofiee,
Tea, Butter, Lard, Syrup,
Molasses, Vinegar, Canned
fSoods, Fresh Biscuits,
Meal and Grist, Kerosene,
Naptha, &c., &c, Ac.
Apples, Oranges, Lemons,
Raisins, Dried Figs, Finders,
And as choice candies as ever brought to thin
Jan. 1, 1873 11 ly
WILCOX, GIBBS & CO.'S MANIPULA
WE can fdl orders promptly for the above
celebrated Fertilizers, imported and pre
pared by Wilcox, Gibbs & Co., Charleston, S.
C, and Savannah Ga., as they have ample
stock on hand to supply all demands. Order
Roon before tho Railroads are blocked up with
freight. Special attention is called to the use
of tho Fhcenix Guano, mixed with cotton seed.
Apply for circulars, giving prices, terms, &c.
BULL, SCOVILL, & PIKE.
Frb. in, 2 4t
F. H. W. BRIGGMANN
HAS just received a full supply of NEW SPRING GOODS,
AST if HAS
CONSTANTLY ON HAND a. full lino of T3ry GoodS of all kinds He offers
Needed by everybody, at low rates, consisting of BOOTS AND SHOES, GROCERIES,
HARDWARE, HATS, Ac., &c ALSO,
The BUTTON?HOLE SEWING MACHINE, (which took first Premium ?t lost County
Fair,) for which ho is Agent.
Gall and See for Tourselves.
ALSO AGENT FOR THE
-A. Portable PUMP and SPEINKLER!
April 10, 1873 . 8 tf
REE fflTE AGENCY [
The undersigned having formed a co-partnership under the name of F?WLES &
GLOVER, offbr their services to tho community, as Agents for theSaJe or purchase
of Real Estate, and for collection of Rents/ Ac.- JAS. H. FOWLES,
JULIUS GLOVER, At Citizens"'Savings Bank.
At Law Office of Glover & Glover
We offer for sale:'
A new and beautiful residence In Or
anceburg, on East sido of Railroad, with
fine outbuildings, garden, &c.
dition?water power on the place:
TOO acre farm (unimproved) on Bell
ville Road, 11 miles from Orangeburg;
60 acres each, of.operi'ithd' wood laud.
_ ~' j ALSO, &\a Bargain, &40 acres.(150
A plantation near Fort Motte, 500 acres, , cleared) within' J mile of Rowe's Bridge:
. !.L J_"II!_._I_.1_i * ' _1_1 _ I-?1M I? T\_?_ ?-? ??-. .
with dwelling and outhouses iii good con-1 1} miles from Rowe's Pump Depot.
IN MEDICINES QUALITY IS OF THE FIRST IMPORTANCE.
E. J. OLIVEROS, M. D,
Dealer in Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Oils, Var
nish, Non-Explosive Lamps, Garden
Seeds, &c. &c. &c.
PRESCIPTiONS prcpare<l with accuracy and fidelity, for which purpose a full and com
plete assortment of PURE CHEMICALS and GENUINE DRUGS will be constantly
LONG Experience?a successful business carcci of more than eight years in Orangeburg,
aud a good knowledge of the DRUG MARKET, at Home and Abroad, will afford
a sufficient guarantee that all goods sold or dispensed at my Establishment will be GENU
INE and RELIABLE.
Appreciating the success which, in the past, Iim attended my efforts, I have deter
mined-to'spare no pains to merit a continuance of the patronage so liberallv bestowed.
E. J. OLIVER?S,
No. 100, Russell Street,
Orangeburg C. H., 8. C.
Feb. 27, 1873, 3 ly
DR. A. G. DUKES,
Drags, Medicines, Chemicals, fine Toilet Soaps,
FANCY HAIR AND TOOTH BRUSHES,
PERFUMERY AND FANCY
TRUSSES -AJSfD SHOULDEE BRACES,
GRASS AND GARDEN SEEDS, PURE WINES AND LIQUORS,
FOR MEDICINAL PURPOSES, PAINTS, OILS, VAR
NISHES AND DYE STUFFS, LETTER-PAPER,
PENS. INK, ENVELOPES, GLASS,
OIL LAMPS, &c, &e, .
*oT Physicians Prescriptions accurately compounded. -<Ba
FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY?
Insure your Dwelling, Store or Stock of Good* jrj the
LIVERPOOL, LONDON AND GLOBE INSURANCE CO
Capital, $20,500,000 in Oold.
This company paid over three (3) millions at Chicago fire, and over ono (1)
million at recent fire in Boston. JAS. Ii. FOWLES, Agent.
GOODS GIVEN AWAY
Almost, or sold so cheap that the buyer receives a great advantage, at the
welll-known stand of C. D. KORTJOHN,
Oofiee, Sngar, Teas, Tobacco, Segars, Flour, Bacon, Lard, Butter, Cheese
Crackers, Canned Goods, and, in fact, everything wated for the family.
You do not wish to buy, come and look at my stock of Groceries and Liquors of all
grades. ESPECIAL ATTENTION is called to my pure Cognac Brandy and
Holland Gin, for Medicinal purposes.
As I am beyond tho necessity of selling inferior articles. I have a well-solectcd
and first-class stock which I am anxious should bo examined
By my friends and customers, and by the public generally,
KSr Satisfaction guaranteed, by
Nov. 20-1 y ? 0. D. KORTJOHN.
MAP E S'
of iiME, And
H. PRESTON & SONS'
Arnfnoni?ted Bone Superphcfspimie of LIME.
CASH, $50; $60.
THE OLDEST SUPERP?O?PxIATB l^AlrtFACtTRED IN THTfif
Til? Above Fertilizers are made from the best and finest material obtainable
The proportions of. each of the ingredients are such as to produce powerful and ac^
KlIJVSMAX, & HOWEiL,
General Agents for South Carolina.
No. 128, East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
tf. A. HAMILTON/ Agent at Orangeburg C. H., S. C.
January 20, 1873 - 50 tf
WILLIAM M. BIRD & C
IMPORTERS AND MANUFACTURERS OF
y HJULlJtlJ- LbllUWj LUllUIJ) UVJJUJLl/Uj
PROPRIETORS FAVORITE BRAND BRILLIANT PE
Marviii^s Safes, and Hope's Scales^
201, East Bay Street, (Sign of the Whale,)
" ...... Charlestonl-S. C.
March 27, 1873 6* 3m
GErl. JV B. GORDON, President.' W.- C MORRIS, Secretary.
GEN. a/H. C0LQ?1T, Vice-PcsidcAt C .F. fflcZKi, Consulting Actuary.
Bn^isrqi-i office of'
ASSETS, January 1st., lsi% :Hn,24l,047 AO.
BLACK & WARING, J. A. HAMILTON,
General Agent. Agent at Orangeburg, 8. C.
MOSELEY & CROOK,
HAVING Formed a copartnership under t!ic Firm Name anu Myld a? above, wc would
respectfully call the attention of the public to the same. a
t. CJons)*ntl>* ?n Particular ntten
haud a full supply w L ex- tion ?iven to th?
of DRY GOODS, sFlF ^ large ' P<*^& ^ICE
Grooortcs.IInnl.vare A M O U T, A N D Cor". Poas, Ac.
k A LS, Caps, Boot* having BOUGHT Cull and examine
and and- Shoes, ln> OirR STOCK with this our woll - selected
ware,Crockerv,Sad- IDEA. we will n OTstock to bo sold at
dies Bridles'Tools, HI^^TE? ?WWS?
Garden Seeds, &c; O IT R GO?) OS AT will give satisfaction
all very cheap. low pricks AT AND INDUCE
Come and: see us e. ezekiel's YOU TO call
once and you wilt ?D AGAIN,
calll again. OP PO
come and see s,aa^ comic axd' si:y,
. W. MOSELEY. THE POST OFFICE. W,K. CROOK..
Feb. 13, 1873' 52 ly
The Citizens' Savings Bank
Of SOTJXE? OA.ROluti*A.
Will pay 7 PER CENT INTEREST on SPECIAL DEPOSITS and 6 PER CENTenSAV
INGS DEPOSITS compounded Semi-annually.
Local Finance Committee.
Hon. THOS. W. GLOVER.
Col. PAUL S. FELDER.
Capt. JOHN A. HAMILTON.
JAS. H, FOWLER,
mch 19-ly Assistant Cashier.
BULL, SCOVILL & PIKE
EAPIDLY HFDTJCINGr their LARGE
INDUCEMENTS ARE OFFERED. GOOD STYLES AND DESIRABLE
GOODS ARE ALWAYS FOUND AT
BULL, SCOVIUL, & PIKE'S,
Who aro agents for First class
LIFE AND FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
Also Agents for frhe IMPROVED WINSHIP COTTON GIN, under t*t, th*
ginned 150 lbs. seed cotton to each saw in ? hours and 60 minutes, lhua a flf/
Saw Gin can turn out about 6 bales, 400 lbs. each, in about 9 hours, if run fct ft
high rate of speed. Purchase tbe Winship Gin. . ^T..?
b 1 BULL, SCOVILL & PIKE, Agen