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J? O J'i.TJl Y.
[ffroro the "Port Foih" of 1812.
'Tis not tho auburn of hair,
That play in ringlets round the fain
'Tie not her cheeks o'erspread with smiles;
'Tia not her voico which care beguijes;
'Tie not her lips with roses drcss'd,
"Whore vagrant hces would fondly rest:
. 'TJb not her blue eyes' thrilling glance;
'Tis not her feet that thrid the dance,
'Tis not the graco with which they move,
That warms my heart with ardent love.
But 'tis her finely polish'd mind,
.By yirtuo's.ravcst rules refined;
Like iTcsper a},"the eve of day,
"VVhon Sol emits his latest ray. ;
Modest and meek, without pretence
To other charms than charms of Bcnse?
To charniB which shine when Beauty fades,
And wrinkled Age the form invades?
To these a" lovely maid oBpires,
And these awake my bosom's fires; ?
For they can warm my throbbing heart,
Without tho aid of Fancy's art.
"When Time uplifts his palsying hand;
And strikes the visage with his wand;
"When checks no more with nrdourglow,
Aud silverM curls resemble snow;
When eyes have lost their humid blue,
And lips have changed their roseate hue;
Ah I then how weak is Beauty's dower,
To charm the slowly passing hour 1
"Agriculture is (he General Pursuit of Man; it
is the Basis of all others, and there
fore, the most Uscfid and
. MOON'S PHASES.
9 h, 10 m,
8 h, 33 m.
11 h, 22 m.
8 h, 11 m.
.i ?? v \> . u fit J-j.
.First Q'tr. |l0 h, 21
1st. I Morning,
Sun Rises, i Sun Sets.
Wedncsdav. I 5.23.
Thursday, ' 5.24.
TriE Agricultural Society Pic
Nic.?"We fell that wo cannoVMevoto a
portion of our Agricultural columns to
day to a belter purpose,*than in urging
each and every member of the County
Society to attend the pic-nio on Satur
day next, the 9th inst. Every member
of tjxe Society is expected to attend, ac
companied by his family (and bnskots.)
and such friends as ho may desiro to in- j
vite, A great attraction, in addition to
tho pic-nic itself, will bo offered by the j
ceremony of laying the Corner Stone of
tho New Fair Building. This will be
done b}T the Masons of Orangeburg, as
sisted by delegates from all the Lodges
in tho County. An address, appropri
ate to the occasion, will be delivered by
tiie Hon. Thos. W. Glover, than whom
no one is more fitted" to do justico to tho
occasion, or capable of comparing the
past and present of Orangeburg.
We learn that a Parlor Organ will bo
taken to the grounds, to assist a choir of
male voices in rendering several Mason
We think we have written enough to
make it apparent that tho occasion will
be ouo of great interesf.. Let the crowd
be a great one, too 1
Essay Read Before the Co.nty Ag
Gentlemen of the Oruugcburg Agricnltural So
The subject, which wo, at present, have
under consideration, is one of vast im
portance, in an economical point of view,
to our community ;? and especially is it
so to our farming interest: The ques
tion of raifing money from cotton with
which to procure our bacon, when bacon
can bo almost as easily produced here,
has been proved to he ruinous in the ex
treme, and.is the rack upon which (if
you will allow the expression) many a
2>roud Agricultural ship has eplit and
gone to the bottom. Tho maxim that
"diversified industry is a nation's pros
perity," never was more fully exempli
fied than among ourselves. While the
South hns occupied itself with only one
commercial production, the people havo
become impoverished; tho soil worn out
and the produced staple, from redun
dancy in the markets, so depreciated in
value that a bare support, and sometimes
not even that can bo obtained. The
question then arises: what are, we as a
people, bp do? How are we to build our
selves up? Certainly not by the same
downward course; but by changing our
programme, and diversifying our pur^,
Huils--but by these I do not mean that
we should be "Jack of all Trades," Iry
ing to do everything and accomplishing
nothing. By no meana; my idea is let
bno raise cotton and small-grain, ano?ier
corn and bacon, a third small grain and
neat cattle, by this method an inter
trado would spring up among ourselves
by which the entire community would be
bencfitted. But to the present question:
"Tho best Hog"?I do not know that I
can say anything upon tho subject, with
which some of youy at least, are not al
ready better acquainted. -However, I
will state my views, and if any present
can present a better breed, or a better
plan of treatment, I certainly shall go
o.way ^better informed, and, consequently,
bettor armed againt the evils to which
hog raising is subject.
I have experimented with the Essex;
the Chester Whiite, Irish Grazer, Berk
shire, and the common Pine Woods Hog)
and among them all I find that a certain*
quantity of Indian Corn every evening
in winter and Spring, and alternate
evenings in summer is requisite to keep
them on their feet. I find also that color
has a great deal to do with hogs in this
climato; it would Seem that a white hog
would thrive better here in the summer
than a black one, as white reflects the
sun's heat, while blaok absorbs it, but
such is not the case. Whether tho white
hog reflects heat, or the black absorbs it
I am unable to say, but this I do know.
that a white hog is more subject to dis
eases of the skin, whilo the black is al
most entirely exempt. I have seen a
hog with a black ear and a white ear,
and while tho black ear was'entirely
exempt from disease of any kind, the
white car was covered with mange;
therefore, as to color, I prefer a black
hog. For hardiness, I prefer the Irish
Grazier; it being mostly a black hog,
combines two good qualities. For
plumpness and smallness of bone, I prefer
the Berkshire. A cross between the two
I thiok, gives us the best hog which the
South lias reared. Hogs require food
food and care. They should be sheltered
in winter, fresh litter given them often,
and the old one removed to prevent ver
min. They should bo managed so as to
pig in tho latter part of summer, or tho
Iiist of autumn; those dropped in the
spring are very hard to raise. But, gen
tlemen, without attention the best breed
of hogs aro utterly worthless. I believe
in a man making a specialty of his busi
ness, no matter what it is; he will there
by become, an adopt in it, and tho more
he learns of it, and tho inoro attention he
pays to it, tho better it will pay him.?
There are not in the whole range of pur
suits which farming includes, or of which
it consists, specialities more widely dis
similar than the production of cotton and
meat. They are as far assunder as the
Poles. Neither is dependent'upon the
other; and it would bo almost forcing
nature to mako them so?by which I
mean purchasing food for tho hogs by
the salo of tho cotton produced. This is
tho reason why wo have generally failed
in raising hogs. Cotton takes up all our
attention for nine mouths in the year.
The same is the case with the hog; one
or tho other must suffer, and that ouo
generally is the bog. It takes corn to
make hogs, no matter what tho bread
may be; and he who expects to raise his
meat without expenditure in food will be
most sadly disnppaoinW|J. livery thing
in naturo from which man may extract
wealth or even competency, requires a
To get more done, we must pay our
laborers. To produce good crops we
must fcriilize tlm soil and keep it in good
tilth ; and to produce good animals wo
must feed liberally. :
"The life of tho flesh is tho blood,"
and the constituent of tho blood is in tho
food. I vorily believe that if wo paid
half the attention to swine and corn that
we do to cotton, bacon would be as plen
il'ul here as in almost any other part of
the globe, and until wc do this our noses
will remain to the grindstone of northern
prosperity, and our own poverty.
Near Shilob, S. C.
AT THE LAST MEETING of tho Orange
burg Agricultural Society a resolution
was adopted to haue a Basket Pic-Nic at its
next meeting, on the Oth of August. Members
of the Society are requested by the resolution to
bring their families and invite a few of their
The plac.o selected by tho Committee of Ar
rangements is in the grove near Mr. John C.
Howes' residence on the road from Orangeburg
to Branchville. The Pic-Nic will tako place
immediately after the ceremonies are concluded
of laying the corner stone of the Pair Building.
By order of the committee of Arrangements.
july 31 1
MOSELEY & CROOK,
I)AYS THE HIGHEST CASH PRICES for
Sells Lani>kethS TunNir Seed of 1873.
July 10, 1873 * 21' 8f
F. H. W. BRIGGMANN *
HAS just received a full supply of NEW SPRING GOODS, and
CONSTANTLY ON HAND a full line of Dry OoodS of all kinds, He offers
EVERYTHING f ;??
Needed by everybody, at low rales, consisting of BOOTS AND SHOES, GROCERIES,
HARDWARE, HATS, &c, &c. ALSO,
FOR SALE, * v
The BUTTON-HOLE SEWING MACHINE, (which took first Premium at last County
Fair,) for wludi ho 1b Agent. *? $
Call and see for Yourselves.
ALSO AGENT FOR THE
A. Portable FUMl* and 8PEINKLEE. ,
April 10, 1873 . 8 tf
IN MEDICINES QUALITY IS OF THE FIRST IMPORTANCE.
E. j. OLTTEROS, M. D,
Dealer in Drugs, Medicines, IPaints, Oils, "Var
nish, iN" on -Explosiv e Lamps, Grarden
Seeds, <fcc. &c. &o.
PRESCIPTIONS prepared witli accuracy and fidelity, for which purpose .a full and com
plete assortment of PURE CHEMICALS and GENUINE DRUGS will be constantly
on hand. '
LONG Experience^?a successful business carcoi of more than eight years in Orangeburg,
and a good knowledge of the DRUG MARKET, at Home and Abroad, will afford
sufficient guarantee that all goods sold or dispensed at my Establishment will be GENU
INE nnd RELIABLE.
ArPKEciATiNO.the* success which, in- the past, bra attended my efforts, I havo deter
mined to spare no pains to merit a continuance of the patronage eo liberally bestowed.
E. J. OLIVEROS,
No. 100, Russell Street,
Orangeburg G. H., 8. C.
Feb. 27, 1873, 2 ly
DR. A. C. DUKES,
- v . Dealer in ?
Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, fine Toilet Soaps,
FANCY HAIR AND TOOTH BRUSHES.
PERFUMERY AND FANCY
TRUSSES -A-TSTD shoulder bra.ge
GRASS AND GARDEN SEEDS, PURE WINES AND LIQTJ
FOR MEDICINAL PURPOSES, PAINTS, OILS, VAR
NISHES AND DYE STUFFS, LETTER-PAPER,
PENS. INK, ENVELOPES, GLASS, '
* OIL LAMPS, &c, <fee,
SST Physicians Proscriptions accurately compounded. -?a
J. W. Patrick & Co.,'
(syccEgsoRa to t. o. vince.)
RESPECTFULLY call the attention of the
Pnblic to tho new addition of SPRING
GOODS jnst received and for sale at EXCEED
INGLY LOW PRICES. Our" stock consists in
Lcnos, Japanese, Grenadirzs, Oil Colored Per
cales, Polka Dots, Laims, Crochet Nail
sooks, Plain and Cheek Cambric
"White and folored Organ
? dies, "White and Col
"White and Colored Pique, Notions, Para
sols, &c, Latest Styles Spring Cloth
ing nnd GENT'S FURNISH
"We have brought to this market the f elo
brated Star Shirt which we guarantee to fi
nnd wear better than any other kind. Meas
ures taken and mado to order.
Having for a long time seen the necessity of
intreducing a first class Boot and. Shoe in this
market, will make this Department a specialty,
where can bo found any kind of Boot and Shoe
desired from the nicest Philadelphia band
mado to the more common grades. Call and
inspect our stock before you purchase and see if
we can please you.
J. W\ PATRICK & CO.
March 20, 1873 5 ly
The Citizens' Savings Bank
OF south C^ftOLI?STA.
Will nay 7 PER CENT INTEREST on SPECIAL DEPOSITS and 6 PER CENT on SA\
*GS DEPOSITS compounded Semi-annually.
Xiocal Finance Committee.
Hon. THOS. W. GLOVER.
Col. PAUL S. FELDER.
Capt JOHN A. HAMILTON..
JAS. H, FOWLES,
mch 19-iy - I ' Assistant Cashier.
LIFE INSURANCE AGENCY!
Insuro your lifo in tho *
PIEDMONT AND ARLINGTON LIFE INSURANCE 00.
This is tho largest and most prosperous of tho Southern companies.
JAS. H." FOWLES Agent, nt Citiien's Savings Bank.
GEN. J. B. GORDON, President.
GEN. A. H. C0LQU1T, Vice-Pendent
W. C M0URIS, Secretary.
C. F. McCAY, Consulting Actuary.
BRA-jSTCH office of
ASSETS, January 1st., 1879, $1,341*,947 40.
BLACK & WARING,
J. A. HAMILTON,
Agent at Orangeburg, 8. C.
ELL & CO.,
(Post Office Box 197.)
DOOR, BASH and BLIND Faotoby?MOULDING and PI^AljifJJlG MILtfr
Manufacturers of Building material Generally,
DRESSED FLOORING, CEILING and WEATHER BOARDS, MOULDING ?OR i
BUTLDENG PURPOSES IN GREAT VARIETY. NEWELS, BAND-- I
RAILS AND BALLUSTERS, WOOD-TURNING and '
SCROLL - SAWING.
f^i OOD and Substantial Work made aa cheap at this establishment as can be made in the Unl*
\X ted States. We have on hand the largest Block of the above, South of tho city of Baltimore!
all of which, we guarantee will give entire satisfactior, to all who -want gcod and substantial
The subscribers are the only practical mechanics?Sash, Blind and Door makers-?by trade,
carrying on tbe business in the.city of Charleston, and can refer to gentlemen all over thu State,
Georgia. North Carolina^and Florida, aa to the character of their work for the past twenty yean.
NOTICE.?On account of the manner in which we box up our work, and our assumption ?(
the risk of breakage of Glass with ordinary handling, our goods are shipped over the roads bt
this State at HALF RATE8, which is a great saving to the purchaser of onr work.
TrCJKfA W.VPt RUSSELL SL CO., Charleston, S.C.
HENRY G. BETSHjL, (at Bioos' Carriage Shop,) Orangeburg, 8. C.
June 1873 17 . \ . 6m
*% PERSONS WISHING ANYTHING
our Stock and Prices
Before buying. .
Wo do not advertise
But fell confidentthat money
Can bo SAVED
by buying from
yosa & xzxiAr.
?SF" Grist and Meal at MUl Prices.
B&' Good! Delivered, -?a
October 2,1872, 4
GEORGE H CORNELSON
WOULD RESPECTFULLY INFORM MY FRIENDS AND THE
Public in general that L ara receiving and have ready for their in
spection now, tho MOST ATTRACTIVE, LARGEST and
? BEST ASSORTED Stock of SPRING GOODS
i,ever offcrgd in this market. Any one
who will take tho- trouble will
readily convince him- ?.
self of tliis
As space will not permit me to enumerate aU tho different
branches, I can only state that all are fully rcplen
ished, and I invite every one to call in
and examine for himself. Goods
shown freely and with
GEO. H. tfORNEL.SOtf.
May 7th, 1873, 12 ly
The undersigned having formed a co-partnership under the namo of FOWLES*<fc
GLJJVER,, ofler their services to tho_comniunity, as Ajjcntsjor theSale or purchase
Instate, and' for collection of Rents, &c
jaw Oflicc of Glover & Glover.
We offer for sale:
JAS. H. FOWLE8,
At Citizens' Savings Bank.
A new and beautiful residence In Or
angeburg, on East sido of Railroad, with
fine outbuildings, garden, &c.
ONE Plantation of Five Hundred
Acres, on Santeo River.
A plantation near Fort Motte, 500 acres,
with dwelling and nuthouses in good con
dition?water power on the place.
ALSO, a*, a Bargain, 340 acre$ (150
cleared) within I mile of Rowe's Bridge p
11 miles from Rowe's Pump Depot
ONE Building Lot in the town or
Lot belonging to Presbyterian Church
on Amelia, (New) Street?? deebrabh?
on tiding site. \
FIRE INSURANCE ^AGEXCY?
Insure your Dwelling, Store or Stock of Goods in the
LIVERPOOL/LONDON AND GLOBE INSURANCE. CO
Capital, #20,500,000 in Gold. ^
DBA I.KB IN
Bjoks, Music and.Stationery, and Fancy
AT THE ENGINE HOUSE, i
QRANGEBURG, C. H., 8. C.
QFFICE OF SOUTHERN EXPRESS CO?
Freights intendea for the 8:30 Down Train
mual bo left at the office of the Agent the day .
before, oa may bo brought to. the topiin on the
morning of leaving, where they will be ro^
eeived. Other freight reeeited as, us?k
JOHN, A. HAMILTON.
Agt. 8. Ex. Co.
July 10,1?73 9 ? tf