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$2 PER ANNUM, J> "On we move uromsoiAJBi/r fibm; Qop iuD nature bid the'bame." ' '? v.. . ^ ADVAlS<s?r
? ? ? ? ~ ' t ' . ?? ? ' 1 ? , ?.,
Vol. IT. ORANGEBURG, SOUTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, MAt 29, 1873. *. Z No* &8i
TUE ORANGEBURG TIMES
Is published every
T H ?RSD A Y,
foil A NGEBURG, C. H., SOUTH CAROLINA
ORANGEBURG TIMES COUP ANY.
kirk Robinson, Agt.
? RATES ?F ADVERTISING.
83 001125 00
$2 a year, in adviuicc?$1 for b'ix months.
JOB PRINTING in its all depat tin cuts
neatly executed. Give us a call.
I>, R. JAMISON,
ATTORNEY AT LA^r
WILL PRACTICE IX THE COURTS OF OR
? ANOEBURO AND BARNWELL.
Office in Court House Square, ?jg5ifi"
Feh. 20, 1873 1 4t'
dibect importers of
HARDWARE, CUTLERY, GUNS
AND AGRICULTURAL IMPLE
No. 62, East Bayv. South of C c old Pout
Office, Charlertqn J37 C. ^ V
l .cottbu ,|n three minutes and fbrty
_ seconds, tftj^ifig th'ft premium, nnd also the
prize of One Hundred Dollars offered by fbe J
hoard of Trade for the heat GIN. Several f
have been Bohl-this season which gin a hale an
hour. The same ein also took the premium at
the Cotton States l*air at Augusta, last October.
Feb. 13, 1873 51 ly
W- J. DeTreville,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
?ffice at Court House Square,
Orangeburg, S. C.
FERSNER & DANTZLER,
D E K' T I S T 8
Orangeburg, S. 0,,
Office over MeMnster's Brick Store.
F. Fersnek. P. A. Daktzler, I). D. S
ch 12-3 in os
B^oks, Music and Stationery, and Fancy
A T THE ENGINE HOUS?,
ORANGEBURG, C. H., S. C.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Orangeburg, S. C.
a8. P, Izi.au. S. Dibble.
DR. T. BERWICK LEG ARE.
rjraduate, Baltimore College Dental
Ofrce, Market street, Over Store o/J.A. Hamilton
THE HOME SHUTTLE
TCJ BEST, Because it is perfect in ita work
?" Because it has the endorsement of so
many ladies who use it; because it is Bimple,
and because it can ho bought complete on tablo
for only $?7,00.
JOHN A. HAMILTON.
Agent for H. S. S. Mnchlno.
march 6, 1873 3 tf
SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
Charleston, S. C, May* 19,1872.
On and after SUNDAY, May 19, the
passenger trains on the South Carolina
Railroad will run us follows ;
Leave Charleston - 9:30 a mi
Arrive at Augusta - - 5:20 p m
Leave Charleston - 9:30 a m
Arrive at Columbia, - 5:20 p m
Leave Augusta ? - 9:00 a mi
Arrive at Charleston - 4:45 p m
LefWe Columbia - 9:00 a m
Arrive at Charleston - 4:45 p m
augusta night express.
Leave Charleston - 8:30 p m
Arrive at Augusta" - - 7:35 a m
Leave Augusta - - 6:15. p m
Arrive at Charleston" - " 6:50 a m
columbia night exprfss'
Leave Charleston - 7:30 p iu
Arrive at Columbia - 6:30 a m
Leave Columbia - - 7:30 pm
Arrive at Charleston - 6:45 a m
sum m erville train.
Leflve Summerville - 7:25 a m
Arrive .at Charleston - 8:40 a m
Leave Charleston - 3:35 p m
Arrive at Summerville at - 4.50 p m
Leave Camdcn - - 7,20 a m
Arrive at Culumbia - 11.55 a m
Ltfnve Columbia * - - 2.10 p m
Arrive at Camdcn ^ - 6.55 pm
. Day and Night Trains connect at Au
gusta with Macon and Augusta Railroad
and Georgia Railroads. This is the
quickest aud most direct roule, and as
comfortable and cheap as any other route
to Louisville, Cincinnati, Chicago, St.
Louis and all other points West and
Columbia Night Trains connect with
Greenville and Columbia Railroad, nnr
Greenville and Columbia Railroad, and
Day *wi NightrJDran?^oonrtoot syfcbCharl
lotto Road. TTT^T*"* '
l v Through Tickets on sale, via this route
to all points North".
Camdcn Train connects at Kingville
daily (except Sundnye) with Day Passen
ger Train, and runs through to Columbia
? A. L. TYLER, Vice-President.
S. ?.' Pickelis General Ticket Agent.
Geo. S. Hacker
Doors Sasli$ Blind
r* HLSlSSAS LARGE AND COMPLETE,
a factory as there is in the South. All work
manufactured at the Factory in this city. The
only house owned and managed by a Carolin
an in this citv. Send for price list. Address
* GEO. 8. II ACKER,
PoBtoflice Box 170, Charleston, S. C.
Fa'ctory and VVareroomson Kin^r ctrcct oppo
site Cannon street, on line of City Railway,
Oct. 30* ly
DfrST SALT SIDES at
Another supply of that Cheap Tobacco,
For snle bv
JOHN A. HAMILTON,
Loanaiid Trust Company
CHARLESTON. S. C.
Officf, No. 17 Bkoad St be et.
The deposits in the savings Department of
this Company are invested aa a Special Trust,
and. thcreforo aro not tmhject to the hazards of
In addition '.o this special security, deposi
tors have the guaiantcc of the entire Bank Cap
ital, which amounts to 4hrce hundred thousand
This department will enable all classes to
find a safe security for their savings, however
small; and at the same time hearing a remu
nerative interest (six per cent, compounded
quarterly.) Currency can bo remitted by Ex
press, and draft.; by mail.
F. A. MITCIIEL, Cashier.
Directors and Ti-ustees:
Geo. S. Cameron. E. H. Frost. \V. C Bee,
W. B. Williams, H. II. DeLeon, B. O'Nail, A
P. Caldwcl. J. M. Shackelford, J. C H. Claus
sen, G. L. Buist, W. J. Middleton. A. J. Crews,
E. Wnltjen, C G. Memminger, Win. L. Webb,
J. T. Welsman, Geo. H. Walter, B. D. Lazarus,
april 23,1873 10 3m
^ [FBOM THE I.ONDON STANDARD.]
THE CHARACTER OF LEE.
AN ENGLISH ESTIMATE OF THE GREAT
A Peerless leader.
The most interesting, perhaps, of the
articles in an unusually lively number
of the Edinburg Review is one reviewing
what is, as yet, about the best Iiib of the
great Confederate commander, and the
best account of the war in Virginia, thut
has been published, and sketching the
later career and character of General
Lee. That career was, in a military
point of view, so glorious,'s? f?ll of bril
liant achievement aud of merit more solid
than striking, so grand a lesson in the
art of war and in the qualities of soldier
ship ; that character is, from every point
of view so admirable in its moral grand
eur, ics perfect simplicity, its close ap
proach to the highest ideal of the Chris
tian soldier and gentleman, that they
command au interest which does not fade
with the lading memory of the keen ex
citement aud often passionate sympathies
of ten years ago. In the story of the
Confederate war we read lessons of the
highest political moment pod of the pro
foundest military significance; in the j
character of the Virginian leader, wc
have a model of all that a hero of an en
lightened and Christian age should be,
than which no nobler example can
bo set before the youth entering on
the temptations of military life, or tho
trials nud perplexities of a great public
We have also au historical question of I
considerable importance practically solv-J
ed, for all those who are not too prcju- 1
diced to accept a solution which docs not
suit their forejudged conclusions, by,the
read the story of the secession movement
in the documents of the time without
seeing that though slavery was the open
sore that kept the passions of North and
South in constant irritation, and afforded
occasion for tho violent collisions of Kan
sas and Harper's Ferry, which precipita
ted the issue and made its decision by
any other arbitrations than that of the
sword impossible, it was not the issue it
self. Slavery had no place in the coun
sels which hurried State after State out
of the Union ; for slavery was the inter
est of the few, and it was by tho many
that secession was precipitated. The
Southern people resented Northern dicta
tion, Northern assertions of superiority,1
Northern pretensions to au exclusive
right in their territories, Northern inter
meddling, and Northern invasions, aal
the most furious of English dissenter?
would resent the interposition of the Ro
man Catholic Powers in the question of
Church Establishment in England.?
When tho seven Southern States had
withdrawn, the Border States/ which
were most deeply concerned in the North
ern attacks on Slavery, still clung to' the
Union ; Virginia, despite tho piratical
invusion of her territory and tho mid
night robbery nnd murder passionately
sanctioned by her New England sisters,
still refused to secede; and only when
the treacherous attempt of the Federal
Government to reinforco the fort it had
promised to evacuate, and surpriso Char
leston with an armed fleet, precipitated
the reluctant sections into war, and when
Mr. Lincoln forced upon her the choice
between fighting for Southern freedom
and State rights, or Northern ascendancy
and Federal despotism, did she throw ii.
her lot with the Confederates. Slavery
then was not her determining motives;
Slavery made no appearance in tho pri
vato letters of the men who, on*
after anothoi went with their States. i4.If
is a remarkablo fact, that while scores of
leading Northern men denounced the
war, not a singlo Southerner of higt
character, education and influence de
sorted tho cause of the South. They un
versally hold that their allegiance w
due to their native States; nnd on th
ground alone they threw up career, fo
tune, fame, and placed themselves at tl
diiposal of those who claimed their fen
ty. It is absurd to call such men rebels
they were loyalists to all that they ha
been taught to obey, to all the principa
recognized,-up to that moment, by three
Americans in four., To General Lee the
Federal Borvico ottered everything that
ambition could desire. He was its fore-,
most man, he was the favorite of General
Scott.; he might havo had the chief com
mand as ihe price of treason to Virginia.
HisyXeolings were divided; but as his
letter* now published show, he was con
vinced that nis duty was to Virginia,
anrLhe decided accordingly. With him
wenjfeBtonownll Jackson, the two John
sons, every Southern soldier in high or
lbwveommand. The causo so espoused,
nndjby such men, cannot have been what
English Jlaiuers and Radicals call it.
Good or bad in essence, it was so strong
in Apparent justice that not one man of
character and weight whose allegiance it
pn^fcndcd to claim declined to support
Its, failure had nothing to do with, its
nlhjgjKi demerits. The South was crush
ed Ivy weight, not broken by weakness.
TiV?? things determined the fate of the
warr-the closing of her ports, the supe
rior wealth, and far above nil, the over
whelming numbers of the enemy. The
N^orth was a corn-growing and a mauu
fu^tupng country, and had open to her
tue markets of Europe ; she bad unlim
ited command of all the resources of tho
c vilized world. -The South was subject
to tHo disadvantages both ofau agricul
tural and of a non-ngriculturnLcountry.
She had no manufactures, and yet she
lived by manufactures and not by agii
'oultjir?; by producing clothing,- not by
.noducing food. t Her wealth was at
? nice annihilated by tho blockade, which
prevented her from selling her cotton,
and tobacco and sugar; her supplies
?wero.cut off, and she had a bare sufiicien
Cy/of food, and a total want of every
her necessary of life and war. She ob
tained powder and aims from the enemy;
?hopts and clothes and blankets nhc had :
tier finances broke down at
vw, iu, horcxpvrfcf vrora her wealth,
and exports had ceased, But, above all,
she was crushed by numbers; the North
could recruit at home four men for one,
and could hire the off scourings of Eu
rope. And it was this alone that decided
tho issue. The Edinburg Rovicwer adds
the want of discipline: but we believe
that in the essentials of military discip
line the Southerners were always superior
to tneir foes, nnd that if tho troops of
Grant and McClcllan had been tried as
Lee's were tried, they would have melted
like snow or died like rotten sheep. Lee
won almost every battle he fought, and
against odds of from two to four to one.
What destroyed him was Grant's cold,
cruel policy?which only a Yankee, a
Napoleon, or a Prussian could have de
liberately adopted?of sacrificing men
without stint, whom he Could replace, to
wear out an, enemy who could not recruit.
Under different circumstances such a
process might last longer. But a general
who can afford to sacrifice three men to
kill one must always end by leaving his
enemy without soldiers; and ?herefore
greatly Superior numbers, thus used, must,
prevail in the long run. It is no longer
possible in wars between civilized nations
for prowess to prevail against numerical
odds of great weight. And this terrible
lesson a State like England would do
well to lay to heart. This, and this
alone, was the cause of the full of the
Confederacy ; this is the dark and pain
ful mornl of the Virginian compaign.
Against everything but sheer "attrition"
Lee was victorious.
Great as he was in war?and surely
no captain of any age ever accomplished
greater things against an enemy of the
8amo rnce, better armed, better provided,
and outnumbering him by two or three
to oue on every battle-field?GencrnlLee
sltono greater still in disaster, defeat and
ruin. The retreat from Richmond was
a masterpiece of moral power and soldier
ly skill; the surrender was olevatcd by
its circumstances nnd its spirit into one
of the grandest and most pathetic scenes
in history. Lee was surrounded by ton
fold numbers ; all was lost; but his men
wero staunch to the last, and the tempta
tion "to rido along the lines nnd give the
word and end it all" was strong indeed.
He conquered it; ho "did his best" for
tho men who had loved and trusted him
eo long, and ho and his soldiers wont
back to their dcfolato homes, the ruined
citizens of a ruined and enslaved country.
... -n .11?j7-f?. ,-. . j. : iT"7.'
(How cruelly they were wrongea~|io.w
shamefully every pledge .given at every
stage of the ..war, on, which virtually the
Confederates had surrendered,' has. been'
violated?our readers know. ' The Re
publican party 'clamored.,(far. ? violation
of the military capitulations?for the
blood of the general who had spared in
war to punish, murder by reprisals and
devastation by requisitions. General
Grant?it is his one title to honor?put
down this demands/with ,f4 high hand.
But he allowed tlie Southern people to
bo wronged,-oppressed, insulted, pillaged
by negro voters and Northern adventu
rers, as never nation was oppressed and
pillaged before. Perhacs till he became
President he had little power to prevent
'it j at all events he did not^fry. Lee
saw all this,?n? yet, with a oreaking
heart, he exerted himself, to keep his
people quiet. He had lost fortune and
home in the war, by pillage and wanton
destruction ; he was proscribed; he de
clined to draw vengeance on his State by
taking open part in her politics;' the com*
man-in-chief of a national army conde
scended to the control of a military
school, and to a life of silence and .ob
scurity* But all Southern eyes wore
fixed on him, and bis influence was used
to hep them calm and patient, and to
re-attach them to the Union which had
conquered and .was crushing them.?
Even while their wrongs and miseries
were wearing ont lri9 life ho checked
every utterance of resentment, every ex
pressession of hope lor a future deliver
ance, "We are all Araericnns now."?
He would allow no toast to the Lost
Cause; no honors to the Fallen Bantfer.
.He boro his burden with simple, unaffec
ted, patient hero?t?'. Qther men may
have approftched him in wa? ariST-to, \
nchievment; nonfe^ capable of deeds like
his ever rival lea him in eftd?fance and
submfssWn under- hopeless" tfefea't. A
Cato woiild have fallen on his sword ; a
f>rutua might lmvo conspired ; a Hanni
al cndureoHSnTy in the hope of revenge
and retrieval. But General Lee not.
.only endured, but submitted,' and tntft
without suffering his country to entertain
even the wish to renew the struggle'. He
had to endure for some weary years, and
then the release came. The overwrought
nerves suddenly gave way ; lie sank at
once from perfect self-possion and appa
rent health into collapse aud speechless
ness, and died as literally "of a broken
heart" as ever did desp^irTrig. pstflot or,(
defeated soldier?more truly far than
moat "broken hearted." victims of private
grief. So ho passed away from the coun
try he coold neither save by his swp.rd
nor restore to happiness, by his counsels,
but which he had crowned with glory in
war, and rescued in defeat from useless
struggles and deeper misery. He has
left behind him no rival in her love, no
object of equal pride and reveren'efe.. Nor
is his fame confined t,o the South. Wher
ever the English tongue is spoken Iiis
h?mo is revered and honored?a name
to which history furnishes few equal in
military renown, none in moral grandeur,
the name of one who realized in actual
life tho dreams of ideal chivalry; so
crcat in victory that none evor surpas
sed, se much greater in defeat' that none
ever npprcacbed him ; the. patriot without
a thought of self, the hero without a
shade of affectation or display ; tho man
who would neither despair of his country
I nor conspire again?t her conquerors;
ideal soldier and perfect citizen, a Chris
tian without pretension, and a gentleman
? ^ -
?Minister Sicklos has been Using his
official influcftce \ti forwarding the inter
est of foreign holders of "Erie" Stock.
The fact is denounced in strong terms by
tho legislative committee of tho company,
who think that tho plenipotentiary
shouhl bo looking after the business for
which he is paid aud not be dabbling in
?Hurrah tor Anderson 1 A national
bank, eight doctors, cloven lawyers, two
newspapers, (good ones, too,) a high
school, six churches, and no [bar-room.
?Tho vomit a is on tho increase at
?Brigadier General Pierson, formerly
of tho C. 8. A. died recently at Mem
' ?Govornor Baxtor of Arkansas, re
trains right and day at- the capital, ijL'M
irittlo &ock, with a force ^niearS^jsjj^
tecf . himr tagatos,t Lieutenant Ctoiaaofc
Smith's friends, who desire to ous$ Sflk
I tor and install Smith. Radical rule d#
?A New York cotton nouso nasftflirf
for$250,000. . . ?
. -?rhe seconds in the duel betwopi ?
Messrs. McCarty and Mordccai, have ?11
been arrested,,. und>r,..na .jndictmttft ^jf
being accessory to Mordecai's deatfi/1' I
?Fi fejndians attacked the house 0?
James Harrison, near TTall^ Walla.??
LMr. Harrison and his daughter were
alone. He met the redskins with a:
hatchet and cut down two, be was thwt .
thrown to the floor, when his daughter
came to the ruse.ue with an axo and end4
ed the fray, by putting them to flight '
?A case involving nearly a million of
dollars, has just been decided in thelfow' *
York Courts,, aft^ a fight of thirty jeered
The fees $165,000 earned by the able
counsel who won the suit,, were paid iff ?
?U$nfy J. J. King.
??A Charlestonian, Melvin M. Cobety
Esq., has been arrested in New Orleans,
on the charge of attempting to kill Gov*
Kellogg. Mr.- Cohen is a son of Dr.* ft
?the popular, jdea tn'aVt St Michael's'
? steeple in Charleston, was designed byy
Sir Christopher Wren, is being dispelled
by the difficulty of not finding that mas',
terpiece of architecture noted in! Ma'
works. 'Whoever Oonceivect the gjWee
ful outlines ?f the steeple, gave to Char*
leston a gem of art
?SeVetf p^pfls k?ff &f ir?al on
the charge of murder, at the Inferior
Court, of Charleston. All are colored,
^-^?fne", - i^te Km?mm ^^jtyH deepen
wtfh^horror. Nine victims nave 1*d??
already dug up, every skull wtffl crushed
with a hnminer it y??u1cT seem'; and every
throat out. One little girl was found as
u 3ho had bean buried alive; T^felyn .
suspected 'poisons hare-'-been* ?iwtt?t^-w.
Tho plan of the '|Bend'ef family" was to
pit their victim in a cn?'if over a trap
door with his back to & cloth curtain
that divided the apartment The out?
line of the body being shadowed on the
cloth', showed the ?mtkk?m where to
strike. The fatal blow once made the
body fell through the trap, and the wo
men finished the job of cutting the throat
and rifting the corpse.
?A son of Dr. Thomas, the peace
commissionef ti$jo ftas murdered by At
Mod?cs/t?yfi/'mt the poor Modeca, but
the rapacious, lawless, perfidious white?
are guilty of his blood." So soy we; the
peace p1 i>Rey of the government to the
In dfan made him what he is.
?The King of Ashantee has declared
war against Great Brittain. A whole
sale mode of lessening a population.
?General John C. Brcckinridge will
deliver an address at Richmond, during
the next State Fair, before the Survivors
of the army of Northern Virginia.
..?Another attempt to discover the
North West passage through the ice
bound polar regions has failed.
?The noble leader, General Gordon,
meets a glorious reception everywhere in
I his travels through the South, to present
the claims ot the "Southern Life Associa
tion." His unblemished reputation as &
soldier, and high character has fixed him
gratefully in a peoples' heart
?Mr. E. G. Kramer, formerly of
Orangeburg, is advertising' heavily in
the "Carroll County Times."
?Susan Eberhardt convicted of mur
der was hung at Preston Ga. This fe
the first female ever hUng in Georgia.
?Tho Berlin University has two thou
sand students. .
?The B rower gold mine bordering on
North Carolina lately sent seven pounds
of gold to the Charlotte mint
?A German named Schober in a $1
of jealousy, cut the throat of the husband
of a young lady who had refused him
and then murdered her. The German
authorities compelled him to attewLtho
funeral of his victims, wearing upon beck
a placard "Infamous Murdeser." He
walked in a dress of white, and wore
chains on his limbs. He wee then cas?
riedtohis place of execution, and*a*
midnight in the presence of a large cromd
his head ?ras cut off.