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? Sunshine and shadow, and shadow and sunshine^
Creep thro' the branches of bright' leafy
Of holly and poplar, of laurel and linden,
Flecking them all with a silvery sheen;
-Making tho sunshine more - bright for the I
Tho shadow a background that brings out tho
?f As troubles and Borrows in life's checker'd path
Reveal the raro virtues loug hidden from
'-'Sunshine andshadow, and shadow and
How closely tliey are woven into each life?
The woof of the one, tho warp of tho other??
;..-f'Xhe web like a filling of peace, caro aiid j
A lesson we glean from this loom of our
Tho wisest, the simplest .may learn if they
A plant that has only the sun and no shadow,
Is never perfected, but soon growcth ill.
Sunshine and shadow, and Bhadow and
Wo dreamily watch them for day after day;
Laughing in stuiHhine, and drooping in Bhadow
Forget that we, too, are drifting away; '
Away in a barque that is tossed on the billows,
Where wild breaker*, quicksands, and shoals
And oft losing sight of the land altogether,
As well as the light which ahead oft is seen.
Sunshine arid shadow, shadow and sunshine,
Thus do they come to us day after day;
? TJie one ever closely cornea after the other ;
The sun casts a shadow, tho turn where you
Just as the Father, who lovcth his children, .
Oft clouds life's path?but to win them away
From earth with its troubles, its trials, and
Into a perfect and infinite day .
"Agricidture is the General Pursuit of Man; it
is the Buiis.of nil others', and there
fore, the most Useful and
3 h, 50 m.
10 h, 21 m.
12 h, 32 in
im?. | i~ II, uA iu.|-ihi.
First Q'tr. |0 h; 37 ra. |28th
Sun Rises.,Sun Sets
12. Friday, 5.42.
13. Saturday, 6.53.
14. Sunday, 5.43.
15. ? Monday, 5.44.
16. Tucsdsv, 5.44.
17. Wednesday. I 6.45.
18. I Thursday, 1 5.40.
Mr. Editor :?With your permission
I will give you n little of my experience
in the management of my poultry, wheu
tho chicken cholera made its appearance
among them, about two years ago. Sev
eral of them took sick and in about
twenty-four hours, died. I believe it to
have been tho cholera certain, for my
poultry houso, in two or three days, be
came so offensive, that it became ncccs-.
sary to use charcoal and gypsum to de
stroy the effluvia, and to shut it up and
debar the poultry from roosting therein.
I gave them the following medicine:?
Salts, Sulphur and Cayenne Pepper, each
one tablu Bpoonful, mixed with two
quarts of scalded grist, and fed to about
ono hundred head, for four mornings,
then stopping three mornings and repeat
ing again,. ? The result was, not over
throe or four died after tho third morn
ing's dose, and in two weeks tho disease
had entirely disnppcard. About threo
weeka ago I noticed several of my poul
try looking sick, and in a very short time
they died. From observation I was sat
isfied the disease was different to that
two years before. I, however, resorted
to my former remedy, and with tho same
success, have lost but three since I used
the remedies. I usually continue using
tho medicine occasionally for threo or
four weeks after the disease disappears
I do not cluim for it infalibility ; but give
you the remedy, and my experience with
it for what it is worth. I have been
using for several years tho same remedy
?only reduced in quantity?for my
young SJ>?ing chicks. It keeps thorn
healthy, und causes them to grow rap
Yours, very respectfully,
-. mrq- ? i? -
I'Vom tic Rural Carolinian fnr September.
THOUGHTS FOR THE MONTH.
September is a busy month on the plantation.
Cotton picking in in full operation, and is the
mos?, important work of the month, where the
great staple is the principal crop. Let it be
pressed with aM your energy and force, so as to
gather the lint as last as the bolls open. You
lose both in quantity and quality by delay.?
The first pickings should ho well sunned. Do
not allow your band*; to pull off tho bolls in
picking, as they arc sometimes inclined to do ;
and avoid picking immediately after a shower.
In all case* where huge quantities are stored in
folk, Mtir the heap occasionally, and expose the
cotton to the air, to keep-from, heating. Keep
tlio different qualities- of cotton separate, bo as
to avoi*1 selling mixed cotton for the. p.rico of
the poorest portion of it. It is best, if practi
cable, to gin cottou as soon as dry, as it is fur
safer .in..bales than.' lying in bulk in the gin
We believe in the early eowing of fall oats,
but the exact time must depend upon the state
of the weather and the soil, and the exigencies
of the other plantation work, as well ob upon
the- degree of latitude; but in our own experi
ence, oats sown in September have generally
proved decidedly better than tho later sowing.
It is a mooted question how it is best to cover
oats, the goncral practice, however bebig to
plough them in. Running tho plough very
lightly, thbx docs tolerably weilj but a better
way, we think, is to cover with the harrow,
and then pass a roller over the field. Tho Red
Oat is the best kind to sow, as not liable to rust.
It ia known by its brownish red husk, and has
a thinner and more flexible but strong stem.
Tho Black Poland Ont is a very heavy and
very valuable kind, but not so safe from rust as
the Red. By tho middle of this month, or at
latest by the end oi tho month, rye for winter
grazing should bo sown ; also, barley for tho
same purpose. , Tho ground should be well en
riched, especially for the barley. Both should
be heavily seeded?rye two bushels to tho acre,
and Barley from three to four.
Sdme who are .Intending to sow clover and
grass will doubtless desire to sow them with
their small grains. This ia the practice at the
North,, and wo have been inclined to favor it,
but later experiments'force ub to tbe conclusion
that it is best, in our climate at lca3t, to sow
them by themselves, If sowed ns they should
l)o (unless a severe drought should prevail)
during the present month, they will, on suitn
blo soil, attain such a growth before the hot
weather of next season sets in as will ensure
them against injury, without the shade of the
grain; which will be injured by tho clover and
grass while injnring them in return. In any
case, tho land for clover and the grasses should
be rich rich, und thoroughly predated by deep,
closo ploughing, followed by harrowing, previ
ous to which a good drcsting of superphosphate
may bo applied with advantage. Brush lightly
to cover, and bp all means roll the geld with a
tolerably heavy roller. This last is an impor
tant and too generally neglected process. If
you aro to sow both clover and tho grasses, on
the same field, it is beat to sow the clover by
itself, as the seed does not mix well with the
grass seed. The various kinds of grass Bced
may be mixed, before Bowing.
Of lime on land to be sown with wheat,
oats, or clover and the grosses, is, in a majori
ty of cases, one of the most remunerative appli
cations that that can bo made, provided lime
cau.be procured at reasonably cheap rates. It
is not merely as plant-food that lime is useful.
It is still more important as a prcparer cf plant
food. Its reaction with the acids of the soil, its
strong action upon decaying vegetable matter,
and its faculty of converting clay into mud, and
rendering it mechanically fit for culture, arc
some of its more obvious uses, and, as a general
rule, it may bo assumed that the land which is
richest in vegetable substances will benefit most
by the free use of lime, and gravelly sand the
If a stand of turnips has not been obtained
from August sowings, sow again now. Thick
sowing pays, as the extra cost of seed is little
compared with tho best chances of a stand.?
Tbe fly will, very likely, take a" part, and you
must make allowances; besides, a thick stand
protect.* itself better against the hot nun. It
cannot be too often repeated, that we attach too
litllo importance here to the turnip crop. If
planted on thoroughly prepared and heavily
manured soil, no crop pays better.
And save carefully all forage crops, You
will not have too much, or, if you have any to
pparo, your neighbor will be glad to buy.?
Don't depend upon New York and Pennsyl
vania for forage. Northern hay will be high.
It is far better, when possible to da so, to
gather cow-peas than to turn in tho stock to
feed them on tho ground, as much is thus was
ted. When gathered , you can use them to tho
best advantage, and none are lost.
Must bu cut, ground, and the juice made into
syrup; and let it bo the best quality. Save
every blade and all the seed for feeding stock.
1jeusons wishing to compete for Premiums
. on field crops beforo the Orangeburg Agri
cultural and Mechanical Association will apply
to cither of tbe undersigned
JOHN L. MOORER,
j. g; wannamaker,
PAUL S. FELDER.
(wuig. 28, 1873 28 3t
the EXERCISES of this Academy will be
resumed on Monday. September 1st.
Hoys arc prepared for Collego or business,
and young ladies given a thorough course of
Tbe male and female departments are kept
strictly separate, except during tho recitation
of classes which are composed of both
Terms, (per month).
ENGLISH. 3 00
Wo tender our thanks for tbe liberal patron
age of the past and trust that we shall merit a
contimmnco of the same in tho future.
JA?fES s. hey ward,
STILES R- MELLICITAiliP,
F. II. W. BRIGGMANN
HAS just rccoived a full supply of NEW SPRING G?0D8, and
CONSTANTLY ON HAND a full lino of Dry GoodS :of? all kinds. ? Ho offers
Needed by everybody, nt low rates, consisting of BOOTS AND SHOES, GROCERIES,
HARDWARE, HATS, &c, Ac. ALSO,
The BUTTON-HOLE SEWING MACHINE, (which took first Premium al last OOUnty
Fair,) for which he is Agent.
Call and see for Yourselves.
ALSO AGENT FOR THE
a^liportable PTJMH? and SiPRINKiLER. ,
April 10, 1873 ? 6 If
IN MEDICINES QUALITY IS OF THE FIRST IMPORTANCE.
E. J. OLIVEROS, M, D,
Dealer in Drugs, M!edicines, I?aints, Oils5 "Vaf *
nisn, 1STon-Explosive Lamps, Garden
Seeds, <feo. &?; &c.
ERESOIPTIONS prepared witli accuracy and fidelity, for which purpose a full and com
plete assortment of PURE CHEMICALS and GENUINE DRUGS will be constairtly
LONG Experience?a successful business carcef of more than eight years in Omngcbtirg.
and a good knowledges of the DRUG MARKET, at Home and Abroad, will afford
a fiuflicient guarantee that nil goods sold or dispensed at my Establishment will be GENU
INE and RELIABLE.
Arrni-.-iATiNCi the success which, hi the past, has attended my efforts, I have deter
mined to spare no pains'to merit, a continuance of the patronage so liberally bestowed.
E. J. OLIVEROS,
No. 100, Russell Street,
Orangeburg C. H., S. C.
Fob. 27, 1873, 2 . ly
DR. A. 0. DUKES,
Drugs, Medicines, Chcnticals, fine Toilet Soaps,
FANCY HAIR. AND TOOTH BllTJSHES.
P UFUMllY AND FANCY
TRTTSSEfe AJNTD SHOULDER BRACES,
GRASS AND GARDEN SEEDS, PURE WINES AND LIQUORS,
? FOR MEDICINAL PURPOSES, PAINTS, OILS, VAR
NISHES AND DYE-STUFFS, LETTER-PAPER. ?
. PENS, INK, ENVELOPES, GLASS,
OIL LAMPS, &c., &c,
^" Physicians Prescriptions accurately compounded, "v^a
BARGAINS, IIA RE BARGAINS!
J. W. Patrick & Co., .
RESPECTFULLY CALL THE ATTENTION OF EYERY ONE DESI
rous of obtaiuiug
B ARG AI 1ST S ,
To the fact that they aro now offering, and will continue to do so for THITY
DAYS, their stock of
dey goods, odoti-idstg., *&c.
AT GREATLY reduced PRICES, IN order TO make ROOM for tiigir FALL
stock. wekeeptheCELEMATED STAR SHIRT.
Guaranteed to FIT and WEAR better than any other; Measures taken and made to order.
We expect to increase onr
And continue to mrko it a SPECIALTY, where can be found any and every VARIETY desira
ble, from tbo best hand MADE to the more common grades. Consult your own interest,
before purchasing elsewhere, bv inspecting our slock.
J. W. PATRICK & CO.,
March 20, 1873 28 . ly Russell Street, Orangeburg, S- C.
The Citizens' Savings Bank
of south carolina
Will pay 7 per cent* INTEREST on SPECIAL DEPOSITS and 6 per cent on SA\
ings DEPOSITS compounded 8?ni-annuully.
Docal Finance Committee. .
Hon. THOS. W. GLOVER.
Col. PAUL S. FELDER.
Cunt. JOHN A. HAMILTON.
JAS. H, FOWLES,
inch 19-ly Assistant Casliier.
LIFE INSURANCE AGENCY!
Insure your life in tlio
PIEDMONT AND ARLINGTON LIFE INSURANCE 00.
? Capital, $2.500,000.
This is tho largest and most prosperous of tho Southern companies.
JAS. H. FOWLES Agent, at Citizen's Savings
GEN. J. B. GORDON, President, W. C MORRIS, Secretary.
GEN. A- H. C0LQU1T, Kfee-itofcfail C F. MtCAY, Consulting Actuary.
JBH^VISTOPI OFFICE OF
ASSISTS, Jainiary 1st., 1872, $?1,3-11,1)47 40.
BLACK & WARING, . ' ?L A? HAMILTON,
General Agent. ? Agent at Orangeburg, b. C.
W. P. RUSSELL & CO.,
OXXA/X^XJSSTOlSr, S. o.5
? (Post Office Box 197.)
SyOOR, 6ASH and BLIND Factory?MOULDING and PLAINING MIL1X"
Established 1851. ? .
Hanufacturora ?f Building material Generally.
DRES?E*D FLOORING, CEILING and WEATHER BOARDS, MOULDING FOR 1
BUILDING PURPOSES IN GREAT VARIETY. NEWELS, HANB^
RAILS AND BAL LUSTERS, ?VOOD^T?RNING and '
The subscribers are die o'ldy practical mechanics?Sash, Blind and DVrtJlr makers?by trade *
carrying on the business in the city of Charleston, and can refer to gentlemen all UVcr this Stite'"
Georgia, North Carolina and Flonda, as to the character of their work for the past twenty ream''
NOTICE.?On account of the manner in which we box up our work, and our asstunption ml
e risk ?f breakage of Glass with ordinary handling, our goods are shinned over* the rkkiU in
is State at HALF RATES, which is a great wiving to the purchaser of our work. ^
HENRY G. BET5ILL, (at Rlo^Ca^iagFsVopf O^ourf A?"* ?Cfarli*?' S- C'
^1110 12,1873 . 17
PERSONS WISHING ANYTHING
Would do well to call and
our Stock and Prices
( Before buying.
"We do not advertise I Wi
31 ? PRICES, I
But fell confident that mdiioV * yLt
PQ Caiube SAVED #Kf
bv buying from *
VOS? ;& X25X.AK.
J8@" Gri3t nnd Meal at Mill Prices. t?n
J5^'- Goods Delivered.
October 2, 1872, 4
GEORGE II COKNELS?N,
I WOULD RESPECTFULLY INFORM MY FRIENDS AND .TilSr
Public in general that I am receiving dm? nUS'c ready for thcirj in
spection now, the MOST ATTRACTIVE, -LARGEST afni
BEST ASSORTED Stock of SPRING GOODS
? . . ?
ever offered in this market. A uy ouo
who will take the trouble wilS
readily eoivincc him- *
/self of this
? . fact
As space will not ptrmil me to enumerate all the different
brauches, I can only state that all arc fully replen
ished, and I invite every one to call in
v * and examine for himself. Gouds
shown freely and with
OKO. 11. COKNEI,SOxY.
May 7th, 1873, * 12 ly}
DEM EH *TP
itaan m1 a iE num
The undersigned having formed a co-partnership under the name of FOWLES &
GLOVER, offer their services to the community, as Agents for theSale or purchase*'
of Real Estate, and for collection of Rents, &c. JAS. H. FOWLES, ?
JULIUS GLOVER, At Citizens' Savings Bank.
At Law Office of Glover & Glover.
We offer for sale:
A new and beautiful rcsidoncc In Or
nngeburg, on East sido of Railroad, with
fine outbuildings, garden, &c.
ONE Plantation of Fivo Hundred
Acres, on Santeo Rivor. .
A plantation near Fort Motte, 500 acres,
with dwolling and outhouses in good con
dition?water power on the place.
ALSO, a*, a Bargain, 340 acres (1?0
cleared) wit bin J mile of Rowe'e Bridge;
14 miles from Rowe's Pump Depot.
ONE Building Lot in the town of Or
Lot belonging to Presbyterian Church
on Amelia, (New) Street?a desirable
FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY ?
Insure your Dwelling, Store or Stock of Goods in the
LIVERPOOL, LONDON AND GLOBE INSUBANCE CO
Capital, $20,500,000 In Cold.
This company paid over thrco (3) millions nt Chicago firo, nnd over one (1).,
million at recent lue in Boston. JAS. II. FOWLES, Agent.
B joks, Music and Stationery, and Fancy
AT THE ENGINE HOUSE,
' ORANGEBURG, C. IL, S. a
. inch 0-'
QFFICE OF SOUTHERN EXPRESS CO.
Freights intendea for the 8:30 Down Train
must be left afthc office of the Agent tho dajr
before, oa may bo brought to the train on the
morning of leaving, where they will bo r?*
ceived. Other freight received as usuaj.
JOHN A. HAMILTON.
? Act? S- Ex Co..
July 10, 1873, $1